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The Mexican Repatriation - YouTube vlog brothers
n which John discusses The Mexican Repatriation of the 1930s, a story from U.S. History he learned about only recently. SOURCES:

The most comprehensive history of this period I found is a book called Decade of Betrayal by Francisco E. Balderrama and Raymond Rodriguez. It was there I first learned the story of Jose Lopez.

The wikipedia article about The Repatriation of the Great Depression-era is quite good:

The 2017 paper that found the deportations either has no impact on U.S. unemployment or else made it slightly worse:
Mexican  deportation  immigration  history 
11 weeks ago by Quercki
There’s no such thing as the ‘Dark Ages’, but OK – Going Medieval
But it’s not just that the idea of a ‘Dark Ages’ makes no sense when you look at what incredible advancement was happening at the time, it also makes no sense because it implies that stuff was going really well under the Romans. We estimate that somewhere between thirty to forty percent of the population of Italian Rome were slaves. The Romans had total bans on human dissection, meaning that there was no real way for medicine to progress any further than it had by the time of collapse – a problem that medieval people didn’t have. I mean even if you just want to make it about religion – the Roman Empire was Christian at the time of its collapse and had its heads of state worshipped as LITERAL GODS during the pagan era. Somehow every edgy motherfucker with a fedora is totally cool with this and thinks it is super reasonable though. Because ¯\_(ツ)_/¯. The Romans were not a bunch of really awesome people living a life of idealised rationality any more than medieval people were all ignorant savages living in fear of God.

Is there a time that historians use the term ‘Dark Ages’? Yeah, we do use it to talk about source survival rates. It’s not a term we use as a value judgment, however. We just mean that we don’t have a lot of evidence to go off of. By the same token – if we somehow move on to another electronic format without converting the way things are stored now, we could be moving into a theoretical Digital Dark Age, where historians in the future won’t be able to study what we are writing now. (And that would be a tragedy, because legit, I would kill to be a historian working on Donald Trump’s tweets in the year 2717.)
medieval  history  Dark_Ages 
11 weeks ago by Quercki
I assure you, medieval people bathed. – Going Medieval
I can’t believe I have to write this down right now, but my dear friends, medieval people bathed regularly.

Yes. I assure you. I am very serious. It is true.

In fact, medieval people loved a bath and can in many ways be considered a bathing culture, much in the way that say, Japan is now. Medieval people also very much valued being clean generally in an almost religious way.

This is not to say that getting clean was as easy for medieval people as it is for us now. But medieval people were very clever and had ways of getting around that.

So, say you are an average-ass medieval person. That means you are a peasant, because 85% of the population or so were peasants. This meant that you were working very hard doing manual labour in a field. How would you stay clean? Well you would probably wash daily at home. This usually involved filling an ewer with water, heating it and then poring it into a larger basin which allowed for ease of scrubbing, like so:
medieval  bathroom  baths  history 
11 weeks ago by Quercki
MacTutor History of Mathematics
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Recent changes to the archive (Up to MAY 2019)

These include 33 new Biographies of African mathematicians,
a new Index of African mathematics
and 30 new entries in the Additional Material category.

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mathematics  biography  history  women  Black  African 
june 2019 by Quercki
mathematics History Topics Index
History Topics Index

The links below will take you to individual articles or to index pages for articles on these topics.
Mathematics in various cultures

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history  math  mathematics  world 
june 2019 by Quercki
The ENIAC Programmers: how women invented modern programming and were then written out of the history books / Boing Boing
Kathy Kleiman, founder of the ENIAC Programmers Project, writes about the buried history of the pivotal role played by women in the creation of modern computing, a history that is generally recounted as consisting of men making heroic technical and intellectual leaps while women did some mostly simple, mechanical work around the periphery.

Kleiman summarizes her twenty years of research into the programmers of the ENIAC -- the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, the first modern computer -- whose first programmers were six women: Kathleen McNulty Mauchly Antonelli, Jean Jennings Bartik, Betty Snyder Holberton, Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer, Ruth Lichterman Teitelbaum and Frances Bilas Spence.

The ENIAC programmers had to invent programming as we know it, working without programming codes (these were invented a few years later for UNIVAC by Betty Holberton): they "broke down the differential calculus ballistics trajectory program" into small steps the computer could handle, then literally wired together the program by affixing cables and flicking the machine's 3,000 switches in the correct sequences. To capture it all, they created meticulous flowcharts that described the program's workings.

The women stayed on the ENIAC project after the war because "no solider returning home from the battlefield could program ENIAC,"
women  science  computer  programming  history  hidden 
june 2019 by Quercki
I'm credited with having coined the word 'Terf'. Here's how it happened | Viv Smythe | Opinion | The Guardian
After a bit more reading, I think the trans-exclusionary set should better be described as TES, with the S standing for separatists. A lot of the positions that are presented seem far too essentialist to be adequately described as feminist, let alone radical feminist.”

For most feminist cis women considering the rights and safety of trans women rarely intrudes upon our feminist practice until somebody wants to exclude trans women from our spaces and expects us to agree. That’s when we realise women we know have very different reactions to the question of whether to include trans women as part of our sisterhood, or deny their womanhood and exclude them.

Much of the factional divide here comes down to yet another gatekeeping argument about purity in feminism, perennial since the women’s suffrage movement, and this one has uncomfortable echoes of Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s arguments against extending voting rights to black men.
TERF  transgender  discrimination  history 
may 2019 by Quercki
Before 'Roe v. Wade,' The Women of 'Jane' Provided Abortions For The Women Of Chicago : NPR
Before 'Roe v. Wade,' The Women of 'Jane' Provided Abortions For The Women Of Chicago
abortion  history 
may 2019 by Quercki
Indigenous educators fight for an accurate history of California (A History of Violence) — High Country News
GREG CASTRO AND ROSE BORUNDA, a professor at California State University, Sacramento, and other educators and activists formed the California Indian History Curriculum Coalition in 2014. Much like Rupert and Jeanette Henry Costo, who founded the American Indian Historical Society, Castro and his peers are tired of seeing California’s history books ignore Indigenous people and gloss over the Golden State’s ongoing relationship — and violent history — with the land’s first people. And much like his forebears, Castro is taking a grassroots approach to create regionally and culturally specific curricula.
Californian  Native_American  Greg_Castro  school  curriculum  history 
may 2019 by Quercki
Assessing Occupy's legacy / Boing Boing
In 2011, activists began an occupation of Zucotti Park near Wall Street, starting a movement that spread around the world and changed the discourse around wealth, inequality, corruption and justice.

At the time (and ever since), critics have dismissed it as a stunt, a flash in the pan, an anarchist boondoggle whose lack of crisply defined demands doomed it to peter out into irrelevance.

But eight years on, Occupy's legacy is alive and well, with Occupy organizers and veterans playing key roles in the Democratic Socialists of America, Justice Democrats, the anti-student-debt movement, and other radical organizations that have changed what is considered "mainstream politics" in America and around the world.

Vox's Emily Stewart does a deep dive into Occupy's legacy, and shows how the Movement for Black Lives' critique of race and politics has merged with Occupy's more class-oriented critique to produce a more inclusive, radical politics.
Occupy_Wall_Street  history  2019 
may 2019 by Quercki
How Occupy Wall Street animated Bernie Sanders, AOC, and the left - Vox
In a lot of ways, it did turn out to be the beginning of a new era.

Many of those I spoke with connected the Fight for 15, a national movement for a $15 minimum wage and union rights, to Occupy. New York City fast-food workers walked off the job in protest for higher wages a year after the first Occupy protests. It was orchestrated by a number of community and civil rights groups, including New York Communities for Change, a community coalition and an early public backer of Occupy.

Strikes and militancy have deep roots in the labor movement, but as journalist Sarah Jaffe in her book, Necessary Trouble, noted, Occupy had “added vigor” to labor campaigns throughout New York and had galvanized them to make bigger, bolder demands.
Occupy_Wall_Street  2019  history 
may 2019 by Quercki
Europe’s Megalithic Monuments Originated in France and Spread by Sea Routes, New Study Suggests | Articles | Smithsonian
A sweeping new study of megalithic monuments across Europe suggests that such burials originated in northwest France, and the practice of building them spread along the continent’s coastlines in several migratory waves.

Bettina Schulz Paulsson, an archaeologist at the University of Gothenburg, reexamined some 2,410 radiocarbon dating results that have been assigned to Europe’s megaliths and put them through a Bayesian statistical analysis. Based on the picture the data present, Schulz Paulsson believes that the megaliths were first constructed by dwellers of northwest France during the second half of the fifth millennium BC. From this single origin, her analysis suggests, the practice of constructing standing stone monuments spread during three major periods via what may have been surprisingly robust maritime travel routes.
megaliths  Stonehenge  history 
february 2019 by Quercki
Independence Day Mythology: Our Goddess Liberty | Mythology Matters
Over the course of the American Revolution and its aftermath Liberty came to supersede the Indian Princess in her role. This was made possible because Liberty had enjoyed a revival in Europe (especially during the Dutch struggle against Spain and their assuming a republican form of government) and crossed the Atlantic. Thus, when the Stamp Act was repealed, people in New York celebrated by erecting a ship’s mast as a Liberty Pole, which was an outgrowth of Libertas’s vindicta. In Boston, Paul Revere struck a coin portraying Liberty seated on a globe holding her rod in one hand and scales on the other, with her cat at her feet, and around the edge the words “Goddess Liberty”; on the reverse side was Janus (his two faces representing Whigs and Tories) the Roman god of beginnings and transitions, the future and the past, doors and passages. She was also featured on early designs of our Great Seal.
Goddess  Liberty  history 
february 2019 by Quercki
Six Ways the Little Ice Age Made History - New England Historical Society
the Little Ice Age was updated in 2018.
Related Items:York, Massachusetts, Maine, vermont, connecticut, Boston, England, slavery, George Washington, Plymouth, war, Massachusetts General Court, Legislature, Narragansett, weather, migration, canals, forests, rivers, Plymouth Colony, rebellion, shoes, Canada, New France, Thoreau, fire, Indians, Pequot War, hurricane, disease, snow, Henry David Thoreau, poverty, nova scotia, history, colonization, mountains, six, winter, houses, forts, colonists
climatechange  history 
february 2019 by Quercki
Aboriginal anthropologist is changing history - YouTube
Aboriginal anthropologist is changing history
Indigenous people have been here 100,000 years, not 12,000 years.
Vancouver Sun
Published on Feb 28, 2018
Paulette Steeves is an aboriginal anthropologist who is changing the way people view Indigenous history and the affect of colonization through her groundbreaking research.
video  Native_American  Indigenous  history 
january 2019 by Quercki
The Pirate Radio Broadcaster Who Occupied Alcatraz and Terrified the FBI
In an interview with KPFA host Al Silbowitz in December 1969, Trudell sketched a portrait of life on the island and outlined the purpose of the occupation. While many watching from the shore had been amazed by the movement’s courage and ability to survive on the rocky island, Trudell wanted the non–Native American audience to know: This struggle was not unique to this moment. It was experienced daily by native tribes everywhere.

But what was unique, and urgent for all people to recognize, was that the activists’ intention with Alcatraz was to reshape the narrative and the oppressive course of history. As Trudell says in the interview, “Alcatraz is more than just a rock to us. It’s a stepping-stone to a better future. We have a chance to unite the American Indian people as they never had the opportunity to do.”
Native_American  Alcatraz  occupy  radio  history 
january 2019 by Quercki
De-bullshitifying the libertopian Legend of Malheur National Wildlife Refuge / Boing Boing
The reality is that the Paiutes who lived there were ethnically cleansed by the US Army, who then sold some of the land to speculators from out-of-state, who were dominated by a couple of crooked megabosses who used trickery, bribery, coercion and fraud to get the land at discount prices and force out their competition. Those welfare capitalists then made a killing by using heavily subsidized US federal infrastructure, such as railways, to get their products to market.

When those cattle-barons ran their business into the ground, they got bailed out by the federal government. The feds bought the land that they'd sold at subsidy prices to rich speculators, and ended up with a big piece of territory that, having been purged of its original residents, and having been worked to ruin through mismanagement and greed by unscrupulous robber-barons, turned into a wildlife preserve.
protest  history  privilege  Native_American  wildlife  Oregon 
january 2019 by Quercki
Transgender Activist Judy Bowen Recalls the Stonewall Riots - Broadly
Who were the other trans people you were meeting in 1967? What do you remember about them?

Well, I learned a lot from Marsha P. Johnson. I was 5’4” at the time, now I’m 5’2”. Marsha was this big, tall, Black drag queen transsexual, and she was not afraid. I used to watch her before I started talking to her. We were both virgos—she was born in 1945—and we would go and have coffee sometimes together, and we would talk about the police, and she just wasn’t afraid. In other words, we’re born with a reality that we should be able to express ourselves openly and freely without being punished, and it’s getting worse because of the president. You should have the right to be who you are and not be ashamed of it.
transgender  history  Stonewall 
december 2018 by Quercki
Sandy Stone on Living Among Lesbian Separatists as a Trans Woman in the 70s - Broadly
Sandy Stone, has a unique tale of survival situated at the heart of 1970s radical lesbian feminism.

Throughout the 70s, Stone was part of the famous radical feminist music collective, Olivia Records. But her presence did not go unchallenged. She describes attending a community meeting only to be met with an angry swarm of trans exclusive radical feminists (TERFs) assembled for the sole purpose of expelling her from her own collective simply because she was assigned male at birth. TERFs posit that biological sex characteristics are immutable, that gender is determined by genitals at birth, and that trans women are gynephiliac fetishists invading women’s spaces with male privilege. Some women had travelled from across the country to participate in Stone’s public shaming and intended expulsion.
Olivia_records  lesbian  history  trans  TERF  violence 
december 2018 by Quercki
Indian Island
The Wiyot Tribe considers the rookery to be tied to their people. The Wiyot people inhabited the Humboldt Bay region in a number of villages including Tuluwat on present-day Indian Island. This site has always been sacred to the Wiyot people, given to them by the Creator as the center of our world. It is the resting place of centuries of Wiyot ancestors and where other Native Americans of the area were invited for the World Renewal Dance.

The brutal 1860 massacre of Indian Island’s inhabitants and visitors abruptly ended Wiyot occupation and centuries of ceremonial dancing and celebration. Most of the men among the Wiyot celebrants had traveled to the mainland during the night in order to replenish supplies when, during the early morning hours, a group of settlers paddled their boats over to the island and massacred as many as 100 women, children and elders. Only one newborn child survived.

Robert Gunther acquired the island in 1860, the same year of the massacre. Gunther diked the island and ran dairy cattle there for nearly 40 years. In the 1870s a shipyard repair facility was constructed. The shipyard operated until the 1980s.
California  Native_American  Indian  island  history 
december 2018 by Quercki
The suppressed Thanksgiving-day speech of Wamsutta James, Wampanoag | The Least, First
The Massachusetts Department of Commerce asked the Wampanoag Indians to select a speaker to mark the 350th anniversary of the Pilgrims’ arrival, and the first Thanksgiving.

Three hundred fifty years after the Pilgrims began their invasion of the land of the Wampanoag, their “American” descendants planned an anniversary celebration. Still clinging to the white schoolbook myth of friendly relations between their forefathers and the Wampanoag, the anniversary planners thought it would be nice to have an Indian make an appreciative and complimentary speech at their state dinner. Frank James was asked to speak at the celebration. He accepted. The planners, however , asked to see his speech in advance of the occasion, and it turned out that Frank James’ views — based on history rather than mythology — were not what the Pilgrims’ descendants wanted to hear. Frank James refused to deliver a speech written by a public relations person. Frank James did not speak at the anniversary celebration. If he had spoken, this is what he would have said:
Thanksgiving  history  colonialism 
november 2018 by Quercki
How US policy in Honduras set the stage for today's migration
U.S. military presence in Honduras and the roots of Honduran migration to the United States are closely linked. It began in the late 1890s, when U.S.-based banana companies first became active there. As historian Walter LaFeber writes in “Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central America,” American companies “built railroads, established their own banking systems, and bribed government officials at a dizzying pace.” As a result, the Caribbean coast “became a foreign-controlled enclave that systematically swung the whole of Honduras into a one-crop economy whose wealth was carried off to New Orleans, New York, and later Boston.”

By 1914, U.S. banana interests owned almost 1 million acres of Honduras’ best land. These holdings grew through the 1920s to such an extent that, as LaFeber asserts, Honduran peasants “had no hope of access to their nation’s good soil.” Over a few decades, U.S. capital also came to dominate the country’s banking and mining sectors, a process facilitated by the weak state of Honduras’ domestic business sector. This was coupled with direct U.S. political and military interventions to protect U.S. interests in 1907 and 1911.
immigration  U.S.  corporations  military  Honduras  politics  history 
october 2018 by Quercki
The collective impact of California history on Native/Indigenous Tribes.
All California natives do not actually own the land that they claim — the American government holds the land for them in trust, meaning America still owns all Native land — even if they call it a reservation. On top of that, California natives have had to endure even more atrocities. Many tribes have been so decimated that they have no living members who still speak the language. Tribal language use is key to retaining the character of the tribe, and the loss of Native language speakers is a type of death for that tribe. Additionally some tribes don’t even have a reservation ANYWHERE in their ancestral lands. Some tribes have no native speakers any more and have no land set aside — a harsh condition for them to be able to retain a connection to their culture. Additionally, the American government made treaties with California tribes around 1851 and then refused to honor the treaties. This land legally belongs to Natives according to the American government and it is just being held from them illegally. Additionally, When Americans illegally immigrated to California when it was under Mexican control, during the Gold Rush, they tried to wipe out the Natives, in a series of mass murders where anywhere from 30–400 men, women and children would be killed at a time, and the California government established by these illegal American immigrants set up a formal campaign of genocide paying 25 cents for every severed head of a Native person. It is difficult to tell if a Tribe is actually gone or not, because Native tribes are sometimes afraid to identify themselves given the history of genocide and intimidation that has been launched at them for most of the last century.
california  Native_American  tribe  Indigenous  history 
october 2018 by Quercki
A forgotten 200-year-old guide to color, redesigned for the internet
y Kelsey Campbell-Dollaghan2 minute Read

The nomenclature of colors we use today is really a machine language–numerical hex codes crafted to communicate with software on computers and printers. Before the age of CMYK and RBG, though, artists and scientists created their own languages for talking about and categorizing color. Though many have fallen into obscurity, at least one is now accessible to anyone with access to the internet: Werner’s Nomenclature of Colours.
[Image: courtesy Nicholas Rougeux]

Published in 1814 by the painter Patrick Syme based on the work of geologist Abraham Gottlob Werner, Werner’s is a working dictionary of colors found in the natural world, complete with swatches and examples of animals, minerals, and vegetables where a particular hue could be found in the wild. The book was a work straight out of the early days of natural science–Darwin traveled with a copy, and used its definitions in his writings. Compared to the precise, computerized way color is defined today, Werner’s is less than practical, yet there’s something lovely about its definitions. You could find #2, or Reddish White, on the egg of a gray linnet, for instance, or the back of Christmas rose or in porcelain soil. Auricula Purple, #41, describes the eggs of a blue bottle fly. Look for #71, Straw Yellow, on the fur of a polar bear.
color  reference  history 
september 2018 by Quercki
San Francisco statue that some call racist is removed
A 19th-century statue near San Francisco's City Hall that some said is racist and demeaning to indigenous people was removed early Friday.

A group of Native Americans chanted, beat drums and burned sage as the workers used a crane to take down the “Early Days” statue depicting a Native American at the feet of a Spanish cowboy and a Catholic missionary. It was part of group of bronze statues near City Hall that depict the founding of California.

Native American activists had tried to have the statue removed for decades. They renewed efforts last year after clashes broke out across the U.S. over Confederate monuments.

The San Francisco Board of Appeals voted unanimously Wednesday for the removal of the statue, which was part of the Pioneer Monument first erected in 1894.
history  racism  Native_American  SF  statue  solution 
september 2018 by Quercki
Stanford to remove references to Junipero Serra over treatment of tribes -
"In an effort to distance itself from Father Junipero Serra, Stanford University has announced it will erase the name “Serra” from two dormitories and its own mailing address on Serra Mall. The system “contributed to the destruction of the cultural, economic, and religious practices of indigenous communities and left many tribal communities decimated,” wrote a Stanford committee charged with recommending whether to scrub Serra’s name from university buildings and roads. In a press release, the University acknowledged the “harmful and violent impacts of the mission system on Native Americans, including through forced labor, forced living arrangements and corporal punishment.”
history  racism  Native_American  Stanford  Junipero_Serra  solution 
september 2018 by Quercki
Bantu’s Swahili, or How to Steal a Language from Africa | Kamau Muiga | Brittle Paper
To European intellectuals, there was no question at all about who was responsible for building the Swahili city-states. The title of the book Schofield was introducing, The Arab City of Gedi, represents the honesty with which early European intellectuals subconsciously dismissed the notion that these cities could have been built by Africans.

The evidence that Swahili civilization was not an import from the Arab Middle East, however, is not contained in some radical negritude rags. A new generation of non-colonial archaeologists and historical linguists, Western and African, have expended considerable effort unraveling the mysteries of Swahili society in the last couple of decades. They have dug Swahili historical sites inch by inch and studied the Swahili language extensively. Their findings, however, continue to be drowned by dominant colonial narratives of Africa.
Africa  Swahili  history  language  Arabic 
august 2018 by Quercki
Folk Music of England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales and America
Welcome to Lesley Nelson-Burns' (aka the Contemplator)'s Folk Music Site.
Folk and Traditional Music and Popular Songs, with Lyrics, Midi, Tune Information and History
behind the folksongs and ballads. Irish, British and American Folk Music
including Francis J. Child Ballads and Sea Shanties.
folk  songs  midi  lyrics  history 
august 2018 by Quercki
(TL;dr: there’s a really good chance that at least some portion of your family came to the U.S. without a visa and/or received immigration amnesty, and the “right way” from 1790-1965 has nothing to do with how things are done now.
immigration  facts  history 
july 2018 by Quercki
This App Can Tell You the Indigenous History of the Land You Live On by Chelsey Luger — YES! Magazine
Whose land are you on? Start with a visit to Native Land is both a website and an app that seeks to map Indigenous languages, treaties, and territories across Turtle Island. You might type in New York, New York, for example, and find that the five boroughs are actually traditional Lenape and Haudenosaunee territory.

On the website and in the app, you can enter the ZIP code or Canadian or American name for any town. The interactive map will zoom in on your inquiry, color-code it, and pull up data on the area’s Indigenous history, original language, and tribal ties.

The project is run by Victor Temprano out of British Columbia, Canada. A self-described “settler,” he said that the idea came to him while driving near his home—traditional Squamish territory. He saw many signs in the English language with the Squamish original place names indicated in parentheses underneath. He thought to himself, “Why isn’t the English in brackets?”
Native_American  Indian  map  language  territory  history 
april 2018 by Quercki
Confirmed: The U.S. Census Bureau Gave Up Names of Japanese-Americans in WW II - Scientific American
A new study of U.S. Department of Commerce documents now shows that the Census Bureau complied with an August 4, 1943, request by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau for the names and locations of all people of Japanese ancestry in the Washington, D.C., area, according to historian Margo Anderson of the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and statistician William Seltzer of Fordham University in New York City. The records, however, do not indicate that the Bureau was asked for or divulged such information for Japanese-Americans in other parts of the country.
Anderson and Seltzer discovered in 2000 that the Census Bureau released block-by-block data during WW II that alerted officials to neighborhoods in California, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Idaho and Arkansas where Japanese-Americans were living. "We had suggestive but not very conclusive evidence that they had also provided microdata for surveillance," Anderson says.
census  history  Japanese  internment  concentration_camps  WWII 
march 2018 by Quercki
WATCH: Dolores Huerta Talks #MeToo, DREAMers and the Women on the Front Lines - Ms. Magazine Blog
She would always say to me, “Don’t forget to speak. Always have the courage to speak out, even when you think you might say the wrong thing because you can always correct it. But you’ve got to be able to let people know what you think, especially let them know what your ideas are.” I think a lot of women, we just remain silent because we’re afraid we’re going to be criticized. We have to figure out how we implant that courage, and I think those seeds of courage need to be put into young women when they’re in school, and we [should] forget about this nonsense that Prince Charming’s going to come by and give you a kiss and wake you up and you’re going to live happily ever after, which we know is such a falsehood and such a myth.
feminism  #MeToo  DACA  women  history 
february 2018 by Quercki
Rosa Parks Was My Aunt. Here's What You Don't Know About Her.
It still breaks my heart to remember my aunt telling me how many times it took for her to get registered to vote. Back then, they made black folks take a literacy test knowing that many couldn’t read or write. It was a trickle down effect of the lack of education for black people. But Auntie Rosa, she knew all the answers backwards and forwards, but year after year they denied her. And finally it was a white woman in the office who said, just let her register to vote. My aunt had been persistent, showing up. "I’m here to take the test so I can get registered to vote." And then I think about how, as soon as I turned 18, all I had to do is go sign a card.
voting  Rosa_Parks  Black  history 
february 2018 by Quercki
(1) Mike Blackstock - 50 years ago today, at the height of the Cuban...
50 years ago today, at the height of the Cuban Missile Crisis, second-in-command Vasili Arkhipov of the Soviet submarine B-59 refused to agree with his Captain's order to launch nuclear torpedos against US warships and setting off what might well have been a terminal superpower nuclear war.

The US had been dropping depth charges near the submarine in an attempt to force it to surface, unaware it was carrying nuclear arms. The Soviet officers, who had lost radio contact with Moscow, concluded that World War 3 had begun, and 2 of the officers agreed to 'blast the warships out of the water'. Arkhipov refused to agree - unanimous consent of 3 officers was required - and thanks to him, we are here to talk about it.

His story is finally being told - the BBC is airing a documentary on it.

Raise a glass to Vasili Arkhipov - the Man Who Saved the World.

PS - The PBS documentary, 'The Man who Saved the World', is online here:
nuclear  war  solution  history  Russia 
december 2017 by Quercki
SFCentric History: Meet the Real SF Natives: 5 Ohlone Tribelets of SF and the Peninsula - Broke-Ass Stuart's Goddamn Website
the true OG natives are the Ohlone, the first permanent residents of the city, arriving in the area around 500 CE. It’s time to learn more about them.

Photo: “Infinite City: A San Francisco Atlas,” Rebecca Solnit. Ben Pease cartography/Tech Insider

Within the Ohlone, that numbered about 10,000 to 17,000 (1,500 were on the Peninsula, and 160-300 in San Francisco), there were about 50 tribelets (and within those sometimes different villages), or groups of villages, that spoke their own dialect of Ohlone, and were made up of about 50 to 500 people. Let’s take a look at five from San Francisco, and the immediate areas south of the city, on the SF Peninsula:


The Yelamu inhabited the most northern part of the San Francisco Peninsula, which includes what is now San Francisco. They lived in five villages–Amuctac (in Visitacion Valley), Chutchui (along Mission Creek, near Mission Dolores), Petlenuc (in the Presidio), Sitlintac (along Mission Creek), and Tubsinte (in Vistitaction Valley). The Yelamu, along with the other tribelets mentioned in this story, spoke Ramaytush, a dialect of the Ohlone language.
SF  Indian  Indigenous  Native_American  history 
november 2017 by Quercki
Las Vegas Is Only the Deadliest Shooting in US History Because Black Lives Aren’t Counted
There are countless incidents in which black and brown people were killed in incidents far worse than what happened in Vegas. Here are some of them:

The Bombing of Black Wall Street

On June 1, 1921, white rioters looted and burned the black area of Tulsa, Okla., known as Black Wall Street. ...
There is no official death toll, but most historians agree that the count was around 250, because many African Americans were buried in mass graves, while others fled the city. No one was ever convicted of a single crime.
The Bloody Island Massacre

In the mid-1800s, Charles Stone and Andre Kelsey began enslaving the Native American Pomo of Clearlake, Calif. They forced the Pomo to bring them their daughters for sexual pleasure. They killed the Pomo for trying to escape. ...
When they found members of the Pomo tribe hiding on Bloody Island, near Clearlake, they slaughtered 60 of the island’s 400 inhabitants. On their way back, they killed another 75 on the Russia River for good measure.
Las_Vegas  massacre  terrorism  history  racism 
november 2017 by Quercki
New York Radical Women Feminist Collective: An Oral History
Lindsy Van Gelder: I’d been on tryout at the New York Post a few weeks when this press release from Robin Morgan comes across the city desk saying that they’re going to have this demonstration. I was sent out to meet Robin and the more she talked, the more my mind was going click, click, click. At the time, one story getting a lot of respect was guys burning their draft cards. New York Radical Women had planned to have what they called a “Freedom Trashcan” in Atlantic City, where they were going to throw in Playboy magazines and girdles and other articles of oppression. I’m a sucker for alliteration, so when I was trying to figure out a way to link this with respectable civil-rights protests, I came up with bra-burning.

“Lighting a match to a draft card or a flag has been a standard gambit of protest groups in recent years, but something new is due to go up in flames on Saturday. Would you believe a bra-burning?” Photo: Courtesy of the Redstockings Archives
Van Gelder: They actually never burned anything — the fire marshal didn’t want anything to ignite.
feminism  history  patriarchy 
november 2017 by Quercki
Properties of Wickham Havens Incorporated | CHS Digital Library
Properties of Wickham Havens Incorporated
Other title information
Charles Green, Berkeley, Cal.
Green, Charles
Phoenix Eng. Co
Wickham Havens, Inc
[between 1910 and 1915?]
Local identifier
Map 118
OCLC number
Aerial views
[Oakland, Calif.]: Wickham Havens, Inc
Physical description
1 view : color ; 35 x 58 cm
Rights statement
No Known Copyright
Publication rights
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Director of Library and Archives. Consent is given on behalf of the California Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes. Responsibility for any use, including copying, transmitting, or making any other use of protected images, rests exclusively with the user. Upon request, digitized works can be removed from public view if there are rights issues that need to be resolved.
Scale varies
(W 122°19§52·--W 122°12§29·/N 37°50§11·--N 37°46§25·)
Geographical subject(s)
Piedmont (Calif.)
Oakland (Calif.)
Topical subject(s)
Real property
General note(s)
Includes text.
Aerial view looking east, with San Francisco and Marin County in the distance.
1910  map  Piedmont  Oakland  history 
november 2017 by Quercki
How Japan's Bear-Worshipping Indigenous Group Fought Its Way to Cultural Relevance | Science | Smithsonian
As insular as Japan seems to be, it has always been bound up in relationships with others, particularly with people on the Korean Peninsula and in China. For centuries, the Japanese have identified their homeland from an external perspective, calling it Nihon, the sun’s origin. That is, they have thought of their homeland as east of China—the land of the rising sun. And they have called themselves Nihonjin.

But the word Ainu signifies something very different. It means human. And I’ve always imagined that long ago, the Ainu gave entirely natural replies to a visitor’s questions: who are you and where am I? The answers: Ainu, we are people; and you are standing on our homeland, Mosir.

The Ainu call ethnic Japanese Wajin, a term that originated in China, or Shamo, meaning colonizer. Or, as one Ainu told a researcher: people whom one cannot trust.
Japan  Ainu  bear  Indigenous  history 
october 2017 by Quercki
Artemis of Ephesus: A Goddess Who Represented an Ideal View of Blackness
In Greek, the concept of black or darkness is signified by melas, as opposed to leukos, meaning light or whiteness. Unlike the dire moral encumbrances later placed on these distinctions by Christian theology, to the Greeks they connoted the extremes of primary experiences such as good or ill fortune, life or death, and triumph or defeat. Blackness could symbolize courage, characterized by the martial prowess of dark-skinned Nubians. In a similar vein, the term “blackness of heart” served as a metaphor for compassion and warm feelings.
black  white  Greek  history 
october 2017 by Quercki
The Real Origins of the Religious Right - POLITICO Magazine
Baptists, in particular, applauded the decision as an appropriate articulation of the division between church and state, between personal morality and state regulation of individual behavior. “Religious liberty, human equality and justice are advanced by the Supreme Court abortion decision,” wrote W. Barry Garrett of Baptist Press.


So what then were the real origins of the religious right? It turns out that the movement can trace its political roots back to a court ruling, but not Roe v. Wade.


Why, Oh Why, Didn’t We Listen to the Eastern Europeans?

How the NRA Rewrote the Second Amendment

The War of the Senate Models
In May 1969, a group of African-American parents in Holmes County, Mississippi, sued the Treasury Department to prevent three new whites-only K-12 private academies from securing full tax-exempt status, arguing that their discriminatory policies prevented them from being considered “charitable” institutions. The schools had been founded in the mid-1960s in response to the desegregation of public schools set in motion by the Brown v. Board of Education decision of 1954. In 1969, the first year of desegregation, the number of white students enrolled in public schools in Holmes County dropped from 771 to 28; the following year, that number fell to zero.

In  Green v. Kennedy (David Kennedy was secretary of the treasury at the time), decided in January 1970, the plaintiffs won a preliminary injunction, which denied the “segregation academies” tax-exempt status until further review.
evangelical  Christian  right  history  abortion  racism  segregation  politics 
october 2017 by Quercki
So Few Americans Understand What the Second Amendment Is Really About—or Its Dark History | Alternet
At the time the Bill of Rights was written, America had no real professional army, and what military it did have was in the form of 13 separate state militias.

The Founders saw these militias as the best check against the rise of the standing army, and so they wrote the Second Amendment to make sure that they were always protected.

But that’s only part of the story.

By protecting the militias, the Founders weren’t just preventing or trying to prevent the rise of mischief by a standing army -- they were also protecting the institution of slavery that was the key to the southern economy.

In states like Georgia, Virginia, and the Carolinas, militias were also known as Slave Patrols.
NRA  Second_Amendment  history  guns  slaves  racism 
october 2017 by Quercki
On Hillary Hatred: Ladysplaining Sexism
Women who come after her will certainly face sexism. Women before her certainly did. But no one will ever again REPRESENT the changing status of women in our culture the way she has, and so no one will ever inspire the passion she has.

America, our beloved white supremacist capitalist hetero-patriarchy, still needs to define itself largely in opposition to everything she is.

And anyone who claims to hate her for any other reason simply doesn’t fucking get it. I don’t pretend to feel otherwise anymore.

People I otherwise respect constantly pull out their laser pointers and refer to charts and graphs, and appeal passionately to my intellect and character and sense of freedom and justice and outrage, and I just sit there murmuring “mmmm-hmmmm,” waiting for them to be done.

I listen to them as well as I can, with as much respect as I can, until their words turn into Peanuts–parent dialogue. I sit there, tired, irritated, knowing that I know why they hate Hillary Clinton, but they never will.
Hillary  history  feminism  hate 
september 2017 by Quercki
Man Who Saved the World From Nuclear Armageddon in 1983 Dies at 77
On September 26, 1983, Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov received a message that five nuclear missiles had been launched by the United States and were heading to Moscow. He didn’t launch a retaliatory strike, believing correctly that it was a false alarm. And with that, he saved the world from nuclear war. But now reports have surfaced that Petrov died this past May. He was 77 years old.
Perhaps importantly, Petrov noted that he was the only officer around that day who had received a civilian education. Everyone else were professional soldiers and he believed that they would have simply reported the attack at face value. The men around him were “taught to give and obey orders.” Luckily, Petrov disobeyed what simply didn’t feel right to him.

Petrov reasoned that if the Americans were going to launch a first strike they’d send more than five missiles, despite the fact that they could still do an enormous amount of damage. He also believed that since the alert system was relatively new it seemed likely that it could be sending a false alarm.
history  Russia  nuclear  war  peace 
september 2017 by Quercki
TIME Firsts Women Leaders: See the Full List |
Madeleine Albright
Mary Barra
Patricia Bath
Elizabeth Blackburn
Ursula Burns
Candis Cayne
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Eileen Collins
Kellyanne Conway
Mo'ne Davis
Ellen DeGeneres
Gabby Douglas
Rita Dove
Ann Dunwoody
Ava DuVernay
Sylvia Earle
Aretha Franklin
Melinda Gates
Selena Gomez
Nikki Haley
Carla Hayden
Mazie Hirono
Mae Jemison
Maya Lin
Loretta Lynch
Rachel Maddow
Rita Moreno
Jennifer Yuh Nelson
Ilhan Omar
Danica Patrick
Nancy Pelosi
Michelle Phan
Issa Rae
Shonda Rhimes
Lori Robinson
Sheryl Sandberg
Katharine Jefferts Schori
Cindy Sherman
Kathryn Smith
Kathryn Sullivan
Barbara Walters
Alice Waters
Serena Williams
Geisha Williams
Oprah Winfrey
Janet Yellen
women  leadership  news  history 
september 2017 by Quercki
What Google Bros Have in Common With Medieval Beer Bros - Pacific Standard
The gradual exclusion of women from coding is not a modern story. Instead, it's just one of the more recent manifestations of what historian Judith Bennett calls the "patriarchal equilibrium." Essentially, Bennett argues that, while women's experiences change, their status generally remains stuck behind that of men. Bennett has elaborated this idea through decades of work on medieval brewing, textile production, and other areas that reveal gendered hierarchies in medieval and early-modern society.

Take brewing. In 14th-century England, women did most of the brewing, as Bennett first explores in a 1986 article on the village alewife.
patriarchy  sexism  history  alewife  brewing 
september 2017 by Quercki
California Megaflood: Lessons from a Forgotten Catastrophe - Scientific American
The only megaflood to strike the American West in recent history occurred during the winter of 1861-62. California bore the brunt of the damage. This disaster turned enormous regions of the state into inland seas for months, and took thousands of human lives. The costs were devastating: one quarter of California’s economy was destroyed, forcing the state into bankruptcy.
Today, the same regions that were submerged in 1861-62 are home to California’s fastest-growing cities.
We are informed that the Indians living in the vicinity of Marysville left their abodes a week or more ago for the foothills predicting an unprecedented overflow. They told the whites that the water would be higher than it has been for thirty years, and pointed high up on the trees and houses where it would come. The valley Indians have traditions that the water occasionally rises 15 or 20 feet higher than it has been at any time since the country was settled by whites, and as they live in the open air and watch closely all the weather indications, it is not improbable that they may have better means than the whites of anticipating a great storm.
climatechange  california  history  flood 
september 2017 by Quercki
The Myth of the Kindly General Lee - The Atlantic
The myth of Lee goes something like this: He was a brilliant strategist and devoted Christian man who abhorred slavery and labored tirelessly after the war to bring the country back together.

There is little truth in this.
General  Lee  history  racism  Civil_War  confederate  slavery 
august 2017 by Quercki
Scalping In America - Indian Country Media Network
Scalping In America
When and where did scalping in America begin?
Dr. Dean Chavers • August 17, 2017
Scalping has long been a sensitive topic in the history of this country. The books, newspapers, magazines and films about Indians have almost always said Indians scalped their victims, but almost never did the whites scalp Indians. The opposite is true; both sides killed and scalped each other. After digging into it for my next book, “Indian Massacres in the U.S.,” I have found something much closer to the truth; both Indians and whites scalped each other, but whites got paid for it. Whites also did it to help the colonial legislature achieve their goal to exterminate all Indians and control their land in the budding United States.

Scalping was over 2,000 years old in Europe. Herodotus wrote in 440 B.C. that the Scythian soldiers scalped their dead enemies, softened them, and used them as napkins. The Scyths lived in the Black Sea area of Europe.

Scalping in England preceded the settlement of North America by at least four centuries. The Earl of Wessex, Harold Godwine, scalped his enemies as early as the 11th century, bringing the scalps back from battle to prove they were dead.
scalping  history  Native_American  White 
august 2017 by Quercki
Internet History Sourcebooks
Home | Ancient History Sourcebook | Medieval Sourcebook |  Modern History Sourcebook | Byzantine Studies Page
Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Global | Indian | Islamic | Jewish |  Lesbian and Gay | Science | Women's
july 2017 by Quercki | Our home on native land
Learn more about where you live. is a resource to help North Americans learn more about their local history.
Select information to add

Territories Languages Treaties
Native_American  map  language  territories  treaties  Indian  Indigenous  history 
june 2017 by Quercki
Olive History - California Ripe Olives - California Ripe Olives
A resourceful German woman named Freda Ehmann and her son, Edwin, were part of this population. Who would’ve guessed that they would soon be the ones to figure out the solution? The Ehmann’s had trees that bore little fruit and selling pressed oil was not an option. After consulting with a Berkeley professor on processing methods, Freda began experimenting with 280 gallons of olives in barrels on her back porch. Thanks to her creative dreaming and stick-to-it-ness California Ripe Olives were created right then and there.
Oakland  black  olives  food  history 
june 2017 by Quercki
About the Olive Industry - California Ripe Olives - California Ripe Olives
Curing is essential to the process because olives straight off the tree are much too bitter to eat. While there are many different curing methods used around the world, in California, most olives become California black ripe olives, which are prized for their firm texture and smooth, mellow taste.

The method of processing California Black Ripe Olives was invented by a housewife in the late 1800s and that same recipe is followed today. It is a multiple-day process that starts by putting the olives into a lye curing solution that leaches the bitterness out. This is followed by a series of cold-water rinses, which removes every trace of curing solution. During the multi-day curing process, pure air is bubbled constantly through the olives. This air is what creates their natural, rich dark color. A trace of organic iron salt (ferrous gluconate) is sometimes added, which acts as a color fixer so the olives will maintain their rich black color after the cans are stored.

Canning is the final step. Ripe olives are canned in a mild salt brine solution and, because they are a low-acid product, are heat sterilized under strict California State health rules.
There are two Olive Canners in California. Both are multi-generational family businesses.
Oakland  black  olives  food  history 
june 2017 by Quercki
Why green olives come in jars, but black ones come in cans
Judith Taylor, who wrote the other book on olives. She's a retired physician who now writes horticultural histories. In 2000, she published "The Olive in California: History of an Immigrant Tree".

Part 2:  The Story
The black olive—also known as the California ripe olive—was invented in Oakland, by a German widow named Freda Ehmann.

In the mid-1890s all she had was an olive grove nobody thought was worth very much.

“She must have been an amazing and remarkable woman," Taylor says. "Because instead of sitting in her daughter’s rocking chair in Oakland, she decided to get busy and pick the olives and do something with them.”

She got a recipe from the University of California for artificially ripening olives. (Green olives are pickled green— as in, not ripe.)
black  olives  Oakland  food  history 
june 2017 by Quercki
Untold History: The Survival of California's Indians | Link TV
California Indian history didn’t end with the Gold Rush. It’s still in progress. California Indians make baskets and manage landscapes with fire -- and drive pickup trucks and earn doctorates -- in the present tense, planning for a future seven generations distant. In that sense, the thread of California Native history extends farther into the future than that of mainstream society, focused on the next fiscal year at most.

It’s probably no accident that the fourth grade curriculum stops mentioning the Native peoples of California at around the time of the Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was a period  in which white settlers' treatment of California Indians might well be too horrible for us to share with children. Even for adult Californians, looking closely at historic harms visited on Native Californians is an unsettling experience.
California  Native_American  history  current  events  news 
june 2017 by Quercki
21 Printable Coloring Sheets That Celebrate Girl Power | HuffPost
If you’ve got access to a printer and some art supplies, printable coloring sheets are a great way to feel like one of those crafty Pinterest moms without having to actually know your way around a pair of safety scissors. 

A mom from Huffington Post Parents’ So You Want To Raise A Feminist Facebook group recently asked for “awesome printouts for little future intersectional feminists.” 

So we rounded up some of the best printables that depict famous women known for promoting girl power, from Rosie the Riveter to Michelle Obama. We won’t judge you if you decide to join your kids in coloring these feminist role models.
printables  art  women  history  feminist  children 
may 2017 by Quercki
Transcript of New Orleans Mayor Landrieu’s address on Confederate monuments | The Pulse
Here’s a full transcript of Landrieu’s remarks:

Thank you for coming.

The soul of our beloved City is deeply rooted in a history that has evolved over thousands of years; rooted in a diverse people who have been here together every step of the way – for both good and for ill.

It is a history that holds in its heart the stories of Native Americans: the Choctaw, Houma Nation, the Chitimacha. Of Hernando de Soto, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, the Acadians, the Islenos, the enslaved people from Senegambia, Free People of Color, the Haitians, the Germans, both the empires of Francexii and Spain. The Italians, the Irish, the Cubans, the south and central Americans, the Vietnamese and so many more.

You see: New Orleans is truly a city of many nations, a melting pot, a bubbling cauldron of many cultures.

There is no other place quite like it in the world that so eloquently exemplifies the uniquely American motto: e pluribus unum — out of many we are one.
politics  history  racism 
may 2017 by Quercki
Mayor Mitch Landrieu’s Address on Removal of Four Confederate Statues - YouTube
On Friday, May 19, 2017, Mayor Mitch Landrieu delivered an address about the City of New Orleans’ efforts to remove monuments that prominently celebrate the “Lost Cause of the Confederacy.” The statues were erected decades after the Civil War to celebrate the “Cult of the Lost Cause,” a movement recognized across the South as celebrating and promoting white supremacy.

There are four prominent monuments in question. The Battle of Liberty Place monument was erected by the Crescent City White League to remember the deadly insurrection led by white supremacists against the City’s racially integrated police department and government. The Jefferson Davis statue on Jefferson Davis Parkway, the P.G.T. Beauregard equestrian statue on Esplanade Avenue at the entrance to City Park, and the Robert E. Lee statue at Lee Circle.

Office of Mayor Mitch Landrieu | City of New Orleans

1300 Perdido Street | Room 2E04 | New Orleans, LA 70112
history  racism  speech 
may 2017 by Quercki
Facing Facts: American Identity is Based on Alternate History |
I have never read, nor will I ever write, an alternate history as creative and thoroughly wrought as the one I read in high school.
What if, the book supposed, America had been entirely undiscovered prior to 1492? What if the Pilgrims had been a peaceful, God-loving people? What if they had worked together with the Native population, rather than slaughtering them and stealing their land? What if voyages of exploration were driven by a pure, heartfelt desire to expand the map of the world, and nobody had ever been interested in gold or drugs or slaves?

What if everything was fine?

What if the country wasn’t built on the backs of enslaved peoples? What if slavery was rare, and when it happened, the slaves were usually treated quite well? What if the founding fathers who did own slaves were good guys who should be admired and celebrated? What if sexual assault didn’t exist? What if the Trail of Tears was a mutual endeavor? What if the Civil War was driven more by dry economic and political factors than by a desire to perpetuate the subjugation of slaves? What if America never participated in eugenics? What if America was always staunchly anti-fascist and anti-Nazi?
American  history  false  alternative  fiction 
may 2017 by Quercki
CHICKASAW.TV | Davy Crockett: An Early Supporter of Tribal Sovereignty
Chickasaw history is deeply intertwined with that of the early Americans and European explorers that came before. As Chickasaw citizen and Oklahoma State Representative Lisa Billy explains it, Chickasaw history became world history because the world came to our door.
Native_American  history  Chickasaw 
april 2017 by Quercki
Hysteria, Witches, and The Wandering Uterus: A Brief History | Literary Hub
As Mitchell wrote, “The woman’s desire to be on a level of competition with man and to assume his duties is, I am sure, making mischief, for it is my belief that no length of generations of change in her education and modes of activity will ever really alter her characteristics.”

Transgressing prescribed roles would make women sick. British suffragettes, for instance, were “treated” as hysterics in prison. Outspoken proponents for women’s rights were often characterized as the “shrieking sisterhood.” In our seminar discussion, we made the comparison to the numbers of African American men diagnosed as schizophrenics at a State Hospital for the Criminally Insane in Ionia, Michigan in the 1960s and 70s as documented in psychiatrist Jonathan Metzl’s powerful book The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease. A diagnosis can be a weapon used as a way to control and discipline the rebellion of an entire demographic.

As we discussed “The Yellow Wallpaper” and its historical context, I could see that Allie was becoming more and more outraged. She looked as if she might bolt from her classroom seat. Her hand shot up, “Would you believe that my high school English teacher told us, ‘If this woman had followed her husband’s instructions, she wouldn’t have gone crazy?!'”

If I’d had a mouth full of something, I would have done a spit take.
Yellow  wallpaper  Charlotte_Perkins_Gilman  hysteria  feminism  history  literature 
april 2017 by Quercki
James Copes,The Mayor of Oakland’s Eastmont Mall – You Are Leaders!
That’s where I got my recap of Oakland history and met the coolest dude that I’ve come across in a long while.  Brother James Copes, Da Mayor of Eastmont Mall, according to the article written about him, that he openly displays in a binder along with his platinum album that he received from Oakland native, Rapper Too Short.  James is a very upbeat, talkative, friendly, entrepreneurial people person of a guy.  He draws you in quickly, and you feel that you’ve known him for years after 30 seconds of conversation.  In fact I told him that he looked familiar to me.  That statement lead to even more conversation about the variety of businesses he’s had in The Town, and how much he “Hecka Loves Oakland” .  BTW that’s his signature T-Shirt that I remember, the shirt he designed himself back in the day that became famous.  There’s also a knockoff T-Shirt called “I Hella Love Oakland”.
Old_School_Copes  Copes  Oakland  history  hip-hop  Oaktown 
april 2017 by Quercki
Jackson State: A Tragedy Widely Forgotten : NPR
A group of angry students. A burst of gunfire from authorities. Young lives cut short.

It sounds a lot like the Kent State shootings on May 4, 1970, but it happened 10 days later at a predominantly black college in the South.

Police fired for about 30 seconds on a group of students at Jackson State in Mississippi, killing two and wounding 12 others.
police  murder  Black  African-American  history  Vietnam  racism 
april 2017 by Quercki
American Experience | The Gold Rush | Special Features | Native Stories | PBS
And at one point it was something in the neighborhood of $25 for a male body part, whether it was a scalp, a hand, or the whole body; and then $5 for a child or a woman. In many cases, they only had to bring in the scalp. And in other cases, the whole body was brought in to prove that they had this individual, they'd killed this person, and receive their reward.

And it was well after 1900 when the law was repealed, that bounty hunting, or whatever you may want to call it, on the California Indians was repealed. It was shortly after the discovery of Ishi that the nation, or I should say the state, became aware of the fact that it was still legal to kill Indians. So that the law had to be changed.
Native_American  California  history  genocide 
march 2017 by Quercki
INDIANS of CALIFORNIA - American Period ANTHRO 6 - An Introduction to California's Native People
The first 50 years of the American Period was a horrible time for the Native Californians, given the sheer magnitude of what happened during that half century: scalpings of men, women, &children; incarceration in jails with the only way out being enforced indenture to whites for unspecified lengths of time; the kidnapping &sale of Indian children; the massacres of entire Indian villages; the military roundup of Indians and their enforced exile on military reservations where even the most basic of living amenities were lacking; their complete legal disenfranchisement. The outcome of all this was that during the first two decades of the American occupation, the native population of California plummeted by 90 percent - in short, a California version of the WWII Holocaust.
Native_American  California  genocide  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
These are just 8 of the Native women you should have learned about in history class - Page 2 of 2
In 1945, Elizabeth (Wanamaker) Peratrovich (Tlingit) was instrumental in gaining passage of America’s first anti-discrimination law. Her husband Roy (also Tlingit) was mayor of their small Alaskan town for several years, but they moved to Juneau for greater opportunities for their children. There, they encountered “No Natives Allowed” signs, along with other discrimination. They worked for passage of the Alaska Anti-Discrimination Act until it finally came before the Senate.

If you studied the Great Depression in history class, you probably saw Dorothea Lange’s famous photograph, Migrant Mother, which depicts a dust-covered woman gazing to the side of the frame, with her two children cowering beside her. The mother is Florence Owen Thompson, a Cherokee woman who had come to California from Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) several years before the Depression. There, she was widowed and lived as an itinerant farmhand while raising her children.

Susan La Flesche Picotte (Omaha) was the first Native person to graduate from medical school, which she did in 1889 at the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. She returned to her tribe in Nebraska and served them as a physician,

Mary Golda Ross (Cherokee) was the first Native engineer. Born in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) in 1908, she taught math and science until 1942, when she was hired as a mathematician and later trained as an engineer by Lockheed Corporation. She was the only Native and only woman among the forty engineers of the secret Lockheed Skunk Works think-tank, which was instrumental in space travel.
Native_American  women  history  womenshistory 
march 2017 by Quercki
These are just 8 of the Native women you should have learned about in history class
Anyone who follows the No DAPL movement realizes Native women make history. Anna Lee Rain Yellowhammer — a 13-year-old member of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe — wrote the petition that began the movement and provided its slogan: “Mni wiconi” (Water is Life). Native women of all ages continue to keep the movement going.
Buffalo Calf Road Woman (Northern Cheyenne) saved her brother, Chief Comes in Sight, at the Battle of Rosebud, rallying the Cheyenne to defeat Gen. George Crook and his troops. In 2005, after a 100-year silence on the battle, Cheyenne storytellers revealed that she also struck the blow that knocked Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer off his horse just before his death at the Battle of Little Bighorn (aka “Custer’s Last Stand”) — the most successful battle waged by Native warriors against U.S. troops in the West.

Lyda Conley (Wyandot) was one of the first female Native attorneys. Along with her sisters Sarah, Helena, and Ida, she worked to protect and preserve the Huron Cemetery in Kansas City. She and her sisters set up a shack on the grounds of the cemetery, armed with muskets, to prevent the sale of the land.
Native_American  womenshistory  women  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
BBC - Future - The invention of ‘heterosexuality’
By Brandon Ambrosino
16 March 2017
The 1901 Dorland’s Medical Dictionary defined heterosexuality as an “abnormal or perverted appetite toward the opposite sex.” More than two decades later, in 1923, Merriam Webster’s dictionary similarly defined it as “morbid sexual passion for one of the opposite sex.” It wasn’t until 1934 that heterosexuality was graced with the meaning we’re familiar with today: “manifestation of sexual passion for one of the opposite sex; normal sexuality.”
history  heterosexual  homosexual  gay  straight  sex 
march 2017 by Quercki
All of my work on the “Irish slaves” meme (2015–’16) – Medium
All of my work on the “Irish slaves” meme (2015–’16)
A full list of all my work challenging contemporary propaganda (based primarily on ahistorical blogs and memes) which equates racialised perpetual hereditary chattel slavery with indentured servitude or penal servitude. You can browse my curation of hundreds of examples of how this false equivalence is used on social media here (general use), here (neo-Confederate page)and here (Irish Central page)
(1) How the Myth of the “Irish slaves” Became a Favourite Meme of Racists Online (Interviewed by Alex Amend of the Southern Poverty Law Centre, 19 April 2016)
Irish  slavery  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
Hilary Beckles on the unique characteristics of racialised chattel slavery – Medium
Neither can it be sustained that the African governments were doing it to their subjects, since this is not historically accurate. African states did not define their subordinate workers, political prisoners and others subject to criminal punishment as legal non-humans, perpetual property and reproductive chattels.
In much the same that the English state facilitated the growth of a colonial labour market in white indentured servants — convicts, political prisoners, vagrants, petty criminals and so forth — the African political process generated subordinate, alienated labour. The English did not allow for the chattel, lifelong enslavement of white servants, whose humanity was recognised in legal and moral codes. Neither did African states propose, practise or permit the legal classification of blacks in the slave trade as legal non-humans no different in law from other forms of property.
Irish  slavery  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
Two years of the ‘Irish slaves’ myth: racism, reductionism and the tradition of diminishing the transatlantic slave trade | openDemocracy
If we were all slaves once, none were
‘But the Irish were slaves too’. ‘Blacks weren’t the only slaves’. ‘All races were enslaved at one time’. ‘Irish had it worse and they don’t complain, so why do you?’ These are the sentiments that accompany so many of these posts on Facebook, Twitter, and other social media. Within them we find a deeply disturbing blend of historical relativism, nationalist narratives of victimhood, and contemporary racism.

A tweet using the ‘Irish slaves’ meme to disparage the protests in Ferguson, Missouri that erupted after the fatal shooting of Michael Brown by white police officer Darren Wilson on 9 August 2014.

The ‘Irish slaves’ memes have found such a foothold in the current political climate because, in the blink of an eye, they give individuals an excuse not to engage with uncomfortable history as well as offer strident justification for pre-existing racial prejudices. Those enthusiastically posting such memes on social media use them to ‘prove’ that black protests against police brutality are not only without basis, but that the unrest confirms protesters’ racial inferiority.
Irish  slavery  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
‘Irish slaves’: the convenient myth | openDemocracy
The prevalence and endurance of this myth is partly due to the fact that it is buttressed by two long-standing narratives. The first narrative comes from the arena of Irish nationalism, where the term 'slavery' is used to highlight the political, social and religious subjugation or persecution that the Irish have historically suffered. In this narrative, the term ‘Irish slaves’ refers specifically to those who were forced onto transport ships and sold into indentured servitude in the West Indies during the Cromwellian era. The 'innocent' usage of this phrase is, to a degree, understandable and its conflation with chattel slavery generally occurs due to a mixture of ignorance and confusion. More objectionable is the canon of pseudo-history books like O'Callaghan's To Hell or Barbados or Walsh and Jordan's White Cargo, which knowingly conflate indentured servitude and chattel slavery.
Irish  slavery  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
How Snopes battles Bigfoot rumors, Facebook fibs and other fake news -
Long article.
"If we're getting a lot of emails on something, we'll check it out," said Binkowski, a journalist whose career includes stints at Southern California Public Radio, CBS Radio and CNN. So the daily workload is determined mostly by "email and our own discretion."
Staff members take the story ideas, check out the claims and then write them up, sometimes adding a rating of "true," "false," "unproven" or "mixture."
snopes  history 
march 2017 by Quercki
When Sipping Tea Was A Socially Ruinous Act | Atlas Obscura
there was a time when tea was seen as a threat to traditional Christian values—and the social hierarchy of the Western world.   

Tea was virtually unknown outside Asia until the mid-16th century.  As exploration opened up the channels between East and West, Chinese (and later Indian) tea became one of the many commodities traded among these new, wary global partners. From almost the beginning, Europeans regarded tea as tainted—tied to the thriving opium trade that was devastating the Chinese empire.
Over the ensuing decades, as tea filtered from the upper classes to the rest of society, the furor over tea grew even louder. Some considered it as “dangerous as opium,” and many [men] believed it was particularly bad for women, inducing in the “‘tender sex,’ a diminution of their prolifick energy, a proneness to miscarry, and an insufficiency to nourish the child.” In 1737, Gentleman’s Magazine railed against the drink:
tea  history  politics  women  suffrage  voting 
march 2017 by Quercki
"I Made That Bitch Famous" | Mother Jones
In Donald Trump's 2011 book Time to Get Tough: Making America #1 Again, the president-to-be made an astonishing claim: Lady Gaga likely owed her international fame to none other than...Donald Trump. "She became a big star and maybe she became a star because I put her on the Miss Universe pageant," he wrote. "It's very possible, who knows what would have happened without it, because she caused a sensation."

The problem goes beyond Trump, of course. Women, especially women of color, are routinely denied credit for their ideas, creativity, genius, and success (not to mention they're paid less than men for full-time work). So, in honor of Women's History Month, I've put together this woefully incomplete timeline of the lowlights:

Paleolithic era
Pre-European cave paintings are attributed to male hunters up until 2013, when an anthropologist shows that hand tracings found alongside the art at 10 famous sites were likely done by women.
Men  credit  science  history  invention  art 
march 2017 by Quercki
The Real Origins of the Religious Right - POLITICO Magazine
In fact, it wasn’t until 1979—a full six years after Roe—that evangelical leaders, at the behest of conservative activist Paul Weyrich, seized on abortion not for moral reasons, but as a rallying-cry to deny President Jimmy Carter a second term. Why? Because the anti-abortion crusade was more palatable than the religious right’s real motive: protecting segregated schools. So much for the new abolitionism.


Today, evangelicals make up the backbone of the pro-life movement, but it hasn’t always been so. Both before and for several years after Roe, evangelicals were overwhelmingly indifferent to the subject, which they considered a “Catholic issue.”
politics  religion  abortion  discrimination  racism  history 
february 2017 by Quercki
Native American Girls Describe the REAL History Behind Thanksgiving | Teen Vogue
Earlier this year, we asked model Daunnette Reyome to join us for a photo shoot in our May issue, called "Cultural Appreciation." Daunnette spoke to us about a lot of things at that time, but most importantly, the sacred feather that her family keeps, and what that means to her.

Now, Daunnette is officially back — but this time, she's running the show. In our new series, Ask a Native American Girl, Daunnette and her friends tackle the misconceptions that face their culture, and also invite us to take part in what's going on at Standing Rock.

Here, the girls school us on the REAL history behind Thanksgiving — detailing the genocide of Native American people by the European settlers and American colonists. They also touch on the "Dakota 38" — what's now known as the largest mass execution in US history, where 38 Dakota men were put to death by Abraham Lincoln.

At the end, the girls all say what they're thankful for. The resounding theme? That they're still here — and thriving.
Native_American  Thanksgiving  history  genocide 
january 2017 by Quercki
The black and Native American freedom fighters who defeated the US Army on Christmas Day
On Christmas day 1837, 179 years ago, the Africans and Native Americans who formed Florida’s Seminole Nation defeated a vastly superior US invading army bent on cracking this early rainbow coalition and returning the Africans to slavery. The Seminole victory stands as a milestone in the march of American liberty.
Then in 1818 General Jackson invaded and claimed Florida. The United States “purchased” it [$5,000,000] from Spain in 1819, and sent a US army of occupation for “pacification.”

But suddenly the US faced the largest slave revolt in its history, its busiest underground railroad station, and the strongest African/Indian alliance in North America. The multicultural Seminoles carefully moved families out of harm’s way from 1816 to 1858 as they resisted the US through three “Seminole wars.” Today many Seminoles still claim they never surrendered.

In June 1837 Major General Sidney Thomas Jesup, the best informed US officer in Florida, described the danger posed by the Seminole alliance: “The two races, the negro and the Indian, are rapidly approximating; they are identical in interests and feelings . . . . Should the Indians remain in this territory the negroes among them will form a rallying point for runaway negroes from the adjacent states; and if they remove, the fastness of the country will be immediately occupied by negroes.”
Native_American  Black  military  success  history  African-american 
december 2016 by Quercki
Quirky Berkeley | Latest Postings
What? Why? Welcome to our mission.

They sometimes call our city Bezerkeley, because of our people, ideas, and movements. They say it, we don’t. Like “Frisco” or “San Fran,” it is an outsider’s word. They think it is clever and knowing. Seriously? To whatever extent the caricature and cliched image as sung by John Denver was once true, now – not so much.


That said, Berkeley is a place like no other. Berkeley cultural writer Greil Marcus described Berkeley in 1978 as a “lookout and a hideout,” and wrote of our “special kind of freedom.” We live in a beautiful place. We have a university that provides constant innovation, thought, creativity, and novelty. We benefit from the rejuvenative socio-economic friction between the flats and the hills and our multi-culturalism. We value individualism and we manifest our individualism in many ways, including architecture, design, and placed-for-public-view art and artifacts. (Optional – take a minute and listen to Cream’s I Feel Free).

Here at Quirky Berkeley I inventory and present the outward and visible manifestations of our inward and spiritual individualism. (Did anyone get that allusion?) Here you will find photos of the oddball, whimsical, eccentric, and the near-rhyme quirky material culture of Berkeley. I plan to walk every block of every street, path, and alley of Berkeley in search of the quirky. My criteria for inclusion here are simple: (1) quirky (2) non-seasonal (3) material culture (4) in Berkeley, (5) visible from the street, alley or path. Plus maybe a few things that don’t fit but demand inclusion. No appeals. I am the final and exalted judge.
Berkeley  blog  art  history  architecture 
november 2016 by Quercki
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