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被遗忘的冷战铁幕:苏台德
匈牙利的马扎尔人把自己塑造成来自中亚草原的民族。每一个匈牙利教师都在向学生描绘着马扎尔人的迁徙史和他们的故乡。当学生被这种浪漫的乡愁所打动,他们当中的很多人真的踏上了走向亚洲的道路,比如布达佩斯的犹太人斯泰因,他一直走到了敦煌。

1938年曾在慕尼黑被迫向希特勒妥协的捷克总统爱德华·贝奈斯决心从根本上解决捷克斯洛伐克的民族问题,他的选择就是《贝奈斯法》。根据二战后的《贝奈斯法》,捷克斯洛伐克共和国把国内第二大民族的德意志人全部没收财产、驱逐出境。两百多万德意志人被赶出捷克来到德国后,捷克真的成了一个民族国家。也正是在他们离去的背影里,铁幕无声地降下。横亘在这些被驱逐者和故乡之间的就是这条被遗忘的“冷战的静谧边界”。

捷克和德国之间的这条边界北到瓦尔德萨森、南到帕绍。在很多时候,这条边界看起来和东西德国之间、东西柏林之间的分界线没什么两样。

对一个美国知识分子来说,即使是在中欧这样的多民族地区,民族国家依然被看作是最理想的选择。希特勒固然令人厌恶,但他们也不反对《贝奈斯法》,况且《贝奈斯法》还是以“反纳粹”这个名义下制定出来的。

即使西方的经济起飞让他们当中的很多人改善了自己的处境,但故乡依然是难以忘却的。“在柏林看不到一座像家乡的山”,他们开着汽车或租用大巴回到这条遍布山峦和森林的边界,目的只是看一看自己的家。他们甚至靠捐款在边界的西侧修建了眺望塔,那里站得更高,像是登上了蒂伦高耸的山峰。

在这条边界上,铁幕战胜了他们,等待着他们的只能是忘记自己的过往,也最终被别人遗忘。
ww2  nation  state  ethnic  deutschland  coldwar  nostalgia  population  czech  book 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
Neuer Windatlas für Baden-Württemberg vorgestellt
Plus précisément: dans l'ancien atlas des vents, les emplacements par exemple de 5,5 m / s en moyenne annuelle (hauteur du moyeu de 140 m) étaient considérés comme appropriés. Les emplacements avec une densité éolienne moyenne d’au moins 215 W / m2 (hauteur du moyeu 160) devraient être considérés comme appropriés dans le nouvel Atlas. Cela correspond - converti à l'ancienne base d'imposition - à une vitesse annuelle moyenne du vent de 5,65 m / s à 5,9 m / s à 160 m au-dessus du sol. Cette nouvelle valeur d'orientation pour les zones appropriées - au moins 215 W / m2 - est recommandée comme base future pour l'évaluation par les autorités de planification et les autorités.

Le nouvel atlas éolien a coûté environ 218 000 euros.
mtd  deutschland  eolien 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
The good war? - History Extra
Peter Hitchens challenges a number of popular beliefs about the Second World War
ww2  myth  historian  history  deutschland  uk  leader  opinion 
november 2018 by aries1988
What Happens When a Bad-Tempered, Distractible Doofus Runs an Empire? | The New Yorker

About a decade ago, I published “George, Nicholas and Wilhelm: Three Royal Cousins and the Road to World War I,” a book that was, in part, about Kaiser Wilhelm, who is probably best known for being Queen Victoria’s first grandchild and for leading Germany into the First World War. Ever since Donald Trump started campaigning for President, the Kaiser has once again been on my mind—his personal failings, and the global fallout they led to.

Wilhelm’s touchiness, his unpredictability, his need to be acknowledged: these things struck a chord with elements in Germany, which was in a kind of adolescent spasm—quick to perceive slights, excited by the idea of flexing its muscles, filled with a sense of entitlement.
deutschland  history  ww1  leader  personality  disaster  war  book  trump 
november 2018 by aries1988
The end of the First World War - History Extra
As we approach the centenary of the armistice, Gary Sheffield explores the final moments of the conflict that devastated the world for four and a half years
ww1  comparison  deutschland  uk  france  war  why 
november 2018 by aries1988
愤怒的民族,暴躁的皇帝:威廉二世与德意志帝国的战争之路

拿破仑的外交大臣瘸子塔列朗有一句名言,那天他看着一位战场上的英雄,拄着拐杖大踏步走向拿破仑皇帝,于是对身边的人说他只是生理上瘸,而我则是心理和生理上都瘸。
deutschland  king  war  bio 
october 2018 by aries1988
被忽视的历史拐点:德国占领“胶州湾”
1888年,威廉二世即位。此时的德国,资本主义发展强劲,成为欧洲新霸主,其影响力超过法国。威廉二世的政策也就由先前的“欧洲强权”转为“世界强权”,不再满足于欧洲霸主地位,期待在世界发挥更大作用。

位于山东半岛东南岸的胶州湾一处。它的缺点是位于大陆上,因此占领之后容易与中国发生纠纷;不过在山东的德国天主教会一定会给予有效的保护和支援。而且还有一个情况是,只有当已有铁路网集中在那里的时候,胶州湾才能在商业上有价值。胶州湾的优点也很明显,德国海军部认为,胶州的海港是宽畅的,且几乎对各个方向都能避风;缺点是其太偏北,冬季不是不冻港。德国外交部及前驻中国公使巴兰德、现任公使绅珂都认为胶州湾是值得推荐的一个地点,且获取交涉也比较容易,因为只需与中国政府打交道。

向中国驻俄公使许景澄作同样表示,并且要向中国公使特别强调:“即从中国的观点上看来,一个强大的德国舰队在中国领海内将是何等有益;因为它将对其他国家的势力造成一个均势,因而对维持东亚平衡颇有贡献。”

对许景澄的回答,马沙尔解释道:“英有香港,法有东京,德无之。且俄舰已有海口度冬矣。”

许景澄继续解释:“俄系暂泊在水,不再陆。借地则失自主权。”

金楷理坦率表示,他以“德人资格”对拉度林所说的这些话,“完全与他中国官员的职务相符合”,这样的占领不仅于德国有利,“而且对中国本身也有利,因为中国所遇到其他列强的贪得无厌将因德国海军力量的存在,远东均势的维持而得到保障。”为求做到这点,故必须有一个船只能自由停泊和自由行动的海港,而且德国商业能从这个海港得到保护。金楷理对拉度林表示,他今天所说的这些意思,中国公使许景澄完全明白,但是许景澄“没有勇气照这个意思在北京方面去做”。
qing  diplomacy  disaster  deutschland  history  1890s  shandong 
september 2018 by aries1988
L’Allemagne est-elle démunie face à l’extrême-droite ? — Du grain à moudre
durée : 00:40:15 - par : Hervé Gardette - Les manifestations anti-migrants se succèdent depuis plus d’une semaine à Chemnitz, en Allemagne. Face à l’émergence d’un discours raciste décomplexé, les autorités semblent avoir été prises de cours. Comment l’Allemagne peut-elle endiguer cette montée de l’extrême-droite ? - réalisé par : Alexandre Fougeron
deutschland  nation  origin  france  today 
september 2018 by aries1988
酱油膏(选自《台湾味道》)

好酱油回味悠长,“酱油宴”之后的翌晨,我犹感觉那酱油膏的香气缠绵在口舌间。它的味道强烈,有时还透露出严厉的表情;然而强烈中又不乏细腻,品尝它,仿佛品尝大地的精华:嘉南平原的沃土和气候,浊水溪甘美的泉水。它是法文“风土”(terroir )的具体表现,也令我对台湾的酱油工艺学充满期待。
taiwan  food  soja  sauce  moi  nostalgia  deutschland  porc 
july 2018 by aries1988
Twitter
想起这部我最早看过也是最喜欢的漫画,幽默风趣又温馨感人,很难想象这是一部诞生于纳粹统治巅峰时期的漫画,之前去德国还专门去了作者的故乡,他因为反纳粹被判处颠覆国家政权罪而死,年仅41岁。我觉得这是人生必看书之一。
father  nazi  son  cartoon  humor  deutschland  moi  book 
july 2018 by aries1988
East Frisia - Wikipedia
Tea

A cup of East Frisian tea with cream
In an otherwise coffee drinking country, East Frisia is noted for its consumption of tea and its tea culture. Strong black tea is served whenever there are visitors to an East Frisian home or other gathering, as well as with breakfast, mid-afternoon, and mid-evening. Tea is sweetened with kluntjes, a rock candy sugar that melts slowly, allowing multiple cups to be sweetened.[6] Heavy cream is also used to flavour the tea. The tea is generally served in traditional small cups, with little cookies during the week and cake during special occasions or on weekends as a special treat. Brown rum, mixed with kluntjes and left for several months, is also added to black tea in the winter. The tea is alleged to cure headaches, stomach problems, and stress, among many other ailments.
mtd  deutschland  tea  region  culture 
june 2018 by aries1988
Another Failed ISIS Attack

ISIS hates Christians less than it hates most non-ISIS Muslims, and the things it hates about Christmas are hardly the aspects of the holiday that find expression in advertisements in the Port Authority, which are more likely to be selling Rockettes tickets than to be stressing the corporeality of a triune God. Yes, ISIS hates Christmas. But they hate everything else Americans do, too.

For now, the Christmas tradition looks just as it did before ISIS, with ISIS-proscribed pleasures like pork sausage and mulled wine, both freely enjoyed in mixed company. The war on Christmas continues, but so does Christmas itself, on both sides of the Atlantic.
isis  christmas  explained  deutschland  market 
december 2017 by aries1988
The Interpreter Friday, December 1, 2017: The Problem With Political Quarantines
In some countries, including France and Germany, mainstream political parties practice so-called “cordon sanitaire” politics, in which they agree to work together to keep far-right politicians in a sort of political quarantine. They won’t allow the far right into political coalitions, or work with it on joint legislation.
opinion  idea  politics  election  democracy  deutschland  france  europe  2017 
december 2017 by aries1988
How Martin Luther has shaped Germany for half a millennium

Start with aesthetics. For Luther this was, like everything else, a serious matter. He believed that Christians were guaranteed salvation through Jesus but had a duty to live in such a way as to deserve it.

Ostentation was thus a disgraceful distraction from the asceticism required to examine one’s own conscience. The traces of this severity live on in Germany’s early 20th-century Bauhaus architecture, and even in the furniture styles at IKEA (from Lutheran Sweden).

The Swiss Protestants John Calvin and Huldrych Zwingli viewed music as sensual temptation and frowned on it. But to Luther music was a divinely inspired weapon against the devil. He wanted believers to sing together—in German, in church and at home, and with instruments accompanying them. Today Germany has 130 publicly financed orchestras, more than any other country. And concerts are still attended like sermons, sombrely and seriously.

Germany, the world’s 17th-most populous country, has the second-largest book market after America’s. After he translated the Bible into German, Luther wanted everyone, male or female, rich or poor, to read it. At first Protestants became more literate than Catholics; ultimately all Germans became bookish.

To Luther, Christians were already saved, so wealth was suspect. Instead of amassing it, Christians should work for their community, not themselves. Work (Beruf) thus became a calling (Berufung). Not profit but redistribution was the goal. According to Gerhard Wegner, a professor of theology, this “Lutheran socialism” finds secular expression in the welfare states of Scandinavia and Germany.
deutschland  deutsch  leader  religion  reform  anniversary  protestant  comparison  music  legacy  culture  society  mentality 
november 2017 by aries1988
Interview with Emmanuel Macron: 'We Need to Develop Political Heroism' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International

Nothing here should become habitual, because routine lends one a deceptive feeling of security. You begin not noticing certain things and lose your focus on what's important. Uncertainty and change keep you attentive.

It is a place laden with history. The emperors spent time here, Napoleon I and Napoleon III. In the Fourth Republic, it was the palace of a president without powers. Only in the Fifth Republic did Charles de Gaulle move back in.

Germany is different from France. You are more Protestant, which results in a significant difference. Through the church, through Catholicism, French society was structured vertically, from top to bottom. I am convinced that it has remained so until today.

France is a country of regicidal monarchists. It is a paradox: The French want to elect a king, but they would like to be able to overthrow him whenever they want.

I am a strong believer that modern political life must rediscover a sense for symbolism. We need to develop a kind of political heroism. I don't mean that I want to play the hero. But we need to be amenable once again to creating grand narratives. If you like, post-modernism was the worst thing that could have happened to our democracy. The idea that you have to deconstruct and destroy all grand narratives is not a good one. Since then, trust has evaporated in everything and everyone.

I am putting an end to the cronyism between politics and the media. For a president, constantly speaking to journalists, constantly being surrounded by journalists, has nothing to do with closeness to the people. A president should keep the media at arm's length.
interview  français  deutschland  newspaper  2017  macron  democracy  europe  politics  france  state  president  opinion  comparison  protestant  society  hierarchy  narrative  post  modernity  trust  media  idea  reform  heroism 
october 2017 by aries1988
A Rathmannsdorf, dans la Saxe, on vote pour l’extrême droite « parce qu’il y a trop d’étrangers »
La candidate de l’AfD a obtenu dimanche 46, 2 % des voix dans cette commune d’un peu moins de 1 000 habitants, malgré une situation économique positive. C’est le « mal saxon ».
deutschland  deutsch  immigration  region  politics  election  2017  germany 
september 2017 by aries1988
访谈|顾彬:宋朝是近代的开始 | 东方历史评论 - 历史的,批评的,审美的

按照德国汉学中国的古代到了秦朝结束。官员慢慢代替封建的代表帮助皇帝。汉朝是一种过程, 从古代到中世纪。中世纪 (220—907)是一个贵族时代。宋朝是一个官员时代。因此那里开始近代。欧洲很晚才有官员能代替贵族。

德国汉学界把中国历史分得跟中国汉学家不一样。原因是我们对封建社会的理解有很大不同。宋朝没有贵族。当时的社会是一个以官员为主的。哲学是一个民主化的,因为君子不再是统治者的意思,现在有人的意义。谁都可以作为君子。宋、元朝慢慢出现银行、纸币、养老院、医院等。
opinion  china  history  dynasty  song  comparison  deutschland  state  to:check 
june 2017 by aries1988
Norbert Elias se confronte à l’Allemagne

Les Allemands. Evolution de l’habitus et luttes de pouvoir aux XIXe et XXe siècles (Studien über die Deutschen. Machtkämpfe und Habitusentwicklung im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert), de Norbert Elias, traduit de l’allemand par Marc de Launay et Marc Joly, Seuil, « La librairie du XXIe siècle », 592 p., 35 €.

Le rêve du « Reich millénaire », l’idéal aristocratique de supériorité étendu à la masse des Allemands à travers la notion de « race », la peur du déclin et la valorisation corrélative de la force ont correspondu à l’« habitus » (ce qui dans l’individu exprime le rapport historiquement déterminé à son Etat) de bien des Allemands du temps : en effet, dans une Allemagne longtemps divisée en une multitude de petites entités, l’Etat impérial n’avait cessé de s’affaiblir depuis le Moyen Age ; et alors qu’au même moment la France et l’Angleterre se constituaient en monarchies de plus en plus puissantes et centralisées, pour les Allemands les rêves d’empire paraissaient plus fragiles.

Selon Norbert Elias, Nietzsche incarne au plus près, avant Hitler, cette peur allemande de la décomposition qui mène à la haine du faible et à l’exaltation du fort. Une autre facette de la haine de soi.
history  deutschland  deutsch  civ  ww2  ww1  society  zeitgeist  nation  philosophy  germany 
may 2017 by aries1988
L’Allemagne se trompe : « Il ne s’agit pas pour elle d’aider la France, mais de sauver l’Europe »
Sans nier les défis économiques, politiques et sociétaux auxquels le pays fait face depuis une dizaine d’années – ni les insuffisances des réponses apportées sous les deux précédents quinquennats –, la France va mieux et elle est désormais sur une bonne pente.

Du coup, l’idée que « l’aide » de l’Allemagne serait nécessaire au succès du nouveau président est non seulement un brin condescendante mais sans doute très éloignée de la disposition d’esprit qui est la sienne. Non seulement ce dernier est-il probablement persuadé de sa capacité à redresser le pays par ses propres moyens et confiant dans la vertu « transformatrice » de sa propre élection, mais on peut supposer que son analyse le conduit à estimer que la France, pour peu que les réformes nécessaires soient menées à bien, peut réussir durablement dans une zone euro dont les critères de stabilité seraient inchangés.

Une analyse que confirment les évolutions de longue durée : si « décrochage » franco-allemand il y a eu depuis 2009, ce n’est pas vraiment le cas à l’aune des vingt-cinq ou trente dernières années, le ratio économique entre les deux pays (mesuré en termes de PIB comparés) étant resté grosso modo équivalent depuis la réunification allemande.
france  deutschland  economy  europe  today  future  opinion  euro  germany 
may 2017 by aries1988
How I Learned Japanese: The Freedom of the Non-Native Speaker

I was taken by an aunt to an ethnological museum, and there among the exhibits was a scroll painted with the Chinese character for sheep: 羊. I can still remember vividly the impression it made on me.

I was drawn to the beauty of this new way of writing, so different from the German alphabet, which struck my childish mind as unnecessarily longwinded and cumbersome. I loved the idea of each symbol conveying a single concept, or a whole world. And I loved how quickly the characters could be written. (Sometimes I tried writing the character for sheep and spelling out the word out in German and timing myself to see which took longer.) The fact that it was possible to write a whole word in such a small space impressed me as extremely practical and rational. This might sound like a typically “German” way of thinking about things. But I had made up my mind: One day I would learn how to write these wonderful characters myself.

On TV, the on-screen text “subtitles” that are such a characteristic of Japanese television were a great help, whether I was watching the news or one of the light entertainment programs. Watching television turned out to be a great way of learning how a word was pronounced and how it was written.

I wrote my blog for five years. It changed my life massively, not just by improving my Japanese, but by allowing me to discover something more fundamental—the joy of writing. Japanese has lots of words to express emotional concepts that we don’t have in German. For some reason, I feel these expressions match my personality. My sense for Japanese might not be quite the same as a Japanese person’s. But conversely, I have come to feel that as a foreign-language user of the language, I am free to use Japanese in a free way that might not be possible for a native speaker.
gaijin  language  learn  story  life  deutschland  kanji 
march 2017 by aries1988
外刊扫描|“战争认识”:日本人迟迟不愿正视历史?
1931年的满洲事变、1937年的日中战争以及1941年的太平洋战争,在中国往往被看成一个整体来作评判。而在日本,它们之间的界限被明确、刻意地区分开来。1937年开始的日中战争被看成亚洲内部战争,在亚洲战场上同欧美展开的是人种战争,与苏联则是意识形态之争,除此之外还有自存自卫、亚洲解放等等各种各样的解释。在对日本本国国民的舆论调查中,认为太平洋战争是侵略战争的占52%,认为资源匮乏而不得已向他国采取军事行动,为了生存而战的占45%,认为太平洋战争美日双方都有责任的占56%。

日德之间存在着主体选择的差异。日本认为,德国在纳粹统治时期,当时的国民对政策决定的积极赞同和强烈支持不同,日本在发动战争时,大部分的国民在当时环境下只有顺从,却要承担起战争时期不断的空袭以及原子弹攻击这样的后果。普通的日本民众无法接受,受害者意识油然而生。对于德国来说,纳粹以及支持纳粹上台的德国民众理应承担战争全责,而日本真正应该承担责任的是旧日本军,特别是陆军。

教科书塑造了普通大众最基本的历史认识。教科书中所书写的历史,也往往被当做常识。在学校教育中,每每涉及到各自国家的历史,同时也意味着他要肩负着传达政治正确的重任。各国的历史教科书分别记述了各自不同的历史观,若非亲身处在全球商业和社交聚会中,面对不同文化的冲击,否则自身很难会发现这一点。

1949年后的中国继承了民国时期对抗战的评价话语,长时间受到革命史观的熏陶。而临海的日本,关于这场战争的历史认识随着战后思想的改变而不断变换。这种历史认识的差异成为中日两国民众频频产生误解的主因。
japanese  ww2  opinion  comparison  american  history  textbook  school  deutschland  china  conflict  question 
november 2016 by aries1988
The history man: how Saul Friedländer told his own story

But when he began working on Nazi anti-Semitism in the early 1960s, little had been written on it, and it was not regarded as an entirely respectable subject either in West Germany or in Israel. Where Memory Leads offers a close-to-the-ground view of the debates, scholarly and less scholarly, that erupted in both countries from the Auschwitz trials of 1963-65 to the so-called Historians’ Battle of the late 1980s. It is a powerful reminder of just how much intellectual labour was required in West Germany to get the country to where it is today, the most historically self-aware democracy in the world. But engaging with Nazism was no simple matter for Israeli historians either, especially after 1967. The founders of the new state wanted to turn their back on a European past of victimhood and celebrate the virile heroes of the war of independence. They did at first not take kindly to Friedländer’s insistence that this too was part of the country’s past, and it took time before the political elite became as comfortable as it is today invoking the memory of the Holocaust.
holocaust  intelligentsia  book  thinking  isreal  jewish  question  deutschland  ww2  leader  germany 
november 2016 by aries1988
(4) Darrell Francis's answer to Why are the names for 'German' in English and German so different? - Quora
those outside of the Germanic-speaking world didn't use the word diutisc. Instead, they would collectively refer to all the German people by the name of the Germanic tribe they had the most contact with.
deutsch  deutschland  explained  history  europe  germany 
july 2016 by aries1988
The New Europeans
Graf von Rechberg is an interesting man. He invited asylum seekers into his home for dinner, but he held an almost apocalyptic view of their presence in Germany. Many of them, he predicted, would come to live in Muslim-majority ghettos like those in Paris, where they don’t do anything, don’t work and then watch some stupid Internet films, and then some will carry out terrorist attacks, he said. I can’t change that. I can only accept it, and that will be our future.
reportage  deutschland  people  immigration  immigrant  story  bayern  germany  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988
Germany on the Brink
In the German case the important number here isn’t the country’s total population, currently 82 million. It’s the twentysomething population, which was less than 10 million in 2013 (and of course already included many immigrants). In that cohort and every cohort afterward, the current influx could have a transformative effect.
immigration  opinion  population  deutschland  crisis  female  germany 
january 2016 by aries1988
You are what you speak: How your mother tongue shapes you
If a language controls its speakers, not vice versa, that might help explain some uniquely German diseases, Japanese emotions, and national stereotypes
language  body  culture  story  deutschland  germany 
january 2016 by aries1988
Germany, Refugee Nation - The New York Times
Throughout the extraordinary process that has seen roughly one million refugees arrive in Germany this year, Chancellor Angela Merkel has had a consistent refrain: “Wir schaffen das” — “We can do this.” The gesture in question is the most extraordinary redemptive act by any European nation in many years.

Merkel’s place in the history books was already assured. She was the woman who over a decade steered a united Germany to a self-assurance striking for a country that, even at the turn of the century, was still uncertain if it could allow itself a modicum of pride. But with her decision this year to admit Syrian and other refugees, she has become a towering European figure, certainly the equal of such postwar German giants as Konrad Adenauer, Helmut Schmidt and Helmut Kohl — perhaps even surpassing them because her Germany is its own master whereas theirs was still under degrees of American tutelage.

One million refugees change the landscape. They are in supermarkets. They are in hospitals. They are in schools. Germans have been accepting, despite the huge cost. A far-right party may benefit, but the consensus is this had to be done.

As a result, over the next generation, Germany will become a stronger, more vital, more dynamic, more open country. Abdulfattah Jandali, a Syrian immigrant known as John, was the biological father of Steve Jobs. Perhaps a future Syrian-German Jobs has just entered school.
deutschland  deutsch  future  immigration  opinion  2015  germany 
december 2015 by aries1988
FT2015年度人物:默克尔 - 头版 - FT中文网
默克尔知道德国五分之一的人口是第一代或者第二代移民,她正在推动这个国家增强包容性。《世界报》(Die Welt)政治编辑托马斯•施密德(Thomas Schmid)表示,她在寻求一个“崭新、不同、更丰富多彩、越来越不同质化和相当粗犷的共和国。”
deutschland  2015  germany 
december 2015 by aries1988
Miniatur Wunderland *** official video *** largest model railway / railroad of the world
The official video about Miniatur Wunderland Hamburg, the largest model railway in the world, and one of the most successful tourist attractions in Germany. ...
deutschland  idea  train  model  transport  airplane  fun  travel  museum  moi  germany 
december 2015 by aries1988
Europe's Jihadists: What the Paris Attacks Tell Us about IS Strategy - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Olivier Roy, a French expert on Islamism, writes in Le Monde: “Almost all French radicals belong to one of two categories: They either come from the second generation of immigrants or they are converts.” What do the two groups have in common? “They break with their parents, or, to be more precise, with that which their parents represent when it comes to culture and religion.”

The younger ones can be found a hundred meters away, hanging out in front of a food stand and a café. There are perhaps a dozen of them, in their twenties and wearing sweat suits or sarwal, the baggy pants with the low-hanging crotch that Salafists prefer. It is just before noon on a workday, but none of those present have anywhere to be.

There are many like Mohammed in France, young men who live in housing projects on the outskirts of the city. Young men who feel oppressed as Muslims and who hate the country they live in. In Germany, there are no real ghettos of the kind found in France and there is also a lack of the historical rage that some French immigrants hold for the former colonial power.

there are more than 10,000 people in France with “Fiche S” files, which means they are seen as a potential danger to the state. There may not be as many in Germany, but officials here are also wondering what to do about them.
reportage  europe  middle-east  youth  numbers  deutschland  france  comparison  terrorism  germany  instapaper_favs 
november 2015 by aries1988
The dispensable French
France has less and less influence in the EU, and fears to use what it still has
2015  france  deutschland  germany 
november 2015 by aries1988
The end of the Merkel era is within sight
As the placid surface of German society is disturbed, the positives of immigration are hard to see
2015  deutschland  germany 
november 2015 by aries1988
If Angela Merkel is ousted, Europe will unravel

The stakes, though, are much higher with Ms Merkel. The financial crash, the euro crisis and the collapse of the Schengen open borders arrangement has seen Europe unravelling as centrist parties across the continent have struggled to meet the challenge of the populists. Ms Merkel has been the rock of certainty — the leader with the authority to keep the show on the road. Without her the fractures would multiply.

Mr Schäuble, too, is a pro-European, in some respects a more committed integrationist. But Ms Merkel has been the guardian of a post-1989 settlement that has rooted Germany in its Europeanness. Her removal would see it shift into the camp of those consumed by narrower, more immediate calculations of interest, giving up on the ideal of a European Germany. And that would be the beginning of the end.
deutschland  2015  politics  germany 
november 2015 by aries1988
sven_shi:德国难民-墙外楼
比如难民营中的公共厕所。今年10月在汉堡兴建的难民营中就有一个19岁的居住者因为厕所的使用问题纵火烧毁了新建的难民营,在这之前还有很多因为使用厕所而爆发的群殴事件。公共厕所一直是很多难民营的大难题。原教旨主义者采取中世纪的方法,在使用厕所后用手清洁,而后在洗脸池中用清水冲洗。这样的方式很容易引起其他使用厕所人的不满。同时他们还时常禁止他人在自己经常使用的公共厕所中使用卫生纸。这样的行为自然也很容易诱发冲突。
deutschland  refugee  temoignage  integration  germany 
november 2015 by aries1988
Transport par car : les leçons de la libéralisation du marché allemand
Douze euros entre Hambourg et Berlin (290 km), 9 euros entre Francfort et Cologne (150 km), le prix moyen au kilomètre est de 9 centimes, mais certaines compagnies de cars vont jusqu'à offrir 4 centimes du kilomètre, là où la Deutsche Bahn propose un kilomètre entre 13 et 25 centimes d'euros.
transport  france  deutschland  germany 
october 2014 by aries1988
A Growing Challenge for Germans Who Live by Bread Alone

For now, it seems, they have all but forgotten. Industrial-scale baking and advanced freezing technology have made it possible for mass-produced loaves, rolls and pastries to be frozen and shipped around the country to supermarkets, where they can be heated up and sold for a fraction of the price of a hand-thrown equivalent from a traditional bakery.
deutschland  deutsch  bread  artisan  bakery  crisis  recette  today  history  food  germany 
june 2014 by aries1988
Italo-German Ties: Face the Music
The current crisis is driving a wedge between Germans and Italians. Newspapers are filled with reciprocal accusations and criticism, and the gap between the two countries is getting wider and wider. Time to focus on a powerful commonality: Music. Contrary to any other crisis in the last eight decades, this one is taking a decisive cultural turn. Some Germans claim it is due to the Italian passion for complaining and not delivering, and Italians believe it is due to a German desire for supremacy. Italians coming home carry with them stories of what they perceive to be a “German closed society.” Think about what could happen in Germany if the country joins the recession bunch, and jobless Germans would have to face the competition of millions of foreigners that have entered the country in the previous years.
italia  economy  today  deutschland  history  germany 
july 2013 by aries1988

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