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aries1988 : civ   52

Fire of Notre-Dame: An elegy of Western decline - CGTN
if the collapse of the Twin Towers of New York City in 911 represented a deep wound of American capitalism, the fall of Notre-Dame spire is at least a sign of decay of Christendom in France and perhaps even a deny of the state's political order.
opinion  2019  chinese  intelligentsia  west  civ  christianity  france  crisis 
43 minutes ago by aries1988
撰文:吴介民 本文选自《东方历史评论》第1期,回复“购买”了解如何购买…
taiwan  essay  china  beijing  society  quartier  inequality  civ  question 
7 weeks ago by aries1988
The Seductive Enthusiasm of Kenneth Clark’s “Civilisation”
it raised an important question in his mind: how to fuse his erudite tastes in art and culture with the reach and power of broadcast television? In some respects, that remains a quixotic project. And yet Clark managed to pull it off, in ways that still seem surprising and even a little mysterious.

Clark is outrageously committed to the “great man” approach to history and to the concept of genius. “Above all, I believe in the God-given genius of certain individuals, and I value a society that makes their existence possible,” he says.

lets the camera have a leisurely look at whatever he’s been talking about. This is the use of television as a contemplative tool, something rarely attempted and, when done well, still remarkable.

He broke down with emotion on many other occasions during the filming of the series. This predilection for weeping comes through in the final product, in a good way: Clark’s just-under-the-surface emotion, his obvious feeling that the great art we’re being shown matters, gives the series a rare and subtle power.
bio  history  tv  art  civ  west  1960s  classic 
december 2018 by aries1988



FRD Norbert Elias

2000s  book  academia  chinese  europe  civ  origin  debate  greek  emigration  antiquity 
october 2018 by aries1988
A history of true civilisation is not one of monuments | Aeon Ideas
The 20th-century French anthropologist Marcel Mauss thought that civilisation should not be reduced to a list of technical or aesthetic achievements. Nor should it represent a particular stage of cultural development (‘civilisation’ versus ‘barbarism’, and so on). Civilisation could be found in material things, but above all it referred to a potential in human societies. In Mauss’s view, civilisation is what happens when discrete societies share morally and materially across boundaries, forming durable relationships that transcend differences.

Sacrifice is the shadow lurking behind this concept of civilisation; the sacrifice of freedoms, of life itself, for the sake of something always out of reach – an idea of world order, the mandate of heaven, blessings from those insatiable gods.

Mutual aid, social cooperation, civic activism, hospitality or simply caring for others: these are the kind of things that actually go to make civilisations.

What until now has passed for ‘civilisation’ might in fact be nothing more than a gendered appropriation – by men, etching their claims in stone – of some earlier system of knowledge that had women at its centre.
civ  opinion  definition  culture  life  monument  archaeology  antiquity 
october 2018 by aries1988
The Clash of Ignorance

Samuel Huntington’s article "The Clash of Civilizations?" appeared in the Summer 1993 issue of Foreign Affairs, where it immediately attracted a surprising amount of attention and reaction
to supply Americans with an original thesis about "a new phase" in world politics after the end of the cold war,

Certainly neither Huntington nor Lewis has much time to spare for the internal dynamics and plurality of every civilization, or for the fact that the major contest in most modern cultures concerns the definition or interpretation of each culture, or for the unattractive possibility that a great deal of demagogy and downright ignorance is involved in presuming to speak for a whole religion or civilization. No, the West is the West, and Islam Islam.

Instead of seeing it for what it is–the capture of big ideas (I use the word loosely) by a tiny band of crazed fanatics for criminal purposes–

what is so threatening about that presence? Buried in the collective culture are memories of the first great Arab-Islamic conquests, which began in the seventh century and which, as the celebrated Belgian historian Henri Pirenne wrote in his landmark book Mohammed and Charlemagne (1939), shattered once and for all the ancient unity of the Mediterranean, destroyed the Christian-Roman synthesis and gave rise to a new civilization dominated by northern powers (Germany and Carolingian France) whose mission, he seemed to be saying, is to resume defense of the "West" against its historical-cultural enemies.

These are tense times, but it is better to think in terms of powerful and powerless communities, the secular politics of reason and ignorance, and universal principles of justice and injustice, than to wander off in search of vast abstractions that may give momentary satisfaction but little self-knowledge or informed analysis
muslim  debate  islam  terrorism  power  community  civ  conflict  europe  population  theory  leader  instapaper_favs 
october 2018 by aries1988
內亞海洋與帝國秩序(二):虛弱帝國 – Zhongjing Liu | 劉仲敬 – Medium





































tang  china  civ  history  middle-asia  qing  mongolia  19C  poland 
september 2018 by aries1988
內亞海洋與帝國秩序(一):豐饒之海 – Zhongjing Liu | 劉仲敬 – Medium


















china  civ  concep  theory  east-asia  middle-asia  technology  warrior  military  empire  evolution 
september 2018 by aries1988
內亞海洋與帝國秩序(四):羅馬時刻 – Zhongjing Liu | 劉仲敬 – Medium







japan  china  civ  today  idea  nation  qing 
september 2018 by aries1988




français  thinking  philosophy  civ  world 
september 2018 by aries1988




genetics  society  civ  human  debate  race 
september 2018 by aries1988
The End of ‘Civilisation’
The new program is best understood as a kind of delayed rebuttal, sometimes quite explicit, to Clark and his view of history.

An example of his method was a book the gallery published called 100 Details from Pictures in the National Gallery. Clark wanted to draw the attention of untutored viewers to specific elements in each work and place them alongside similar details from other works, with the aim of building up knowledge and interest piece by piece, element by element.

There was no stinting on travel either. By the time they were through Clark and crew had visited 118 museums and 117 other locations in 11 countries.

It was television of an intensified kind, meant to seduce a mass audience.

An act or piece of art that is life-enhancing—that allows us to have life, and to have it more abundantly—is civilized; one that isn’t isn’t.

The Greco-Roman ideal, he says, was “without doubt the most extraordinary creation in the whole of history.” It was nearly lost with the sacking of Rome—by barbarians, did he mention?—in the 5th century and then barely survived the advance of Islam in the 8th. It lay dormant, tended by monks, until the millennium, when it began to manifest itself in a variety of ways in Europe.
civ  art  politics  debate  west  documentary  2018  1969  bbc  uk 
august 2018 by aries1988
A Record of Syrian Monuments Before ISIS
John Gendall writes about the photography of the veteran architectural photographer Peter Aaron, whose images of Syria, from 2009, serve as a quiet reminder of the country’s recent past.
venice  2018  architecture  syria  loss  civ  middle-east  isis  photo  exhibition 
may 2018 by aries1988
Why did we start farming?
What if the origin of farming wasn’t a moment of liberation but of entrapment? Scott offers an alternative to the conventional narrative that is altogether more fascinating, not least in the way it omits any self-congratulation about human achievement.

The perfectly formed city-state is the ideal, deeply ingrained in the Western psyche, on which our notion of the nation-state is founded, ultimately inspiring Donald Trump’s notion of a ‘city’ wall to keep out the barbarian Mexican horde, and Brexiters’ desire to ‘take back control’ from insurgent European bureaucrats.
CPR 都市帝国 宫崎市定

His account of the deep past doesn’t purport to be definitive, but it is surely more accurate than the one we’re used to, and it implicitly exposes the flaws in contemporary political ideas that ultimately rest on a narrative of human progress and on the ideal of the city/nation-state.

domesticated goats had begun to eat up the local vegetation – the first step to today’s barren landscape.

although farming would have significantly increased mortality rates in both infants and adults, sedentism would have increased fertility. Mobile hunter-gatherers were effectively limited by the demands of travel to having one child every four years. An increase in fertility that just about outpaced the increase in mortality would account for the slow, steady increase in population in the villages.

Collapse could mean nothing more than the abandonment of the centre and the redistribution of the population into independent settlements, to be followed by the next cycle of annexation.

According to Scott, the period of early states was the Golden Age for the barbarians.
book  agriculture  human  debate  evolution  question  civ  idea  invention  destiny  whatif  history  origin  state  read  instapaper_favs 
february 2018 by aries1988
Switzerland is Prepared for Civilizational Collapse - Marginal REVOLUTION
More than any other country, Switzerland’s ethos is centered around preparing for civilizational collapse. All around Switzerland, for example, one can find thousands of water fountains fed by natural springs. Zurich is famous for its 1200 fountains, some of them […]
swiss  civ  disaster  survive 
february 2018 by aries1988
东方专制主义 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书

concept  oriental  civ  politics 
january 2018 by aries1988
中国人的天下观 - 见素抱朴JSBP - 简书

india  china  civ  buddhism 
january 2018 by aries1988
提起当今的西亚、中东我们会有什么印象?连绵的动乱?保守的宗教?取之不竭的石油?不论用什么词语形容, 西亚中东已经在处于火药桶的中心、世界文明的边缘。

book  japanese  asia  middle-asia  civ  history 
december 2017 by aries1988












japan  china  history  war  qing  19C  theory  civ  politics  state  comparison 
december 2017 by aries1988
【林忌书评】 《中国洼地︰一部内亚主导东亚的简史》


book  china  history  opinion  idea  debate  middle-asia  civ 
december 2017 by aries1988
Far-distant days: the past has a dizzying power to ground us | Aeon Ideas
Ennigaldi-Nanna herself was far from the first to take an interest in her region’s primordial history. Across thousands of years, priests and kings had performed excavations in ruins already vastly ancient when Babylon itself was young. A full 16 centuries before Ennigaldi-Nanna, in the 2100s BCE, priests from Ur visited Sumerian sites such as Eridu – whose earliest temple ruins date back at least to the 5300s BCE, lending Eridu its reputation as the first planned city ever created. There among the rubble of their ancestors’ libraries, those scribes exhumed primeval cuneiform inscriptions, and took home clay impressions of the texts to store in their temple archives; where, centuries later, they would be rediscovered by the scribes of new dynasties.

ut not all great powers live among such warning signs. Today’s richest and most powerful nation is less than 12 generations old, built on a continent where ancient cities are notably hard to come by. And I can tell you, as a lifelong citizen of that nation, that many of its people do not fully grasp the concept of a distant past or future. Few of us ever have reason to count primeval centuries, since our cities contain no streets or buildings of such age. As the American novelist Howard Fast told The New York Times in 2000: ‘Americans have no sense of history. And not much memory.’
history  future  time  civ 
august 2017 by aries1988
Norbert Elias, sur le tard

Etrange paradoxe que celui qui entoure la vie et l'oeuvre de Norbert Elias. Le sociologue est aujourd'hui cité dans le monde entier. Son exposé du "processus de civilisation" est célébré comme l'une des plus fines analyses des sciences sociales du XXe siècle. Pourtant, l'homme a passé la plus grande partie de son existence à chercher, en vain, la reconnaissance de ses pairs pour ne la trouver qu'à l'âge où d'autres prennent tranquillement leur retraite.
france  deutsch  book  essay  sociology  civ 
july 2017 by aries1988
Norbert Elias se confronte à l’Allemagne

Les Allemands. Evolution de l’habitus et luttes de pouvoir aux XIXe et XXe siècles (Studien über die Deutschen. Machtkämpfe und Habitusentwicklung im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert), de Norbert Elias, traduit de l’allemand par Marc de Launay et Marc Joly, Seuil, « La librairie du XXIe siècle », 592 p., 35 €.

Le rêve du « Reich millénaire », l’idéal aristocratique de supériorité étendu à la masse des Allemands à travers la notion de « race », la peur du déclin et la valorisation corrélative de la force ont correspondu à l’« habitus » (ce qui dans l’individu exprime le rapport historiquement déterminé à son Etat) de bien des Allemands du temps : en effet, dans une Allemagne longtemps divisée en une multitude de petites entités, l’Etat impérial n’avait cessé de s’affaiblir depuis le Moyen Age ; et alors qu’au même moment la France et l’Angleterre se constituaient en monarchies de plus en plus puissantes et centralisées, pour les Allemands les rêves d’empire paraissaient plus fragiles.

Selon Norbert Elias, Nietzsche incarne au plus près, avant Hitler, cette peur allemande de la décomposition qui mène à la haine du faible et à l’exaltation du fort. Une autre facette de la haine de soi.
history  deutschland  deutsch  civ  ww2  ww1  society  zeitgeist  nation  philosophy  germany 
may 2017 by aries1988
Europa Universalis IV - Europa Universalis 4 Wiki
Much of the game's setting is based in the historical era of initial European exploration and colonization of the New World. The game opens at the tail end of the Hundred Years' War and the decline of the Byzantine Empire and continues through to the revolutionary periods of the United States and France, and concludes a few years after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Players assume control of a nation, seeking glory through exploration, trade, warfare and diplomacy, dramatically altering the course of history in the process.
game  history  civ 
march 2017 by aries1988
李约瑟对李约瑟难题的回答 -上海书评-东方早报网







civ  china  comparison  europe  history  science  religion  book  critic  chinese  theory  research  question  debate 
january 2017 by aries1988


metal  explained  history  chinese  archaeology  civ 
january 2017 by aries1988
Rencontres dans l'Ancien Monde: l'âge d'or des navigations arabes
Les "découvreurs" venus d'Europe, leurs aventures en "terres inconnues" contées du seul point de vue occidental, ont occulté le fait que l'océan Indien (des côtes de l'Afrique Orientale jusqu'à Canton), fut longtemps une vaste "mer des Arabes"...
india  arab  history  navigation  civ 
november 2016 by aries1988
Does Chinese Civilization Come From Ancient Egypt?
On a cool Sunday evening in March, a geochemist named Sun Weidong gave a public lecture to an audience of laymen, students, and professors at the University of…
archaeology  chinese  origin  egypt  civ  theory 
september 2016 by aries1988

我們之所以瞭解古人的吃喝生活,是因為他們留下了記錄,而這些記錄,自然都是用文字書寫的。之前在這裏介紹過的人類學家古迪( Jackson Goody),他很敏感地意識到幾乎一切擁有高級烹飪傳統的社會都是有文字的文明。相反地,在他長年考察過的許多傳統非洲地區、不止國王和酋長吃得和庶民一樣,而且他們還沒有文字。



food  writing  history  civ  royal  comparison  recette 
august 2016 by aries1988
Canadian teenager 'discovers ancient Mayan city lost in jungles of Mexico'
Telegraph News The Descending God's Temple which is on the Mayan site of Tulum. It is located on the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. Credit:…
civ  discovery  maya  teenager  stars  city  map  archaeology 
may 2016 by aries1988
Museum of the World
Welcome to The Museum of the World – an interactive experience through time, continents and cultures, featuring some of the most fascinating objects in human history. The project is a partnership between the British Museum and Google Cultural Institute. For the first time ever, discover objects from the British Museum’s collection from prehistory to the present using the most advanced WebGL (Web Graphics Library) technology available. Jump back in time to explore objects from across diverse cultures and listen to British Museum curators share their insights. Click to connect objects across time and space, and discover hidden links between then and now. Take a look around, explore and learn something new! Enjoy your visit.

The website was designed and built by WEIR+WONG. All sound effects are provided under license from
online  map  history  museum  google  presentation  world  comparison  civ  photo  interactive 
december 2015 by aries1988
Do Paris terror attacks highlight a clash of civilisations? -
The effects are now visible in Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Africa and Europe. Malaysia has long been held up as an example of a successful and prosperous, multicultural nation with a Muslim-Malay majority and a large ethnic-Chinese minority. But things are changing. Bilahari Kausikan, a former head of the foreign ministry in neighbouring Singapore, notes a significant and continuing narrowing of the political and social space for non-Muslims in Malaysia. He adds: Arab influences from the Middle East have for several decades steadily eroded the Malay variant of Islam . . . replacing it with a more austere and exclusive interpretation. The corruption scandal that is currently undermining the government of Prime Minister Najib Razak has increased communal tensions, as the Malaysian government has fallen back on Muslim identity politics to rally support. One junior government minister even recently accused the opposition of being part of a global, Jewish conspiracy against Malaysia.

The confluence of these developments in North America, Europe, the Middle East and Asia is fuelling the idea of a clash of civilisations. Yet the reality is that the Muslim and non-Muslim worlds are intermingled across the globe. Multiculturalism is not a naive liberal aspiration — it is the reality of the modern world and it has to be made to work. The only alternative is more violence, death and grief.
civ  world  future  2015  malaysia  terrorism 
november 2015 by aries1988
How the Terracotta Army Works — Stuff You Should Know
In 1974, Chinese farmers discovered the first of what would number 7,000 terracotta soldiers meant to protect China’s first emperor in the afterlife.
china  civ  military 
july 2015 by aries1988
Is a Climate Disaster Inevitable?
The physicist Enrico Fermi first formulated this question, now called the Fermi paradox, in 1950. But in the intervening decades, humanity has recognized that our own climb up the ladder of technological sophistication comes with a heavy price. From climate change to resource depletion, our evolution into a globe-spanning industrial culture is forcing us through the narrow bottleneck of a sustainability crisis. In the wake of this realization, new and sobering answers to Fermi’s question now seem possible.
science  scifi  future  civ  earth  space  climate 
january 2015 by aries1988
Why Gandhi Is Such An Asshole In Civilization
Only, there was a problem. When a player adopted democracy in Civilization, their aggression would be automatically reduced by 2. Code being code, if Gandhi went democratic his aggression wouldn't go to -1, it looped back around to the ludicrously high figure of 255, making him as aggressive as a civilization could possibly be.
civ  game  fun  india 
november 2014 by aries1988
故事二十六 STORY 26 by Liu Xiaoye « Jia Zazhi
china  civ  photo  story 
august 2012 by aries1988

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