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aries1988 : communication   38

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: Where Is It? - The Atlantic
It is obvious that decisions were made to not pursue certain avenues that might have reflected poorly on Malaysia Airlines or the government.
aviation  malaysia  accident  crash  airplane  satellite  communication  search  indian  ocean  story  adventurer  independent  reunion 
8 weeks ago by aries1988
Twitter
有一次我在波士顿等地铁,坐在站台椅子上感觉到了一点儿风的变化,于是随口嘀咕了一句“车来了”,旁边一个美国人听到后走到站台边缘探头看了看隧道,回来对我说“How do u know that?”
fun  life  anecdote  communication  language  gaijin 
april 2019 by aries1988
人情、面子与关系:中国式人际关系背后的权力与话语权争夺

儒家在构思礼的时候,是用它来连接天人之间的关系的。在“天理人情”的说法中,理是天的运作规则,这个规则是自然规则,人不能改变,不能反抗,因此是命定的,而原初的情又是个人化的,能改变的,是随意的。在连接这个不变与变的过程中,先王(圣人)承天之道制定了礼,就是以天的名义来规范人的七情六欲,也就是想让人情来顺从天意。

孝,它不是作为生物性的后代对生者养者的自然感情的随意流露,而是对一种义务和伦理化的情感的控制。如果一个人能对自己父母有这份感情,然后将此感情再弥漫到长辈乃至于君王身上,最后就可以达到尽心知天命的境界,而人人如此便可以达到天下之大治。
theory  society  chinese  communication  confucianism  explained 
october 2018 by aries1988
Decorum is an unfashionable word but it has a radical core | Aeon Ideas
Cicero gives us the best sense of decorum’s richness. He did more than anyone in ancient Rome to develop the concept, and it sits at the heart of his ethical and rhetorical theory. Cicero defined decorum not as an inflexible code of conduct, but as the fit between an action and a moment, or between words and a rhetorical situation. To speak decorously is to say precisely what the moment demands.

Asking whether words have decorum is another way of asking what this circumstance and this audience call for.

Arguing over Trump’s decorum, or lack thereof, is about asking who counts – who is included in, and excluded from, ‘the sense of the community’ to which decorum appeals.
speech  politics  today  trump  audience  communication  latin  roman 
september 2018 by aries1988
Hans Rosling, physician and statistician, 1948-2017

Rosling, who has died aged 68, was the closest thing statisticians had to a rock star. His most famous talk, 2006’s The Best Stats You’ve Ever Seen, has been watched online more than 11m times. Its ambitious scope and sweeping narrative epitomised Rosling’s ability to rise above the ebb and flow of current affairs and see generational trends.

It led him to conclude that on most measures of human progress — the impact of climate change being a notable exception — most countries were improving rapidly.

Public perceptions had not kept up with the pace of economic and demographic development and much of the media was hobbled by its adherence to false balance, he said. The world is discussed in terms of feelings and ideologies rather than as an area of knowledge, he once told the Financial Times.
leader  statistics  communication  science  world  data  debate  politics  ideology  optimism  explained  population 
december 2017 by aries1988
Data visualisation mistakes — and how to avoid them
If we compare the original and the rework, it is difficult to see how we are looking at the same data. Where Pakistan was previously barely noticeable, now its bias against girls becomes the standout story.

In fact, it is only by reworking the chart that we can see it is of any use at all. Many charts cannot be transformed in this way. Adopt a “fewer but better” mantra when it comes to incorporating them in reports.

With well-selected charts taking care of the key questions of “what?” and “how much?”, the text in a report can focus on the follow-on questions, such as “why?” and “so what?” By conceiving words and graphics simultaneously, reports can be restructured into readable and confident narratives. 
learn  presentation  howto  communication  graphics 
december 2017 by aries1988
La traduction dopée par l’intelligence artificielle
« Tout le monde s’est rué sur ces technologies. C’était complètement fou ! », raconte Philipp Koehn, de l’université Johns-Hopkins (Maryland), pionnier d’une technique précédente, balayée par la nouvelle venue. « Avant ces inventions, on estimait qu’il fallait un an pour progresser d’un point sur une certaine échelle de qualité. Après, en un an, les bonds, pour certaines paires de langues, ont été de près de huit points », constate François Yvon, ­directeur du Laboratoire d’informatique pour la mécanique et les sciences de l’ingénieur (Limsi-CNRS) à Orsay (Essonne). Et en août, un nouveau venu, DeepL, aussi à l’origine du dictionnaire Linguee, se targuait d’un gain de trois points supplémentaires sur la même échelle de qualité par rapport à ses concurrents.

Puis nouvel hiver dans le domaine, avec des évolutions assez lentes. Jusqu’aux secousses de l’année 2014. Trois articles, quasi simultanés, l’un de chercheurs de Google, les deux autres de l’équipe de l’université de Montréal menée par Yoshua Bengio, expliquent comment de nouveaux algorithmes promettent de tout changer. Les mots-clés ne sont plus « linguistique » ou « statistique » mais « apprentissage » et « réseaux de neurones ». Ces derniers ont été inventés dans les années 1950 et remis au goût du jour, notamment par Yoshua Bengio, pour la reconnaissance de caractères manuscrits ou l’identification ­d’objets ou d’animaux dans les images.

« Formellement, apprendre, pour ces réseaux, c’est évaluer les paramètres de cette fonction qui associe une phrase source à une phrase cible », ­résume François Yvon.
reportage  ai  translation  literature  communication  history  today 
november 2017 by aries1988
来福:肆无忌惮的删帖时代,“谣言”才是抵达真相的途径?|一周精选|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
一天之内,发布消息的微信公众号遭到轮番删帖,微博热搜榜也被删去了与此事件相关的关键词。但屏蔽机制这次并没有太奏效,事件的热度接连暴涨,人们既为北京在寒冬里驱逐的外来“低端人口”鸣不平,又为京城里连城市中产的孩子都无法逃离魔掌而感到绝望(编注:该幼儿园的学费为5500元人民币/月)。

“底层”与“中产”,此刻才强烈意识到彼此是休戚与共的命运共同体。

问题在于,我们处在一个正常的社会吗?

在一个正常的社会,当家长发现了自己的孩子身上有针孔,从她的话里得知其在学校可能被陌生人脱光衣服后,一定会报警,警方会迅速介入,控制嫌疑人,启动侦查程序;之后检察院会介入,对案件进行审查起诉,再由法院进行公平裁决,无论嫌疑人有多大背景,司法程序都可以流畅运转;媒体当然也会介入全程,发布详实可信的调查报导;待到事件落幕,整个教育系统会有针对性地启动结构性改革,同时社会组织会推动未成年性教育,使其成为重要的社会议题。

文章在标题把红黄蓝幼儿园虐童事件(以下简称“红黄蓝”事件)和江歌案相提并论,但却不提为什么江歌案事件里几乎没有媒体和自媒体被删帖,而“红黄蓝”事件中,一开始发消息的媒体报导和公众号文章,几乎全都被屏蔽了。不把删帖这个因素考虑进去,单纯地将教科书里的传播学理论拿出来套用在事件上,才是真正的“失焦”。

江歌案可以被随意讨论,那是“人民内部矛盾”,你们怎么撕都无所谓;而这次的事件之所以要“全覆盖、无死角”地删帖,那是因为这已是人民与高墙间的“敌我矛盾”——我们只能这么解读,删帖的规则在“黑盒”里,无法被看到,只能从现象反推回去分析。

此类呼声,无论初心如何,实质上都模糊了问题的真正所在,也是删帖的源头之处。不讨论不受制约的权力,转而以“疑罪从无”的司法原则去谴责沸腾的民意,并以此为接近真相的方式,大概算是中国当代一大奇观。
opinion  essay  2017  beijing  scandal  children  kid  media  communication  academia 
november 2017 by aries1988
Comment Martin Luther a inventé le buzz, 500 ans avant Internet

Il y a 500 ans, Martin Luther publiait ses 95 thèses pour dénoncer le trafic de l'Eglise catholique qui vendait littéralement des places au paradis. Mais le père de la réforme protestante ne s'attendait pas à un si grand succès médiatique. Un entretien avec son biographe en démonte les ressorts.

Beaucoup de laïcs, de gens moyennement cultivés mais qui pouvaient au moins écrire en allemand, se sont faits les diffuseurs des idées de Luther, parce qu’il leur avait apporté un message qui les réconfortait.

C’est aussi quelqu’un qui a su donner une réponse pastorale, apaisante, réconfortante, cohérente, au tourment de ses contemporains qui se demandaient vraiment : "Est-ce que je peux réussir ma mort ? Comment est-ce que ça va se passer pour moi dans l’au-delà ?"

Ce que Luther a compris, c’est qu’il y avait un certain nombre de questions que l’on pouvait traiter dans de petits écrits destinés à un large public et rédigés en allemand. Et cela, ses adversaires ne l’ont pas compris d’emblée.

un bon nombre de clercs et de laïcs se sont mis à leur tour à écrire, à publier ce qu’on appelle des feuilles volantes, des Flugschriften, de petits écrits imprimés, dans lesquels ils exprimaient la manière dont eux avaient compris les idées de Luther. Donc ils se sont faits en quelque sorte des démultiplicateurs des écrits de Luther, et ça, c’est tout à fait nouveau à cette époque.
deutsch  media  communication  mass  religion  zeitgeist  middle-age  leader  movement  europe  history  explained  mentality  question  death  life  bio  book  français 
november 2017 by aries1988
Aerodynamics For Cognition | Edge.org
By studying how birds fly and the structure of their wings, you can learn something important about aerodynamics. And what you learn about aerodynamics is equally relevant to then being able to make jet engines.                                 

The kind of work that I do is focused on trying to identify the equivalent of aerodynamics for cognition. What are the real abstract mathematical principles that constrain intelligence? What can we learn about those principles by studying human beings? 

We already do this to some extent. If you’ve ever used the strategy of gamification, where you’re using an app or something that gives you points for completing tasks, or if you make a to-do list and you get satisfaction from checking things off, what you’re doing is essentially using this external device as a mechanism for changing the environment that you’re in.

What machine-learning algorithms do when they're solving this problem is recognize that the thing you should be doing is exploring more when you first arrive in the city and exploiting more the longer you are in the city. The value of that new information decreases over time. You're less likely to find a place that is better than the places you've seen so far, and the number of opportunities that you're going to have to exploit that knowledge is decreasing.

My colleague Alison Gopnik, who has been pursuing this, has a hypothesis about cognitive development. When we look at children, that variability and randomness that we see is exactly a rational response to the structure of the problems they're trying to solve. If they're trying to figure out what are the things in their environment that they will most enjoy, then putting everything in their mouth is a pretty good strategy in terms of maximizing their exploration.

In the first half of the 20th century, it was disreputable to try to study how the mind works because minds were things that you never saw or touched or intervened on. What you could see was behavior and the environment that induces that behavior, so the behaviorist psychologists said, "Let's get rid of the mind. Let's just focus on these mappings from environment to behavior." That's where a lot of behavioral data science is. If I show you this, then you click on this. If you've seen these webpages, then you're likely to go to this webpage. It's a very behaviorist conception of what underlies the way that people are acting.

In Australia, in the last year of high school, you have to make a decision about what you want to study at university. It was 1994, I was sixteen years old, and I had no idea what I wanted to do. I knew that I liked math, but I certainly didn't want to make a commitment to doing that for the rest of my life. I said, "Okay, I'll study the things that we don't know anything about—philosophy, psychology, anthropology." That was what I went to university to do.

One of the ways in which human beings still outperform computers is in being able to solve problems of reasoning about why you did the thing you did, what you're going to do next, what the underlying reasons were behind things that you did.

We as human beings are used to being surrounded by intelligent systems whose thoughts are opaque to us. It's just that normally those intelligent systems are human beings.
ai  thinking  research  human  interaction  communication  motivation  consciousness  brain  maths 
october 2017 by aries1988
The unexpected benefits of getting lost in translation | Aeon Ideas
Applying the noisy-channel idea to understanding L2 speakers, we can think of the errors in non-native English as a noisier language model than a native-speaker model. Listeners expect more errors and are therefore more likely to think that L2 speakers mean something sensible when they say something implausible. But if a native speaker says something nonsensical, listeners are more likely to take them literally, because they know their language model has less noise. Kissinger was advising Huffington that, given her accent, listeners would likely give her the benefit of the doubt.
fun  research  language  gaijin  accent  moi  communication 
october 2017 by aries1988
How to Disagree

Counterargument is contradiction plus reasoning and/or evidence. When aimed squarely at the original argument, it can be convincing. But unfortunately it's common for counterarguments to be aimed at something slightly different. More often than not, two people arguing passionately about something are actually arguing about two different things. Sometimes they even agree with one another, but are so caught up in their squabble they don't realize it.

There could be a legitimate reason for arguing against something slightly different from what the original author said: when you feel they missed the heart of the matter. But when you do that, you should say explicitly you're doing it.

To refute someone you probably have to quote them. You have to find a "smoking gun," a passage in whatever you disagree with that you feel is mistaken, and then explain why it's mistaken. If you can't find an actual quote to disagree with, you may be arguing with a straw man.

The most obvious advantage of classifying the forms of disagreement is that it will help people to evaluate what they read. In particular, it will help them to see through intellectually dishonest arguments. An eloquent speaker or writer can give the impression of vanquishing an opponent merely by using forceful words. In fact that is probably the defining quality of a demagogue. By giving names to the different forms of disagreement, we give critical readers a pin for popping such balloons.

If moving up the disagreement hierarchy makes people less mean, that will make most of them happier. Most people don't really enjoy being mean; they do it because they can't help it.
discussion  analysis  communication  argument  debate  howto  instapaper_favs 
september 2017 by aries1988
There’s a big problem with AI: even its creators can’t explain how it works

In 2015, researchers at Google modified a deep-learning-based image recognition algorithm so that instead of spotting objects in photos, it would generate or modify them. By effectively running the algorithm in reverse, they could discover the features the program uses to recognize, say, a bird or building. The resulting images, produced by a project known as Deep Dream, showed grotesque, alien-like animals emerging from clouds and plants, and hallucinatory pagodas blooming across forests and mountain ranges.
ai  health  medical  cancer  problem  communication  today  human  google  art  visualization  algorithm 
april 2017 by aries1988
The curious adventures of Con and Frodo

Stickers first appeared in East Asia in 2011, developed by KakaoTalk in South Korea, and Line, a Japanese messaging app, which is owned by a subsidiary of Naver, a South Korean internet giant. When a tsunami struck Japan in 2011, Naver’s staff there huddled at the office and created Line in six weeks to communicate with each other across a network with much-reduced bandwidths.

Emoji in South Korea and Japan tend towards over-dramatisation, irony and self-mockery. They appeal not just to the young but also to middle-aged office workers looking to smooth awkward or delicate situations with bosses, colleagues and family members.

Not all stickers mean something. The pleasure in scouring sticker stores and sending new ones to friends lies partly in hunting for the zaniest sets out there and chuckling over them together.
fun  language  digital  messaging  communication  humor  asia  world  emoji 
december 2016 by aries1988
Donald Trump, the First President of Our Post-Literate Age

The easiest way to grasp the difference between the written world and the oral world is that in the latter, there’s no way to look up anything. Before the invention of writing, knowledge existed in the present tense between two or more people; when information was forgotten, it disappeared forever. That state of affairs created a special need for ideas that were easily memorized and repeatable (so, in a way, they could go viral). The immediacy of the oral world did not favor complicated, abstract ideas that need to be thought through. Instead, it elevated individuals who passed along memorable stories, wisdom and good news.

platforms are fostering an emerging linguistic economy that places a high premium on ideas that are pithy, clear, memorable and repeatable (that is to say, viral).
socialnetwork  writing  speak  politics  trump  communication 
december 2016 by aries1988
Marconi forged today's interconnected world of communication | New Scientist
He may not have had Einstein's orginality, but Marconi pioneered the modern communication systems that led to cellphones and the internet

After Marconi’s death, Franklin wrote of his boss with a mixture of respect and criticism: “His scientific knowledge was weak, his engineering knowledge was weak, but he had a damned lot of intuition and common sense. He may have initiated the beam system but he didn’t know a thing about it.”
book  leader  communication  italia  engineering  radio  invention 
august 2016 by aries1988
专访|法国传播专家博达思:我如何为法国总统做大选传播_思想市场_澎湃新闻-The Paper
欧盟缺乏代言人,在过去20年的时间里,欧盟没有出现过一个有魅力的领袖。现在的政治形势下,亟需一个有魅力的、象征性的欧盟主席,通过自我形象来让人们对欧盟的未来有信心,就像教宗之于天主教世界,只有这样一个领袖才能充当欧盟的拯救者,但目前并未看到堪当此任的人选。
其次,欧盟没有建立自己的传播机制。你能想到任何一句关于欧盟的口号或者一支宣传欧盟的广告吗?没有吧。欧盟没有推行过任何的传播活动来展示自己的吸引力
europe  communication 
may 2016 by aries1988
你留学或生活的国家,哪些英语表达是之前不知道的? - 安时的回答 - 知乎

谢 @黄鹤喵,我觉得在国外学习和生活带给我影响比较大的是一种“避险”Hedge (linguistics)的说话方式,以至影响了我中文的说话习惯。从事学术研究的知友可能很熟悉这一说法「什么是「坏」语言? - 拾荒少女的回答」,不过避险不仅适用于academia,也广泛用于日常交流。接下来,我们用先归纳后分析的方法来跟大家讲一讲这一种语用现象:Hedging
communication  language  expat  learn 
february 2016 by aries1988
Talk文化
几乎没有一个成年后才出国的中国人能彻底的摆脱这种冲突带来的问题 —— 比如中国员工在会议里
极少说话,有的人说话很多,但非常不合礼仪,遇到不同意见,马上出现辩论心态和辩论状态,
最后无论如何达不到意见统一,或者表面上同意了别人的做法,最后离开讨论会议的时候一肚子不服气。

这是一个前提。我们常常认为有些人很笨,听不懂某些东西,但老外不这样认为。某种情况下,
你总能把问题说明白,你说明白后,别人自然就听明白了;反过来,如果别人没听明白,你应该换一种
说法来说明白 —— 当然,这样说也太绝对了,只是基本思想是这样。
comparison  communication  debate  expat  mentality 
may 2015 by aries1988
When Your Punctuation Says It All (!) - NYTimes.com
So instead of responding to a text with “Cant wait!!” I’ll insert a space or two before the mark — “Cant wait !!” – for that extra little pause. Sometimes I’ll make the exclamation point a parenthetical, as a kind of after thought (“Can’t wait (!)”). A friend inserts an ellipses — “Can’t wait … !!” — so, as she puts it, “it’s less intense.”

And so we’ve begun to think our friends are angry when they respond with a period, or weird when they capitalize the starts of their sentences. We insert extra letters (“loooool,” “sooooo,” “hiiiiiiii”) — what linguists call “affective lengthening” — to convey intensity, and remove them when we want to be aloof.
language  communication 
march 2015 by aries1988
The Physical Exam as Refuge - NYTimes.com

Countless times, I have found that it is only during the physical exam that patients reveal what is truly on their mind. Whether it is the cough that they are reminded of now that I am listening to their lungs, or whether it is the domestic violence, the eating disorder or the genital symptoms that they feel comfortable revealing once we are in a more intimate setting — there is something about touch that changes the dynamic.

But then the doctor and patient move to the exam table, and everything changes. This is often the first moment that they can talk directly, without the impediment of technology. They are physically closer to each other, actually touching. This is an intimacy, albeit of the nonromantic type, but an intimacy nonetheless. And all intimacies have an effect of changing the dynamics of the interaction. Obviously, there is a risk of changing for the worse, but in my experience it is almost always a change for the better. Once a doctor and patient are at the exam table, touching, talking without the computer between them, conversation of a different sort is possible.
doctor  people  temoignage  body  medicine  opinion  psychology  human  communication  practice 
october 2014 by aries1988
Email Is Still the Best Thing on the Internet - Technology - The Atlantic
Email is a refugee from the open, interoperable, less-controlled “web we lost.” It’s an exciting landscape of freedom amidst the walled gardens of social networking and messaging services.
communication  email  internet  today  history 
september 2014 by aries1988
Daily chart: Wordy goods | The Economist
Americans are exchanging ever more words
print's share of our communication with each other has not been squeezed as dramatically by the rise of the internet as some might think. Radio, on the other hand, has undergone a clear sharp decline. Television, too, accounts for a declining share of American media consumption.
googlereader  data  infographics  communication  media  comparison 
august 2012 by aries1988
刘原:找张圆桌,让鸡同鸭讲
各色人等若能在一个话语平台上对话,白天便可以知道夜的黑,三八线便可以从地图上抹去,无数战乱和人祸便可避免。
essay  history  communication  conflict 
march 2011 by aries1988
Should e-mails open with Dear, Hi, or Hey?
It is time we ditched "Dear..." from work e-mails, according to a US political figure, who believes it's too intimate. So what is most appropriate?
english  language  email  communication 
january 2011 by aries1988

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