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How social media took us from Tahrir Square to Donald Trump - MIT Technology Review
The way forward is not to cultivate nostalgia for the old-world information gatekeepers or for the idealism of the Arab Spring. It’s to figure out how our institutions, our checks and balances, and our societal safeguards should function in the 21st century—not just for digital technologies but for politics and the economy in general. This responsibility isn’t on Russia, or solely on Facebook or Google or Twitter. It’s on us.
politics  technology  tech  capitalism  democracy  fake-news  facebook  google  twitter  activism 
yesterday by tarakc02
Michael Patrick Lynch: How to see past your own perspective and find truth | TED Talk
The more we read and watch online, the harder it becomes to tell the difference between what's real and what's fake. It's as if we know more but understand less, says philosopher Michael Patrick Lynch. In this talk, he dares us to take active steps to burst our filter bubbles and participate in the common reality that actually underpins everything.
echo-chamber  fake-news  filter-bubble  humility  ted  video 
5 days ago by kogakure
Why Do People Share Fake News? A Sociotechnical Model of Media Effects – Georgetown Law Technology Review
Verrit, like Snopes, Politifact, and a host of other fact-checking sites, reflect fundamental misunderstandings about how information circulates online, what function political information plays in social contexts, and how and why people change their political opinions. Fact-checking is in many ways a response to the rapidly changing norms and practices of journalism, news gathering, and public debate. In other words, fact-checking best resembles a movement for reform within journalism, particularly in a moment when many journalists and members of the public believe that news coverage of the 2016 election contributed to the loss of Hillary Clinton.
journalism  fake-news 
5 days ago by jomc
In this grim age of Trump and Brexit, online fury is a dead end for the left | John Harris | Opinion | The Guardian
In this grim age of Trump and Brexit, online fury is a dead end for the left | John Harris
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/23/online-fury-the-left-social-media-dead-end-progressives-trump-brexit

“It is no accident that as the war of online shouting escalates, the world is being menaced by a gang of political players – from Trump and his former lieutenant Steve Bannon, to Nigel Farage and the irksome Brexit donor Arron Banks – whose shared project seemingly amounts to an attempt to explode the internet on a daily basis and thereby nullify meaning, sow mistrust and break as many things as possible, in the vague hope that some kind of nationalistic, small-state future might rise from the rubble.

But perhaps the biggest winner is what some people call neoliberalism, which can grind away even in its currently weakened state, while its supposed opponents are locked into a politics in which a handful of online factions – to pick a few at random, the “FBPE” crowd (it stands for “Follow back, pro-EU”), Brexiteers, the Corbynite left, irate centrists who seem to want it to be 1997 again – engage in loud combat, to no obvious end.”
brexit  alt-right  fascism  fake-news  digital-culture 
12 days ago by craigryan
First Draft News
"First Draft, a project of the Shorenstein Center, fights mis- and disinformation through fieldwork, research and education."
academic-center  journalism  post-truth  fake-news  misinformation  disinformation  media  media-studies 
19 days ago by tsuomela
When a Stranger Decides to Destroy Your Life
The story was re-posted on other sites, including one called BadBizReport.is where it has been viewed over 95,000 times. It quickly became the top search result for Glennon’s name on Google. Within a year, Glennon was experiencing the repercussions: Her number of listings dropped by half. She estimates that she’s lost $200,000 in business since 2015...It’s protected by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which protects websites from being sued for the things their users say...there is no delete button, not to mention the copies of the post that appeared on other sites.
fake-news  doxing  facebook  harassment  mob  230  content 
21 days ago by jomc
Third-person effect - Wikipedia
The Third-person effect [1] hypothesis predicts that people tend to perceive that mass media messages have a greater effect on others than on themselves, based on personal biases. The Third-person effect manifests itself through an individual’s overestimation of the effect of a mass communicated message on the generalized other, or an underestimation of the effect of a mass communicated message on themselves.
media  bias  fake-news 
25 days ago by jomc
How my research on DNA ancestry tests became "fake news"
I was not surprised to see our research twisted by fake news and satire websites. Conspiracy theories are meant to be just as entertaining as they are convincing. They also provide a way out of confronting reality and reckoning with facts that don’t confirm preexisting worldviews. For white nationalists and racists, if test results showed traces of African American or Jewish ancestry, either the tests did not work, or the results were planted by some ideologically motivated scientists, or the tests were part of a global war against whites. With conspiracy theories, debunking is rarely useful because the individual is often searching for an interpretation that confirms their prior beliefs.

As such, DNA conspiracy theories allow white supremacists to plan new escape routes for the traps they laid for themselves long ago. With DNA testing, the one-drop rule—a belief made law in the 1900s that one drop of African blood makes one Black—becomes transmuted genealogically into the one-percent rule, according to which to remain racially white, an individual’s results must show no sign of African or Jewish origin. Through the genealogical lens, American white nationalists consider “one hundred percent European” as good results, which in turn substantiates their “birth right” to the United States as a marker of heredity and conquest.
racism  science  fake-news  conspiracy  genealogy  dna  dna-testing 
5 weeks ago by jm

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