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Hardliners Learn That Democracy Can Pay Off - Bloomberg
The big innovation in authoritarian governance has been this: subsequent autocratic leaders, most of all in China, have found ways of both liberalizing and staying in power.

A second development was when authoritarian leaders realized that absolute prohibitions on free speech were counterproductive, and they learned how to manage an intermediate solution.

These days, the Communist Party monitors public opinion closely, to learn what people are unhappy about (e.g., forced resettlements, pollution), so those problems can be ameliorated, or at least the government can position its failings appropriately.
opinion  autocracy  china  history  soviet  communism  democracy  howto 
2 days ago
Steven Pinker. Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress. New York: Viking, 2018. ISBN: 9780525427575 (hardcover, $35.00).
Reviewed by Nicolas Guilhot, CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and the
Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
book  enlightenment  critic 
3 days ago
What if the Government Gave Everyone a Paycheck? - The New York Times
A world inhabited only by robots, their billionaire owners and a large and increasingly restive population is the plotline for countless dystopian fantasies, but it’s a reality that appears to be drawing closer. If we continue on the path we’re on, we will need to make fundamental choices about how to support human livelihoods and ensure equal participation in our economy and society. Most basically, we will have to confront the realities of vastly unequal economic and political power. Even if we manage to enact a U.B.I., it will not be nearly enough.
poverty  ai  future  money  wealth  state 
3 days ago
Réussir son expatriation : conseils et témoignage
Il est aussi intéressant d’observer et d’avoir conscience des différences dans l’éducation en général et la formation d’ingénieur en particulier. Si les systèmes de certains pays d’Asie sont ultra sélectifs et reconnus dans les classements mondiaux, les performances des jeunes diplômés sont parfois décevantes (pour un manager européen).

Mes expériences passées avec de jeunes (élèves) ingénieurs français ont toujours été positives. Je retiens en particulier les capacités d’adaptation, de compréhension, d’autonomie, d’innovation, ainsi que la confiance en soi. Ce sont pour moi les principales qualités acquises lors de nos formations.
temoignage  ecl  expat 
3 days ago
梁文道:魯什迪這個名字(摩爾人的最後嘆息之八)
在他備受爭議的眾多觀點當中,最可怕的是他居然認定世界的永恆存在。換句話說,他認為早在神創造天地之前,那個將要被創造的天地,其實就已經以某種形式在那兒了。世界不可能從虛無之中被創造出來,物質和時間都是永恆的,真主幹的事情無非就是讓整個過程開始運轉,並且透過普遍的自然律則去管理這個世界。如果想要弄清楚上蒼的意圖,就該透過哲學和科學去掌握那些自然律。這種觀點,歐洲人本來不應該覺得陌生,因為他的靈感就來自於亞里士多德。但是比起早已忘記了亞里士多德的歐洲人,阿拉伯世界這幾百年間所產生的思想家才算是古希臘智慧的真正傳人。正是伊本.魯世德詳盡周密的註釋重新打開了西方天主教徒的眼界,受他影響甚深的阿奎那甚至尊稱他為「詮釋者」。他對力學和自然律的理解,也影響了後來歐洲科學的進展。他反對從字面意義理解可蘭經以及先知的聖訓,推崇理性的論辯,是巴黎索邦大學哲學家終於打破神學霸權的間接助力。
muslim  Philosophy  thinker  espagna 
7 days ago
Télécoms : Huawei à la conquête de l’Europe
Le géant de Shenzhen compte sur son implantation en France pour accélérer son développement. Par Marie-Pierre Gröndahl
9 days ago
Lifelong learners will appreciate this book about the history of everything

Understanding where humanity comes from is crucial to shaping where we go next. Origin Story is an up-to-date history of everything that will leave you with a greater appreciation of our place in the universe.
book  origin  human  bighistory 
11 days ago
Cotton textile production in medieval China unravelled patriarchy | Aeon Ideas
The rise of cotton in China brought about a ‘golden age’ for women’s incomes. In this respect, it resembled proto-industrialisation in Europe and early industrialisation in early America. The difference is that, in the earliest industrialisations in Europe and the US, the period when women derived decent incomes from producing textiles lasted for merely one or two generations. In China, it was different. Cotton-textile production in China catalysed a very high level of female earnings for almost 500 years. A combination of home-friendly production methods, inefficient labour markets, and a state taxation system all contributed to this long period of high earnings for women.
11 days ago
这是今年最犀利的演讲:国家命运与个人命运
我认为,马克思在一百多年前的一些关于资本主义发展的具体结论有些时空的局限性,但马克思主义的基本原理是正确的,那就是生产力决定生产关系、经济基础决定上层建筑。美国经济结构的变化决定社会结构变化,也一定决定着美国政治利益、国家核心利益的变化。

从这个意义上讲,即便特朗普两年或者六年后下台,美国也不会因为更换总统而在战略上改变对中国的基本立场。这是我的一个基本看法。

经济全球化时代国家间竞争的本质是什么?二十几年前我就提出是制度竞争,即看谁的制度安排更有利于经济增长和发展。因此,改革那些阻碍创新的制度安排,创建更加包容、可以自主经营、自主选择和自主流动的现代市场经济体系是至关重要的。

欧洲人出口的是古老的贵族文明积淀下来的审美,几乎所有的奢侈品都来自欧洲。审美是一种历史积淀,前提是一个国家历史、文化的连续性。

这个话题其实是很沉重的,在此我只想谈谈自己的体会。对个人而言,审美是一种品质和修养。一个审美能力低下的民族不仅素养、品格不高,道德水准也会有问题。

一个人做好自己每一个人生阶段中应该做好的事情,把自己喜欢做的事情尽可能地做到极致甚至像清教徒那样对待自己喜欢的职业并愿意为此努力一生,你就是一个具有使命感的人。所谓工匠精神,本质上与这种对职业的敬畏和使命感的理解与坚守密不可分。
talk  china  usa  economy  today  opinion  youth  self  patriotism  advice  2018  trump 
12 days ago
我们的这个邻国,比朝鲜还神秘的多(上)
说起蒙古国和内蒙古的区别,就要从蒙古帝国灭亡后分化为的三部分开始。在明末清初,蒙古分化为三部:漠北、漠南和漠西蒙古。这三部是以蒙古国和我国内蒙边界一带的戈壁沙漠做的空间划分。漠西蒙古后发展为准噶尔帝国,被清朝乾隆所灭,现在只留下新疆北部准噶尔盆地这个名词。而漠北蒙古主要为蒙古喀尔喀部,在清朝灭亡后独立,成为外蒙古。

漠南蒙古各部落——科尔沁、察哈尔等,则成为我国的内蒙古自治区。

乌兰巴托原名“库伦”,这座城市的历史并不长。1778年,乾隆降旨喀尔喀蒙古领袖在北京到恰克图商路上的驻地设立城防,取名库伦。建城后,库伦逐渐成为在漠北地区最大的城市和商业和宗教中心。1911年末,八世哲布尊丹巴(博格达汗)宣布外蒙古独立,并定都库伦。接着在1924年,蒙古人民党在苏联支持下,建立了苏联之后的第二个社会主义国家——蒙古人民共和国,并将“库伦”改名为“乌兰巴托”,意为“红色英雄城”。

对国内来的游客来说,漫步在乌兰巴托市区,强烈的陌生感会扑面而来。大街上没有一个汉字,我们印象中的蝌蚪状的蒙古文也几乎没有,映入眼帘的都是像俄语一样、西里尔字母拼写的蒙古文。与我们同行的一个内蒙的蒙古族朋友,也看得晕头转向。

近些年,越来越多的韩文出现在乌兰巴托街头。韩国借助和蒙古国语言同为阿尔泰语系的缘故,加强了与其经贸和文化往来。蒙古国的许多大巴,都是大宇提供的援助。而韩国游客也成群结队的出现在乌兰巴托街头。在乌兰巴托甚至出现了一个韩国街区,整条街都是各种韩国料理的馆子。而韩国范的打扮更是在女性之中风靡开来,经常能看到穿着俄式和西式皮草大衣的女人,画着韩式的精致妆容。

在西方,蒙古人被称为最不像亚洲人的亚洲人。粗犷的游牧文化,再加上近现代苏俄的熏陶,让他们神情举止、举手投足,都颇似西方人。他们外向、直率,完全没有东亚国家的内向和拘谨。长期的俄化和最近的西化,让路上的女士们,都是欧美范的打扮。她们着浓妆,穿着俄国的皮草、靴子和丝袜,甚至还有人在这么冷的天穿着低胸的上衣。游牧基因造就了她们的高挑的大骨架,如果不看脸,还以为她们和俄国大妞没有分别。

在蒙古国家博物馆里,你会看到蒙古帝国崛起的历程。和我们从学校里学到的历史观不太一样,这里的人把匈奴、鲜卑、柔然、突厥、契丹等各时代的草原民族,看作是不同时期他们的先辈。就像我们看汉、唐、宋、明这些朝代一样。
mongolia  city  buy  photo  mongol  museum  history  china  travel  book 
12 days ago
我们的这个邻国,比朝鲜还神秘的多(下)
正如《孤独星球》所言:如果美国的蒙大拿和瑞士生一个混血宝宝,那么就是蒙古国山区的模样。

在来蒙古之前,我们联系到这个旅行社,加入了最经典的草原旅行路线——鄂尔浑峡谷五天四夜路线,五个人组团,每人每天60美金。这个路线是从乌兰巴托出发,一路向西到达蒙元帝国的国都哈拉和林,然后再深入鄂尔浑峡谷,体验那里的自然景色。全程还给我们安排了几个游牧家庭的住宿,让我们感受最纯正的草原生活和游牧文化,并且提供骑马和骑骆驼等特色活动。

如今这里保存最好的古建筑,是在16世纪修建的额尔德尼昭寺。这是当时外喀尔喀土谢图汗阿巴岱汗,用故都的断垣残壁,建造的寺庙。作为如今蒙古国最大的藏传佛教庙宇,现在有数百名喇嘛在此修行。

点火时,要先点燃一些纸屑,然后引燃小块的松木,等火势旺起来后,再放入大块木头。一旦炉子点燃,屋里马上从冬天变为夏天,不盖着睡袋,只穿内衣躺着,也满头大汗。但是炉子即便填满木头,也只能燃烧两三个小时。到了后半夜炉火熄灭,大家又纷纷冻醒。我们只好重新引燃炉子,填入木块。我们只好不断重复点火,加木柴,穿衣,再脱衣的过程,就这样周而复始,折腾到天亮。
mongolia  travel  photo  documentary  list 
12 days ago
In Denmark, Harsh New Laws for Immigrant ‘Ghettos’ - The New York Times
Starting at the age of 1, “ghetto children” must be separated from their families for at least 25 hours a week, not including nap time, for mandatory instruction in “Danish values,” including the traditions of Christmas and Easter, and Danish language. Noncompliance could result in a stoppage of welfare payments. Other Danish citizens are free to choose whether to enroll children in preschool up to the age of six.

In his annual New Year’s speech, Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen warned that ghettos could “reach out their tentacles onto the streets” by spreading violence, and that because of ghettos, “cracks have appeared on the map of Denmark.” Politicians who once used the word “integration” now call frankly for “assimilation.”

People who know a little about history, our European not-so-nice period, we know what the word ‘ghetto’ is associated with.

Her client, Anni Larsen, told a story about being invited by a Turkish immigrant to their child’s wedding and being scandalized to discover that the guests were separated by gender and seated in different rooms. “I think there were only 10 people from Denmark,” she said, appalled. “If you ask me, I think they shouldn’t have invited us.”

Anette Jacobsen, 64, a retired pharmacist’s assistant, said she so treasured Denmark’s welfare system, which had provided her four children with free education and health care, that she felt a surge of gratitude every time she paid her taxes, more than 50 percent of her yearly income. As for immigrants using the system, she said, “There is always a cat door for someone to sneak in.”

Nearly 87 percent of Denmark’s 5.7 million people are of Danish descent, with immigrants and their descendants accounting for the rest. Two-thirds of the immigrants, around half a million, are from Muslim backgrounds, a group that swelled with the waves of Afghan, Iraqi and Syrian refugees crossing Europe.

“If you create new kinds of laws that apply to only one part of society, then you can keep adding to them,” she said. “It will turn into the parallel society they’re so afraid of. They will create it themselves.”
dane  denmark  numbers  immigration  immigrant  children  education  2018 
12 days ago
黄章晋: 在隔壁的中国,那些孩子已经长大了
2001年国务院颁布《国务院关于基础教育改革与发展的决定》,提出「农村地区学校布局调整」的改革计划,通俗的话讲,就是撤销村里的幼儿园、小学,将之合并到大的乡镇,有些地方,则是撤销乡镇教学点,集中到县城,这就是所谓的「撤点并校」。

我们同事邓飞采访时有个颠覆认知的意外发现,造成2万余学生伤亡的质量低劣校舍,几乎都是1990年代「普九」验收期间突击建造。「普九」即1986年颁布的教育法提出20世纪末普及九年义务教育。它有一套从校舍到图书室在内的验收标准。

当时国家财力不济,任务全部压在最基层的乡镇一级:资金自行筹募,自行设计、自行建设、自行验收。为满足必须一次验收通过、无楼不成校等硬性任务,各地普遍采取采取一次建校、逐年集资的办法应付建筑商。

也就是说,校车事故大幅减少,很大程度是越来越多的孩子在学校寄宿而不是乘坐校车。
today  china  countryside  children  school  transport  crisis  opinion 
12 days ago
Udon noodles: meet ramen’s quieter sibling | Financial Times
Buckwheat soba had been the predominant cheap noodle for the working class since the Edo period (1603-1868) so the younger generation saw wheat-based ramen (thin round noodles made firm and yellowish by the addition of alkaline salts) and udon (fat, soft white noodles) as exciting “foreign” food, in much the same way that postwar Europeans were attracted to the glamour of the American hamburger. More importantly, ramen cooking — still retaining a certain Chinese cultural “otherness” — was free of the rigid rules of traditional Japanese cuisine. Young cooks felt able to open noodle bars, to play fast and loose with new combinations and flavours and, in doing so, participated in a national wave of culinary creativity.

as in most Asian cuisines, texture is as vital a component of flavour as smell is to westerners. The ideal udon noodle must have koshi. There is no completely satisfactory translation into English, but it means something like “strength” or “firmness”. The noodle must have bounce, resilience, it must bite back.
explained  japanese  cuisine  udon  restaurant  london 
13 days ago
What’s in my name: tales that cross continents and generations | Life and style | The Guardian

While I didn’t like the English aspect of my name, I was embarrassed by what that double “e” in Sheela symbolised – my own Indian-ness. I was embarrassed by my parents, our food, our language, cringing at the sound of them speaking Bengali to me in public. But as I grew up I began to shed the layers of stigma. I started hanging out with my Bengali friends in west London pubs. I went to college and studied African and Asian studies in the radicalised environment of Sussex University. I started looking back at the world in which I had grown up through a different lens.

Banerjees – upper-middle-class Bengalis – often became quite close to the British. They did business with them, were educated in their schooling system, and taught to speak English (like my father and my grandfather before him). My grandfather was the manager of a company which supplied porters and teashops to the British-owned railways. He remained a devout Hindu all his life, but the influence of the British filtered down to his son, my father, who grew up dreaming of coming to England.

The most significant aspect of my surname, however, is that in India it identifies where I belong in the Hindu caste system. My grandparents were devout Brahmins – the name Banerjee, along with others such as Mukherjee, Chatterjee and Bhattacharjee, signified that they belonged to the priestly class, the highest tier of the Bengali caste system. Their name and their whole way of life was an embodiment of this.

Even further back in time, being a Banerjee, a Brahmin, means that we must have been Aryan invaders who crossed mountains and rivers in central Asia, fought and pillaged our way through harsh terrain and subjugated the original inhabitants of India – the Dravidians.
india  name  story  uk  british 
14 days ago
我是怎么阅读的

其实,最终我想说的是,读书的过程是很美,拿着kindle paperwhite在地铁上掏出来也恍惚有一种文艺青年的感觉。但是最终我们看重的应该是真正进入大脑的“无形”的知识,以及引起的思考,而我们付出的代价就是金钱和时间,金钱是廉价的代价,而时间是更大的代价。硬件只是书籍的承载,让你可以方便的阅读,如果把阅读搞得更麻烦了,就不要去做这件事。

所以,阅读的时候,时刻记住自己为什么阅读,就能放弃很多无谓的折腾,进入到一个纯粹的精神世界。
reading 
15 days ago
Twitter
Here is Belgium’s Michy Batshuayi with one of the greatest moments in the history of the World Cup.
17 days ago
tabs when using 'screen' - Unix & Linux Stack Exchange
When you press Ctrl+a and " you can see the screen "tabs", they aren't supposed to be tabs on your terminal GUI, you can do that manually by creating a new tab at the terminal GUI you are using and then run at the new tab screen -r to return to your screen session and then navigate to your desired session with Ctrl+a and a number or " to see a menu with all your tabs.

You can give a name to each one of you screen "tabs" by pressing Ctrl + a then A .
tab  screen  linux 
17 days ago
CNRS formation entreprises - Apprentissage automatique (machine learning) à base de noyaux
OBJECTIFS
- Savoir appréhender les récentes méthodes d'apprentissage basées sur les noyaux
- Savoir faire de la classification ou de la régression avec des données structurées (chaines, arbres, graphes, données fonctionnelles...) en utilisant des noyaux appropriés
- Etre capable, pour une problématique donnée, de choisir la méthode adaptée
- Savoir construire le noyau correspondant à la résolution de la problématique donnée
machine-learning 
17 days ago
Mary Beard Takes On Her Sexist Detractors | The New Yorker

In “The Fires of Vesuvius: Pompeii Lost and Found” (2008), she points out that the ancient city lacked zoning regulations, which meant that a blacksmith’s noisy shop could lie on the other side of the wall from a wealthy family’s frescoed dining room. Her deductive observation from the presence of tartar on the teeth of skeletons—that Pompeii was a city of bad breath—is a typical Beardian turn.

Beard does not wear makeup and she doesn’t color her abundant gray hair. She dresses casually, with minor eccentricities: purple-rimmed spectacles, gold sneakers. She looks comfortable both in her skin and in her shoes—much more preoccupied with what she is saying than with how she looks as she is saying it.

She is a frequent contributor to Radio 4, the British equivalent of NPR, offering audio essays on subjects as varied as dementia, the four-minute mile, and academic testing.
bbc  female  culture  classic  university  intelligentsia  uk  history  roman 
18 days ago
Readmoo 電子書劃線筆記匯出 Evernote ,搭配朗讀實測教學
Readmoo讀墨電子書在 iPhone 上全文朗讀教學:

另外補充一個我在測試過程中,發現的 Readmoo 搭配 iPhone 小技巧:「朗讀書中的一個章節、一篇文章。」

利用 iPhone 在設定裡的「一般」-「輔助使用」,進入「語音」設定,開啟「朗讀螢幕」。

接著在 Readmoo 電子書閱讀畫面中,兩指從螢幕最上方往下滑,就能啟動 iPhone 的全文朗讀功能。

這裡同樣要搭配 Readmoo 的[捲動]瀏覽模式,因為當捲動時, iPhone 朗讀就會自動捲動,直到把這一篇文章、這個章節讀完為止(如果是翻頁模式,讀完一頁就會停止)。

而且我跳出電子書 App ,或是關閉手機螢幕, iPhone 朗讀功能都會繼續運作,我可以一邊「聽」電子書,一邊去操作其他 App 或做其他的事情。
howto  reading  ebook  epub 
18 days ago
How to Read to Remember - A Guide to Not Forgetting What You've Read | JamesStuber.com
Some questions to ask while note-taking
Where can you apply this idea to your own life?
Do you agree with the author?
Can you think of an example relating to this?
You’ve written a note. Mark the page with a sticky flag or dog-ear it for access later.

At the end of every chapter, summarize the chapter in your own thoughts. Just a few sentences will do.

Synthestize Your Notes
It’s a week later. Your calendar is telling you it’s time to copy down your book notes. Open a text editor and get typing.

You can either flip through the whole book or just hop between your marked pages. A lot of passages you marked as interesting will seem trite or obvious. Skip those. Everything else that’s still interesting, type it up.

If an idea spans multiple paragraphs, try to distill it down to a sentence or two.

Reformat your notes into actionable items.

Now, summarize the whole book in a short paragraph.

Congratulations! You’ve got a beautiful set of book notes.
howto  notes  book 
18 days ago
Twitter
RT : Iconic World Cup moment 😂
19 days ago
“废柴”的快乐生活 日本青年人:不为国家而活|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
永井为父母的老去做好了准备,而面对他自己老去的风险时,他表示并没有为此存钱,“所以现在我坚持健身,尽量保持健康。”他每周末都去附近廉价的市民游泳馆游泳,并坚持每天散步,研究健康饮食。他开玩笑称自己的理想是健康到老,然后摔一跤咔嚓就归西了,不给别人添麻烦。“前几天社区免费测身体状况,我的体年龄只有26岁哦!”他很自豪地说道,不过女友亚由美血压略高,所以他最近都在研究降血压的菜谱。

“我们并不是反消费,只是不想让消费主义将自己的人生吞噬殆尽。”永井这样总结自己的生活方式。
interview  japanese  youth  story 
20 days ago
[筆記術-7] 編輯教你整理一本書最快的索引筆記法,紙筆記可用 電腦玩物
(!)本書重點:下次可重讀複習之處
(#)書中佳句或圖表資料:下次可以取用引用
(?)還需思考的問題點:下次需要繼續研究
pkm  notes  howto  moi  reading  book 
23 days ago
China is trying to turn itself into a country of 19 super-regions - A tale of 19 mega-cities
The concept of city clusters is grounded in the theory of agglomeration benefits, which holds that the bigger the city, the more productive it is. A large, integrated labour market makes it easier for employers to find the right people for the right jobs. As companies gather together, specialised supply chains can take shape. Knowledge also spreads more easily.
city  china  future  project 
23 days ago
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