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Kirk510620 : competition   67

We don’t need net neutrality; we need competition | Ars Technica
e study: The UK The UK is one of the markets that Level 3 explicitly named as competitive; as a Brit, it's also the one with which I am most familiar. The country's phone market was dominated by British Telecom (BT), the once publicly owned national phone company. To meet EU and UK competition demands, BT's infrastructure—in particular, the phone exchanges, last mile copper and fiber, and street cabinets—were placed into a division called Openreach. Another division, BT Wholesale, offers Internet services ranging from ADSL and ADSL2+ to FTTP on top of the OpenReach infrastructure. With these services, BT Wholesale leases to ISPs both the last mile connectivity (including the relevant hardware in the exchange) and the aggregated bandwidth from the phone exchange to one of 20 aggregation points around the UK. Each ISP leasing lines from BT is then responsible for connecting from these aggregation points to the Internet. This is where ISPs connect to the networks of companies like Level 3 and Cogent. BT Wholesale sells to a range of ISPs, including BT's own. Providers can also skip BT Wholesale and deal with Openreach directly. They can get direct access to the copper last mile, installing their own DSLAMs in phone exchanges and providing their own backbone infrastructure. For fiber customers, Openreach provides Ethernet connectivity within the exchange, again with the ISP providing its own backbone infrastructure. In this way, a range of competitive options is available. ISPs offer their own connectivity to the Internet itself, which means that BT isn't in a position to limit access to any particular Internet services, and ISPs can make their own decisions about, for example, the use of quality of service among their users. In my phone exchange, for example, I had a selection of eight different ISPs that installed their hardware directly onto the last mile (leasing directly from Openreach), along with something on the order of fifty to one hundred ISPs selling services backed by BT Wholesale's products. Prices ran
netneutrality  tech  uk  regulation  competition 
july 2014 by Kirk510620

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