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Is half the world’s population really below ‘replacement-rate’?
A perennial activity of demographers is to estimate the percentage of the world’s population which is above or below the ‘replacement rate of fertility’ [RRF]. However, most attempts to do so have been based upon, at best, oversimplified, or at worst, simply incorrect assumptions about what RRF actually is. The objective of this paper is to calculate the proportion of the world’s population living in countries with observed period total fertility rates [TFR] below the respective calculated RRF, rather than the commonly used measure of 2.1. While the differences between comparing TFR to 2.1 or RRF are relatively modest in many periods when considering populations at the national level, a significant difference can be observed in the near future based upon India’s fertility and mortality trajectories. Our exercise represents a means of ‘correcting the record’ using the most up-to-date evidence and using the correct protocol.
demographics  iiasa  fertility  mortality  countries  data 
yesterday by zesteur
Demographic Shifts: The World in 2030 - Cushman & Wakefield
The retirement of 693 million Baby Boomers and the debut of 1.3 billion Generation Z workers entering the labor force over the next ten years has major implications for real estate occupiers, investors and policy-makers around the world.
this-week-471  Around-the-web  Matt  demographics  labor  workforce  jobs 
4 days ago by areadevelopment
Demographics and the decline in business dynamism
It is not just the decline in the growth rate of the workforce over the last twenty years that led to lower entry rates. It is equally the fault of the very high growth rate of the workforce in the middle of the 20th century. During that period it took many new establishments to absorb the Baby Boomers as they entered the workforce. Hence the entry rate was high during the 20th century. But as those establishments aged, the ones that survived grew larger and less likely to go out of business. By the time we made it to the year 2000, there was a built-up stock of large, old, unlikely-to-exit establishments that was capable of absorbing most of the workers entering the workforce each year. There was little space for new establishments to enter.
demographics  economics  firms  startups 
7 days ago by yorksranter
Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Kids, Teens, and Young Adults | CDC
What Do We Know About Heated Tobacco Products?
Heated tobacco products (HTPs) like IQOS and Eclipse, sometimes marketed as “heat-not-burn” technology, represent a diverse class of products that heat the tobacco leaf to produce an inhaled aerosol. They are different from e-cigarettes, which heat a liquid that can contain nicotine derived from tobacco.
HTPs are available in at least 40 countries and have several have been authorized for sale in the United States by the FDA. In 2018, few U.S. adults (2.4% of all surveyed, including 6.7% of current smokers surveyed) had ever used HTPs. Youth use of HTPs is unknown, but monitoring is underway.
Scientists are still learning about the short-term and long-term health effects of HTPs, but the available science shows they contain harmful and potentially harmful ingredients. Youth use of any tobacco products, including heated products, is unsafe.
It is important that we continue to modernize proven tobacco prevention and control strategies to include newer products entering the market such as HTPs.
smoking  economics  demographics  national  statistics  data  tobacco  consumption  analysis  public  health  youth  teen  minor  CDC  high  school  middle  risk  policy  strategy  HTP  heated  products 
8 days ago by Michael.Massing
Tobacco Use By Youth Is Rising | VitalSigns | CDC
Tobacco product use among US youth is increasing. More than 1 in 4 high school students and about 1 in 14 middle school students in 2018 had used a tobacco product in the past 30 days. This was a considerable increase from 2017, which was driven by an increase in e-cigarette use. E-cigarette use increased from 11.7% to 20.8% among high school students and from 3.3% to 4.9% among middle school students from 2017 to 2018. No change was found in the use of other tobacco products, including cigarettes, during this time.

Among youth:

E-cigarettes are still the most commonly used tobacco product, ahead of cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, hookah, and pipes.
E-cigarettes are the most commonly used product in combination with other tobacco products.
smoking  economics  demographics  national  statistics  data  tobacco  consumption  analysis  public  health  youth  teen  minor  MMWR  CDC  high  school  middle 
8 days ago by Michael.Massing
Where Did Americans Move in 2019? - Tax Foundation
States compete with each other in a variety of ways, including attracting (and retaining) residents. Sustained periods of inbound migration lead to greater economic output and growth. Prolonged periods of net outbound migration, however, can strain state coffers, contributing to revenue volatility as economic activity and tax revenue follow individuals out of state.
workforce-migration  demographics  industry-organizations  Around-the-web  this-week-470 
9 days ago by areadevelopment
What you can do to get ahead of the higher ed crisis
Higher ed enrollment has steadily declined over the last decade, and this trend is projected to get worse over the next ten years—drastically so in 2025.
Recruitment marketing and admissions leaders often take a narrow view of their role within the institution, limiting their impact.
There are three steps for forward-thinking enrollment leaders to take as you make sense of the crisis in higher ed: change your mindset, speak in your audience’s language, and influence your institution’s product mix.
higher-education-issues  recruitment  enrollment  demographics 
9 days ago by lnidoh
Demographic Shifts: The World in 2030 - Cushman & Wakefield
We are entering a decade of seismic demographic change. 

The retirement of 693 million Baby Boomers and the debut of 1.3 billion Generation Z workers entering the labor force over the next ten years has major implications for real estate occupiers, investors and policy-makers around the world.

Cushman & Wakefield’s Demographics Report extends a global viewpoint and takes the perspectives of both occupiers and investors to identify opportunities and challenges that will be encountered by 2030, and analyzes four key issues. 
demographics  workforce-aging  generation-z  Around-the-web  this-week-470 
10 days ago by areadevelopment

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