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LizFlyntz : women   63

How to not be called an 'angry woman': 7 ways to speak up
When men are rewarded for assertive behavior and women penalized for it, it's a harmful double standard.
women  assertive  confrontational  confront  anger  emotion  gender  sex  bias  stereotype 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
PsycNET Record Display - PsycNET
Across three complementary studies, results indicate that women report experiencing more incivility from other women than from men, with this effect being amplified for women who are more agentic at work.
gender  study  sociology  women  sex  incivility  aggression  confrontational  confront 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
The New Subtle Sexism Toward Women in the Workplace
“They’re out of line, breaking the rules, violating the ‘shoulds’ of gender stereotypes,” says Heilman. “The issue is not: are they that way or not that way. The issue is: men and women are probably behaving exactly the same but women are taking a hit.”
gender  sex  sexism  confrontation  bias  stereotypes  work  behavior  women  men 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
Work incivility: Women report more rudeness from other women
In fact, women report more rudeness from their female coworkers than male colleagues, a study recently published in the Journal of Applied Psychology found. Women who were assertive and outspoken were particularly vulnerable to incivility from other women, becoming targets of snarky comments, being ignored or excluded, or being treated disrespectfully.
women  feminism  confrontation  incivility  aggression  gender  sex  female  work  male 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
Perceiving and Confronting Sexism: The Causal Role of Gender Identity Salience
Despite egalitarian social norms in the contemporary United States, women are exposed to prejudiced attitudes and sexist treatment across a wide range of settings (Swim, Hyers, Cohen, & Ferguson, 2001). However, many women do not confront such sexist treatment in their environment (Kaiser & Miller, 2004; Swim & Hyers, 1999; Woodzicka & LaFrance, 2001). This reluctance to challenge discrimination has important psychological and social consequences. Confrontation has not only been linked to a sense of empowerment among women (Gervais, Hillard, & Vescio, 2010), but also can serve as an effective means for social change (Mallett & Wagner, 2011). To this end, researchers have worked to understand the various factors that affect how women and other stigmatized individuals weigh the potential costs and benefits of confronting prejudice (for reviews, see Ashburn-Nardo, Morris, & Goodwin, 2008; Kaiser & Major, 2006). In the present research, we focused on the role of one such factor, the salience of personal versus gender (group) identity, and examined its causal impact on women’s confrontation of a sexist comment in the context of a computer-mediated interaction.
confrontation  confrontational  women  gender  sex  discrimination  bias  perception  feminism  sexism 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
SPSSI Journals
This research examines male and female perceivers’ reactions to a female target who (1) confronted sexism nonaggressively, (2) confronted sexism aggressively (by slapping the perpetrator), or (3) did not confront sexism. Results (N = 152) indicated that, overall, both women and men responded most favorably to the female target who confronted nonaggressively. Nonaggressive confrontation was perceived as relatively unthreatening for women and relatively threatening for men, whereas the remaining responses were all perceived as threatening for women. Results were further moderated by participants’ a priori levels of gender identification: women who were weakly identified with their gender and men who were highly identified with their gender were less supportive of aggressive confrontations. Implications regarding the optimal way to confront sexism are discussed.
confrontation  gender  sexism  aggression  women  confront  female  sex  research  study  bias 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
Promoting concern about gender bias with evidence-based confrontation - ScienceDirect
Confrontation can be a powerful tool for raising people's awareness of their proneness to subtle but consequential biases, thereby highlighting discrepancies between personal values and actual behaviors (Czopp et al., 2006, Rokeach, 1973). Confrontation also communicates that bias is unacceptable, which establishes situational norms opposing bias (Paluck, 2011). Thus, when people are confronted about things they have said or done that are biased, they experience self-reflective negative affect (e.g., disappointed with the self and guilt), become more concerned about their biases, and reduce subsequent biased responding (Czopp et al., 2006, Czopp and Monteith, 2003, Gulker et al., 2013).
confrontation  feminism  feminist  bias  women  gender  confront  race  sexism 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
How #MeToo revealed the central rift within feminism today | News | The Guardian
This is a common, but still very strange belief: that the epitome of maturity and personal strength is the resigned acceptance that the world cannot be better than it is, that we cannot be kinder to one another, that male entitlement, crassness and predation are permanent and unchangeable and must be endured. It is a bizarre conception of strength, one that dismisses as childish weakness any demand for a better world, any hope that things might one day be different. There is a way of thinking that makes this approach by the anti-#MeToo feminists seem strong and pragmatic. But there is another way of thinking that makes it seem very sad.
confrontation  feminism  confrontational  policing  feminist  women  pragmatic 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
Confrontation? | feministkilljoys
Of course people of colour are often used as evidence; we appear in their brochures so they can appear diverse. And we are supposed to smile. Just by not smiling we are perceived as being too confrontational. Or to use certain words, words such as racism, whiteness, white supremacy, can mean being heard as confrontational and as intent on causing damage. In fact you don’t have to say or to do anything to be judged as confrontational. To be a person of colour in white institutions is to become “the race person”: you are always given this assignment. Confrontation can then be how you are received; you can be heard as confrontational, whatever you do or say, because of what you bring up by turning up. You have to try hard not to appear confrontational when that is how you already appear: diversity work can be the work you have to do to counter how you appear.
confrontation  feminism  confrontational  institutions  POC  women  smile  whiteness 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz
The Gendering of Emotions Could Be Linked to Rates of Anxiety - Tonic
There are some smaller hormonal differences between genders that could act as catalysts for anxious behavior. There is evidence that estrogen and progesterone can modulate neurotransmission in a way that would enable obsessive-compulsive thoughts. Also, in men, the neurons that process stress and comfort-related hormones secrete a protein that nixes the anxiety-inducing effect of the stress-related hormone corticotropin. Mysteriously, women’s brains do not, although these neurological systems are anatomically similar.
mood  psychology  brain  emotion  gender  sex  hormones  estradiol  estrogen  testosterone  anxiety  depression  women  brains  OCD 
october 2018 by LizFlyntz

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