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Windows 98 Icons are Great
Rather than some designer’s flashy vision of the future, Windows 98 icons made the operating system feel like a place to get real work done. They had hard edges, soft colors and easy-to-recognize symbols. It’s obvious that the icons were meticulously crafted. Each 256-color .ico file includes a pixel-perfect 16x16, 32x32 and 48x48 version that looks equally good on the taskbar and desktop. Maybe its nostalgia, but I still prefer the classic icons of Windows 98 over the shiny, drop-shadowed icons of later years. You can download the entire Windows 98 collection of .ico files here.
blog-posts  history  windows  icons 
2 days ago by mikael
No more XS4ALL is unthinkable
They are the example of how it should be, the Dutch ISP called XS4ALL. They were bought in '98 by the former state-owned KPN, but continued to operate independently. Born from a group of hackers and the first ISP in the Netherlands, today they are still the example that we measure other ISPs by. A few days ago, KPN announced they were going to "let go of the brand". It is not about the brand, of course. It is a euphemism which means XS4ALL will be shut down.
history  isp  blog-posts  business 
6 days ago by mikael
The New Social Media
What I’m hopeful for, my optimistic vision of the future of social media on the internet, is federated services. Varied smaller sites and systems talking to each other, with the ability to import and export your identity if you need to move services, where you can have a central, more tightly controlled online identity. Where you can have a sense of ownership of your content and identity, but still a sense of community and connection. I think the silos will still be there for a long time to come, and I don’t think it will be the full indieweb ideal, but viable decentralized solutions are coming. As far as I’m concerned, they can’t get here soon enough.
netcritique  socialmedia  decentralization  business  blog-posts 
9 days ago by mikael
Ello, goodbye.
Venture capital is private subsidy that keeps the startup alive long enough until enough people have joined their platform. At this point, it’s too late. By being part of the platform we have created its value. This is the value that is sold in an exit. The only way to resist this system is to not build that value in the first place. Once a network has grown to the sort of size Facebook or Twitter has, there is very little anyone can do. But we have an opportunity to make sure that new networks that are funded by venture capital do not reach that point.
blog-posts  socialmedia  business  netcritique  quotes 
9 days ago by mikael
Hurdles to a New Social Web
Let’s do some napkin-math. Let’s say you set up a Mastodon instance that serves a community of ten thousand users. Based on some (very helpful) stats provided by existing instances, this would cost around 250€ (~$285) per month, or 3000€ (~$3420) per year. That’s just to run the instance: that doesn’t cover the cost of moderation, maintenance, any custom development, or other human costs to maintaining that service. That means if you set up a Patreon, or a freemium subscription model (or other similar ways to take in some money), at $5/mo, 57 of your users would need to be throwing in some cash, just to keep the instance running. That’s ~.5% of your users, which seems pretty achievable. Great! You can effectively keep a service running, sustainably. Now, let’s add a living wage for one developer/maintainer. The average pay for a system administrator in Portland, Oregon is somewhere between $58k and $65k, depending on which salary reporting site you listen to. Let’s call it $60k to make the math easy. That’s $5000 a month. At that same subscription cost of $5/mo, you need a thousand users to pay in, or 10% of your overall user population. That… feels a little less achievable. You can usually get that sort of surge in a pinch, but maintaining that percentage is significantly more difficult. “Successful” freemium models rarely break 10% (barring a few outliers, which really can’t be relied on), with most reported percentages being closer to 2-6%. So, just to get to the average pay rate of a larger service in a similar role, your service needs to exceed expectations, and then stay that way. That’s a pretty strong disincentive for engineers and administrators to go start a decentralized service instead of working at a nice, kush, megacorp. (That isn’t even getting into benefits, the overall costs of which account for ~30% above your base pay, according to the US Department of Labor). Oh, and let’s not forget: that’s to pay one person. Don’t get me wrong. Lots of sites and services out there manage to make it work, and will continue to make it work! But there should be no illusions about how that’s achieved for many of those projects: they are labors of love, where the costs of the service (in terms of time and manpower, if not infrastructure) are volunteered by individuals. There’s a limit to how far that can sustain itself, and is a major hurdle for broader adoption of decentralized services.
decentralization  socialmedia  blog-posts  netcritique  business  mastodon 
9 days ago by mikael
Comparing and contrasting ins, del, and s
The <s> element could even arguably be used for indicating sarcasm, or for marking up examples of Sous rature for all you Jacques Derrida fans out there. Well… maybe ;-).
html5  html  language  blog-posts 
13 days ago by mikael
Homebrew 1.9.0
Homebrew 1.9.0 has beta support for Linux and Windows 10 (with the Windows Subsystem for Linux). Homebrew on Linux (known as Linuxbrew) does not require root access.
blog-posts  windows  osx  software  apple  cli 
13 days ago by mikael
Drömmen om att cykla
I Dick Brunas Miffy cyklar utstrålar kaninen Miffy dröm och längtan där hon sitter med huvudet i tassarna. När hon blir stor, då ska hon cykla! Hon föreställer sig cykelturen, först runt huset där hon bor, sen ut bland blommorna på ängen – det går hur enkelt som helst. Förbi sjön, genom skogen med alla träden går turen, och uppför en backe. Miffy har ett mål: huset på kullen där mostern bor.
cycling  books  children  swedish  blog-posts  reviews 
14 days ago by mikael
Gauss's Principle of Least Constraint
Gauss’s principle says that the behavior of a constrained system is as close as possible to the unconstrained behavior while satisfying the constraint.
physics  dynamics  mathematics  blog-posts  linear-algebra  optimization  constrained-optimization 
14 days ago by pash
Why does decentralization matter?
Decentralization upends the social network business model by dramatically reducing operating costs. It absolves a single entity of having to shoulder all operating costs alone. No single server needs to grow beyond its comfort zone and financial capacity. As the entry cost is near zero, an operator of a Mastodon server does not need to seek venture capital, which would pressure them to use large-scale monetization schemes. There is a reason why Facebook executives rejected the $1 per year business model of WhatsApp after its acquisition: It is sustainable and fair, but it does not provide the same unpredictable, potentially unbounded return of investment that makes stock prices go up. Like advertising does.
economics  netcritique  decentralization  mastodon  blog-posts  business  facebook 
21 days ago by mikael
27.5+ and 29+ Bikes: What Does it all Mean?
Right now there are two different plus-size options out there: 27 and 29 Plus. The simplest way of thinking about it is this–27.5+ amounts to sticking a 3-inch tire on a wide (45 to 55 millimeter), 27.5-inch rim. Twenty-nine Plus, no surprise here, involves putting a 3-inch tire on an equally wide 29er rim.
Most of the buzz right now centers on 27.5+. If you were a betting man, this would be the tire you'd pick to prevail because you can already squeeze 27.5+ tires into a lot of 29er frames. From an engineering standpoint, it should be relatively easy to crank out new 27.5+ bikes. Twenty-Seven Plus is basically a squishier flavor of 29er and, yes, there's no shortage of irony there if you go looking for it. And then there's this: 29+ tires should, by all rights, weigh more than 27.5+ tires. A bigger tire, you might guess, would require more rubber and all that. Since heavy tires are the bane of any mountain biker's existence, this should be yet another nail in the 29+ coffin. It isn't quite so simple. A lot of the high-volume 27.5+ tires actually have a taller sidewall than comparable 29+ tires. This makes them less stable under hard cornering than lower-profile 29+ tires and that extra sidewall rubber adds up. It's hard to believe, but there are 27.5+ tires that weigh more than some 29+ tires. Trek suspension engineer, Ted Alsop, puts it this way, "27.5+, ideally, has the diameter of a 29×2.3 tire, but to get there, you have to give it a really tall sidewall. The bead-to-bead measurement–that's the actual width of the tire if you pressed it flat and measured from one bead to the other–is about 15 millimeters wider than a 29+ tire. Relative to the rim, the 27.5+ tire is actually taller than the 29+ tire, which is why we've found that the 27.5+ tires that we've ridden have a lot more of an un-damped, fatbike tire bounce to them and don't corner as well at lower pressures. The 29+ tire, which is actually a lower profile, shorter sidewall tire, has less of that uncontrolled bounce to it." Chris Drewes, Trek's MTB product manager, has this to add, "It's kind of the wild west for 27.5+ tires right now. You see high-volume tires, you see tires with tons of knobs with sidewalls that are much wider than the actual tread itself. You see 27.5+ tires that weigh, literally, more than a 4-inch fatbike tire. So, it's all over the map. It's going to take some time for the market to really figure out what 27.5+ even is. What that means is there are going to be some great 27.5+ bikes coming out now and some really shitty 27.5+ bikes too." […] Squeezing a 3-inch tire into a bike's rear end quickly eats up precious real estate in the rear triangle. There isn't much room left for a front derailleur or, depending on how short you want the chainstays, even a chainring. Sure, you can make it all work if you want a hardtail with 18-inch chainstays, but then you just introduce that crappy, lumbering feel that made so many people hate 29ers for so long. There are a couple of ways to work around the problem. You can either use a wider bottom bracket to give you the necessary tire/chain/chainring clearance or you can adopt Boost 148, a rear-axle standard developed by SRAM and Trek. Boost 148 widens the rear hub flanges 6 millimeters and pushes the chainring out 3 millimeters. Trek, naturally, is running Boost 148. It’s not alone; other companies, such as Specialized, are following suit. Rocky Mountain is going the wider bottom bracket route.
tyres  bikes  cycling  blog-posts 
21 days ago by mikael
Web+ on a Phone
OK, so your mind isn’t blown. I understand. After all, anyone can blog from a phone using a native or web app that speaks to a server somewhere. The difference is I have an entire copy of my site on my phone and I’m blogging using the exact same Web+ setup I described earlier on my Mac.
blogging  staticsitegenerator  mobile  android  blog-posts  tutorials 
22 days ago by mikael

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