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Notre-Dame Attic Was Known as ‘the Forest.’ And It Burned Like One. - The New York Times

Some of those elements, like firewalls or a sprinkler system, were absent by choice — so as not to alter the landmark’s design or to introduce electrical wiring deemed a greater risk amid the timbers that supported Notre-Dame’s ornate lead roof.

“There had been a systematic refusal to install anything electrical” within “the forest” because of the risk, said Pierre Housieaux, president of the Paris Historical Association. “Everyone knew that the attic was the most fragile part.”

As flaming pieces of the upper structure fell to the cathedral floor, some of the interior furnishings also caught fire.

Firefighters deployed a robot equipped with tank-type treads and a camera to pull hoses into the cathedral and aim water at the flames. Firefighters also used aerial drones to get a view, including thermal imaging, into the inferno.

The firefighters brought out irreplaceable artifacts, including candelabras, statues, furnishings and religious relics like a linen fabric associated with Saint Louis, and what tradition holds is the crown of thorns worn by Jesus. Mayor Anne Hidalgo described seeing them passing treasures hand to hand in a human chain.

The Notre-Dame restoration project was to focus on reinforcing the spire and repairing some of the attic beams, said Olivier de Chalus, a construction engineer and volunteer guide at the cathedral. He described the structure under the roof as “the cathedral’s jewel, the true piece of art that wasn’t accessible to many.”
2019  fire  arte  paris  church 
4 days ago by aries1988
Notre Dame Is the Burning Heart of Paris

It’s partly that, at 856 years old, Notre Dame has witnessed much of French history. It’s where Henry VI was crowned, and Napoleon became emperor. A few hours into the fire, French TV news was running everything from clips of François Mitterrand’s funeral to scenes from a movie version of Victor Hugo’s “Hunchback of Notre Dame.”

In his address to the nation, Mr. Macron described what Parisians are feeling as a “tremblement intérieur” — an internal trembling.

A hundred years from now, people will still be talking about the fire of 2019.
2019  paris  france  architecture  patrimoine  fire  tragedy  accident  art  church  christianity  français 
5 days ago by aries1988
Aditi Shrivastava's answer to What's the difference between Gothic and Romanesque architectures? - Quora
Aditi Shrivastava , pursued B.E. (Hons.) Civil Engineering from BITS Pilani Updated Oct 10, 2015 1. Gothic architecture had pointed arches in roof while…
architecture  europe  church  west  primer 
4 weeks ago by aries1988
包慧怡 | “绿人”和提着自己脑袋的圣人
不管怎么说,由于圣徒叙事图像学中有将圣徒与其受难时的刑具画在一起的肖像传统(比如圣凯瑟琳执轮子,圣劳伦斯执烤架,圣巴多罗买执匕首),而死于砍头的圣徒又人数众多,我们今天可以在雕塑和手抄本中看到大量提着自己脑袋的基督教圣人(120位之多),他们有个共同的名字叫 “持头圣人”(cephalophores)。当然,这些圣徒肖像距离“绿人”和异教头颅神的艺术形象已相去甚远,但我们仍能看到受难、死亡与新生的主题在“头颅”中不断发展和变奏。
paganism  christianity  architecture  church  paris  explained 
september 2018 by aries1988

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