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Yurok Tribe Reacquires 50,000 Acres of Forest - Native Business Magazine
For decades, the Yurok Tribe witnessed the degradation of their ancestral territory. Their solution to protect one of the most biologically rich areas on Earth? To own it.

The Tribe has purchased approximately 50,000 acres of forest surrounding four salmon sustaining streams, including Blue Creek, the lifeline of the Klamath River. The acquisition contributes to the Yurok Tribe’s efforts to increase resiliency to climate change through carbon sequestration and sustainable forest management.
Yurok  land  purchase  protect  California  Native_American 
7 weeks ago by Quercki
Forest management company returns 50,000 acres of land to Yurok Tribe | KRCR
KLAMATH, Calif. — Green Diamond and Western Rivers Conservancy have agreed to return tens of thousands of acres of ancestral lands to the Yurok Tribe.

On Monday, Aug. 19, the Yurok Tribe, Green Diamond Resource Company and Western Rivers Conservancy will celebrate a decade-long, hard-won effort to preserve and place into tribal ownership approximately 50,000 acres of forest surrounding four salmon sustaining streams, including Blue Creek, according to tribal leaders.

“It is a good day for the Yurok people,” Joseph L. James, the Chairman of the Yurok Tribe said. “On behalf of the Yurok Tribe, I would like thank Green Diamond and Western Rivers for assisting us in the reacquisition of a significant part of our ancestral territory and putting us in a position to permanently protect the Blue Creek watershed, which is the crown jewel of the Klamath River. These organizations have stood by us every step of the way during this 10-year project.”

A celebration will be held Monday, Aug. 19 at 10 a.m. at the Yurok Headquarters at 190 Klamath Blvd.
Native_American  California  Yurok  land 
8 weeks ago by Quercki
A Good News Budget
To help communities respond to our homeless and housing crisis, the budget includes $2.4 billion in funds that will go to cities, counties, and community-based organizations to build new affordable housing, expand homeless services, and provide rental and legal assistance to people struggling to stay in their homes.

For schools, the 2019-20 budget contains much higher per pupil funding to put more money into our classrooms, pays down school pension debt, and reduces the pension contribution individual school districts have to make.

Funding in the budget will also help middle-class Californians cover their health care costs. And California families additionally benefit with two more weeks of paid family leave time, more funding for childcare and preschool, and no more sales tax on diapers and tampons.

Here are some additional highlights:

Boosts funding for higher education so that 15,000 more CA students can attend UC and CSU.
Increases per pupil funding for our K-12 schools to highest levels in state history.
Provides more school districts with funds for full-day kindergarten.
Supports 0-4 early care and education with funding to expand childcare facilities, improve affordability, and support workforce development for childcare providers.
2019  CA  budget  Nancy_Skinner  California 
july 2019 by Quercki
Assembly Bill 392 will save lives | The Sacramento Bee
Change tends to happen incrementally in the Capitol. People spend years fighting for reforms. They get knocked down. They get back up. They come back year after year, decade after decade.

The question is not whether you win quickly and absolutely. The question is whether you keep working for change. It took only two years for supporters of reform to overcome powerful opposition and make AB 392 a reality. That’s impressive.
police  deadly  force  legislation  California 
june 2019 by Quercki
California abolishes cash bail, aiming to treat rich and poor defendants equally - The Washington Post
California has moved further than any state in seeking to remove money as a factor in who can remain free before trial, an element of the justice system that civil rights groups say is among the most harmful to the poor and people of color.

By October 2019, a system to assess the public safety and flight risk of a criminal defendant is scheduled to be in place, eliminating the commercial bail industry and adding thousands of state jobs at an estimated cost of $200 million a year. It is similar to one adopted by the District of Columbia, which has not abolished bail but rarely imposes it.

The law’s intent is to have far fewer people behind bars awaiting trial, easing incarceration costs and notorious overcrowding in local jails. At $50,000, the median bail in California is by far the highest in the nation. Nearly two-thirds of Los Angeles County’s jail inmates are awaiting trial, many of them unable to afford the cost of bail.
bail  California  jail 
may 2019 by Quercki
Vanishing Violence: Tracking California’s remarkable collapse in youth crime
Possible reasons include a decline of lead poisoning in children, which reduced the toxic effects on young brains, and pivotal shifts in the street drug trade, including diminishing demand for crack cocaine and strict laws that sent dealers who might recruit young people away for decades.

In San Francisco, said Gascón, prosecutors moved away from incarcerating children for low-level offenses like truancy or petty theft as research showed that even one stint in juvenile hall led to a higher likelihood of recidivism.

“We recognized that actually institutionalizing people, especially young people for low-level offenses, actually has the reverse impact,” Gascón said. “It doesn’t deter them.”

The transition from a lock-’em-up mentality toward home- or community-based alterna
juvenile  deliquent  crime  prison  california  drop 
march 2019 by Quercki
Calif. senator calls for audit of Alameda County Sheriff's Office, jail after 2 Investigates report - Story | KTVU
Sheriff Gregory Ahern said he welcomes any audit while the president of the board of supervisors, Richard Valle, expressed concerns about the cost of a full audit to taxpayers.

In a Feb. 15 letter to Valle, Sen. Nancy Skinner (D-Berkeley) noted the 2 Investigates’ reporting in November, which found that at least 29 women have sued the sheriff, alleging abuse and mistreatment, since 2014.
photo
A female inmate and an Alameda County sheriff's deputy walk outside at Santa Rita Jail. Sheriff Gregory Ahern said “I think we’re the best big jail in the nation.” November 2018

Women sue Santa Rita over humiliating treatment; sheriff says facility is 'best big jail in the nation'

The sheriff has said in the past his department is a target of lawsuits from inmates and attorneys seeking money from the county.

“We can no longer excuse such conduct as an isolated incident,” Skinner wrote. “A strong performance audit will generate crucial evaluative data that can thoroughly assess all the current practices and policies while provide lifesaving recommendations for implementation.”

Skinner also told 2 Investigates she is extremely skeptical of how the sheriff’s money is being spent. As the jail population has decreased significantly, the sheriff’s budget has grown by $144 million in the last decade. The sheriff’s budget this year is just over $440 million.

Skinner’s letter came at the urging of the Ella Baker Human Rights Center in Oakland, where senior organizer Jose Bernal has closely watched the sheriff’s office and the jail.
police  sheriff  Ahern  Nancy_Skinner  California  audit  Ella_Baker_Center  solutions 
march 2019 by Quercki
Kumeyaay People: Traditions Survive in Baja California | WilderUtopia.com
The First People of Northern Baja California

The Kumeyaay greeted the first Spanish expedition in California in 1769. They had been here for at least 1,300 years, anthropologists say, maybe many thousands more. The Kumeyaay lived in temporary brush huts and moved throughout the year in search of food. While many ended up in the Spanish missions and later on reservations, many others did not. Into the early 20th century, clans of outliers still roamed the margins of the expanding Yankee society, following their old trails, speaking little English or Spanish and crossing the border without even knowing there was one. Their exile was searingly documented in the autobiography of Delfina Cuero, who was born near Jamul in 1900 and told her story to an anthropologist in the 1960s.
Native_American  California  San_Diego  #StillHere 
february 2019 by Quercki
California grows all of our fruits and vegetables. What would we eat without the state?
California, where cool coastal fog is perfect for growing standard broccoli, currently produces more than 90 percent of the broccoli grown in the United States. If California were to disappear, what would the American diet be like?

Expensive and grainy. California produces a sizable majority of many American fruits, vegetables, and nuts: 99 percent of artichokes, 99 percent of walnuts, 97 percent of kiwis, 97 percent of plums, 95 percent of celery, 95 percent of garlic, 89 percent of cauliflower, 71 percent of spinach, and 69 percent of carrots (and the list goes on and on). Some of this is due to climate and soil. No other state, or even a combination of states, can match California’s output per acre. Lemon yields in California, for example, are more than 50 percent higher than in Arizona. California spinach yield per acre is 60 percent higher than the national average. Without California, supply of all these products in the United States and abroad would dip, and in the first few years, a few might be nearly impossible to find. Orchard-based products in particular, such as nuts and some fruits, would take many years to spring back.
California  fruits  nuts  vegetables  farm  produce 
january 2019 by Quercki
The Coming Home Song: Wiyot People Joyous as Eureka City Council Takes Another Step Towards Returning Indian Island – Redheaded Blackbelt
Last night, the Eureka City Council unanimously voted to make the next step in returning 202 acres of Indian Island, located between the city and the Samoa peninsula, to the Wiyot people.

The property was declared “surplus” which allows it to eventually be transferred back to the local tribe which considers the area sacred.

In 2000, the Wiyot’s purchased about 1 and a half acres and after cleanup and restoration performed the World Renewal Ceremony there in March of 2014. The last time previous to that the ceremony had been performed was in February of 1860 when the mostly women and children staying at the ceremony site were massacred at night by a group of local white men.

One speaker said that the City of Eureka will be the first in the entire United States to return Sacred land to an Indigenous people without being forced to do so by a court order.

At the meeting last night, Wiyot’s sang their Coming Home song, before the historic Eureka City Council vote.
California  Eureka  Native_American  Indian  land  return  song  video 
december 2018 by Quercki
Sacred Homelands Returned to Wiyot Tribe | Cultural Survival
Sacred Homelands Returned to Wiyot Tribe

The Eureka, California, City Council has returned 40 acres of Indian Island to the Wiyot Tribe, who had lost the land in an 1860 massacre. The tribe, city council, and local community celebrated the unanimous and unprecedented decision at a signing ceremony on June 25.

During the ceremony, Tribal Chairwoman Cheryl A. Seidner gave smoked salmon, shell necklaces, and medicine bags to the city council members, and Mayor Peter La Vallee gave Seidner a symbolic clay pot of soil from the island.

"This is the first time that I know of that a municipality has done something like this of their own free will, no money involved, just because it’s the right thing to do," said Wiyot Tribal Administrator Maura Eastman in a phone interview. "The community was incredibly receptive to the idea. It really wouldn’t have happened without all the people involved. It could happen every place."
California  Native_American  Indian  land  return  Eureka 
december 2018 by Quercki
Indian Island
The Wiyot Tribe considers the rookery to be tied to their people. The Wiyot people inhabited the Humboldt Bay region in a number of villages including Tuluwat on present-day Indian Island. This site has always been sacred to the Wiyot people, given to them by the Creator as the center of our world. It is the resting place of centuries of Wiyot ancestors and where other Native Americans of the area were invited for the World Renewal Dance.

The brutal 1860 massacre of Indian Island’s inhabitants and visitors abruptly ended Wiyot occupation and centuries of ceremonial dancing and celebration. Most of the men among the Wiyot celebrants had traveled to the mainland during the night in order to replenish supplies when, during the early morning hours, a group of settlers paddled their boats over to the island and massacred as many as 100 women, children and elders. Only one newborn child survived.

Robert Gunther acquired the island in 1860, the same year of the massacre. Gunther diked the island and ran dairy cattle there for nearly 40 years. In the 1870s a shipyard repair facility was constructed. The shipyard operated until the 1980s.
California  Native_American  Indian  island  history 
december 2018 by Quercki
City Council Agenda - blobdload.aspx
A.3.
Indian Island Property Surplus
Recommendation: Hold a public hearing; and
Adopt the Negative Declaration and direct staff to file a Notice of Determination (NOD); and
Adopt a Resolution of the City Council declaring the City
-
owned portion of Indian Island
(APN 405
-
011
-
011) as surplus property and directing the City Manager to ne
gotiate the
conveyance of APN 405
-
011
-
011 on Indian Island.
California  Indian  Native_American  land  return  Eureka  City_Council 
december 2018 by Quercki
Eureka to Discuss Return of Indian Island to Wiyot People | KHSU
The island has a brutal history of its original native population being massacred by white settlers in 1860. According to the council’s agenda, city officials plan to hold the public hearing on the return of Indian Island and also adopt a resolution where they will negotiate the transfer.

In 2000 the Wiyot Tribe purchased the 1.5 acres of Indian Island through grassroots efforts and in 2004, the tribe had recieved more than 40 acres from the city of Eureka. More than a decade later, the Eureka City Council unanimously decided to retrun the rest of the parcel to the Wiyot People.
California  Indian  Native_American  Eureka  land  return 
december 2018 by Quercki
We can’t let Trump close California’s gateway with Mexico - Los Angeles Times
he brewing crisis at the San Ysidro Port of Entry on the U.S.-Mexico border is yet another deliberate insult to California by President Trump.

Let’s recap (so far). First he deployed a show of force better suited to “Call of Duty” than the busiest border crossing in the Western Hemisphere. Customs and Border Protection shut down San Ysidro for hours at a time in recent weeks, wreaking havoc on the estimated 175,000-plus people who cross daily and the multibillion-dollar San Diego-Tijuana economy. Military helicopters have buzzed along the border to try to terrify the thousands of Central Americans amassed in Tijuana while waiting to seek asylum here. Then on Sunday la migra fired tear gas canisters over the border to push back these refugees, including women and children.

Even the California Highway Patrol took part in this sad charade, blocking off the northbound 5 and 805 freeways Sunday.

For millions of Latinos, the Tijuana-San Diego checkpoint is a western Ellis Island.
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Government authorities have treated the migrant caravan like a war game, a traffic accident or an invasion — but not like what it really is: an urgent, but completely manageable, flow of refugees.
immigration  California  Trump  wall  asylum  refugees 
november 2018 by Quercki
The collective impact of California history on Native/Indigenous Tribes.
All California natives do not actually own the land that they claim — the American government holds the land for them in trust, meaning America still owns all Native land — even if they call it a reservation. On top of that, California natives have had to endure even more atrocities. Many tribes have been so decimated that they have no living members who still speak the language. Tribal language use is key to retaining the character of the tribe, and the loss of Native language speakers is a type of death for that tribe. Additionally some tribes don’t even have a reservation ANYWHERE in their ancestral lands. Some tribes have no native speakers any more and have no land set aside — a harsh condition for them to be able to retain a connection to their culture. Additionally, the American government made treaties with California tribes around 1851 and then refused to honor the treaties. This land legally belongs to Natives according to the American government and it is just being held from them illegally. Additionally, When Americans illegally immigrated to California when it was under Mexican control, during the Gold Rush, they tried to wipe out the Natives, in a series of mass murders where anywhere from 30–400 men, women and children would be killed at a time, and the California government established by these illegal American immigrants set up a formal campaign of genocide paying 25 cents for every severed head of a Native person. It is difficult to tell if a Tribe is actually gone or not, because Native tribes are sometimes afraid to identify themselves given the history of genocide and intimidation that has been launched at them for most of the last century.
california  Native_American  tribe  Indigenous  history 
october 2018 by Quercki
Tolay Lake Regional Park, co-managed by county and Graton Rancheria tribe, opening Oct. 27
Tolay Lake Regional Park, the largest in the Sonoma County park system, will open for daily public use late this month, marking a much-celebrated occasion that’s been 13 years in the making.

The park opening on Oct. 27 will lift the veil on hidden scenic treasures, miles of trails, diverse wildlife and hallowed aboriginal healing grounds — all of it mostly off-limits to the general public up to this point.

At 3,400 acres, “it’s a massive land base and an important ecological preserve for the county,” Regional Parks Director Bert Whitaker said. “And it has amazing cultural history.”
California  Native_American  land  park  management 
october 2018 by Quercki
Miwok Archaeological Preserve of Marin (MAPOM) - Posts
Miwok Archaeological Preserve of Marin (MAPOM)
October 11 at 11:47 AM ·

Incredible long term effort and commitment to make this Park/Tribe collaboration come to life. The Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria (Coast Miwok/Pomo) partnered and invested with the Sonoma County Park system to open the largest park in the county! Hope this is the beginning of many more to come!
california  Native_American  land  park 
october 2018 by Quercki
How California Could Get Its Money Out of Wall Street by Ellen Brown — YES! Magazine
California needs to spend more than $700 billion on infrastructure over the next decade. Where will this money come from? The $1.5 trillion infrastructure initiative unveiled by President Trump in February includes only $200 billion in federal funding for infrastructure projects across the U.S., and less than that after factoring in the billions in tax cuts in infrastructure-related projects.

The rest is to come from cities, states, private investors, and public-private partnerships. And since city and state coffers are depleted, that chiefly means private investors and PPPs, which have a shady history at best.

At the same time, California has over $700 billion parked in private banks earning minimal interest, private equity funds that contributed to the affordable housing crisis, and “shadow banks”—unregulated financial institutions of the sort that caused the banking collapse of 2008. If California had a public infrastructure bank chartered to take deposits, some of these funds could be used to generate credit for the state while remaining safely on deposit in the bank.
California  state  bank 
june 2018 by Quercki
California becomes the world's fifth-biggest economy | TheHill
California’s economy is once again the world’s fifth largest after it surpassed the United Kingdom (U.K.), according to federal data released on Friday.

California’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew $127 billion between 2016 and 2017 to more than $2.7 trillion.

At the same time, the U.K.'s GDP shrunk when measured in U.S. dollars, largely because of exchange rate fluctuations, The Associated Press reported.

Only the U.S., China, Japan and Germany have economies larger than California’s.
California  economy  rank  5th 
may 2018 by Quercki
Gold,Greed & Genocide: The Story Of California's 1849 Gold Rush
Over 150,000 Native Americans lived sustainably in California prior to the gold rush. They had existed for many centuries, supporting themselves mostly by hunting, gathering and fishing. This life changed drastically in 1848 when James Marshall discovered the yellow metal in the American River at Coloma, in Northern California.

By 1870, there was an estimated native population of only 31,000 Californian Indians left. Over 60 percent of these indigenous people died from disease introduced by hundreds of thousands of so-called 49ers. However, local tribes were also systematically chased off their lands, marched to missions and reservations, enslaved and brutally massacred.

In 1851, the California State government paid $1 million for scalping missions. You could still get $5 for a severed Indian head in Shasta in 1855, and twenty five cents for a scalp in Honey Lake in 1863.

Over 4,000 Native American children were sold - prices ranged from $60 for a boy to $200 for a girl.
California  nativeamerican  Native_American  genocide 
november 2017 by Quercki
California decided it was tired of women bleeding to death in childbirth - Vox
researchers like Boston University maternal health expert Eugene Declercq to conclude that a key driver of America’s maternal mortality problem is that America doesn’t value women.
pregnancy  mother  death  healthcare  california 
october 2017 by Quercki
‘Horizontal hurricanes’ pose increasing risk for California - SFGate.com
Sometimes called horizontal hurricanes, atmospheric rivers are exactly what they sound like: airborne channels of water that develop over the Pacific Ocean and are pushed along by strong winds toward the West Coast during the winter.


The systems commonly wring out over California, providing as much as 50 percent of the state’s annual rainfall in a matter of days — dumpings that are critical to water supplies but, at times, bring on disaster.

Jasperse and his colleagues are already looking to apply what they’ve learned about the events to managing drinking-water reservoirs. For example, by better predicting rainfall, they can begin to more accurately free up reservoir space.

Perhaps more important, the Sonoma County research holds promise of providing flood and landslide warnings to residents across California.

“It’s really about getting the science to forecast extreme climate events,” said Sonoma County Supervisor Shirlee Zane, who helped win state and federal assistance for the water agency’s unusually advanced initiative. “The problems (of climate) are all being lived out in the last month, and sadly it’s being lived out in a way that’s so tragic to people.”

A group of Southern California scientists, some of whom are partnering with Sonoma County, plan to begin publishing regular 14-day to 21-day outlooks on atmospheric rivers as soon as this winter. Current forecasts typically don’t anticipate the events more than a week out.
weather  rain  California  prediction  flood  prevention 
october 2017 by Quercki
Making Smart Decisions About Surveillance: A Guide for Community Transparency, Accountability & Oversight | ACLU of Northern California
Surveillance is on the rise in our communities, but basic transparency, oversight, and accountability remain the exception, not the rule. Police are spending billions of dollars on very sophisticated and invasive surveillance technology from license plate readers and cell phone trackers to facial recognition and drones. Too many of these programs are moving forward without public conversation, careful consideration of the costs and benefits, or adequate policies in place to prevent misuse and protect rights.

As a result, surveillance may enable high-tech profiling, perpetuate systems of abusive policing, and undermine trust in law enforcement, particularly in communities of color where police misconduct has been rampant and community relationships have been strained. It’s time for change.
ACLU  surveillance  guidelines  california 
september 2017 by Quercki
California Megaflood: Lessons from a Forgotten Catastrophe - Scientific American
The only megaflood to strike the American West in recent history occurred during the winter of 1861-62. California bore the brunt of the damage. This disaster turned enormous regions of the state into inland seas for months, and took thousands of human lives. The costs were devastating: one quarter of California’s economy was destroyed, forcing the state into bankruptcy.
Today, the same regions that were submerged in 1861-62 are home to California’s fastest-growing cities.
....
We are informed that the Indians living in the vicinity of Marysville left their abodes a week or more ago for the foothills predicting an unprecedented overflow. They told the whites that the water would be higher than it has been for thirty years, and pointed high up on the trees and houses where it would come. The valley Indians have traditions that the water occasionally rises 15 or 20 feet higher than it has been at any time since the country was settled by whites, and as they live in the open air and watch closely all the weather indications, it is not improbable that they may have better means than the whites of anticipating a great storm.
climatechange  california  history  flood 
september 2017 by Quercki
Prop 13: The Building-Sized Loopholes Corporations Exploit | Feature | San Francisco | San Francisco News and Events | SF Weekly
A business selling 100 percent of its real-estate interest without triggering a reassessment isn't hypothetical — or even an oddity. "These kinds of transactions are being done all the time," says USF law professor Dan Lathrope. "Anyone doing a big real-estate transaction knows what triggers reassessments." It's all perfectly legal — companies can effectively change hands many times over, but never in a way resulting in a deed heading to the assessor's office, and buildings' tax bases remain at levels from the Carter administration.

That's the case even when the line between cunning and devious is breached. In San Francisco, a pair of Fortune 500 companies fraudulently cloaked a change of ownership of One Market Plaza, one of the city's largest office buildings — to prevent a reappraisal that would have upped the structure's value from some $113 million to around $400 million. These firms were caught and made to pay — astoundingly, in retrospect — but not in a manner inspiring hope for nabbing future purveyors of fraud. The scheme was sniffed out not by proactive city employees but private attorneys. Even once the machinations were laid bare, the city repeatedly attempted to go easy on the guilty parties. The case plodded through court for nearly 18 years, spinning such a convoluted web of litigation that, at one point, the city sued itself.
Prop_13  property  taxes  California 
august 2017 by Quercki
Untold History: The Survival of California's Indians | Link TV
California Indian history didn’t end with the Gold Rush. It’s still in progress. California Indians make baskets and manage landscapes with fire -- and drive pickup trucks and earn doctorates -- in the present tense, planning for a future seven generations distant. In that sense, the thread of California Native history extends farther into the future than that of mainstream society, focused on the next fiscal year at most.

It’s probably no accident that the fourth grade curriculum stops mentioning the Native peoples of California at around the time of the Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was a period  in which white settlers' treatment of California Indians might well be too horrible for us to share with children. Even for adult Californians, looking closely at historic harms visited on Native Californians is an unsettling experience.
California  Native_American  history  current  events  news 
june 2017 by Quercki
Replace the 4th Grade Mission Project
Repeal, Replace and Reframe the 4th Grade Mission project
With the recent adoption of the new History-Social Science Framework by the California State Board of Education, it is acknowledged that the story of California begins in pre-Columbian times. For this reason, it is important that we include the voices and history of California Indians.

To this end, the practice of creating models of the California missions and not including the impact and daily life of the native population within these missions has perpetuated a false narrative. As indicated by the State Board of Education, “building missions from sugar cubes or popsicle sticks does not help students understand the period and is offensive to many. ... Missions were sites of conflict, conquest, and forced labor.”

The intention of this resolution is to set in motion the replacement units so that educators in California, as well as those in our teacher education pipeline, can access the California Indian perspective that has been absent.

We need your support to help produce new standards-based curricula to reframe California’s history.

First, if you support this endeavor, sign on to the Resolution to Repeal, Replace and Reframe the 4th Grade Mission Project
California  Native_American  Mission  child  education  4th 
may 2017 by Quercki
American Experience | The Gold Rush | Special Features | Native Stories | PBS
And at one point it was something in the neighborhood of $25 for a male body part, whether it was a scalp, a hand, or the whole body; and then $5 for a child or a woman. In many cases, they only had to bring in the scalp. And in other cases, the whole body was brought in to prove that they had this individual, they'd killed this person, and receive their reward.

And it was well after 1900 when the law was repealed, that bounty hunting, or whatever you may want to call it, on the California Indians was repealed. It was shortly after the discovery of Ishi that the nation, or I should say the state, became aware of the fact that it was still legal to kill Indians. So that the law had to be changed.
Native_American  California  history  genocide 
march 2017 by Quercki
INDIANS of CALIFORNIA - American Period ANTHRO 6 - An Introduction to California's Native People
The first 50 years of the American Period was a horrible time for the Native Californians, given the sheer magnitude of what happened during that half century: scalpings of men, women, &children; incarceration in jails with the only way out being enforced indenture to whites for unspecified lengths of time; the kidnapping &sale of Indian children; the massacres of entire Indian villages; the military roundup of Indians and their enforced exile on military reservations where even the most basic of living amenities were lacking; their complete legal disenfranchisement. The outcome of all this was that during the first two decades of the American occupation, the native population of California plummeted by 90 percent - in short, a California version of the WWII Holocaust.
Native_American  California  genocide  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
Joint Statement from California Legislative Leaders on Result of Presidential Election | Senator Kevin de León
Wednesday, November 09, 2016
SACRAMENTO – California Senate President pro Tempore Kevin de León (D-Los Angeles) and California Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon (D-Paramount) released the following statement on the results of the President election:

Today, we woke up feeling like strangers in a foreign land, because yesterday Americans expressed their views on a pluralistic and democratic society that are clearly inconsistent with the values of the people of California.

We have never been more proud to be Californians.

By a margin in the millions, Californians overwhelmingly rejected politics fueled by resentment, bigotry, and misogyny.

The largest state of the union and the strongest driver of our nation’s economy has shown it has its surest conscience as well.

California is – and must always be – a refuge of justice and opportunity for people of all walks, talks, ages and aspirations – regardless of how you look, where you live, what language you speak, or who you love. 

California has long set an example for other states to follow. And California will defend its people and our progress. We are not going to allow one election to reverse generations of progress at the height of our historic diversity, scientific advancement, economic output, and sense of global responsibility.

We will be reaching out to federal, state and local officials to evaluate how a Trump Presidency will potentially impact federal funding of ongoing state programs, job-creating investments reliant on foreign trade, and federal enforcement of laws affecting the rights of people living in our state. We will maximize the time during the presidential transition to defend our accomplishments using every tool at our disposal.

While Donald Trump may have won the presidency, he hasn’t changed our values. America is greater than any one man or party. We will not be dragged back into the past. We will lead the resistance to any effort that would shred our social fabric or our Constitution.

California was not a part of this nation when its history began, but we are clearly now the keeper of its future.
Trump  election  california  bigotry  misogyny 
november 2016 by Quercki
Untold History: The Survival of California's Indians | KCET
If you grew up in California, you probably learned most of what you know about the history of California Indians while you were in fourth grade. All that several generations of Californians learned of the state’s Native peoples can be summed up thusly:

California was originally populated by people who did not farm but made very nice baskets. The Spanish padrés arrived, and California Indians moved to the Missions to learn farm labor. Some of them died there, mainly because their immune systems weren’t sophisticated enough to handle modern diseases. By the time Americans arrived Native Californians had mainly vanished somehow. The Gold Rush happened and California became a modern society with factories and lending institutions. Finally, in 1911, Ishi, the last wild California Indian, wandered out of the mountains so he could live a comfortable life in a museum basement.
....
It’s probably no accident that the fourth grade curriculum stops mentioning the Native peoples of California at around the time of the Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was a period in which white settlers' treatment of California Indians might well be too horrible for us to share with children. Even for adult Californians, looking closely at historic harms visited on Native Californians is an unsettling experience.

That sorry history makes it all the more remarkable and fortunate that California Indians are still here, still working to shape the state and its landscape, still working to heal the rift between their non-native neighbors and the landscape we all depend on.
California  Native_American  Indian  history  current_events  **** 
september 2016 by Quercki
What John Muir Missed: The Uniqueness of California Indians | KCET
What Muir misses in his description of native women gathering "wild" grain is the same thing nearly all of his European predecessors had missed in similar scenes: these women, probably Mono Lake Paiutes, were not passively gathering nature's “wild” bounty. Instead, they were harvesting a carefully tended field. The extent of the patch, the "magnificently waving clumps," the size and sweetness of the grain — none of these might have existed without centuries of human care and interaction, including intentional burning, sowing, and harvesting.
....
in California this indigenous resource management was so sophisticated that the region could support one of the highest densities of native people anywhere in the world. Europeans credited this density to California's remarkable natural fecundity, failing to recognize the ways California had been turned into something like a garden through intentionally set fires, pruning, weeding, broadcast sowing, and harvesting. Even digging for roots and bulbs, the practice so derided by Europeans, was done in specific ways that helped bulb plants reproduce and thrive.

Taken together these techniques modified habitats, changing both the distribution of plant species and their genetic adaptations. Several iconic California landscapes, including mountain meadows, oak savannas, and fan palm groves, owe their appearance and even their very existence to this indigenous resource management.
California  CA  Native_American  food  agriculture 
september 2016 by Quercki
The Mendocino Genocide and a Look at Native America before Manifest Destiny and the Failed Reservation System | Ganja Farmer's Emerald Triangle News
. The “Mendocino War”,  just a small part of the “Mendocino Genocide”, was a violent act of Mendocino County and California State Sponsored genocide perpetuated from July 1859 to January 18, 1860, against the local native people including the Cahto, Coastal Yuki, Wailaki, Yuki, Huchnom (now extinct) as well as other local Mendocino County tribes which also were eliminated by these very same acts of  genocide. The Genocide in Mendocino County Ca was committed  by groups of white men from Willits and Ukiah mounted on horses and carrying firearms. The Eel River Rangers as they were called, were  paid and sponsored by the State of California and under the directions of local “pioneers”. This genocide, aimed against a  peaceful local community of Hunter, Gatherer Native Americans which had inhabited Mendocino County Ca for thousands of years was caused by settler intrusion onto native lands in the name of “Manifest Destiny”. These intrusions resulted in the deaths of thousands of local natives including the elderly, men women and even babies. In 1859, a band of locally sponsored “RANGERS” , (yes this is where the term ranger comes from), led by Walter S. Jarboe, organized by Judge Serranus C Hastings called the Eel River Rangers raided the countryside in an effort to kill and forcibly remove natives from their Native Homes where they had lived for thousands of years and move them onto the Mendocino Reservation where today’s Fort Bragg stands as well as Nome Cult Farm, near Covelo, now called Round Valley Reservation. The settlers of Mendocino County wanted the Aboriginal Native Mendocino Lands and had absolutely no problem with committing acts of murder, genocide including the wholesale slaughter of entire Mendocino Indian villages in order to steal the land.
Native_American  genocide  Mendocino  California 
september 2016 by Quercki
About | The California Channel
The California Channel is a public service funded entirely by California’s cable television operators as a means to provide Californians direct access to “gavel-to-gavel" proceedings of the California Legislature, and other forums where public policy is discussed, debated, and decided – all without editing, commentary, or analysis and with a balanced presentation of viewpoints.

The network does not receive any state funding.
CA  government  senate  assembly  video  TV  California  legislation 
september 2016 by Quercki
Was The Murder Of California Indians A Genocide Or Tragedy?
An American Genocide: The United States and the California Indian Catastrophe, 1846-1873, by Benjamin Madley and just published by Yale University Press, is the latest installment in an on-going controversy stretching back decades. The facts of the events are not in dispute.

Between 1846 and 1873, the first 27 years that California belonged to the U.S., the Indian population in California went from 150,000 to 30,000, an 80% decline. In the 1880 census, there were 16,277 Indians. The preeminent historian of California, Kevin Starr, wrote in California: A History, “60 percent of the deaths [were] attributable to disease, the rest to murder.” (He adds that already California Indians “had been reduced by 90 percent since the arrival of the Spanish.”)

Madley quotes Indian Affairs commissioner John Collier from 1935, “The world’s annals contain few comparable instances of swift depopulation - practically, of racial massacre - at the hands of a conquering race.” The murders were committed by, among others, the army, ranchers, volunteer militias (roving death squads), and bounty hunters who were paid for Indian heads and scalps. (There was also a thriving slave trade in women and children.)
California  Native_American  genocide  massacre 
july 2016 by Quercki
California Presidential Primary Election Results | California Secretary of State
Election results are updated as often as new data is received from county elections offices after the polls close at 8:00 p.m. on Election Day. Many ballots are counted after Election Day. County elections officials have approximately one month to complete their extensive tallying, auditing, and certification work. They must report final certified results to the Secretary of State by July 8, 2016.
california  voting  election  results 
june 2016 by Quercki
It's time to acknowledge the genocide of California's Indians - LA Times
Will state officials tender public apologies, as Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush did in the 1980s for the relocation and internment of some 120,000 Japanese Americans during World War II? Should state officials offer compensation, along the lines of the more than $1.6 billion Congress paid to 82,210 of these Japanese Americans and their heirs? Might California officials decrease or altogether eliminate their cut of California Indians’ annual gaming revenues ($7.3 billion in 2014) as a way of paying reparations? Should the state return control to California Indian communities of state lands where genocidal events took place? Should the state stop commemorating the supporters and perpetrators of this genocide, including Burnett, Kit Carson and John C. Frémont? Will the genocide against California Indians join the Armenian genocide and the Holocaust in public school curricula and public discourse?

These are crucial questions. What’s beyond doubt is that the state and the federal government should acknowledge the genocide that took place in California.
California  Native_American  genocide  killing  history 
may 2016 by Quercki
California, Calafia, Khalif: The Origin of the Name "California" | KCET
Montalvo described it as follows:

"Know that, on the right hand of the Indies was an island called California, very near to the region of the Terrestrial Paradise, which was populated by black women, without there being any men among them, that almost like the Amazons was their style of living. They were of vigorous bodies and strong and ardent hearts and of great strength; the island itself the strongest in steep rocks and cliff boulders that is found in the world; their arms were all of gold, and also the harnesses of the wild beasts, on which, after having tamed them, they rode; that in all the island there was no other metal whatsoever... On this island, called California there were many griffins ... and in the time that they had young these women would --- take them to their caves, and there raise them. And ... they fattened them on those men and the boys that they had born... Any make that entered the island was killed and eaten by them ... There ruled on that island of California, a queen great of body, very beautiful for her race, at a flourishing age, desirous in her thoughts of achieving great things, valiant in strength, cunning in her brave heart, more than any other who had ruled that kingdom before her ... Queen Calafia."
How did the name of this mythical island become the name of the 31st state of the union? Spanish explorers during the 1500s were familiar with the story and applied the name to what is now called Baja California, which at the time, they thought was an island. Based on legends prevalent at the time, Spanish explorers were searching for a mythical island paradise. Even though it later became clear that Baja California was not an island, once the name started being used on maps, it stuck.

California's Islamic Origin
So 16th century Spanish explorers got the name from Montalvo's story, but where did Montalvo get the name? Muslims.

The inspiration for the word was likely "Khalif" or "Khalifa" which means "successor" in Arabic but more specifically refers in Islam to a head of state or leader of the Muslims.
California  Califia  myth  story 
february 2016 by Quercki
California Legislative Analyst's Office - Budget Infographic
November 16, 2015

This infographic presents information about the current state budget (2015-16) and compares the level of spending and revenues assumed in the current budget to historical levels since 1950-51. As a share of personal income—one broad measure of the size of the California economy—state spending has been relatively flat since the late 1970s. Spending on health and human services and corrections programs has generally increased over the period, while spending on higher education and transportation programs has generally decreased. Since 1950-51, the personal income tax has replaced the sales and use tax as the predominant source of General Fund revenue.
California  taxes  budget  spending 
november 2015 by Quercki
Farmer Returns 700 Acres of California Coast to Native American Tribe
The small, water-poor reservation that became home for the Kashia Band of Pomo Indians has become 18-times larger, and for the first time in more than a century, will reach to the Pacific coast where they and their ancestors once hunted, fished, and roamed free.

Bill Richardson’s family bought the 688-acre property, which features dense redwood forest, towering coastal bluffs and waterfalls along the Pacific Coast Highway, in 1925.

CHECK Out: Irish Town Builds Memorial to Thank Native Americans Who Helped During Famine

Last week, after five years of fundraising by the Sonoma County government, The Trust for Public Land,  private foundations and groups, the newly established Kashia Coastal Reserve restores ownership of the land to the tribe.

Sonoma County contributed two million dollars for the project, while another six million was raised by the coalition of groups seeking to buy the property for the Kashia. In exchange, the California Coastal Trail will extend north for one mile across their land, giving the public access to a cliff walk overlooking this dramatic stretch of coastline.

RELATED: Stories of Native American Good News

The Tribe will manage the land as protected open space, and a demonstration forest for educating and engaging the public about the history and practices of native people in the area.

The Pomo Indians will get to start using the land immediately, while Richardson will get to live out his days on the mile-long stretch of property—and be buried on a hillside when he passes on.
California  Native_American  reparations  solutions  partnership 
november 2015 by Quercki
Sacramento State student stands ground on genocide of Native Americans | The Sacramento Bee
Sacramento State student stands ground on genocide of Native Americans

Were Native Americans the victims of genocide or is that too strong a word? That's what a Sacramento State student says got her thrown out of her history class. After a month-long investigation, the university concluded neither professor nor student was at fault.
efletcher@sacbee.com
(video at link. No more text.)
Native_American  California  genocide  education  CSU 
october 2015 by Quercki
30 Percent of California's Forest Firefighters Are Prisoners | Mother Jones
Why are prisoners fighting fires? For years, California's prison system has operated a number of "conservation camps," in which low-level felons in the state prison system volunteer to do manual labor outside, like clearing brush to prevent forest fires or fighting the fires themselves. A handful of other states have similar programs, but California's program is by far the largest, with roughly 4,000 participants. At its best, the program is a win-win situation: Inmates learn useful skills and spend time outside the normal confines of prison, and the collaboration with Cal Fire saves the state roughly $80 million a year.

For each day they work in the program, the inmates receive a two-day reduction from their sentences.
Participants make $2 per day in the program and $2 an hour when they're on a fire line. That may sound paltry, though it's not bad by prison standards: Many prison jobs bring in less than $1 per hour. In addition, for each day they work in the program, the inmates receive a two-day reduction from their sentences.
wildfire  prison  california 
september 2015 by Quercki
A displaced California tribe reclaims sacred land (The Exact Same Place) — High Country News
After more than a decade of trying, the Mountain Maidu, a small and federally unrecognized tribe, had reclaimed title to Humbug Valley from Pacific Gas & Electric Company. It had been a long saga: A judge in the early aughts, in the wake of the Enron scandal, ordered the utility to relinquish thousands of acres to conservation stewards. But PG&E did not consider the Mountain Maidu potential stewards. Like other outsiders, company representatives dismissed the Maidu as a loose band, a tribe without a central government and — until now — without a land base.

The Maidu were undeterred. They formed a nonprofit consortium, weaseled their way into meetings and recruited allies. They tackled on-the-ground projects — building cedar fences to protect gravesites and designing an interpretive kiosk, all as directed by a PG&E-appointed committee, in order to prove their ability to be good stewards on land they’d already tended for centuries.
California  Native_American  Maidu  sacred  land  DeColonize 
september 2015 by Quercki
Remembering Genocide in the Sacramento Valley | Memories of the People
History Professor Denies Native Genocide: Native Student Disagrees, Gets Expelled From Course

The ultimate irony is that the university is Sacramento State.  Though no one much talks about it, the Sacramento Valley is home to one of the most complete and thorough genocides ever documented.  In the 1850s and 60s, entire tribes were wiped out, deliberately, sometimes in the span of a few years, with most members suffering violent deaths.

The stories reached a newspaper in New York City, which reported:

We have been informed through the papers, of the murderous outrages committed on the aboriginal inhabitants of California by men with white skins. We regret to say that there is no exaggeration in these accounts… In the Atlantic and Western States, the Indians have suffered wrongs and cruelties at the hands of the stronger race. But history has no parallel to the recent atrocities perpetrated in California. Even the record of Spanish butcheries in Mexico and Peru has nothing so diabolical.
Native_American  genocide  history  California  Sac_State  class 
september 2015 by Quercki
State of California Department of Justice - OpenJustice
OpenJustice includes three major components:

A Justice Dashboard that spotlights key criminal justice indicators with in-depth analysis, integration of other publicly available datasets, and user-friendly interactive visualization tools;
An Open Data Portal that publishes data from CA DOJ's statewide repository of criminal justice datasets in an open-source and downloadable form; and
An ongoing effort to improve criminal justice reporting in California.
OpenJustice underscores the CA DOJ's commitment to improving public safety and increasing transparency through innovation; it represents one of the largest open government criminal justice data initiatives of any state in the U.S.
California  police  data  database  arrest  death  killing 
september 2015 by Quercki
Native Knowledge Used to Combat Calif. Drought | Al Jazeera America
Tribal Chairman Ron Goode — who has been working on such projects with the U.S. Forest Service for over 20 years — said he has been receiving more requests to share knowledge of traditional land management techniques since the current drought began gripping the state. 

Goode’s technique to combat drought and wildfires focuses on restoring meadows, which he said achieves dual purposes: keeping more water in the ground by thinning the forest canopy, and thus also creating clear, wetter areas that act as buffers to large fires.

The North Fork Mono tribe also managed forest canopies, keeping them thin enough so that one could see about a quarter of a mile through the trees, Goode said. But in the past century canopies have become overgrown, which he said fuels out-of-control fires and prevents rain and snow from reaching the ground and entering the watershed.

The U.S. Forest Service heard of Goode's methods and last year asked his organization to collaborate on a project to restore a meadow, where “everything is still green and wet” this year despite the drought, Goode said.

Goode and his team of volunteers — mostly students from high schools and universities, and including local Forest Service rangers — have cleared three meadows in the Sierra National Forest.

Restored meadows “retain water like a sponge,” Dirk Charley, U.S. Forest Service tribal relations manager in the Sierra region and member of the Dunlap Band of Mono Indians, told Al Jazeera. Charley said he and other forest service employees heard of Goode’s work, and began to learn about and incorporate his land management practices.
Native_American  California  fire  management  solutions 
august 2015 by Quercki
An Ancient Native American Drought Solution For A Parched California | Valley Public Radio
Dirk Charley is with US Forest Service and is also Native American. He is blessing a meadow with burning sage and an abalone shell.
EZRA DAVID ROMERO VALLEY PUBLIC RADIO
In the Sierra Nevada, above Fresno, North Fork Mono Indians are working to thin the forest. The group's goal is twofold. Save water and prevent large-scale forest fires. North Fork Mono Indians have been using this approach for centuries, but now California's severe drought means these ancient techniques are being looked at as a possible long-term solution. From Valley Public Radio, Ezra David Romero reports.
drought  water  Native_American  California 
june 2015 by Quercki
Ten-Year-Old Wukchumni Boy's Refusal to Sing Derogatory Song Leads to Its Removal from School
VISALIA, CALIFORNIA – Fourth-grader Alex Fierro, a member of the Wukchumni (Yokut) tribe, proves one person’s action–or lack of action–can make a difference. He is already at his young age a catalyst for change in his school district. Alex, 10, refused to sing “21 Missions” in his music class. “21 Missions” is a song that glorifies all 21 Catholic missions in California.

Once his class at Shannon Ranch Elementary in Visalia, California were given the words of “21 Missions” to sing, Alex did not feel right about singing the song. Alex told his mother, Debra Fierro, about the song and asked her to write a letter to his teacher so he would not have to sing the song. His mother asked him to tell her about the song, and he refused to speak any of it. She asked him to bring the song home and he did the next day.

On Friday, April 24, 2015, his mother read the song and she notified the Wukchumni Tribal Council and elders to share the song. Debra Fierro and the tribal leaders were outraged by the lyrics that they found to be derogatory towards American Indians.

“21 Missions” lyrcis include:

“MEN OF FAITH, THE GOOD NEWS PREACHING/ PRAYING, TEACHING, SEARCHING, REACHING/ OUT TO THE RED MAN’S SOUL/ OH, WHAT A NOBLE GOAL.”

AND “COME LITTLE INDIAN DANCE WITH ME.”

By Monday, April 27, 2015, letters to Alex’s teacher, principal, and superintendent of Visalia Unified Schools District (VUSD) were sent asking to have the song removed from the curriculum.
California  Native_American  schools  song  mission  Junipero_Serra 
may 2015 by Quercki
invisible5: home
INVISIBLE-5 AUDIO PROJECT

Invisible-5 is a self-guided critical audio tour along Interstate 5 between San Francisco and Los Angeles. It uses the format of a museum audio tour to guide the listener along the highway.

ABOUT
Invisible-5 investigates the stories of people and communities fighting for environmental justice along the I-5 corridor, through oral histories, field recordings, found sound, recorded music, and archival audio documents. The project also traces natural, social, and economic histories along the route. It was produced in 2006.

ROUTE
The tour follows I-5 between San Francisco and Los Angeles, with additional routing via I-580/I-880 to San Francisco. Sites along the tour, which can be driven in either direction, include Livermore, Crows Landing, Kesterson NWR, Kettleman City, and Boyle Heights in East Los Angeles.

HOW TO
Download the full audio tour or listen to individual stops in the right hand column.
travel  California  I-5  earth  activism  audio 
april 2015 by Quercki
Lying to Children About the California Missions and the Indian - ICTMN.com
“Well, it is different actually being right here,” Mom said excitedly. “To think about all those Indians and how they lived all that time ago, that’s kind of impressive.”

I could not resist: “And better yet,” I beamed, “still live! Guess what? I’m a member of the Ohlone/Costanoan-Esselen Nation myself! Some of my ancestors lived in this mission. I’ve found their names in the Book of Baptism.” (I didn’t mention that they are also listed in the Book of Deaths soon afterward.)

The mother was beside herself with pleasure, posed me with her daughter for a still photo, and wrote down my name so she could Google my work. Little Virginia, however, was shocked into silence. Her face drained, her body went stiff, and she stared at me as if I had risen, an Indigenous skeleton clad in decrepit rags, from beneath the clay bricks of the courtyard. Even though her mother and I talked a few more minutes, Virginia the 4th grader—previously a calm, articulate news anchor in training—remained a shy shadow, shooting side glances at me out of the corner of her eyes.

As Kimberly and I walked away, I thought, “That poor kid has never seen a live Indian, much less a ‘Mission Indian’—she thought we were all dead!” Having me suddenly appear in the middle of her video project must have been a lot like turning the corner to find the (dead) person you were talking about suddenly in your face, talking back.
California  mission  Indian  history  racism 
april 2015 by Quercki
California Is Drilling for Water That Fell to Earth 20,000 Years Ago | Mother Jones
As California farms and cities drill deeper for groundwater in an era of drought and climate change, they no longer are tapping reserves that percolated into the soil over recent centuries. They are pumping water that fell to Earth during a much wetter climatic regime—the ice age.

Such water is not just old. It's prehistoric. It is older than the earliest pyramids on the Nile, older than the world's oldest tree, the bristlecone pine. It was swirling down rivers and streams 15,000 to 20,000 years ago when humans were crossing the Bering Strait from Asia.

"What I see going on is a future disaster," says Vance Kennedy, a retired research hydrologist. "We are mining water that cannot be readily replaced."
Tapping such water is more than a scientific curiosity. It is one more sign that some parts of California are living beyond nature's means, with implications that could ripple into the next century and beyond as climate change turns the region warmer and robs moisture from the sky.

"What I see going on is a future disaster. You are removing water that's been there a long, long time. And it will probably take a long time to replace it. We are mining water that cannot be readily replaced," said Vance Kennedy, a 91-year-old retired research hydrologist in the Central Valley.

Despite such concern, the antiquity of the state's groundwater isn't a well-known phenomenon. It has been discovered in recent years by scientists working on water quality studies and revealed quietly in technical reports.
water  California  drought  groundwater 
april 2015 by Quercki
PBS - THE WEST - Diggers
Near the crowded goldfields, Indians found it harder and harder to find food. Some began to steal. The miners despised them all as "Diggers."

In 1850, California law made it legal to declare any jobless Indian a vagrant, then auction his services off for up to four months. And it permitted whites to force Indian children to work for them until they were eighteen, provided the permission of what the law called a "friend" was obtained first.

Whites hunted down adult Indians in the mountains, kidnapped their children and sold them as "apprentices" for as little as fifty dollars. "If ever an Indian was fully and honestly paid for his labor," one white settler said, "it was not my luck to hear of it." Indians could not complain in court because by another California statute, "no Indian or black or mulatto person" was "permitted to give evidence in favor of or against a white person."
....
The towns of Marysville and Honey Lake paid bounties for Indian scalps. Shasta City offered five dollars for every Indian head brought to city hall. And California's state treasury reimbursed many of the local governments for their expenses.

California Indian Close-UpIt was of no unfrequent occurence for an Indian to be shot down in cold blood, or a squaw to be raped by some brute. Such a thing as a white man being punished for outraging an Indian was unheard of. It was the fable of the wolf and the lamb every time.
General George Crook

There were some 150,000 Indians in California before the Forty-niners came. By 1870, there would be fewer than 30,000. It was the worst slaughter of Indian peoples in United States history.
California  gold_rush  Native_American  slavery 
february 2015 by Quercki
Serra the Saint: Why Not? - ICTMN.com
In 1988, the last time canonization of Serra came up, protests from California Indians was loud and immediately. “He is as responsible for what happened to American Indians as Hitler was responsible for what happened to the Jews,” Jeannette Costo told The Chicago Tribune.

This comparison is often dismissed out of hand as hyperbole, yet there is something to it: when Serra supporters write that “he was a man of his times, part of an inevitable colonization and expansion of European powers,” I often wonder, would we accept that as an excuse for Hitler, as well? Wasn’t he just another power-hungry European leader who went to war for more territory?

More recently, retired Bishop Francis A. Quinn apologized to the Miwok Indians during a Mass at the Church of St. Raphael in San Rafael California; Bishop Quinn admitted that missionaries “took the Indian out of the Indian,” and imposed “a European Catholicism upon the natives.” He also admitted that mission soldiers and priests had raped Indian women and enforced missionary rules with brutal and violent punishments. Perhaps most stunning, Bishop Quinn agreed with what some of us have long known: that Indians were civilized, had forms of religion, education, art, governance and agricultural knowledge long before the Spanish arrived bent on conversion and their own version of civilization.

And still more recently, Bishop Richard Garcia asked forgiveness from the Diocese of Monterey (in December 2012) when he offered a formal apology for the abuses of the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band of Ohlone/Costanoan Indians, one of several tribes taken into Mission Carmel.

RELATED: California Bishop Will Apologize to Amah Mutsun Tribal Band

A clear thread of protest from within the Catholic Church itself runs parallel to the protests of California Indians, although each has often been in danger of erasure by the powers that wish to control the narrative.
California  Native_American  history  Junipero_Serra  Catholic  Hitler 
january 2015 by Quercki
Yurok tribe hopes California's cap-and-trade can save a way of life - LA Times
This winter, Yurok tribe forestry crews will be four-wheeling down muddy fire roads, hiking through steep, slippery brush and trekking across more than 20,000 acres of forest to count and measure trees.

Instead of preparing to sell lumber, as it has in the past, the state's largest Indian tribe is taking stock of its firs, redwoods and tanoaks to make money in California's cap-and-trade program.

By managing its forest near Redwood National Park for carbon storage instead of timber harvest, the tribe is generating credits to sell to oil companies and other businesses that must reduce greenhouse gas emissions as part of the state's effort to slow climate change.
Native_American  California  forest  trees  cap_and_trade  carbon  climatechange 
december 2014 by Quercki
California Law Enforcement Line of Duty Deaths
list of all police department (including school district, sheriff, etc. deaths.)
California  police  death 
december 2014 by Quercki
▶ The Little-Known History of Slavery in California: Lynette Mullen at TEDxEureka - YouTube
Published on Dec 31, 2012
Lynette Mullen is a local freelance writer and project manager. A chance discovery of court records from 1862 ignited her passion for history; learning about the indenture of Native Americans in California during the gold rush further fueled this interest. She is honored to be able to share this imformation with the TedX audience.
slavery  Native_American  California  TED 
november 2014 by Quercki
California Tells Court It Can't Release Inmates Early Because It Would Lose Cheap Prison Labor | ThinkProgress
The incentives of this wildfire and other labor programs are seemingly in conflict with the goal of reducing U.S. reliance on mass incarceration. But the federal judges overseeing this litigation were nonetheless sensitive to the state’s need for inmate firefighters. That’s why they ordered the state to offer 2-for-1 credits only to those many inmates who weren’t eligible for the wildfire program. This way, inmates who were eligible would still be incentivized to choose fighting wildfires, while those that weren’t could choose other rehabilitative work programs to reduce their sentence.
The Department of Corrections didn’t like this idea, either. It argued that offering 2-for-1 credits to any inmates who perform other prison labor would mean more minimum security inmates would be released earlier, and they wouldn’t have as large of a labor pool. They would still need to fill those jobs by drawing candidates who could otherwise work fighting wildfires, and would be “forced to draw down its fire camp population to fill these vital MSF [Minimum Support Facility] positions.” In other words, they didn’t want to have to hire full-time employees to perform any of the work that inmates are now performing.
The plaintiffs had this to say in response: “Defendants baldly assert that if the labor pool for their garage, garbage, and city park crews is reduced, then ‘CDCR would be forced to draw-down its fire camp population to fill these vital MSF positions.’ That is a red herring; Defendants would not be ‘forced’ to do anything. They could hire public employees to perform tasks like garbage collection, garage work and recycling … ”
In a short order Friday, the federal court seemingly agreed with this argument, ordering California to expand its 2-for-1 credits program.
labor  prison  california  slavery  racism  lawsuit 
november 2014 by Quercki
How to pick the right judge on November 4
Of my four-page California ballot, the part I absolutely loathe is the one that covers judicial races. On Thursday, kamala published her first Daily Kos diary discussing the need for a liberal voting guide that would cover down-ballot races, propositions, and judicial elections by state.  
judge  California 
november 2014 by Quercki
Listen Closely As This California Forest Falls Eerily Quiet Over 10 Years | KQED News
“The biophony is a strong indicator of habitat viability. Think of it as the voice of the natural world,” he says. “Right now at that particular spot, the narrative expressed through that voice is not robust.”

One thing that definitely stands out in these records is the impact of the current drought. In 2004, and 2009, the water of the nearby stream is loud and sounds as if it is moving swiftly. Yet in 2014, the water can barely be heard at all.

Krause intends to continue his annual recordings in Sugarloaf Ridge State Park for years to come.

Here are the individual tracks by year, so you can listen again.
environment  California  birds  nature 
october 2014 by Quercki
California Approves Landmark 'Yes Means Yes' Law - ABC News
State lawmakers last month approved Senate Bill 967 by Sen. Kevin de Leon, D-Los Angeles, as states and universities across the U.S. are under pressure to change how they handle rape allegations. Campus sexual assault victims and women's advocacy groups delivered petitions to Brown's office on Sept. 16 urging him to sign the bill.

De Leon has said the legislation will begin a paradigm shift in how college campuses in California prevent and investigate sexual assaults. Rather than using the refrain "no means no," the definition of consent under the bill requires "an affirmative, conscious and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity."

"Every student deserves a learning environment that is safe and healthy," De Leon said in a statement Sunday night. "The State of California will not allow schools to sweep rape cases under the rug. We've shifted the conversation regarding sexual assault to one of prevention, justice, and healing."
sexual_assault  rape  solution  law  California 
september 2014 by Quercki
Allegory of California - FoundSF
the City Club mural covers a wall between the tenth and eleventh floors and the ceiling above it. Having recently painted frescoes in the chapel at Chapingo, where Rivera portrayed his second wife Lupe as fertile Earth Goddess, he here binds that theme of agriculture to industry, reflecting Ralph Stackpole's two outdoor icon sculptures of those subjects (sources of wealth in California in the 1930s), on Pine Street in front of the Stock Exchange. Here Rivera employs the feminine goddess theme to represent the riches of California, both of the earth and of human endeavor. Famous tennis champion Helen Wills Moody, wearing a gold-leafed wheat motif necklace, with blue eyes looking serenely straight ahead, holds wheat and fruit in her left hand, while her great right hand scoops up earth to reveal the workers toiling in the mines to extract the minerals of industry. In the upper background the artist shows industries of the San Francisco Bay Area--the oil refineries of Richmond, the shipping companies (Matson and Dollar lines) of the Pacific Ocean, and dredging equipment then used in river dredging in search of gold. Two symbols that recur in each of the three major San Francisco frescoes first appear here: one is the portrayal of humanoid air exhaust vents, mechanically fascinating to Rivera, on the top of a building; the second, a gauge with an alarming red warning hand, perhaps representing Rivera's notion that capitalism will ultimately self-destruct.

Specific figures like James Marshall, discoverer of gold at Sutter's Creek in 1848; Luther Burbank, famous horticulturist; Peter Stackpole, the sculptor's son, here holding a model airplane as a vision of future transportation; and Victor Arnautoff, fellow muralist, highlight the development of California after the discovery of gold altered its economy. The Earth Goddess of Chapingo also becomes a Sky Goddess as Moody dives across the ceiling. The birds of the chapel have become airplanes, and there are two amazing examples of polyangularism: an androgynous model, which when folded appears feminine and when extended seems masculine; and a giant sun face, whose beneficent gaze appears to follow the viewer as he walks below it.
California  mural  SF  Diego_Rivera 
march 2014 by Quercki
The Allegory of California by Diego Rivera in San Francisco
Rivera in His Own Words on ‘The Allegory of California’

The Allegory of California was actually the first of Rivera’s frescos to be painted in San Francisco. The City Club of San Francisco was originally part of the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange building (now an Equinox gym!). In his autobiography, Rivera called the building Pflueger’s Stock Exchange. Timothy Pfleuger was a well known architect in the Bay area during the first half of the 20th century, who designed the building and was partly responsible for bringing Rivera to the US.

“The wall I was to cover flanked an interior staircase connecting the two stories of the Exchange’s Luncheon Club. It was thirty feet high. In the central portion of the mural, I painted a colossal figure of a woman representing California. The almost classically beautiful tennis champion Helen Willis Moody served as my model. In portraying her, I made no attempt to formalize her features, but left them recognizably hers. Soon a cry was heard: California was an abstraction and should not be an identifiable likeness of anybody. To this I replied that California was known abroad mainly because of Helen Willis Moody; that she seemed to represent California better than anyone I knew — she was intelligent, young, energetic, and beautiful; and that, finally, if I thought her the best model, I had the right to use her. While the protest spent itself, I painted around her figure the rich and varied resources of the state; on her left, the lush agriculture, it workers, and heroes; on her right, industry, its buildings and machines, and representative working men and women. As a symbol of the future I showed a young California boy facing the sky with a model airplane in his hands.” (107) – Diego Rivera from My Art, My Life: An Autobiography
mural  California  SF  Diego_Rivera 
march 2014 by Quercki
Occupy Fights Foreclosures | Why stay home when you can save a home?
Posted by Suzanne O'Keeffe · October 14, 2013 10:38 PM · 1 reaction
PRESS RELEASE
IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Who:     Attorney Stephen Siringoringo, CA State Bar, Judge Richard Honn, Homeowners

What:    Judge Richard Honn reinstates attorney Stephen L. Siringoringo's licence to practice law

When:   October 8th, 2013 

California State Bar Court Judge Richard Honn reverses decison and reinstates attorney Stephen L. Siringoringo's license while dozens of new victims file complaints against the attorney.
The judge who said that Stephen Siringoringo's conduct posed substantial harm to his clients
and to the public reverses decision and moves to reinstate his license. Even as dozens
of new victims surge and while the attorney ignores court order to properly handle files,
the judge allows atty Siringoringo to continue to practice law.

Occupy Fights Foreclosures statement regarding
Judge Richard Honn decision to reinstate
Stephen Siringoringo license to practice law
in the State of California:
Los Angeles - 10/11/13 -  It has just been reported that attorney Stephen L. Siringoringo, formerly deemed ineligible to practice law on July 26, 2013 by the California State Bar, has been reinstated by the California State Bar.  He is once again eligible to practice law in the State of California.

         The State Bar court judge Richard Honn wrote in his decision that Stephen Siringoringo’s conduct posed substantial harm to his clients or the public and has caused irreparable injury to the public. Judge Honn’s decision was based on mountains of evidence presented to him showing that Stephen Siringoringo had illegally charged unsuspecting homeowners up-front fees for loan modification services.  Siringoringo has been accused of charging for files that were never completed or submitted to the banks and by defrauding unsuspecting homeowners by willingly and knowingly promising loan modifications to clients that were otherwise not eligible for modification. The judge is fully aware of hundreds of additional complaints to the State Bar and additional charges filed by the California State Bar against Stephen Siringoringo. Nevertheless, judge Richard Honn has decided, on an appeal, to reinstate his license.
Occupy_Wall_Street  California  forclosure 
january 2014 by Quercki
Atherton, CA's police blotter: 175 out of 182 reported police stops had drivers with Hispanic surnames - Boing Boing
Kent Brewster made some careful notes and analysis of the Atherton, CA police-blotter, which tells the story of the arrests in one of America's three most expensive places to live. He found that when it came to traffic stops, 175 out of 182 drivers had Hispanic surnames.
discrimination  racism  California  classism  police 
august 2013 by Quercki
Judge rules administration overlooked fracking risks in California mineral leases | Reuters
(Reuters) - A federal judge has ruled the Obama administration broke the law when it issued oil leases in central California without fully weighing the environmental impact of "fracking," a setback for companies seeking to exploit the region's enormous energy resources.

The decision, made public on Monday, effectively bars for the time being any drilling on two tracts of land comprising 2,500 acres leased for oil and gas development in 2011 by the Interior Department's Bureau of Land Management in Monterey County.

The tracts lie atop a massive bed of sedimentary rock known as the Monterey Shale Formation, estimated by the Energy Department to contain more than 15 billion barrels of oil, equal to 64 percent of the total U.S. shale oil reserves.

Most of that oil is not economically retrievable except by hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a production-boosting technique in which large amounts of water, sand and chemicals are injected into shale formations to force hydrocarbon fuels to the surface.

Fracking itself is not a new technology but its widespread use in combination with advances in horizontal drilling to extract oil and gas from underground shale beds has fueled a new onshore U.S. energy boom.

It also has sparked concerns about impacts on the environment, including questions raised about the potential effects of fracking on groundwater.
fracking  oil  California  ecology 
april 2013 by Quercki
Court Victory for Opponents of Fracking in California – EcoWatch: Cutting Edge Environmental News Service
Today, a federal judge has ruled that the Obama Administration violated the law when it issued oil leases in Monterey County, Calif., without considering the environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking. The ruling came in response to a suit brought by the Center for Biological Diversity and the Sierra Club, challenging a September 2011 decision by the federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to auction off about 2,500 acres of land in southern Monterey County to oil companies.
“This important decision recognizes that fracking poses new, unique risks to California’s air, water and wildlife that government agencies can’t ignore,” said Brendan Cummings, senior counsel at the Center for Biological Diversity, who argued the case for the plaintiffs. “This is a watershed moment—the first court opinion to find a federal lease sale invalid for failing to address the monumental dangers of fracking.”
fracking  California  oil  ecology 
april 2013 by Quercki
Toypurina (Sept 2011) | The Breeze From San Juan
A young woman sees the invasion of her land and the subjugation of her people and decides to lead an army of resistance against the invading force. She is the daughter of chiefs, a religious shaman in her own right. She is captured by the invaders, given a show trial, attended by the highest politician of the land and she is made to leave her chosen husband and marries one of the invaders. She is sent to the farthest reaches of the controlled territory where she raises a family and her labor is used to help to build a new outpost for the invasion that she fought. When she dies, her remains are buried at that outpost, far from her homeland. Her family continues in the area.

This is an interesting story which becomes more compelling when we learn that the place of her burial, that outpost her labor was used to build, was our Mission San Juan Bautista. Of the numerous stories that has been buried here in San Juan, here is one that has recently come to life. Toypurina was exiled so that her memory would fade and it has but due to the efforts of members of her southern community her story lives to be told.

She has been compared to Joan of Arc, the French heroine. As a young woman, Joan led an army against the invading forces and after being victorious, was betrayed, captured by her enemies, condemned by the church (which later made her a saint), and burned at the stake for her claim to be guided by God.

From what I have been told and gathered, Toypurina was a medicinewoman, born about 1761. It had been documented that her people were one of the tribes living in the area of Southern California bounded by Topanga Canyon on the North to Orange County and Laguna Beach and the Catalina Islands and the San Gabriel Mountains. Their existence has been traced back 8,000 years by archeologists. Their lives changed with the Spanish exploration in the 1500’s and the Mission Era of 1776 to 1834. They were used to build Mission San Gabriel and so their identifying name, Gabrieleno Band of Mission Indians.

In 1785, at the age of 24, Toypurina led a revolt in response to the forbidding of the Native dances and the treatment of her people by their Spanish conquerers. Betrayed, she was captured, unarmed. One of the Gabrielenos told me that her trial was of sufficient importance that the Governor General of Alta California, Don Pedro Fages, took 17 days to travel from the Capitol in Monterey to Mission San Gabriel.
sheroes  history  Native_American  California  mission 
april 2012 by Quercki
Small Occupy Movements Across the Country Accumulate Victories | Truthout
"The Occupy Barstow website proclaimed that Barstow is 'about as far from Wall Street as you can get.' But the Barstow occupiers probably did not know that there were also Occupy actions in Weaverville, Idyllwild, Calistoga, El Centro and many other small California towns, even in very remote areas," write professor of sociology Christopher Chase-Dunn and graduate student Michaela Curran-Strange.

And the majority of Occupy cities are not in the Northern, more liberal, part of the state. They are almost equally divided between the north and south.

"The north-south finding is interesting because most people believe that the political culture of Northern California is much more Leftist than that of Southern California," Chase-Dunn and Curran-Strange write. "Our findings suggest that this is no longer true, at least as indicated by the propensity to establish Occupy sites."
Occupy_Wall_Street  California 
january 2012 by Quercki
Pushback on ProPublica redistricting story - Political Blotter - Politics in the Bay Area and beyond
As the California Republican Party continues to tout this week’s ProPublica article about Democrats influencing the Citizens Redistricting Commission’s work, there’s some pushback today from some of the state’s prominent political opinion writers.

CalBuzz, the site run by Phil Trounstine – a former Mercury News editor, communications director for Gov. Gray Davis and San Jose State University pollster –and longtime San Francisco Chronicle and Santa Barbara News-Press editor Jerry Roberts, called the study “misleading at best, dishonest at worst and fatally flawed in any case.” From that article:

In the course of their reporting, Calbuzz has learned, Pierce interviewed Eric McGhee of the Public Policy Institute of California, one of the state’s top non-partisan reapportionment experts, who explained to her that the gains forecast for Democrats represent a logical and expected result given a) demographic changes in the last decade and b) the criteria the commission was charged with using.
McGhee even emailed Pierce an advance copy of a 45-page analysis of the commission plan he co-authored with Vladimir Kogan of UC San Diego, which is scheduled to be published in the California Journal of Politics and Policy in a few months. Among its conclusions: given the gerrymandered districts used for the last decade, “it seems unlikely that it is possible to draw any plan that increases competition among congressional seats without also advantaging the Democrats.”
California  redistricting  politics 
december 2011 by Quercki
Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe of Indians
Welcome to the Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribes' official web site. Thank you for visiting, we hope by the time you leave this site you will have gained knowledge of our people and our customs, you'll have the information you need about ongoing projects and workshops, but most important to us, you will learn about the past, the present and the future of our tribe.

We are a people who pride ourselves on what we have accomplished and look forward with excitement towards what is yet to come so please visit this site regularly to stay up on what we are doing and how you can become involved!

Thank you,

Tony Cerda
Chairman
Native_American  California  Coastanoan 
december 2011 by Quercki
Hackel on Missions
In California,Spaniardsencounteredthe most linguisticallydiverseand densely settled native population in all North America. Estimating that 310,000 Indianslived within the boundariesof the presentstate on the eve of Spanish colonization, scholars have classified these Indians into six culture areasand at least ninety distinct languages.7Spanishsettlementwas concen- trated in the coastal region between San Diego and San Francisco, where Indians probably numbered around 6o,ooo in I769.8 As settlement spread north from San Diego, it most directly and immediately affected the Tipai and Ipai around San Diego, the Luisen-oto their immediate north, the Gabrielino of Los Angeles, the Chumash of the Santa Barbararegion, the Yokuts of the Central Valley, the Salinan, Esselen, and Costanoan of the central coast, and the Miwok, Wappo, and Pomo of the San FranciscoBay area. These classifications simplify a complex mosaic, for Indians encom- passedby them lived in semisedentarsyettlementsof i00 to i,000 people, and language and culture often varied from village to village. Trade, mar- riage, and ritual connected these communities, but most villages steadfastly maintained autonomy and protected their areasagainst encroachment.9
California  Native_American  mission  Oakland 
december 2011 by Quercki
(25) The history you...
The history you will never learn in schools, the 18 treaties of CA have never been ratified by congress, therefore the land on which you stand in CA has been illegally stolen from the various tribes in CA. You want peace? end occupation, return the land to the people!

The Constitution of the United States, June 21, 1788

Article I, Section 8, Clause 3, the Commerce Clause "Powers delegated to congress" ...To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes

Article VI, Clause 2, The Supremacy Clause states as follows: ...2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made pursuant thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding...

1852 Treaties were not ratified
1853 August 13, 1853, the Governor of the State of California declared extermination of all Indians in the State of California.
1856 The State of California issued a bounty of $0.25 per Indian scalp
1860 The State of California increased the bounty to $5.00 per Indian scalp
1903 The Federal Government came back into the picture 50 years later and was trying to figure out how to save the existing population. 99% of the Tachi-Yokut population were killed. It took the government 18 years to save them.
1907 The last killing I was able to find was in the Island District Tachi Yokut land. In 1907, 25 to 30 of our people were killed. Also during this time, no Native Americans were allowed to own land.
1921 The Federal Government created 123 Rancherias in California.
1944 The United States let California steal our land for a sale of $1.25 per acre (Bill of Sale K-344); and
1950 The population of Native Americans totaled 22,000 in California (as compared to 394,000, of which 52,000 are federally recognized today.) via Ras K'dee
history  California  Native_American 
december 2011 by Quercki
California Indian History
Organized by the driven Franciscan administrator Junipero Serra and military authorities under Gaspar de Portola, they journeyed to San Diego in 1769 to establish the first of 21 coastal missions.

Despite romantic portraits of California missions they were essentially coercive religious, labor camps organized primarily to benefit the colonizers. The overall plan was to first militarily intimidate the local Indians with armed Spanish soldiers who always accompanied the Franciscans in their missionary efforts. At the same time the newcomers introduced domestic stock animals that gobbled up native foods and undermined the free or "genitle" tribes efforts to remain economically independent. A well established pattern of bribes, intimidation and the expected onslaught of European diseases insured experienced missionaries that eventually desperate parents of sick and dying children and many elders would prompt frightened Indian families to seek assistance from the newcomers who seemed to be immune to the horrible diseases that overwhelmed Indians. The missions were authorized by the crown to "convert" the Indians in a ten year period. Thereafter they were suppose to surrender their control over the missions livestock, fields, orchards and building to the Indians. But the padres never achieved this goal and the lands and wealth was stolen from the Indians.

Epidemic diseases proved to be the most significant factor in colonial efforts to overcome native resistance. Soon after the arrival of Spanish colonists, new diseases appeared among the tribes in close proximity Spanish missions. Scientific study of demographic trends during this period indicate the Indians of the America's did not possess any natural immunities to introduced European diseases. Maladies such as smallpox, syphilis, diphtheria and even children's' ailments such as chickenpox and measles caused untold suffering and death among Indians near the Spanish centers of population. Even before the outbreak of epidemics, a general population decline was recorded that can be attributed to the unhygenic environment of colonial population centers. A series of murderous epidemic diseases swept over the terrified mission Indian populations. Beginning in 1777 a voracious epidemic likely associated with a water born bacterial infection devastated Santa Clara Valley Costanoan children. Again children were the primary victims of a second epidemic of pneumonia and diphtheria expended from Monterey to Los Angeles was recorded in 1802. By far the worst of these terrifying epidemics began in 1806 and killed thousands of Indian children and adults. It has been identified as measles and attacked Indian populations from San Francisco to the central coast settlement of Santa Barbara. Sadly, the missionary practice of forcibly separating Indian children from their parents and incarcerating children from the age of six in filthy and disease ridden gender barracks most likely increased the suffering and death of above mentioned epidemics. Excessive manual labor demands of the missionaries and poor nutrition probably contributed to the Indians inability to resist such infections. Less easily measured damage to mission Indian tribes occurred as they vainly struggled to understand the biological tragedy that was overwhelming them. Faith in their traditional shaman suffered when native efforts were ineffective in stemming the tide of misery, suffering and death that life in the missions resulted in. With monotonous regularity, missionaries and other colonial officials reported upon the massive death and poor health of their Indian laborers. Pioneering demographer Sherburne F. Cook conducted exhaustive studies and concluded that perhaps as much as 60% of the population decline of mission Indians was due to introduced diseases.

NATIVE RESISTANCE

The unrelenting labor demands, forced separation of children from their parents and un-ending physical coercion that characterized the life of Indians under padre's authority resulted in several well documented forms of Indian resistance. Within the missions, the so-called "converts" continued to surreptitiously worship their old deities as well as conduct native dances and rituals in secret. By far the most frequent form of mission Indian resistance was fugativism. While thousands of the 81,586 baptized Indians temporarily fled their missions, more that one out of 24 successfully escaped the plantation like mission labor camps. Many Mission Indians viewed the padres as powerful witches who could only be neutralized by assassination. Consequently, several assassinations occurred. At Mission San Miguel in the year of 1801 three padres were poisoned, one of whom died as a result. Four years later another San Miguel Yokut male attempted to stone a padre to death, In 1804 a San Diego Padre was poisoned by his personal cook Costanoan Indians at Mission Santa Cruz, in 1812, killed a padre for introducing a new instrument of torture which he unwisely announced he planned to use on some luckless neophytes awaiting a beating. Few contemporaries Americans know of the widespread armed revolts precipitated by Mission Indians against colonial authorities.
Native_American  California  Oakland 
december 2011 by Quercki
California Indians could regain ancestral lands - SFGate
Some California Indian tribes have the potential to regain their ancestral lands and restore age-old relationships between people and the environment in the Golden State.

An unlikely turn of events has opened up this historic opportunity. PG&E's 2001 bankruptcy resulted in the formation of the Pacific Forest and Watershed Lands Stewardship Council, a nonprofit organization designed to distribute lands PG&E agreed to donate as part of its settlement agreement. Now, after years of being denied rights to their traditional lands, tribes have the opportunity to recover some of what was previously theirs.
...
The council's board of directors met this month to decide who will receive the latest round of divested lands - unfortunately, none of the board's recommendations side with traditional tribal owners this time. Hopefully, the council will do better for the tribes in our state in the future.
...

At the heart of this issue is the question of who will better manage and care for these lands. While rival organizations suggest they are more stable and better suited to take stewardship, many of these agencies don't have good track records of management themselves. Many of California's open spaces are choked with overgrowth leading to systemic ecological problems and the perpetual threat of wildfires. Arguably, the present condition would never have come into being if it weren't for over 100 years of fire suppression policies that prohibited California Indians from burning their ancestral lands.

Because California's plant and animal communities evolved alongside California Indian burning strategies for millennia, California's ecosystems require burning at a scope and scale consistent with these practices. As such, the health of California's native vegetation is tied to the vitality of native burning. Many land managers including the U.S. Forest Service have begun to understand this insight and are working with tribes to redesign and re-implement burning regimes consistent with the goals of traditional burning practices.
Native_American  california  fire  plants 
december 2011 by Quercki
Native American Netroots:: California's Mission Indians
The formation of the Mission Indians began with the Spanish policy of congregación: the forced resettlement of Indian populations in nucleated settlements. The formation of large communities facilitated the conversion to Catholicism of the Indians. Many priests felt that it was a burden to have to visit the many small dispersed Indian communities. It was also easier for royal officials to collect tribute and organize labor drafts in the new larger communities.
The missionaries, with the help of well-armed soldiers, congregated Indians into fairly large communities which were organized along the lines of those in the core areas of Spanish America. Here Indian converts were to be indoctrinated in Catholicism and taught European-style ... skills deemed useful by the Spaniards. By using Indian labor to produce surplus grain supplies for the Spanish military garrisons, the Franciscan missionaries were able to view Indians as both potential converts and labor.
california  missions  nativeamerican  slavery 
december 2010 by Quercki
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