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I love builders. via /r/civ
I love builders so much. China's one of my favorite civs to play in VI because of the extra Builder charge, and I almost always choose Liang as my first governor. Tile improvements are so addicting. The more you build, the more food and production you get, and the more food you get, the more citizens you get to work tiles, and the more citizens you get to work tiles, the more food and production you get, and the more production you get, the more builders you can get.I love gold, too. With gold, you can buy builders instead of hard-producing them, and you can build more tiles for the builders to work on. What does the production go to instead, then? Well, obviously, I've gotta build the Pyramids, so I can get that extra builder charge I crave. I gotta build commercial districts and harbors, too, so I can make even more gold to buy even more builders and even more tiles for my builders to build on, and my builders will go ahead and get production so I can build even more districts. What's that? More districts require more population? Good thing I built all of those farms. You know, with my builders.Who needs a religious victory, anyway? My people love me, and I'm always in a golden age from all the wonders I'm building. You know, with the production from my builders. Apostles, missionaries, whatever. This era, I'm buying builders with faith.I need to expand everywhere. My cities can only work so many tiles. Even the inhospitable arctic landscapes and barren deserts are not free of my incredible need to industrialize. With all those traders from all those commercial districts I built, even the worst settling location can have amazing production, and with all of that gold, I can get my on-demand builders instantaneously to make that barren landscape into a rich metropolis. What's that? I can't build farms or mines on flat snow, tundra, or desert? Good thing I'm best friends with all those city states. Those alcazars are churning out culture like nobody's business.I recently got Gathering Storm from the Steam Sale. I love the Inca. Terrace Farms are so incredibly gratifying. My cities become so huge that they hit the population cap faster than you can say "neighborhood". Even those impassable mountains aren't unwelcoming to my emboldened, adventurous subjects. I don't even need to worry that much about pursuing a strong standing military to protect my rich lands. My cities' districts are filled to the brim, and all those citizens churning out production are so bored. They're like, "we've built everything there is to build. We've got every wonder from the Hanging Gardens to Ruhr Valley. What are we supposed to do now?" And I'm like, "iunno. Musketmen, I guess." Suddenly I'm at the top of the military strength leaderboard even though I've barely stepped foot outside of my borders.I love builders.
IFTTT  Reddit  civ 
12 weeks ago by trieloff
诸神的黄昏
《春之祭》从文化史的角度给出了一个不同的解释:那场战争本质上是一场对旧秩序的宏大反叛,而这种普遍的内在冲动早已在人们的意识深处燃起。

这是一部德国视角的文化史,不说别的,单是这种从文化角度来看待战争冲突的想法就非常德国。可以说,一战本身就是一场“文化”对“文明”的战争:保守倾向的英法所讲究的是从市民社会发展而来的“文明”(civilization),但在反叛者看来,在戴着谦恭有礼和尊重国际法的虚伪面具下,仍是弱肉强食的丛林规则;而德国所推崇的“文化”(Kultur)则更偏向精神、道德与意志,按斯宾格勒的观点,那是生命进程或历史的基本现象,所有历史的文化象征都暗示着生命的形而上奥秘——这种带有神秘倾向的内在冲动,在英国的“文明人”看来则是非理性的、不守文明规范的。

在很大程度上,它也深受德国历史哲学的影响,带有浓厚的德国文化气息,那种从绘画、舞蹈等艺术类型切入来洞察时代精神变迁的手法,与斯宾格勒《西方的没落》如出一辙,也势必像前者一样饱受争议。不过显然,作者对“德国文化”也有其相对狭隘的界定——例如马克思主义这个同样主张斗争与解放的德国思潮,就并未包括在他的分析之中。对于政治人物那种诸如“维护德国人的感情”、“出于责任和荣誉”之类的说辞,他似乎也并未加以怀疑。从某种程度上说,这本《春之祭》本身的书写就像是沉醉在对复原那段历史的审美体验之中,那与其说是一段历史,不如说是一部歌剧。
ww1  deutsch  zeitgeist  art  book  war  uk  explained  civ  culture  from instapaper
may 2019 by aries1988
为什么历史上会出现先进文明被落后文明征服的情况? - 知乎

有观点认为宋朝市民阶层活跃,官学私学兴起,皇帝与士大夫共天下,在人文精神方面堪比文艺复兴。一连串的窝囊废皇帝确实缺少权威,官民发声也是好事,但宋朝搞来搞去的人文精神,结果居然是推崇圣人训的程朱理学。“为天地立心,为生民立命,为往圣继绝学,为万世开太平”。这种酸腐的呓语被当做时代的强音,哪里有文艺复兴中质疑上帝说的影子?

经济繁荣之下,很多人会有很多奇思妙想并付诸实践。宋人先记录再说,不管是否成熟或能推广应用。夸大的文字描述与真实的技术功效之间,经常在有意无意中充满了欺骗性,最典型的例子就是沈括在《梦溪笔谈》中记述毕昇的泥活字印刷术。

元朝没能像法兰克王国扭转欧洲进程那样扭转中国的进程,其新拓展的疆域与汉文化不能相容。蒙古人和汉人的交流也不成功,在元末农民起义的大潮中,又退回蒙古高原,成为固守漠北的最后一支民族。

辽宋金元更替时期的另一个深远影响是中国的政治中心发生了变化。唐朝后期,关中平原因千年持续开发,植被破坏及水土流失严重,已无地利可言。唐末,长安、洛阳毁于战火,五代中除后唐定都洛阳,其他四朝均定都于华北平原的汴梁,随后北宋也顺势定都汴梁,完成了政治中心的一次东移。但是汴梁地理条件较差,地势过低,靠近黄河和大运河的便利不能抵消水患连连,最终在辽金的持续冲击下被放弃。
region  theory  history  war  state  civ  question  song  china  han  from instapaper
april 2019 by aries1988
Fire of Notre-Dame: An elegy of Western decline - CGTN
if the collapse of the Twin Towers of New York City in 911 represented a deep wound of American capitalism, the fall of Notre-Dame spire is at least a sign of decay of Christendom in France and perhaps even a deny of the state's political order.
opinion  2019  chinese  intelligentsia  west  civ  christianity  france  crisis 
april 2019 by aries1988

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