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Keto and Cancer: Where Do We Stand? | Mark's Daily Apple
Ideas for using ketogenic diet to improve treatment outcomes for many kinds of cancer
ketosis  cancer  research  chemotherapy  Q4  2019  diabetes  food  primal  paleo  treatment  prevention 
2 days ago by csrollyson
What is Mediterranean Keto? | Mark's Daily Apple
Interesting #study on fish-heavy #paleo diet with obese pre-diabetic participants, fantastic results
diet  ketosis  mediterranean  study  health  comparison  primal  paleo  behavior  results  biomarker  Q3  2019  fish  evoo  meat 
11 weeks ago by csrollyson
Dietary carbohydrate intake and mortality: a prospective cohort study and meta-analysis - The Lancet Public Health
We studied 15 428 adults aged 45–64 years, in four US communities, who completed a dietary questionnaire at enrolment in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study (between 1987 and 1989), and who did not report extreme caloric intake (<600 kcal or >4200 kcal per day for men and <500 kcal or >3600 kcal per day for women). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. We investigated the association between the percentage of energy from carbohydrate intake and all-cause mortality, accounting for possible non-linear relationships in this cohort. We further examined this association, combining ARIC data with data for carbohydrate intake reported from seven multinational prospective studies in a meta-analysis. Finally, we assessed whether the substitution of animal or plant sources of fat and protein for carbohydrate affected mortality.

Findings

....In the ARIC cohort, after multivariable adjustment, there was a U-shaped association between the percentage of energy consumed from carbohydrate (mean 48·9%, SD 9·4) and mortality: a percentage of 50–55% energy from carbohydrate was associated with the lowest risk of mortality. In the meta-analysis of all cohorts (432 179 participants), both low carbohydrate consumption (<40%) and high carbohydrate consumption (>70%) conferred greater mortality risk than did moderate intake, which was consistent with a U-shaped association (pooled hazard ratio 1·20, 95% CI 1·09–1·32 for low carbohydrate consumption; 1·23, 1·11–1·36 for high carbohydrate consumption). However, results varied by the source of macronutrients: mortality increased when carbohydrates were exchanged for animal-derived fat or protein (1·18, 1·08–1·29) and mortality decreased when the substitutions were plant-based (0·82, 0·78–0·87).

Interpretation

Both high and low percentages of carbohydrate diets were associated with increased mortality, with minimal risk observed at 50–55% carbohydrate intake. Low carbohydrate dietary patterns favouring animal-derived protein and fat sources, from sources such as lamb, beef, pork, and chicken, were associated with higher mortality, whereas those that favoured plant-derived protein and fat intake, from sources such as vegetables, nuts, peanut butter, and whole-grain breads, were associated with lower mortality, suggesting that the source of food notably modifies the association between carbohydrate intake and mortality.

Funding: National Institutes of Health.
whole  grain  carb  carbohydrates  low  fat  loss  guidelines  nutrition  food  foods  protein  macronutrients  proportion  ratio  ketogenic  diet  ketosis  risk  benefit  peer-reviewed  research  human  in  vivo  correlation  mortality  morbidity  all-cause  meta-analysis  animal  meat  plant-based  prospective  large  cohort 
may 2019 by Michael.Massing
What Foods Have No Carbs? | POPSUGAR Fitness
Kind of a clickbaity headline, but some good info with sources about the risks of extreme/prolonged ketogenic eating and the benefits of the right carbs for health and longevity.
whole  grain  carb  carbohydrates  low  fat  loss  guidelines  nutrition  food  foods  protein  macronutrients  proportion  ratio  ketogenic  diet  ketosis  risk  benefit  peer-reviewed  research  human  in  vivo 
may 2019 by Michael.Massing
The Definitive Guide To What Breaks a Fast | Mark's Daily Apple
Might be called "the cheater's guide to #fasting" as Mark reviews readers' common "exceptions" while #IFing (coffee, sweeteners..) #paleo + good links
fasting  HGH  ketosis  autophagy  howto  food  paleo  primal  intermittent  exception  list  reference  drink  coffee  tea  product 
april 2019 by csrollyson

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