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World Cup Stadiums Leave a Troubled Legacy in Brazil - The New York Times
on-World Cup stadium in Belo Horizonte. Advertisement Continue reading the main story Advertisement Continue reading the main story Bahia last month threatened to stop playing at the Arena Fonte Nova in Salvador in a dispute with the consortium running the new stadium over revenue. It agreed to keep playing after renegotiating the contract. The stadium that has profited the most this year in Brazil is Palmeiras’s Allianz Parque, which was not built for the World Cup. There were no financial incentives from the government to help build the arena, in contrast to arrangements for the World Cup stadiums. Palmeiras keeps all the money from attendance at soccer matches, while WTorre, which built and paid for the arena in São Paulo, receives most of the revenue from concerts and other events over 30 years. In April, two World Cup stadiums were virtually put up for sale. OAS announced it was selling its stake in the Arena Fonte Nova and in the Arena das Dunas, in Natal. OAS has been struggling after being linked to a corruption investigation at the nation’s state-run oil company, Petrobras. In the western city of Cuiabá, the Arena Pantanal was closed for emergency repairs this year after officials discovered structural problems. The stadium also is not finished as planned.
worldcup2014  brazil  stadium  spending  infrastructure  risk  sports  NYT 
september 2015 by Kirk510620
Water systems everywhere, a lot of pipes to fix | Brookings Institution
estment challenges. Perhaps surprisingly, one big challenge is simply the sheer number of systems. The United States has over 51,000 community water systems (CWS), which provide public water to more than 300 million people. That averages out to about 6,000 people per system, but few systems are average: 28,300 “very small” systems serve populations under 500; another 13,700 “small” systems serve 501 to 3,300 people; and 4,900 “medium” systems serve 3,301 to 10,000 people. As a result, the vast majority of public drinking water facilities serve a relatively small portion of America’s population. The remaining 4,200 “large” or “very large” CWS serve more than 246 million people, or 82 percent of the population, and tend to have the biggest impact on drinking water needs in the most productive markets. The country’s 100 largest metropolitan areas contain 2,449 of these 4,200 enormous community water systems, for an average of about 25 systems per market. When added to the thousands of smaller CWS, these systems form a complex web of public drinking water infrastructure that can lead to widespread governance challenges at a regional level.
BrookingsInstitution  water  infrastructure  cities 
september 2015 by Kirk510620
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