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Unreal News — Real Life
The role of The Onion in the Trump era.
news  journalism  satire  trump  internet 
1 hour ago by pozorvlak
Whatever happened to the Semantic Web? • Two Bit History
Sinclair Target:
<p>the Semantic Web we were promised has yet to be delivered. In 2018, we have “agents” like Siri that can do certain tasks for us. But Siri can only do what it can because engineers at Apple have manually hooked it up to a medley of web services each capable of answering only a narrow category of questions. An important consequence is that, without being large and important enough for Apple to care, you cannot advertise your services directly to Siri from your own website. Unlike the physical therapists that Berners-Lee and his co-authors imagined would be able to hang out their shingles on the web, today we are stuck with giant, centralized repositories of information. Today’s physical therapists must enter information about their practice into Google or Yelp, because those are the only services that the smartphone agents know how to use and the only ones human beings will bother to check. The key difference between our current reality and the promised Semantic future is best captured by this throwaway aside in the excerpt above: “…appointment times (supplied by the agents of individual providers through their Web sites)…”

In fact, over the last decade, the web has not only failed to become the Semantic Web but also threatened to recede as an idea altogether. We now hardly ever talk about “the web” and instead talk about “the internet,” which as of 2016 has become such a common term that newspapers no longer capitalize it. (To be fair, they stopped capitalizing “web” too.) Some might still protest that the web and the internet are two different things, but the distinction gets less clear all the time. The web we have today is slowly becoming a glorified app store, just the easiest way among many to download software that communicates with distant servers using closed protocols and schemas, making it functionally identical to the software ecosystem that existed before the web. How did we get here?</p>
semantic  web  history  internet 
4 hours ago by charlesarthur
Точка добавила негативную окраску коротким сообщениям
Стандартные знаки препинания, такие как точки, могут негативно окрашивать короткие текстовые сообщения. Это выяснили американские ученые, которые попросили студентов оценить окраску коротких текстовых диалогов. Статья опубликована в журнале Computers in Human Behavior.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563217306192?via%3Dihub

В отличие от привычной беседы вживую, в которой эмоции могут быть выражены с помощью интонации, жестов или выражения лица, в текстовом общении передача эмоционального контекста осложняется отсутствием таких дополнительных невербальных средств. Эмоциональная часть общения, конечно, может быть передана при помощи эмодзи, дополнительных знаков препинания (например, !!! вместо !) или повышения регистра (например, ВОТ ТАК). Несмотря на это, не все подобные средства могут быть правильно интерпретированы: например, отсутствие знаков препинания не всегда говорит о неграмотности, а точка в конце предложения может быть расценена как сигнал о том, что собеседник не настроен на дружеское общение.

Ученые выяснили, что точка в конце короткого ответа на предложение или вопрос делает его существенно (p < 0,001) более резким и негативным, причем даже в том случае, если он уже негативно окрашен.

На основании полученных данных авторы делают вывод, что функции точки (и других знаков препинания) в текстовой коммуникации скорее семантические, чем грамматические (как в обычных письменных текстах), и могут служить невербальными средствами коммуникации при текстовом общении.
internet  twitter  emoji  funny  fact  punctuation 
8 hours ago by some_hren
The World of Color. Text and Background.
Long ago were the times when all pages on the Web relied on the default gray background color (#C0C0C0) of Mosaic and Netscape Navigator. Now the prevalent color combination uses white background and default browser colors for text (black) and links (in Netscape, blue #0000FF).
history  browser  internet  color 
10 hours ago by mikael
The Copenhagen Letter, 2017
To everyone
who shapes technology today

We live in a world where technology is consuming society, ethics, and our core existence.

It is time to take responsibility for the world we are creating. Time to put humans before business. Time to replace the empty rhetoric of “building a better world” with a commitment to real action. It is time to organize, and to hold each other accountable.

Tech is not above us. It should be governed by all of us, by our democratic institutions. It should play by the rules of our societies. It should serve our needs, both individual and collective, as much as our wants.

Progress is more than innovation. We are builders at heart. Let us create a new Renaissance. We will open and nourish honest public conversation about the power of technology. We are ready to serve our societies. We will apply the means at our disposal to move our societies and their institutions forward.

Let us build from trust. Let us build for true transparency. We need digital citizens, not mere consumers. We all depend on transparency to understand how technology shapes us, which data we share, and who has access to it. Treating each other as commodities from which to extract maximum economic value is bad, not only for society as a complex, interconnected whole but for each and every one of us.

Design open to scrutiny. We must encourage a continuous, public, and critical reflection on our definition of success as it defines how we build and design for others. We must seek to design with those for whom we are designing. We will not tolerate design for addiction, deception, or control. We must design tools that we would love our loved ones to use. We must question our intent and listen to our hearts.

Let us move from human-centered design to humanity-centered design.
We are a community that exerts great influence. We must protect and nurture the potential to do good with it. We must do this with attention to inequality, with humility, and with love. In the end, our reward will be to know that we have done everything in our power to leave our garden patch a little greener than we found it.

We who have signed this letter will hold ourselves and each other accountable for putting these ideas into practice. That is our commitment.
design  ethics  internet  technology 
12 hours ago by archangel
Broken Links: The Internet Show - Art in America
They tell us that they examine, focus, and probe, yet they stop at the benign observation that the internet has changed the way we live without getting into the specifics of how.
netart  internet  shows  History  critique 
15 hours ago by osfa
Notes on some artefacts | The Monthly
The former-NBA star Dennis Rodman being sent to North Korea to “assist” in the peninsula peace talks, his fare paid for by a cannabis-backed cryptocurrency. That’s an artefact.
internet  politics  material 
15 hours ago by osfa

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