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牛排、松露、燻鮭魚口味:讓英國人一口接一口的國民美食——手工洋芋片
近幾年,英國不少品牌漸漸主打「手工」洋芋片,甚至標榜其使用的馬鈴薯均來自自家農場,帶來口感更佳、食安無虞的產品。今天要介紹兩家我心目中數一數二的品牌,他們不是傳統老字號,卻在創新度和美味性拔得頭籌,成為無論是口感、包裝、風味皆十分出色,來到英國絕對不可錯過
food  england 
3 days ago by lordcolus
Currency converter: 1270–2017
Try our online currency converter and find out how many animals, stones of wool and quarters of wheat you can buy, and how much you could earn.
history  money  uk  england 
5 days ago by Weaverbird
English settlement of Barbados
The settlement was established as a proprietary colony and funded by Sir William Courten, a City of London merchant who acquired the title to Barbados and several other islands. So the first colonists were actually tenants and much of the profits of their labor returned to Courten and his company.[4]

The first English ship, which had arrived on 14 May 1625, was captained by John Powell. The first settlement began on 17 February 1627, near what is now Holetown (formerly Jamestown),[5] by a group led by John Powell's younger brother, Henry, consisting of 80 settlers and 10 English laborers. The latter were young indentured laborers who according to some sources had been abducted, effectively making them slaves.

Courten's title was transferred to James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle, in what was called the "Great Barbados Robbery." Carlisle then chose as governor Henry Hawley, who established the House of Assembly in 1639, in an effort to appease the planters, who might otherwise have opposed his controversial appointment.

In the period 1640–60, the West Indies attracted over two-thirds of the total number of English emigrants to the Americas. By 1650, there were 44,000 settlers in the West Indies, as compared to 12,000 on the Chesapeake and 23,000 in New England. Most English arrivals were indentured.
England  Caribbean  US  History  VA  MA  Colonization  Empire  Indentured  Servants 
6 days ago by dbourn
Newfoundland - Colonization under Henry VII of England
1497, the Italian navigator John Cabot (Zuan/Giovanni Cabotto) became the first European since the Norse settlers to set foot on Newfoundland, working under commission of King Henry VII of England. His landing site is unknown but popularly believed to be Cape Bonavista, along the island's East coast.[16] Another site claimed is Cape Bauld, at the tip of the Great Northern Peninsula. A document found in the Spanish National Archives, written by a Bristol merchant, reports that Cabot's crew landed 1,800 miles (2,900 km) west of Dursey Head, Ireland (latitude 51° 35'N), which would put Cabot within sight of Cape Bauld. This document mentions an island that Cabot sailed past to go ashore on the mainland. This description fits with the Cape Bauld theory, as Belle Isle is not far offshore.[16]

Other European explorers
After Cabot, the first European visitors to Newfoundland were Portuguese, Basque, Spanish, French and English migratory fishermen. In 1501, Portuguese explorers Gaspar Corte-Real and his brother Miguel Corte-Real charted part of the coast of Newfoundland in a failed attempt to find the Northwest Passage. Late in the 17th century came Irish fishermen, who named the island Talamh an Éisc, meaning "land of the fish", or "the fishing grounds" in Irish Gaelic. This reflected the abundance of fisheries.

Colonization
In 1583, when Sir Humphrey Gilbert formally claimed Newfoundland as a colony of England, he found numerous English, French and Portuguese vessels at St. John's. There was no permanent population. Gilbert was lost at sea during his return voyage, and plans of settlement were postponed.
16th  Century  England  Colonization  Empire 
6 days ago by dbourn
Sir Walter Raleigh in the Tower of London
Always ambitious, Raleigh was also motivated by his hatred of Spain and support for Protestantism.

Once he gained influence at court, he promoted the idea of creating English colonies in North America to challenge Spanish colonial policy.

The Queen wanted to keep her favourite Walter near to her, so he was forbidden to travel overseas.

However, in 1584, 1585 and 1587 Raleigh organised voyages to North America that led to his sponsorship of an English colony on Roanoke Island (now north Carolina), which he named ‘Virginna’ after his adored Virgin Queen, Elizabeth I.
In 1616 Sir Walter was released from the Tower by James I (but not pardoned). The King ordered him to undertake an expedition to Guiana to search for gold.
Upon his return in June 1618, Raleigh was accused of deliberately inciting war between Spain and England.

A furious James I invoked the original sentence of 1603 and by August the explorer was back to the Tower of London.
England  Colonization  Empire  VA  US  History 
6 days ago by dbourn
King's Chapel in Boston
The King's Chapel congregation was founded by Royal Governor Sir Edmund Andros in 1686 as the first Anglican Church in colonial New England during the reign of King James II. The original King's Chapel was a wooden church built in 1688 at the corner of Tremont and School Streets, where the church stands today. It was situated on the public burying ground, now King's Chapel Burying Ground, because no resident would sell land for a church that was not Congregationalist (at the time, the Congregational church was the official religion of Massachusetts).
England  Colonization  Empire  US  History 
6 days ago by dbourn

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