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Ask HN: Starting Your Own LLC? | Hacker News
Good links about starting your own business
business  llc  freelance  hn 
20 hours ago by koozie
There are three tricks I've found work best to stop procrastinating. 1. Ovsiank... | Hacker News
There are three tricks I've found work best to stop procrastinating.
1. Ovsiankina effect. The effect states that an interrupted task, even without incentive, values as a "quasi-need". It creates intrusive thoughts, aimed at taking up the task again. [1]

2. Structured procrastination. [2]

3. Concentrating on the steps to complete the task, not your feelings and emotions about completing it. Action vs. state orientation. [3][4]
hn  procrastination  productivity 
2 days ago by pmigdal
Cadence: Uber's Workflow Orchestration Engine | Hacker News
Cadence vs SWF

Cadence was conceived and is still led by the original tech leads of the SWF.

SWF had no new features added for the last 5 years. Cadence is open sourced and is under active development.

Cadence was initially based on SWF public API. It uses Thrift and TChannel for communication and SWF uses AWS version of REST. Currently the API is not compatible with SWF as Cadence added a large number of new features and deprecated a few problematic ones. We are planning migrating to gRPC later this year.

Cadence can potentially run on any database that supports single shard multi-row transactions as a backend. Currently it supports Cassandra and MySQL.

SWF has pretty tight throttling limits. Cadence scales very well with use cases in production that require 100s of millions of open workflows and thousands of events per second.

SWF has pretty tight limits on individual payloads and number of events. For example maximum activity input size is 32k. Cadence currently has 256k limit. SWF history size limit is 10k events while Cadence limit 200k. All other limits are also higher.

Cadence has no limit on the activity and workflow execution duration.

Cadence through archival supports unlimited retention after a workflow closure.

SWF has Java and Ruby client libraries. Cadence has Java and Go client libraries.

SWF Java library is fully asynchronous and relies on both code generation (through annotation processor) and AspectJ. It is hard to set up, doesn't play well with IDEs and has very steep learning curve. Cadence Java library (as well as Go one) allow writing workflows as synchronous programs which greatly simplifies the programming model. It also just a library without any need for code generation or AspectJ or similar intrusive technologies.

Cadence client side libraries have much better unit testing support. For example the Java library utilizes an in-memory implementation of the Cadence service.

Cadence features that SWF doesn't have:

Workflow stickiness. SWF replays the whole workflow history on every decision. Which means that a workflow resource usage is proportional to O(n*n) of number of events in the history. Cadence caches workflows on a worker and delivers only new events to them. The whole history is replayed only when a worker goes down or the workflow gets out of cache. So Cadence workflow resource usage is O(n) of number of events in the history. For large workflows it makes a huge difference. It also leads to higher per workflow scale. For example it is not recommended to have workflows that execute over a hundred activities in SWF. Cadence routinely executes workflows that have over thousand activities or child workflows.

Query workflow execution. It allows synchronously get any information out of a workflow. An example of a built-in query is a stack trace of a running workflow.

Cross region (in AWS terminology) replication. SWF in each region is fully independent and if the regional SWF is down all workflows in the region are stuck. Cadence supports asynchronous replication across regions. So even in the event of a complete loss of a region the workflows continue execution without interruption.

Server side retry is an ability to retry an activity or a workflow according to an exponential retry policy without growing the history size.

Reset is an ability to restart a workflow from any point of its execution by creating a new run and copying a part of the history. For example the reset is used to automatically roll back workflows to the point before a bad deployment that was rolled back.

Cron is an ability to schedule a periodic workflow execution by passing cron string to the start method.

Local activity is a short activity that is executed in the context of a decision. It uses 6x less DB operations that a normal activity execution.

Long poll on history allows to efficiently watch for new history events and is also used for efficiently waiting for a workflow completion.

Cadence uses the elastic search for visibility. Soon it is going to support complex searches across multiple customer defined columns which is far superior to the tag based search SWF supports.

If decider constantly fails during a decision SWF records a few events on every failure eventually growing the history beyond the limit and terminating a workflow. Cadence supports transient decision feature that doesn't grow history on such failures. It allows continuing workflows without a problem after the fix to the workflow code is deployed.

Cadence provides command line interface

Cadence Web is open sourced and is much nicer than the SWF console.

Cadence supports local development through unit testing as well as using local docker container that contains the full implementation of the Cadence service and the UI.

Cadence doesn’t yet have activity and workflow type registration. The advantage is that changes to activity or workflow scheduling options do not require version bumps that affect clients.
microservice  uber  hn  architecture  workflow  pipeline  worker 
2 days ago by hellsten

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