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Instability of Classical Gender Roles in Postwar America - YouTube
Soon after the end of World War II, men returned home and eventually assumed their pre-war occupations that some women were occupying. This drove women out of the manufacturing and industrial trades they were holding and as the baby boomers boomed, women became full time homemakers. Women were now expected to stay at home and take care of the kids while the husband went to work to financially support the family.
As women were forced out of their wartime occupations and into the domesticity of the new American nuclear family, many women felt disenfranchised. Furthermore, the 1950s are often identified as the pinnacle of gender inequality as women were denigrated and portrayed as “stupid, submissive, purely domestic creatures.”
women  post  WWII  work 
6 weeks ago by Quercki
(2) Katie Orenstein - Time Shifts At the end of day three with women...
the many additional shifts that women (and others who are underrepresented in power) have to work each day, and how much time this takes from us.
There is the regular old day job, the first shift. Then there's what Arlie Hochschild called the Second Shift: the disproportionate amount of time that women work at home, compared to men
...
Then there is the Beauty Shift: the amount of time women must spend in order to look presentable for the jobs we work in, or the people we interact with--that our male friends can mostly decline without consequence. ...
A fourth shift is the Representation Shift – the things we are asked to do to represent our gender or race or both. The mentoring we do, the panels we speak on, the meetings and conferences we attend where we are invited to speak about the experience of women...
And finally, there is a fifth shift, the most disturbing one to me, which I call the Credibility Shift: all the time we must spend fighting for the very right to have an idea or opinion in the first place....
women  work  Rebecca_Solnit  sexism  beauty  representation  credibility 
april 2017 by Quercki
All Songs — worksongs.org
All Songs

Listen to a bunch of worksongs in the youtube playlist below
Scroll down to see a list of songs on the site

Songs with audio, video and/or lyrics (favorites are ***)
Berta
Black Betty
Blackbird Get Up ***
Bring A Little Water Sylvie
Bold Riley
Can't You Line 'Em (Trackalacka) ***
CC Rider
Circle of the Sun
Chased Old Satan Through the Door ***
Cornbread, Peas, Black Molasses ***
Dada Mele
Diamond Joe ***
Donkey Riding
Go Down Old Hannah
Go To Sleep Little Baby
God Speed the Plough
Gold Dust Fever
Good Lord (Run Old Jeremiah)
Gotta See It To Believe It
Grey Goose
Ham And Eggs
Hammer Ring
Hal an Tow ***
Haul Away Joe ***
Hollow Leg ***
I Don't Do Nobody Nothin
I wish I wish My Baby Was Born
Join the Band
Jody
Lead Me To The Rock
Lightning Long John ***
Loisa
Look Down That Road
Martin Said to His Man ***
Molasses Rum
Moses Moses Don't Get Lost
One More Day ***
Quick Quick (Pick Off the Tick!)
Red River Blues
Reuben Ranzo ***
Rosie in the Posie
Shorty George
Sheep Sheep Doncha Know The Road
Stewball
Take This Hammer
This Train
Thousands or More
Tiny Bubbles ***
Walking Boss
Walkin' Down the Line
Warm Them Pipes ***
We All Need a Fruit ***
Whoa Back Buck
Wind and Rain
Yomo Begga
work  songs 
april 2017 by Quercki
Pierre Auguste Renoir - The complete works - Page 2
Young Woman Reading An Illustrated Journal

Jeanne Samary Aka La Reverie

A Walk in the Woods (Madame Lecoeur and Her Children)

Le Pont Neuf Paris

The White Pierrot (Jean Renoir)

The Laundress

Young Girl With Daisies

A Bowlful Of Roses

The Thinker Aka Seated Young Woman

Dance in the City

Madame Georges Charpentier and her Children, Georgette...

The Painter Jules Le Coeur Walking His Dogs In The...

Dancer

Christine Lerolle Embroidering

Madame Renoir With A Dog

Entering The Village Of Essoyes

Two Sisters Aka On The Terrace

The Piazza San Marco Venice

Dance In The Country

A Road In Louveciennes

Summer Landscape Aka Woman With A Parasol In A Garden

La Mere Aux Oies

The Ingenue

Girls at the Piano I

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Renoir  painting  art  work 
june 2016 by Quercki
The "Calvinist Work Ethic"
Most U.S. people, on the other hand, seem psychologically impelled to work much too hard for no obvious reason. Many of us actually feel guilty if we aren't working much too hard.   And we tend to think very highly of people who hate what they do; that is irrationally seen as somehow more virtuous than having a job one loves!  
This workaholic attitude is often treated (by people in the U.S.) as just common sense, just part of human nature. It's not. It's a distinct phenomenon, only a few centuries old (that is, very, very recent in terms of human history), localized to a few areas of the globe, and with specific causes in those areas. *
* (The Japanese traditional devotion to duty requires a similar self-discipline, but in other respects is very different from the usual U.S. workaholism.)
If you and your parents were born and raised in the U.S., chances are that you have this "workaholism" in some form or another.
This workaholism can be very unfortunate in itself, but what is perhaps most damaging is that it was also often accompanied by a devastating secret self-doubt and self-judgmentalism, and a very rigid sense of self-righteousness and dehumanization of others.  This tendency can sneak in even today, even in people who would be appalled by it, if they were aware of it.
 
3. Where did it come from?
Max Weber hypothesized that this workaholism came from one particular kind of Puritanish Protestant religion, the kind that holds that God has already predetermined which of us will be "saved" and which damned before we are ever conceived and born. (John Calvin is a prime example of such a "predestination" theologian.) Hence, Weber coined the term “Protestant work ethic" or sometimes “Calvinist work ethic.”   (Some other forms of Protestant Christianity share this ideology, but some don’t, though in the U.S. most have it to some degree.)
Now, at first glance, there doesn't seem much to connect a small, heterodox strain of Christianity with the modern, largely secular U.S.'s workaholic tendencies. But the connection is there.
 
Calvinism  prosperity  work  wealth  Christian 
august 2015 by Quercki
How Men’s Emotions Are Preventing Gender Equality at Work - Pacific Standard
The most upsetting thing about these findings, perhaps, is the number of men who will see them as a personal attack rather than a professional opportunity. “What makes it difficult is that the men who are most in denial about sexism are sometimes the least likely to admit that they feel threatened by women in the workplace," Sheppard says, referring to the study participants she worked with. I’m inclined to agree about the many men who need this message most. Every time I write about sexism, my inbox and Twitter mentions fill with men defending themselves against a phantom assault on their characters that I never made. The comments sections on articles that gently ask men to acknowledge their own complicity in workplace inequality brim with men’s defensive and highly emotional commentary: They personally have never witnessed such a thing, and therefore, it must be a lady’s flight of fancy, empirical data be damned. Men must come to terms with the fact that they feel professionally threatened by women not just so workplaces are less hostile to women, but because it seems like an awful lot of work to feel endangered all the time.
men  emotions  sexism  work 
august 2015 by Quercki
ECHIDNE OF THE SNAKES: Minor Goddess Thoughts: Post 2. On Sex Work and Gender
Second, being a sex worker does differ from many other jobs, whether poorly paid or not.  For one thing, it's vastly more dangerous.  This could be mostly because prostitution is usually an illegal occupation,  but it could also be the case that some fraction of the clientele of sex workers are, in fact, "buying" the "right" to act out violent feelings.

Third, and here we move into even deeper layers:  When someone is angry at another person on a political site or elsewhere on the net, that person doesn't call the focus of his (or her) anger "a nursing home aide" or "a coffee bar server" but "a whore".  Indeed, the occupation of sex work is the most stigmatized occupation of any I can think of, and those who use terms such as "whore" as slurs are quite likely to be men (though women use those slurs, too).

I don't think we can simply argue that prostitution is no different from many other poorly-paid female-dominated occupations, given the tremendous load of negative feelings which are attached to it. 
prostitution  sex  work  misogyny 
april 2014 by Quercki
Hackers Leak Walmart’s Guide on How to Silence Workers • Making Change at Walmart
Hackers Leak Walmart’s Guide on How to Silence Workers

Yesterday, Occupy Wall Street published a number of Walmart’s internal training materials on how to discourage workers from coming together for action. The documents, demanding loyalty and that all signs of worker dissatisfaction be reported immediately, “would sound right at home in a training manual for prison guards, or as text from Brave New World,” in the words of Gawker’s Hamilton Nolan.

The eerily Big Brother-esque documents have drawn comparisons to the TSA and Homeland security. As MSNBC wrote:

“If you see something, say something” is no longer just a motto for the Department of Homeland Security. It’s also how Walmart plans to snuff out labor organizing drives before they happen, according to internal company documents leaked on Tuesday.
The leaked documents not only reveal Walmart’s internal attitude and fear of its workers speaking out, but come at a particularly interesting moment, as the company has found itself at the center of multiple legal battles over its workers’ rights abuses.
Wal-Mart  Occupy_Wall_Street  anonymous  work  rights  corporations 
march 2014 by Quercki
Passengers on doomed 1948 flight, their names now emerge from shadows - latimes.com
He could hear the Woody Guthrie song "Plane Wreck at Los Gatos" playing in his head:
The sky plane caught fire over Los Gatos Canyon,

A fireball of lightning, and shook all our hills,

Who are all those friends, all scattered like dry leaves?

Miguel Negrete Álvarez. Tomás Aviña de Gracia. Francisco Llamas Durán. Santiago García Elizondo. Rosalio Padilla Estrada. Tomás Padilla Márquez. Bernabé López Garcia. Salvador Sandoval Hernández. Severo Medina Lára. Elías Trujillo Macias. José Rodriguez Macias. Luis López Medina. Manuel Calderón Merino. Luis Cuevas Miranda. Martin Razo Navarro. Ignacio Pérez Navarro. Román Ochoa Ochoa. Ramón Paredes Gonzalez. Guadalupe Ramírez Lára. Apolonio Ramírez Placencia. Alberto Carlos Raygoza. Guadalupe Hernández Rodríguez. Maria Santana Rodríguez. Juan Valenzuela Ruiz. Wenceslao Flores Ruiz. José Valdívia Sánchez. Jesús Meza Santos. Baldomero Marcas Torres.
history  Mexican  deportees  immigration  work  song  Woody_Guthrie 
july 2013 by Quercki
worksongs.org | productive fun.
This site holds a collection of songs people have used, are using, or could use to aid labor.  It’s maintained by me, Bennett Konesni, a farmer-musician from Maine.

It’s a kind of digital songbook.  You can use it to learn songs for use out in your fields, for academic research, or maybe just because you want to listen.

This site is a work in progress.  My long term goal is to have recordings, lyrics, history, usage tips and comments on each song.  But we’re not quite there yet, so please, no beef on the fact that I haven’t got all of the details about who sang what when up there yet… it’s coming!

Check out my favorites.
Or, jump right to the master list of songs.

Here’s a little bit about me and why I’m doing this.  Here is a list of fellow worksongers.
If you’re trying to learn but having trouble, start with this, which is a pep-talk of sorts…

Anyway, have fun with it!
-Bennett
music  singing  work  songs 
may 2013 by Quercki
Let It Bleed: Libertarianism and the Workplace — Crooked Timber
we have to understand how little freedom workers enjoy at work. Unfreedom in the workplace can be broken down into three categories.

1. Abridgments of freedom inside the workplace
On pain of being fired, workers in most parts of the United States can be commanded to pee or forbidden to pee. They can be watched on camera by their boss while they pee. They can be forbidden to wear what they want, say what they want (and at what decibel), and associate with whom they want. They can be punished for doing or not doing any of these things—punished legally or illegally (as many as 1 in 17 workers who try to join a union is illegally fired or suspended). But what’s remarkable is just how many of these punishments are legal, and even when they’re illegal, how toothless the law can be. Outside the usual protections (against race and gender discrimination, for example), employees can be fired for good reasons, bad reasons, or no reason at all. They can be fired for donating a kidney to their boss (fired by the same boss, that is), refusing to have their person and effects searched, calling the boss a “cheapskate” in a personal letter, and more. They have few rights on the job—certainly none of the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Amendment liberties that constitute the bare minimum of a free society; thus, no free speech or assembly, no due process, no right to a fair hearing before a panel of their peers—and what rights they do have employers will fight tooth and nail to make sure aren’t made known to them or will simply require them to waive as a condition of employment. Outside the prison or the military—which actually provide, at least on paper, some guarantee of due process—it’s difficult to conceive of a less free institution for adults than the average workplace.

2. Abridgements of freedom outside the workplace
In addition to abridging freedoms on the job, employers abridge their employees’ freedoms off the job. Employers invade employees’ privacy, demanding that they hand over passwords to their Facebook accounts, and fire them for resisting such invasions. Employers secretly film their employees at home. Workers are fired for supporting the wrong political candidates (“work for John Kerry or work for me”), failing to donate to employer-approved candidates, challenging government officials, writing critiques of religion on their personal blogs (IBM instructs employees to “show proper consideration…for topics that may be considered objectionable or inflammatory—such as politics and religion”), carrying on extramarital affairs, participating in group sex at home, cross-dressing, and more. Workers are punished for smoking or drinking in the privacy of their own homes. (How many nanny states have tried that?) They can be fired for merely thinking about having an abortion, for reporting information that might have averted the Challenger disaster, for being raped by an estranged husband. Again, this is all legal in many states, and in the states where it is illegal, the laws are often weak.

3. Use of sanctions inside the workplace as a supplement to—or substitute for—political repression by the state
While employers often abridge workers’ liberty off the job, at certain moments, those abridgments assume a larger function for the state. Particularly in a liberal state constrained by constitutional protections such as the First Amendment, the instruments of coercion can be outsourced to—or shared with—the private sector. During the McCarthy period, for example, fewer than 200 men and women went to jail for their political beliefs, but as many as 40% of American workers—in both the public and private sectors—were investigated (and a smaller percentage punished) for their beliefs.

In his magisterial history of Reconstruction, W.E.B. DuBois noted that “the decisive influence” in suppressing the political agency of ex-slaves after the Civil War “was the systematic and overwhelming economic pressure” to which they were subjected. Though mindful of the tremendous violence, public and private, visited upon African Americans, DuBois also saw that much of the repression occurred in and through the workplace.
work  coersion  freedom  politics  libertarian  employment 
july 2012 by Quercki
Women, anger and status: taking the long view « The Delphiad Blog
Although the study confirmed what I’d witnessed but was never able to analyze or even identify correctly, the question remained: why? The obvious answer is that women are socialized to be nice. When we fail to conform to this paradigm, we are punished. However, every piece of advice we hear tells us the reason women are not getting ahead and breaking down the glass ceiling into complete smithereens is that we are too nice and have to assert ourselves. What Bescoll’s study reveals is that men and women have a vastly different degree of latitude in asserting themselves. Men may display anger. Women may not. Consequently, women are much more restricted in how they may raise their status and obtain what is rightfully theirs.
anger  sexism  work  business 
september 2010 by Quercki
Blacks, Latinos and women lose ground at Silicon Valley tech companies - Inside Bay Area
The unique diversity of Silicon Valley is not reflected in the region's tech workplaces — and the disparity is only growing worse.
Hispanics and blacks made up a smaller share of the valley's computer workers in 2008 than they did in 2000, a Mercury News review of federal data shows, even as their share grew across the nation. Women in computer-related occupations saw declines around the country, but they are an even smaller proportion of the workforce here.
The trend is striking in a region where Hispanics are nearly one-quarter of the working age population — five times their percentage of the computer workforce — and when dual-career couples and female MBAs are increasingly the norm.
It is also evident in the workforces of the region's major companies. An analysis by the Mercury News of the combined workforce of 10 of the valley's largest companies — including Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Cisco Systems, eBay, and AMD — shows that while the collective workforce of those 10 companies
diversity  women  work  bayarea  data 
april 2010 by Quercki

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