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African Americans are at higher risk of death from coronavirus - The Washington Post
A Post analysis of available data and census demographics shows that counties that are majority-black have three times the rate of infections and almost six times the rate of deaths as counties where white residents are in the majority.
race  inequalities  Health  sociology  design 
43 minutes ago by oripsolob
COVID-19 Racial Disparity: African Americans May End Up In Hospital More Often : Coronavirus Live Updates : NPR
Asked about the reports of health disparities and racial divide at a White House coronavirus task force briefing on Tuesday, Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institutes of Health said that African Americans do not seem more likely to be infected by coronavirus.

But he added that "underlying medical conditions, [including] diabetes, hypertension, obesity, [and] asthma" might make it more likely that African Americans are admitted to the ICU or die from the disease. "We really do need to address" the health disparities that exist in the U.S., Fauci said.
race  Health  inequalities  sociology  NPR 
44 minutes ago by oripsolob
Black Americans Face Alarming Rates of Coronavirus Infection in Some States - The New York Times
For many public health experts, the reasons behind the disparities are not difficult to explain, the result of longstanding structural inequalities. At a time when the authorities have advocated staying home as the best way to avoid the virus, black Americans disproportionately belong to part of the work force that does not have the luxury of working from home, experts said. That places them at high risk for contracting the highly infectious disease in transit or at work.
race  inequalities  Health  sociology  chicago 
45 minutes ago by oripsolob
Robert Gutman, sociologist devoted to the study of architecture, dies at age 81
Gutman’s background ranged from demography to psychoanalysis; his objects of study stretched from controversial buildings to housing policies. At Princeton, he taught “The Sociology of Contemporary Design” and “Theories of Housing and Urbanism.” His research was disseminated through frequent articles in leading architectural and scholarly journals, including Architecture, Progressive Architecture and Architectural Record.

He also summarized and focused his research in several books. The viewpoints in the collections of essays he edited, “Neighborhood, City and Metropolis” with David Popenoe of Rutgers University (Random House, 1970) and “People and Buildings” (Basic Books, 1972), explored the melding of sociology and architecture in the wake of the failures of modern architecture and planning, especially public housing, and the social upheaval of the late 1960s. “People and Buildings” quickly became a classic work in the field.

“The Design of American Housing” (Publishing Center for Cultural Resources, 1985) continued his concern with domestic architecture, looking at housing in its widest context, including architecturally undistinguished housing developments whose form was determined more by market forces than by architectural intent. A primary focus of the later part of his career was the study of the architectural profession. This research was summarized in “Architectural Practice: A Critical View” (Princeton Architectural Press, 1988), the standard book on the subject in architectural schools throughout the United States and in many other countries in the 1990s. A collection of essays from throughout his academic career is forthcoming from Princeton Architectural Press.
robertgutman  design  sociology  obituary  architecture 
7 hours ago by jarrettfuller
The Worst Possible People are in Charge at the Worst Possible Time | George Monbiot on Coronavirus - YouTube
Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.
essay  video  politics  economics  sociology 
yesterday by abclex
Psychological disaster myths in the perception and management of mass emergencies []
'...the myths “mass panic,” “civil disorder,” and “helplessness.” Respondents endorsed the first two myths. However, they rejected the myth of helplessness and endorsed the view that emergency crowds display resilience.... The practical implications of these findings are discussed.'
crisis  psychology  sociology  systems  government  grassroots 
5 days ago by johnabbe
Sex-segregated public restrooms: an outdated relic of Victorian paternalism.
Yet the law often takes the narrower view: Many states follow the guidelines laid out in the Uniform Plumbing Code, which stipulates that “separate toilet facilities shall be provided for each sex,” with exceptions for very small businesses as measured in square footage and/or customer traffic. In the eyes of the law in these places, a business with two unisex toilets can be considered to have no toilets at all, since neither facility explicitly serves men or women.

Such laws date back to 1887, according to Terry S. Kogan, a University of Utah law professor and a contributor to the book Toilet: Public Restrooms and the Politics of Sharing. One hundred and twenty-seven years ago, Massachusetts passed the first law mandating gender-segregated toilets, and many states quickly followed suit. Many of those laws have never been substantially modified, with obvious exceptions in progressive enclaves like D.C. and San Francisco, meaning that much of the United States’ toilet-related building codes reflect a literally Victorian prudishness that we might mock in other contexts.

These laws arose due to a confluence of several disparate contemporary movements, Kogan explains in Toilet. The centralization of labor in factories led to the centralization of human waste at work sites, which was carried away by recently developed plumbing technology that had itself been invented in response the newly realized germ theory of disease and the consequent sudden push to improve sanitation. Women’s growing presence in the factory workforce, and in public life more generally, triggered a paternalistic impulse to “protect” women from the full force of the world outside their homes, which manifested itself architecturally in a bizarro parallel world of spaces for women adjacent to but separate from men’s—ladies’ reading rooms at libraries, parlors at department stores, separate entrances at post offices and banks, and their own car on trains, intentionally placed at the very end so that male passengers could chivalrously bear the brunt in the event of a collision. The leap from parlors and reading rooms to ladies-only restrooms was not hard to make, although Kogan admits that “it is not at all obvious what led regulators to conclude that separating factory toilet facilities by sex would protect working women.” His research suggests that sex segregation was seen by regulators at the time as “a kind of cure-all” for the era’s social anxiety about working women.
architecture  sociology  feminism  culture  gender  history  trans 
6 days ago by rmohns

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