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RT : If you are thinking about & - here's an article I read on situation that seems similar. (Note - I t…
ToysRUS  LBOs  from twitter
march 2018 by azadag
Toys ‘R’ Us Case Is Test of Private Equity in Age of Amazon
MARCH 15, 2018 | The New York Times | By MICHAEL CORKERY.

The reality is that Toys “R” Us, which announced on Thursday that it would shutter or sell all of its stores in the United States, never had much chance at a turnaround.

For over a decade, Toys “R” Us had been drowning in $5 billion of debt, which its private equity backers had saddled it with. With debt payments siphoning off cash every year, Toys “R” Us could not properly invest in its worn-out suburban stores or outdated website. Sales plummeted, as Amazon captured more children’s desires — and their parents’ wallets — for Star Wars Legos and Paw Patrol recycling trucks.

Toys “R” Us is the latest failure of financial engineering, albeit one that could portend a potentially more ominous outlook for private equity in the digital era.....Most buyouts tend to work the same way. A private equity firm takes over a troubled company with the goal of sprucing up the strategy, cutting costs and overhauling the business over three or five years. But they often load up a company with debt to pay for the deal, which can prove problematic if the profits do not perk up.

In the age of Amazon, that formula can be dangerous. Consumer demands are changing so quickly that heavily indebted companies have trouble reordering their business to adapt and compete with better-funded rivals...... the deterioration of Toys “R” Us from a potential turnaround strategy to the end of an iconic brand — in a matter of months — shows just how difficult it can be for private equity to compete in a rapidly evolving industry. In retailing, Amazon is reordering everything on the store shelf. And children’s changing interest in games and toys, which now encompasses high-end electronics, adds to the complexity.....Enter Amazon. In recent years, the company had started to aggressively expand its toy business, creating a comprehensive, online showroom with low prices at the click of a button. Pressed by Amazon, Walmart also pushed hard into toys, dropping its prices to capture more market share.

Walmart could absorb the price cuts on toys because it makes up the profit on other items. But for Toys “R” Us, a price war on toys and games, its only offerings, was devastating.
private_equity  bankruptcies  toys  digital_economy  Amazon  Wal-Mart  KKR  Bain_Capital  Toys_"R"_Us  financial_engineering  LBOs  buyouts  shifting_tastes  category_killers  price_wars 
march 2018 by jerryking
J.Crew’s Mickey Drexler Confesses: I Underestimated How Tech Would Upend Retail
By Khadeeja Safdar
Updated May 24, 2017

For decades, fashion was essentially a hit or miss business. Merchants like Mr. Drexler would make bets on what people would be wearing a year in advance, since that’s how long it took to design and produce items. Hits guaranteed handsome returns until the next season.

Now, competitors with high-tech, data-driven supply chains can copy styles faster and move them into stores in a matter of weeks. Online marketplaces drive down prices, and design details such as nicer buttons and richer colors are less apparent on the internet. Social media adds fuel to the style churn—consumers want a new outfit for every Instagram post. “The rules of the game have changed,” said Janet Kloppenburg, president of JJK Research, a retail-focused research firm. “It’s not just about product anymore. It’s also about speed and pricing.”

Mr. Drexler’s plan is to emphasize lower prices, pivot toward more digital marketing and adopt a more accessible image........Mr. Drexler didn’t appreciate how the quality of garments could easily get lost in a sea of options online, where prices drive decisions, or how social media would give rise to disposable fashion. Online, price has more impact than the sensory qualities of clothing. “You go into a store—I love this, I love this, I love this,” he said. “You go online and you just don’t get the same sense and feel of the goods because you’re looking at a picture.” and other algorithm-based websites can change prices by the hour based on demand, and the variety of options makes it easy to mix and match brands.

“The days of people wearing head-to-toe J.Crew are over,”......Today, with nearly two billion people using Facebook every month, he feels differently: “You cannot be successful without being obsessed with the product, obsessed with social media, and obsessed with digital,” he said. “Retail is now about all that.”

Mr. Drexler said he hasn’t given up on quality. Instead, he is now lowering prices on about 300 items and creating an analytics team dedicated to optimizing prices for each garment......TPG co-founder David Bonderman recently acknowledged J.Crew and its peers are struggling with declining mall traffic and the shift to online shopping. “The internet has proven much more resilient and much more important than most of us thought a decade ago,” he said at a conference earlier this month.
retailers  e-commerce  Mickey_Drexler  J.Crew  fashion  apparel  LBOs  private_equity  hits  copycats  social_media  Instagram  data_driven  supply_chains  Clayton_Christensen  disruption  brands  Old_Navy  Banana_Republic  Madewell  digital_influencers  TPG  fast-fashion  disposability 
may 2017 by jerryking
How Much Do Private Equity Funds Benefit From Debt-related Tax Shields? - Knauer - 2014 - Journal of Applied Corporate Finance - Wiley Online Library
In their recent study of 56 German LBOs transacted after the tax law change in 2008, the authors analyze the importance of debt-related tax savings and the economic consequences of their reduction for the PE business model. The study begins by confirming that LBO debt tax shields are a material component of LBO purchase prices, contributing as much as 20% of the average estimated total enterprise value. At the same time, however, the study finds that the effects on LBO fund returns of limits to the taxdeductibility of LBO interest payments are likely to be modest, in part because a large portion of the value from expected tax savings is effectively paid for upfront by the private equity firm in the form of higher LBO purchase prices.

Moreover, the authors do not expect to see LBO funds change their business model in response to this change in taxdeductibility. Based on their findings, the authors expect neither a significant decline in LBO leverage nor a notable change in the pricing of PE deals. As finance scholars have suggested, there are significant benefits associated with the use of debt that have nothing to do with the tax shield provided by the deductibility of interest. The authors' results provide yet another piece of evidence suggesting that taxes have at most a second-order effect on corporate financing decisions—and that the gains to private equity come mainly from improvements in operating performance.
tax  taxes  privateequity  lbo  lbos 
may 2015 by danieldl
Dell’s $24.4-billion bet on going private
Feb. 05 2013 | The Globe and Mail | OMAR EL AKKAD - TECHNOLOGY REPORTER
Omar_el_Akkad  Dell  LBOs  private_equity  delisting 
february 2013 by jerryking
Dell to Sell Itself for $24.4 Billion -
Michael_Dell  Dell  LBOs 
february 2013 by jerryking
Momentum Seems to Build for Gargantuan Buyout of Dell -
January 15, 2013, 1:38 pm 28 Comments
Momentum Seems to Build for Gargantuan Buyout of Dell
Dell  Silver_Lake  private_equity  LBOs 
january 2013 by jerryking
The Leveraged Buyout Manual: How to Buy Any Company with Other PeopIe‘s Money
Aug 1981 | Journal of Accountancy (pre-1986). New York: Vol. 152. lss. 000002; pg. 78, 1 pgs | by Barbara D Merino.
LBOs  buying_a_business 
january 2013 by jerryking
With a Strategy Called Leveraged Buyouts, You Can Get a Company for 10% Down
July 1983 |Canadian Business | by Donald Hunter.

Increasingly, employees are executing leveraged buyouts of their companies. Such was the case when the managers of Doran's Northern Ontario Breweries Ltd. bought their company 6 years ago from Carling O'Keefe Ltd. to run it themselves. They raised C$1.5 million in share capital and borrowed CS3 million from banks. In a leveraged buyout. the buyers put up only a small part of the selling price; the rest is ñnanced with loans secured by company assets. Leveraged buyouts are also popular among professionals and entrepreneurs looking for investment opportunities that require a minimum of cash. Candidate companies favored by banks for leveraged buyouts have valuable assets. good management, steady earnings` and little or no debt. Before engaging in a leveraged buyout. as many costs as possible and seek outside help in structuring the deal. The benefits of leveraged buyouts are a chance for good returns and the satisfaction of running one's own business.
LBOs  employee-owned  employees  employee_ownership  leverage  buyouts 
january 2013 by jerryking
How to Use a Lawyer in Buying or Selling a Company
December 1982 | The Journal of Buyouts & Acquisitions | By Betram K. Massing.

The lawyer for the buyer or seller in a private buyout or corporate acquisition is an important participant in the transaction. The lawyer's functions include: 1, counseling the client about the transaction. 2. advocating the client‘s position with the opposite party or in ancillary proceedings such as with government agencies. and 3. documenting and implementing the closing of the transaction. In counseling, the lawyer should call attention to potential risks and problems and suggest means of dealing with them. Tax implications, disposition of assets or shares, lenders' requirements, and the risk of latent liabilities are among the issues that arise early in an acquisitionA It is the cIient‘s responsibility to make decisions after being advised by the lawyer and to decide which points to compromise and which should be insisted upon. Clear communications between clients and lawyers and between buyers and sellers will make for a smoother transaction.
buying_a_business  selling_a_business  lawyers  howto  LBOs  mergers_&_acquisitions  M&A 
january 2013 by jerryking
Trends in Private Equity
Winter 2004 | Journal of Wealth Management | by Mark Anson
trends  private_equity  auctions  secondary_markets  LBOs  hedge_funds 
september 2012 by jerryking
`The Hottest Hand' In Dealmaking -
January 24, 1993 | Businessweek | Mark Maremont
deal-making  dealmakers  LBOs 
august 2012 by jerryking
Trends in private equity
Winter 2004 | Journal of Wealth Management | Mark Anson
trends  private_equity  LBOs  restructurings 
august 2012 by jerryking
How buyout auctions work
Mar 1, 2004 | European Venture Capital Private Equity Journal | by Lisa Bushrod.

The classic buyout auction works as a three-stage auction. In stage one the business is prepared for disposal and buyers are identified among trade and private equity firms. Then buyers are asked to come forward with a firmer bid and final offers are made. The final selection then takes place and in the third stage the final bidder works for a period of exclusivity, when the legal and financial due diligence takes place.
LBOs  auctions  howto 
august 2012 by jerryking

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