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The Ethics of Zär'a Ya'eqob: A reply to the historical and religious ... - Kidane Dawit Worku - Google Böcker
Zar'a Ya'eqob (1599-1699) was born in Aksum, Ethiopia. His Treatise is filled with a critique of what he perceivesas man-made religious laws. His ethics put reason at the centre of every investigation and makes it the measure of the validity of any doctrine or belief. For him the light of reasonis the decisive and powerful way to discover the truth. In his judgement, the religions of his time falsely preach that each of their tenets alone are the right and true ones, and base their beliefs as much on revelation as on reason. He underlines, however, on the singularity of truth: As my faith seems true to me so does the other believe that his religion is true to him. But truth is only one. He raised questions like: If God is their Creator why did the nature of human beings become so corrupted? Why is God silent while men do evil in His name, persecute their neighbours, and kill their brothers? These interrogatives demonstrate his intention to look for a response to the ethical question: What constitutes a complete, meaningful and ethical life? Zar'a Ya'eqob's call is that people may return to the original purity of religion and the acceptance of nature as created by God; hence his ethical principle: the goodness of the created nature. His ethics propagate non-violence and hold a moral guideline in seeking to live in harmony with creation because both creation and its Creator are good.
ethics  17th_cent  ethiopia  ethiopian_orthodox 
1 hour ago by benjekman
Association for Computing Machinery Code of Ethics
“Computing professionals' actions change the world. To act responsibly, they should reflect upon the wider impacts of their work, consistently supporting the public good. The ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct ("the Code") expresses the conscience of the profession.”
code  update  profession  acm  up-to-us  ethics  framework  research  professional 
11 hours ago by danhon
This company is giving away face recognition software to K-12 schools - MIT Technology Review
"RealNetworks launched a website today that allows schools in North America to download and implement its facial recognition software for free." - yes, that RealNetworks.
realnetworks  facialrecognition  policy  education  ethics 
12 hours ago by danhon
Supreme Court Closes in on Regulation of “Professional Speech” | Socially Awkward
Implication 2:  More interesting is the Court’s handling of “professional speech.” This category of expression is one of the few remaining holes in First Amendment jurisprudence. Despite the widespread regulation of professional speech (and consider that UPL restrictions are nothing more than a form of speech regulation), there are NO Supreme Court cases addressing how such speech can be regulated. 4 In NIFLA, the Ninth Circuit found that the notices at issue  were professional speech, and – apparently finding a new category of speech regulation – determined that such regulation must meet intermediate scrutiny.

The Supreme Court, however, wasn’t having it:

“But this Court has not recognized “professional speech” as a separate category of speech. Speech is not unprotected merely because it is uttered by “professionals.” This Court has “been reluctant to mark off new categories of speech for diminished constitutional protection.” [citations omitted]. And it has been especially reluctant to “exemp[t] a category of speech from the normal prohibition on content-based restrictions.” United States v. Alvarez, 567 U. S. 709, 722 (2012) (plurality opinion).

. . . In sum, neither California nor the Ninth Circuit has identified a persuasive reason for treating professional speech as a unique category that is exempt from ordinary First Amendment principles. We do not foreclose the possibility that some such reason exists. We need not do so because the licensed notice cannot survive even intermediate scrutiny.”

While it’s a little disappointing the Court didn’t go so far as to say “there is no First Amendment exception for professional speech,” this decision should make clear that professional speech regulation is at least subject to intermediate scrutiny. For the Bars, it’s yet another reminder of the pressing need for a more orderly, open, evidence-based, and – dare I say it? – professional regulatory process to ensure this standard can be met.
ethics 
15 hours ago by JordanFurlong
Our manifesto – The ODI
Our six manifesto points will help us to achieve our vision: we want people, organisations and communities to use data to make better decisions and be protected from any harmful impacts
infrastructure  ethics  manifesto  odi  up-to-us  innovation  equity  research  data  engagement  strategy  capability 
18 hours ago by danhon
Conversing Ethics in India’s News Media: A capabilities approach to journalism ethics education and training: Journalism Practice: Vol 0, No 0
This paper identifies the significant ethical challenges expressed by journalists and editors working in media companies in the city of Hyderabad, India. Keeping those dilemmas and challenges in mind, the authors propose economist and Noble laureate Amartya Sen’s capabilities approach as a theoretical outline for the development of future journalism ethics curricula. The major challenges described by the journalists and editors were cross-media ownership, which fosters a political economy focused on revenue generation rather than journalism for public good; problems with the publication of inaccurate information, which are now precipitated by the omnipresence of social media; and a culture of “democratic deficit” where journalists find it increasingly difficult to practice journalism safely and to report about poverty, corruption, crime, environment, caste, and gender. The specific knowledge systems from Sen’s capabilities approach suggested for integration are the study and coverage of injustices in a democratic society; the focus on whether people have flourishing lives that give them the opportunities, freedoms, and choices they need; and economic and political freedoms that give journalists an understanding and appreciation for reporting on inequality and strengthening democratic institutions.
ethics  india  Research 
20 hours ago by paulbradshaw
“We Don’t Cover Suicide … (Except When We Do Cover Suicide)”: A case study in the production of news: Journalism Studies: Vol 19, No 10
Unlike many other unnatural deaths, suicides are occurrences that journalists often hesitate to cover. “Our policy is not to write about suicides,” many journalists say. Except that often they do. This article, based on interviews with 50 US journalists, examines the rationales that journalists invoke as they decide whether to cover a suicide. This can be a high-risk decision because of the potential for suicide contagion and copycat effects. We conclude that in making a decision to cover a suicide, journalists go through a process of routinizing what, at the outset, they had considered an exceptional situation. This routinization provides a means to rationalize covering a death that they often say they would prefer to ignore.
Research  suicide  mentalhealth  ethics 
20 hours ago by paulbradshaw

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