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There really is no natural or right way to be a parent | Aeon Essays

Children, Bowlby said, need a secure attachment to a primary caregiver, most commonly the mother, or they will suffer dire consequences such as an inability to start and maintain social relationships or even a variety of mental illnesses.
To test the types of attachment around the world, the American-Canadian psychologist Mary Ainsworth in 1970 devised a measuring tool – the Strange Situation. A mother and baby are in the room together but, after a while, someone the baby doesn’t know (the stranger) asks the mother to leave. The baby’s reaction upon the mother’s return decides the type of attachment. The ‘securely attached’ baby cries as the mother leaves but lets herself be calmed down quickly by the stranger; she is also happy when the mother returns.

That’s why Blaffer Hrdy revised Bowlby’s notion of attachment. Children, she said, could bond with multiple caregivers throughout their lives, yet experience no added anxiety or psychological problems as a result. In fact, she remarks on one very positive aspect of modern parenting that’s available in many European countries: affordable daycare. She asks me about my own experiences, and I launch into a passionate praise of the institution after seeing my own three children thrive in Dutch daycare. I agree with her: I could not have done it by myself. So-called alloparents, whether in the form of wider family members or daycare workers, matter.

But this truth gets overlooked because ‘it doesn’t fit into the narrative of the natural’. Instead, we prefer to cherrypick our parenting approaches to feed our biases. Natural parenting has more to do with how we want to be than with how we actually are.
parenting  critic  theory  kid  emotion  debate  best 
6 days ago by aries1988
许章润:我们当下的恐惧与期待|广场|中国修宪|端传媒 Initium Media
虽说此种治安格局及其后来发展出来的“维稳”路径,反过来滋生出新的问题,暴露出政治统治正当性不足这一致命病灶,但就其提供基本治安而言,却是成功的,也是合意的。
不宁唯是,三十多年里,尤其是1992年春夏之后,执政党以经济建设为中心,所谓“专心致志谋发展,聚精会神搞建设”

中国近代史上,1894年的甲午战争与1937年抗战爆发,两度打断中国的现代进程,致使追求日常政治的努力付诸东流,中国的现代事业因而被迫延宕。今日这一波延绵将近两个世纪的大转型已到收尾时段,有待临门一脚,切切不能再因战祸而中断。倘若中断,下次历史机遇何时再来,恐伊于胡底矣。

官员讲话,本为秘书手笔,不过等因奉此,居然汇编刊行,精装亮相,全球免费赠送,徒耗纸张,令人喷饭。
2019  china  ccp  choice  critic  1989/6/4 
10 days ago by aries1988
Let a Thousand Mulans Bloom

The intention was apparently to create a mythic version of China, analogous to Black Panther’s Wakanda, but many fear a slurry of incongruous iconography devoid of meaning.

I’ve seen online criticism of this mythic approach that likens it to other examples of diaspora culture, like General Tso’s chicken, as well as jokes about how producers shouldn’t have hired set designers from Chinatown. But what underpins these quips is the idea that the diaspora has had its Chineseness corrupted by Western society, that diaspora cultures with their own real histories are no longer “authentic.”

The danger of a mythic mashup of Chinese culture is thus less that it is historically inaccurate and more that it reiterates the idea constantly pushed by the Chinese government—that there is an ancient and eternal Chinese nation-state. It turns the “One China” policy into mythology. It isn’t so much pandering that I fear but the idea of a flattering of very modern—and exclusive—ideas about Chinese identity rather than one that interrogates and reinvents them.

For all its songs and wise-cracking dragons, it also reframes Mulan’s story as one of struggling to meet parental expectations, a sense of alienation from one’s wider culture, and self-discovery in disguise, all of which resonated with the diaspora audience.

somewhere along the process the diaspora was cut out of the conversation. That’s visible in Mulan’s surname, which is now written and pronounced as Hua (Mandarin) and not Fa (Cantonese).
diaspora  chinese  american  entertainment  movie  classic  female  warrior  question  debate  disney  critic 
29 days ago by aries1988
Good and Bad Muslims in Xinjiang - Made in China Journal

if China was pursuing an anti-Muslim policy, then wouldn’t we expect it to also sweep up the Sinophone Hui Muslims in Xinjiang? Uyghurs seem to be ending up in internment camps not because they are Muslims, but because they are Uyghurs.

Muslims who conform to the stereotype of the brown-skinned Muslim. Simply put, they will not be racialised as Muslim. Similarly, we might posit that in Xinjiang the Uyghurs have become racially Muslim in ways that the Sinophone Hui have not. Their Central Asian features increasingly signify the category ‘Muslim’, that is to say, more so than they do the category ‘Uyghur’, a classification which is losing its salience at administrative levels as the promises of China’s minzu (民族) system—the national (or ethnic) rights enshrined in the constitution—fall by the wayside.

even in times of conflict, it was rare for officials to attribute anti-state or anti-Han violence to any inherent flaw in the Islamic faith. While often disparaging of non-Chinese religions, China’s intellectual tradition had no ‘Orientalist’ discourse comparable to that of the West, which furnished explanations of Muslim anti-colonial violence in terms of a congenital ‘fanaticism’.

Just as Sufism did not necessarily cultivate a pluralistic pacifism, nor was the call to return to Islam’s founding texts—the Qurʾan and the Hadith—invariably accompanied by a rigid anti-Chinese militancy.
islam  xinjiang  china  2019  policy  world  terrorism  religion  critic  comparison  han 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
香港这座城市还有救吗?
赵皓阳 大浪淘沙

我非常非常享受这种对香港同龄人、台湾同龄人智商上的降维打击,我觉得他们太蠢了,基本的历史不了解,基本的政治常识不知道,就只会喊喊口号打打鸡血。就像我这样的,随随便便就碾压他们,特别享受他们那种毫无还手之力的快感。

香港整个地方太小了,太闭塞了;而本地人又因为曾经得天独厚的地理历史因素,弥漫着一种发达过后弄弄的傲慢情绪。可以说整个地区的人都丧失了批判性与反思性,固步自封。如果抛去了香港优越的先天环境,香港年轻人(除0.1%的精英外)所受的教育和专业素养,至完全不足以在一个大市场中与大陆青年竞争的。同时香港长久以来受到西方价值观的冲击,普通民众很容易被蛊惑,上一次街,游一次行,就能获得一些虚伪的满足感,觉得自己多光荣多正义多威武霸气了,然后继续用自己的血肉去供养地产资本家,被人卖了还替人数钱还可开心呢。

人口红利,不是单纯的人多,而是能够达到工业化生产要求、能够纳入经济体系的劳动力多,这才是真正的“红利”。义务教育带来的是高素质劳动力,这个“高素质”不一定是要读到本科硕士之类,而是针对经济活动来说的。

现在社会其实有一些很不好的端倪了,国家对医疗和教育的财政支持不够,医生待遇低,用药品回扣、滥开检查来弥补;教师待遇低,优秀老师纷纷流入私立学校,而公立学校师资力量越来越弱,老师越来越混日子划水;精英子女要么出国要么去昂贵的私立学校。看看美国和日本,公立学校都是什么样子,这样下来社会更加固化,精英永远是精英,屁民就在看不起病、上不起学的泥潭里烂掉了。
2019  capitalism  hongkong  manif  politics  youth  critic  anecdote  economy  immobilier  education  feelgood 
7 weeks ago by aries1988
I.M. Pei: Establishment Modernism Lite

while we were in Kyoto together, as a thank-you for some service he had performed for the Japanese government, officials arranged at his request for a rare private viewing of one of the greatest treasures of Chinese art: Six Persimmons, a thirteenth-century ink painting by the monk Mu Qi, now stored at the Daitoku-ji temple. Knowing my love of art he invited me to join him, though he explained that we would be required to wear white gloves and stuff wads of gauze in our mouths lest we emitted any droplets of saliva if we spoke near the unframed relic. This generous gesture was typical of his genuine thoughtfulness, and when I ran into him several years later he beamed and asked, ”Remember Six Persimmons?”
critic  museum  architecture  journalist  becoming  chinese  american 
11 weeks ago by aries1988
'Game of Thrones' Lost Its Way as a Political Drama - The Atlantic

In its first half, and perhaps even for a season or two after leaving Martin’s books behind, the show trusted its audience enough to avoid allegory and the simplistic morality that comes with it. It trusted that the audience knew right from wrong, and knew that both could coexist within a character. It asked viewers to find their own messages in a series about a faux-medieval world of dragons and ice zombies—and take them or leave them as they saw fit. It would have been better if the show had ended that way.
tv  critic  2019  morality  history  fiction  writing 
11 weeks ago by aries1988
The Painful Price of Becoming Jackie Chan

The transfer was symbolically completed in 1999’s The Matrix, when Keanu Reeves, having downloaded a fighting program to his brain, opens his eyes and reverently whispers, I know kung fu.
kungfu  actor  movie  icon  hongkong  growup  bio  book  critic  pain  success  story 
january 2019 by aries1988
Damien Chazelle’s “First Man,” Reviewed | The New Yorker

Chazelle, true to the title, and more intimate in his dramatic scope than Kaufman, is consumed by the curious case of Armstrong, forsaking all others. Long before he becomes the only man on the moon, he looks like the loneliest man in America.

If Armstrong is merely a name to you, take a look at the real Neil: those broad unfazeable features, the undemanding steadiness of the gaze, and a mouth that is happy, if conditions are favorable, to curve into a smile. Now consider Gosling—the sad-eyed heartthrob, a veteran of The Notebook (2004), and a tender presence who can’t help drawing us into his plights.

Recruiting Gosling to its emotional cause, First Man proceeds on the assumption that folk who are modest in displaying their feelings, like Armstrong, must by definition be deeply repressed and taut with untold misery. But they’re not. They’re just modest.
movie  cosmos  critic  rightwing  hollywood  actor  personality  emotion  stereotype  astronaut  american 
october 2018 by aries1988
“First Man,” Reviewed: Damien Chazelle’s Neil Armstrong Bio-Pic Is an Accidental Right-Wing Fetish Object | The New Yorker

First Man is worthy of enduring as a right-wing fetish object. It is a film of deluded, cultish longing for an earlier era of American life, one defined not by conservative politics but, rather, by a narrow and regressive emotional perspective that shapes and distorts the substance of the film.

the movie doesn’t stint on the distinctive Americanism of the action onscreen (including, in a scene of Armstrong ascending from the ground to the capsule of Apollo 11 in an elevator, a point-of-view shot that reveals, majestically, the words United States painted, vertically, on the side of the very tall rocket).

In its explicit content, and by artful omission, First Man subscribes to the misbegotten political premise that America used to be greater—and that the liberating and equalizing activism of the sixties ignored, dismissed, and even undermined that greatness.
critic  movie  rightwing  astronaut  nasa  society  usa  american  hollywood  hero  family  personality  children  death  moon  opinion  1960s 
october 2018 by aries1988
Stretch Genes

the genomes of various human beings fall into several reasonably well-defined clusters when analyzed statistically, and these clusters generally correspond to continent of origin. In this statistical sense, races are real.

To Wade, the implications are big. While behavioral differences among races would surely be subtle, they can, he insists, become amplified at the level of entire societies. Slight differences in behavioral predisposition—to cooperation, aggression, trust, propensity to follow rules, and so on—probably pushed different races in directions that led to different social institutions. Indeed the seeds of difference between the world’s great civilizations were perhaps present from the first settlements.

the evolutionary psychologist Steven Pinker. (Evolutionary psychologists, while acknowledging that human behavior has a partly genetic basis, generally assume that all people share the same predispositions. They then try to explain these human universals.)

This sends Wade into paroxysms of righteous indignation and he declares that whether or not a thesis might be politically incendiary should have no bearing on the estimate of its scientific validity. What Wade doesn’t tell you is that this is what Pinker himself says in his very next sentence: The fact that a hypothesis is politically uncomfortable does not mean that it is false, but it does mean that we should consider the evidence very carefully before concluding that it is true.
book  critic  gene  human  race  biology  political  opinion  debate  society  evolution  racism 
october 2018 by aries1988
另一种历史唯物主义:被高估的黄仁宇和《万历十五年》
黄氏据以评判古代中国的标准,不仅是西方经验,也是现代经验;即是说,他的历史观是“西方中心论”加上“现代中心论”。他百用不厌的所谓“数目字管理”,就是这种史观的结穴;这个魔术化的概念似乎源自韦伯“能供计算的法治系统”一词,用以概括现代西方资本主义社会的经济体系。按照此种现代式的高标准,处于前近代技术水平的中国当然处处是缺陷,处处都有“技术”不足的问题。但责备明代没有产生“数目字管理”,不就正如批评明代没有发明飞机大炮那样肤浅吗?事实上,按“数目字管理”的标准,不仅明代中国不合格,不仅国民党中国不合格,即使前现代的西方国家也同样不合格,所有的古代社会更加不合格,则古往今来的人类文明,除去现代的欧美,就全是错误和失败的历史了。 

近代中国的失败,最关键原因不是内在的(内部帝国解体当然也是主因之一),而是外来的,与其说是由于中国文明自身的制度缺陷,不如说是由于西方文明新兴的技术优势。

他以西方和现代的双重中心论评判古代中国,认为古代史既已先验地指向近代中国的失败结局,所以凡事无不荒谬;而他又以历史目的论和历史意志论观察现代中国,相信现代史最终必将指向未来“数目字管理”的理想制度,所以凡事无不合理。

黄著最大的意义,我以为在于给读史者(尤其是初学者)提供一种异乎寻常的历史感,其历史比较出入古今、打通中外,并融入个人的历史经验,实足以引人入胜,从此角度而言,可以说他是历史学的余秋雨。不过余氏只是散文作家,其错误多属局部的史实方面,而黄氏却以史学家的身份出台,其错误又属总体的史观方面,因此才不能以文学家标准将他轻轻放过。
critic  book  historian  china  history 
october 2018 by aries1988
H-Diplo Commentary 1 on Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress | H-Diplo | H-Net
Reviewed by Nicolas Guilhot, CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

The crippling division between the natural sciences and the social sciences is a thing of the past, and economic science is now firmly established on laws that are also those commanding the development of human societies and of nature throughout history.

Science and technology also project their light into the deepest recesses of human nature: while past centuries gave credence to metaphysical speculations about the inner workings of the mind, there is now a true and materialistic science of it.

magic—“something in the nature of technology, particularly information technology, works to decouple human flourishing from the exploration of physical stuff”—but more generally the unidirectional flow of all the trends Pinker claims to map “makes it seem as if there really is a mysterious arc bending toward justice”

Pinker’s proposition that humanity is on its way to solving all the problems that have beset it since the origins of time, thanks to the global diffusion of a set of ideas that, according to him, define the Enlightenment.

any urge to interfere with the course of progress is misconceived,

There is indeed an explanation for progress and it can be captured in one sentence: “The Enlightenment has worked”

the more problematic confusion that undergirds Pinker’s narrative: his vision of what constitutes the Enlightenment is highly idiosyncratic and its connection to the historical record tenuous, to say the least. Pinker takes as intellectual pillars of the Enlightenment elements that emerged later but also, decisively, in reaction to it.

offshoots of the tradition they represent: entropy, evolution, and information.

deliberative reason, which is utterly different and in many ways opposed to the algorithmic rationality of twentieth-century economic theory,

despite paying lip-service to reason and rationalism, Pinker can admit in the same breath that most people are not rational after all

an ideological argument in favor of the status quo and against political alternatives.

It is because we see things through our own limited, cognitively biased perspective,

we should not trust people’s opinions and anything that does not look like a PowerPoint chart.

The only thing that matters is aggregate figures.

its history without historical agents and without power, in which “science,” “reason,” “capitalism” or “industrialism” dispense their benefits to an ungrateful mankind.

the marketplace of ideas will soon be flush with solutions to the problem of securing sufficient food for a growing population while diminishing the impact of agriculture on the environment:

Cognitive psychologists, behavioral geneticists, and neuroscientists could thus help “innumerate” political theorists or impaired literary scholars think better about “human nature,” which is what political theory and literature are about

Like general systems theory in the 1950s or logical positivism in the 1920s, the cognitive sciences are yet another pipe dream of unification of the social and the natural sciences, with the humanities now thrown in for good measure.

Not all important questions can be answered in such terms. Evidence is not always easy to define, nor is it always quantifiable.

Bringing the issues of life and death, war and peace, population and poverty, race and inequality into a PowerPoint-like narrative of universal and linear human progress that dispenses with the complexities of history and politics is meaningless.
critic  book  enlightenment  to:marginnote 
september 2018 by aries1988
中国人是通过汉字把握万物的
举世瞩目的2008年北京奥运会为例,其徽标为一镌刻在印章上呈跳跃人形的“京”字,名曰“舞动的北京”。这个徽标寓意如何暂且不表,其造型的蹩脚却是不言而喻的。“京”为象形字,本义是指建在高台上的建筑,因此这个字的结构特征为带有耸立感的左右对称形。奥运徽标把“京”字的下半部臆想演绎成了跑起来的两条人腿,不啻于把步辇安上轱辘改装成了板车。文不对题自然不伦不类,而汉字构成的高明之处本在于从具象到意象的转换与升华,反其道而行则只能使之矮化,这种做法本身即是庸俗化的表现。
chinese  critic  calligraphie  book 
september 2018 by aries1988
Kofi Annan’s Unaccountable Legacy
Philip Gourevitch writes about the legacy of Kofi Annan, the former United Nations Secretary-General, who has died, at the age of eighty.
critic  UN 
august 2018 by aries1988
被浪费的危机 - 火枪与账簿

中国无法在晚明主动完成现代化变迁,不是由于某种难以量化的民族性或文化传统,也不完全是因为地缘政治环境带来的竞争性压力不足,更根本的或许是因为这一变迁本身与中国社会之间存在着某种结构性冲突,从而使得围绕着新技术的活动要么未能转化为力量,要么是阻碍而非促进了国家力量的发挥。
book  critic  china  ming  technology  invention  innovation  why 
july 2018 by aries1988
Steven Pinker. Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress. New York: Viking, 2018. ISBN: 9780525427575 (hardcover, $35.00).
Reviewed by Nicolas Guilhot, CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and the
Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

The crippling division between the natural sciences and the social sciences is a thing of the past, and economic science is now firmly established on laws that are also those commanding the development of human societies and of nature throughout history.
book  enlightenment  critic 
july 2018 by aries1988
Amazon’s Brick-and-Mortar Bookstores Are Not Built for People Who Actually Read
The store’s biggest shortcoming, though, is that it is so clearly not intended for people who read regularly. I normally walk into a bookstore and shop the way a person might shop for clothes: I know what I like, what generally works for me, what new styles I might be ready to try. It was a strange feeling, on Thursday, to do laps around a bookstore without feeling a single unexpected thrill. There were no wild cards, no deep cuts, no oddballs—just books that were already best-sellers, pieces of clothing I knew wouldn’t fit me or that I already owned.
amazon  bookstore  critic 
december 2017 by aries1988
Martin Scorsese’s Strained “Silence” | The New Yorker

They hail from Portugal, although you might not immediately guess as much from their speech; should you wish to be charitable (and the movie is designed to kindle the conscience), you would describe Rodrigues’s accent as itinerant—it wanders freely between, say, Amsterdam and Trieste, seeking sanctuary where it may.

Of the two movies, Scorsese’s is infinitely the subtler and more elegantly wrought, patient and pensive where Gibson opts for pugnacity, yet Hacksaw Ridge exerts something—a basic grip on the audience, tugging at our nerves and our desire to forge ahead—that Silence cannot quite muster.

The image is doubly devotional. Scorsese is insisting on the lifelong urge to keep faith with God, but, equally, no film director can delve into a conflagration to find a single object—trusted and mislaid, though never forgotten—and not pay tribute to the end of Citizen Kane, where the sled once belonging to the young Charlie Kane is casually tossed into a furnace
movie  japan  critic  religion  director  moi 
december 2017 by aries1988
What Makes Countries Rich or Poor?

Acemoglu and Robinson, generalize from these examples of bordering countries and deduce that good institutions also explain the differences in wealth between nations that aren’t neighbors and that differ greatly in their geographic environments and human populations.

why have some countries ended up with good institutions, while others haven’t? The most important factor behind their emergence is the historical duration of centralized government.

The various durations of government around the world are linked to the various durations and productivities of farming that was the prerequisite for the rise of governments.

the reversal of fortune,

in formerly poor countries with sparse native populations, such as Costa Rica and Australia, European settlers had to work themselves and developed institutional incentives rewarding work.

In the New World the two north temperate countries (the US and Canada, average incomes respectively $47,390 and $43,270) and the three south temperate countries (Uruguay, Chile, and Argentina, respectively $10,590, $10,120, and $8,620) are all richer—on the average five times richer—than almost all of the intervening seventeen tropical countries of mainland Central and South America (incomes mostly between $1,110 and $6,970).

biological characteristics of the responsible microbes have made it easier to develop vaccines against major infectious diseases of temperate areas than against tropical diseases; we still aren’t close to a vaccine against malaria, despite billions of dollars invested.

glaciers repeatedly advanced and retreated over temperate areas, creating young nutrient-rich soils.

It costs roughly seven times more to ship a ton of cargo by land than by sea

Young fertile volcanic and alluvial soils are exceptions

inclusive institutions are required for sustained growth based on technological change.

Acemoglu and Robinson’s view of history is that small effects at critical junctures have long-lasting effects, so it’s hard to make predictions. While they don’t say so explicitly, this view suggests that good institutions should have cropped up randomly around the world, depending on who happened to decide what at some particular place and time.

In their Chapter 5, Acemoglu and Robinson use one of those exceptional patterns (that for the Fertile Crescent) to assert, in the complete absence of evidence, that those particular hunter/gatherers had become sedentary because, for unknown reasons, they happened to develop innovative institutions through a hypothesized political revolution.

They take these maps to mean that the ancestors of barley and wheat were distributed along a long arc beyond the Fertile Crescent, hence that the Fertile Crescent’s unique role in agriculture’s origins was not determined by the availability of plant and animal species.

My overall assessment of the authors’ argument is that inclusive institutions, while not the overwhelming determinant of prosperity that they claim, are an important factor.
review  critic  book  debate  economy  inequality  question  instituition  environment 
september 2017 by aries1988
Trump’s Radical Anti-Americanism
Yet what perhaps no one could have entirely predicted was the special cocktail of oafish incompetence and radical anti-Americanism that President Trump’s Administration has brought. This combination has produced a new note in our public life: chaotic cruelty. The immigration crisis may abate, but it has already shown the power of government to act arbitrarily overnight—sundering families, upending long-set expectations, until all those born as outsiders must imagine themselves here only on sufferance of a senior White House counsellor.

Autocratic regimes with a demagogic bent are nearly always inefficient, because they cannot create and extend the network of delegated trust that is essential to making any organization work smoothly. The chaos is characteristic. Whether by instinct or by intention, it benefits the regime, whose goal is to create an overwhelming feeling of shared helplessness in the population at large: we will detain you and take away your green card—or, no, now we won’t take away your green card, but we will hold you here, and we may let you go, or we may not.
trump  usa  critic  government  destiny  liberalism 
february 2017 by aries1988
李约瑟对李约瑟难题的回答 -上海书评-东方早报网

曾经高度发达的中国科学为什么没有发展出现代科学,反倒是科学发展并不领先的欧洲取得了突破,发展出了现代科学?这就是李约瑟难题,也称李约瑟之问、李约瑟之谜。

“中国礼仪之争后,大多耶稣会士被驱逐出境,中欧文化交流的正式渠道被关闭”

FRD

所谓现代科学,最为重要的内核是把理性与经验结合起来,把经受住受控实验检验的关于外在世界的假说系统化(124页),简言之,数学假说与受控实验密切结合。

中国历史上公共工程(河流控制、灌溉、运河开凿)的空间范围一再超越了个体封建诸侯或原始封建诸侯的领地界限,水利社会总是倾向于中央集权,也就是用官僚制度来统治遍布各地的‘部落’乡村(189页)。中央集权虽然有助于对某些科学领域的发展提供国家支持,但是官僚主要由儒家知识精英充当,重义轻利的价值观不仅使逐利的商人处于边缘地位,君子不器的价值观也使科学家和工匠处于附属地位,中国文明中绝不可能出现一种以商业为主导的社会秩序(183页),其结果是即使是富商人家的孩子,其唯一志向也是做官,商人阶层显然不可能获得像欧洲文艺复兴时期的商人在国家中的那种权势和影响力(27页)。

正如尘世的君主颁布了实在法让人们遵守,天界至高的理性造物主也颁布了一系列的法让矿物、晶体、动植物和星辰遵守(280页),这一源自巴比伦和希伯来的自然法传统,为基督教神学所继承,启发了诸多基督教背景的科学家去寻找上帝赋予自然的法则,促成了牛顿范式的机械宇宙观的形成,进而对现代科学的兴起发挥了相当重要的作用。与此相对的,是传统中国几乎完全没有产生过机械宇宙观,而一直秉承有机宇宙观,万物之所以能够和谐并作,并不是因为有一个外在于它们的最高权威在发布命令,而是因为它们都属于一个等级分明的整体,各个部分形成了一种有机的宇宙样式,它们服从的乃是自身本性的内在命令(309页)。

道家在未奠定牛顿式世界图景的基础之前就在摸索一种爱因斯坦式的世界图景,而科学沿着这条道路是不可能发展的(294页)。
civ  china  comparison  europe  history  science  religion  book  critic  chinese  theory  research  question  debate 
january 2017 by aries1988
Hygge: the Danish key to happiness or pseudo-wisdom?
You get the idea. Hygge, as encapsulated by the publishing industry, is a new kind of self-help fad for the money-rich and time-poor looking for quality life experiences.

It is the commodification of this essentially unassuming idea of happiness into a trend, an idea of life as a project, something to be endlessly curated and enhanced through the consumption of the one thing you haven’t got and, frankly, can’t ever have: an ideal Nordic lifestyle. This is the winter antidote to the ideal Mediterranean lifestyle that we also cannot have, the one with local food and wine on the terrace of a 15th-entury villa in Tuscany or Puglia and no work. Hygge? Save yourself the money, here’s the summary. Wear socks. Bake. Light endless candles. Don’t go out. Unless it’s nice out. In which case, do go out. With socks (leave the candles). You’re welcome.
ft  critic  book  life  dane  scandinavia 
december 2016 by aries1988
The Consuming Fervor of “Arrival”
When aliens come, how will they get here? Well, unless they are sly infiltrators of the flesh, they will probably go for the kind of boastful, get-a-load-of-us craft that was immortalized by Douglas Adams in “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.” He wrote, “The ships hung in the sky in much the same way that bricks don’t.” That was true of “Independence Day,” and it is doubly true of “Arrival,” in which a dozen mountainous ovoids—charcoal gray and rough to the touch, like a pumice stone—show up at various locations around Earth. Rather than land, the vessels suspend themselves in dignified fashion, with their tips facing downward and not quite touching the ground. Whatever their occupants want, it’s a pretty cool way to make an entrance.

what lingers, days after you leave the cinema, is neither the wizardry nor the climax but the zephyr of emotional intensity that blows through the film.
movie  scifi  critic  2016  alien 
november 2016 by aries1988
365 Drinks: #145 Tsingtao Pale Lager (China) | Route nach Unbekannte Straße
It comes in a standard 500ml bottle and smells sweet hoppy with a small not too fizzy head. The clear light yellow body already hints that it is low on alcohol and the label confirms it. The pale lager version you can get in China only has 3.1percent alcohol. I downed the bottle in about 10 minutes and it tasted sweet hoppy with a very earthy note to it. Overall an allright beer that is easy to drink but a bit boring and just too low on alcohol. I don’t want to have four 500ml beers to feel a bit tipsy. They should have sticked to the Reinheitsgebot.
tsingtao  beer  critic  drink 
august 2016 by aries1988
I Criticized the Olympics. That Doesn’t Make Me a Traitor.
In Brazil, many of us are so obsessed with how the outside world sees us that we won’t recognize our own faults.
brazil  pride  nation  critic  opinion  nationalism 
august 2016 by aries1988
一百年后,人类社会会如何评价比尔·盖茨? - Arthur Tang 的回答 - 知乎
我们可以看到,读书塑造了他的理性,无论在什么访谈节目,他并不像中国的企业家,比如柳传志,刘强东,由于生长于一个高压的,类似战争的环境中,显得十分锐利,强调”血性“和”霸气“;也不像Jobs那样有非常严重的偏执的倾向(由于童年的心理缺陷带来的自虐心理)。他生长于一个幸福的家庭,有着健全的人格(但有很多技术宅身上的毛病XDD)。他永远在不停地,不停地思考,对世界保持新鲜的态度,眼神很纯净,右边嘴角微微上扬,像教科书一样地回答问题,你可以十分清晰地感受到他是一个高度理性的人。
portrait  leader  pc  computer  critic  opinion  reading 
may 2016 by aries1988
The Sadistic Vision of “The Hateful Eight”
Anthony Lane on Quentin Tarantino’s film with Samuel L. Jackson and Jennifer Jason Leigh, and Alejandro González Iñárritu’s new movie starring Leonardo DiCaprio.
movie  critic  2015 
january 2016 by aries1988
Seeds of technology - FT.com
The screenwriter Aaron Sorkin, rid of the pious sentimentality that blighted his TV series The West Wing, doesn’t put a foot wrong here. His writing is pacy, condensed, and laugh-out-loud funny. He sees Zuckerberg as 95 per cent anti-hero and 5 per cent tragic hero. That dilution masterfully brings the film to its morally complex conclusion. As the credits roll, you are left wondering what to think. That, for a big-budget Hollywood film, is miraculous in itself.

The artist, who treads a fine line between reaching accommodation with and demanding reform from the Chinese authorities, is using Twitter to encourage mass participation in the project. “Sunflower Seeds” is, on the face of it, far from a political work. Yet it encourages expression, and active engagement on a scale that would have been inconceivable just a decade ago. This, too, feels like a work from the 21st century. It is multi-layered, revelling in its confluence of material and conceptual significance, and it feels like it can make things happen.
movie  Social  critic  social-network 
may 2015 by aries1988
The Theory of Everything — film review - FT.com
James Marsh’s biopic tells us little about Stephen Hawking that we didn’t already know.
movie  scientist  critic 
january 2015 by aries1988
The Disconnect of ‘The Interview’
In one critic’s view, “The Interview” is less about Kim Jong-un than it is a typical American bromance, a timidity that makes North Korea’s response all the more surprising.
movie  critic  humor 
december 2014 by aries1988
科学圈怎么吐槽《星际穿越》? | 科学人 | 果壳网 科技有意思
“科学方面我最大的意见是当船员抵达其他星系的时候。明明没有足够的燃料拜访所有行星,却要肉身亲自前往。这引发了船员之间的有趣讨论,因为他们要决定拜访哪颗行星、按照什么顺序。可是现实中,未来的宇航员会先架起望远镜,从远处研究行星大气。使用光谱学,他们能快速而高效低决定哪些星球的环境更适合人类居住。事实上,如果国会肯掏钱,NASA在接下来十年里就能在地球上建起这样一台望远镜——‘类地行星发现者’(TPF)。如果库帕的船员在太空船上架设一台类似望远镜,他们就不必浪费时间在头两个星球上了。当然,省去了登陆也就意味着失去了剧情最富戏剧性的几个瞬间……

“电影制作者花了很大的工夫渲染出科学上准确的黑洞,包括光的弯曲。但是他们好像忽略了多普勒效应和相对论性射束效应。吸积盘快速环绕着黑洞旋转,其中总会有些面向观察者飞来、另一些远离观察者而去,飞来的那些物质看起来应该更蓝也更亮才对。而且虽然电影展现了明亮的吸积盘,可是这些被吸过来的物质却没有显而易见的来源(比如附近的恒星)。”

吸积盘发出的光在我们看来其实是不对称的:因为灼热气体环绕黑洞的速度太快,所以假如图中气体俯视是逆时针旋转,那么左边的气体会向我们飞来,而右边的气体则会离我们而去。这张图只显示了相对论性射束效应(亮暗变化),没有显示多普勒效应(红蓝变化)。图片来源:Chris Reynolds
movie  critic  science  astro 
november 2014 by aries1988
'Interstellar': A Preposterous Epic
Indeed, a modicum of perplexity may be the price of admission: Though Interstellar is quick to cite Einstein’s theories of relativity—celebrated theoretical physicist Kip Thorne acted as a consultant and executive producer—it rarely slows down to explain how they apply.

But the scope and ambition of Nolan’s vision are refreshing in this era of safe bets, of sequels and spinoffs and franchise-hopefuls. The visuals alone are worth it: the violent whirling of a dust-hurricane on Earth; the crash of a mile-high tidal wave on a distant world; the quiet, deep-space beauty of a black hole ringed by a glowing accretion disc.
movie  critic 
november 2014 by aries1988
« Les Recettes du bonheur » : un ragoût de vieille France façon « thali »
On quittera la table de Lasse Hallström sans étoiles dans les yeux ni vraie amertume sur la langue, indubitablement nourri, et même l’estomac un peu lourd. Ces Recettes du bonheur sont à la cinéphilie ce que le chocolat Kinder est à la gastronomie : un accident de parcours sans gravité, pour peu que l’on ne récidive pas tous les jours
critic  cuisine  movie  france  world 
october 2014 by aries1988
八十年后,王子终于露出了真实嘴脸(part 3) – 《冰雪奇缘》影评
迪士尼的电影,其实八十年来都在专注贩卖同一主题:要有梦,要勇敢追梦。但是这做梦也有不同的做法,男人和女人的梦也大不相同。男孩子的梦想,1940年的迪士尼动画《匹诺曹》中概括的最为充分,那就是成长、成为一个男人。但是对等的女性梦想,却直到1989年的《小美人鱼》才出现,落后长达半个世纪之久。在此之前的女性角色,梦想都是“被男人解救”。究其原因,当然和迪士尼先生自己的社会价值观与当时的时代背景密不可分。

一个社会的风气,一个国家的发展,必定是向着更深入、更全面的民主化发展。而人类文明的走向,也必定是向着消除一切不公正歧视的目标前进,任何企图阻止这一进程的行为都不过是螳臂当车。任何企图逆转这一进程的个人,历史都要让你吃不了兜着走(想想希特勒的下场)。
disney  critic  idea  business  opinion  female  feminism  liberalism 
may 2014 by aries1988
看工科猥琐男如何改变世界 (社交网络 影评)
  这个片子是芬奇叔叔最新力作,在我看来是本年度最佳电影,没有之一,超越inception, avatar等等等等。没有炫目的特技只有漂亮的镜头,最重要的是讲了一个真正的好故事。这在我们这个时代太少见了……看电影之前我想这片子跟纪录片似地有啥好看的,开头结局不都知道了吗,可是芬奇叔就是芬奇叔,故事讲的悬念迭起一波三折,实在是好看极了。里头还有帅哥若干算是福利了……

以前年少无知的时候我曾经无数次很诧异为啥那些年轻人要这样自甘其辱的拼了老命的进入这样的地方,比如著名八卦电视剧gossip girl里面那些人心甘情愿的接受别人的颐指气使,后来才明白,在这个世界,connection太重要了。对这些人来说,要想往上走,必须要付出小小的代价,雪地里罚罚站,养个鸡什么的算啥呢,生活比这残酷多了。可是凭个人努力始终只能达到有限的地方,要突破,就要靠天才了。Mark靠自己的天才打破了这一壁垒,他显然不再在乎phoenix或者野猪。
movie  critic  youth  internet  geek 
january 2014 by aries1988
再见老白,再见,老白 (绝命毒师 第五季 影评)
看美剧看了这么多年,还从未有一个人物像老白这样在心里挥之不去的。

老白到底是谁
《绝命毒师》提出了一个非常有意思的问题:人性究竟是由他的本心,他的动机来界定的,还是由他的行为界定?
critic  tv 
december 2013 by aries1988
The Flowers of War – Caixin Online (Today’s China Readings May 6, 2012)
Zhang Yimou's latest film compels audiences to consider the extraordinary influence of the state in the Chinese film industry
http://www.instapaper.com/read/280036627
chinese  movie  critic 
august 2012 by aries1988
Book Review: The Price of Civilization - WSJ.com
Mr. Sachs is more accurate when he argues that economics is not merely about making money. It must serve the higher cause of human well-being and moral development. He is right to dislike the greed and vulgarity that can accompany bourgeois life. But he is wrong to attribute these phenomena to capitalism uniquely. Discord and imperfection arise from human nature. The question is how they can be contained and redirected. Capitalism, together with our moral traditions, has long offered a solution consistent with individual freedom. Mr. Sachs's approach does not.
future  critic  crisis  usa  book  capitalism 
august 2012 by aries1988
人最大的痛苦就是心灵没有归属_柴静_新浪博客
“西方的报纸上总是着眼于中国的巨大变化和政治的东西,但是根据我的所见所闻,这个国家最大的焦虑却是极度个体化,极度内在化的”-------何伟《寻路中国》 http://www.instapaper.com/read/214489140
zeitgeist  critic  china  reading 
august 2012 by aries1988
也來湊個熱鬧
帝国最后的荣耀的评论 5

对这段历史的了解仅停留在高中历史课本上对李舜臣生平的淡淡几笔,所以不好说本书的分析和观点怎样怎样。
作者有几点值得推崇:1、对数据和史料不厌其烦的考据。过去了的事情,唯一留下的证据就是被当时的人记下来的数字,本书不仅细致地列了很多数字,让我这种不了解历史的人产生一种确信感,还结合多方记录作了对比,作者试图展现真实的诚意很让人感动;2、对人物心理的剖析,让读者看着很爽快。分析历史人物心理貌似是件轻松的事,但要分析得让人觉得不是作者在自作主张肆意揣测是很不简单的。本书结合史料中的人物对话以及实打实的数据,把当时人的心理体现得有血有肉;3、叙述语言诙谐而不失庄重。描写历史最好的是平淡如水的语气,显得比较客观冷静,但以一定的立场赋予感情色彩,突出重点,更易让读者融入情境,印象深刻,在注重文学性的同时又必须凸显历史的凝重,不能让历史作品变得轻佻,我觉得这方面本书作者做到了。
最深刻的印象就这几点,对亲王的书一向很有好感也没什么能批判的。最后,天朝威武~
reading  china  history  japan  critic 
august 2012 by aries1988
《十三钗》:谢绝思考的痛感
读了《贝尔、张艺谋谈》一文,我认为,张艺谋是中国最优秀的导演之一,这是事实。在电影美学上,他的“后现代主义式”的色彩运用,尽管也受到一些批评,但其鲜明的个人风格使他在中国导演中独树一帜。张艺谋在中国电影史上的地位已经无法消抹了。不过,这不代表我喜欢他的每一部作品。
http://www.instapaper.com/read/340826092
critic  china  movie  ethic 
january 2012 by aries1988
闾丘露薇《不分东西》读后
著名电视媒体人闾丘露薇的新书《不分东西》于今年年初出版发行,从我目前了解到的信息来看,读者对这本书的评价很高。其实我对闾丘露薇的了解和很多人一样,源于她在2003年伊拉克战争报道中的出色表现,可以说,她当时的表现让很多男记者都自惭形秽。于是,“战地玫瑰”的称号也伴随她至今。
本书正文分为两个部分,第一部分是“偏见的形成”,开篇就论及“偏见是怎样来的?”,以一个“fake white house reporter”(冒牌白宫记者)的趣事来开展叙述,然后又用一个在Twitter上名为“德国之声”的记者的事例和“fake white house reporter”相比较,而比较的核心就是这两个记者对于中国事务的报道视角,紧接着导出“偏见”这一中心问题,同时,积极跟进自己对此的解释和看法。
book  chinese  society  critic 
april 2011 by aries1988
“以邻为壑”
再有三天,日本这场史无前例的连环灾害将满月,但在看到几丝若隐若现的曙光后,事态似又在向更坏的方向坠落。《北京日报》今天发表头条评论,分析邻国“核事故应对乏力”的根源:“在政治为资本服务的制度设计下,人们在核危机面前都难以看到民选政府对企业强有力的督促、监管、问责,也看不到对民众公开透明、极度负责的态度,政治制度在财阀资本面前的低眉顺眼可见一斑。”
china  japan  critic  report  crisis  nuclear 
april 2011 by aries1988
200多年前的一个英国人就看透了中国
“中国人没有宗教,如果说有的话,那就是做官。”
china  critic  chinese  zeitgeist 
march 2011 by aries1988

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