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Quercki : risk   16

The voting machines that local officials swore were not connected to the internet have been connected to the internet for years / Boing Boing
ots of election officials, including many in heavily contested districts that have determined the outcomes of national elections (cough Florida cough) just leave their machines connected to the internet all the time, while denying that this is the case, possibly because they don't know any better.

A team of ten leading security experts, including some affiliated with NIST's election cybersecurity efforts, have used internet-wide scanning to locate dozens of these systems, live on the internet, and because it's the internet, they're not even sure who all of them belong to, and can't alert the relevant officials. Many of these systems have been online for months; some have likely been online for years.

ES&S has downplayed the risk, using incredibly misleading definitions of "not connected to the internet" (for example, insisting that "behind a firewall" is the same thing as "airgapped"). The company's account of its security best practices, training and maintenance are belied by their own public documents as well as authenticated whistleblower's accounts.

In one case -- Rhode Island -- it appears that every vote cast in the state is tallied on a single system that is often available on the internet.
election  security  risk 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
New York City's Health Department Calls Criminal Justice System A Health Risk
“What New York is doing is smart — people don’t often see how the health care system and criminal justice are interlinked,” University of Georgia sociologist Sarah Shannon, who studies the health effects of incarceration on prisoners and families, said. “But especially in our era of mass incarceration, there has been a lot of evidence they have to affect each other.”

The Department of Health and Mental Hygiene estimates around 577,000 people, 9% of New Yorkers, have been physically threatened or abused by the police. Overall, 29%, roughly 1.9 million people, report even being stopped, frisked, or questioned by the police.

Those people have higher rates of heart disease, diabetes, drug abuse, and mental illness, warns the department, which is starting a new public health campaign focused on educating health care workers about chronic health conditions linked to these patients. Around 27% of those formerly incarcerated, for example, reported poor mental health, compared with 13% among the never incarcerated (the national rate for mental illness is 19%). And 29% of those reporting threats or abuse by the police had poor physical health, compared with 12% of those who hadn’t.
NY  police  contacts  public  health  risk  study 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
Resolution HC Incarceration draft _edits_2.28.2019 (1).pdf
WHEREAS, community-based treatment should be the first option to address an individual’s severe behavioral health and/or substance use issues; andWHEREASSFDPH operates programs aimed at improving the social determinants of health in all stages of life;THEREFORE,BE IT RESOLVED, that the Health Commission recognizes incarceration to be a public health issue impacting the health and wellbeing of individuals incarcerated and the families and communities of those incarcerated, with impacton low-incomecommunities and people of color, specifically African American men; and be itFURTHER RESOLVED, the Health Commission requests thatthe SFDPH research and submit a report to the Commission that outlines a roadmap, incorporating harm reduction and best practices,to maximize efforts within its control to prevent individuals from being incarcerated; to increase collaboration, efficiencyand effectivenessof medical and behavioral health services across the continuum of care;to enhance and expandpost-release discharge planning, linkage to relevant services in the community, and other reentry services; and to work on mitigating the knowncontributing factors and the impactof incarceration on families and communities.
SF  police  contacts  public  heath  risk  law 
9 weeks ago by Quercki
Dakota Access is in Financial Jeopardy — Sacred Stone Camp - Iŋyaŋ Wakháŋagapi Othí
On Wednesday, November 16, 2016, just hours after the arrival of the drill at Standing Rock, Dakota Access LLC filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers for delaying its decision on the last required easement. Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Chairman Dave Archambault said in response, “They are wrong and the lawsuit will not succeed. We are looking forward to discussing the easement with the Administration and explaining why it must be denied.” In their court documents, the company said that delays have already cost nearly $100 million and that "further delay in the consideration of this case would add millions of dollars more each month in costs which cannot be recovered."

This desperation comes from the company’s January 1, 2017 deadline for completing the project.  Dakota Access has previously told the District Court that if they are not delivering oil by January 1, their shipper contracts will expire and the project will be in jeopardy.  A new report by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, and issued just as the company’s lawsuit was being filed on Wednesday, confirmed these weaknesses in the financing of the project and questioned its entire economic rationale.

The report, “The High-Risk Financing Behind the Dakota Access Pipeline: A Potential Stranded Asset in the Bakken Region of North Dakota,” describes why Dakota Access is pushing so hard to meet its January 1 deadline.  If it does not, producers and shippers who signed contracts two years ago committing to use the pipeline will then have the option to renegotiate the terms of those contracts, or even terminate them.  
NoDAPL  bank  finance  risk  pipeline 
november 2016 by Quercki
Why Do We Judge Parents For Putting Kids At Perceived — But Unreal — Risk? : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture : NPR
We understand that kids need to walk and run and climb and jump and play in order to grow up healthy and strong, even though all of those activities involve some physical risk. Developmental psychologists need to do a better job of explaining to policymakers and parents that healthy psychological development, just like healthy physical development, involves some amount of risk.


SHOTS - HEALTH NEWS
How To Teach Children That Failure Is The Secret To Success
Children need to explore and experiment and be on their own sometimes in order to develop independence and responsibility and self-efficacy. By keeping them under our direct supervision at all times, we sacrifice that, and we narrow their world in profound ways. Each kid is different, of course, and the people best qualified to decide how much responsibility and independence any given child can handle are that child's parents. Parents' rights to make these decisions should be respected unless there is a clear, immediate and significant risk to the child's safety.
children  risk  free  morality  parenting  society 
august 2016 by Quercki
Once again: police work is NOT getting more dangerous - The Washington Post
Policing has been getting safer for 20 years. In terms of raw number of deaths, 2013 was the safest year for cops since World War II. If we look at the rate of deaths, 2013 was the safest year for police in well over a century. At the current pace, we can expect to see a 17 percent increase in on the job law enforcement fatalities this year over last year. That would put the total number of police officers who die on the job this year at 117, making 2014 the second safest year for cops in terms of raw fatalities since 1959. It would also put 2014 as the safest year for fatality rates in over a century. You’re more likely to be murdered simply by living in about half of the largest cities in America than you are while working as a police officer.
police  risk  death  danger  statistics  data 
june 2015 by Quercki
National Right to Life Director Admits Pregnancy Is Riskier Than Abortion
The state legislative director of one of the nation’s leading anti-choice organizations recently contradicted a key refrain of the anti-choice movement when she admitted that abortion is safer than many common medical procedures, including delivery.

During a political and legislative strategy session at the National Right to Life Committee’s annual convention held last weekend in Louisville, Kentucky, Mary Spaulding Balch said current data shows that abortions—including riskier second-trimester abortions—carry fewer risks of death than vaginal births, cesarean sections, and plastic surgery procedures, such as facelifts and liposuction.

In making this point, Balch criticized the legislative strategy used by other anti-choice groups to pass bans on abortion after 20 weeks by claiming the procedure is dangerous to women. The proper approach, she said, is to base the argument around the unborn.
abortion  anti-choice  risk 
december 2014 by Quercki
Risk Calculator for Cholesterol Appears Flawed - NYTimes.com
Dr. Sidney Smith, the executive chairman of the guideline committee, said the associations would examine the flaws found in the calculator and determine if changes were needed. “We need to see if the concerns raised are substantive,” he said in a telephone interview on Sunday. “Do there need to be changes?”

The problems were identified by two Harvard Medical School professors whose findings will be published Tuesday in a commentary in The Lancet, a major medical journal. The professors, Dr. Paul M. Ridker and Dr. Nancy Cook, had pointed out the problems a year earlier when the National Institutes of Health’s National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, which originally was developing the guidelines, sent a draft to each professor independently to review. Both reported back that the calculator was not working among the populations it was tested on by the guideline makers.

That was unfortunate because the committee thought the researchers had been given the professors’ responses, said Dr. Donald Lloyd-Jones, co-chairman of the guidelines task force and chairman of the department of preventive medicine at Northwestern University.

Drs. Ridker and Cook saw the final guidelines and risk calculator on Tuesday at 4 p.m., when a news embargo was lifted, and saw that the problems remained.
heart  risk  guidelines  statins 
december 2013 by Quercki
Risk Calculator for Cholesterol Appears Flawed - NYTimes.com
Last week, the nation’s leading heart organizations released a sweeping new set of guidelines for lowering cholesterol, along with an online calculator meant to help doctors assess risks and treatment options. But, in a major embarrassment to the health groups, the calculator appears to greatly overestimate risk, so much so that it could mistakenly suggest that millions more people are candidates for statin drugs.
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Mark Graham for The New York Times
Dr. Nancy Cook and Dr. Paul M. Ridker of Harvard Medical School found that a new online calculator used to assess heart treatment options overestimated the risks that many people face.
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The apparent problem prompted one leading cardiologist, a past president of the American College of Cardiology, to call on Sunday for a halt to the implementation of the new guidelines.

“It’s stunning,” said the cardiologist, Dr. Steven Nissen, chief of cardiovascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic. “We need a pause to further evaluate this approach before it is implemented on a widespread basis.”

The controversy set off turmoil at the annual meeting of the American Heart Association, which started this weekend in Dallas. After an emergency session on Saturday night, the two organizations that published the guidelines — the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology — said that while the calculator was not perfect, it was a major step forward, and that the guidelines already say patients and doctors should discuss treatment options rather than blindly follow a calculator.
statins  cholesterol  risk  heart 
november 2013 by Quercki
Abstract 14642: Do Diuretics, Beta-Blockers, and Statins Increase the Risk of Diabetes in Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance? Insights from the NAVIGATOR Study -- Shen et al. 126 (10021): A14642 -- Circulation
Result: During a median 5 years of follow-up, diuretics, beta-blockers, statins, and CCBs were started in 1425 (22.5%), 993 (17.6 %), 1474 (24.0%), and 1274 (20.3%) of patients, respectively. After adjustment for time-varying confounders, reported prescription of diuretics and statins was associated with increased risk of NOD (HR [95% CI] 1.36 [1.16-1.59] and 1.30 [1.11-1.53], respectively). Beta-blocker treatment showed a trend towards increased risk of NOD (HR [95% CI] 1.2 [1.00-1.46]). No association was found between the use of CCB and NOD (HR [95% CI] 1.14 [0.94-1.38]).

Conclusion: Among persons with IGT and other CV risk factors, diuretic and statin use was associated with an increased risk of NOD, while the use of beta-blockers was indeterminate. Our finding suggests that the risk of NOD with statins and diuretics needs to be carefully weighed against the benefits of these 2 drug classes.
statins  diabetes  risk  cholesterol  hypertension 
november 2012 by Quercki
PLoS ONE: Analysing the Large Decline in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in the Icelandic Population Aged 25-74 between the Years 1981 and 2006
The model included only those adults aged 25 to 74 years old because of very limited data in older groups. Elderly patients and women have been consistently underrepresented in a majority of clinical trials and surveys in cardiovascular disease[35]. This highlights the need for further work on cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly.

But more importantly, the composition of the fat has also changed from more saturated and trans-fatty acids to cis-unsaturated.[32] In contrast, statins played a relatively small role in lipid lowering at the population level for middle aged Icelanders up until 2006.[33]

Solid data on salt or sodium intake on a population level are not available. However during this period a gradual shift occurred from the traditional Icelandic foods dominated by salted and cured meats and fish, to fresh and frozen foods. The contribution of these changes to the fall in blood pressure can only be hypothesized.

Smoking prevalence fell substantially from 47% to 23% overall of which prevalence for non-cigarette smokers fell from 14% to under 3% in 2006. This reflects series of successful tobacco control initiatives including a ban on advertising tobacco in 1971, ban on smoking at workplaces in 1985, ban on selling tobacco to minors in 1996, culminating in legislation to ban smoking in public spaces in June 2007.



In conclusion, almost three quarters of the large coronary heart disease mortality decrease in Iceland between 1981 and 2006 was attributable to reductions in major cardiovascular risk factors in the population, (mainly decreases in total serum cholesterol, smoking and blood pressure levels). These findings emphasize the value of a comprehensive strategy that promotes a healthier diet and further tightens tobacco control. It also highlights the potential importance of effective evidence based medical treatments for all eligible patients.
heart  cholesterol  risk 
august 2012 by Quercki
If There's No Benefit, Why Tolerate Any Risk? - ABC News
It works. It lowers the blood sugar. Furthermore, the earlier generations of drugs designed to do this also lower the blood sugar. They work too.

However, no one feels better for a lower blood sugar. Some feel worse or get fatter depending on the drug. And no one feels worse for a high blood sugar, except for the rare patient with adult onset type 2 diabetes who can mobilize an extremely high blood sugar.

It's like "high" blood pressure.

So Avandia does nothing for the quality of your life. Does it do something else -- save your life, or postpone the horrid complications some patients can get with adult onset type 2 diabetes and its fellow travelers?

...

There is no precedent for any of these drugs saving a life, a limb, an eye, kidney or anything else important. There is no demonstrable benefit except the lowering of blood sugar. Who cares?
health  risk  hypertension  diabetes  medicine 
august 2010 by Quercki
Risks and abuses of megadoses of vitamins
Niacin

Nicotinic acid and nicotinamide acid have identical capacities to prevent pellagra, although their pharmacological actions are different. In doses of more than 2 g, nicotinic acid provokes a histamine response that produces flushing of the skin, burning sensation, and perspiration. It may present a risk to patients with peptic ulcer [45]. Daily consumption of 3 g of nicotinic acid has also been associated with liver toxicity [45, 46].

Another deleterious effect is the increase in levels of serum uric acid, which can result in gout [45]. There is also some evidence that daily doses of 3 g tend to increase cardiac arrhythmias, as well as hyperglycaemia, ketonuria and glucosuria, especially in diabetic patients [43-45].

The use of niacin as a therapeutic drug, especially in the form of nicotinic acid, should be strictly limited to clinical situations under medical supervision.
vitamin  risk  overdose 
may 2010 by Quercki
CRimages: Unofficial Problem Bank List May 7, 2010
www.calculatedriskblog.com
Banks with enforcement actions against them.
bank  money  risk 
may 2010 by Quercki

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