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Is the 30 Million Word Gap a stat we should be using? - ALSC Blog
"The initiative was created in response to the Obama Administration’s 2014 call to increase early literacy initiatives to bridge the word gap. It uses the research that coined the 30 Million Word Gap as a talking point, and integrates newer research done by LENA or Dr. Dana Suskind, both of which use the “30 Million Word Gap” research as a framework for theirs. My colleague Claire Moore and I were curious about this statistic, and did some digging to learn more.

The “The Early Catastrophe: The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3” by University of Kansas researchers Betty Hart and Todd R. Risley was a 2003 article in American Educator (Spring: 4-9), which was an excerpt from their 1995 book Meaningful Differences in the Everyday Experiences of Young American Children. The research, although it has been used as a rallying cry in campaigns across the country (including Too Small to Fail, Thirty Million Words, and local initiatives), has been shown to have some disturbing issues."
literacy  poverty 
10 days ago by arsyed
Media Literacy: A Foundational Skill for Democracy in the 21st Century | Hastings Law Journal
The current focus on the validity, credibility, and trustworthiness of media and information is urgent and global. In the past ten to twenty years, the information landscape has fundamentally changed due to an exponential increase in access to information consumption and production. Meanwhile, the role of traditional filters and gatekeepers that monitor accuracy and balance has been substantially reduced. This transformation has given rise to an unprecedented power shift in the way information is produced, consumed, distributed, trusted, and valued. On one hand, empowered citizens can now learn, participate, share, and express themselves as never before. On the other, abuses such as unintended spread of misinformation, disinformation campaigns by malicious actors, and misuse of personal information have become rampant, and citizens must navigate a complex new media landscape without traditionally trusted resources. The challenge for democracies is to find ways to preserve the freedoms that come with more access to information while minimizing the threats that go along with them.
Modern education’s role in this is to enable students to live, learn, discern, and thrive in a diverse, global media culture, both online and offline. With content readily at hand, education must emphasize information process skills as central to teaching and learning. Media literacy offers empowerment through education and an opportunity to equip all citizens with the skills they need to become lifelong learners who are maximally prepared to navigate and leverage the power of media for their own benefit and that of others. Through media literacy education, students internalize process skillsheuristicsthat become automatic filtering systems to apply to any media content, anywhere, anytime. This approach is compatible with the mobility that most people enjoy through their mobile devices and enables citizens to be better informed participants in today’s media culture. Media literacy practices and pedagogy can be consistent, replicable, measurable and scalable globally, providing an evidence-based methodology for critical thinking, in both the consumption and production of media.
Media literacy provides a pathway to appropriate education for the 21st century. The time is now to prepare all citizens to be effective risk managers, efficient organizers of information, wise consumers, responsible content producers and active participants.
media  literacy  politics  gov2.0  news  fake_news  education 
12 days ago by rgl7194
Interview with David R. Olson | Revue Skhole.fr
Computing and computer science make up new medium of representation and, as I mentioned above, have changed our sciences and our economy. But few people learn to program, to write programs to carry out our projects, or to use computer technologies for other intellectual purposes. We benefit from the products of those who do but as yet there is no move to teach us to use computing in everyday life. On the other hand, we all talk and read and write. Perhaps there will be a day when writing programs is so easy that we will make a habit of doing it and of seeing outself as expressions of some program (like a Cyborg). It'll be a while.
literacy  computing_literacy 
24 days ago by tonyyet
The Toronto School of Communication: David R. Olson (1935 – ) | McLuhan Galaxy
“It is difficult to anticipate the cultural importance of a new technology. Clearly digitalization has opened up new and rapid modes of communication, linking people in new ways within existing communities and creating new ones– chat groups and so on. However, historically and culturally, the big transformations reflected the invention of writing systems, whatever their form, and the invention of print. The former was important because it gave permanence to the word, allowing and inviting people to look more carefully at language itself. So we got the invention of logic and more specialized forms of discourse including “scholarly” language. The second, printing, was important in that it altered readership dramatically, allowing everyone, or almost everyone, to become a participant in the discourse. As we say, it democratized literacy. So, what does digitalization add? Less to literacy, I suspect, than to economics, manufacturing, social planning (airline ticket bookings and the like). Literacy, as a matter of extending the uses of language, so far as I can tell, has not changed much”
literacy  orality 
24 days ago by tonyyet

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