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Quercki : poverty   49

Child poverty report: food, housing, and money, not work requirements, work best - Vox
That group has now, more than three years later, produced its exhaustive, 600-page report.

The report estimates that child poverty costs us $800 billion to $1.1 trillion every year due to increased crime, worsened health, and lower earnings when poor kids become adults. There is no one approach to reducing it, the committee concludes, but it did outline four separate options policymakers could pursue — two of which would cut child poverty in half in the next decade.
A “universal supports and work poverty reduction package,” which includes a bigger increase in the EITC than the first three packages, includes a minimum wage increase to $10.25 per hour and makes the Child Tax Credit refundable, offers various anti-poverty programs to legal immigrants who are currently barred, and, most importantly, includes a child allowance of $2,700 per year, as well as a $1,200 per year publicly funded minimum child support payment for single parents entitled to child support from their former partner (oftentimes, these partners aren’t able to regularly pay child support). This plan also cuts child poverty by half: the rate falls from 12.6 percent to 6.1 percent, lifting 4.8 million kids out of poverty. It would cost about $111.6 billion per year.
child  poverty  solutions 
8 weeks ago by Quercki
U.S. Economy: Personal Bad Behavior Isn't What Causes Poverty - Bloomberg
According to this perspective, if people were just to work hard, avoid drugs, alcohol and violence, and stop having children out of wedlock, poverty would be rare.

But there is at least one rich country where people follow all of these prescriptions -- where they work hard, avoid risky, self-destructive behavior and make wise life choices. That country is Japan. And it still has plenty of poverty.
Given all of this good behavior, conservatives might expect that Japan’s poverty rate would be very low. But the opposite is true; Japan has a relatively high number of poor people for an advanced country. Defined by the percentage of the population earning less than half of the median national income, Japan’s poverty rate is more than 15% -- a little lower than the U.S., but considerably higher than countries such as Germany, Canada or Australia:
poverty  Japan 
11 weeks ago by Quercki
Kamala Harris: America’s Public Defenders’ Offices Are Broken. Here’s How to Fix Them
Defendants in criminal cases need lawyers who have enough time, money, and resources to unearth all of the facts in their cases. They need lawyers who can stand up in court, fully prepared to challenge the prosecution.

That is why I recently introduced the EQUAL Defense Act (pdf), which makes a serious investment in our state and local public defense systems by providing the resources that lawyers need to give every client’s case the time and attention it deserves. It will attack these injustices head-on by providing more resources for training, capping attorneys’ workloads, and bringing more people into the profession by making sure public defenders are paid on par with prosecutors.

My plan would provide $250 million to finally close the pay gap between public defenders and prosecutors within five years.
Kamala_Harris  2020  president  racism  poverty  justice 
june 2019 by Quercki
Millennials Are Screwed - The Huffington Post
Lovely animation with facts about why millennials face a hard life, ans some of the things we can do about it.
millennial  animation  poverty  economics 
december 2018 by Quercki
5 Ways The Government Keeps Native Americans In Poverty
But because Indians do not generally own their land or homes on reservations, they cannot mortgage their assets for loans like other Americans. This makes it incredibly difficult to start a business in Indian Country. Even tribes with valuable natural resources remain locked in poverty. Their resources amount to “dead capital”—unable to generate growth for tribal communities.

Nearly every aspect of economic development is controlled by federal agencies.
Native_American  poverty  BIA  federal  government  business 
december 2018 by Quercki
Why The World Is Getting Better And Why Hardly Anyone Knows It
In a powerful study entitled “The short history of global living conditions and why it matters that we know it” by Max Roser, an economist at the University of Oxford and the founder of Our World in Data, we learn that on virtually all of the key dimensions of human material well-being—poverty, literacy, health, freedom, and education—the world is an extraordinarily better place than it was just a couple of centuries ago.
data  poverty  poor  literacy  education  health  freedom  statistics 
october 2018 by Quercki
Stockton, CA: This Mayor Wants Universal Basic Income | Money
The mayor of Stockton, Calif. wants to provide a universal basic income for the city’s poorest residents.

Starting this year, an experimental program called the Stockton Economic Empowerment Demonstration (SEED) will pay $500 a month to a few hundred of the city’s low-income residents, no strings attached.

The idea behind universal basic income, or UBI, is to provide a degree of economic security for the most vulnerable people in a community. The goal is to counteract the destabilizing forces of globalization and technological innovation that have lead to job loss and wage stagnation for countless workers, according to CNBC.

A lot of big names in Silicon Valley support UBI — Mark Zuckerberg advocated for the concept in his commencement speech at Harvard in 2017. Another Facebook executive who supports providing people with free money and no restrictions is Chris Hughes, who personally donated $1 million to the Economic Security Project, a program he co-chairs, which will provide funding for Stockton’s program to get off the ground this year.
Stockton  poverty  income 
january 2018 by Quercki
California keeps girls in school by providing feminine products -
If she couldn’t make tampons and pads more affordable for everyone, [Assemblymember Garcia, a Democrat representing an area southeast of Los Angeles and chair of the California Legislative Women’s Caucus,] Garcia decided to at least make sure low-income girls in California had easy access. If students have access to free or reduced lunch to ensure they focus on their education, Garcia wondered, why it should be any different with feminine hygiene products?

Garcia first drafted AB 10, a bill addressing this issue, in late 2016. In less than 10 months, in the fall of 2017, the legislation passed both houses with bipartisan support. On October 12, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed Garcia’s legislation into law.

Now, all Title I public schools in California must stock feminine hygiene products in at least half of their bathrooms for students between the 6th and 12th grades. School officials across the state are working quickly to comply with the law, which allows them to be reimbursed by the state for their costs.

California’s AB 10 points in the same direction other states are headed. As of January 1, all schools in Illinois must stock tampons and pads in bathrooms at no cost for students between 6th and 12th grade. New York City passed a similar law in 2016. While many Americans assume that menstruation only causes girls to skip school in poor, underdeveloped countries, principals and politicians across the US are learning it is actually a problem that exists here in this country.
girls  education  poverty  menstruation  solution 
january 2018 by Quercki
OHCHR | Statement on Visit to the USA, by Professor Philip Alston, United Nations Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights*
2. My visit coincides with a dramatic change of direction in US policies relating to inequality and extreme poverty. The proposed tax reform package stakes out America’s bid to become the most unequal society in the world, and will greatly increase the already high levels of wealth and income inequality between the richest 1% and the poorest 50% of Americans.  The dramatic cuts in welfare, foreshadowed by the President and Speaker Ryan, and already beginning to be implemented by the administration, will essentially shred crucial dimensions of a safety net that is already full of holes.  It is against this background that my report is presented.

3. The United States is one of the world’s richest, most powerful and technologically innovative countries; but neither its wealth nor its power nor its technology is being harnessed to address the situation in which 40 million people continue to live in poverty.
poverty  U.S.  U.N.  report  taxes  homelessness  children  dental  healthcare 
december 2017 by Quercki
No water for poor people: the nine Americans who risked jail to seek justice | US news | The Guardian
Inequality and Opportunity in America
No water for poor people: the nine Americans who risked jail to seek justice
To live without water means no bath time for your kids, no cooking and no useable toilets. As the city of Detroit cut water to 83,000 homes since 2014, nine activists put their bodies on the line to protest
by Drew Philp in Detroit, Michigan
water  Detroit  Flint  civil_rights  poverty  justice 
july 2017 by Quercki
Gligor Tashkovich | Together in Dignity
Remembering Joseph: The Catch 22s of a Life “in the System”
“Homelessness for Dummies”: The Economics of Living in the Street
On Access to Information, Identity Politics, and Overcoming Poverty
homelessness  NY  poverty 
april 2017 by Quercki
What Is Driving The 'Unbanking Of America'? : NPR
Author Lisa Servon says a growing number of Americans are giving up on traditional banks and relying instead on alternatives, including prepaid debit cards, check-cashing centers and payday lenders.
bank  credit_union  check_cashing  pay_day_loan  poverty  Coast_Live_Oak 
march 2017 by Quercki
Why I Make Terrible Decisions, or, poverty thoughts
We know the what and the how, and we can see systemic problems, but it's rare to have a poor person actually explain it on their own behalf. So this is me doing that, sort of.

Rest is a luxury for the rich. I get up at 6AM, go to school (I have a full courseload, but I only have to go to two in-person classes) then work, then I get the kids, then I pick up my husband, then I have half an hour to change and go to Job 2. I get home from that at around 1230AM, then I have the rest of my classes and work to tend to. I'm in bed by 3. This isn't every day, I have two days off a week from each of my obligations. I use that time to clean the house and soothe Mr. Martini and see the kids for longer than an hour and catch up on schoolwork. Those nights I'm in bed by midnight, but if I go to bed too early I won't be able to stay up the other nights because I'll fuck my pattern up, and I drive an hour home from Job 2 so I can't afford to be sleepy. I never get a day off from work unless I am fairly sick. It doesn't leave you much room to think about what you are doing, only to attend to the next thing and the next. Planning isn't in the mix.

When I was pregnant the first time, I was living in a weekly motel for some time. I had a minifridge with no freezer and a microwave. I was on WIC. I ate peanut butter from the jar and frozen burritos because they were 12/$2. Had I had a stove, I couldn't have made beef burritos that cheaply. And I needed the meat, I was pregnant. I might not have had any prenatal care, but I am intelligent enough to eat protein and iron whilst knocked up.
poverty  poor  money 
november 2016 by Quercki
The Department of Justice Throws Its Weight Behind Ending the Jailing of the Poor for Unpaid Fines | American Civil Liberties Union
The Justice Department came to a pretty simple conclusion that should not be controversial: People should never be locked up behind bars for being unable to pay court fines and fees they cannot afford. But local governments across the country are using threats of jail and actual imprisonment to secure payments toward court fines and fees. The ACLU has exposed and challenged these practices in places as diverse as DeKalb County, Georgia; Benton County, Washington; Eastpointe, Michigan; and Biloxi, Mississippi. 

In one stroke, the Justice Department has dramatically amplified our efforts. It has issued a strong letter to state chief justices and court administrators making it clear that the 14th Amendment prohibits jailing people for nonpayment of court fines and fees without procedural safeguards. These measures include an ability-to-pay hearing before a neutral judge on whether a person’s nonpayment was willful or due to poverty, meaningful alternatives to jail for people who cannot afford to pay, and legal representation in certain collection enforcement actions.

DOJ’s letter also echoes longstanding ACLU concerns about the bias introduced when municipalities enlist for-profit probation companies that have a direct financial stake in the debts they are hired to collect. Employees hurt the company bottom line when they help courts identify indigent people whose payment of company service fees should be waived. The ACLU has sued the for-profit probation company Judicial Corrections Services, Inc. in Georgia and Biloxi.
jail  fines  poverty  Ferguson  ACLU  DOJ  solutions 
march 2016 by Quercki
Genocide, not genes: indigenous peoples' genetic alcoholism is a racist myth / Boing Boing
Our received scientific wisdom is full of well-known "facts" that are just fairy-tales made up to explain social problems through a biological lens (see, for example, virtually the entire field of Darwinian psychology). These science-tales serve a social purpose: they situate social problems as being innate and outside of the realm of human fault. Particularly, they excuse away any social inequality as being the (seemingly inevitable) result of our biology, and not the result of some people grabbing more than their fair share, at everyone else's expense.

Enter the theory of genetic susceptibility to alcoholism.

Addiction science is a mess to begin with, overshadowed by politics. Scientists who do objective research are shut down by government ideologues who are, themselves, addicted to the law-and-order message that says that people who use or abuse drugs have some biological and/or criminal deficit that requires that they be placed under direct state control.

Meanwhile, researchers like Canada's Bruce Alexander have demonstrated, through elegant experiments, that addiction follows from privation. Animals (including humans) who lead miserable, impoverished lives end up addicted to drugs (not, as is often assumed, the other way around).

Bruce Alexander's theory is it moves the "drug problem" from a problem of individual weakness to a problem of social injustice. When it comes to indigenous people, the belief that genes, not genocide, cause addiction, means that genocide itself is something that can be put behind us.
Native_American  alcohol  social  poverty  solution 
october 2015 by Quercki
New law limits jail time for poor who commit certain crimes | Chicago Reporter
On any given day, thousands of inmates sit behind bars in Cook County Jail as their cases meander their way through the courts. Many are eligible for release pending trial, but they don’t have the thousands of dollars—sometimes far less—that they need to post bail. So they wait incarcerated for weeks or even months, the passing days wreaking havoc on their jobs and family life, without having been convicted of a crime.

Earlier this month, Gov. Bruce Rauner signed a law that creates a pilot project to help some of these detainees. The legislation, which passed unanimously in the Illinois Senate and by a substantial majority in the House, will create a separate court for inmates charged with low-level shoplifting and trespassing crimes. If their cases aren’t resolved within 30 days and they can’t raise the money for bail, Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart can release them.

The sheriff, who was one of the law’s strongest supporters, says between 150 and 200 of the jail’s average daily population of 9,000 inmates would be eligible for the program immediately. Many of these detainees committed crimes of survival, like the 41-year-old woman who has been in the jail for 128 days, after being arrested for stealing hygiene products from a supermarket. One man has been in jail for 46 days after allegedly trespassing at a fish restaurant.

“I’m tired of seeing so many detainees sitting in the jail just because they’re poor,” Dart said. “This law is going to force the issue.”
Chicago  jail  bail  poverty  racism 
september 2015 by Quercki
5 Surprising Insider Facts About Welfare part 2|
#2. Being On Welfare Is Like a Part-Time Job
a lot of states don't simply "hand out" the handouts -- you have to earn them. Most require something like 20-30 hours a week of work-related activity, which means hunting for a job or doing community service. Basically, you receive compensation in exchange for performing a task or service? Which, um, kind of sounds like a job.
#1. People on Welfare Are Treated Like Shit
welfare  poverty  politics 
july 2015 by Quercki
5 Surprising Insider Facts About Welfare |
#5. The "Welfare Queen" Myth Goes Back to a Single Person
Linda Taylor, the originator of the "welfare queen" myth. She was a dedicated con artist who stole hundreds of thousands of dollars from the US government by being a dedicated con artist. Fun fact: she also kidnapped children and probably murdered people. But she was only ever charged for the welfare fraud, because the prosecutors were worried that a murder case would distract from the far weightier issue of stealing from the taxpayers. That's right: people are so enraged by the idea of welfare fraud that they literally treat it like it's more offensive than murder.
#4. No, Undocumented Immigrants Aren't Taking All the Benefits
#3. The Idea Behind Welfare Was to Save the Taxpayers Money
according to studies, every dollar spent on WIC saves three dollars in future hospital costs.
welfare  poverty  politics 
july 2015 by Quercki
The High Cost of Driving While Poor | East Bay Express
One month after the carjacking, during the beginning of Smith's long physical recovery, an Oakland police officer pulled him over while he was driving near the Coliseum. Smith, who is Black, said he can't remember the exact reason why the officer stopped him, but recalled that the cop told him something about him not properly displaying a sticker in the rear window. What he does remember — and what court records show — is that he did not have his proper proof of insurance on him, resulting in a citation with an initial fine of more than $700.

Smith had gotten traffic citations before, but this one could not have come at a worse time. He was out of work and was still recovering from the shooting. As a result of his injuries, he missed an initial deadline to show up to Alameda County Superior Court for the traffic violation, leading him to receive a "failure to appear" citation. That infraction carried an additional $300 "civil assessment," and resulted in the Department of Motor Vehicles suspending his driver's license.
Oakland  Alameda  county  traffic  fines  poverty  Ferguson 
may 2015 by Quercki
As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price : NPR
Who's Too Poor To Pay?

In 1983, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Bearden v. Georgia that people can't be sent to jail simply for being too poor to pay fines and fees. The court said someone could be sentenced only if he or she had the money and had "willfully" refused to pay. But the justices did not define what that meant. The result is that it's often left to judges to make the difficult calculation: Who's too poor to pay. And who can, but didn't.

NPR found sweeping discrepancies across the country over how courts make those decisions. Some judges will tell an offender to give up their phone service, or quit smoking cigarettes and use the money instead to pay court debt.

Some judges and politicians — even ones with reputations for being hard on crime — are starting to question whether the use of fines and fees has gone too far. The new law in Colorado was passed on a near-unanimous vote of Republicans and Democrats.

Courts, too, have taken action to limit the use of fees. Last month, a U.S. district judge stopped the city of Montgomery, Ala., from collecting traffic fines from three defendants who went to jail for failure to pay fines and fees. And over the last two years, judges in Alabama and Georgia have ruled in other cases to limit fines and fees. Earlier this year, the Ohio State Supreme Court warned judges to stop putting people in jail simply because they're too poor to pay a fine.

A History Of Rising Fees

The roots of the growing practice to add more fines and fees can be dated back to the start of America's tough-on-crime policies, beginning with the War on Crime in the 1970s and then the War on Drugs in the 1980s. In 40 years, the number of people behind bars in the U.S. jumped 700 percent. Jails, prisons and courtrooms became overcrowded. And the costs of running them, according to the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics, rose from $6 billion for states in 1980 to more than $67 billion a year in 2010.
poverty  poor  prison 
may 2014 by Quercki
What If Everything You Knew About Poverty Was Wrong? | Mother Jones
"Everyone cheats," she said. Jencks perked up and said, "Can you prove it?"

Edin spent the next six years taking a deep dive into welfare home economics, pestering poor mothers in Chicago, Boston, San Antonio, and Charleston about how they managed to survive on benefits that averaged $370 a month. In 1997, she published her findings in a book called Making Ends Meet: How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work. It came on the heels of the Clinton-era welfare reform that overhauled the entitlement system to force single mothers into the workplace.

But Edin documented that most moms on welfare were already working under the table or in the underground economy, and that lovers, friends, family, and the fathers of their children were pitching in to help. They didn't get legal jobs because of a straightforward economic calculus: Low wages drained by child care, transportation, and other expenses would have left them poorer than they were on welfare.

In a foreword to the book, Jencks notes that this simple math had been kept out of the political debate for years, as conservatives refused to admit that welfare benefits couldn't support a family, and liberals were reluctant to acknowledge the extent of the deceptions. Edin's work forced that discussion out into the open. "I don't think we realize how difficult it is for low-income families living on minimum wage or less than minimum wage to survive," says William Julius Wilson. "That's why that book was so important—it documented what we should have known."
poverty  research 
march 2014 by Quercki
What If Everything You Knew About Poverty Was Wrong? | Mother Jones
they spent several years canvassing Camden in search of dads to interview. They stopped men on the street and asked if they'd talk—sometimes right there on the spot. They put up flyers and worked with nonprofit groups and eventually knit together a sample of equal parts black and white men they interviewed at length over the better part of a decade.

"At every turn an unmarried man who seeks to be a father, not just a daddy, is rebuffed by a system that pushes him aside with one hand while reaching into his pocket with the other."
Again, what they discovered surprised them. Rather than viewing unplanned fatherhood as a burden, the men almost uniformly saw it as a blessing. "It's so antithetical to a middle-class perspective," Edin says. "But it finally dawned on us that these guys thought that by bringing children in the world they were doing something good in the world." Everything else around them—the violence, the poverty, their economic prospects—was so negative, she explains, a baby was "one little dot of color" on a black-and-white canvas.
poverty  research  fathers 
march 2014 by Quercki
Transcript | This American Life
This is a public document that anybody could have requested and gotten a copy of. If Robert Nelson or his sister had known enough to research it or ask for it, they could have gotten it themselves. And it worked. The judge granted the motion, the DNA test proved Robert Nelson's innocence, and four years after his first request for a DNA test, he was set free. Justice had been delayed, but a mistake was corrected, an innocent man was out of prison.

And then, five days after his release-- it was the end of the work day, 4:30, Sharon says-- the court administrator and Judge David Byrn, who she worked for, called her in.

Sharon Snyder
--and gave me a letter stating that I was going to be suspended without pay for my involvement and that there would be an investigation. And I was blown away.

Ira Glass
Blown away, totally caught off guard. Two weeks later, she was fired. She was 70 years old, had worked there for 34 years. She was nine months away from retirement.
poverty  Africa  innocence  imprisonment  marijuana  DEA  Mendocino 
january 2014 by Quercki
Daily Kos: What Happens when Poor People get Cash? An Empirical Study.
When the casino opened, Professor Costello had already been following 1,420 rural children in the area, a quarter of whom were Cherokee, for four years. That gave her a solid baseline measure. Roughly one-fifth of the rural non-Indians in her study lived in poverty, compared with more than half of the Cherokee. By 2001, when casino profits amounted to $6,000 per person yearly, the number of Cherokee living below the poverty line had declined by half.

The impact on psychiatric outcomes? By 2003, she was ready to publish. The psychiatric community was still debating whether poverty caused mental health problems or vice versa, so her results, she said, surprised her. What she found was that
The frequency of behavioral problems declined by 40 percent, nearly reaching the risk of children who had never been poor. Already well-off Cherokee children, on the other hand, showed no improvement. The supplements seemed to benefit the poorest children most dramatically.
She continued following the children, and the next time she published her results, she found something even more startling: the earlier these payments arrived in a child's family, the better the child's mental health as he or she grew up.
poverty  solutions  policy  politics  children 
january 2014 by Quercki
Why we should give free money to everyone
In the 2010 work Just Give Money to the Poor, researchers from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) give numerous examples of money being scattered successfully. In Namibia, malnourishment, crime and truancy fell 25 percent, 42 percent and nearly 40 percent respectively. In Malawi, school enrollment of girls and women rose 40 percent in conditional and unconditional settings. From Brazil to India and from Mexico to South Africa, free-money programs have flourished in the past decade. While the Millenium Development Goals did not even mention the programs, by now more than 110 million families in at least 45 countries benefit from them.

OECD researchers sum up the programs’ advantages: (1) households make good use of the money, (2) poverty decreases, (3) long-term benefits in income, health, and tax income are remarkable, (4) there is no negative effect on labor supply – recipients do not work less, and (5) the programs save money. Here is a presentation of their findings. Why would we send well-paid foreigners in SUVs when we could just give cash? This would also diminish risk of corrupt officials taking their share. Free money stimulates the entire economy: consumption goes up, resulting in more jobs and higher incomes.

‘Poverty is fundamentally about a lack of cash. It's not about stupidity,’ author Joseph Hanlon remarks. ‘You can't pull yourself up by your bootstraps if you have no boots.’
poverty  solution  poor  money 
january 2014 by Quercki
5 Amazing Pieces of Good News Nobody Is Reporting |
The Good News:

First, we need to point out that we live in the most literate world ever. Currently, about 99 percent of American adults can read and write. But that's America -- a better question would be how the rest of the world is doing. The answer is also pretty impressive. Take India, for example, and its 1.2 billion people. Fifty years ago, only 18 percent of them could have enjoyed the Twilight saga. Today, over 60 percent of the country can enjoy literature's greatest love story. Worldwide as a whole, that figure is 84 percent.

So what are people doing with these new reading powers? At least one survey suggests that nearly twice as many Americans are reading novels today compared to 60 years ago. Unlike the imaginary ideal 1950s living room, Mom and Pop weren't seated 'round the fire exchanging copies of the New Yorker and ruminating on the works of Fitzgerald or Steinbeck. In reality, they were probably listening to the radio and talking about how great segregation is.
literacy  poverty  news  good 
december 2013 by Quercki
This Is Why Poor People's Bad Decisions Make Perfect Sense | Linda Tirado
I smoke. It's expensive. It's also the best option. You see, I am always, always exhausted. It's a stimulant. When I am too tired to walk one more step, I can smoke and go for another hour. When I am enraged and beaten down and incapable of accomplishing one more thing, I can smoke and I feel a little better, just for a minute. It is the only relaxation I am allowed. It is not a good decision, but it is the only one that I have access to. It is the only thing I have found that keeps me from collapsing or exploding.
poor  smoking  poverty  class  culture 
november 2013 by Quercki
The Logic of Stupid Poor People | tressiemc
I remember my mother taking a next door neighbor down to the social service agency. The elderly woman had been denied benefits to care for the granddaughter she was raising. The woman had been denied in the genteel bureaucratic way — lots of waiting, forms, and deadlines she could not quite navigate. I watched my mother put on her best Diana Ross “Mahogany” outfit: a camel colored cape with matching slacks and knee high boots. I was miffed, as only an only child could be, about sharing my mother’s time with the neighbor girl. I must have said something about why we had to do this. Vivian fixed me with a stare as she was slipping on her pearl earrings and told me that people who can do, must do. It took half a day but something about my mother’s performance of respectable black person — her Queen’s English, her Mahogany outfit, her straight bob and pearl earrings — got done what the elderly lady next door had not been able to get done in over a year. I learned, watching my mother, that there was a price we had to pay to signal to gatekeepers that we were worthy of engaging. It meant dressing well and speaking well. It might not work. It likely wouldn‘t work but on the off chance that it would, you had to try. It was unfair but, as Vivian also always said, “life isn’t fair little girl.”
poor  poverty  class  wealth  race  culture 
november 2013 by Quercki
Step to College! Oakland Success Story Documented by CBS-5 - YouTube
Published on Jul 20, 2013 "The point of education is not to escape poverty; the point of education is to END it." —Jeff Andrade-Duncan, PhD

Students in urban and poor communities are exposed to persistent forms of trauma that result from violence, hunger, unstable housing, and the broader effects of poverty and racism. Most will not perform well in school unless these basic survival needs are met. When urban youth do manage to find academic success, despite these challenging circumstances, the unspoken societal message is that success means "getting out" of their neighborhood. If the most resilient and successful young people leave their communities, then the vicious cycles of poverty and despair are never broken. We are determined to tackle these problems with love, hope and teaching methods that inspire students to achieve academic success while instilling in them a sense of responsibility to return to their neighborhoods to build thriving sustainable communities in urban centers in the U.S. and around the world.

What we've done

Jeff Duncan-Andrade has dedicated his adult life to supporting and developing urban youth to help create a sustainable urban community. He has been teaching and coaching in the Oakland public schools for 18 years and has found his success as a teacher and a coach to be closely related. Coaches work with athletes over a number of years. During that time, they have the opportunity to get more intensively involved with students' families and their general well-being than most other adults in their schooling lives. Having tapped this opportunity as a coach, Jeff began using a "looping" approach in his classroom where he worked with a cohort of high school students for four years until they graduated. He offered his full commitment to each of them: 360-degree support on a 24/7 schedule. He became teacher, life coach, big brother, and offered his home as a safe haven when trauma struck in a student's life. In return, he was able to demand a lot from them academically, as individuals and as a collective. The results were dramatic. In his most recent cohort, 24 of 26 students went onto four-year colleges or universities. Furthermore, over the years many of his students have returned to Oakland to serve the community, many of them as teachers. The approach is, at one level quite simple; he encourages students to take pride in their histories, cultures, and communities in order that they might share personal and collective commitments to grow healthier communities.

poverty  Oakland  African-American  education  college  solutions 
july 2013 by Quercki
Saru Jayaraman: The Truth About $2.13
Here are some facts about the minimum wage and the restaurant industry. First, the federal subminimum wage for tipped workers has been frozen at $2.13 since 1991! This law allows a $5.12 tip penalty, i.e., employers are allowed to penalize workers up to $5.12 per hour for receiving tips. The tipped minimum wage especially impacts restaurant workers, who make up the overwhelming majority of tipped workers.

Not surprisingly, in states where the tipped minimum wage is $2.13, twenty percent of servers live in poverty -- a rate that's three times higher than the overall population. However, in states that have abolished the tip penalty, the server poverty rate drops by 43 percent.

Women make up two-thirds of tipped workers, but female servers are paid only 70 percent of male servers' pay. With such dismally low wages, this pay gap can mean the difference between living above or slipping below the poverty line.
$2.13  wages  restaurants  economy  poverty 
july 2013 by Quercki
What happens to women denied abortions? This is the first scientific study to find out.
Here's the short version of what they discovered, from a post they made on the Global Turnaway Study Facebook page:

We have found that there are no mental health consequences of abortion compared to carrying an unwanted pregnancy to term. There are other interesting findings: even later abortion is safer than childbirth and women who carried an unwanted pregnancy to term are three times more likely than women who receive an abortion to be below the poverty level two years later.

Below, you can find the longer, more complex version of the story. I spoke with Foster about the groups' preliminary findings.


The women in the Turnaway Study were in comparable economic positions at the time they sought abortions. 45% were on public assistance and two-thirds had household incomes below the federal poverty level. One of the main reasons women cite for wanting to abort is money, and based on the outcomes for the turnaways, it seems they are right.

Most of the women who were denied an abortion, 86%, were living with their babies a year later. Only 11% had put them up for adoption. Also a year later, they were far more likely to be on public assistance — 76% of the turnaways were on the dole, as opposed to 44% of those who got abortions. 67% percent of the turnaways were below the poverty line (vs. 56% of the women who got abortions), and only 48% had a full time job (vs. 58% of the women who got abortions).

When a woman is denied the abortion she wants, she is statistically more likely to wind up unemployed, on public assistance, and below the poverty line. Another conclusion we could draw is that denying women abortions places more burden on the state because of these new mothers' increased reliance on public assistance programs.
abortion  statistics  poverty  crime 
january 2013 by Quercki
In reply to a 'pro-life" blogger
In each and every dark pit of desperation, I have never seen a pro-lifer. I ain’t never seen them babysitting, scrubbing floors, bringing over goods, handing mom $50 bucks a month or driving her to the pediatrician. I ain’t never seen them sitting up for hours with an autistic child who screams and rages so his mother can get some sleep while she rests up from working 14-hour days. I don’t see them fixing leaks in rundown houses or playing with a kid while the police prepare to interview her about her sexual abuse. They’re not paying for the funerals of babies and children who died after birth, when they truly do become independent organisms. And the crazy thing is they think they’ve already done their job, because the child was born!
pro-life  choice  poverty  abuse 
october 2012 by Quercki
Population crisis: Amid global population growth, a loss of urgency -
At a clinic in Muzaffarnagar, 70 miles north of New Delhi, more than 100 young women lined up in the dim hallway and spilled out the door. More sat surrounded by young children on the roof, a makeshift waiting room complete with plastic chairs.

They had come for a once-a-month distribution of IUDs. Each patient took a pregnancy test, had a pelvic exam and was fitted with the contraceptive device. The price per patient: $3.29. Those with government cards showing they lived below the poverty line paid $1.76.

The turnout was so large that dozens of women were told to come back the next day.

"Women are desperate for family planning services, to take control of their lives," said Gopi Gopalakrishnan, president of World Health Partners.

Surveys have found that nearly a quarter of women of childbearing age in Uttar Pradesh do not use modern contraception, even though they want to avoid pregnancy. Many women in rural areas cannot travel to health centers or afford contraceptives.
contraception  population  poverty  choice 
july 2012 by Quercki
8 Stories Buried By the Corporate Media That You Need to Know About | | AlterNet
1) Our Planet Saw the Largest Increase in Carbon Emissions Since the Industrial Revolution
2) Widespread Trafficking Of Iraqi Women And Girls Thanks To The Iraq War
3) More Iraq Veterans Committed Suicide Last Year Than Active-Duty Troops Died In Combat
4) Drone Strikes Kill Innocent Civilians, Not Just 'Militants'
5) Record Number Of US Kids Face Hunger and Homelessness
6) Prisoners Are People Too
7) US Deports 46,000 Parents, Kids Left Behind In Foster Care
8) FBI Teaches Agents That Muslims Are Violent Radicals
climatechange  trafficking  war  suicide  PTSD  homelessness  poverty  children  prison  immigration  homelandsecurity  FBI 
january 2012 by Quercki
Obesity among poor children tied to diet | The Times Leader, Wilkes-Barre, Scranton PA - News
Researchers have long blamed childhood obesity and diabetes, especially in poor neighborhoods, on too much food and too little exercise.

But new findings from a San Antonio study point to another explanation: children living in poverty are obese in part because they don’t eat enough to meet the daily nutritional requirements needed for cell function and metabolism.

A 9-year-old should consume 1,400 to 2,200 calories daily to sustain growth, said Dr. Roberto Trevino, director of the nonprofit Social and Health Research Center. But in the study of 1,400 inner-city children, 44 percent were consuming less than 1,400 calories, and 33 percent were obese.

“They were not overeating,” Trevino said. “This study shows these kids were not eating enough, and when they did eat it was all the wrong things.”

Missing from the children’s diets were four key nutrients: calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. All play important roles, but magnesium is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions in the body that help to spur metabolism and cell function.

When magnesium — found in cooked spinach, black beans, bran cereal and other foods — is missing from the diet, it can predispose an individual to diabetes, Trevino said.

Nearly 7 percent of children in the study screened positive for type II diabetes, typically an adult disease, Trevino said.
poverty  children  obesity  diabetes  nutrition 
november 2011 by Quercki
“Weathering” and Age Patterns of Allostatic Load Scores Among Blacks and Whites in the United States
Conclusions. We found evidence that racial inequalities in health exist across a range of biological systems among adults and are not explained by racial differences in poverty. The weathering effects of living in a race-conscious society may be greatest among those Blacks most likely to engage in high-effort coping.
race  poverty  hypertension  health  stress 
november 2010 by Quercki
Racism's Hidden Toll | Smart Journalism. Real Solutions. Miller-McCune.
Geronimus has devoted her career to finding the real reasons. Her own complex explanation for what’s happening — the weathering framework — rests on two unexpected, controversial causes: racism and stress, in the broadest senses of both terms. American minorities face a bevy of chronic obstacles that whites and the socioeconomically advantaged cope with far less often: environmental pollution, high crime, poor health care, overt racism, concentrated poverty. Over the course of a person’s life, the psychological and physiological response to this kind of stress leads to dire health problems, advanced aging and early death.
racism  race  poverty  pregnancy  economics  teen 
november 2010 by Quercki
The Best Inequality Graph « Consider the Evidence
The Best Inequality Graph
March 9, 2008
Income inequality in the United States has been rising since the 1970s.
What is the most effective way to succinctly convey this fact?

The chart shows average inflation-adjusted incomes of the poorest 20%, middle 60%, and top 1% of households since the 1970s. The incomes include government transfers and subtract taxes. For the bulk of American households, incomes have increased moderately or minimally. For those at the top, by contrast, they have soared.
class  economics  economy  graph  income  poverty  inequality 
november 2010 by Quercki
90% of Black Children on Food Stamps | Poverty in America |
In one of the most dramatic examples I've seen of the true reach of hunger in the United States, a new report released this week by Washington University in St. Louis researchers found that 90 percent of black children will be clients of the national Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP/Food Stamps) at least once by the time they turn 20.

Although the percentage is less for white children (the only other ethnic group studied), the startling statistic here is that, at some point before their 20th birthday, 50 percent of all children in the United States will have received SNAP benefits.

More than being about access to food, the report's lead researcher says his findings represent a more important trend in the upbringing of the country's children. "Rather than being a time of security and safety, the childhood years for many American children are a time of economic turmoil, risk, and hardship," says Mark Rank, Ph.D.
black  children  poverty  foodsecurity  foodstamps  race 
september 2010 by Quercki
Chocolate's bittersweet economy - Feb. 14, 2008
to make ends meet, underage cocoa workers, like Madi and the two boys next to him, spend their days wielding machetes, handling pesticides and carrying heavy loads.

This type of child labor isn't supposed to exist in Ivory Coast. Not only is it explicitly barred by law - the official working age in the country is 18 - but since the issue first became public seven years ago, there has been an international campaign by the chocolate industry, governments and human rights organizations to eradicate the problem. Yet today child workers, many under the age of 10, are everywhere. Sometimes they're visibly scarred from their work. In the village of Lilo a young boy carrying a machete ambled along a road with a bandaged shin. He said he had cut his leg toiling in a cocoa patch.

The big cocoa exporters - Cargill, Archer Daniels Midland (ADM, Fortune 500), Barry Callebaut and Saf-Cacao -
chocolate  politics  poverty  childlabor 
august 2010 by Quercki
Op-Ed Columnist - Two Men and Two Paths -
Both Wes Moores had troubled youths in blighted neighborhoods, difficulties in school, clashes with authority and unpleasant encounters with police handcuffs. But one ended up graduating Phi Beta Kappa and serving as a White House fellow, and today is a banker with many volunteer activities. The other is serving a life prison sentence without the possibility of parole.
racism  poverty  solutions  black 
june 2010 by Quercki
2009 Federal Poverty Guidelines
Persons in family Poverty guideline
1 $10,830
2 14,570
3 18,310
4 22,050
5 25,790
6 29,530
7 33,270
8 37,010
For families with more than 8 persons, add $3,740 for each additional person.
povery  poverty  government  reference  history  income  statistics 
may 2009 by Quercki
Positive Deviance: Projects
Positive Deviance (PD) is a development approach that is based on the premise that solutions to community problems already exist within the community. The positive deviance approach thus differs from traditional "needs based" or problem-solving approaches in that it does not focus primarily on identification of needs and the external inputs necessary to meet those needs or solve problems. Instead it seeks to identify and optimize existing resources and solutions within the community to solve community problems.
sexism  girls  nutrition  poverty  healthcare 
december 2008 by Quercki
Inconspicuous Consumption - The Atlantic (July/August 2008)
Conspicuous consumption, this research suggests, is not an unambiguous signal of personal affluence. It’s a sign of belonging to a relatively poor group. Visible luxury thus serves less to establish the owner’s positive status as affluent than to fend off the negative perception that the owner is poor.
wealth  race  income  poverty 
december 2008 by Quercki
The New Yorker: Fact
microcredit microfinance to women in poverty
money  microcredit  poverty 
november 2006 by Quercki

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