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aries1988 : archaeology   22

The Story of the Iberian Peninsula, Told in DNA - The New York Times

The team was able to identify pieces of North African DNA in people across Spain. The researchers estimated that the subjects’ North African ancestors lived about 800 years ago, during Muslim rule.

The researchers were also able to group Spaniards into five genetic clusters. On a map, these groups form five strips running north to south. Those strips line up neatly with history.

At the height of the Muslim rule, a few small Christian states survived on the northern coast of Spain. As Muslims lost power, those states expanded their southern borders, starting roughly 900 years ago.
Iberia  genetics  archaeology  origin  europe  human  migration 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
A history of true civilisation is not one of monuments | Aeon Ideas
The 20th-century French anthropologist Marcel Mauss thought that civilisation should not be reduced to a list of technical or aesthetic achievements. Nor should it represent a particular stage of cultural development (‘civilisation’ versus ‘barbarism’, and so on). Civilisation could be found in material things, but above all it referred to a potential in human societies. In Mauss’s view, civilisation is what happens when discrete societies share morally and materially across boundaries, forming durable relationships that transcend differences.

Sacrifice is the shadow lurking behind this concept of civilisation; the sacrifice of freedoms, of life itself, for the sake of something always out of reach – an idea of world order, the mandate of heaven, blessings from those insatiable gods.

Mutual aid, social cooperation, civic activism, hospitality or simply caring for others: these are the kind of things that actually go to make civilisations.

What until now has passed for ‘civilisation’ might in fact be nothing more than a gendered appropriation – by men, etching their claims in stone – of some earlier system of knowledge that had women at its centre.
civ  opinion  definition  culture  life  monument  archaeology  antiquity 
october 2018 by aries1988
一席 | 演讲 地下有个商王朝
#历史 /深圳/2017.06.10
实际上怎么回事呢?商朝的房子倒了,战国的朋友来这儿溜达,掉了一个豆把上去。问题解决了,我很开心。于是我回到考古队,我说大家不要不理我了,这个房子还是商代的。
archaeology  shang  china 
july 2018 by aries1988
La Route de la Soie : ressuscitée ?
Évoquer la Route de la Soie, c’est faire surgir une foule d’images depuis le mystère des échanges entre l’Empire romain et l’Empire des Han jusqu’à la croisière jaune lancée par André Citroën au début des années 1930, de Beyrouth à Pékin...
silk-road  history  archaeology 
july 2018 by aries1988
大象公会讲座文字稿
丝绸之路在经历了敦煌、吐鲁番文献发现之后,就有一个像唐代的转向,大家都更关注唐代的时候,《大唐西域记》里面记载的,当时丝绸之路的情况,以及当时丝绸之路上生活的各种各样的人。

当年亚历山大东征在中亚,娶了一个大夏(????)——就是今天阿富汗北部一个小王国的一个公主,就叫roshanna, 这个人的名字现在也进入英语了,你看有些美国人或者伊朗人就会叫Roshanna, 她们其实就是安禄山的阴性形式。所以安禄山在现在还有一些表亲。

这是两轮马车,这是马,商代的马人很多中国人不愿承认它是从西方传来的,好像有民族自豪感的问题,其实没有别的解释,因为它一出现就非常成熟了。

所以我们看到文字一步一步从黎巴嫩一直到了中国的满洲,就是东北,这也是非常生动的丝绸之路上技术交流的一个证据,例子。

刚才的例子大家都耳熟能详,可能有些例子大家没有想到,这个是印度字母,印度字母的排列非常符合语音规则的,非常规则按照发音位置和发音方式来排列的。这种排列方式其实启发了藏语,大家都知道藏族文字是从印度文字来的,但日文实际上也是按照梵文字母的排列方式,受它启发,创制出了五十音图,五十音图字母的形状有可能来自汉字的草书,但字母排列的方式,这个想法是按照发音规律排列的想法是来自梵文,(a,i,u,e, o, ka, ki, ku, ke, ko),不像abcd它是完全没有规律的。

犍陀罗艺术也传到了中国,像龙门石窟,在犍陀罗这些工匠后来来到了新疆,到了新疆又被抓到凉州,就是今天的甘肃武威,又从甘肃武威被抓到山西大同去,建了云冈石窟,你看它的衣服就有点像希腊人那种,贴在身上的那种衣服,所以希腊的影响我们在中国也能看到。中国还有(希腊神话)大力士赫拉克勒斯的雕像。

这个是青花瓷,这个大家都知道是蒙元时期,受西方影响,远销土耳其。

前几年得了诺贝尔文学奖的帕慕克写的《我的名字叫红》,那个就讲的在土耳其奥斯曼帝国的宫廷细密画画家,他们的传统就是从中国传来的细密画的方法受到了欧洲画派的冲击,然后新老画派间的一些谋杀啊,一些非常紧张的情景。这个也和丝绸之路上的交流有关系。
xinjiang  west  trade  archaeology  culture  history  presentation  podcast 
january 2018 by aries1988
How walking a labyrinth can trace a route to self-knowledge | Aeon Essays
I could never have gotten myself lost. In the Mizmaze there is one entrance and one exit, and one route between them: by one definition this makes it a unicursal ‘labyrinth’ rather than a multicursal ‘maze’, which presents choices between alternative paths.
definition  myth  greek  architecture  garden  archaeology  philosophy 
november 2017 by aries1988
New to the Archaeologist’s Tool Kit: The Drone

Dr. Castillo’s eureka moment occurred in 2012, while teaching in Sweden, where researchers were working with a powerful Russian-made computer program that could meld hundreds of photographs into a 3-D composite image. Dr. Castillo realized that by feeding his drone photographs into the program, he could produce incredibly detailed and clear 3-D images of ancient temples, fortifications and burial sites.
data  drone  archaeology  technology  today  map 
august 2017 by aries1988
The ‘time machine’ reconstructing ancient Venice’s social networks
Venice is the perfect city for the experiment because of its wealth of historically important, well-ordered documentation. It was founded in the fifth century AD by citizens of the Roman empire escaping barbarian invaders from the north. Its inhospitable lagoons provided much-needed protection, and its location at the north end of the Adriatic Sea also had strategic advantages. It soon became the most important trading post between Western Europe and the east, bringing it riches and power.
history  archive  data  infographics  project  archaeology  commerce  research  society  social-network 
june 2017 by aries1988
青铜器,从铅同位说起。

青铜(Bronze)是红铜与锡及铅、锌的合金。相对于红铜,青铜的熔点大幅度降低、易于熔融铸造。与红铜不同,青铜不仅需要冶炼铜,还需要冶炼锡、铅、锌等金属。仅从冶金的角度讲,青铜相对于红铜是一次革命性的进步。

更关键的是,与红铜相比,青铜的硬度大幅度提高。与生铁相比,青铜的柔韧性好,不像生铁那样脆,容易折断。与钢相比,青铜硬度要低,但是,青铜比钢耐腐蚀。青铜在空气中被氧化后,会形成碱式碳酸铜,即常说的铜绿,阻断内部的金属与空气的接触,因此,青铜器可以历经数千年而保存完好。正是由于青铜的这些众多的优点,使青铜在铁器出现后很长的时间内,仍牢牢地占据主导地位。在我国,是秦末农民起义后,百炼钢出现,青铜兵器才慢慢退出历史舞台。
metal  explained  history  chinese  archaeology  civ 
january 2017 by aries1988
Does Chinese Civilization Come From Ancient Egypt?
On a cool Sunday evening in March, a geochemist named Sun Weidong gave a public lecture to an audience of laymen, students, and professors at the University of…
archaeology  chinese  origin  egypt  civ  theory 
september 2016 by aries1988
Were the First Artists Mostly Women?

Snow's study began more than a decade ago when he came across the work of John Manning, a British biologist who had found that men and women differ in the relative lengths of their fingers: Women tend to have ring and index fingers of about the same length, whereas men's ring fingers tend to be longer than their index fingers.

Hand stencils and handprints have been found in caves in Argentina, Africa, Borneo, and Australia. But the most famous examples are from the 12,000- to 40,000-year-old cave paintings in southern France and northern Spain. (See "Pictures: Hand Stencils Through Time.")
archaeology  cave  prehistory  culture  female  discovery 
august 2016 by aries1988
Searching for Signs of Hannibal’s Route in DNA from Horse Manure - The New Yorker

The ability to test soil directly for genetic material has extended archeology beyond the quest for the usual biological suspects, such as microscopic fossils. The whole business of looking at sediments is bubbling up now—it is taking off because of advances in DNA sequencing, Pallen said. There is a realization that the environment is full of DNA . . . and you can detect it in sediments even in the absence of fossil remains.
genetics  discovery  alpe  italia  spqr  war  warrior  antiquity  animal  archaeology 
may 2016 by aries1988
Canadian teenager 'discovers ancient Mayan city lost in jungles of Mexico'
Telegraph News The Descending God's Temple which is on the Mayan site of Tulum. It is located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. Credit:…
civ  discovery  maya  teenager  stars  city  map  archaeology 
may 2016 by aries1988
Mapping the Acoustics of Ancient Spaces - The Atlantic
What started as a quest to map the sophisticated acoustics of ancient churches could end up preserving and replicating forgotten noises from across the planet.
acoustic  archaeology  artefact  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988

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