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Wikipedia and the Wisdom of Polarized Crowds - Issue 70: Variables - Nautilus
“It seems like conservatives are happy to draw on science associated with economic growth—that’s what they want from science,” Evans said. “Science is more like Star Trek for liberals: traveling through worlds, searching for new meanings, searching for yourself.” Science turned out to be “a huge example of confirmation bias,” Evans said. “You expect something to be true, you want it to be true, you read books that affirm and confirm those truths.” Looking at the polarized results, Evans had an idea. What would happen if you put together a group of diverse people to produce information? What would the results look like? Evans knew just the place to conduct the experiment: Wikipedia. Evans and Misha Teplitskiy, a postdoctoral fellow at the Laboratory for Innovation Science at Harvard, and colleagues, studied 205,000 Wikipedia topics and their associated “talk pages,” where anybody can observe the debates and conversations that go on behind the scenes.
thinking  epistemology  politics  perception  truth  science 
19 hours ago by basemaly
Knight Media Forum on Livestream
structural value of local news never of interest to financial

tech industry affected the industry. but it was set up to fail
tech was built in response to the takeove
tech fundamentally focuses on the abstraction, it focuses on generalization, on scale and above all on growth. When you think about Abstraction you lose all the local value, all of the structure there. so when an abstracted entity tries to produce local information it will fail because it is not actually rooted within community. Tech knows how to universalize and it knows how to scale scale. It does not know how to bring it down to the root of the local communities, that is one of the reasons why we're seeing the fragmentation of epistemologies
Apply the same kind of scriptural sense making to the news.
scriptural inference to google searches

instead of using a search engine to research the topic.
Go to google to get "affirmation of something".
Listening to Talk radio and other media this community was consuming: they were being told how to search the process is to find the right search query before you even begin.
Process and project of going to a search engine is to find the right query. We're back to the manipulation part.

headlines mattered more than anything
54:41 – title text that surround it is the end of the story than the beginning of it.
This was not how google was designed. It is designed to be data driven. it has an epispimongy that knowledge is within the data and that people will click the headlines.

Those in People in journalisms know there is a constrant struggle about what the headlines do: are they trying to get people in to read or do they do the work on their own.
Exploiters know how to exploit the surround information.

Misinformation is not a new problem
exploitation of media game. personal profit ideological organization gain.
leverage vulternativlies to achieve specific goals.
engineers design for how the tool might be used
journalists write for how they hope the information might be consumed.
policy makers create laws how they hope it will make certain types of change.
most people who like to build, like to create, inform, like to imagine all the awesome ways their creations might be used. they don't like to think about how they might be exploited.

We all hope for what will happen so we can justify the actions we've taken, rather than struggle with all the things that might happen as a byproduct of our very very good intentions.
needless to say, I'd love structures and processes to proactively think about what might go wrong.
security community exploited, build resilience. mindset critical for community and for news.
but it is a particular kind of mindset for certain people and not for other.
building the right structures to allow people to imagine a future that is amazing, and imagine all the things that can go wrong is a really hard organizational challenge.
But I also want to point out this is a point of Institutional friction: putting that in is hard.
the cultural wars as we look at them, we don't like to find the hard ways through, we like to find all the things we can blame the things we can fixed. Technology.
I argue this is rooted in epistmeoligcal fragmentation.
Differences between how people build knowledge is fragmenting the social fabric of this country.
most visible right now about political debates about access to information.

They no longer know each other, no bridges to realize they're different.
some people focus on substitute .
I focus on the structure of local news.
local news contextualized international news. conceptual connection.
anchored epistopmoisgal difference. allowed ways to see the world differently. [BOSTON!]
ethnic, tremendous community service.

tech know

epistomiy is societal project
Countries have continually struggled over
humanizing and building those connection in local fabric to build it up as a whole.
military is a social project itself.

not just building networks of the same kind
resilience is having networks of people you can turn too. knit people together.
commitment to national service: stragecially built to build network.
not just militaristic project, build people difference put them together.
that's what it means to think about diversity.
danahboyd  knightfdn  fakenews  bias  diversity  epistemology  usa  journalism 
5 days ago by thadk
Why we should all spend more time looking at maps – Ben Freeland – Medium
For most North Americans, the southern hemisphere is a very remote concept — basically that place where Australia is. But in my case the southern hemisphere is where I went to bed at night. With the Cape of Good Hope at the head of my bed and my reading lamp situated off the east coast of Madagascar, I spent countless hours memorizing the contours of the east coast of Africa, with place names like Mogadishu, Mombasa, Zanzibar, and Maputo becoming as familiar as the names in the Toronto Blue Jays batting lineup. Above my head stretched the deep, wide Indian Ocean. The grand statement of India, adorned with the jewels of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and the Andaman Islands, were typically the last things I saw at night before I turned off the light.

By contrast, the desk where I did my homework was situated directly underneath East Asia. While it’s hard to say how much my future academic interest in Japan, China, and Southeast Asia was rooted in the fact that these countries stared directly over me as I did my homework as a child, it’s an uncanny parallel. By age 10 I knew what all of Japan’s main islands were and had memorized much of the geography of the Philippines and Indonesia. Java was long a place in my mind before it was synonymous with coffee, and when I started hearing news broadcasts about the downfall of the Marcos dictatorship in the Philippines, I knew exactly where that was — and imagined all the protesters in Manila and elsewhere seething in the land that lurked directly above my head as I procrastinated on math homework.
globes  mapping  geography  epistemology  global_south 
8 days ago by shannon_mattern
A Brief History of Facts | History Today
The rise of ‘the fact’ during the 17th century came at the expense of the power of authority. Could the digital age reverse how we decide what is true and what is not? 
fact  truth  epistemology  theaetetus 
23 days ago by telemachus

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