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The Bailout Was 11 Years Ago. We’re Still Tracking Every Penny. — ProPublica
The Bailout Was 11 Years Ago. We’re Still Tracking Every Penny.
Over a decade ago, we started a database to track TARP, the 2008 bailout of the financial system. It turns out bailouts are forever, and we’re still updating the damn thing. So, recently, we decided to give it a makeover.
bank  bailout  data  TARP 
10 days ago by Quercki
What happened to the 2008 bailout money? / Boing Boing
In 2008, Congress authorized a $700b bailout of the finance sector, with almost no strings attached (notably, the bailout did not require banks that were receiving public subsidies to abstain from foreclosures or penalties for the members of the public who had just bailed the banks out).

Eleven years later, Propublica -- which started publication shortly before the bailouts happened -- is still tracking every dime of that money. Much of it was repaid -- with interest, even -- but large swathes of it disappeared forever, having enriched reckless bankers without saving their depositors.

Propublica's interactive bailout tracker lets you enter the name of a company or bank to find out how much it got and what's happened since.

But for a snapshot, Propublica's annual report on the state of the bailout is a great look at what's become of that $0.8t public spending program.
bank  bailout  data 
10 days ago by Quercki
The big fat truth : Nature News & Comment
The big fat truth

More and more studies show that being overweight does not always shorten life — but some public-health researchers would rather not talk about them.
fat  health  obesity  mortality  data 
15 days ago by Quercki
The obesity paradox: Scientists now think that being overweight can protect your health — Quartz
Flegal found the lowest mortality rates among people in the overweight to mildly obese categories. It’s true that these groups are slightly more likely to suffer from heart disease and some other life-threatening conditions in the first place. But many factors influence the likelihood of a person getting heart disease. And a strong link between weight and disease only emerges among people with severe obesity. So taken at face value, the results seemed to be showing that a little extra weight is genuinely beneficial.

Flegal is a meticulous researcher: her most recent analysis incorporated data from almost 100 studies and close to three million people. It was published by the prestigious Journal of the American Medical Association. Yet Flegal’s work has made her a target for those who scoff at the paradox. Walter Willett, a researcher at the Harvard School of Public Health who has taken a high-profile stance against obesity, told NPR that one recent Flegal study was “really a pile of rubbish” and that “no one should waste their time reading it.” (He was later admonished by the editors at Nature. In recent comments to Quartz, he reiterated his view that the study was “rubbish.”)
Being overweight is now believed to help protect patients with an increasingly long list of medical problems.

Willett’s complaints are starting to look less credible, however, because no one has been able to make the paradox go away.
fat  health  obesity  mortality  data 
15 days ago by Quercki
What sort of people become white nationalists? - Separated and unequal
the move from talking tough online to showing one’s face in the physical world had actual consequences. Some of the attendees at last year’s rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, lost their jobs and were publicly shamed; others faced lawsuits. Tech firms booted and shunned them.

On the eve of the march, George Hawley, a political scientist at the University of Alabama, dug into the demography of white nationalists—in particular, into the thesis advanced by Angela Nagle, the author of a book about the alt-right, that the decline of monogamy and traditional marriage has led low-status men to assert themselves through white-supremacist beliefs.

Mr Hawley posited three factors linking adherents of racist movements: a strong sense of white identity, belief in the importance of white solidarity and a sense of white victimisation. In 2016 the American National Election Survey asked respondents three revealing questions: on a five-point scale, they were to indicate how important race is to their identity, how important they think it is that “whites work together to change laws that are unfair to whites,” and how much discrimination they think whites face in America. A
White  supremacy  data 
24 days ago by Quercki
EXCLUSIVE Republican lawmakers are being told to... - Pamela Mays McDonald
Republican lawmakers are being told to indulge in "both-siderism" to counter gun control arguments in the wake of domestic terror incidents. They are being instructed to distract from questions about white supremacism with #whataboutism lies about non-right-wing organizations and individuals. Expect to see this strategy continue to unfold as these instances proliferate. You'll hear "But Planned Parenthood kills babies" or other classic defenses. Online "sock puppets," trolls and bots will amplify these messages to millions. We have already seen Trump call for Antifa to be labeled as terrorists over the weekend.

They are not going to do anything about the threat of white nationalist domestic terrorism.
White  supremacy  gun  control  whataboutism  data  trolls 
8 weeks ago by Quercki
Common red flag in gunmen is anger toward women - Marin Independent Journal
The man who shot nine people to death last weekend in Dayton, Ohio, seethed at female classmates and threatened them with violence.

The man who massacred 49 people in an Orlando nightclub in 2016 beat his wife while she was pregnant, she told authorities.

The man who killed 26 people in a church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, in 2017 had been convicted of domestic violence. His ex-wife said he once told her that he could bury her body where no one would ever find it.

The motivations of men who commit mass shootings are often muddled, complex or unknown. But one common thread that connects many of them — other than access to powerful firearms — is a history of hating women, assaulting wives, girlfriends and female family members, or sharing misogynistic views online, researchers say.

As the nation grapples with last weekend’s mass shootings and debates new red-flag laws and tighter background checks, some gun control advocates say the role of misogyny in these attacks should be considered in efforts to prevent them.

The fact that mass shootings are almost exclusively perpetrated by men is “missing from the national conversation,” said Gov. Gavin Newsom of California on Monday. “Why does it have to be, why is it men, dominantly, always?”
misogyny  massacre  murder  guns  data 
8 weeks ago by Quercki
New study finds police-related fatalities may occur twice as often as reported | Cornell Chronicle
“One thing that really stands out within our research is that while the large central metros see a large chunk of killings by police, it is only a third of the total,” Edwards said. “That means two-thirds of all the shootings we’re finding are in suburban, smaller metropolitan and rural areas, which have received scant attention from both researchers and the media.”

In the Mountain States, police were responsible for about 17 percent of all homicides, while in the Middle Atlantic states, police accounted for about 5 percent of all homicides. Police accounted for more than 10 percent of all homicides in predominantly rural areas and about 7 percent of all homicides in large central metropolitan areas.
police  murder  people  rural  study  data 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
8% of all male homicides are committed by police, study says — and black men are most at risk
It was clear to me that we didn’t have an understanding of basic police killing facts — how prevalent they are, and some of the geographic regions they happen a lot in,” he added. “We hadn’t really established good baselines for what the rates of killing were.”

Many questions still need to be answered. Edwards is currently working on a future study that will more closely look at the lifetime risk of being killed by police among black, white, Latino/Latina, American Indian, Alaskan Native and Asian-Pacific Islander men and women. So far, his research suggests black women are at the highest risk of police homicide, followed generally by Latina women, then American Indian, white and Asian.

There’s also a question of why so many people die during encounters with police, regardless of whether or not it was a homicide.
police  murder  people  study  data 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
Risk of Police-Involved Death by Race/Ethnicity and Place, United States, 2012–2018 | AJPH | Vol. 108 Issue 9
Objectives. To estimate the risk of mortality from police homicide by race/ethnicity and place in the United States.

Methods. We used novel data on police-involved fatalities and Bayesian models to estimate mortality risk for Black, Latino, and White men for all US counties by Census division and metropolitan area type.

Results. Police kill, on average, 2.8 men per day. Police were responsible for about 8% of all homicides with adult male victims between 2012 and 2018. Black men’s mortality risk is between 1.9 and 2.4 deaths per 100 000 per year, Latino risk is between 0.8 and 1.2, and White risk is between 0.6 and 0.7.

Conclusions. Police homicide risk is higher than suggested by official data. Black and Latino men are at higher risk for death than are White men, and these disparities vary markedly across place.

Public Health Implications. Homicide reduction efforts should consider interventions to reduce the use of lethal force by police. Efforts to address unequal police violence should target places with high mortality risk.
police  murder  Black  Latino  men  study  data 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
Study: Police use-of-force among leading cause of death for...
For young men of color, police use-of-force is among the leading causes of death, according to a study from the University of Michigan, Rutgers University and Washington University.

Police use-of-force—which includes asphyxiation, beating, a chemical agent, a medical emergency, a Taser, or a gunshot—trails accidental death, suicide, other homicides, heart disease and cancer as a leading cause of death for young black men, who have the highest risk of being killed by police, according to the study.

About 100 in 100,000 black men and boys will be killed by police during their lives, while 39 white men and boys per 100,000 are killed by police, findings in the study show. This means black men are about 2.5 times more likely to be killed by police than white men.

"It's a striking number," said study co-author Michael Esposito, a postdoctoral researcher in the Survey Research Center at the U-M Institute for Social Research. "There have been arguments about how widespread of a problem this is. We didn't have a good estimate about whether it's a few cases that received a lot of media attention.
police  violence  Black  male  death  data 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
Can police data predict how ‘bad apple’ officers influence their fellow cops? New study says yes. - Chicago Tribune
For years, researchers and police officials across the country have mined data such as arrest and shooting records to examine how criminals influence each other’s behavior — and in the process try to predict who might be the next gunman or victim.

A study to be released Thursday takes the same approach but looks at whether data on police themselves can help determine if officers with complaints of using excessive force can influence a colleague’s chances of being accused of similar conduct.

The answer is yes, said the study’s co-author, Andrew Papachristos, a Northwestern University sociologist who has done extensive work on studying networks of gun offenders, including in Chicago.
police  violence  data  solution  Oakland  Riders  Kirkpatrick 
10 weeks ago by Quercki
Mapped: The Wealthiest and Poorest County in Every U.S. State
The Wealthiest and Poorest County in Every U.S. State

View the high resolution version of today’s graphic by clicking here.

The average U.S. state is made up of 62 counties.

With so many counties spread throughout each state in the nation, it’s not surprising that we can find counties that exemplify almost any part of the American experience.

In this case, we’re comparing county-level data to look at the differences in economic opportunity within each state. More specifically, we are looking at the range of median household income, which is one proxy for the difference in economic status between counties.
Disparity by State

Today’s infographic comes to us from TitleMax, and it looks at the wealthiest and poorest counties in each individual U.S. state based on the measure of median household income.
wealth  data  graphs 
10 weeks ago by Quercki
Oakland homelessness surges 47% — per-capita number now higher than SF and Berkeley -
In the count taken in January using federal guidelines, Oakland had 861 sheltered people and 3,210 unsheltered people, bringing the estimated number of homeless people to 4,071. In 2017, Oakland had 859 sheltered people and 1,902 unsheltered residents, a total of 2,761.

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The spike, which shocked many at City Hall, comes despite efforts by the city to tackle the homelessness problem, including the creation of community cabins and the opening of a safe RV parking site.

“Of course, it is disappointing ... that we’ve had the highest increase, at least in the Bay Area,” said Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf. “It shows that we need to do more; we need to do things differently and we need to act with a sense of urgency that is greater than anything we’ve seen in the past.”

Oakland’s homelessness rate is now 940 per 100,000 population, slightly higher than San Francisco, at 906, and Berkeley, at 898.

The city’s homeless population accounts for nearly half of Alameda County’s tota
Oakland  homeless  data  20190722 
11 weeks ago by Quercki
Lessons from testing decades of forgotten rape kits: serial rapists are common, they don't follow a pattern, they're not very bright, and they're often the same men who commit acquaintance rape / Boing Boing
The first insight is that serial rapists are very common and very prolific. Police departments had assumed that rapes with different types of victims and different techniques were committed by different men, but it turns out that serial rapists aren't meticulous and careful repeaters of patterns: they're chaotic and impatient and even if they're looking for a specific kind of woman to attack, if they can't find someone who matches their desires, they'll just attack any handy woman.

So rapists also aren't very smart about their crimes: their poor impulse control leaves behind plenty of physical evidence that can be used to convict them (Former Cuyahoga County prosecutor Tim McGinty: "These are not the Napoleons of crime. They’re morons. We were letting morons beat us"). They get away with it because the cops don't investigate rapes.

They're also not discriminating as to the kind of crimes they commit: as the old rape kits are subjected to DNA tests, we're learning that many men who've been committed for petty property crimes or non-sexual assaults have also committed strings of rapes. Frequently, these men start with vulnerable women (poor women, sex workers, women with disabilities, women who are addicted) and then rape women with more privilege, which sometimes leads to the police taking action. But the lack of action on rape kits meant that even when a rapist was convicted for an assault on a wealthy white woman, we didn't know about the string of rapes on less-privileged women in his past.
rape  serial  rapists  crime  rape.culture  police  test  data  facts  DNA 
july 2019 by Quercki
Homeless population jumps by thousands across the San Francisco Bay Area - Los Angeles Times
Farther south in the Bay Area, the number of homeless people living in Santa Clara County increased 31% over the last two years, from 7,394 to 9,706, according to preliminary results released by the county. San Jose saw a surge of 1,822 people, for a total of 6,172 homeless residents living in the county’s largest city.

“We all have a shared responsibility to address this crisis — every city and every neighborhood,” San Jose Mayor Sam Liccardo said in a statement. “That means we must house homeless neighbors here, not the proverbial ‘somewhere else.’”

In the East Bay’s Alameda County, the numbers weren’t any better, with a 43% increase since 2017. The homeless population there numbers 8,022, of which 6,312 are unsheltered.

The full reports for both counties will be released in July as well. The organization that conducted Alameda’s count, EveryOne Home, says that about 1,500 people return to permanent housing every year, but that number is offset by the 3,000 people who fall into homelessness for the first time each year.
homelessness  data  2019 
may 2019 by Quercki
Men, Women Generally Hold Similar Abortion Attitudes
Men, Women Generally Hold Similar Abortion Attitudes
by Frank Newport
Men, Women Generally Hold Similar Abortion Attitudes
Story Highlights

19% of both men and women say abortion should be totally illegal
31% of women and 26% of men want abortion to be totally legal
42% of female college graduates want abortion to be totally legal
Gallup, May 1-10,2018
abortion  public  opinion  data  polling 
may 2019 by Quercki
Public Opinion on Abortion | Pew Research Center
Views on abortion, 1995-2018

As of 2018, public support for legal abortion remains as high as it has been in two decades of polling. Currently, 58% say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, while 37% say it should be illegal in all or most cases.
public  opinion  data  abortion 
may 2019 by Quercki
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2019 | Prison Policy Initiative
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2019
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By Wendy Sawyer and Peter Wagner
March 19, 2019

Can it really be true that most people in jail are being held before trial? And how much of mass incarceration is a result of the war on drugs? These questions are harder to answer than you might think, because our country’s systems of confinement are so fragmented. The various government agencies involved in the justice system collect a lot of critical data, but it is not designed to help policymakers or the public understand what’s going on. As public support for criminal justice reform continues to build, however, it’s more important than ever that we get the facts straight and understand the big picture.

This report offers some much needed clarity by piecing together this country’s disparate systems of confinement. The American criminal justice system holds almost 2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 109 federal prisons, 1,772 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,163 local jails, and 80 Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, immigration detention facilities, civil commitment centers, state psychiatric hospitals, and prisons in the U.S. territories. This report provides a detailed look at where and why people are locked up in the U.S., and dispels some modern myths to focus attention on the real drivers of mass incarceration.
prison  jail  detention  data 
may 2019 by Quercki
MIT Scientists prove adults learn language to fluency nearly as well as children
This week a new paper was published in the journal Cognition titled “A Critical Period for Second Language Acquisition” that used a new, viral Facebook-quiz-powered method of gathering a huge linguistic dataset to provide new insights into how human beings learn language and what effect age has on that process.

In a nutshell, this team found that if you start learning a language before the age of 18, you have a much better likelihood of obtaining a native-like mastery of the language’s grammar than if you start later. This is a much older age than has been generally assumed and is really interesting for reasons I’ll get into a bit later.

This data has also given us a really amazing insight into language learning in general and shows that adults of any age can obtain incredible mastery nearly as quickly as children.
language  learning  data 
may 2019 by Quercki
Former employees file whistleblower suit against Bay Area Air Quality Management District | The San Francisco Examiner
Two former employees of the Bay Area Air Quality Management District have filed a wrongful termination lawsuit claiming they were fired after refusing to participate in the illegal destruction of documents critical to monitoring air quality and enforcing regulations, their attorneys said Tuesday.
air  pollution  data  destroyed  whistleblower 
may 2019 by Quercki
ALAMEDA COUNTYEVERYONE COUNTS HOMELESS POINT-IN-TIMECOUNT AND SURVEY2017Every two years, during the last 10 days of January, communities across the country conduct comprehensive counts of the local homeless populations in order to measure the prevalence of homelessness in each local Continuum of Care. The 2017 Alameda County Point-in-Time Count was a community-wide effort conducted on January 30, 2017. The entire county was canvassed by teams of volunteers and guides with lived experience. In the weeks following the street count, a survey was administered to 1,228 unsheltered and sheltered homeless individuals, in order to profile their experience and characteristics
Alameda  county  homeless  data 
may 2019 by Quercki
About Us - LittleSis
About LittleSis

LittleSis is a free database detailing the connections between powerful people and organizations. We bring transparency to influential social networks by tracking the key relationships of politicians, business leaders, lobbyists, financiers, and their affiliated institutions. We help answer questions such as:

Who do the wealthiest Americans donate their money to?
Where did White House officials work before they were appointed?
Which lobbyists are married to politicians, and who do they lobby for?

All of this information is public, but scattered. We bring it together in one place. Our data derives from government filings, news articles, and other reputable sources. Some data sets are updated automatically; the rest is filled in by our user community. More Features »
LittleSis lets you see past the news headlines and tired debates

Who are the movers and shakers behind the bailouts, government contracts, and new policies? We’re working around the clock to stock LittleSis with information about bigwigs who make the news, and their connections to those who don't. For updates and analysis visit our blog, Eyes on the Ties »
LittleSis is meant to support the work of journalists, watchdogs, and grassroots activists.

We're bringing together a community of citizens who believe in transparency and accountability where it matters most. We're looking for researchers, programmers, artists and organizers to lend a hand. Get Involved »
LittleSis is built and maintained by a nonprofit think-and-do tank.

LittleSis is a project of Public Accountability Initiative, a 501(c)3 organization focused on corporate and government accountability. We receive financial support from foundations and benefit from free software written by the open source community. Our Team »
politics  relationships  data 
may 2019 by Quercki
Budget Explorer | City of Oakland
Oakland Budget Explorer

The City of Oakland invites the public to explore our City budget. Engage with interactive charts, graphs and tables to better understand our City's finances.

$ 1.33 Billion

Explore the revenue sources that provide resources to support City services and operations.

$ 1.33 Billion

Explore how the City spends to serve its residents.
Oakland  budget  data  **** 
february 2019 by Quercki
Young Trans Children Know Who They Are - The Atlantic
When the 85 gender-nonconforming children first enrolled in Olson’s study, her team administered a series of five tests that asked what toys and clothes they preferred; whether they preferred hanging out with girls or boys; how similar they felt to girls or boys; and which genders they felt they currently were or would be. Together, these markers of identity gave the team a way to quantify each kid’s sense of gender.
children who showed stronger gender nonconformity at this point were more likely to socially transition. So, for example, assigned boys who had the most extreme feminine identities were most likely to be living as girls two years later. This link couldn’t be explained by other factors, such as how liberal the children’s parents were. Instead, the children’s gender identity predicted their social transitions. “I think this wouldn’t surprise parents of trans kids, and my findings are often ‘duh’ findings for them,” says Olson. “It seems pretty intuitive.”
trans  transgender  science  data 
january 2019 by Quercki
Census Race Categories: A Historical Timeline
How Census Race Categories Have Changed Over Time

E xplore the different race, ethnicity and origin categories used in the U.S. decennial census, from the first one in 1790 to the latest count in 2010. The category names often changed in a reflection of current politics, science and public attitudes. For example, “colored” became “black,” with “Negro” and “African American” added later. The term “Negro” will be dropped for the 2020 census. Through 1950, census-takers commonly determined the race of the people they counted. From 1960 on, Americans could choose their own race. Starting in 2000, Americans could include themselves in more than one racial category. Before that, many multiracial people were counted in only one racial category.
race  census  data  Pew 
january 2019 by Quercki
Collection Development: Reference Resources Roundup #8 (A Curated Collection of Recently Published or Updated Data-Rich Reports Available on the Web) | LJ infoDOCKET
You are here: Home / News / Collection Development: Reference Resources Roundup #8 (A Curated Collection of Recently Published or Updated Data-Rich Reports Available on the Web)
Collection Development: Reference Resources Roundup #8 (A Curated Collection of Recently Published or Updated Data-Rich Reports Available on the Web)
january 2019 by Quercki
Senator Wyden proposes 20 prison sentences for CEOs who lie about data collection and protection / Boing Boing
Senator Ron Wyden [D-OR] (previously) has introduced the Consumer Data Protection Act, which extends personal criminal liability to the CEOs of companies worth more than $1B or who hold data on more than 50,000,000 people who knowingly mislead the FTC in a newly mandated system of annual reports on the steps the company has taken to secure the data.

CEOs whose companies lie to the FTC about these measures will face 20 years in prison and $5 million in fines for breaches.
privacy  data  law  jail  CEO 
november 2018 by Quercki
Why The World Is Getting Better And Why Hardly Anyone Knows It
In a powerful study entitled “The short history of global living conditions and why it matters that we know it” by Max Roser, an economist at the University of Oxford and the founder of Our World in Data, we learn that on virtually all of the key dimensions of human material well-being—poverty, literacy, health, freedom, and education—the world is an extraordinarily better place than it was just a couple of centuries ago.
data  poverty  poor  literacy  education  health  freedom  statistics 
october 2018 by Quercki
Album Liner Notes
We are the largest archive of Liner Notes on the internet.
Glad to see you here, have fun, look around.
You will find some good stuff here.
music  data  liner  notes  albums  artist 
april 2018 by Quercki
A political scientist has discovered a surprising way to increase voter turnout. It starts in childhood. - The Washington Post
Using 20 years’ worth of data from an intervention program called Fast Track, which was designed to help at-risk children develop social skills with the aim of improving their future general well-being, Holbein was able to find a causal connection between children who developed certain social skills early on and a greater likelihood of voting later on in life.

The Fast Track program, which started in 1992, targeted 891 kids. Half were placed in the control group, and half were placed in the treatment group. Those in the treatment group received special training on social skills, including skills for emotional understanding and communication, friendship, self-control and social problem-solving.

Matching data from Fast Track participants to state voter files, Holbein found that children who received social skills training were noticeably more likely to vote. Those who were assigned to the Fast Track program in childhood voted at a rate 6.6 percent higher than those in the control group. When factors such as race, gender, age and socioeconomic status were taken into account, the difference in voter turnout rose to 7.3 percent above the control group.
voter  social  data 
march 2018 by Quercki
Men, women, and murder: gender-specific differences in rates of fatal violence and victimization. - PubMed - NCBI
J Trauma. 1992 Jul;33(1):1-5.
Men, women, and murder: gender-specific differences in rates of fatal violence and victimization.

Kellermann AL1, Mercy JA.
Author information

To study the potential differences that distinguish homicides involving women as victims or offenders from those involving men, we analyzed Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports data on homicides that occurred in the United States between 1976 and 1987. Only cases that involved victims aged 15 years or older were included. Persons killed during law enforcement activity and cases in which the victim's gender was not recorded were excluded. A total of 215,273 homicides were studied, 77% of which involved male victims and 23% female victims. Although the overall risk of homicide for women was substantially lower than that of men (rate ratio [RR] = 0.27), their risk of being killed by a spouse or intimate acquaintance was higher (RR = 1.23). In contrast to men, the killing of a woman by a stranger was rare (RR = 0.18). More than twice as many women were shot and killed by their husband or intimate acquaintance than were murdered by strangers using guns, knives, or any other means. Although women comprise more than half the U.S. population, they committed only 14.7% of the homicides noted during the study interval. In contrast to men, who killed nonintimate acquaintances, strangers, or victims of undetermined relationship in 80% of cases, women killed their spouse, an intimate acquaintance, or a family member in 60% of cases. When men killed with a gun, they most commonly shot a stranger or a non-family acquaintance.
murder  death  men  women  data  statistics 
march 2018 by Quercki
This is how much money you need to be happy, according to science
we now have a rough idea of just how much $ = :) in US dollars.

"We found that the ideal income point is $95,000 for life evaluation [overall life satisfaction] and $60,000 to $75,000 for emotional well-being [day-to-day happiness]," Jebb says.

"Again, this amount is for individuals and would likely be higher for families."

Of course, the global average masks how satiation points are significantly higher in some countries than in others, broadly associated with how wealthy each nation is comparatively.

Life satisfaction costs $125,000 in Australia, $105,000 in North America, and $100,000 in Western Europe – but only $70,000 in Southeast Asia, $45,000 in Eastern Europe, and $35,000 in Latin America.

Globally, it's cheaper for men to be satisfied with their lives ($90,000) than women ($100,000), and for people of low ($70,000) or moderate education ($85,000) than people with higher education ($115,000).
income  money  happy  data 
march 2018 by Quercki
Too Many Rapes Dismissed | East Bay Express
Although Anderson’s case was considered to be “founded,” that is, an actual rape, the story of how OPD botched her case illustrates the ways in which law enforcement agencies can mishandle and misidentify sexual assaults.

According to FBI data, East Bay law enforcement agencies have determined that hundreds of rape reports they’ve received in the past four years were “unfounded,” that is, they were determined by investigators to be false or baseless. Experts say a high rate of unfounded cases can be an indicator of poor investigatory practices. An analysis published last year by the nonprofit open government advocacy group the Sunlight Foundation found that three East Bay police departments—Concord, Berkeley, and Oakland—have some of the highest rates of unfounded rape cases in the country. The high rates raise concerns that these agencies have done a poor job investigating sexual assaults.
rape  Oakland  Concord  Berkeley  police  statistics  data 
january 2018 by Quercki
Police shoot far more people than anyone realized, a VICE News investigation reveals – VICE News
December 11, 2017
An exclusive analysis of data from the 50 largest local police departments in the United States shows that police shoot Americans more than twice as often as previously known.

Police shootings aren’t just undercounted — police in these departments shoot black people at a higher rate and shoot unarmed people far more often than any data has shown. Recent reform efforts have already worked to bring down police shootings, our investigation shows. Yet Attorney General Jeff Sessions is moving away from these reforms, to the dismay of advocates, experts, and some local law enforcement officials.

VICE News examined both fatal and nonfatal incidents to determine that cops in the 50 largest local departments shot at least 3,631 people from 2010 through 2016. That’s more than 500 people a year. On more than 700 other occasions, police fired at citizens and missed. Two-thirds of the people cops fired at survived.
police  shooting  gun  data  statistics  city 
december 2017 by Quercki
Murder Accountability Project
Why We Exist
America does a poor job tracking and accounting for its unsolved homicides. Every year, at least 5,000 killers get away with murder. The rate at which police clear homicides through arrest has declined over the years until, today, about a third go unsolved.

As a result, more than 229,000 Americans have perished in unsolved homicides committed since 1980 — more than the combined death toll of all U.S. military actions since World War II. In fact, total U.S. military fatalities during the eight-year invasion and occupation of Iraq were less than a single year of civilian losses from unsolved domestic homicides.

No one knows all the names of these victims because no law enforcement agency in America is assigned to monitor failed homicide investigations by local police departments. Even the official national statistics on murder are actually estimates and projections based upon incomplete reports by police departments that voluntarily choose (or refuse) to participate in federal crime reporting programs.
The Murder Accountability Project is a nonprofit group organized in 2015 and dedicated to educate Americans on the importance of accurately accounting for unsolved homicides within the United States. We seek to obtain information from federal, state and local governments about unsolved homicides and to publish this information. The Project’s Board of Directors is composed of retired law enforcement investigators, investigative journalists, criminologists and other experts on various aspects of homicide.

At this site, you can determine how often police departments in your community clear a homicide through arrest using the "Clearance Rates" tab. You can also explore individual cases reported to the FBI or obtained by the Murder Accountability Project under local Freedom of Information Acts. Using the "Search Cases" tab, you can look for patterns in the occurrence of specific types of homicides and how often police identified the offender.
murder  statistics  data 
december 2017 by Quercki
Was The Democratic Primary A Close Call Or A Landslide? | FiveThirtyEight
look at the aggregate popular vote, which makes for easier comparisons to past elections. According to The Green Papers, Clinton won 16.8 million votes to 13.2 million for Sanders, or about 55 percent of the vote to his 43 percent, a 12 percentage point gap.1
Hillary  Bernie_Sanders  vote  data 
september 2017 by Quercki
Palantir Contract Dispute Exposes NYPD’s Lack of Transparency | Brennan Center for Justice
First, some background. Palantir is a secretive tech company founded in part with funds from In-Q-Tel, the venture capital arm of the CIA. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is one of dozens of government agencies with multimillion-dollar Palantir contracts, fueling fears that the technology could be used to enforce President Donald Trump’s aggressive immigration agenda. The NYPD has also had a contract with Palantir for years, but the specifics are still unknown.

All we know is that the NYPD was licensing Palantir software to produce analysis from data collected by the police, such as arrest records, license-plate reads, and parking tickets. According to BuzzFeed, Palatir’s software “graphs this data in a way that can reveal connections among crimes and people.” The NYPD’s continued use of this analytic data is at the center of the ongoing contract dispute. Palantir has declined to hand over a readable version of the data to the NYPD, claiming that doing so would threaten its intellectual property.

All of this begs the question: Why are New Yorkers just learning about this now, and where is the public oversight? 

We know who’s not being kept in the loop: the New York City Council.
CIA  NYPD  police  surveillance  data 
august 2017 by Quercki
Weight Science: Evaluating the Evidence for a Paradigm Shift | Nutrition Journal | Full Text
Assumption: The only way for overweight and obese people to improve health is to lose weight
Evidence: That weight loss will improve health over the long-term for obese people is, in fact, an untested hypothesis. One reason the hypothesis is untested is because no methods have proven to reduce weight long-term for a significant number of people. Also, while normal weight people have lower disease incidence than obese individuals, it is unknown if weight loss in individuals already obese reduces disease risk to the same level as that observed in those who were never obese [91, 93].

As indicated by research conducted by one of the authors and many other investigators, most health indicators can be improved through changing health behaviors, regardless of whether weight is lost [11]. For example, lifestyle changes can reduce blood pressure, largely or completely independent of changes in body weight [11, 141, 142, 143]. The same can be said for blood lipids [11, 143, 144, 145]. Improvements in insulin sensitivity and blood lipids as a result of aerobic exercise training have been documented even in individuals who gained body fat during the intervention [145, 146].
fat  obesity  data  facts  lies  truth 
june 2017 by Quercki
The Constitution gives us four missions

“We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union...
Establish Justice and Ensure Domestic Tranquility

Licensed drivers

Children in foster care

Provide for the Common Defense
Armed forces

Foreign aid obligations

Visas Granted

Promote the General Welfare
Economy and Infrastructure
Gross domestic product
$17,947 Billion

Life Expectancy

Standard of Living and Aid to the Disadvantaged
Poverty Rate of all Persons

Secure the Blessings of Liberty to Ourselves and Our Posterity
Graduation Rate

Energy Production
88.02 Quadrillion

…do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.”
U.S.A.  government  data  statistics 
april 2017 by Quercki
40 years of data show immigration decreases or stabilizes crime rates | Ars Technica
This study builds on previous findings on arrests and criminal offenses. That previous data showed that foreign-born residents of the US were less likely to commit crimes than native-born Americans. The new study looked at 200 major metropolitan areas as defined by the US Census Bureau. The researchers then used Census data and FBI crime reporting data from 1970-2010 to look at trends for these regions.

The authors were interested in increases in crimes that might be attributable to an influx of immigrants who decreased economic opportunities or ended up in jobs that might otherwise have gone to local-born residents. To that end, they looked at violent crimes and property crimes, including rates of murder, non-negligent manslaughter, aggravated assault, robbery, burglary, and larceny.
....The most striking finding comes from the authors’ models for violent crime, murder, and robbery. The authors found that in three out of four statistical models, an increase in the percentage of foreign-born residents was significantly associated with decreases in these three types of crimes. In other words, when immigrants went up, violent crime went down. For example, rates of property crimes declined more rapidly in cities with high percentages of foreign-born residents than they did in cities with low percentages of foreign-born residents.
immigration  crime  research  data 
february 2017 by Quercki
For the past 40 years, the presence of immigrants in US cities was correlated with a reduction in violent and property crime / Boing Boing
In a new paper published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, sociologists and criminologists from University at Buffalo (SUNY), the University of Alabama, Kennesaw State University, the State of Georgia, and Georgia State University review 40 years' worth of FBI data on violent crimes and property crimes, correlating this data series with Census data on the influx of immigrants to US cities.

The authors conclude that US cities undergoing net increases in migrants also experienced stable or declining crime rates for murder, non-negligent manslaughter, aggravated assault, robbery, burglary, and larceny.

Further, they found that there was "significant association" between the presence of foreign-born people in a city and a decline in crime -- the more foreigners, the safer the cities became.
immigration  crime  data 
february 2017 by Quercki
The Data That Turned the World Upside Down - Motherboard
Only weeks later Facebook "likes" became private by default. Before that, the default setting was that anyone on the internet could see your "likes." But this was no obstacle to data collectors: while Kosinski always asked for the consent of Facebook users, many apps and online quizzes today require access to private data as a precondition for taking personality tests. (Anybody who wants to evaluate themselves based on their Facebook "likes" can do so on Kosinski's website, and then compare their results to those of a classic Ocean questionnaire, like that of the Cambridge Psychometrics Center.)

Our smartphone, Kosinski concluded, is a vast psychological questionnaire that we are constantly filling out, both consciously and unconsciously.


But it was not just about "likes" or even Facebook: Kosinski and his team could now ascribe Big Five values based purely on how many profile pictures a person has on Facebook, or how many contacts they have (a good indicator of extraversion). But we also reveal something about ourselves even when we're not online. For example, the motion sensor on our phone reveals how quickly we move and how far we travel (this correlates with emotional instability). Our smartphone, Kosinski concluded, is a vast psychological questionnaire that we are constantly filling out, both consciously and unconsciously.
big  data  facebook  Trump  spying  ***** 
february 2017 by Quercki
The wall: Building a continuous US-Mexico barrier would be a tall order | Reveal
We do know a lot about the current border fence, though, because we’ve been collecting and analyzing data on it for years. Based on that, here’s a rundown of the job the new president has ahead of him.

Is what we have now a wall or a fence?
If by a wall, you mean a large vertical structure that’s not full of holes, then the current border barrier is definitely a fence, or rather a series of fences. There are many types of fence along the U.S.-Mexico border.

Some sections are tall and are designed to block people from entering on foot – so-called pedestrian fence.

Examples of pedestrian fence along the U.S.-Mexico border. 
Credit: U.S. Customs and Border Protection

Other large sections of the fence are only a few feet tall and can be climbed over easily. These sections, designed to stop vehicles from crossing, stretch across more remote areas where it would be difficult to cross the border safely on foot.
border  wall  fence  map  data  U.S.  Mexico 
january 2017 by Quercki
Research says there are ways to reduce racial bias. Calling people racist isn’t one of them. - Vox
The innate resistance and defensiveness to conversations about bigotry don’t mean that you should never talk about racism, sexism, homophobia, or other kinds of hate. But those conversations may have to be held more tactfully — positioning people into a more receptive position to hear what these problems are all about.

One key issue is that people want to feel heard before they can open their minds to other people’s points of view. “Democrats in particular need to go out of their way to reassure these groups that they are being respected, that they are being listened to,” Conner said.

That was crucial in Broockman and Kalla’s transgender canvassing study. In a traditional canvassing session, the canvasser does most of the talking — throwing out all sorts of statistics and reasons the person on the other side of the door should take a specific side on a certain issue.
bias  science  data  gay  marriage  communication  racism  politics 
november 2016 by Quercki
Durably reducing transphobia: A field experiment on door-to-door canvassing | Science
Durably reducing transphobia: A field experiment on door-to-door canvassing
David Broockman1,*, Joshua Kalla2
+ Author Affiliations
↵*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Science 08 Apr 2016:
Vol. 352, Issue 6282, pp. 220-224
DOI: 10.1126/science.aad9713

Figures & Data
Info & Metrics
You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Not just turnout, but turnaround matters

In the last several U.S. presidential elections, the campaign mantra has focused on making sure that voters already aligned with one's candidate do get out to vote. There is a long history of unsuccessful efforts to change people's attitudes. Nevertheless, Broockman and Kalla conducted a field experiment showing that Miami voters shifted their attitudes toward transgender individuals and maintained those changed positions for 3 months (see the Perspective by Paluck).

Science, this issue p. 220; see also p. 147

Existing research depicts intergroup prejudices as deeply ingrained, requiring intense intervention to lastingly reduce. Here, we show that a single approximately 10-minute conversation encouraging actively taking the perspective of others can markedly reduce prejudice for at least 3 months. We illustrate this potential with a door-to-door canvassing intervention in South Florida targeting antitransgender prejudice. Despite declines in homophobia, transphobia remains pervasive. For the intervention, 56 canvassers went door to door encouraging active perspective-taking with 501 voters at voters’ doorsteps. A randomized trial found that these conversations substantially reduced transphobia, with decreases greater than Americans’ average decrease in homophobia from 1998 to 2012. These effects persisted for 3 months, and both transgender and nontransgender canvassers were effective. The intervention also increased support for a nondiscrimination law, even after exposing voters to counterarguments.
bias  science  data  fraud  gay  marriage  transgender  hate 
november 2016 by Quercki
A Really Important Political Science Study About Gay Marriage Used Faked Data
Most studies that attempt to measure approaches to swaying people on hot-button political issues do so in contrived lab settings, and when they find “successful” approaches, the effect sizes tend to be marginal. Here was a real-world study that showed a shockingly effective approach. There’s a reason it got coverage in the New York Times and a segment on “This American Life.”


How to Win Your Next Political Argument
Awareness Is Overrated
But everyone was fooled. The data were faked, says Retraction Watch. There was a quick (by academic standards) and brutal snowball effect here: The site reports that two grad students at UC-Berkeley who were hoping to extend the original findings, David Broockman and Joshua Kalla, noticed certain data irregularities. The duo then tried to get in touch with the survey firm LaCour and Green used for their study, but the firm “claimed they had no familiarity with the project and that they had never had an employee with the name of the staffer we were asking for,”
bias  science  data  fraud  gay  marriage 
november 2016 by Quercki
Author retracts study of changing minds on same-sex marriage after colleague admits data were faked - Retraction Watch at Retraction Watch
Tracking retractions as a window into the scientific process
Author retracts study of changing minds on same-sex marriage after colleague admits data were faked
with 65 comments

In what can only be described as a remarkable and swift series of events, one of the authors of a much-ballyhooed Science paper claiming that short conversations could change people’s minds on same-sex marriage is retracting it following revelations that the data were faked by his co-author.

[3:45 p.m. Eastern, 5/28/15: Please see an update on this story; the study has been retracted.]

Donald Green, of Columbia, and Michael LaCour, a graduate student at UCLA, published the paper, “When contact changes minds: An experiment on transmission of support for gay equality,” in December 2014. The study received widespread media attention, including from This American Life, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post,  The Los Angeles Times, Science Friday, Vox, and HuffingtonPost, as LaCour’s site notes.

David Broockman and Joshua Kalla, graduate students at University of California, Berkeley, were two of the people impressed with the work, so they planned an extension of it, as they explain in a timeline posted online yesterday:

As we examined the study’s data in planning our own studies, two features surprised us: voters’ survey responses exhibit much higher test-retest reliabilities than we have observed in any other panel survey data, and the response and reinterview rates of the panel survey were significantly higher than we expected. We set aside our doubts about the study and awaited the launch of our pilot extension to see if we could manage the same parameters. LaCour and Green were both responsive to requests for advice about design details when queried.

Earlier this month, they began a pilot of their extension. They soon realized that

The response rate of the pilot study was notably lower than what LaCour and Green (2014) reported.
bias  science  data  fraud  gay  marriage 
november 2016 by Quercki
False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources
False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and Satirical “News” Sources
Below is a list of fake, false, regularly misleading, and otherwise questionable “news” organizations that are commonly shared on facebook and other social media sites. Many of these websites rely on “outrage” by using distorted headlines and decontextualized or dubious information in order to generate likes, shares, and profits.
Other sources on this list are purposefully fake with the intent of satire/comedy, which can offer important critical commentary on politics and society, but they are regularly shared as actual/literal news. I’m including them here, for now, because 1.) they have the potential to perpetuate misinformation based on different audience (mis)interpretations and 2.) to make sure anyone who reads a story by The Onion, for example, understands its purpose. If you think this is unnecessary, please see Literally Unbelievable.
Notes: Not all of these sources are always or inherently problematic, but I’m including them because they should be considered in conjunction with other news/info sources due to their tendency to rely on clickbait headlines etc.  
news  media  false  data  *** 
november 2016 by Quercki
Did Clinton fail to turn out registered Democrats?
Except it turns out these initial tallies were grossly incomplete. Now that more votes have been counted, it’s becoming increasingly clear that support for Clinton wasn’t particularly low by recent standards.

Nate Cohn of the New York Times estimates that when every vote is tallied, some 63.4 million Americans will have voted for Clinton and 61.2 million for Trump. That means Clinton will have turned out more supporters than any presidential candidate in history except for Obama in 2008 and 2012. And as David Wasserman of Cook Political Report notes, the total vote count—including third-party votes—has already crossed 127 million, and will “easily beat” the 129 million total from 2012. The idea that voters stayed home in 2016 because they hated Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton is a myth.

It's worth noting that population growth makes it all but inevitable that major-party candidates in the present will receive more votes than candidates from the past. It’s also undeniable that Clinton didn’t have nearly the level of support that Obama did in 2008 and 2012. But when assessing Clinton’s candidacy, it does seem worth noting that she got more votes than George W. Bush did in 2004, than John McCain did in 2008, than Mitt Romney did in 2012, and than Donald Trump did in 2016.
Hillary  vote  data 
november 2016 by Quercki
Justice Department to Track Use of Force by Police Across U.S. - The New York Times
James B. Comey, the director of the F.B.I., told lawmakers last year that it was “embarrassing” that the news media could produce better data than his own agency on such an important issue.

“We can’t have an informed discussion because we don’t have data,” Mr. Comey told the House Judiciary Committee last October.

“People have data about who went to a movie last weekend, or how many books were sold, or how many cases of the flu walked into the emergency room,” he said, “and I cannot tell you how many people were shot by police in the United States last month, last year, or anything about the demographic. And that’s a very bad place to be.”

According to the Post database, 991 people were fatally shot by the police last year, and 754 have been so far this year.

Under the Justice Department plan, the F.B.I. is to begin a pilot program early next year to assemble data on the use of force by about 178,000 agents at major federal law enforcement agencies including the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Marshals Service, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, and the F.B.I. itself.

In addition, the Justice Department plans to begin collecting data from local and state law enforcement departments on “in custody” deaths — not just in shootings, but in cases of suicide and natural death as well.
police  killing  data  policy 
october 2016 by Quercki
Ventusky - Wind, Rain and Temperature Maps
Ventusky depicts gorgeous animated maps showing where the wind blows—and how fast it's blowing. Pictured above is Hurricane Matthew making landfall on Friday. Below is the world right now. worldweather
There are all sorts of settings to change, too. Abuse of them yields art.
maps  weather  data  wind  animaton 
october 2016 by Quercki
How bad science misled chronic fatigue syndrome patients
in the American research community, no serious researchers were expressing doubts about the organic basis for the illness. Immunologists found clear patterns in the immune system, and exercise physiologists were seeing highly unusual physiological changes in ME/CFS patients after exercise.

I knew that the right forms of psychotherapy and careful exercise could help patients cope, and I would have been thrilled if they could have cured me. The problem was that, so far as I could tell, it just wasn’t true.

A deeply flawed study

Still, I’m a science writer. I respect and value science. So the PACE trial left me befuddled: It seemed like a great study — big, controlled, peer-reviewed — but I couldn’t reconcile the results with my own experience.

So I and many other patients dug into the science. And almost immediately we saw enormous problems.

Before the trial of 641 patients began, the researchers had announced their standards for success — that is, what “improvement” and “recovery” meant in statistically measurable terms. To be considered recovered, participants had to meet established thresholds on self-assessments of fatigue and physical function, and they had to say they felt much better overall.

But after the unblinded trial started, the researchers weakened all these standards, by a lot. Their revised definition of “recovery” was so loose that patients could get worse over the course of the trial on both fatigue and physical function and still be considered “recovered.” The threshold for physical function was so low that an average 80-year-old would exceed it.
chronic_fatigue_syndrome  exertion_intolerance  science  data  fail  medicine 
october 2016 by Quercki
The Death Toll Comparison Breakdown - Wait But Why
But for a crowd so interested in death, humans know surprisingly little about the actual numbers of people that died in key moments throughout history. Most of us know that 3,000 people died on 9/11, but how many Americans know how many Katrina victims there were, or how many people died in the American Revolution. Did the Christian Crusades kill 100 times as many people as the Vietnam War? Or were they identical in their death tolls? Given how much we talk about historical human tragedies, it seems like something we should have a better handle on. So let’s take a look.

Some quick notes:

The area of each circle in the graphic is exactly proportional to the number it’s representing and to the other circles in the graphic. Note the scale, and how it changes as the numbers grow. I chose circles and area because a one-dimensional scale like a bar graph doesn’t work when numbers are growing 1,000-fold over each other—you need two dimensions to be able to handle such a wide range. But keep in mind that with the way area works, a circle with double the diameter of another circle represents four times the deaths, not two.
I focused on human tragedies of various kinds, but sprinkled normal death statistics (the gray circles) throughout as comparison points to help put things in perspective.
death  data  statistics  graph 
august 2016 by Quercki
About the Data: What Our Reporters Analyzed to Learn About Officer-Involved Killings in Oakland | East Bay Express
For this week's cover story, the Express analyzed statistics and data sourced and compiled by, one of the most comprehensive databases available that tracks incidents of lethal force by law enforcement.

The site's founder, D. Brian Burghart, is a journalist based in Reno, Nevada. He uses crowdsourced data, public-records requests, and information from the Department of Justice to update his growing database, which as of this month includes more than 14,000 incidents nationwide since 2000.

Burghart said he began the Fatal Encounters in 2012 as a journalist, not as an activist, with a goal to counteract what he saw as the media's tendency to accept law enforcement's narrative in instances of deadly force.

Specifically, he was confused by how traditional media at once discredited officer-involved-killings data, typically provided by government agencies, but also used that allegedly inferior data in stories. "But they never did anything about the lack of data," Burghart said.

That's when he decided to create a national database of fatal incidents. "I figured if the editor of a small weekly [paper] in Reno could do it in his spare time, the big media would get on board," he said.
police  murder  violence  data 
august 2016 by Quercki
Law Enforcement Killed 90 Oakland Residents Since 2000, And 74 Percent Were Black | East Bay Express
The most alarming discovery: 74 percent of Oakland residents killed by law enforcement between 2000 and 2016 were Black men and women.

More Black residents were killed by police in Oakland than in any other California city besides Los Angeles, which is nearly ten times larger.

Although Oakland has one of the largest Black populations in the state, the percentage of Black fatalities by law enforcement is greater than in U.S. cities nearly as diverse, including New York City, Long Beach, and Boston.

This analysis is based on reporting and statistics from the award-winning website Fatal Encounters (see "About the Data" for more about the statistics and information analyzed in this story).

Nearly all Oakland residents were slain by cops in high-poverty communities in the city's flatlands, the East and West Oakland neighborhoods below Interstate 580. Residents in these areas also demonstrate the East Bay's lowest life expectancies, employment levels, and educational attainment, according to the Alameda County Public Health Department.
BlackLivesMatter  police  violence  Oakland  data 
august 2016 by Quercki
Police will be required to report officer-involved deaths under new US system | US news | The Guardian
Jon Swaine
Monday 8 August 2016 16.03 EDT Last modified on Monday 8 August 2016 19.40 EDT
Police departments will be required to give the US justice department full details of deadly incidents involving their officers each quarter, under a new government system for counting killings by police that was influenced by the Guardian.

Announcing a new program for documenting all “arrest-related deaths”, federal officials said they would actively work to confirm fatal cases seen in media reports and other open sources rather than wait for departments to report them voluntarily.

The Counted: people killed by police in the United States – interactive
The Guardian has been counting the people killed by US law enforcement agencies since 2015. Read their stories and contribute to our ongoing, crowdsourced project
Read more
The methodology of the new system, which aims to replace a discredited count by the FBI, mirrors that of The Counted, an ongoing Guardian effort to document every death caused by law enforcement officers in 2015 and 2016.

Writing in the Federal Register, Department of Justice officials said their new program should increase transparency around the use of force by police and improve accountability for the actions of individual officers.

“Accurate and comprehensive accounting of deaths that occur during the process of arrest is critical for law enforcement agencies to demonstrate responsiveness to the citizens and communities they serve,” their notice said.
police  murder  data  report 
august 2016 by Quercki
Map: The Most Common* Job In Every State : Planet Money : NPR
What's with all the truck drivers? Truck drivers dominate the map for a few reasons.

Driving a truck has been immune to two of the biggest trends affecting U.S. jobs: globalization and automation. A worker in China can't drive a truck in Ohio, and machines can't drive cars (yet).
Regional specialization has declined. So jobs that are needed everywhere — like truck drivers and schoolteachers — have moved up the list of most-common jobs.
The prominence of truck drivers is partly due to the way the government categorizes jobs. It lumps together all truck drivers and delivery people, creating a very large category. Other jobs are split more finely; for example, primary school teachers and secondary school teachers are in separate categories.
The rise and fall of secretaries: Through much of the '80s, as the U.S. economy shifted away from factories that make goods and toward offices that provide services, secretary became the most common job in more and more states. But a second shift — the rise of the personal computer — reversed this trend, as machines did more and more secretarial work.

Manufacturing jobs disappeared: This story we knew already. Machine operators and factory workers had a dominant presence in the Midwest and parts of the South through the late '70s. Then a combination of globalization and technological change made many of those jobs disappear.

Fewer and fewer farmers: Our map shows the tail end of a century-long trend. Farming technology (everything from tiny seeds to giant harvesters) keeps getting better, which means fewer and fewer people can grow more and more food.

Government: The most common job in D.C. is lawyer. Heh. On a related note, Northern Virginia is full of federal contractors — many of whom work as software developers.
jobs  statistics  data  economics  graphics 
august 2016 by Quercki
This is why veteran homelessness has dropped so dramatically.
The first major player? The first lady.

Michelle Obama has led efforts to encourage mayors to take on vet homelessness at the local level. And it's working.

Photo by Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images.
Her initiative, aptly dubbed the Mayors Challenge to End Veteran Homelessness, has prompted hundreds of local officials to commit to effectively ending homelessness among those who've served. Since its launch two years ago, the challenge has done just that in 27 communities across the country, including Philadelphia, New Orleans, and Houston.

These cities have shown that, yes, you can get every last vet into stable housing. Heck, even two states — Virginia and Connecticut — proved it can be done.

A second key factor? Opening the door to homeless vets, so to speak.


This magical button delivers Upworthy stories to you on Facebook:

Ending veteran homelessness has been a big component of the Obama administration's Opening Doors plan — the federal government's first-ever comprehensive strategy to get a roof over every American's head. Key partnerships within the strategy have helped more than 360,000 vets and their families find housing in the past six years alone, thanks to services from HUD and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images.
And a third reason for the big drop? Housing First.

The evidence is mounting (and has been for a while now) that the Housing First approach to homelessness is the way to go. The White House-backed strategy — which provides a person with a home, first and foremost, and then provides helpful services (as opposed to a person obtaining housing only if certain behavioral conditions are met beforehand) — is being adapted by more and more nonprofits and agencies across the country.

It's how Utah was able to get its chronic homelessness rate slashed by more than 90% in just one decade.
veteran  homelessness  solutions  data 
august 2016 by Quercki
Testing of Backlogged Rape Kits Reveal New Insights
According to the Cut, the Case Western study is related to a larger effort to process a huge backlog of rape kits in the Cleveland area. Researchers were able to look at 248 high priority rape case files, and found noteworthy differences between serial rapists and one time offenders.

"About a quarter of the serial offenders in this sample had previously been arrested for sexual assault, and 60 percent would have a subsequent sexual-assault arrest. The majority of both serial and onetime sexual offenders had a history of a felony-level arrest, but serial offenders' histories were more extensive and violent. Serial rapists were also more likely to kidnap their victims, commit the assault outdoors, and threaten victims with a weapon.

Case Western researchers also wrote in a brief that "it is very likely that a sexual offender has either previously sexually assaulted or will offend again in the future."

As result, they recommend authorities alter their approach to investigating rape cases.
"Investigating each sexual assault as possibly being perpetrated by a serial offender has the potential to reduce the number of sexual assaults if the focus of the investigation is more on the offender than on a single incident. Serial offenders have traditionally been investigated according to the consistency of the assault or the MO (e.g., who they assault, where they assault, how they assault). For example, our findings seem to suggest that MOs (while definitely important to track for investigative purposes, especially when DNA is present) are not a consistently reliable link across assaults and thus a missed opportunity to solve unsolved sexual assaults and an opportunity to prevent future offending."
rape  rapists  police  data 
june 2016 by Quercki
Stanford big data study finds racial disparities in Oakland, Calif., police behavior, offers solutions | Stanford News

The researchers suggest that police departments in Oakland and elsewhere can overcome a subtle bias problem. Using better data, providing education and becoming informed are the first steps.

In fact, the Stanford researchers have already conducted training workshops on the subject of bias for about 700 – or 90 percent – of the sworn officers in Oakland. The researchers suggest brief, frequent training sessions with feedback on effectiveness for all police forces.

In the report, Eberhardt wrote, “Our recommendations are broad but are anchored in our primary mission of pushing agencies to collect more data and to do more with the data they collect. For many agencies, this will require a change in mindset: it requires seeing themselves not only as crime-fighting institutions, but also as institutions of learning.”

In broad terms, the researchers’ recommendations suggest:

Use data to measure what matters: Continue collecting traffic-stop data, expand these efforts and update the forms; and standardize, track and analyze crime-related communications provided to officers.
Leverage police body-worn camera footage: Use the footage to train officers and evaluate policies and require officers to self-audit racially charged footage.
Make data accessible: Build a stop data dashboard; automate stop data and narrative analyses; use automatic speech recognition systems; and improve the back-up systems for footage.
Collaborate with data partners: Hire a data manager and partner with experts to analyze traffic stop data.
Improve feedback channels: Give officers feedback on their stop performance and more efficient ways for them to communicate with command staff; conduct customer-service audits after routine stops and community surveys.
Oakland  police  stop  data  research  racism  bias  solutions 
june 2016 by Quercki
Rape Culture & Statistics | The Order of the White Feather
1 in 6 (17%) men are victims of sexual violence. Similar to above. The figure most often seen when calculating the number of men sexually abused or assaulted in their lifetime. (Source in Canada) (Source in US and Canada)
600 people are raped every day in the USA, one every two minutes. (RAINN)
1 in 3 (30-35%) of men would rape if they knew they’d get away with it. (Source. Plus, second source 11 years later showing the same percentage: Kilpatrick)
1 in 6 or 7 (14-16%) reported cases will ever see the inside of a courtroom. This was a figure given to me by my own sexual assault attorney back in 2012. I took his word for it, especially after all the research I did coupled with my own experience with the police, as well as experiences like this.
1 in 16 (6.5%) men are rapists. 2002 Lisak study, although other studies show as high as nearly 15%, or 1 in 7 men.
Only 27% whose assault met the legal definition of rape consider themselves rape victims, so great is the minimization and normalization of sexual assault in our society. (Source)
Only 40% of rapes are reported to the police. (RAINN)
There’s a 50% chance a person will develop PTSD after rape. (Source)
Between 60% and 99% of rapes and sexual assault are perpetrated by men onto women, children, other men, and transgender people. (Source) Please stop shouting “women rape too” as a derailed when the discussion defaults to the male pronoun as perpetrator. Yes, they do, and they account for between 1% – 40% of the rapes perpetrated. Important to remember, and it’s also important to validate those survivors who were raped by a woman. For more information, please read my disclaimer page.
rape  statistics  data 
june 2016 by Quercki
National Sexual Violence Resource Center Info & Stats For Journalists Statistics about sexual violence
Sexual violence in the U.S.
One in five women and one in 71 men will be raped at some point in their lives (a)
46.4% lesbians, 74.9% bisexual women and 43.3% heterosexual women reported sexual violence other than rape during their lifetimes, while 40.2% gay men, 47.4% bisexual men and 20.8% heterosexual men reported sexual violence other than rape during their lifetimes. (p)
Nearly one in 10 women has been raped by an intimate partner in her lifetime, including completed forced penetration, attempted forced penetration or alcohol/drug-facilitated completed penetration. Approximately one in 45 men has been made to penetrate an intimate partner during his lifetime. (b)
91% of the victims of rape and sexual assault are female, and 9% are male (o)
In eight out of 10 cases of rape, the victim knew the person who sexually assaulted them (l)
8% of rapes occur while the victim is at work (e)
Cost and Impact
rape  statistics  data 
june 2016 by Quercki
SPARQ Scientists Release Oakland Police Findings | SPARQ
Key Findings
·      OPD officers stopped, searched, handcuffed, and arrested more African Americans than Whites, and this finding remained significant even after we statistically controlled for neighborhood crime rates and racial demographics; the race, gender, and experience of the officer; and other factors known to influence police actions;

·      OPD officers disproportionately stopped African Americans for minor offenses;

·      Racial disparities in stops and stop outcomes were greater for less-experienced officers;

·      With African American community members, OPD officers used more severe legal language (e.g., mentioned probation, parole, and arrest) and offered fewer explanations for the stop than they did with White community members;

·      Oakland residents of color felt less trustful and more suspicious of the OPD;

·      In police-initiated interactions, African American and Hispanic Oaklanders felt more disrespected and misunderstood than did White and Asian Oaklanders;

·      In interactions with police that Oakland community members initiated themselves, there were no racial differences in perceived police treatment.

Select Recommendations
·      Our findings suggest that the OPD has a culture whereby it’s more acceptable to stop, search, handcuff, and arrest African Americans than Whites. We suspect that many other law enforcement agencies have similar cultures. In the Strategies for Change report, we thus recommend that the OPD and other agencies institute monthly reviews of policies, practices, and procedures for evidence of disparate impacts.

·      As less-experienced officers show more racial disparities in their actions, better training of new officers could likely reduce disparate treatment. To this end, Strategies of Change presents several recommendations for how to improve officer training.

·      Although the OPD collects copious amounts of data, few measures track the OPD’s relationship with its community. In Strategies for Change, we thus recommend several actions that the OPD and other law enforcement agencies can take to measure what matters most.

·      More broadly, our studies suggest that OPD officers view data as evidence to be used for punishment, rather than as feedback to be used for improvement. Consequently, the department has been slow to collect and use data, including BWC footage. In Strategies for Change, we recommend more than a dozen actions that the OPD and other law enforcement agencies can take to better leverage data, especially BWC data. 
Oakland  police  racism  bias  data  solutions  African-american 
june 2016 by Quercki
Study slams Oakland police department for racial bias | PBS NewsHour
WOMAN: So, this when I just broke down the entire stops into both race and gender.

JACKIE JUDD: Researchers at nearby Stanford University spent two years analyzing vast amounts of data, field reports from 28,000 stops officers made on the streets and roads during a 13-month period, and body-cam video from 2,000 of those encounters. They expected to find about 7,800 stops of African-Americans. In fact, there were more than double, almost 17,000 stops.

What surprised everyone involved even more was the huge gap in handcuffing.

REBECCA HETEY: Even when we took out stops that resulted in arrests, we found that one in four black men, for example, were handcuffed, compared to one in 15 white men.

JACKIE JUDD: Analysis of the body-cam video also found disparities. Lead researcher Jennifer Eberhardt says, while no racial slurs were uttered, certain words were used far more frequently when an officer questioned an African-American.

JENNIFER EBERHARDT, Stanford University: We started by just looking at linguistic patterns in that footage. And we found, for black stops, words that are associated with probation, parole, arrest, jail time, those kinds of things…

JACKIE JUDD: So, there was an assumption that the black person who had been stopped had a criminal record?

JENNIFER EBERHARDT: There was a possibility of that. In our discussions with community members, there was a lot of concern that there are ways in which they’re stopped where there’s a suspicion of criminality.

So, implicit bias can influence us unintentionally.

JACKIE JUDD: Eberhardt is a national expert on implicit, or unconscious, bias, and she trains Oakland officers to understand what that means.
Oakand  police  study  racism  bias  Stanford  data 
june 2016 by Quercki
Gunfight or Flee: New Study Finds No Advantages to Using a Firearm in Self-Defense Situations - The Trace
recent study published in The Journal of Preventive Medicine offers new support for the argument that owning a gun does not make you safer. The study, led by David Hemenway, Ph.D., of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, examines data from the National Crime Victimization Survey — an annual survey of 90,000 households — and shows not only that so-called “defensive gun use” (DGU) rarely protects a person from harm, but also that such incidents are much more rare than gun advocates claim.

A 2014 Gallup poll suggests that Americans increasingly perceive owning firearms as an effective means of self-defense — having a gun makes one less likely to become a victim of a crime. But as Hemenway’s study demonstrates, this belief is not supported by crime statistics. Contrary to what many gun advocates argue, the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) data reveals that having a gun provides no statistically significant benefit to a would-be victim during a criminal confrontation.
gun  defense  safety  data  lies 
june 2016 by Quercki
KING: White men killed most cops in 2016, conservatives silent - NY Daily News
Would it shock you to learn that the number of police who've been shot and killed in 2016 is up an astounding 59% from where it was this same date last year? Seventeen police officers have already been shot and killed in 2016, by mid-May. Only 10 had suffered that fate by May 10th, 2015.

The drastic increase shocked the hell out of me. While I primarily track, study and report the number of people killed by police, I still follow police fatalities closely. Contrary to popular belief, despising police brutality does not mean I despise police officers. I appreciate all public servants and have both a police officer and a longtime Secret Service member in my family. They are amazing, kind-hearted men who do great work. I also despise gun violence and loathe every single fatality suffered because of it.

Something's afoot, though, on why we're not hearing much about this shocking increase in the number of officers who've been shot and killed so far in 2016. Sadly, I think I have the answer.

Seventy-one percent of police who've been shot and killed this year weren't murdered by black men with cornrows or hoodies. They weren't gunned down by Latino gang members in low-rider drive-bys. Those stereotypes would be too convenient. Instead, 71% of police who've been shot and killed so far in 2016 have been killed by good old-fashioned white men.
White  men  kill  police  murder  data  statistics 
june 2016 by Quercki
Analysis of Untested Rape Kits Reveals Serial Rapists Are 'Far More Common' Than We Thought
An initiative to test almost 5,000 previously untested rape kits in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, has resulted in over 250 convictions, as well as unsettling information about sex offenders’ behavior, according to a press release from Case Western Reserve University.

A team of researchers at the university’s Begun Center, led by Drs. Daniel Flannery and Rachel Lovell, were given nearly $500,000 of Justice Department money to go through data collected from the county’s backlog of sexual assault kits.

On Monday, CWRU announced the results of the investigation, which are available in a series of briefs posted here. The most alarming of these suggests that serial rapists are far more common than we might have assumed—of the 243 kits studied, 51 percent were linked to serial offenders, “who generally had more extensive and violent criminal histories than one-time sexual offenders.” Among the serial offenders identified, 26 percent had previously been arrested for sexual assault and 60 percent were subsequently arrested for a sexual assault unrelated to the one being tested.

The study also found that serial offenders and one-time offenders exhibited different behavior. According to the report, offenses committed by serial rapists more often involved kidnapping, verbally and physically threatening the victims, and using or threatening the use of weapons.
rape  kits  data 
june 2016 by Quercki
Begun Center News | Begun Center Selected to Assist with Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kits | The Begun CenterThe Begun Center
Data and Method Brief
This brief provides a description of the data, sampling, methods, and data limitations of the SAK Pilot Research Project. Utilizing data provided by the Prosecutor’s office via an electronic database of documents used for prosecution, the Begun Center research team gleaned information about the investigative process and entered these data into a quantitative database. The Pilot Research Project focuses on unsubmitted SAKs with completed investigations as of August 2015. | Read Report |

Victim’s Brief
This brief provides a description of these victims in terms of their demographics, criminal history prior to and after the sexual assault, relationship to the offender, and degree of perceived cooperation during the initial investigation in the 243 sexual assaults analyzed for the SAK Pilot Research Project. | Read Report |

Serial vs Single Sexual Offenders Brief
This brief provides a comparison of serial offenders and one-time offenders in terms of their demographics, criminal histories prior to and after the assault, relationship to the offender, and modus operandi in the 243 sexual assaults analyzed for the SAK Pilot Research Project. Serial offender status was determined based on the number of CODIS hits or sexual offense arrests in the offender’s criminal history. | Read Report |
rape  data  police  test  serial  rapists 
june 2016 by Quercki
Oakland Rejects Police Discipline in 74 Percent of Review Board Cases - Post News Group
A new report from the city’s Citizens’ Police Review Board (CPRB) reveals that the Oakland City Administrator dismissed or modified the review board’s recommended discipline against police officers in 74 percent of the allegations that the CPRB sustained in 2015.
The allegations most frequently filed with the board were excessive force, failure to act and verbal misconduct. The most commonly sustained allegations were for failure to properly supervise, failure to act and verbal misconduct.
14 percent of 432 allegations were sustained, 22 percent were exonerated and 23 percent were unfounded. Only 125 were assigned for investigation in the courses of the year.
Ultimately, the board resolved 42 complaints, forwarding “31 disciplinary recommendations for sustained allegations to the City Administrator,” according to the report.
“The City Administrator upheld eight, disagreed with 17 and upheld six in part,” the report said.
“This is about par for the course,” said Rashidah Grinage of the Coalition for Police Accountability.
What typically happens, Grinage said, is that the review board makes a finding, sometimes after a hearing that weighs the evidence and speaks to officers and witnesses.
Police board recommendations are reversed in most of the cases when they are forwarded to the City Administrator, who makes a decision after hearing what the Oakland Police Department has to say. “As long as the City Administrator is in the mix, this is result we’re going to get,” she said. “This shows why we need a police commission with (decision-making) authority.”
“The only way to do this is through changing the Oakland City Charter. The City Administrator has to come out of the equation,” Grinage said. “Reforms cannot depend on personality. Reforms have to be structural.”
By press time, the City Administrator’s office did not respond to the Oakland Post’s questions.
Oakland  police  violence  data 
may 2016 by Quercki
A Comprehensive Guide To Sexist Attacks On Hillary Clinton From The 2008 Campaign
Calling Clinton A "Bitch"

Questioning Clinton's Sexuality

Attacks On Clinton's Appearance

Clinton's Appearance: Cleavage Edition

Claims That Clinton's Femininity Is A Problem

Claims That Clinton Is Manly

Attacks On Clinton's Voice

Attacks On Clinton's Laugh

Attacks On Clinton For Having Emotions

Clinton's Emotions: Crying Edition

Comparing Clinton To Violent And Sexualized Fictional Characters

Claims That Clinton Hates Men, Castrates Them

Claims That Clinton's Success Was Entirely Due To Her Husband

Hillary  sexism  2008  data 
may 2016 by Quercki
Gun Violence Archive
Primary tabs
The Gun Violence Archive is an online archive of gun violence incidents collected from over 1,500 media, law enforcement, government and commercial sources daily in an effort to provide near-real time data about the results of gun violence.

Mission Statement

Gun Violence Archive (GVA) is a not for profit corporation formed in 2013 to provide free online public access to accurate information about gun-related violence in the United States. GVA will collect and check for accuracy, comprehensive information about gun-related violence in the U.S. and then post and disseminate it online, primarily if not exclusively on this website and summary ledgers at It is hoped that this information will inform and assist those engaged in discussions and activities concerning gun violence, including analysis of proposed regulations or legislation relating to gun safety usage.

GVA is not, by design an advocacy group. The mission of GVA is to document incidents of gun violence and gun crime to provide raw, verified data to those who need to use it in their research, advocacy or writing.
guns  violence  data  database  murder  statistics 
april 2016 by Quercki
The Kentucky gun owner who developed his own count of gun violence in the US | World news | The Guardian
“We have two rules at Gun Violence Archive,” Bryant said. “One is accuracy; that’s paramount. And the other is discretion.”

In some cases, categorizing an incident can be more difficult than confirming it happened. Bryant steers clear of race, an element included by other independent efforts to track aspects of gun violence, such as officer-involved shootings. Bryant also doesn’t want to get caught up in political debates that have nothing to do with guns, such as abortion. If a pregnant woman is shot and killed, for example, she counts as one death in the archive.

“To me, a life begins when you get a piece of paper with your name on it,” Bryant said.

Although the government keeps tabs on violent crime, it doesn’t track violence for the sake of understanding the role of guns. The FBI tracks violent crime and breaks down incidents by the type of weapon involved, such as knife or gun. But the data are reported by local law enforcement, and widely considered an incomplete assessment of gun violence. The most comprehensive government data on gunshot victims is maintained by the Centers for Disease Control.
gun  violence  data  database 
april 2016 by Quercki
These 6 charts show how much sexism Hillary Clinton faces on Twitter - The Washington Post
But based on systematic analysis of recent Twitter data, we find that little of the attacks directed at Clinton can be attributed to the left in general or Sanders supporters in particular. And a remarkably small number of tweets mentioning Clinton contain the most egregious and overt forms of sexism: gendered slurs.

The #BernieBros

Quite a few observers have suggested that a hostile and misogynistic ethos has built up among some men who #FeelTheBern — the so-called “Bernie Bros.” Journalist Joan Walsh, for example, complains of “vile” online trolling, harassment and sexism coming from “Berniebot keyboard warriors.”

[How the ‘Obama effect’ helps Hillary Clinton and hurts Bernie Sanders with black voters]

On the other hand, writer Glenn Greenwald calls the Bernie Bro narrative an “all-purpose, handy pro-Clinton smear” used to undermine legitimate criticism of Clinton. He argues that Sanders supporters are not “uniquely abusive and misogynistic in their online behavior” and points out that there are plenty of women among die-hard Sanders supporters.

So far, the case presented by each side has been based on a series of (admittedly often disturbing) anecdotes, rather than systematic analysis.

We, therefore, decided to investigate how much hostility and sexism Clinton faces, as well as who seems to be behind such attacks, on a social media platform particularly notorious for abusive behavior: Twitter. We captured 101,021 tweets containing mentions of @HillaryClinton, @BernieSanders, or both in real time during the New Hampshire primary and analyzed both the content and senders of these tweets.
gender  text  twitter  Bernie_Sanders  Hillary  data 
april 2016 by Quercki
Family Assets Count
In Oakland, 17% of households live in poverty, but nearly three times as many (47%) are financially vulnerable. These “liquid asset poor” households do not have enough savings to live above the poverty level for just three months ($6,062) if they lose a job, face a medical crisis or suffer another type of income disruption. In Alameda County, 38% of all households are liquid asset poor, and communities of color fare even worse: 63% of African-American households and 69% of Hispanic households in Oakland are liquid asset poor.

Of households in Oakland earning between $50,000 and $75,000 annually, 43% are liquid asset poor. This means that even among those earning what is considered a sustainable annual household income ($63,990 for a family of four in Alameda County), many are not saving. These households live in a state of persistent financial insecurity, one emergency away from falling into debt or even losing their home. The inability to bounce back from financial pitfalls not only hurts local families, but also stifles the region’s long-term economic growth.

These findings are part of a new brief from Family Assets Count, a project of CFED (the Corporation for Enterprise Development) and the Assets & Opportunity Initiative, in partnership with Citi Community Development, Alameda County Community Asset Network (ACCAN) and Urban Strategies Council. The analysis spotlights a range of challenges confronting families living in financial insecurity:
money  Oakland  data 
march 2016 by Quercki
African American Male Achievement / A-G Completion
data on Oakland Unified school district high school A-G completion for college readiness by year 2011, 2012, 2013 M F African American Asian Latino Pacific Islander White Special Ed Low Income Foster
data  Oakland  highschool  college  ready  African-american 
march 2016 by Quercki
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2016 | Prison Policy Initiative
There is a lot of interesting and valuable research out there, but varying definitions make it hard — for both people new to criminal justice and for experienced policy wonks — to get the big picture.

This report offers some much needed clarity by piecing together this country’s disparate systems of confinement. The American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 102 federal prisons, 942 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,283 local jails, and 79 Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, immigration detention facilities, civil commitment centers, and prisons in the U.S. territories. And we go deeper to provide further detail on why convicted and not convicted people are locked up in local jails.
prison  jail  graphs  data  *** 
march 2016 by Quercki
Three quarters of whites don’t have any non-white friends - The Washington Post
"All my black friends have a bunch of white friends. And all my white friends have one black friend."

That's the memorable punchline of a Chris Rock bit from 2009 on interracial friendships. And according to some recent number-crunching by Robert Jones of the Public Religion Research Institute, there's a good deal of truth to that statement.
race  data 
march 2016 by Quercki
17 School Districts Debunk Right-Wing Lies About Protections For Transgender Students | Research | Media Matters for America
The collective experience of 17 U.S. school districts has shattered the right-wing myth that says prohibiting discrimination against transgender students causes confusion and inappropriate behavior. Years after implementing their own anti-discrimination policies, none of the schools have experienced any problems.
transgender  rights  data  non-discrimination  laws  *** 
march 2016 by Quercki
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