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Scub4 : society   22

How to Generate Infinite Fake Humans - The Atlantic
You encounter so many people every day, online and off-, that it is almost impossible to be alone. Now, thanks to computers, those people might not even be real. Pay a visit to the website This Person Does Not Exist: Every refresh of the page produces a new photograph of a human being—men, women, and children of every age and ethnic background, one after the other, on and on forever. But these aren’t photographs, it turns out, though they increasingly look like them. They are images created by a generative adversarial network, a type of machine-learning system that fashions new examples modeled after a set of specimens on which the system is trained. Piles of pictures of people in, images of humans who do not exist out.
tech  society  ai 
5 weeks ago by Scub4
How Destructive is Innovation?
Entrants and incumbents can create new products and displace the products of competitors. Incumbents can also improve their existing products. How much of aggregate
productivity growth occurs through each of these channels? Using data from the U.S.
Longitudinal Business Database on all nonfarm private businesses from 1983 to 2013,
we arrive at three main conclusions: First, most growth appears to come from incumbents. We infer this from the modest employment share of entering firms (defined as
those less than 5 years old). Second, most growth seems to occur through improvements
of existing varieties rather than creation of brand new varieties. Third, own-product improvements by incumbents appear to be more important than creative destruction. We
infer this because the distribution of job creation and destruction has thinner tails than
implied by a model with a dominant role for creative destruction.

Anmerkung: Könnte auch "Iteration statt Disruption" heißen
Innovation  philosophy  Business  society  Science 
6 weeks ago by Scub4
The messy, secretive reality behind OpenAI’s bid to save the world - MIT Technology Review
Every year, OpenAI’s employees vote on when they believe artificial general intelligence, or AGI, will finally arrive. It’s mostly seen as a fun way to bond, and their estimates differ widely. But in a field that still debates whether human-like autonomous systems are even possible, half the lab bets it is likely to happen within 15 years.

In the four short years of its existence, OpenAI has become one of the leading AI research labs in the world. It has made a name for itself producing consistently headline-grabbing research, alongside other AI heavyweights like Alphabet’s DeepMind. It is also a darling in Silicon Valley, counting Elon Musk and legendary investor Sam Altman among its founders.

Above all, it is lionized for its mission. Its goal is to be the first to create AGI—a machine with the learning and reasoning powers of a human mind. The purpose is not world domination; rather, the lab wants to ensure that the technology is developed safely and its benefits distributed evenly to the world.
ai  tech  society  PossibleSpeaker 
6 weeks ago by Scub4
"Diese Körper sind von Angst erfüllt" | L.I.S.A. WISSENSCHAFTSPORTAL GERDA HENKEL STIFTUNG
Ein Grundfehler der liberalen „bürgerlichen“ Presse war (und ist) es meiner Meinung nach, den Vorwurf der „Lügenpresse“ nicht wirklich ernst zu nehmen, ihn nicht ernsthaft zu bedenken. Statt zu sagen – was der Wahrheit entspräche – wir sind parteiisch; wir vertreten bestimmte Interessen; und wir können das begründen: zum Beispiel das Interesse an der sogenannten Marktwirtschaft in hochtechnifizierten demokratischen Gesellschaften. Wir können begründen, warum dazu das Interesse an bestimmten Formen der politischen Auseinandersetzung gehört: im Bundestag, in den Landtagen, in den Kommunen, in Kindergärten, Schulen, in Betrieben und Vereinen. Wir können begründen, warum dazu die Akzeptanz des Gewaltmonopols des Staats gehört; die Akzeptanz der sogenannten „Gewaltenteilung“, Unabhängigkeit der Justiz. Aber auch das Recht auf Bürgerinitiativen, auf zivilen Widerstand etc. - aber nicht das Recht auf lokale „Bürgerwehren“, zumal bewaffnete, um nur dies eine Beispiel zu nennen.

Zuzugeben wäre also: „Wir sind eine interessenzentrierte bürgerliche Presse mit ganz bestimmten Werten; und sind damit in den Augen derer, die diese Werte ablehnen und bekämpfen ganz selbstverständlich Lügenpresse. Danke für das Kompliment“! – so etwa hätte eine angemessene Antwort zu lauten; und nicht: die offen Kriminellen von AfD und ähnlich einzuladen in sogenannte Talkshows, um ihnen dort zu beweisen, dass man doch nicht Lügenpresse sei, sondern objektiver Journalismus; diese Zentrallüge der „bürgerlichen Presse“ also weiter und nochmals zu verbreiten. Man hätte sich zu bekennen zur eigenen Parteilichkeit. Nämlich: „Ja, wir sind so; und wir sind gegen euch. Und wir sagen das laut, auch ohne euch dabei haben zu müssen im Diskutierstuhl“. Weil: „Ihr seid erklärte Feinde jenes demokratischen Systems, dessen Formate wir hier diskutativ repräsentieren. Und da gehört ihr nicht rein“.
politics  society  metoo  journalism  trust 
6 weeks ago by Scub4
This Website Was Free — Real Life
A viral clip might be watched and rewatched millions of times the week it was uploaded, but the idea that those six seconds would be repeatedly revisited years later seems incongruent with the sense of novelty all of these companies rely on to keep their users tapping “refresh.”

(By the same token, if TikTok is understood to be a more algorithmically sophisticated replacement for Vine, the lightning speed with which memes appear and vanish there illustrates the acceleration of the meme-o-sphere, a phenomenon which has been widely observed since the late 2000s.)

Through examining Vine, we can practice looking past the hectic rush of the timeline toward a real reckoning with the dominant place social media has in our lives. How different do these services appear to us if we pretend that they — like Vine today — are already dead, replaced, and committed to memory?

TikTok, clearly, is for the popular kids, while Byte positions itself as a refuge of the burnouts and freaks.
tiktok  vine  socialmedia  digital  society 
6 weeks ago by Scub4
Who Are the Women of the Manosphere?
Groups like incels, men’s rights and MGTOW appear to be dominated by white men. But there’s a surprising number of women among them — people whose lives and beliefs we know very little about. This is our weeklong investigation into their world
society  metoo 
7 weeks ago by Scub4
We gave teenagers smartphones. Did we rob them of an inner life? | Smartphones | The Guardian
There are many reasons to fret about our relationship to technology, not least of which is the way smartphones, and their slot machine-like apps, have hooked us so thoroughly. Thanks to these miniature overlords many of us now boast the attention span (and manners) of a toddler, and, like prisoners on parole, are physically incapable of moving about without our electronic monitoring devices on us at all times.

Anmerkung: Kulturpessimismus für 200, bitte. Außerdem: Genau, Social Media macht Jugendliche depressiv, nicht Wirtschaftskrise, fehlende Zukunftsaussichten, Klimakrise...
tech  society  socialmedia  WithAPintOfSalt 
7 weeks ago by Scub4
„Wir leiden schlicht unter Überlastung“: Ein Gespräch mit dem Medienanalysten Thomas Baekdal über den Zustand des Internets - Magazin - 1E9
Das Internet ist gerade 50 Jahre alt geworden und hat insbesondere die Medienbranche komplett aus den Angeln gehoben. Wir sprechen mit dem Medien- und Datenanalysten Thomas Baekdal über den Zustand und die Zukunft des Netzes, über Dopaminüberschuss, die Atomisierung der Medien und über Hoffnungen auf eine bessere Welt in Zeiten des Brexit.
digital  society  journalism  strategy 
7 weeks ago by Scub4
Can Louis C.K. Spin His Troubles Into Art? | The New Yorker
ouring for the first time since his sexual-misconduct scandal, the comedian gestured at his actions without really acknowledging what he’d done.
society  culture  metoo  newyorker 
7 weeks ago by Scub4
Automatische Gesichtserkennung - So einfach ist es, eine Überwachungsmaschine zu bauen - News - SRF
Künstliche Intelligenz macht aus Gesichtern einzigartige Fingerabdrücke. Kombiniert man das mit den Milliarden von Fotos in den sozialen Medien, entsteht eine mächtige biometrische Datenbank – und damit eine effektive Überwachungsmaschine.
journalism  tech  society  privacy 
7 weeks ago by Scub4
Does playing video games improve laparoscopic skills? - ScienceDirect
A best evidence topic in surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether playing video games improves surgical performance in laparoscopic procedures. Altogether 142 papers were found using the reported search, of which seven represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The details of the papers were tabulated including relevant outcomes and study weaknesses.

We conclude that medical students and experienced laparoscopic surgeons with ongoing video game experience have superior laparoscopic skills for simulated tasks in terms of time to completion, improved efficiency and fewer errors when compared to non-gaming counterparts. There is some evidence that this may be due to better psycho-motor skills in gamers, however further research would be useful to demonstrate whether there is a direct transfer of skills from laparoscopic simulators to the operating table.
tech  gaming  society 
7 weeks ago by Scub4
Twitter Thread about Filterbubbles Tomas Baekdal
One 'filter bubble' or 'echo chamber' that we do know exists is the news media industry itself. What I mean is that, if people only read the news, even from multiple newspapers, they still end up largely misinformed about the world.
filterbubble  journalism  society 
9 weeks ago by Scub4
The truth behind filter bubbles: Bursting some myths | Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
A filter bubble is a state of intellectual or ideological isolation that may result from algorithms feeding us information we agree with, based on our past behaviour and search history. It's a pretty popular term that was coined by Internet activist Eli Pariser, who wrote about a book about it. However, as our Senior Research Fellow Richard Fletcher said in one of our recent seminars, academic research on the subject tells a different story about filter bubbles. Here's an edited transcript of that talk.
filterbubble  journalism  tech  society 
9 weeks ago by Scub4
Building for the Culture
More and more companies are choosing deploy resources toward managing the public perception of the company. This is true of companies at all scales, from the tiniest to the biggest (think of Dropbox’s cool-looking but pointless 2017 redesign).

It’s not only from the outside. In my work with startups, I’ve observed how some of these things manifest out of internal culture and organizational structure.
society  startups  culture 
9 weeks ago by Scub4
The psychology of Silicon Valley - Exponential View
I’m here with a special Sunday essay for this week’s Exponential View. Katy Cook, a long-time reader, recently published a book, The Psychology of Silicon Valley. As I am busy kicking off the new podcast series, I asked her to step in this week. In her work, she has explored the psychological underpinnings of the culture of Silicon Valley and how it is reflected in the products and companies of today.
psychology  society  tech  siliconvalley 
9 weeks ago by Scub4
Google's latest search results change further blurs what's an ad - Digiday
Users of Google search on desktops may have noticed a slight change over the last week and that change is affecting what they perceive as an ad. This represents a further blurring of the lines between ads and organic sources in search.
tech  society  ads  google  monetarization 
9 weeks ago by Scub4
Google’s ads just look like search results now - The Verge
Last week, Google began rolling out a new look for its search results on desktop, which blurs the line between organic search results and the ads that sit above them. In what appears to be something of a purposeful dark pattern, the only thing differentiating ads and search results is a small black-and-white “Ad” icon next to the former. It’s been formatted to resemble the new favicons that now appear next to the search results you care about. Early data collected by Digiday suggests that the changes may already be causing people to click on more ads.
tech  ads  google  society  monetarization 
9 weeks ago by Scub4
Warum sich Tech-Journalismus von dystopischen Ängsten lösen muss – oder weshalb »Clearview AI« zum neuen »Cambridge Analytica« wird – Schule Social Media
In einem großen Artikel verkündet die New York Times nichts weniger als das Ende der Privatsphäre. Gemeint sind Gesichtserkennungsverfahren, die in den USA zunehmend von Behörden eingesetzt werde. Clearview AI bietet eine Dienstleistung an, welche Bilder aus dem Internet in entsprechende Datenbanken einspeist. Die resultierende Angst: Weil es von uns allen Bilder im Netz gibt, werden wir nie mehr unerkannt sein. Im Artikel werden Google-Glass-ähnliche Brillen beschrieben, welche es erlauben würden, auch im öffentlichen oder privaten Raum alle Menschen über die Datenbank identifizieren lassen.
tech  society  journalism  dystopia 
10 weeks ago by Scub4
[Kolumne] Blickpolitik: Flaneur rempelt Phoneur - 54books
Das Gerede von Smombies, die in ihr Smartphone starrend die Sinnlichkeit des öffentlichen Raums verpassen, ist eine reaktionäre Argumentationsfigur, die auch dem Zorn darüber zu verdanken ist, dass sich viele Menschen nicht mehr den etablierten Blickregimes unterwerfen, den Blick zurück verweigern und sich stattdessen teilweise in den virtuellen Raum zurückziehen.
tech  society  instagram  Influencer  socialmedia 
10 weeks ago by Scub4
Ausblick 2020 – tante – Otherwise Network
Die Analyse von soziotechnischen Systemen und Phänomenen ist meistens – wenn nicht immer – weit weniger technisch als landläufig gedacht. Ob es um “KI” geht oder um “Überwachung”, die Analyse der technischen Spielereien ist oft kaum ergiebig im Vergleich zur Analyse der Narrative, d.h. der Art und Weise, wie unterschiedliche Personen und Gruppen über das Thema sprechen. 
2020  forecast  tech  society  ai 
11 weeks ago by Scub4
The consolations of rail travel
Travelling Europe by train is not just more responsible than flying, it offers a different philosophy of travel.
society  mobility  train 
11 weeks ago by Scub4

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