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勒高夫与“长中世纪”
勒高夫选择从“历史分期”这个大问题入手思考。中国读者对历史分期问题不会感到陌生。在作为一门现代学科的中国史学走向形成的过程中,古史分期问题一度扮演了核心角色。共和国“十七年”史学的“五朵金花”中,分期问题居首,而且与另外两朵金花(“中国封建土地所有制形式问题”与“中国资本主义萌芽问题”)密切关联。

可能与他的盛期中世纪视角有关,在《分期》中,勒高夫没有论及与他的主题密切相关的另一项传统分期“晚期中世纪”(大致1350—1500年)及其当代学术史,我们不妨在这里简略地加以补充

给予“长15世纪”这个晚期中世纪与文艺复兴的重叠时段以专门的关注:并非因为期间发生了重大的历史断裂,而是这个时段自身或许具有某些区别于之前的盛期中世纪与之后的早期现代的独特历史气质。

他生平最富学术原创性的两大论断刚好反映了这种张力。一是“时间”的发现。勒高夫认为,中世纪欧洲的最大发明是一种在经济和思想的双重意义上支配和管理时间的意识,而这种意识构成了西方现代文明的基石。二是“民间文化”。在他看来,中世纪基督教文化的主流并非以规整的拉丁语著作和高深的神学思想为代表的高级“教士文化”,而是一种诉诸口头流传、缺乏严格的教义和仪程规范、充满怪力乱神的流行文化。

尽管这个概念本身极少被当代法国学者接受和使用(包括勒高夫)。如今,“早期现代”与“古代晚期”(Late Antiquity)一同构成了英美欧洲史学界最热门的两大领域。
history  historiography  middle-age  europe  early-modern  français  concept  debate  Renaissance  west  book  buy 
5 days ago by aries1988
妹尾河童 Kappa Senoo (豆瓣)
妹尾河童,(Senooせのお Kappaかっぱ,1930年6月23日—),原名「肇」,出生于日本兵库县神戸市长田区鹰取町。现任妻子为随笔作家风间茂子。日本当代具代表性的舞台设计家,1930年生于神户,1954年因舞台设计而崭露头角,此后活跃于戏剧、歌剧、芭蕾舞、音乐剧、电视等表演艺术领域,曾获“纪伊国屋演剧”、“山多利音乐”、“艺术祭优秀”、“兵库县文化”等众多奖项
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27 days ago by aries1988
这10本书大陆不出版,给香港购书的同学一个参考
本来,读书不应该猎奇,按照自己的兴趣一本一本的读下去就好。然而我们仍然有一些书读不到,这些书不一定就是最好的,但可能更关乎当下和我们的过去。 所以,趁着香港书展的机会,列出10本,给大家参考。
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28 days ago by aries1988
Twitter
吃上了!我喜欢吃饭看书,而不是看剧。剧的节奏都挺快,一不留意就跟不上了。看书就比较慢,随看随停都很舒服。
reading  buy 
6 weeks ago by aries1988
Social Media’s Re-engineering Effect, From Myanmar to Germany - The New York Times
When Facebook, YouTube and others use algorithms to keep us engaged, there can be unintended consequences. Max Fisher, his tools in a trusty Patagonia bag, covers the trend as one of The Times’s Interpreter columnists.

I also need to keep myself sane. So I keep my Kindle fully loaded and always pack my noise-canceling, wireless headphones, the Wirecutter-recommended Sony H.ear. Even if I’m stuck in some edge-of-the-world hotel, living off of granola bars, I can always recharge by escaping for an hour into a Grateful Dead show or the second act of “Doctor Zhivago.”
travel  buy  habit  hobby 
november 2018 by aries1988
近百款茶包高质量良心测评,买前看这一篇就够了 - 知乎
大吉岭:JING | DAMMANN | TAYLORS | Dilmah-t | Dilmah | Ahmad Tea | Bunting Tea | FIRST斐思有机茶 | TWININGS

锡兰红茶:DAMMANN | Dilmah-t | Dilmah | Ahmad Tea | TWININGS

茶里原味红茶 | 立顿黄牌精选红茶 | Ahmad Tea NO.1红茶 | TWININGS 乌瓦高地
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october 2018 by aries1988
Pour Noël, la science en jeux
Des dinosaures, des médecins légistes, des automates à emballer : nous avons repéré pour les fêtes quelques jeux de sciences bien pensés, pour petits et grands.
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july 2018 by aries1988
我们的这个邻国,比朝鲜还神秘的多(上)
说起蒙古国和内蒙古的区别,就要从蒙古帝国灭亡后分化为的三部分开始。在明末清初,蒙古分化为三部:漠北、漠南和漠西蒙古。这三部是以蒙古国和我国内蒙边界一带的戈壁沙漠做的空间划分。漠西蒙古后发展为准噶尔帝国,被清朝乾隆所灭,现在只留下新疆北部准噶尔盆地这个名词。而漠北蒙古主要为蒙古喀尔喀部,在清朝灭亡后独立,成为外蒙古。

漠南蒙古各部落——科尔沁、察哈尔等,则成为我国的内蒙古自治区。

乌兰巴托原名“库伦”,这座城市的历史并不长。1778年,乾隆降旨喀尔喀蒙古领袖在北京到恰克图商路上的驻地设立城防,取名库伦。建城后,库伦逐渐成为在漠北地区最大的城市和商业和宗教中心。1911年末,八世哲布尊丹巴(博格达汗)宣布外蒙古独立,并定都库伦。接着在1924年,蒙古人民党在苏联支持下,建立了苏联之后的第二个社会主义国家——蒙古人民共和国,并将“库伦”改名为“乌兰巴托”,意为“红色英雄城”。

对国内来的游客来说,漫步在乌兰巴托市区,强烈的陌生感会扑面而来。大街上没有一个汉字,我们印象中的蝌蚪状的蒙古文也几乎没有,映入眼帘的都是像俄语一样、西里尔字母拼写的蒙古文。与我们同行的一个内蒙的蒙古族朋友,也看得晕头转向。

近些年,越来越多的韩文出现在乌兰巴托街头。韩国借助和蒙古国语言同为阿尔泰语系的缘故,加强了与其经贸和文化往来。蒙古国的许多大巴,都是大宇提供的援助。而韩国游客也成群结队的出现在乌兰巴托街头。在乌兰巴托甚至出现了一个韩国街区,整条街都是各种韩国料理的馆子。而韩国范的打扮更是在女性之中风靡开来,经常能看到穿着俄式和西式皮草大衣的女人,画着韩式的精致妆容。

在西方,蒙古人被称为最不像亚洲人的亚洲人。粗犷的游牧文化,再加上近现代苏俄的熏陶,让他们神情举止、举手投足,都颇似西方人。他们外向、直率,完全没有东亚国家的内向和拘谨。长期的俄化和最近的西化,让路上的女士们,都是欧美范的打扮。她们着浓妆,穿着俄国的皮草、靴子和丝袜,甚至还有人在这么冷的天穿着低胸的上衣。游牧基因造就了她们的高挑的大骨架,如果不看脸,还以为她们和俄国大妞没有分别。

在蒙古国家博物馆里,你会看到蒙古帝国崛起的历程。和我们从学校里学到的历史观不太一样,这里的人把匈奴、鲜卑、柔然、突厥、契丹等各时代的草原民族,看作是不同时期他们的先辈。就像我们看汉、唐、宋、明这些朝代一样。
mongolia  city  buy  photo  mongol  museum  history  china  travel  book 
july 2018 by aries1988
很差钱回报大家之 - 法国选鱼吃鱼宝典 - 美丽人生 - 新欧洲 - 战斗在法国 - 手机版

5,bar和dorade就放在一起说吧,因为2种鱼除了味道有小差别,但是本质是差不多的。这两种鱼其实属于耐放的鱼,除非店家太损,不然一般新鲜度都过得去,只是时间略长的话,鱼胆会把肚子里局部染黄。但这两种鱼是绝对养殖大户,是几乎所有鱼摊的主力军,都属于细皮嫩肉系列,也算是最接近河鱼的海鱼了,适合清蒸或者红烧。 这2种鱼,鉴别方式,就是看肚子里面有没有肥膘,哪怕店家已经扔掉了内脏,也能看到肥肉粘在内侧,很难刮除。 就算使劲处理干净了,等到清蒸熟了之后,在碗里依然会有一层厚达几厘米的油浮在鱼汤上面, 因为这种人工养殖的鱼就像USA的胖子, 整个体脂率严重超标!至于味道,因为这种鱼太肥,清蒸的话吃第一口感觉还好,但是多吃几口就会觉得腻味,红烧了的话,倒是可以蒙混一下。。。结论,鉴定bar和daorade要看肚子里是不是肥得流油!
fish  france  buy 
june 2018 by aries1988
《复旦百年经典文库:诗经直解》 陈子展, 徐志啸 书评 简介 电子书下载 Kindle电子书
复旦百年经典文库:诗经直解, 品牌: 复旦大学出版社, 版本: 第1版, 复旦大学出版社, 《诗经直解》为“复旦百年经典文库”之一种。《诗经直解》是作者几&#x...
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june 2018 by aries1988
汉译世界学术名著丛书 - 所有类别 - 亚马逊
亚马逊提供丰富的汉译世界学术名著丛书及其相关商品,天天低价,正品行货,支持货到付款
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june 2018 by aries1988
On a testé les meilleures façons de préparer un café maison
Plutôt filtre, expresso, piston, « macchinetta » ou bien Aeropress et extraction froide ? On vous dit quelle méthode adopter pour se faire un bon café.
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may 2018 by aries1988
走出中东 - 图书
走出中东豆瓣评分:8.5 简介:资深国际记者 十年后重返中东
以世界的眼睛回望故园
【编辑推荐】
本书2016年在台湾上市,荣获《亚洲周刊》2016年度好书。梁文道、刘瑜、《东方历史评论》等合力推荐。内地版本增加50幅图片,全彩印刷,真实还原这个
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may 2018 by aries1988
[转载]Le Creuset和Staub 珐琅铸铁锅为什么好_小鹏
[转载]Le Creuset和Staub 珐琅铸铁锅为什么好_小鹏_小鹏_新浪博客,小鹏,原文地址:Le Creuset和Staub 珐琅铸铁锅为什么好作者:b991271假如我只能拥有一口锅,我会选择珐琅...
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january 2018 by aries1988
Birds of Europe - identification, distribution, voices on the App Store
Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots and learn more about Birds of Europe - identification, distribution, voices. Download Birds of Europe - identification, distribution, voices and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad and iPod touch.
bird  app  iphone  deutsch  buy 
october 2017 by aries1988
Yuval Noah Harari : « La technologie nous laisse le choix, à condition d’être imaginatifs »
je propose une vision globale des phénomènes. Les gens sont submergés par les informations nouvelles. Ils n’en veulent donc pas davantage, mais souhaitent que quelqu’un les structure. Je suis un peu comme Google et son moteur de recherche qui organisent la Toile !

Les dictatures à venir, nourries par une masse de données, n’oppresseront plus ces groupes mais les individus eux-mêmes, dont on saura tout. Il sera plus difficile de résister à des discriminations pour l’accès au logement, au crédit, à l’emploi, car on sera seul et non plus membre d’un groupe maltraité. En plus, l’algorithme aura sans doute raison ! On est piégé. Bref, nous devrons affronter des crises bien avant l’avènement d’une superintelligence qui remplacerait les hommes.

Quelle que soit la réponse, ce n’est pas très important : ce qui compte, c’est que des gens y croient. Ce ne serait pas la première fois que des idées fausses mènent le monde. Au XXe siècle, le darwinisme social a eu des effets politiques et sociaux très importants, alors que des scientifiques savaient que cette pensée était fondée sur une conception erronée du darwinisme en biologie. De même, toutes les religions proposent une vue déformée de la réalité, mais elles convainquent les gens et ont changé le monde.
book  buy  interview  ai  future  human 
september 2017 by aries1988
Unbedingt anschauen:Manager
Victorinox Manager - 0.6365.T2 ++ Kaufen beim Hersteller ++ Versandkostenfrei ab 75 CHF ++ Gratisretouren ++ Jetzt im Victorinox Online Shop bestellen ++
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july 2017 by aries1988
任宁|「迟早更新」主播、翻译计划负责人 - 利器

推荐一件生活利器给大家。

只能一件,这怎么行,我可以推荐一堆!Dyson 的吸尘器、珍珠生活的铁锅、Bon Ami 多用途清洁剂、Hamilton Beach 的慢炖锅、飞利浦的 sonicare 电动牙刷、Wacaco 的 MINIPRESSO 便携式咖啡机、奶色姬品种的越前米、果壳网出品的物种日历……
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july 2017 by aries1988
选书的基本原则

为了习得知识而去读书,多是技术文献之类的非虚构类书籍(Non-Fiction)。
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march 2017 by aries1988
文明的进程 (豆瓣)
副标题: 文明的社会发生和心理发生的研究
译者: 王佩莉 / 袁志英
Norbert Elias
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february 2017 by aries1988
Why a Paris corner shop taught FT writer the most about France
There are few better places for a Sunday brunch than Sanukiya, a small udon bar close to the Opéra. This Japanese eatery offers fabulous soups and tempura, and ice-cold Japanese beer on tap

€1m A one-bedroom apartment in the 1st arrondissement, a short walk from the Tuileries Garden

€2.5m A four-bedroom apartment in a Haussmannian building in the 7th arrondissement, close to Les Invalides

€5m A 218 sq metre apartment in the elegant 16th arrondissement, with views of the Eiffel Tower
paris  story  money  buy  appart  restaurant  idea  japanese  food  sunday  travel 
november 2016 by aries1988
Tim Hayward’s seven essential kitchen knives
Blade length: 206mm
Overall length: 310mm
Weight: 281g
Manufactured by: Leung Tim Choppers Co
Materials: laminated steel, hardwood
Country of origin: China; not available in the UK
Uses: general purpose
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november 2016 by aries1988
What’s in My Bag — Tee Cardaci
A world-traveling DJ shares his work and travel essentials
travel  tool  buy  moi  backpack 
july 2016 by aries1988
The Comfort Principle: Spend Money Where You Spend Your Time
Say the typical mediocre Office Depot chair costs $100, and a really good chair—a spine-conforming, back-supporting, muscle-relaxing specimen—costs $800. If you spread your $700 over the course of 2600 hours, that comes out to about 25 cents an hour. Would you pay a quarter an hour to be comfortable? My guess is yes. The numbers look even better when you realize you won't switch chairs every year. Even at five years—which is short for a quality chair—you're down to 5 cents per hour.
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may 2016 by aries1988
Shoes That Are Made for Walking
Travelers today have their pick of footwear that’s both comfortable and stylish.
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april 2016 by aries1988
Obituary: Artur Fischer, German inventor - FT.com
Artur Fischer, who has died aged 96, was the German inventor of the camera flash bulb, the plastic wall plug and the Fischertechnik construction toys that inspired generations of engineers. Fischer secured 1,100 patents in his long life, a score
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february 2016 by aries1988
4K and 5K Display Buyer's Guide for Macs
4K displays are becoming increasingly popular as they come down in prices, and even some 5K displays have been released over the past year, but there...
buy  tv  entertainment  macbook 
january 2016 by aries1988
Posture Affects Standing, and Not Just the Physical Kind
I bought my current vehicle, a Toyota Sienna minivan, largely because I was immediately comfortable when I got behind the wheel for a test drive. My entire back was supported, so not a twinge was felt there, unlike what happens in many other cars. I could also easily see over the steering wheel without tilting my head back, which is not the case in most other vehicles. And I could reach the floor pedals without unduly extending my leg and straining my lower back.

Poor posture can have ill effects that radiate throughout the body, causing back and neck pain, muscle fatigue, breathing limitations, arthritic joints, digestive problems and mood disturbances. It can also create a bad impression when applying for a job, starting a relationship or making new friends.
buy  car  driving  body  health 
december 2015 by aries1988
If Your Wi-Fi Is Terrible, Check Your Router

The best router for most people is the Archer C7 ($100). It’s a dual-band 802.11ac router, meaning it can run both 2.4GHz and 5 GHz Wi-Fi networks, and it supports the fastest Wi-Fi speeds of every wireless device you can buy, including the MacBook Pro, the Samsung Galaxy S6 or the brand-new iPhone 6s. The Archer C7 is faster over longer distances than most routers that cost $150 or more, and it’s the best value of the more than two dozen routers The Wirecutter tested in the last two years.
buy  wifi  test 
november 2015 by aries1988
The Case for Bad Coffee

Bad coffee is the stuff you make a full pot of on the weekends just in case some friends stop by. It’s what you sip when you’re alone at the mechanic’s shop getting your oil change, thinking about where your life has taken you; what you nurse as you wait for a loved one to get through a tough surgery. It’s the Sanka you share with an elderly great aunt while listening to her tell stories you’ve heard a thousand times before. Bad coffee is there for you. It is bottomless. It is perfect.

When I spent a semester in Italy during my senior year in college, I made sure to follow local customs—to never order a cappuccino after 10 a.m., to stand with confidence at the local cafe counter as I downed my umpteenth espresso of the day, perfectly paired with a rum-soaked baba or, in most cases, a cigarette.

Lately, I've been reacting to fancy coffee the same way a child reacts to an accidental sip of red wine mistaken for grape juice.

Cheap coffee is one of America's most unsung comfort foods. It's as warming and familiar as a homemade lasagna or a 6-hour stew. It tastes of midnight diners and Tom Waits songs; ice cream and cigarettes with a dash of Swiss Miss. It makes me remember the best cup of coffee I ever had. Even though there was never just one best cup: there were hundreds.

High-end coffee doesn't usually lend itself to such moments. Instead, it's something to be fussed over and praised; you talk more about its origin and its roaster, its flavor notes and its brewing method than you talk to the person you're enjoying it with. Bad coffee is the stuff you make a full pot of on the weekends just in case some friends stop by. It's what you sip when you're alone at the mechanic's shop getting your oil change, thinking about where your life has taken you; what you nurse as you wait for a loved one to get through a tough surgery. It's the Sanka you share with an elderly great aunt while listening to her tell stories you've heard a thousand times before. Bad coffee is there for you. It is bottomless. It is perfect.
coffee  story  life  money  buy  bonding 
november 2015 by aries1988
In China, a Rapid Jump to Mobile Advertising
Next year, companies are expected to spend more money on digital advertising than on TV commercials in China.

Five years ago, marketers could get away with simply using the same ads they used globally and just translating the message, said Shaun Rein, the founder and managing director of the China Market Research Group. Today, they have to speak to the Chinese dream.

“What is happening is that Western brands have to create new aspirations that the Chinese consumer wants,” Mr. Rein added.

Weixin is now the most popular forum in China. Weixin and its international version WeChat together have 468 million active users. Weibo has 167 million active users today.

“I’ve been here four years. In that time I’m now on the third dominant social network — first it was Renren, then Weibo and now it’s WeChat,” said Chris Jones, the executive creative director at the ad agency Wunderman in China.
mobile  china  buy  money  strategy  comparison  today 
december 2014 by aries1988
TidBITS: Is the iPad Air Right for You?
Music lovers will be thrilled by this overlooked tidbit: the iPad Air features stereo speakers — it’s the first full-size iPad to have them. While I’m no audiophile, they sound fantastic. I fired up Lorde’s hit song, “Royals,” and I could hear hints of the rich bass in the song’s opening notes. While nowhere near as deep as my Sony MDR-V6 headphones, it sounded better than the tinny speakers in my MacBook Pro.
music  iPad  buy 
september 2014 by aries1988
Inside Google’s Secret Drone-Delivery Program
“What excited us from the beginning was that if the right thing could find anybody just in the moment that they need it, the world might be radically better place,” Teller said.

“Google X has this experience all of the time in all of these different projects,” Teller said. People count all the problems created by our current way of life as zero because that's what we’re used to as the societal default, he contended. Conversely, people immediately see the negatives of any new thing. “We are not deaf to those issues and we’re really eager to talk to society about how to mitigate those,” Teller said. “But part of our conversation with society is about us listening, but also trying to remind the people that we talk to that the place we’re starting from is not zero. In this case, for delivery, cars, airplanes create a very large carbon footprint and have a lot of safety issues.”

The idea goes like this: Because people can’t assume near-instantaneous delivery of whatever they need, they stockpile things. They might have a bunch of batteries, slowly decharging in a drawer, or a drill that they use for 10 minutes a year. Each of these things is a personal possession that sits around, embodying all this energy and industrial effort unproductively.
google  reportage  drone  idea  buy  lifestyle  future  engineering 
august 2014 by aries1988
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