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Valium (diazepam), Ativan (lorazepam)
Valium (or diazepam) is an anti-anxiety drug found in the family of drugs called benzodiazepines, home to Xanaz (alprazolam), Ativan (lorazepam), and Klonopin (clonazepam) among others. Valium is used to help treat and manage anxiety disorders as well as agitation, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. The drug works by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)—a neurotransmitter—in the brain in order to produce a calming effect.
Valium  (diazepam)  Ativan  (lorazepam)  side-effect  addiction  withdrawal  pain 
15 hours ago by gdw
Lyrica Addiction
Lyrica comes as hard gel tablets or in solution form. The typical dosage for diabetic pain is 50mg three times a day; for epilepsy is 75mg twice a day or 50mg three times a day up to 600mg a day; for fibromyalgia, it is 75mg twice a day up to 450mg daily; for spinal cord injuries and nerve pain, it is 75mg to 150mg twice a day up to 600mg per day.
lyrica  dosage  mechanism  addiction  recovery 
15 hours ago by gdw
www.sciencedirect.com
Addictive Behaviors - Latest Volume; https://ift.tt/2ITu8aR; July 11, 2018 at 04:12PM; ;

Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018

Source: Addictive Behaviors

Author(s): Nicolas Khatmi, Lionel Dany, Khadim Ndiaye, Carrieri Patrizia, Rojas Castro Daniela, Perrine Roux

Abstract

Background/aims

In line with Self-determination Theory, individuals who feel they are able to adopt new behaviors autonomously, and who perceive their social environment as supportive of their autonomy and confident in their competencies, are more likely to engage in sustainable behavioral change over time. We aimed to study the impact of an educational intervention, which has already shown its effectiveness in reducing transmission-risk behaviors and injection-related complications among drug users (Roux et al., 2016), on three psychosocial factors (PSF) involved in initiating and maintaining new health behaviors over time, as follows: A) self-regulation of behaviors (autonomous vs. controlled regulation); B) perceived competence in adopting new behaviors (a feeling of being able or unable to adopt new behaviors) and C) perceived autonomy support (social environment perceived by drug users as supportive of autonomy vs. controlling).

Methods

This non-random clustered intervention study was conducted in 9 intervention groups (programs offering the intervention) and 8 control groups (programs not offering it). Each participant was followed up through a phone interview at enrolment, at 6 months and 12 months. Of the 271 participants, 113 received at least one educational session in the first six months. We used the “Health-Care Self-Determination Theory Questionnaire” to assess the impact of this intervention on the development of self-regulation, perceived competence and perceived autonomy support.

Results

Participants exposed to the intervention at least once were associated with a higher level of perceived competence and perceived autonomy support at M12. However, the intervention did not impact self-regulation (either autonomous or controlled). In addition, the study revealed that other factors, such as gender, age, drug use patterns and participants' healthcare pathways, also have an impact on these PSF.

Conclusions

This educational intervention significantly increases patients' perceived competence but has no impact on the factors specifically involved in maintaining new behaviors over time. This study also highlights the existence of user profiles whose socio-demographic characteristics, use patterns and care pathways can influence these FPS involved in motivation to change and maintain new health behaviors over time.
Addiction  Medicine 
4 days ago by wbennett
Indivior shares fall 30% after abrupt shift in US market conditions
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 11, 2018 at 12:54PM; ; Addiction treatment specialist scraps revenue guidance for financial year (Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare)
Addiction  Medicine 
4 days ago by wbennett
medworm.com
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 11, 2018 at 11:54AM; ; Moving the management of opioid addiction to the primary care setting offers a feasible and effective way to help fight the worsening opioid crisis, the authors of three perspective articles say.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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Addiction  Medicine 
4 days ago by wbennett
medworm.com
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 11, 2018 at 11:54AM; ; Cape May County filed a lawsuit against 14 opioid manufacturers and distributors, alleging a misleading advertising campaign led doctors and patients to believe the benefits of opioids offset their dangers, including addiction. Cape May County is one of many municipalities from the Philadelphia region and one of hundreds of government entities in the United States to sue opioid manufacturers. Bucks County sued a number of manufacturers and distributors in May, and Philadelphia, Camden and Delaware… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Addiction  Medicine 
4 days ago by wbennett
How virtual reality is being used to treat mental health issues
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 11, 2018 at 08:53AM; ; ‘People on opiates could be given a VR tour of what their body would look like after years of addiction’ (Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare)

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Addiction  Medicine 
4 days ago by wbennett
Object moved
Alcohol and Alcoholism Advance Access; https://ift.tt/2IfNUND; July 11, 2018 at 12:05AM; ;

Abstract

Aim

To estimate the prevalence of drug and polydrug use among drunk-drivers during the driving license regranting program, in order to assess the inclusion of toxicological tests on hair and urine samples in the systematic methodology in this category of subjects.

Short summary

A total of 2160 drunk-drivers were tested for alcohol and drugs during driving license regranting. Thirty-one subjects showed alcohol use, 212 illicit drug use and, among these, 131 were polydrug users. Nineteen different patterns of drug and polydrug use were found. Cocaine was detected in 165 subjects.

Methods

The study was performed on 2160 drunk-drivers examined at Legal Medicine and Toxicology Unit of the University of Padova, in a 3-year-period (2014–2017). The positivity for one or more illicit drugs in hair or urine samples was confirmed by LC/MS and GC/MS methods. Chi-square test, Fischer’s exact test and Cochran–Armitage Trend test were used to study the correlation between general characteristics of the examined sample and the presence of drug/polydrug use.

Results

Thirty-one subjects showed alcohol use, 212 illicit drug use and, among these, 131 were polydrug users. Nineteen different patterns of drug and polydrug use were found. Cocaine was detected in 165 subjects in whom 122 showed a concurrent use of alcohol and cocaine, identified through the detection of cocaethylene in hair samples. No significant association and/or trends between drug/polydrug use and the general characteristics of the sample were detected.

Conclusions

The results show that drug and polydrug use among drunk-drivers should be subjected to toxicological as well as alcohological monitoring, especially in the regranting procedure. The implementation of this procedure could improve the knowledge of dimensions of the issue, providing a powerful means for the reduction of phenomenon of driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs.
Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
www.sciencedirect.com
Addictive Behaviors - Latest Volume; https://ift.tt/2ITu8aR; July 10, 2018 at 09:06PM; ;

Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018

Source: Addictive Behaviors

Author(s): Nuria Mallorquí-Bagué, Gemma Mestre-Bach, María Lozano-Madrid, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Roser Granero, Cristina Vintró-Alcazaz, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Trevor Steward, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Neus Aymamí, Teresa Mena-Moreno, José M. Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia

Abstract

Background and aims

Gambling disorder (GD) is a highly heterogeneous condition with high rates of chronicity, relapses and treatment dropout. The aim of this study was to longitudinally explore the associations between trait impulsivity, impulsivity-compulsivity related cognitive domains, and treatment outcome in an outpatient sample of adult patients with GD.

Methods

144 adult male participants diagnosed with GD undergoing cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) at a specialized outpatient service completed a series of neuropsychological tests to assess executive functioning (including cognitive flexibility, inhibition control and decision making) and psychometric questionnaires.

Results

Trait impulsivity predicted low compliance [UPPS-P negative urgency (B = 0.113; p = 0.019)] and relapse [UPPS-P negative urgency (B = 0.140; p = 0.015)] at 5 weeks of treatment and dropout at the end of treatment [(UPPS-P sensation seeking B = 0.056; p = 0.045)]. Cognitive flexibility performance predicted: dropout rates at the end of treatment [WCST perseverative errors (B = 0.043; p = 0.042)]; dropout [WCST categories completed (B = −1.827; p = 0.020)] and low compliance or relapses at follow-up [WCST perseverative errors (B = 0.128; p = 0.020)]; and time to first relapse [WCST failure to maintain set (B = −0.374; p = 0.048)] and time to dropout [WCST perseverative errors (B = 0.0198; p = 0.019)].

Conclusions

Our findings indicate impulsivity-compulsivity levels may influence response to GD treatment (i.e.: low compliance and dropout or relapse rates) thus representing a potential target for improving treatment outcomes.
Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
WHO classifies compulsive sexual behavior as mental health condition
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 10, 2018 at 05:49PM; ; For the first time, compulsive sexual behavior -- commonly called sex addiction -- is classified as a mental health disorder on the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases list -- a decision not without controversy. (Source: CNN.com - Health)

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Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
Webinar: Ohio Addiction Policy Inventory and Scorecard: Prevention, Treatment and Recovery
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 10, 2018 at 05:49PM; ; July 19, 2018 11:30am-12:30pm ET. (Source: HSR Information Central)
Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
Gambling disorder in male violent offenders in the prison system: psychiatric and substance-related comorbidity - Widinghoff C, Berge J, Wallinius M, Billstedt E, Hofvander B, H åkansson A.
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 10, 2018 at 08:46AM; ; Gambling disorder is an addiction that can cause major suffering, and some populations seem to be more vulnerable than others. Offender populations have a remarkably high prevalence of gambling problems and they are also over-represented in a number of dia... (Source: SafetyLit)

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Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
Effects of mild blast traumatic brain injury on cognitive- and addiction-related behaviors - Muelbl MJ, Slaker ML, Shah AS, Nawarawong NN, Gerndt CH, Budde MD, Stemper BD, Olsen CM.
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 10, 2018 at 08:46AM; ; Traumatic brain injury (TBI) commonly results in cognitive and psychiatric problems. Cognitive impairments occur in approximately 30% of patients suffering from mild TBI (mTBI), and correlational evidence from clinical studies indicates that substance abus... (Source: SafetyLit)
Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
Stunning turnaround by a formerly addicted mom
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 10, 2018 at 08:46AM; ; The words that saved Crystal Champ's life were delivered like a spear into the heart. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Addiction  Medicine 
5 days ago by wbennett
NIAAA is on Instagram (@NIAAAnews)
MedWorm - Addiction News; https://ift.tt/2pUlgdA; July 9, 2018 at 09:43PM; ; This month saw the launch of NIAAA ’s official Instagram account:ªªhttps://www.instagram.com/niaaanews/ Throughoutºº the year the site will feature graphics on NIAAA ’s research and alcohol-related health messages. The account joins NIAAA ’s Twitter account, launched in 2010:ªªhttps://twitter.com/NIAAAnews Followºº us on both for the latest NIAAA info. (Source: NIAAA News)

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Addiction  Medicine 
6 days ago by wbennett

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