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1.1 copyright Gary McI. Boyd

1.2 8 Sept 1996

1.3 Note: -intended as a basis for Educational Cybersystemics

Educational cybersystemics is the application of cybersystemic science to the development of legitimated educative activities and artefacts

1.4 KEYWORDS: cybernetics, cultural_evolution, education, emergence, communication, control, information, memes, system_theory,


2.1 Evolutionary Cybersystemics-defined
yesterday by zryb
c++ - Why is the code in most STL implementations so convoluted? - Stack Overflow
A similar questions have been previously posed:

Is there a readable implementation of the STL

Why STL implementation is so unreadable? How C++ could have been improved here?


Neil Butterworth, now listed as "anon", provided a useful link in his answer to the SO question "Is there a readable implementation of the STL?". Quoting his answer there:

There is a book The C++ Standard Template Library, co-authored by the original STL designers Stepanov & Lee (together with P.J. Plauger and David Musser), which describes a possible implementation, complete with code - see

See also the other answers in that thread.

Anyway, most of the STL code (by STL I here mean the STL-like subset of the C++ standard library) is template code, and as such must be header-only, and since it's used in almost every program it pays to have that code as short as possible.

Thus, the natural trade-off point between conciseness and readability is much farther over on the conciseness end of the scale than with "normal" code.


About the variables names, library implementors must use "crazy" naming conventions, such as names starting with an underscore followed by an uppercase letter, because such names are reserved for them. They cannot use "normal" names, because those may have been redefined by a user macro.

Section "Global names" §1 states:

Certain sets of names and function signatures are always reserved to the implementation:

Each name that contains a double underscore or begins with an underscore followed by an uppercase letter is reserved to the implementation for any use.

Each name that begins with an underscore is reserved to the implementation for use as a name in the global namespace.

(Note that these rules forbid header guards like __MY_FILE_H which I have seen quite often.)


Implementations vary. libc++ for example, is much easier on the eyes. There's still a bit of underscore noise though. As others have noted, the leading underscores are unfortunately required. Here's the same function in libc++:
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2 days ago by nhaliday

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