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寻租、被寻租、批判寻租,吴介民的生命母题|深度|端傳媒 Initium Media

吴介民指出,所谓“寻租”(rent-seeking)现象,指的是利用资源透过政治过程获得特权,构成对他人利益的损害,从而使自己获得租金收益的行为,例如利用贿赂、腐化、走私及黑市等行为,以非法手段来追求利润,创造少数持有特权者透过不平等竞争方式,凭权力取得超额收入的机会。而“租金”指的已非土地或房地产所延伸的费用所得,而是“经济租”或“政治租”。

台湾产业在特定部门还是领先中国,特别是半导体产业的制造能力还是全球领先地位,这方面还是遥遥领先中国,“张忠谋说台积电领先中国5到10年(编者按:张忠谋去年表示,台积电将会不断进步,不管是在技术或是在效能上,都会领先对岸竞争对手至少5年,不过领先时间应该会在10年左右),他很保留、客气,他也说不能安逸。台湾中小企业制造能力还是跟著世界的产业链的顶端、跟得很紧啊,这都是我们的本钱啊。不要太没有自信、妄自菲薄。”
concept  economy  business  taiwan  china 
4 weeks ago by aries1988
Politically correct cross-dressing in China - Dolled up for the party
Mr Xi, however, has allowed Mr Wang’s style of drag to flourish. That is because it has a long and respected history in traditional Chinese opera, an art form which Mr Xi has been trying to promote. It used to be that female operatic roles, or dan, were always played by men. Such acting requires considerable skill as well as the wearing of elaborate make-up and full-length traditional costume that leaves no skin showing from the neck down.
from:rss  live  female  lgbt  policy  culture  clothing  business  tradition  politics 
7 weeks ago by aries1988
中国餐馆里的菜谱为何那么相似

中国走上的为什么不是这样一条道路?原因或许在于,这样一套制度有几个互为因果的条件:依靠特定的潜在人群就能生存下去;必须有自身特色,且不能模仿、照抄他人;最终,还得把追逐更高利润作为首要动机。这些,在中国社会的土壤中都很难出现:长久以来,中国人很少有基本消费之外的花销,这使得商品或服务的提供者只靠少数受众是活不好的;人们也不讲究“专注做好自己这一块”,宫保鸡丁这样的菜式也没有注册专利,没人规定杭帮菜馆就不能烧;至于利润,当然人人喜欢,但如果一个价格敏感的社会里,很少人愿意为“特色”付高价,那就很难赚取高额利润,而又只能转向薄利多销。

这说到底,恐怕还是与中国作为一个庞大农业文明的底色有关。在一个小农社会里,分工无法像城邦社会那么明确,很多技能也都是通用的,就像我小时候家家户户都会做馒头。在这种情况下,技术门槛很低,人们又不愿意为专业技艺多花钱,彼此强化的结果,便是无法做精做深,倒是趋向广博。就像以前的江湖艺人,卖艺只为糊口,“坑蒙拐骗乞偷抢讹外加卖艺,这几样事不分主业副业,都是随时能做的兼职,赶上哪个算哪个,只要能弄到钱,能挣出果腹嚼谷,就什么都干”(秋原《乱世靡音》)。
from:rss  question  business  competition  comparison  choice  customer  gastronomy  restaurant  china  idea  chinese  intelligentsia 
7 weeks ago by aries1988
Inside Shenzhen’s race to outdo Silicon Valley

From a population of 30,000 in the early 1970s, the city has grown to over 10 million, with gleaming high-rises, a modern transport system, and world-class retail. The local government gives grants for filing patents and for starting maker spaces. Gentrification and rising rents have made it the most expensive city in China, as the factories that fueled its boom move steadily outward into the rest of the Pearl River Delta.

From Huaqiangbei the boxes are brought to the depots of global logistics companies and loaded onto airplanes and cargo ships. In the latter case they join 24 million metric tons of container cargo going out every month from Shekou harbor—literally “snake’s mouth,” the world’s third-busiest shipping port after Shanghai and Singapore.

Industrial design companies and independent design houses are the newest parts of a larger ecosystem of business services that includes incubators, coworking spaces, and fab labs such as the Shenzhen Open Innovation Lab (SZOIL), near the border with Hong Kong. SZOIL takes in foreign and Chinese makers alike, teaches them basic fabrication and prototyping skills, and connects them with design firms like Innozen.

key ways of reaching international audiences, like Instagram and Twitter, are accessible only from the mainland through virtual private networks, which the government is making increasingly hard to use. WeChat Pay and Alipay, meanwhile, require a Chinese bank account, making it hard to take payment from foreign clients. All this hampers Shenzhen-based businesses’ dreams of going global.

This isn’t just a China-US problem, but a global one of rising “technonationalism” that could dampen the rise of globalization.

The descendant of the selfie stick is the handheld gimbal stabilizer that, for as little as a hundred dollars, turns any camera into a semi-professional video platform. The hoverboard may have been a one-hit wonder fueled by social media, but scooters and balance boards are taking off as viable modes of short-distance transportation. The first toy quadcopters were little more than annoyances, but their bigger cousins, combined with specialized software, are transforming both filmmaking and surveying work.
reportage  shenzhen  today  innovation  chinese  technology  business  design 
8 weeks ago by aries1988
别了,家乐福,谢了,苏宁

在这里,我开始全方位地学习品类管理、卖场动线设计、货架管理、库存管理、卖场运营、定价策略、消费心理学、采购模型……一边接受全英文教学,一边工作。当时,就觉得时间不够用、脑子不够使。除了用不完的劲,用“海绵吸水”来形容当时在家乐福的学习丝毫不为过,甚至用另一个词形容,那就是“贪婪”——所有零售新事物都在吸引着我。

除了每天花一半时间带着录音笔去市场上录遍所有产品及规格、售价;另外的时间,就是在——每小时都要洒一遍水来压住灰尘的仓库改装的“办公室”里,我和Alan、Andy等几个第一批采购们,开始不厌其烦地向供应商们讲什么叫大卖场、什么叫家乐福、什么叫进场费、什么叫单品费。每天最多时见25个供应商……
manager  carrefour  chinese  china  business  story  management  sales  supermarket 
10 weeks ago by aries1988
外资零售巨头中国掘金失败史:曾躺着赚钱,无奈中国对手太能打?_36氪
在美国,家乐福遇到了沃尔玛等强劲对手,经过5年搏杀,家乐福低头认输,关闭在美国的两家门店,彻底退出美国市场。伤心之余,家乐福将国际战略重心从美洲调整到亚洲,并将中国市场作为它的登陆首选地。

福建省闽侯县一个叫张轩松的小生意人,用做啤酒批发赚到的100万,在福州繁华的街头开了一家叫“古乐微利超市”(三年后改名永辉超市),从名字就可以看出,他不是奔着暴利来的,店面也很小,仅100平方米。

至于现在大家耳熟能详的大润发,当时八字还没一撇,到大陆淘金还是两年以后的事,而且其起步时经营大卖场还处于幼稚园的水平。

“我曾把和家人一起逛家乐福的日子看做是‘家庭日’,从柴米油盐到清洁用品、从鲜奶水果到小吃零食,几乎每周一次,每次都是满载而归,那是我童年幸福的回忆。”北京日报做的一期采访中,一位受访人如是回忆。

从2012年开始,无论大卖场还是百货商场等零售业态,外资零售大鳄们出现了一波关店潮。这和国内阿里、京东等电商崛起的时间线高度耦合。

电商崛起的推动力则是4G。

2013年是4G元年,中国的互联网重心开始从PC切换到手机,网络购物从末流变为主流,线下大卖场则从主角退居配角。在电商的冲击下,家乐福、沃尔玛包括大润发开始了网络转型,试图将线下卖场搬到线上。

效率高可以获得更低的价格,更快的货物上架速度,这对主要售卖生鲜和日用百货的商超来说,就是竞争的高点。大润发、永辉等中国对手之所以能后来居上,秘诀就在于供应链效率更高。其中,永辉的生鲜供应链效率高到其售卖的生鲜比集贸市场还便宜,但照样能赚钱。

沃尔顿的极致定律:“零售就是找准定位,然后做到极致”,极致也就是效率管理,包括极致的品类丰富,极致的供应链效率,极致的价格优势,极致的用户体验等,以此打造竞争力。
supermarket  business  competition  china  history  numbers 
11 weeks ago by aries1988
The Western Elite from a Chinese Perspective - American Affairs Journal
T he Evangelical Christians I have met in the United States often talk about how reading the Bible changed their lives. They talk about being born again. I am…
west  education  money  success  business  chinese 
august 2018 by aries1988
Naval on Twitter
“How to Get Rich (without getting lucky):”
success  wealth  howto  advice  tips  business  career  money 
june 2018 by aries1988
A Voyage to the End of the World
Amid the monochromes, the endless black and white and gray, was the jarring blue of glacial ice. No matter the shade of it—the bluish tinge of the growlers bobbing in our wake, the intensely deep blue of the arched and chambered floating ice castles, the Styrofoamish powder blue of calving glaciers—I couldn’t make my eyes believe that they were seeing a color from nature.

the sanatorium in “The Magic Mountain”:

Everybody loves penguins. In the erectness of their bearing, and in their readiness to drop down on their bellies, the flinging way they gesture with their armlike flippers, the shortness of the strides with which they walk or boldly scamper on their fleshy feet, they resemble human children more closely than does any other animal, not excepting the great apes.
antarctic  voyage  story  business  bird  penguin  ship  travel  ocean 
april 2018 by aries1988
We Know How You Feel
just as the increasing scarcity of oil has led to more exotic methods of recovery, the scarcity of attention, combined with a growing economy built around its exchange, has prompted R. & D. in the mining of consumer cognition. “What people in the industry are saying is ‘I need to get people’s attention in a shorter period of time,’ so they are trying to focus on capturing the intensity of it,” Teixeira explained. “People who are emotional are much more engaged. And because emotions are ‘memory markers’ they remember more. So the idea now is shifting to: how do we get people who are feeling these emotions?”
emotion  business  research  story  egypt  female  scientist  startup  robot  ai  future 
february 2018 by aries1988
梁文道:給他二十塊,他替你做愛(一粒藥丸與一顆橘子二之一)
梁文道:給他二十塊,他替你做愛(一粒藥丸與一顆橘子二之一) via @instapaper
today  business  learn  knowledge  book  reading 
november 2017 by aries1988
Derrière la polémique Rich Meet Beautiful, le phénomène des « sugar babies »
La plate-forme norvégienne se vante de mettre « en relation » des étudiant(e)s précaires avec des personnes aisées. Une enquête pour proxénétisme a été ouverte.
sex  student  university  business 
october 2017 by aries1988
Have You Ever Tried to Sell a Diamond? - The Atlantic
De Beers proved to be the most successful cartel arrangement in the annals of modern commerce. While other commodities, such as gold, silver, copper, rubber, and grains, fluctuated wildly in response to economic conditions, diamonds have continued, with few exceptions, to advance upward in price every year since the Depression. Indeed, the cartel seemed so superbly in control of prices -- and unassailable -- that, in the late 1970s, even speculators began buying diamonds as a guard against the vagaries of inflation and recession.

To stabilize the market, De Beers had to endow these stones with a sentiment that would inhibit the public from ever reselling them. The illusion had to be created that diamonds were forever -- "forever" in the sense that they should never be resold.

Specifically, the Ayer study stressed the need to strengthen the association in the public's mind of diamonds with romance. Since "young men buy over 90% of all engagement rings" it would be crucial to inculcate in them the idea that diamonds were a gift of love: the larger and finer the diamond, the greater the expression of love. Similarly, young women had to be encouraged to view diamonds as an integral part of any romantic courtship.

"We spread the word of diamonds worn by stars of screen and stage, by wives and daughters of political leaders, by any woman who can make the grocer's wife and the mechanic's sweetheart say 'I wish I had what she has.'"

N. W. Ayer proposed to apply to the diamond market Thorstein Veblen's idea, stated in The Theory of the Leisure Class, that Americans were motivated in their purchases not by utility but by "conspicuous consumption."

The message was clear: diamonds represent a sharp break with the Oriental past and a sign of entry into modern life.

DeBeers devised the "eternity ring," made up of as many as twenty-five tiny Soviet diamonds, which could be sold to an entirely new market of older married women. The advertising campaign was based on the theme of recaptured love. Again, sentiments were born out of necessity: older American women received a ring of miniature diamonds because of the needs of a South African corporation to accommodate the Soviet Union.
business  advertising  jewelry  diamond  marriage  tv  marketing  usa  japan  mentality  psychology  story  success 
october 2017 by aries1988
In 1973, I invented a ‘girly drink’ called Baileys
We were, I suppose, unlikely business partners. Hugh Reade Seymour-Davies was a toff. He was a “gentleman copywriter”, educated at Eton and Oxford, and an unapologetic classicist. He could quote all the Latin and Greek greats with real facility and would “get some Latin in” to documents or labels when I felt we needed to impress some of our more intellectual clients. He was steeped in Shakespeare, admired Beethoven and Mozart certainly, but anything written, composed or painted after about 1830 fell into the category of mid-19th century arrivistes.

We went back to the store, searching the shelves for something else, found our salvation in Cadbury’s Powdered Drinking Chocolate and added it to our formula. Hugh and I were taken by surprise. It tasted really good. Not only this, but the cream seemed to have the effect of making the drink taste stronger, like full-strength spirit. It was extraordinary.
history  business  irish  story  invention  idea 
october 2017 by aries1988
Liu Qiangdong, the ‘Jeff Bezos of China’, on making billions with JD.com

“From June until September we were able to eat corn — cornmeal porridge for breakfast, corn pancakes for lunch and dry cornbread for dinner; cornbread so tough it made your throat bleed,” he tells me. “The other eight months we ate boiled sweet potato for breakfast, sweet potato pancake for lunch and dried sweet potato for dinner.”

JD.COM HQ
18 Kechuang 11 Street, Beijing
Spanish shrimp tartare with Canadian lobster Rmb210 (£24)
Mushroom veloute Rmb8 (£9)
Scottish salmon Rmb150 (£17)
Roasted rack of lamb Rmb200 (£23)
There de Moine cheese Rmb30 (£3.40)
Bottle Amiral de Beychevelle Saint-Julien Rmb 368 (£42.50)
Total (cost estimated from JD.com prices) Rmb966 (£119)

the modern super-wealthy often turn out to be descended from an earlier capitalist class. Richard is no exception. Before the 1949 revolution his family were wealthy shipowners who transported goods along the Yangtze river and the ancient imperial canal from Beijing in the north to Hangzhou in the south. They lost everything when the communists took over and were forcibly resettled at least twice. One academic survey found more than 80 per cent of Chinese “elites” (those with income at least 12 times higher than the average in their area) are descended from the pre-1949 elite. Richard puts this down to “family culture”.

Observing how most of his competitors earned money by cheating their customers, selling counterfeit or substandard goods and haggling over every sale, Richard decided to test a different strategy.

“I was the first and only stall in that market to put price labels on everything and give official receipts; from day one I never sold any counterfeits and I soon had the best reputation,”

Beijing became a ghost town. Richard closed all his stores but redeployed a handful of staff to offer products through online bulletin boards. The panic passed and his stores reopened, but he kept one person employed full time on the internet. At the end of the year he looked at sales numbers, realised e-commerce’s potential and decided this was his future.
entrepreneurial  leader  business  retail  b2c  china  internet  story  jiangsu  chinese  1949 
september 2017 by aries1988
The Legacy Of The Mississippi Delta Chinese : NPR
"We were in-between," Wong explains, "right in between the blacks and the whites. We're not black, we're not white. So that by itself gives you some isolation."

Wong remembers hearing ethnic slurs as he grew up, which he got used to ignoring. But the family felt more pernicious discrimination, too. Wong remembers a time of big excitement when he was young: The family was finally going to get to move out of the cramped grocery store. His father had found a house he wanted to buy, in a white neighborhood.

Then suddenly, that conversation stopped. There would be no deal. Later, his father told him that the white residents had made it quite clear they didn't want Chinese in their neighborhood.

That's been the story of many Delta Chinese: Work hard. Send your kids to college. Watch them move away.
chinese  tradition  immigrant  usa  south  story  family  business  cuisine 
august 2017 by aries1988
D.I.Y. Artificial Intelligence Comes to a Japanese Family Farm
The Koikes have been growing cucumbers in Kosai, a town wedged between the Pacific Ocean and the brackish Lake Hamana, for nearly fifty years.

For his project, he used TensorFlow, which Google released to the public in 2015.

He began by building a custom photo stand, which allowed him to photograph each cucumber from three angles. Then, to analyze the images, he adapted a popular piece of TensorFlow software used for recognizing handwritten numerals. Before he could turn the A.I. loose, though, Koike had to train it. He captured seven thousand photos of cucumbers that his mother had already sorted, then used the data to teach his software to recognize which vegetables belonged in which categories. Finally, he built an automated conveyor-belt system to move each cucumber from the photo stand to the bin designated by the program.
agriculture  ai  business  city  countryside  engineering  example  family  japanese  story 
august 2017 by aries1988
They’ve Got You, Wherever You Are

(1) “demand engineering,” which is a fancy term for creating desire for new products like orange juice and mouthwash; (2) “branding,” which means building loyalty to names like Buick and Coca-Cola; and (3) “targeted advertising,” which originally meant focusing on the female consumer, who did most household purchasing.

Unlike on Google, where people go to search for goods and services, Facebook ads are still, in the industry’s jargon, “upper funnel,” a better way for marketers to breed awareness than to make a sale. This has made it a high priority for Facebook to establish “attribution,” to demonstrate that it plays an important part in purchase decisions taking place elsewhere, e.g., through search engines and on other websites.
product  business  marketing  sell  ad  facebook 
october 2016 by aries1988
Zuckerberg/Chan philanthropy offers hubris and hope — FT.com
Finally, there is a risk of hubris, which in turn could lead to disillusionment and a loss of momentum. Bill Gates, who has spent billions of dollars over the past 15 years on global health, has yet to achieve the eradication of malaria or polio, let alone either a vaccine or a cure for HIV. Former US president Jimmy Carter’s 30-year campaign to wipe out Guinea worm disease is still not achieved, a reminder that goodwill alone cannot provide all the solutions.

The Zuckerbergs’ ambition “to cure, prevent or manage all disease in our children’s lifetime” seems grandiose. To give the gift some perspective each year, the US National Institutes of Health alone spends ten times the Zuckerbergs’ pledged decade-long $3bn. The UK’s Wellcome Trust will spend more than twice their contribution over the next five years.
philanthropy  health  business  leader 
september 2016 by aries1988
Can Netflix Survive in the New World It Created?

Cable networks like FX and AMC were developing expensive, talked-about dramas, the kind HBO pioneered with The Sopranos and The Wire. But these series, with their complex, season-long story arcs and hourlong format, seemed to be poor candidates for syndication, unlike self-contained, half-hour sitcoms like Seinfeld, which can be watched out of order.

Hastings and Sarandos realized that Netflix could become, in effect, the syndicator for these hourlong dramas: We found an inefficiency, is how Hastings describes this insight.
tv  revolution  online  streaming  netflix  business  internet  amazon  future  entertainment  time  competition  home 
june 2016 by aries1988
BBC World Service - Business Daily, Elements: Cadmium
This toxic metal is slowly being phased out of our lives. But as presenter Justin Rowlatt discovers, while nickel-cadmium batteries may have disappeared from our gadgets, they still help to keep planes up in the air.

Chemistry professor Andrea Sella tells the story of this colourful yet poisonous element, while metals consultant Dominic Boyle says even if we stop using it all together, the stuff is still piling up.

Justin visits the offices of SES Batteries in the Indian military town of Ambala to find out why the country's army still uses nickel-cadmium batteries. And Jennifer Holdaway of the Social Science Research Council explains how cadmium found its way into China's rice supplies.
business  element  batteries  chemistry  china  poison  mineral 
may 2016 by aries1988
How the New York Times plans to conquer the world
We believe there’s a gap we’re well positioned to fill, said Dunbar-Johnson. The Economist addresses its readers as if they’re aspiring heads of state. The Financial Times and the Wall Street Journal try to address them as if they’re captains of industry. Our readers are people who are deeply curious about the world, not necessarily because they want to run it, but because they want to understand it and make it better.

The bigger question, he said, is what the problem that the Times solves for people is supposed to be, and whether it helps people be part of communities that they want to or need to be part of. Reading the New York Times is part of being a certain kind of person in the US. It is less clear that the Times occupies a similar position with its target audiences around the world.

From the perspective of Latin America, that was much more important, said Polgreen. Similarly, she said, Imagine you’re a reader in France and come to the New York Times homepage. It’s completely dominated by what to a foreign reader feels like really small-bore American politics.
media  journalism  american  world  globalization  competition  evolution  relevancy  business  news 
may 2016 by aries1988
Jeremy Paxman on Europe’s last wilderness - FT.com
https://www.instapaper.com/read/722133131
Romania may not be the envy of the European Union for many things, but in one it should be: the mountains of Carpathia house the last great wilderness of this prosperous, crowded continent.

Walk through the arboreal gloaming — where the air is pungent, the ground is strewn with fallen branches or thick with dried needles and leaves, and feldspar pebbles glitter silver in the streams — and you feel reconnected with some primeval sense of how the continent was before the Habsburgs and Napoleon, before even Greece and Rome.

While forests are embedded deep in the Romanians’ sense of themselves, the Carpathian Mountains marked the boundary between Transylvania and Wallachia, which held very different concepts of ownership in the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires. It took years but, by the early 21st century, restitution was under way.

The history of the European continent is one of relentless exploitation of the land: civilisations have risen and fallen, leaving their mark in how they tamed the world. In the elegant explanation of the historian Sir Keith Thomas, uncultivated land meant uncultivated men.

what struck a chord with almost everyone was his talk of the tonic of wildness. In 1864, President Lincoln signed the first order creating a protected wilderness, in Yosemite, California. The patron saint of the American conservation movement, the Scots-American John Muir, wrote: Thousands of tired, nerve-shaken, over-civilised people are beginning to find out that going to the mountains is going home; that wildness is a necessity.

This is the last place in Europe where all wildlife and forest components are present, says Promberger. Walking through these forests makes you understand your place in nature and it has become my purpose in life to safeguard them from the greedy timber mafia.

The Fundatia Conservation Carpathia, founded by Barbara and Christoph, hopes for more philanthropists, nursing an ambition to create in Romania a Yellowstone or Serengeti for Europe, in the words of a British supporter, Paul Lister. One day, they dream, the country might become the Costa Rica of Europe.
forest  nature  europe  communism  business  east-europe  timeless  instapaper_favs 
may 2016 by aries1988
Game of Thrones - The New Yorker
New first-class seating units can cost more than half a million dollars each. Credit Illustration by Harry Campbell Seven years ago, I flew business class on…
flight  travel  comfort  instapaper_favs  airline  business  experience 
february 2016 by aries1988
Naked capitalism
The company says its sites serve more than 100m visitors a day, consuming 1.5 terabits of data per second—enough to download 150 feature films.
porno  business 
september 2015 by aries1988
Japan: End of the rice age - FT.com
Japan’s rice crisis starts with its older, smaller stomachs. As the population ages, appetites are shrinking. Diets among younger Japanese favour wheat and the country is eating about 20 per cent less rice than it did two decades ago.

Other sources of demand are also vanishing: Japan drinks about a third as much (rice-based) sake as it did in 1970 and consumption of fish — the traditional accompaniment to rice — is down 30 per cent since 2005.

If the pinnacle of rice consumption is Zojirushi’s latest rice cooker, the secret of much of Japan’s rice production is another intricate feat of engineering — the Yanmar RG8, a riding automated rice planter. It is this machine, along with its various predecessors and rival products, that has arguably done more than anything else to transform Japanese rice farming, narrow the urban-rural divide and help maintain the vast membership base of the JA-Zenchu union of agricultural co-operatives
reportage  business  rice  agriculture  japan 
september 2015 by aries1988
为什么意大利没有星巴克
世界上的第一杯Espresso诞生于公元900年——当然,毫无悬念的,第一杯Espresso诞生在意大利。从那时开始,意大利人对Espresso的热爱就没有中断过。意大利人每年要消耗掉7千万杯Espresso,平均每人要喝600杯。但在意大利,你很少会听到Espresso这个词,大多数时候,意大利人只简单的说咖啡(caffè)。

每个人的面前摆着自己的杯子——通常爸爸的最小,因为他只喝咖啡;孩子的最大,因为他们需要倒进大量的牛奶来和咖啡混合。意大利人从来不觉得小孩子不能喝含有咖啡的饮料——卡布奇诺(cappuccino)是意大利小朋友早餐的第一选择。

这些咖啡馆往往以美式咖啡体验为卖点:现代简约的店面设计、大容量便于外卖的纸杯、加了牛奶和糖浆的咖啡、以布朗尼为代表的美式甜点和免费的WIFI……这些咖啡馆受到了意大利年轻人和游客们的喜爱,通常的赞美声也都会类似简直就是意大利的星巴克、感觉比星巴克还好喝之类。
explained  coffee  italia  today  numbers  business 
august 2015 by aries1988
I was an undercover Uber driver :: Cover :: Philadelphia City Paper
Uber can provide better service at cheaper prices with UberX because, by refusing to work within the medallion system, it has far fewer costs than a regulated taxi company — the cost of medallions, owning and maintaining a fleet of cars and paying for full commercial insurance. It's not surprising that taxi medallion systems in cities all over the world are losing customers to Uber like crazy. I speak with cabbies who say they try to only do airport runs now — they can't make a profit anywhere else.
driving  business  reportage  journalist  uber 
may 2015 by aries1988
Xiaomi's Ambition - stratechery by Ben Thompson
There is a younger generation, though, the Xiaomi generation, that has grown up in a country that has been growing by near double digits every year they have been alive. To their minds of course China is a global power, and why wouldn’t they embrace Chinese brands? Xiaomi is tapping into that nationalistic bent, and the red star on their mascot’s hat couldn’t be less subtle:
chinese  family  money  consumer  home  app  business  analysis 
january 2015 by aries1988
Pour l'ouverture numérique des magasins le dimanche !
Dans une France déstabilisée et plus éclatée que jamais, il est crucial d’entretenir et de développer tous les moments de communion citoyenne. Le dimanche est le jour de la vie commune. Il est celui des fêtes, des repas et promenades en famille, du vote aux élections, des devoirs faits et revus avec les enfants, des rencontres sportives amicales, du culte et de la pratique de beaucoup d’autres activités sociales. Remettre en cause le principe du repos dominical, c'est porter une nouvelle atteinte à cette cohésion nationale dont l'équilibre est aujourd'hui si fragile. Comme le disait le général de Gaulle, «la vie n'est pas le travail, travailler sans cesse rend fou ! ». L'élargissement du travail le dimanche n'est pas une libération. Invoquer la liberté du travail pour le motiver est une mystification.
opinion  france  today  business  shopping  weekend  culture 
november 2014 by aries1988
Les défis qui attendent les nouveaux patrons de Total
Au-delà de 2017, l’avenir semble moins assuré. C’est pour cette raison qu’en 2010 Christophe de Margerie avait lancé une stratégie offensive d’exploration. Celle-ci s’est révélée assez décevante, sans grande découverte à la clé pour le moment. C’est dans ce contexte que le groupe a annoncé en septembre le recrutement en externe d’un nouveau directeur de l’exploration, l’Américain Kevin McLachlan.
business  oil&gas 
november 2014 by aries1988
L’opération de séduction de Valeo auprès des jeunes ingénieurs
Pas moins de 969 équipes de 55 pays ont participé à ce concours destiné à imaginer l’équipement qui rendra d’ici à 2030 la voiture plus intelligente et plus intuitive. Les 20 meilleures, sélectionnées en avril, avaient reçu 5 000 euros chacune pour élaborer en l’espace de quatre mois une maquette ou un prototype. Sept équipes finalistes élues début septembre se sont retrouvées à Paris pour soutenir, jeudi 16 octobre, leur projet devant un jury présidé par Jacques Aschenbroich, directeur général de Valeo, et comprenant des personnalités telles que Claudie Haigneré, présidente d’Universcience et ex-ministre de la recherche, le scientifique Joël de Rosnay ou le directeur de l’institut d’adaptronique et d’acoustique de l’université de Dresde (Allemagne), Welf-Guntram Drossel.

Le but premier de ce concours n’était pas de faire surgir de nouvelles idées. Mais de faire connaître Valeo dans les grandes universités et écoles d’ingénieurs de la planète. L’équipementier automobile se voit plus comme une entreprise technologique et électronique qu’automobile. « Dans le recrutement des ingénieurs logiciels, nous sommes en concurrence avec les Google et autres », explique M. Aschenbroich. Et ses besoins sont importants. Alors que le groupe compte créer 30 000 emplois dans les cinq ans à venir, il procède à 1 500 recrutements nets d’ingénieurs par an.

Chez Valeo, ces « experts », qui sont au nombre de 700, ont une délégation du directeur général pour décider de cultiver telle ou telle expertise technique. Ils sont au cœur de la recherche et développement, à laquelle le groupe consacre 1,1 milliard d’euros par an (10 % de son chiffre d’affaires). « L’innovation 100 % en interne, cela n’existe plus, tranche M. Aschenbroich. On a les meilleurs ingénieurs du monde, mais, quoi qu’il arrive, il y a plus d’intelligence en dehors de Valeo qu’à l’intérieur. »
business  research  youth  engineering  automobile  corporation 
october 2014 by aries1988
Nike, le décodage
J’insiste beaucoup sur le recours à des collaborations extérieures, les connexions avec des personnes étrangères à l’entreprise, qui permettent de stimuler les incroyables talents dont nous disposons en interne. Notre potentiel vient de notre manière d’utiliser ces talents tout en laissant entrer de nouvelles idées et d’autres points de vue sur ce que nous faisons. J’adore ça."

Je crois beaucoup à l’équilibre. Il y a des périodes où le design doit prendre le dessus, et le business doit lui laisser la place. À d’autres moments, ce doit être le contraire. Comme sur une table de mixage il faut toujours chercher le juste équilibre entre le son et la balance. C’est sans fin. Tout au long d’une chanson, ça va évoluer de nombreuses fois, et c’est ce que je ressens dans les différents rôles que j’assume. Je suis un chorégraphe qui essaie d’atteindre ce mélange parfait. J’adore ça. J’aime pousser sur ce bouton, éteindre provisoirement celui-là. Pour nous, c’est très naturel."
reportage  business  sports 
october 2014 by aries1988
Le e-commerce, nouvelle bulle Internet
De retour de Chine, où il a « vu une vieille dame qui commandait sur Alibaba depuis son smartphone, dans la rue », Pierre Kosciusko Morizet, cofondateur de PriceMinister, l’avoue : « Cette boîte m’impressionne. » Et les milliards levés par M. Ma ne font que nourrir la légende.

De retour de Chine, où il a « vu une vieille dame qui commandait sur Alibaba depuis son smartphone, dans la rue », Pierre Kosciusko Morizet, cofondateur de PriceMinister, l'avoue : « Cette boîte m'impressionne. » Et les milliards levés par M. Ma ne font que nourrir la légende.
today  business  consumer 
october 2014 by aries1988
星巴克的“坏”定位 - 公司 - 环球企业家-中国商业领袖的首页
20世纪80年代末,霍华德·舒尔茨召集一批投资者买下星巴克,并借用美国社会学家雷·奥德伯格的话,提出要将星巴克定位为“第三空间”——除了办公室跟家里,你还可以去星巴克消磨时间。这一充满意大利风情的概念迅速征服了大部分的美国消费者,大家渐渐习惯了去星巴克喝咖啡,而非在家中制作。这让星巴克得以快速扩张,不仅在美国本土,也逐渐布局全球。1992年,星巴克成功上市。

星巴克的做法是,让顾客感到不舒服。店内的装修一改咖啡馆深沉温暖的色调,而是简单清爽、线条硬朗,不会让人觉得是舒适的休闲场景。座位安排别有用心,专门使用一些木质椅、高脚凳、墙边桌等等不甚舒适的家具,让人无法久坐。细心的话,还能感觉到,星巴克的冷气通常比其附近的店铺温度要更低些,以为这是福利?大错特错,其实是让人不舒服,催你买完咖啡快走。美国的星巴克甚至为汽车族新添了外卖窗口,你干脆别进店,完全麦当劳化了。
analysis  starbucks  business 
september 2014 by aries1988
Heartbleed Highlights a Contradiction in the Web - NYTimes.com
“This bug was introduced two years ago, and yet nobody took the time to notice it,” said Steven M. Bellovin, a computer science professor at Columbia University. “Everybody’s job is not anybody’s job.”

Logged records on the OpenSSL site show that Dr. Henson vetted the code containing the Heartbleed bug after it was mistakenly included in a graduate student’s code update on New Year’s Eve 2011, and the bug was inadvertently included in an OpenSSL software release three months later.

The problem, Mr. Raymond and other open-source advocates say, boils down to mismatched incentives. Mr. Raymond said firms don’t maintain OpenSSL code because they don’t profit directly from it, even though it is integrated into their products, and governments don’t feel political pain when the code has problems.
opensource  internet  today  business 
june 2014 by aries1988
八十年后,王子终于露出了真实嘴脸(part 3) – 《冰雪奇缘》影评
迪士尼的电影,其实八十年来都在专注贩卖同一主题:要有梦,要勇敢追梦。但是这做梦也有不同的做法,男人和女人的梦也大不相同。男孩子的梦想,1940年的迪士尼动画《匹诺曹》中概括的最为充分,那就是成长、成为一个男人。但是对等的女性梦想,却直到1989年的《小美人鱼》才出现,落后长达半个世纪之久。在此之前的女性角色,梦想都是“被男人解救”。究其原因,当然和迪士尼先生自己的社会价值观与当时的时代背景密不可分。

一个社会的风气,一个国家的发展,必定是向着更深入、更全面的民主化发展。而人类文明的走向,也必定是向着消除一切不公正歧视的目标前进,任何企图阻止这一进程的行为都不过是螳臂当车。任何企图逆转这一进程的个人,历史都要让你吃不了兜着走(想想希特勒的下场)。
disney  critic  idea  business  opinion  female  feminism  liberalism 
may 2014 by aries1988
What Customers Want from Your Products — HBS Working Knowledge
The milk shake, it turned out, did the job better than any of these competitors. It took people twenty minutes to suck the viscous milk shake through the thin straw, addressing the boring-commute problem. They could consume it cleanly with one hand. By 10:00, they felt less hungry than when they tried the alternatives. It didn't matter much that it wasn't a healthy food, because becoming healthy wasn't essential to the job they were hiring the milk shake to do.

Customers were hiring milk shakes for two very different jobs. But when marketers had originally asked individual customers who hired a milk shake for either or both jobs which of its attributes they should improve—and when these responses were averaged with those of other customers in the targeted demographic segment—it led to a one-size-fits-none product.

Once they understood the jobs the customers were trying to do, however, it became very clear which improvements to the milk shake would get those jobs done even better and which were irrelevant. How could they tackle the boring-commute job? Make the milk shake even thicker, so it would last longer. And swirl in tiny chunks of fruit, adding a dimension of unpredictability and anticipation to the monotonous morning routine.

Job-defined markets are generally much larger than product category-defined markets. Marketers who are stuck in the mental trap that equates market size with product categories don't understand whom they are competing against from the customer's point of view.
opinion  business 
may 2014 by aries1988
L'heure des avions chinois n'a pas encore sonné
Pendant ce temps là, Airbus et Boeing ne resteront pas les bras croisés ; Ils travaillent déjà à un moyen courrier totalement nouveau qui sera en rupture avec les avions actuels. De quoi conserver leur leadership technologique et leur avance commerciale. Gagner son ticket d'entrée dans le club très fermé des constructeurs d'avions de plus de cent sièges est un véritable parcours du combattant. Dans l'industrie, on estime qu'un constructeur doit contrôler au moins 30% du marché pour survivre. Il y a donc de la place pour un troisième grand acteur d'autant que les besoins en avions neufs sont immenses.

Mais à court et moyen termes, le duopole n'a pas grand-chose à craindre. A long terme, l'histoire sera différente. Il n'y a pas de raison pour que la Chine qui forme des milliers d'ingénieurs par an et dispose d'énormes capitaux, n'émerge pas dans cette industrie stratégique. Elle l'a bien fait dans le domaine spatial. Comac rêve de réitérer le succès d'Airbus qui a réussi à détrôner un Boeing longtemps tout puissant. En 1995, l'américain détenait 82% du marché mondial et Airbus 18%. En 2013, l'européen détenait 51% du marché et Boeing 49%.
plane  china  business 
march 2014 by aries1988
CONTROVERSE • Faut-il obliger les salariés à venir au bureau ? | Courrier international
En 1925, [l’entreprise de téléphonie américaine] AT&T a créé les Bell Laboratories, qui s’installèrent dans le New Jersey. C’était l’idée de Mervin Kelly, un chercheur devenu président de l’entreprise. Il croyait en la notion de “masse critique” – rassembler différents types de scientifiques et les encourager à se mêler les uns aux autres. L’endroit était conçu de telle sorte que ceux qui y travaillaient se croisaient en permanence. Les couloirs étaient longs – à dessein – pour que les rencontres y soient fréquentes et que des scientifiques de disciplines variées (physiciens, métallurgistes, électriciens, etc.) puissent apprendre les uns des autres.

On comprend que Marissa Mayer, la nouvelle PDG de Yahoo!, veuille tirer davantage de valeur de ceux qu’elle dirige. Signalons qu’un collaborateur de Google génère en moyenne 931 657 dollars de recettes annuelles, soit 160 % de plus qu’un collaborateur de Yahoo! (353 657 dollars).
business  job  from:kindle 
may 2013 by aries1988
苦干数十年,日本飞机制造业力图东山再起 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
三菱的回归,主要得益于波音公司(Boeing)将大部分飞机制造外包给国外供应商。随着波音逐步依赖外包业务,日本制造企业开始逐步走向核心,设计并制造波音飞机的一些最关键部件。
波音公司新型的787“梦想客机”(Dreamliner)中,有整整三分之一是由日本制造商提供的,其中包括三菱飞机的母公司三菱重工(MitsubishiHeavyIndustries),该公司为飞机制造了碳纤维复合材料主翼。
总部位于芝加哥的波音公司将零部件生产外包出去,从而逐渐减少其在研发、设计、制造上的投资,并逐步减少劳动力规模。波音公司的这些合同,多年来为数以万计的日本人提供了就业岗位,这些岗位至今仍占整个航空工业的约40%。这些合同还使日本公司走在了关键航空技术的最前沿。
作为一个优厚的交换条件,多年来日本最大的航空公司几乎都只从波音购买飞机。这种做法在全世界的航空公司中并不常见,它们会有意挑起波音与其对手空中客车公司(Airbus)的竞争,从而在谈判中取得更有利条款和更低的价格。
三菱面对着像庞巴迪和巴西航空工业公司这样一些久负盛誉的竞争者对手。俄罗斯和中国也正在打入飞机制造业。通过提高本国航空业的水平,日本还可以确保韩国、台湾和中国大陆新崛起的公司不会侵蚀自己从波音公司得来的宝贵项目,分析人士称,这一部分业务在三菱公司价值约57亿美元航空业务中约占五分之一。
japan  aviation  business  future 
may 2013 by aries1988
Marco Arment's The Magazine and the economic case for content bundling.
So as The Magazine gets bigger, the same $1.99 a month fee buys you more content. It's a virtuous circle in which subscription growth drives a superior value proposition that drives more subscription growth. Of course as you scale up, you do hit some hiccups—eventually you need to add extra editorial staff and such—but it's pretty smooth sailing.
business  ios  magazine  technology 
february 2013 by aries1988
抢票插件设计者倪超:与金山无利益关系_科技_腾讯网
但说到底,还是12306网站的不给力才给了互联网企业表现的机会,以1月15日为例,当天12306网站有1700万人登录,共售出火车票265.2万张,最高售票速度为每秒255张,而天猫和淘宝在去年11月11日大促销当天,独立访问用户超过2亿,全天订单量超过1亿笔,支付宝最高峰时每秒接近1500单交易,各项数据都远远高出12306,如果只是因为抢票软件持续刷新页面就导致服务器不堪重负,那只能说明12306网站的技术后台还有大幅提升的空间。文/本报记者 车利侠
system  business  informatic 
january 2013 by aries1988
Fortunes of Facebook May Hinge on Searches
Amazon has steadily improved how users find things to buy. Twitter has continuously tweaked how its users find news that interests them. Apple tried to upend the traditional search engines by assigning a robot named Siri to help iPhone owners answer their questions Facebook, more than any other platform, has a singular and huge data collection; its users gush about what they like and listen to, whom they admire, where they jog, even what they eat. To leverage some of this information. Facebook has added the tab “nearby” to help users find businesses in proximity. The company has also rolled out a jobs board, to help users search for employment, in an apparent bid to compete with LinkedIn. The largest share of online advertising revenue overall comes from search, which is why Google’s earnings remain nearly 10 times Facebook’s. “When there is too much information, there is high value in search, navigation and discovery,”
http://www.instapaper.com/read/354317546
internet  search  business  instapaper_sav  instapaper_broken  social-network 
january 2013 by aries1988
Chinese taste in wine: The east is red | The Economist
The switch is bad news for the wine trade: Bordeaux accounts for 85% of the fine-wine market, so a drop in Chinese interest hits hard. But Max Lalondrelle, of Berry Brothers and Rudd, a London merchant, says lower prices let him “reconnect with the drinkers”, rather than focusing on collectors and prestige buyers.
chinese  wine  france  business 
november 2012 by aries1988
easyJet prépare une méga commande - Indices & Actions - Le Figaro Bourse
Le modèle «hybride» d’easyJet, moitié low-cost moitié compagnie traditionnelle, résiste à la crise. La compagnie anglaise que certains analystes qualifient de «low-cost embourgeoisée» parce qu’elle privilégie les aéroports principaux, généralise les places numérotées et cible de plus en plus une clientèle d’affaires, a présenté mardi des résultats records. Les dirigeants de la compagnie devraient continuer à combiner deux types d’avions de capacités différentes, comme c’est actuellement le cas avec l’A 319 (156 sièges) et l’A 320 (180 sièges). La compagnie britannique continuera à pousser ses pions dans le ciel européen en se différenciant de sa rivale Ryanair, qui se définit comme la seule compagnie ultra-low-cost en Europe. EasyJet se concentre désormais sur les 100 routes où elle détient plus de 25 % de parts de marché et table dorénavant sur une croissance annuelle comprise entre 3 et 5 %.
http://www.instapaper.com/read/339831840
business  transport  europe  future  numbers  airplane 
november 2012 by aries1988
An alternate universe
The Surface is partially for Microsoft’s world of denial: the world in which this store contains no elephants and Microsoft invented the silver store with the glass front and the glowing logo and blue shirts and white lanyards and these table layouts and the modern tablet and its magnetic power cable. In that world, this is a groundbreaking new tablet that you can finally use at work and leave your big creaky plastic Dell laptop behind when you go to the conference room to have a conference call on the starfish phone with all of the wires and dysfunctional communication. But it’s also for people like that salesman who don’t agree with Apple’s choices: people who want to have more hardware options, more customization, more hackability, and fewer people saying “no” to what they can do on their devices. Apple’s products say, “You can’t do that because we think it would suck.” Microsoft’s products say, “We’ll let you try to do anything on anything if you really want to, even if it sucks.”
http://www.instapaper.com/read/333028882
blog  windows  mac  business 
october 2012 by aries1988
【放言四海】丰田怎么成了美国车
美国人对丰田的认知,折射了经济全球化时代跨国公司与国家和政府之间的关系变迁。在生产与贸易国际化程度处于低级阶段的时代,公司仍然处于地方化阶段,公司的本国背景很强。当生产、投资以及贸易的国际化程度越来越强的时候,公司逐渐走出地域限制,形成跨国公司。此时公司不再为某一特定国家服务,而是以全球公民的身份活动。跨国公司的总公司及其子公司和分公司之间,以规范的全球通行的公司治理原则为基础,彼此通过契约关系进行商业活动。此时位于东道国的子公司,在法律上成为受东道国法律保护的商业实体。甚至于总公司申请破产保护,子公司照样运转。比如2008年通用公司在美国申请破产保护,通用在华子公司照样盈利。从经济学的角度,子公司与东道国的股东、债权人、供应商、消费者、社区已经形成了具有稳定价值的“关系”。这种关系的整体构成公司的价值,也是公司对东道国的商业贡献。所以,在经济全球化时代,从公司所形成的经济价值的角度判断其属性可能更有意义。比如2008年金融危机,克莱斯勒濒临倒闭,意大利的菲亚特收购了克莱斯勒,成为克莱斯勒的母公司。试问:克莱斯勒是意大利公司还是美国公司?

丰田在美国的生产、研发、销售等一系列行为所形成的巨大价值,都构成了美国的国民财富。美国人视丰田为美国车,既反映了美国人的实用主义国民性格,也符合现代社会企业价值与国民财富之间的基本逻辑。
today  industry  business  automobile 
september 2012 by aries1988
Lex专栏:需要朋友的人人网 - 新闻与分析 - FT中文网
人人网(Renren)正在受到冷落。自去年5月在纽约上市以来,这家中国社交网站的股价已跌去近三分之二。上周,人人网让投资者绷紧了神经,因为其业绩报告显示去年第四季度的运营亏损达1500万至1700万美元,几乎是第三季度亏损的三倍。人人网还将对上市前完成的一起收购做300万美元的减记处理。对这家可能是全球最大互联网市场中最大的社交网站的投资者来说,这些都是不利的消息。
googlereader  business  social  social-network 
september 2012 by aries1988
【一周高论(20120830)】中国人的商业智慧
(原文摘编)有研究发现:家族企业的绩效好于非家族企业,而且寿命更长。2006年胡润发布过一个“全球最古老家族企业榜”,排在榜首的是日本大阪寺庙建筑企业金刚组,有1400多年的历史,但没有一家中国企业入选。
googlereader  corporation  business  history 
september 2012 by aries1988

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