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Italy’s erotic revolution in art joined the lusty to the divine | Aeon Ideas

Like most revolutions, this one was hardly total. It differed from the ‘sexual revolution’ of the 1960s in that it didn’t change social history, and no new contraceptive device liberated women from the endless cycle of marriage or prostitution. A more accurate phrase would be ‘erotic-aesthetic revolution’, radically changing the way that Italians conceived, created and thought about art.
pornography  art  painting  italia  Renaissance  aesthetics 
13 days ago by aries1988
诸神的黄昏
《春之祭》从文化史的角度给出了一个不同的解释:那场战争本质上是一场对旧秩序的宏大反叛,而这种普遍的内在冲动早已在人们的意识深处燃起。

这是一部德国视角的文化史,不说别的,单是这种从文化角度来看待战争冲突的想法就非常德国。可以说,一战本身就是一场“文化”对“文明”的战争:保守倾向的英法所讲究的是从市民社会发展而来的“文明”(civilization),但在反叛者看来,在戴着谦恭有礼和尊重国际法的虚伪面具下,仍是弱肉强食的丛林规则;而德国所推崇的“文化”(Kultur)则更偏向精神、道德与意志,按斯宾格勒的观点,那是生命进程或历史的基本现象,所有历史的文化象征都暗示着生命的形而上奥秘——这种带有神秘倾向的内在冲动,在英国的“文明人”看来则是非理性的、不守文明规范的。

在很大程度上,它也深受德国历史哲学的影响,带有浓厚的德国文化气息,那种从绘画、舞蹈等艺术类型切入来洞察时代精神变迁的手法,与斯宾格勒《西方的没落》如出一辙,也势必像前者一样饱受争议。不过显然,作者对“德国文化”也有其相对狭隘的界定——例如马克思主义这个同样主张斗争与解放的德国思潮,就并未包括在他的分析之中。对于政治人物那种诸如“维护德国人的感情”、“出于责任和荣誉”之类的说辞,他似乎也并未加以怀疑。从某种程度上说,这本《春之祭》本身的书写就像是沉醉在对复原那段历史的审美体验之中,那与其说是一段历史,不如说是一部歌剧。
ww1  deutsch  zeitgeist  art  book  war  uk  explained  civ  culture 
12 weeks ago by aries1988
Notre Dame Is the Burning Heart of Paris

It’s partly that, at 856 years old, Notre Dame has witnessed much of French history. It’s where Henry VI was crowned, and Napoleon became emperor. A few hours into the fire, French TV news was running everything from clips of François Mitterrand’s funeral to scenes from a movie version of Victor Hugo’s “Hunchback of Notre Dame.”

In his address to the nation, Mr. Macron described what Parisians are feeling as a “tremblement intérieur” — an internal trembling.

A hundred years from now, people will still be talking about the fire of 2019.
2019  paris  france  architecture  patrimoine  fire  tragedy  accident  art  church  christianity  français 
april 2019 by aries1988
Twitter
今天翻了《中国古版年画》天津卷,乃各分卷中最厚的一册。可见杨柳青年画国内藏品较丰,但书中所收仍然以王树村先生个人收藏为主,国外藏品均未收。可惜了。杨柳青年画可上溯至明末,以清代中晚期最盛。比桃花坞年画另是一种精致繁艳。感觉这几天我…
tianjin  tradition  art  painting  festival  book  best 
february 2019 by aries1988
The Seductive Enthusiasm of Kenneth Clark’s “Civilisation”
it raised an important question in his mind: how to fuse his erudite tastes in art and culture with the reach and power of broadcast television? In some respects, that remains a quixotic project. And yet Clark managed to pull it off, in ways that still seem surprising and even a little mysterious.

Clark is outrageously committed to the “great man” approach to history and to the concept of genius. “Above all, I believe in the God-given genius of certain individuals, and I value a society that makes their existence possible,” he says.

lets the camera have a leisurely look at whatever he’s been talking about. This is the use of television as a contemplative tool, something rarely attempted and, when done well, still remarkable.

He broke down with emotion on many other occasions during the filming of the series. This predilection for weeping comes through in the final product, in a good way: Clark’s just-under-the-surface emotion, his obvious feeling that the great art we’re being shown matters, gives the series a rare and subtle power.
bio  history  tv  art  civ  west  1960s  classic 
december 2018 by aries1988
Romanticism’s Unruly Hero

At a time when we are grappling with doubts and diminishments in so many areas of our social, cultural, and political life, museumgoers may find themselves nonplussed by the bulldozer Romanticism of some of his work. Delacroix’s grandest canvases, along with Hector Berlioz’s operatic and symphonic works and Victor Hugo’s plays, novels, and poems, have a sweep and an insistence that can strike us as not so much authoritative as authoritarian.

During a career that spanned more than forty years, Delacroix explored a phenomenal range of subjects: Old Testament and New Testament stories; scenes from Dante, Shakespeare, and Goethe; several centuries of French history; North African life; the political upheavals of his own moment; portraits, landscapes, seascapes, nudes, and studies of animals and flowers.

Delacroix’s canvas has nothing to do with the softcore fantasies that finicky Orientalist painters served up in the salons. As scholars have pointed out in recent years, he himself made the distinction with his title, which locates these women “in their apartment”—not “in a harem.” While Jean-Léon Gérôme painted scenes in which women were often quite literally being groomed for sex, Delacroix’s women, with their easy languorous authority,

Shakespeare, who discovered the wonderfully organic shape of his plays amid the competing personalities and destinies of his heroes and heroines, may have emboldened Delacroix as he broke with the rigid structures celebrated by French Classicism.

it is fortunate that of all Delacroix’s efforts to go head to head with the masters of the Renaissance and the Baroque, the greatest remains the most accessible. Anyone can walk into the Church of Saint-Sulpice on the Left Bank and linger over his Jacob Wrestling with the Angel.
painting  art  artist  love  letter  leader  français 
november 2018 by aries1988
Musée d'arts : Les mémoires de la restauration
L’exposition revient sur ce formidable Salon qui incarne, à travers les plus belles oeuvres présentées à l’époque, le virage exceptionnel de l’art vers la modernité.

L’exposition propose un parcours en cinq parties. L'introduction générale contextualise la ville de Nantes en 1886, organisatrice d'un grand salon en province. Un ensemble de thématiques permet de reconstituer l’esprit d’une époque, au moment où se développe un marché de l’art et des collections audacieux, qui crée une nouvelle idée de la «modernité» face au passé académique.

Rassemblés selon des thématiques structurantes, près de 80 œuvres, peintures, sculptures et dessins provenant de collections publiques et privées, françaises et étrangères, seront exposées.
nantes  art  museum 
october 2018 by aries1988
Fantasy, Fantastique, SF... mais pourquoi la France a-t-elle un problème avec l'imaginaire ?
Pourtant on ne peut pas dire que l’imaginaire ait manqué à l’histoire littéraire du pays de Rabelais, avec Jules Verne, les surréalistes, Julien Gracq, Marcel Aymé, Pierre Boulle («la Planète des singes»), René Barjavel («la Nuit des temps») ou encore Pierre Paireault alias Stefan Wul («Niourk») pour n’en citer que quelques-uns. Mais dès qu’ils sont considérés comme des classiques, ces romans quittent bien vite le rayon du genre.

Voyons le Goncourt, le plus célèbre de nos prix littéraires, dont les créateurs ont voulu qu’il récompense «le meilleur ouvrage d'imagination en prose» de l’année. De fait, il est remis pour la première fois en 1903 à un roman de science-fiction, «Force ennemie» de John-Antoine Nau, dont le héros est possédé par l’esprit d’un extraterrestre ayant fui sa planète. Et depuis ?

Certes, l’Imaginaire ne représente que 7% du marché français de la fiction… Mais occupe-t-il 7% des rayons des libraires, 7% des pages livres de la presse écrite, 7% des émissions culturelles à la radio ou à la télévision? Non, loin de là.
culture  france  scifi  book  bookstore  opinion  art 
october 2018 by aries1988
The End of ‘Civilisation’
The new program is best understood as a kind of delayed rebuttal, sometimes quite explicit, to Clark and his view of history.

An example of his method was a book the gallery published called 100 Details from Pictures in the National Gallery. Clark wanted to draw the attention of untutored viewers to specific elements in each work and place them alongside similar details from other works, with the aim of building up knowledge and interest piece by piece, element by element.

There was no stinting on travel either. By the time they were through Clark and crew had visited 118 museums and 117 other locations in 11 countries.

It was television of an intensified kind, meant to seduce a mass audience.

An act or piece of art that is life-enhancing—that allows us to have life, and to have it more abundantly—is civilized; one that isn’t isn’t.

The Greco-Roman ideal, he says, was “without doubt the most extraordinary creation in the whole of history.” It was nearly lost with the sacking of Rome—by barbarians, did he mention?—in the 5th century and then barely survived the advance of Islam in the 8th. It lay dormant, tended by monks, until the millennium, when it began to manifest itself in a variety of ways in Europe.
civ  art  politics  debate  west  documentary  2018  1969  bbc  uk 
august 2018 by aries1988
Delacroix: last of the Old Masters or first of the new?

Romanticism was a cultural movement that began in Britain and Germany in the late 18th century and soon spread to the rest of Europe. It prioritised inspiration and individual experience over the rational values of the Enlightenment.

Delacroix uses visible brushstrokes to convey dynamism: it’s as though he has frozen a single frame and the slaughter could resume at any second. Like “Chios”, “The Death of Sardanapalus” provokes conflicting emotions in the viewer. Do we recoil in disgust or marvel at the vividness?

While she bears her chest, she is not eroticised. Her combination of robust, earthly features and celestial radiance places her somewhere between a woman-of-the-people and a goddess. Delacroix modelled her form on the Venus de Milo, which was discovered in 1820 and arrived at the Louvre the following year.

The “Women of Algiers”, more restrained than his earlier paintings, is a sumptuous depiction of a harem.

Delacroix has been described as “the last Old Master”, his paintings a culmination of four centuries of European art.

Looking at this quickness of the brushstrokes in this painting, it’s clear how Delacroix, although he painted from memory rather than en plain air, laid the ground for the Impressionists.
painting  painter  story  art  XVIIII  leader  français  louvre  comparison 
may 2018 by aries1988
British Museum on Twitter
“Explore a beautiful Chinese scroll through this immersive video! The painting depicts the forest near Mount Baiyue (now Mount Qiyun) in eastern China, and was made in 1623 by Xiang Shengmo https://t.co/ErosrZrrgW”
art  chinese  landscape  visualization 
january 2018 by aries1988
壁下观书单汇总
石墨文档是一款轻便、简洁的在线协作文档工具,PC端和移动端全覆盖,支持多人同时对文档编辑和评论,让你与他人轻松完成协作撰稿、方案讨论、会议记录和资料共享等工作。
list  book  podcast  art  history  architecture  moi 
january 2018 by aries1988
BBC Radio 4 - In Our Time, Picasso's Guernica
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the events behind and impact of Picasso's iconic work.
basque  nazi  history  espagna  art  ww2  civil  war 
november 2017 by aries1988
淡 - 相册
魚山飯寬 的豆瓣相册:共 151 张图片。还有更多关于设计,美食,明星的好内容
art  food 
august 2017 by aries1988
Back on his pedestal: the return of Friedrich Engels

Finally they came to Mala Pereshchepina, where the local authorities were only too glad to get rid of what was by now a legally toxic artefact.

The artist’s timing is impeccable. June’s UK general election saw a surge of support for the Labour party led by the far-left Jeremy Corbyn. Like Bernie Sanders in last year’s US Democratic primaries, this ageing socialist appealed first of all to the young.

Even now, when — for all the excesses of capitalism — the stark exploitation Engels evoked has disappeared in the western world, The Condition of the Working Class is an uncomfortable read. The homelessness of the rising generation; the precariousness of freelance work; the feared mass unemployment once artificial replaces human intelligence; the long, spiky tail of the banking collapse of 2008; the end of the postwar expectation that children will ascend further and richer than their parents — these are plausibly presented by the left as a 21st-century equivalent of the Condition of the Working, and even Middle Class of England, and the rest of the capitalist world.

It’s the only building left where Engels definitely was. He worked with Marx at a table, still there, with the books they both used. When I take Chinese visitors to see it, some of them cry.
uk  politics  communist  leader  thinking  russia  today  sculpture  economy  crisis  history  art  manchest  artist 
july 2017 by aries1988
The Long Shot - The New Yorker
Jia is not much interested in plot. His attraction to film seems to owe more to the dictum of André Bazin, the French theorist whom he counts as an inspiration, that photography “embalms time.” Jia crams his movies with so many hair styles, pop songs, and news references that they feel like time capsules of the here and now. He has a single, unwavering theme: the liminal space in which individuals try, usually in vain, to move from one life to another—floating migrants, laid-off factory hands, restless teen-agers, all trapped on the margins of China’s boom, with enough technology to glimpse the wider world but no way to reach it. In Jia’s cosmology, trains usually speed out of sight before you can catch them and motorcycles break down.

His characters are often inspired by people he grew up with—friends, in his words, “as ignorant and coarse and full of vitality as roadside weeds.”

the movement made a searing impression on him. “Although it failed, it didn’t really fail,” he said, “because it took freedom and democracy, individualism, individual rights, all these concepts, and disseminated them to many people, including me.”

Jia immersed himself in films from Taiwan and Europe, often watching three a day. Those which he could not find in the school archives he found on the street, as pirated V.H.S. tapes. He often pedalled his bicycle across town to watch screenings at a French cultural center in Beijing.

In contrast to the epic historical Chinese dramas that were popular at the time, Jia had revealed a bitterly unadorned image of contemporary life and its discontents. To older Chinese admirers especially, the film’s honesty was bittersweet. “We had been forbidden from telling the truth for such a long time that once we were allowed to do so, we did not know how to tell the truth,” the painter Chen Danqing wrote of the film.

He felt powerless. “My motivation for making films was not simply a love of movies but also a sense of idealism, a hope that I could help to change society.”

In “Still Life,” a building launches into the air like a rocket, and a flying saucer zips across the sky. (As Jia has explained to a film magazine, China’s “official speeches and pictures are like U.F.O.s that never touch the ground.”)

“Not because they are kung-fu movies—I like kung-fu movies—but because the film underscores power, that we should ‘bow down’ before power! For ‘harmony in the world,’ we should give up individual fights and efforts. The ‘authority of power,’ the focus of his films, is what makes me extremely uncomfortable.”

“My expression, my view on history, my view on the truth must be independent,” he says, “but I tell myself not to get marginalized, because being marginalized means you can’t do anything. Marginalization can be a kind of pleasant stance—I really admire many of those people—but I would rather expend enormous energy trying to dance with the many levels of the era in which we live.”
reportage  bio  movie  chinese  china  leader  art  idea  people  nostalgia  countryside  shanxi 
june 2017 by aries1988
Simon Schama on the tirelessly versatile Hokusai
https://www.instapaper.com/read/913165263

the supply of woodblock prints — costing about the price of a double helping of noodles — transformed how art was consumed. It was a genre invented to satisfy the cultural appetite of the biggest city in the world, the million-plus population of Edo (now Tokyo).

as at Versailles, an emasculated, over-dressed, politically pointless class compensated for its impotence with stupendous conspicuous consumption. That led to the rise of a merchant class to service their ever more extravagant needs.

Like all brilliant entertainment cultures drenched in feel-good fantasy, it gorged on sex and celebrity, sentimental romance and over-the-top dramatics.

'Dragon in rain clouds' (1849) © Musée national des arts asiatiques Guimet, Paris
art  artist  japanese  scenery  painting  sea 
may 2017 by aries1988
There’s a big problem with AI: even its creators can’t explain how it works

In 2015, researchers at Google modified a deep-learning-based image recognition algorithm so that instead of spotting objects in photos, it would generate or modify them. By effectively running the algorithm in reverse, they could discover the features the program uses to recognize, say, a bird or building. The resulting images, produced by a project known as Deep Dream, showed grotesque, alien-like animals emerging from clouds and plants, and hallucinatory pagodas blooming across forests and mountain ranges.
ai  health  medical  cancer  problem  communication  today  human  google  art  visualization  algorithm 
april 2017 by aries1988
壁下观
我们将「壁下观」贯彻到底,进入更深更远的历史现场,直面古物真迹,体味与古人神接的意趣。
podcast  map  google  museum  art  list  moi 
april 2017 by aries1988
Hayao Miyazaki Meets Akira Kurosawa: Watch the Titans of Japanese Film in Conversation (1993)

If you let things slide thinking ‘well, this won’t be in view of the camera,' Kurosawa warns, then there’s no end to how lazy you can get. You either give it your all, or don’t even bother.

KUROSAWA – You know, I really liked that bus in Totoro.

MIYAZAKI – [Gleefully] Thank you.

[Miyazaki seems to be at a loss for words here]

KUROSAWA – What I think is really interesting about the Sengoku-era [1467-1567] is that. . .it’s perceived to be a time when, for example, one had to be loyal to his lord and obey similar moral and ethical codes. But in actuality, those only came into existence during the Tokugawa Shogunate [Edo-era; approximately 1603-1867] as an attempt to maintain some degree of order [and peace for the Tokugawa family]. The Sengoku-era, on the other hand, was quite the opposite — people had a lot of freedom then.

KUROSAWA – And that’s the kind of environment that spawned people like Hideyoshi [1536-1598]. They’re free-thinkers. You must be loyal to your husband — that wasn’t the case then. If he wasn’t worthy, then you could just abandon him. That’s what it was like.

KUROSAWA – Shakespeare might be uniquely British, but actually. . .Japan did have people like Macbeth during that era. You’d be surprised how easily you could make a Japanese story that parallels something out of Shakespeare.

The utter devastation of Kyoto towards the end of the Heian-era [794-1185], as depicted in the Houjouki [Tale of the Ten-Foot Square Hut] — earthquakes, great fires, dead bodies everywhere. . .rushing back from Fukuhara [modern day Kobe area] only to find your estate in complete ruins. . .

KUROSAWA – [Nod] Our physique undoubtedly deteriorated during the 300 years under Tokugawa. At first, I didn’t think such a drastic change was reasonable, or even possible. But when you look at the clothes from the early Showa-era [pre WWII] and compare it to those of today. . .in just 40 years, look at how much we’ve changed. They just don’t fit!
interview  japanese  movie  animation  history  leader  art 
march 2017 by aries1988
壁下观 #39: 「观二代」是怎么养成的

育儿兹事体大,如今各类育儿经验和教学文章越来越多,而中国教育体系里一向疲弱的美育,也越来越受到新一代父母的重视。以「壁下观」为宗旨的主播们,是如何培养自己的「观二代」的?超人夫妇的女儿在四个月大时就已经踏足壁下,四处观赏壁画、雕像、古建筑。本期我们就来听听她们的育儿观。
children  travel  driving  family  fun  art  history  china  kid 
february 2017 by aries1988
Why are schools in China looking west for lessons in creativity?
https://www.instapaper.com/read/861489846

Asia is the fastest-growing market in the global private tuition industry, which is forecast by Global Industry Analysts to be worth nearly $200bn by 2020. Students in Shanghai also spend almost 14 hours a week on homework, close to three times the average given by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Initially, the class was very shy: silent unless instructed to be otherwise, they were especially anxious when they had to perform individually.

one of the mainstays of drama classes in the west is the notion that mistakes are OK, as long as you are trying things out — an idea about as far away as you can get from Chinese educational principles.

One teacher was astonished to learn that in the UK studying history might involve assessing the rule of various monarchs; here, where history teaching means imparting facts, such evaluations are all but unimaginable, if not dangerously dissident.
comparison  chinese  education  uk  art  creativity  pisa  numbers  instapaper_favs 
february 2017 by aries1988
Chasing Hiroshige’s Vision of Japan
The emotions I experienced after my first trip to Japan in 2011 — and here my parents and children might want to skip ahead — were distinctly similar to those I’d experienced after losing my virginity: something I’d imagined a million times had now taken place, and while it wasn’t exactly as I’d expected, it was still pretty great, and I was now a different person.
travel  japan  art  rando 
november 2016 by aries1988
David’s Ankles: How Imperfections Could Bring Down the World’s Most Perfect Statue
For several hundred years, the David leaned at an angle of several degrees. That doesn’t sound like much, but when you’re dealing with six tons bearing down every second of every minute of every day of every year of every century, it is plenty. Hairline fractures worked their way slowly through the stone. The right leg is significantly worse than the left. As the tilt of the statue increases, the stress will move higher and higher up that leg, until — at the moment of failure — it will break off just below the knee.

for no discernible reason, my eyes would dart away from my interlocutor, urgently, right over one of his or her shoulders, and the shift would be so sudden that the person would whip his or her head around to see what on earth I was looking at — a policeman or an exotic bird or a runaway train — but it would turn out that there was nothing there at all. My gaze had been flicked away by a little spasm of social discomfort.

The David’s journey took four days, at the end of which it was installed, to much fanfare, out in the public square. It would stand in that same spot for the next 369 years, a period during which it would be shaken by thunder, hit by carts and smeared with bird feces.
social  self  anxiety  perfection  journalsim  florence  italia  history  art  state  today  preservation  earthquake  youth  philosophy  book 
august 2016 by aries1988
Earfare: Maria Popova, Curator of Brain Pickings via Tim Ferriss Podcast
While she rarely accepts requests to speak at professional conferences, Popova will almost always do stuff for students even if it takes up my reading and writing time.

If I can help one young person even consider a life path other than the corporate gristmill; if I can persuade one aspiring journalist to consider not working for Buzzfeed and refuse to feed the public’s appetite for mindlessness and mediocrity and to assure this young person to have faith in the possibility of building a life and a career based on E.B. White’s journalistic ideal of lifting people up rather than lowering them down, then it’s worth my time.

In mentoring and sharing with students, friends, and kindred spirits, Popova enthusiastically believes that creative culture is woven of these invisible threads of good will between people who believe in one another and art is carried on the wings of this kinship.

It’s just the record of my thought process… trying to navigate my way through the world and understand my place in it and understand how we relate to one another. How different pieces of the world relate to eachother and sort of create a pattern of meaning out of seemingly unrelated meaningless information.
summary  podcast  thinking  opinion  life  tips  reading  howto  choice  art 
august 2016 by aries1988
Why We Like What We Like
In short, tastes are overdetermined, the upshot of many influences, and underdetermined, susceptible to change at, for example, the sight of the word toasted. Some combination of inputs including, but not limited to, reasons, hunches, bodily needs, past experiences, unconscious desires, social pressures, mystic chords of memory, and price point is behind every preference; they are weighted differently in almost every case; and they are highly malleable.

Still, Heffernan believes that we are living through a revolution. The Internet is the great masterpiece of civilization, she says. As an idea it rivals monotheism. And: If it’s ever fair to say that anything has ‘changed everything,’ it’s fair to say so about the Internet. Analog is dead. To understand the new regime, she argues, we need a new aesthetics, a new hierarchy of values. This is what she proposes to provide.

It might be the sensation that sites like those are incomprehensibly large, that we can never exhaust them. Ultimate unreadability is part of the aura of the Internet itself, the postmodern sublime, to use a term that Heffernan avoids. I can’t see all the books in a library at the same time, but I can go outside and look at the building. The Internet is a building that you can never look at.

Vanderbilt is able to identify two factors that have repeatedly been shown to have a significant influence on taste. One is social consensus; the other is familiarity. We get attracted to things that we see other people are attracted to, and we like things more the longer we like them.
taste  human  book  ad  internet  aesthetics  art  advertising  instapaper_favs 
june 2016 by aries1988
Making Art on the Open Seas - The New York Times
"Shipyard Worker, Nantong, China"
I was flown to China to meet a ship that had just gotten a bunch of work done in shipyard. I spent three really cold winter nights with this guy, standing security watch on the gangway. We did our best to communicate. I hand-rolled him some cigarettes. He let me take his photo in exchange. Every time a female worker came on the ship, he did the curvy woman outline with his hands. Credit: Martin Machado
art  painting  ocean  ship  cargo  people  world  port  transport 
may 2016 by aries1988
What can Ansel Adams’s enduring photography teach us in the age of Instagram? | Aeon Videos
With an oeuvre that’s both innovative and enduring, the US photographer Ansel Adams is almost universally regarded as a master of his craft and a pioneer in photographic art. Because his black-and-white landscapes have become so ubiquitous – commonly found on postcards, computer backgrounds and doctor’s office walls – it’s easy to take the beauty of his images for granted. But as Evan Puschak (also known as The Nerdwriter) shows in this video essay, there’s perhaps never been a better time to re-examine the careful, deliberate approach Adams took to his work.
photography  photo  nature  light  art  b&w  eye  best  visualization  technique  creativity  photographer  craft 
may 2016 by aries1988
别再猴腮雷了,你更应知道这些中国传统艺术中的猿猴文化
有趣的是,欧洲则相反,直到十七世纪,第一只活体猴才被运抵欧洲,而古欧洲人对于猿猴的接触,是来自古埃及的贸易。这全因猿猴在欧洲缺乏自然分布,猿猴对于古欧洲人,一直作为一种域外物种而存在。因此,猿猴在欧洲,并没有多少文化含义,熟悉的猿猴,大多是攀爬在海盗船长肩上的宠物、神秘岛屿生态孕育出的金刚、原始丛林中人猿泰山,或者被火箭送上月球的猴子宇航员。
monkey  ape  culture  art 
february 2016 by aries1988
Portfolio - Tianchen Lin-visual dev/color artist
Visual developement, color artist, background artist
art  beijing  local  cartoon  chinese  français 
january 2016 by aries1988
American Shokunin
Shokunin (Sho-koo-neen) is a Japanese word used to describe an individual that aspires to become a master in their particular craft or art form. Ryan Neil falls…
beauty  art  bonsai  culture  japan  tranquillity  tree  usa  video 
february 2015 by aries1988
廖逸君用自己和男友的身体挑战着传统的性别角色 | VICE 中国
《MATTE》杂志  是我在2010年开办的一本杂志,用来推广一些新兴摄影师的优秀作品。每一期杂志,我们都专注于一位摄影艺术家的作品,然后会为摄影师拍一张他或她的肖像作为杂志封面。 -马修·莱夫海特(Matthew Leifheit) 《MATTE》杂志的第28号专题,展示了摄影师…
photo  couple  art 
october 2014 by aries1988
木石的相册-宋徽宗画中自然
丹顶鹤 (瑞鹤图卷(局部一)
art 
june 2014 by aries1988
不那么聪明的机器人,可能更惹人喜爱
他的艺术作品目前已受到一定关注,而且因为他的背景关系,其作品与科技仍然有非常深的关联。例如早前他展出的 Pulse Machine(脉搏机器),这件与雕刻家 Alicia Eggert 合作的展品,外形上只是一个平平无奇的鼓。不过 Reben 却赋予它 “生命”——Pulse Machine 每分钟敲击 60 次,就像人的心脏一样,当这部机器敲击数相当于 78 岁的时候就会停止运作。出乎意料的是,这款作品获得外界的共鸣,参观者观看这款作品时表示会感到难过。

Reben 后来又尝试了一个名为 BlabDroid 的机器人项目(上图),这部机器人的外形可以说是山寨版 Wall-E,它有这一双大眼睛和七岁孩子的声音,当这部机器出现在人群里,Reben 发现人们并不排斥和它说话。这位艺术家认为,人对机器有某种社会化投射。比如当我们暗暗咒骂死机的电脑、卡纸的打印机时,其实也是一种拟人化的情感投射。Reben 认为,人都是社交的动物,当我们身边一切都走向智能的时候,我们同样需要赋予这些物件社交的属性,来满足自身的需要。

这位艺术家认为,人对机器有某种社会化投射。比如当我们暗暗咒骂死机的电脑、卡纸的打印机时,其实也是一种拟人化的情感投射。Reben 认为,人都是社交的动物,当我们身边一切都走向智能的时候,我们同样需要赋予这些物件社交的属性,来满足自身的需要。
自身
art  human  robot 
april 2014 by aries1988
为什么中国古代人物画人物比例如此怪异?
人物画是中国画的弱项。人物画先不说画得好不好,只说画得对不对,必须
得有人体解剖、人体比例、几何学、透视法、光学几方面的知识,这几样中
国古代都没有,或者极少数人有过一些想法然后迅速失传。尤其是面部特征
和面部表情,没有一定的解剖学知识,根本就画不出来。这个跟画马画牛不
一样,一般人不是专家不可能分出一百个牛头和一百个马头的区别,但是千
人千面是谁都认得出的。另外在绘画材料和技法上,油画也有天然的优势。

六法第一气韵生动第二骨法用笔说的都是人物画,一个是说传神,一个是说
线条,但是从传世顾恺之等人作品及出土文物看,并没有让人感到有多传神
的感觉。假如传世的晋唐宋元人物画及出土墓壁画就代表了当时的较高水准,
那只能说历代名画记等文献是言过其实,因为这个成就在现在我们看来跟山
水画和书法的成就完全不是一个档次的东西。

人物画用线条从战国时的楚帛画就奠定了,但是单用线条是不足以表达面部
的体积感和光影感的,而没了这些就没法区别个体的人,只能以衣冠、动作、
场景等暗示抽象的表情,所以六朝所谓气韵生动的传神,传的是一种抽象的
神,而不是每个人的具体的神,跟文艺复兴以来的西方绘画完全不能相提并
论。中国画的人物面部来自程式而不是来自观察,特别是女性形象,即使是
唐六如这样的名手,笔下的仕女也完全不可能跟现实生活中的哪个美女对应
上,盛唐的张萱周昉更是等而下之。

历史上人物造像的高峰,从六朝到唐,也是佛教传入的高峰,实际上是希腊
罗马传统经由印度间接传入的结果,绘画方面也有张僧繇、尉迟乙僧等用印
度“凹凸法”即阴影法作出体积感的记载,引起大家的惊讶,但因“骨法用
笔”的意识太强,终不能融入中国传统。明末清初利玛窦等人再次带来文艺
复兴以后的西方人物画技巧,中国人惊其似真,但仍斥之为奇技淫巧,也许
曾鲸等少数画家曾受其影响(无传世画作印证),终归于湮没。

中国画人物画的巅峰在我看来有两个,一个是汉画像砖画像石,一个是晚明
的陈洪绶,二者以不同方式规避了人物写实方面的弱项。汉画因其技法限制
必须以简练和概括的线条表达(我们现在叫“古拙”),正好发挥了中国画
的线条优势,在某些作品里达到了以极少表现极多的效果;陈洪绶则是故意
制造扭曲变形的人物形象,表达某种极端情绪,近于表现主义的效果,正好
发挥了中国画的抽象优势。这二者倒是相当符合西方现代艺术的精神。
explained  china  art  comparison 
february 2014 by aries1988
Explore – How to be a minimalist, from the always-brilliant...
Get rid of the unnecessary
Create structure
Stop searching for hidden meaning
Embrace what is solid
Lose yourself in patterns
Don’t fear empty space
Stay clean
Be bold and colorful
Don’t be too expressive!
Less is more…but less is more difficult than it looks.
life  minimalist  mind  art  list  howto  advice  GTD  self 
january 2013 by aries1988
Ich war auf deiner Ausstellung bei Glaserei
i went to your art show and i didn't feel anything.
googlereader  art 
october 2012 by aries1988
Schlafende Katze (japanisches Bildwerk) bei Glaserei
Sleeping Cat, mid- to late 19th century
Kaigyokusai (Masatsugu) (Japan, Osaka, 1813-09-13 - 1892-01-21)
Netsuke, Ivory with sumi, red pigment
AC1998.249.80 Los Angeles County Museum of Art
googlereader  japan  art  cat 
september 2012 by aries1988
Software reveals the most influential Victorian novelists - tech - 16 August 2012 - New Scientist
THINK of the great 19th-century novelists and names like Dickens, Hardy and the Brontës immediately spring to mind. In terms of influence on other writers, though, the biggest hitters of the era were behind what some call sigh-worthy romance novels and a boyhood adventure yarn.
googlereader  data  howto  literature  art  discovery 
august 2012 by aries1988
Philosophical Theories
Philographics is all about explaining philosopical theories through basic shapes and colour.
http://www.instapaper.com/read/275233078
art  visualization  philosophy 
august 2012 by aries1988
The movie trailer revolution
In the last few years, film previews have become viral sensations -- and increasingly sophisticated works of art.
Trailers in the ’80s and ’90s gave you didactic plot overviews with heavy-handed narration; trailers today offer impressionistic glimpses and visceral thrills.
movie  trailer  art  today 
august 2012 by aries1988
笔记大自然
四季更替,草木荣枯,于我是重要的事。这里有花鸟虫鱼的一切。
nature  art  drawing 
august 2012 by aries1988
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