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An Introduction to Model-Based Cognitive Neuroscience | Birte U. Forstmann | Springer
Two recent innovations, the emergence of formal cognitive models and the addition of cognitive neuroscience data to the traditional behavioral data, have resulted in the birth of a new, interdisciplinary field of study: model-based cognitive neuroscience. Despite the increasing scientific interest in model-based cognitive neuroscience, few active researchers and even fewer students have a good knowledge of the two constituent disciplines. The main goal of this edited collection is to promote the integration of cognitive modeling and cognitive neuroscience. Experts in the field will provide tutorial-style chapters that explain particular techniques and highlight their usefulness through concrete examples and numerous case studies. The book will also include a thorough list of references pointing the reader towards additional literature and online resources.
cognition  models_of_behavior  neuroscience  book 
yesterday by rvenkat
Padgett, J. and Powell, W.: The Emergence of Organizations and Markets (Hardcover, Paperback and eBook) | Princeton University Press
The social sciences have sophisticated models of choice and equilibrium but little understanding of the emergence of novelty. Where do new alternatives, new organizational forms, and new types of people come from? Combining biochemical insights about the origin of life with innovative and historically oriented social network analyses, John Padgett and Walter Powell develop a theory about the emergence of organizational, market, and biographical novelty from the coevolution of multiple social networks. They demonstrate that novelty arises from spillovers across intertwined networks in different domains. In the short run actors make relations, but in the long run relations make actors.

This theory of novelty emerging from intersecting production and biographical flows is developed through formal deductive modeling and through a wide range of original historical case studies. Padgett and Powell build on the biochemical concept of autocatalysis--the chemical definition of life--and then extend this autocatalytic reasoning to social processes of production and communication. Padgett and Powell, along with other colleagues, analyze a very wide range of cases of emergence. They look at the emergence of organizational novelty in early capitalism and state formation; they examine the transformation of communism; and they analyze with detailed network data contemporary science-based capitalism: the biotechnology industry, regional high-tech clusters, and the open source community.

review here
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/339/6124/1150

-- auto-catalytic sets, principles of self organization,...? Comments withheld till I read the book. Haven't General systems theorists tried all this before?
book  self_organization  institutions  complexity  market_design  for_friends 
yesterday by rvenkat
Limit the Decisions You Make as a Leader - The Decision Maker
Limit the Decisions You Make as a Leader - The Decision Maker
book  leadership 
yesterday by kristofa
The Anti-Witch - HAU Books
eanne Favret-Saada is arguably one of France’s most brilliant anthropologists, and The Anti-Witch is nothing less than a masterpiece. A synthesis of ethnographic theory and psychoanalytic revelation, where the line between researcher and subject is blurred—if not erased—The Anti-Witch develops the contours of an anthropology of therapy, while deeply engaging with what it means to be caught in the logic of witchcraft. Through an intimate and provocative sharing of the ethnographic voice with Madame Flora, a “dewitcher,” Favret-Saada delivers a critical challenge to some of anthropology’s fundamental concepts.

Sure to be of interest to practitioners of psychoanalysis as well as to anthropologists, The Anti-Witch will bring a new generation of scholars into conversation with the work of a truly innovative thinker.
anthropology  magic  book  read-later 
yesterday by kmt
Does inequality cause suicide, drug abuse and mental illness? - The crack-up
In “The Inner Level”, the authors of “The Spirit Level” argue that it does
equality  book  society  mental  illness 
yesterday by soobrosa
‘Terreur dans l’Hexagone’, by Gilles Kepel | Financial Times
instead of facilitating their political integration, the Socialist leader focused only on the question of racism. “We could have had a generation of role models who would have led the way,” Kepel tells me.

Salafism, an ultra-conservative version of Sunni Islam whose values he views as incompatible with France’s republican and secular values, gained ground. Newly formed Salafist communities settled in deserted rural areas, such as Artigat, southwestern France — where a Syrian emir radicalised several French-born terrorists, including Mohammed Merah, who shot Jewish children in Toulouse in 2012.

Kepel, who has written much about political Islam in the Arab world, notes that 2005 was also the year Abu Musab al-Suri, a Spanish-Syrian militant, published The Global Islamic Resistance Call — a guide to what Kepel calls “third-generation jihadism”, a bottom-up terror strategy that succeeded the top-down strategy of al-Qaeda and inspired the recent attacks.
1983  france  2005  book 
2 days ago by aries1988

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