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Konica M-Hexanon 35 mm f/2,0 review test
il a exactement la meme taille à 1mm près qu'un 35mm summilux FLE ...
leica  lens  great  reference 
9 days ago by jcmasset
Jordan Peterson is Wrong About the Case for the Left
I suggest that the tension of which he speaks is fully formed and self-contained completely within conservatism. Balancing those two forces is, in fact, what conservatism is all about. Thomas Sowell, in A Conflict of Visions: Ideological Origins of Political Struggles describes the conservative outlook as (paraphrasing): “There are no solutions, only tradeoffs.”

The real tension is between balance on the right and imbalance on the left.

In Towards a Cognitive Theory of Polics in the online magazine Quillette I make the case that left and right are best understood as psychological profiles consisting of 1) cognitive style, and 2) moral matrix.

There are two predominant cognitive styles and two predominant moral matrices.

The two cognitive styles are described by Arthur Herman in his book The Cave and the Light: Plato Versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization, in which Plato and Aristotle serve as metaphors for them. These two quotes from the book summarize the two styles:

Despite their differences, Plato and Aristotle agreed on many things. They both stressed the importance of reason as our guide for understanding and shaping the world. Both believed that our physical world is shaped by certain eternal forms that are more real than matter. The difference was that Plato’s forms existed outside matter, whereas Aristotle’s forms were unrealizable without it. (p. 61)

The twentieth century’s greatest ideological conflicts do mark the violent unfolding of a Platonist versus Aristotelian view of what it means to be free and how reason and knowledge ultimately fit into our lives (p.539-540)

The Platonic cognitive style amounts to pure abstract reason, “unconstrained” by reality. It has no limiting principle. It is imbalanced. Aristotelian thinking also relies on reason, but it is “constrained” by empirical reality. It has a limiting principle. It is balanced.

The two moral matrices are described by Jonathan Haidt in his book The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Moral matrices are collections of moral foundations, which are psychological adaptations of social cognition created in us by hundreds of millions of years of natural selection as we evolved into the social animal. There are six moral foundations. They are:

Care/Harm
Fairness/Cheating
Liberty/Oppression
Loyalty/Betrayal
Authority/Subversion
Sanctity/Degradation
The first three moral foundations are called the “individualizing” foundations because they’re focused on the autonomy and well being of the individual person. The second three foundations are called the “binding” foundations because they’re focused on helping individuals form into cooperative groups.

One of the two predominant moral matrices relies almost entirely on the individualizing foundations, and of those mostly just care. It is all individualizing all the time. No balance. The other moral matrix relies on all of the moral foundations relatively equally; individualizing and binding in tension. Balanced.

The leftist psychological profile is made from the imbalanced Platonic cognitive style in combination with the first, imbalanced, moral matrix.

The conservative psychological profile is made from the balanced Aristotelian cognitive style in combination with the balanced moral matrix.

It is not true that the tension between left and right is a balance between the defense of the dispossessed and the defense of hierarchies.

It is true that the tension between left and right is between an imbalanced worldview unconstrained by empirical reality and a balanced worldview constrained by it.

A Venn Diagram of the two psychological profiles looks like this:
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15 days ago by nhaliday
Shop Lenses: iPhone, Pixel, and Galaxy camera phone lenses. | Moment
We make the best mobile lenses in the world for mobile photography. Our Wide, Tele, Superfish, and Macro lenses work on iPhone, Pixel, and Galaxy cameras,.
photos  iphone  macrolens  images  shooting  olloclip  wideanglelens  fisheyelens  lens 
17 days ago by ferdinandfuchs
iPhone Lenses - SANDMARC
Three Lenses. Three Perspectives. Macro, Wide & Fisheye.
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17 days ago by ferdinandfuchs
olloclip - the world's most-awarded mobile lens.
Want to know how to unlock mega zoom on your iPhone? That new Telephoto or Macro lens works great over iPhone X’s Telephoto camera! Your new olloclip lens system for iPhone X is equipped to work with a Telephoto or Macro lens
iphone  photos  macrolens  images  shooting  olloclip  fisheyelens  wideanglelens  lens 
17 days ago by ferdinandfuchs
What is Focus Shift? - Photography Life
When the lens is stopped down (the size of the aperture is decreased), light rays no longer reach the edge or the “periphery” of the lens and only the ones close to the optical axis make it through. As a result, the point of best focus with the circle of least confusion is moved to the right, as shown in the second illustration above. If focus is not re-adjusted after this change of aperture, it will shift the sharpest focus plane (hence the name “focus shift”) away from the lens, essentially moving it slightly behind the focused area. Imagine focusing on an eye, only to find out later that you ended up with a nose in focus instead, just because you changed camera aperture.

AF Fine Tune function in some advanced cameras like Nikon D7000 is not going to help, because it does not allow micro-adjusting focus for different apertures. If you adjust focus for a lens at f/2.8, focus will certainly shift at f/1.4 and vice-versa.

Anyway, here is the list of tricks or workarounds to reduce focus shift:

1) Use maximum aperture – take pictures at the maximum aperture and you won’t have to worry about focus shift. Might not be practical for most lenses, because they are soft wide open. See the next bullet point for an alternative solution.
2) AF Fine Tune optimal aperture – if your camera has the ability to fine tune autofocus, set your lens to its optimal aperture that you will be primarily using, then fine tune autofocus. You will then have to shoot at this optimized aperture all the time and stop down when needed. Using larger apertures will result in focus errors after this type of calibration.
3) Use a slower lens – if you want to avoid focus shift problems, use slower f/1.8-f/2.8 lenses that have much less issues with focus shift.
4) Stop down the lens – usually stopping down the lens to apertures smaller than f/2.8 will take care of the focus shift problem due to increased depth of field. Not very practical for fast aperture lenses, but will certainly take care of the problem.
5) Use Contrast Detect AF – not practical for most situations, because Contrast Detect AF is slow and requires the mirror to be raised up, blocking the viewfinder.
6) Use Manual Focus Lenses with Aperture Rings – a manual focus lens with an aperture ring will allow you to control the aperture from the lens, so you can stop it down before manually acquiring focus. You will have to reacquire focus every time you change aperture though.
focus  dof  focusshift  photography  reference  lens  autofocus  manualfocus  optics  science 
28 days ago by bwiese

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