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NYTimes: Talking to Boys the Way We Talk to Girls
Stereotypically macho messages limit children’s understanding of what it means to be a father, a man and a boy, as well.
gender  sociology  inequalities  from iphone
yesterday by oripsolob
The History Channel Is Finally Telling the Stunning Secret Story of the War on Drugs
“Most Americans would be utterly shocked if they knew the depth of involvement that the Central Intelligence Agency has had in the international drug trade.”

Next, New York University professor Christian Parenti tells viewers, “The CIA is from its very beginning collaborating with mafiosas who are involved in the drug trade because these mafiosas will serve the larger agenda of fighting communism.
history  sociology  mythology  prisons 
2 days ago by oripsolob
Supercommuters, skyrocketing commutes, and America’s affordable housing crisis
[R]ents in coastal cities such as Washington, D.C.; Boston; and San Francisco are high, but they’re usually matched by higher incomes, as well as greater access to affordable public transit, which lowers overall transportation costs. That lowers the overall cost burden when viewed as a percentage of total spending each month. Affordability and transport really become a weight on moderate- and low-income families in areas of rising housing costs, lower average incomes, and a dearth of accessible transportation.

Factoring in transportation costs can radically change affordability studies that only take housing into account. For instance, Losing Ground found that Houston was the eighth most affordable place to live out of the 25 cities studied in 2012 (the last year the survey was completed). When transportation in the sprawling city is factored in, Houston drops to 17th. The opposite happens with cities that offer more public transportation, such as New York and Chicago, which become more affordable when factoring in the cost of mobility and getting to work.

The weight of rising rents is forcing low-income Americans to live farther and farther from where they work, which in turn increases their transportation expenses.

There’s a pronounced racial dimension to the increase in commuting time: Brookings research found that as more lower-income urban Americans are pushed to suburban areas due to rising rents, the number of jobs near the typical Hispanic (17 percent decline) and black (14 percent decline) resident in major metro areas declined much more steeply than for white (6 percent decline).

Each additional mile adds up. According to data from the Metropolitan Policy Program for the Brookings Institution, the cost of commuting hits the working poor hardest. It currently takes up roughly 6 percent of their income, double that of high-income workers. For those driving alone—a larger and larger part of the U.S. workforce—the percentage rises to 8 to 9 percent.

Instead of spending billions to build new roads to exurbs and new developments on the fringes of big metro areas, invest hundreds of millions in building better school districts in lower-priced neighborhoods already connected to regional highway systems.

For those spending more time driving to work to reach the same destination, laying more roads for longer commutes isn’t the long-term answer.
housing  sociology  inequalities  class  race 
2 days ago by oripsolob

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