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Migrations : en parler autrement ?
A l'heure où Emmanuel Macron s'apprête à dévoiler son plan contre la radicalisation et parle de "séparatisme islamiste" à Mulhouse, François Héran, titulaire de la chaire Migrations et société au Collège de France, nous rappelle la différence entre communautarisme et séparatisme. Le communautarisme est un "indicateur très flou" qui se penche notamment sur les mariages au sein d'une communauté ou l'accueil de migrants par leur diaspora : elle semble, de fait, exister partout comme un phénomène ordinaire. 

Le séparatisme, en revanche, comme le souligne l'essai récent de Bernard Rougier, Les Territoires conquis de l'islamisme, correspond à "une situation où des groupes cherchent à subvertir les institutions pour développer une identité propre". Pour M. Héran, le problème vient notamment du fait que certains individus se retrouvent tellement vulnérabilisés par l'expérience de l'immigration qu'ils représentent des proies faciles pour des réseaux très organisés.   
immigration  polemic  debate  interview  expert  opinion  france  français 
2 hours ago
肺炎疫情:种族歧视开始蔓延全球 - BBC News 中文
翁郁婷则评价德国是有成熟的转型正义教育,面对二战的错误,但歧视还是很难根除。她说,不同种族之间,对事物一定存在不同的认知或价值观,当这些差异不被理解,歧视就不会消失。“某些人在高度政治正确的环境下找不到宣泄的出口,而新冠病毒在此时便成了种族歧视合理化的最佳借口。”她补充。
temoignage  racism  epidemic  virus  2020  germany 
8 hours ago
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So the main theory is that "escaped" from the Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory. A secondary t…
SARSCoV2  COVID19 
yesterday
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How to Make a Kurzgesagt Video in 1200 Hours https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uFk0mgljtns
video 
2 days ago
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The Best of Journalism: Handpicked feature writing and other items of note.
2 days ago
脱口而出“山川异域,风月同天”的日本到底是怎样一个国家
有句话说,唐宋在日,大明在韩,清在港澳,民国在台湾。现在看来,多少有些道理。
classic  chinese  japan  tang  poem  literature  exchange  opinion  comparison  education 
5 days ago
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1. There's a lot of buzz on the astronomical jump in cases from Hubei on Wednesday -- 14,840 new confirmed cases, a…
explained  epidemic  wuhan 
5 days ago
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在微博上看到一段視頻,記錄了一次病人轉運的過程,如同紀錄片,逃跑的科長,被夾在中間兩難的司機,寒夜裡留在醫院門口不知該怎麼辦的病人,失序社會的倉促一撇
視頻全長6:45秒,正想copy地址到瀏覽器下載時發現已經被刪除了,好在客戶端…
wuhan  reportage  panic  night  hospital  organisation  bus 
7 days ago
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四个土豆,蒸熟过筛挤泥。

洋葱切碎末,少许油煸香,一点生抽一点老抽,挤黑胡椒碎,一点点蚝油,一点点水调汁,盐糖稍许,加入土豆泥搅拌均匀。
装进肯德基的小容器,6块5一个,卖给丫头。
recette  kfc  potato 
7 days ago
La grande famille des agrumes

Avec leur fleur à l’odeur entêtante, leur fruits colorés gorgés de jus au gout variés mêlant subtilement sucres et acidité, les agrumes ont des charmes auxquels il est difficile de résister. Où et quand sont apparus les premiers agrumes sur Terre ? Comment ont-ils évolué pour arriver à l’immense diversité actuelle ?
orange  fruit  origin  botany  corse  food  recipe  podcast 
8 days ago
怎样跟孩子谈李文亮
李文亮医生了不起,是因为他虽然被警方训了话,也感到过害怕,但他越想越觉得自己做得对,也想明白自己哪里做得对,还把自己想明白的道理告诉大家,最后又付出了自己的生命。到目前为止,他是惟一做到这些的人。
self  state  morality  conscience  death  2020  epidemic  wuhan  dongbei  kid 
8 days ago
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Having difficulties understanding Hubei dialects? Don’t worry. Shandong medical care team sent to support Hubei has…
dialect  explained  chinese  hubei  fun 
8 days ago
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The Best of Journalism: Handpicked feature writing and other items of note.
9 days ago
Opinion | ‘Should We Leave?’ Life in China Under Coronavirus Lockdown - The New York Times
I know it’s not entirely logical for me to be so keen to stay. Our family and friends are all worried about us, urging us to return to the United States while we still can, to put an ocean between us and this sprawling epidemic. But I keep thinking, are we entitled cowards for even considering fleeing while people in Hubei Province (Wuhan is its capital) are dealing with overcrowded hospitals, supply shortages, evictions and abuse; while medical professionals are on the front line risking their lives? Is a few weeks of confinement in the comfort of our home really a good reason to run away?
shanghai  american  epidemic  home  quarantine  expat 
10 days ago
No One Can Explain Why Planes Stay in the Air - Scientific American

Mark Drela, a professor of fluid dynamics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and author of Flight Vehicle Aerodynamics, offers an answer: “If the parcels momentarily flew off tangent to the airfoil top surface, there would literally be a vacuum created below them,” he explains. “This vacuum would then suck down the parcels until they mostly fill in the vacuum, i.e., until they move tangent to the airfoil again. This is the physical mechanism which forces the parcels to move along the airfoil shape. A slight partial vacuum remains to maintain the parcels in a curved path.”

“The reduced pressure over a lifting wing also ‘pulls horizontally’ on air parcels as they approach from upstream, so they have a higher speed by the time they arrive above the wing,” Drela says. “So the increased speed above the lifting wing can be viewed as a side effect of the reduced pressure there.”
review  theory  plane  flight  mecaflu 
11 days ago
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I'm all for a diversity of takes on China...but did we really need this headline? Isn't it just giving nationalists…
12 days ago
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RT : Na Na, médecin épidémiologiste : "Dans l'un des hôpitaux qui accueillent beaucoup de cas de nouveau , i…
coronavirus  interview  chinese  doctor  france  français  wuhan 
12 days ago
For one Chinese family in New York, it was simply time to go home, virus or not - Reuters

His mother and father, both in their 70s, came to visit him in New York about five months ago, their first trip there in 20 years. In the interim, a new coronavirus has emerged in China and become a fast-spreading global health crisis, prompting foreign governments to fly their citizens out of the country.

Niu was among those who were traveling against the tide along with his parents, who missed their home after months away.

“Now it’s time to go back,” said Niu, 44, who moved to the United States more than 20 years ago and lives in Manhattan, where he works in finance.
hefei  coronavirus  epidemic 
14 days ago
February 4th 2020: The Economist this week

Our cover this week looks at how Narendra Modi and the BJP are sowing division in India. Last month they changed the law to make it easier for adherents of all the subcontinent’s religions, except Islam, to acquire citizenship. At the same time, they want to compile a register of all India’s 1.3bn citizens. Those sound like technicalities, but many of the country’s 200m Muslims do not have the papers to prove they are Indian, so they risk being made stateless. Ominously, the government has ordered the building of camps to detain those caught in the net. The scheme looks like the most ambitious step yet in a decades-long project of incitement against Muslims. That is electoral nectar for the BJP, but political poison for India. By undermining the secular principles of the constitution, Mr Modi’s latest initiatives threaten to do damage to democracy. They also risk spilling innocent blood.
india  2020  state  religion  muslim  population  administration 
14 days ago
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辣椒豆豉拆骨肉|拆骨肉这是又香又好吃,加上鲜辣的豆豉和线椒真是无敌的下饭(然而今天没煮饭)。有个要好同学原来最喜欢吃这菜,后来做官到了湖北,此时此刻估计还在值班,这会儿或许很孤独害怕也无助但从不敢和同学们乱说,我们也没啥好安慰的词…
recette  porc 
15 days ago
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by @ 二更 & @ 祝家老司机
video  wuhan  feelgood  city  drone 
15 days ago
Recommended Reading
The Best of Journalism: Handpicked feature writing and other items of note.
16 days ago
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微博转存:央视记者探访武汉红十字会,在仓库物资分发处受到保安阻拦。交涉过程中直播被切断
17 days ago
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Three projected scenarios (of new confirmed cases per day) for . Where are we? The three scenarios/curves sug…
Wuhan  2020 
17 days ago
【文韬政论】武汉肺炎会成为中国分裂自爆的导火线?

最重要的是一个那么大的中央集权体制,在结构上就很难做到有效防疫,先假设官员没有隐瞒疫情,单单经过层层通报开会再做决策,往往错过防疫黄金期。如果这次中国人民意识到「靠国家准没事」只是假象,那么可以考虑争取各省市更大的自主性甚至独立,独立国家之间随时可以限制别国人民入境。更重要的,按照中共的惯例,由中央指派的各省省长大多都不是本省人,那这些外省人又怎么会真正关心他人的家乡呢?他们的晋升之路或许只需在权斗中站对边,就可以取得一个省长资历尔后平步青云。
18 days ago
Coronavirus Exposes Core Flaws, and Few Strengths, in China’s Governance - The New York Times

Its rigidly hierarchical bureaucracy discourages local officials from raising bad news with central bosses whose help they might need. And it silos those officials off from one another, making it harder to see, much less manage, the full scope of spiraling crises.

“That’s why you never really hear about problems emerging on a local scale in China,” said John Yasuda, who studies China’s approach to health crises at Indiana University. “By the time that we hear about it, and that the problem reaches the central government, it’s because it’s become a huge problem.”

The two ends of the system are engaged in a constant push-pull dynamic, putting them occasionally at odds — particularly in moments of crisis, when each is looking to blame the other.

“Once a clear problem has emerged, it’s very good at diverting resources,” Mr. Yasuda said of China’s political system. “But it’s not good at dealing with emerging problems. So it’s built to be reactive instead of proactive.”

In the mid-2000s, Beijing demanded a drastic increase in milk production. When factory farms were unable to meet their targets, officials conscripted vast numbers of rural farmers.

Democracies seek to do this through “the competition of interests,” Ms. Shue said, on the belief that inviting everyone to participate will naturally pull the system toward the common good. This system, like any, has flaws, for example by handing more power to those with more money.

Within China, Ms. Shue added, the common good “is seen as something that should be designed from above, like a watch being engineered to run perfectly.”
administration  ccp  china  region  beijing  conflict  crisis 
18 days ago
The Law and Wuhan Coronavirus | JSTOR Daily

The Wuhan coronavirus is a zoonotic disease, which means it originated in animals and spilled over to humans. Three quarters of infectious diseases are zoonotic spillovers. These include AIDS, Ebola, and SARS. The 1918 influenza pandemic, which infected half a billion people worldwide and killed 50 million of them, was avian in origin.

Non-zoonotic diseases, like polio, can be eradicated entirely by population-wide vaccination. But zoonoses can persist in animal populations, called reservoirs in this context, even if the human population is vaccinated. Currently, there is no vaccine for the Wuhan coronavirus, which is officially known as 2019-nCoV.
explained  epidemic  virus  animal  protection  Tourism  health 
18 days ago
历史上从未有过的对决:超级疫情Vs. 举国之力
战情预判:可能有哪些结局?

今日战报看似平静,实则是惊天动地。在短暂的时间内,病毒迅速向全球扩散,除了非洲之外,已经扩散到全球各大洲,大有当初SARS蔓延全球之势。中国目前最高长官亲自督战,迅速凝聚社会所有力量,打一场前所未有的战略决战。

疾病结局有三:

成功:2周内新病例数出现下降,2个月控制武汉疫情,再2个月扫清外围,各大省市基本无散发病例,世卫组织结束对中国的高风险评估;

失败:中国进入2009年的墨西哥流感模式,病毒席卷全球;

胶着:中国每个医院都成为传染病医院,将疾病纳入日常管理,直至社会建立一定的免疫力,疫情逐渐自然消退。

病毒结局有二:

病毒最终将退回到自然界,回归山林深洞

毒力逐渐降低并成为人群中发现的4种冠状病毒(HCoV- NL63,HCoV-229E, HCoV- OC43和HKU1)外的第五种冠状病毒,成为每个冬春季的常客,从此在冬季感冒和病毒性肺炎的病原体种,除了腺病毒、人偏肺病毒、呼吸道合胞病毒、鼻病毒、冠状病毒等之外的2019新型冠状病毒。
19 days ago
上海医疗专家组组长、复旦大学附属华山医院感染科张文宏教授今天接受媒体采访
上海医疗专家组组长、复旦大学附属华山医院感染科张文宏教授今天接受媒体采访时透露,元宵节前能否控制疫情,是打赢这场战役的关键节点。针对近期病例数增加,专家明确,这不代表疫情的加重,而是反映了检测与防控的到位。

完整版:https://t.co/m8oj2wll1Y
expert  opinion  2020  prediction  video 
19 days ago
Drag crisis - Wikipedia
This transition is associated with a transition from laminar to turbulent boundary layer flow adjacent to the object in question. In the case of cylindrical structures this transition is associated with a transition from well organized vortex shedding to randomized shedding behavior for super-critical Reynolds numbers, eventually returning to well organized shedding at the post-critical Reynolds number with a return to elevated drag force coefficients.
mecaflu 
19 days ago
Twitter
RT : This makes me sad. really brings out the worst in people. Here’s the chain of discrimination: fellow C…
coronavirus  racism  discrimination  hongkong  china  hubei  world 
20 days ago
farine t55, farine t45 : faire la différence entre les farines et quel type de farine utiliser pour chaque pâtisserie ? – Conseils CAP Pâtisserie
Commençons par le taux de cendres qui est la caractéristique la plus connue. La farine est soumise à une cuisson à plus de 600°c. Les cendres qui restent correspondent au son, l’enveloppe du blé. Plus le T, taux de cendres, est élevé, plus la farine contient du son et plus il est faible, plus elle est pure.
farine  français  france 
21 days ago
香港大学病毒学家:最坏的情况要交个底说清楚
《知识分子》:国外发达国家的分诊体系确实不同,但我们中国老百姓似乎习惯了直接找专家,动不动挂急诊,尤其是恐慌的时候?

金冬雁:我们国内就医的心态和模式与海外相比很不一样,第一找熟人,第二找最好的医院,谁都找最好的医院就把最好的医院拖死了。这个是我们医疗制度深层的问题,那现在怎么办?现在我们也还是要病人分流、居家隔离,然后医护人员给他们支持,别大部分轻症的把重症的拖死了。

金冬雁:有两个概念,一个是病死率(case fatality),就是说确诊这个病的人数做分母,死的人数做分子。另外一个是死亡率,叫 mortality,分母是所有的易感人群总数,分子是易感人群中得病死亡人数。确诊41名,6人死亡,15%这是病死率,是高的。我们推测,这个研究的研究者没把轻症和无症的患者找出来。当然,要计算死亡率,其实要到最后都死完了,大部分人恢复了以后,那时候会算的比较准确。死亡率从现在来看,肯定没有SARS高。

大部分人还是会自己好的,仍是支持性治疗为主。

中国传染科是小科,大家都不想去,这是个深层次问题了。从SARS以后稍微重视一些,但基本上仍然比较弱势。大家都想去那些高大上的科,感染科在整个医院里面的地位较低。

当务之急,要处理好封城以内的人的情绪,正确引导他们对于这个疾病、对于病毒的认识,而且要把最坏的情况交个底儿说清楚了。其实,最坏也没到坏到什么程度,也不会比季节性流感更坏。季节性流感死的人更多,毒性、传播力更大,而且造成的损失也更大。
expert  epidemic  virus  research  today  chinese  hospital 
21 days ago
Twitter
For those who are concerning about the construction progress of Wuhan’s two temporary hospitals, you can actually w…
wuhan  live  hospital  construction 
22 days ago
武汉一医生疑群内发不实疫情信息被训诫,11天后感染被隔离_手机搜狐网
深一度:治疗需要自己花钱吗?

受感染医生:暂时还没有催费,政府说是会兜底治疗费用。但是我用了很多免疫球蛋白都是自己托人从外面买的,这个估计只能自费。免疫球蛋白现在600元左右一瓶,我每天打8瓶,已经打了11天了。免疫球蛋白现在也越来越不好买,价格估计还会上涨,之前买的还能用两天,到时候看还需不需要,再找人去买。
story  epidemic  doctor  medicament 
22 days ago
社会人科技评论 Episode 19: 野味肺炎:展开讲讲「野味」和背后的故事,顺带抽象一下
还有家里散养的猫,总是会带各种礼物回来。心领了,可以,但没必要。这些礼物绝大多数是鸟和老鼠,充满了寄生虫。我不理解怎么猫不懂事人也不懂事,还真有人把猫带回来的鸟给吃了的。有些战斗力更强的猫,会带来蝙蝠。说到蝙蝠,可以展开讲讲。

蝙蝠这物种战斗力特别强,哺乳类 1/5 是蝙蝠,数量仅次于鼠,分布范围仅次于人。

现在的理论上蝙蝠因为会飞,所以自我修复能力特别强。飞行让代谢率会升高,蝙蝠比其他哺乳动物有更高的 DNA 损伤修复,让蝙蝠有了和体型不相符的寿命。一般哺乳动物越大活动越长,但蝙蝠相反,虽然体型不大但寿命不短。蝙蝠也具有更强的固有免疫应答系统,携带病毒可以很少或者压根不发病。加上蝙蝠和人同是哺乳动物,种类多,活得长,自然而然是各类病毒的理想宿主。
animal  food  habit  critic 
22 days ago
Twitter
While Chinese Premier Li Keqiang delivering his speech in a Wuhan super market, this auntie in front can’t stop get…
22 days ago
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