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Thicker than blood: A young Chinese woman's coming of age - SupChina
Always careful about what I ate, she enforced an even stricter diet. Certain types of animal products must be avoided because they contained growth hormones. Some seeds and plants could only be consumed in small quantities because they stimulated the sexual organs, per traditional Chinese medicine. In addition to her belief that the flow of the womb drained the brain, my mother dreaded the approach of womanhood for her daughter, a perilous world filled with lurking eyes and wandering hands.

The only item my mother cleaned with a vengeance was our underwear. She rinsed them by hand, and she boiled them in water. The designated utensil was a large porcelain washbasin with a pair of mandarin ducks printed on the bottom next to the character for “double happiness.” The basin was a wedding gift for her and my father, typical of their time.

“Only boiling water can kill all the germs,” my mother explained her peculiar method. “That place must be kept clean, otherwise you will get diseases, and people will think you are a prostitute.”
body  female  growup  girl  story  mother  chinese  sex  food  tradition  family  education  marriage 
29 days ago by aries1988
郝景芳:2019,给普通人6个建议
因此,等我们的孩子毕了业,面临的就会是这样的就业局面:高收入工作要求超级专业(例如法律、医生),或者超级有创造力(例如研发、设计、娱乐)。若不能做到极度专业,或者极度具有创造力,他们就缺少在未来就业市场的竞争力。

一是经济学基本原理:稀缺性原理。越稀缺、且被人需要的东西,价格越贵。这是经济颠扑不破的出发点。

在当前经济里,最稀缺的就是才能。全世界范围内,能源和大宗商品价格涨涨跌跌,但高技能人才的薪资却一直不变地上涨。很多人不明白为什么石油能跌到40美金,而高管的年薪能达到数百万美金。

我们都知道,一般人都需要满足了基础饱暖和安全感,才会想要追求更高层的精神目标。而我们很少思考的是:一般人在满足低层需求之后,都会自然产生更高的精神目标。
如果从小就吃饱穿暖,那么人生目标就提升到追求成就、名声这些尊重需求了。
如果从小就有了成功地位,那么人生目标就提升为自我实现需求了。
而与此同时,能够帮助人们自我实现的经济,也会有越来越大的市场空间。个性化顾问和咨询会成为越来越主流的需求,因为每个人、每个团队的自我实现都不一样。
教育亦如此。成就个体的教育是下个时代所需。

解决问题思维,和,探究本质思维,就是知识经济最重要的核心素养了。

那对于我们普通人,有什么建议呢?
· 第一条建议,就是内心笃定一点。
· 第二条建议,就是理解人的基本需求。
· 第三条建议,就是持续投资于知识技能提升。
· 第四条建议,就是给孩子探究和发挥创意的教育。
· 第五条建议,就是不要鄙薄孩子任何发展方向。
· 第六条建议,就是重视理解事物的本质。
tianjin  author  scifi  self  success  2019  china  advice  parenting  future  education  workforce 
january 2019 by aries1988
How to Control Your Citizens: Opportunity. Nationalism. Fear. - The New York Times
“Today you have the largest bureaucracy in history, with a capacity to intrude in anything,” said William C. Kirby, a professor of China studies at Harvard. “It isn’t just ideology. There are now enormous numbers of interest groups that don’t like competition.”

For guidance, Mr. Ni often looks to Jack Ma, the executive chairman of Alibaba, who is China’s richest man and a cultlike figure among many businessmen. Mr. Ni is currently enrolled in a business school program that Mr. Ma established to cultivate China’s next generation of entrepreneurs.

Over the years, Mr. Ma has spoken publicly about the push-pull relationship between private companies and the government, though there is one piece of his advice for entrepreneurs that Mr. Ni seems to have especially taken to heart: “Fall in love. But don’t marry.”

part of it was something deeper: a desire to help the country catch up with the West and to reconnect with her Chinese roots.

Exposed to liberal democracy, Ms. Hua’s generation was supposed to be the one that demanded it at home. Middle-class Chinese students poured into universities in the United States and Europe — then seen as the most promising path to wealth and prestige — and some Western analysts predicted that they would return to China as a force for political change.

Like many other middle-class parents, Ms. Hua worries about repression and rampant materialism in Chinese society. Yet many of these parents say they want their children to see themselves as Chinese above all else — to understand China’s roots as an agrarian society and to have a sense of pride in the perseverance of the Chinese people through decades of poverty and strife.

Even as some analysts argue that China’s success has more to do with the resilience of its people than the Communist Party and its policies, leaders have been adept at shaping a politicized nationalism that reinforces the primacy of the party — and defends the authoritarian model as the best bulwark against chaos.

“Chinese nationalism binds the people with the state, not to each other,” said Minxin Pei, a professor of government at Claremont McKenna College.
entrepreneurial  china  jiangsu  portrait  rich  conflict  state  parents  children  education  identity  chinese 
november 2018 by aries1988
英国人为什么对鸦片战争避而不谈?_文化课_澎湃新闻-The Paper
有一位评论我这本书的英国学者提出了这么一个问题,为什么鸦片贸易会被大多英国人遗忘,而奴隶贸易却会被记住?这位学者猜想是否因为奴隶贸易是以“主动废除”这种方式结束,但英国政府之所以放弃鸦片贸易,却是碍于外部压力。

我认为不存在绝对的“历史真相”,即便在中国或英国国内,国人对同一个历史事件也会有不同的理解与记忆。在“集体记忆”中,必然有许多人不同的“个人记忆”。在任何情况下,历史学家都不可能重建历史事件的全貌和复杂性,留下的史料也永远不会是完整的。
而在任何国家或文化里,历史叙事无一例外地被赋予了政治意义,对历史的解读也深深影响着统治者和政治家的立场合理性。
即便如此,历史学家依然有一个很重要的工作,就是尽可能挖掘第一手史料,从而提醒当代读者历史的复杂性,并鼓励读者重新对史料进行研读,以得出自己的结论。
interview  uk  war  qing  book  imperialism  education  chinese 
october 2018 by aries1988
Faut-il revoir l'enseignement de la guerre d'Algérie ?
Qu'est-ce qui justifie cet enseignement facultative ?
Pourquoi la crainte des enseignements
https://overcast.fm/+BDarWHBc/13:05
https://overcast.fm/+BDarWHBc/16:13

Traiter de la Guerre d'Algerie en classe
https://overcast.fm/+BDarWHBc/32:30
education  france  français  algerie  war  children  teaching 
october 2018 by aries1988
The Western Elite from a Chinese Perspective - American Affairs Journal
T he Evangelical Christians I have met in the United States often talk about how reading the Bible changed their lives. They talk about being born again. I am…
west  education  money  success  business  chinese 
august 2018 by aries1988
In Denmark, Harsh New Laws for Immigrant ‘Ghettos’ - The New York Times
Starting at the age of 1, “ghetto children” must be separated from their families for at least 25 hours a week, not including nap time, for mandatory instruction in “Danish values,” including the traditions of Christmas and Easter, and Danish language. Noncompliance could result in a stoppage of welfare payments. Other Danish citizens are free to choose whether to enroll children in preschool up to the age of six.

In his annual New Year’s speech, Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen warned that ghettos could “reach out their tentacles onto the streets” by spreading violence, and that because of ghettos, “cracks have appeared on the map of Denmark.” Politicians who once used the word “integration” now call frankly for “assimilation.”

People who know a little about history, our European not-so-nice period, we know what the word ‘ghetto’ is associated with.

Her client, Anni Larsen, told a story about being invited by a Turkish immigrant to their child’s wedding and being scandalized to discover that the guests were separated by gender and seated in different rooms. “I think there were only 10 people from Denmark,” she said, appalled. “If you ask me, I think they shouldn’t have invited us.”

Anette Jacobsen, 64, a retired pharmacist’s assistant, said she so treasured Denmark’s welfare system, which had provided her four children with free education and health care, that she felt a surge of gratitude every time she paid her taxes, more than 50 percent of her yearly income. As for immigrants using the system, she said, “There is always a cat door for someone to sneak in.”

Nearly 87 percent of Denmark’s 5.7 million people are of Danish descent, with immigrants and their descendants accounting for the rest. Two-thirds of the immigrants, around half a million, are from Muslim backgrounds, a group that swelled with the waves of Afghan, Iraqi and Syrian refugees crossing Europe.

“If you create new kinds of laws that apply to only one part of society, then you can keep adding to them,” she said. “It will turn into the parallel society they’re so afraid of. They will create it themselves.”
dane  denmark  numbers  immigration  immigrant  children  education  2018 
july 2018 by aries1988
徐賁:「強制說服」下的羊群變異──五七幹校與中國知識分子|深度|探索學院|端傳媒 Initium Media
思想改造是一種 「強制說服」(coercive persuasion),在各國普遍存在於一些強制社會化程序中(如罪犯改造、戒毒、反邪教、心理治療等)。而在中國語境裏,強制說服則是一種意識形態主導的大規模思想改造,其涉及面之廣、強制手段之發達是其他國家難以相比的。

「認知失調」。它指的是人在接觸到一些有違原先信念或價值的事情之後所出現的衝突狀態。這種衝突會引起不適和焦慮,而當事人則會採取化解措施。許多知識分子在被改造時,會在自己的獨立人格理想與被迫的無條件服從之間感受到一種惱人的矛盾衝突。倘若放棄獨立人格,許多人會為此感到羞愧。為了平息內心的羞愧,他們需要為自己的放棄找到合理解釋,勸藉自己稱這是一個正確選擇。自己選擇放棄獨立人格不是因為懦弱和害怕,而是因為有了新的「覺悟」,是一種思想「進步」。這種調適開始是一種自我欺騙,但最後會弄假成真,「轉變」便是弄假成真的結果。

再也不可能恢復到1949年以前的狀態了,他們已經固定而持久地變成了一個具有中國特色的新品種——狡黠、精明、犬儒、善於偽裝。半個多世紀以來中國知識人的人格破損、自尊心坍塌、道德意識崩潰,已經在新環境下適者生存需要的過程中演化出新的「文化人」基因。

德熱拉斯(M. Djilas)在著名的《新階級》一書裏指出,無論為意識形態的思想改造投入多少人力物力,「這一切手段所收穫的效果並不大。在任何情況下,效果與所花費的力量及方法都不相稱」,它之所以還在繼續,不是因為它真能改變人們的思想和信念,而是因為它能「使一切與官方不同的意識都不可能表現出來」。
opinion  history  china  mao  intelligentsia  mind  education 
june 2018 by aries1988
梁文道:艱辛探索的價值觀
在我看來,這才是廣被引述的這個採訪裏面最值得注意的問題。那就是認命,是對現實的完全肯定乃至於投降,是對權力以及贏家的絕對服從。假如那兩位年輕人所說的每一句都是真心話,那麼他們所接受的教育就可以說得上是十分完整了,與這次被修改的歷史教科書裏面所傳達的價值觀完全一致。

過去這麼多年,每次遇到和六四有關的爭議,不也有很多人告訴我們,要不是當年政府果斷,今天的中國又怎能成為全球第二大經濟體呢?每當有人批評中國共產黨幾十年前犯下的種種大錯,不也總是有人反駁,說今天的中國是全靠共產黨才能變得這麼有錢嗎?現在修改對於文革的認知,其背後的邏輯和上述這些說法是相當一貫的,乃過去二十多年來逐漸彌漫的主流價值觀。這種價值觀在某個意義上講,甚至是反價值的,因為它似乎要強調一切的是非對錯都是平等的,根本沒有絕對的錯誤,有的只是絕對的生死勝負,活下來就是對的,勝出了就是對的。兩個中學生能夠如此靈活運用這種「價值觀」,恰好說明這次教科書的修改,在整個教育之中只不過是水到渠成而已。

他們移民當然是為了生存,他們過去曾在公開場合表達自己的愛國,同樣也是為了生存。比起一本教科書上的一個章節,這種環境才是學生們的真正老師;比起不斷背誦「社會主義核心價值觀」的條目,這才是真正的德育教室。
essay  education  youth  opinion  chinese  today 
january 2018 by aries1988
梁文道:和朱元璋學國學

尤其大陸正在流行所謂的「國學教育」,傳聞連習近平也很欣賞近年大熱的《弟子規》,要孩子們多多誦讀這類「經典」,簡直就是蔣介石昔年在台灣發動「中華文化復興運動」的翻版。香港若是也來這套,我們的學生乖乖地跟着學嗎?他們多半是要把「國學」等同於洗腦的吧。

如果國學教育教的就是《弟子規》,我會很同情那些受苦的學生的。因為這本清朝一個秀才寫給販夫走卒看的識字讀本,不只不能代表國學,甚至連符不符合儒家精神都很難講。

要知道在傳統秩序的框架底下,忠往往是孝的延展,所以要人無條件地孝,也就相當於要人無條件地忠。如果說這就是中國文化的精粹,是儒家的真精神,那就真是太過冤枉列代聖賢了。

真正的儒家不接受無條件的忠順,正所謂「君君、臣臣、父父、子子」,當國君的要有當國君的樣子,做臣子的也才能有做臣子的表現。這一切倫常政治關係皆是相互規約,要求雙方各盡本份的。

儒門弟子真正值得獻身景從的對象,不是一個人甚至一個政權,而是充盈於宇宙之間,萬古恒健的天地正道。

不過,要是這麼教儒家,這麼教國學,學生又會不會變得容易激進,破壞了社會的繁榮安定呢?所以除了鼓勵他們好好背完《弟子規》算數,不妨也參考一下明太祖朱元璋的辦法。
2017  china  education  children  confucianism  state 
september 2017 by aries1988
'You should consider our feelings': for Chinese students the state is an extension of family | Merriden Varrall

What is immediately notable is that while the student is not satisfied with his teacher’s position, he does not even attempt to deploy what he may consider to be relevant facts or rational counter-arguments to support his own case. He is not trying to draw on his understanding of history, or setting out what he might see to be the relevant details of the arrangements that currently influence the relationship between the mainland and the island.

This tendency to be easily offended taps into the narrative of “national humiliation” which many Chinese subscribe to – the idea that the outside world deliberately carved China up during the opium wars of the mid-1800s, leaving it weak and vulnerable. President Xi Jinping’s “China Dream” of rejuvenation is a direct response to this view.

Some Chinese people have explained to me that the tendency to take offence when an outsider comments on China in a way they perceive as a criticism stems from the idea the country and the family are conceptually conflated such that they are understood as deserving equal loyalty.

Officially, the status of Taiwan is a “core interest” for China. That is to say, most Chinese consider the idea that Taiwan is an indisputable part of China is sacrosanct. They learn it at school, and in almost everything they see and hear as they grow up. To them, Taiwan is a family member; that is why discussions about its sovereignty tend to be emotional. Many Chinese students find it difficult to articulate why they feel the way they do about Taiwan – particularly because they have not had much training in debating or critically arguing a point. And they find it impossible to fathom that foreigners cannot understand their position on Taiwan.
chinese  young  uk  student  gaijin  conflict  emotion  explained  education  taiwan  reflex  university  mentality  instapaper_favs 
september 2017 by aries1988
Aux Etats-Unis, la révolution éducative des charter schools

J'ai visité de nombreux établissements scolaires aux États-Unis. Je le fais dans tous les pays où je passe, dès que je le peux. Les écoles me semblent être les marqueurs tangibles de la situation véritable d'une nation. Il y a toujours un lien entre l'investissement des États dans les systèmes éducatifs et leur niveau de développement.

C'est la volonté délibérée des «élites locales», qui investissent leurs ressources nationales dans des armées et des forces de police, c'est-à-dire dans les moyens de faire perdurer leur domination féodale.
education  usa  leader  idea  reform  school  comparison  français  children  learn 
september 2017 by aries1988
Plus que cinq dodos sans les enfants !
Toute l’année, on attend les vacances pour souffler un peu et prendre du temps pour soi. Mais le moment de la séparation est redouté tant par les parents que par leur progéniture.
parents  children  education  self  family  couple  vacation 
august 2017 by aries1988
L'école, premier boulet de l'économie française

Il y a un siècle, le faible niveau d'une grande partie de la population était un handicap politique, une entrave à la démocratie, car le citoyen doit décider en connaissance de cause. Mais ce n'était pas un handicap économique, car l'ouvrier n'avait pas besoin de connaître grand-chose pour travailler dans les champs ou à l'usine. A l'ère du « command and control », une petite élite suffisait à organiser et vérifier le travail.
français  education  debate  opinion  youth  elite 
august 2017 by aries1988
TV : « Le Génie des lieux : l’ENS, l’école de l’engagement »
Notre choix du soir. Dans une passionnante série documentaire, Antoine de Gaudemar nous ouvre les portes de trois temples du savoir européens (sur Arte à 0 h 00)
arte  tv  documentary  france  uk  swiss  university  education  spirit  comparison  elite 
july 2017 by aries1988
How to tackle terrorism, by Oxford university’s vice-chancellor
Richardson’s insight into the terrorist mindset goes well beyond academic expertise. As a teenager, she was a Republican sympathiser, attending meetings and adopting Gaelic as her first language. She “would have joined the IRA in a heartbeat”, she confessed in her 2006 book What Terrorists Want. Her sympathies were the result of growing up in rural Ireland where a Republican version of history was taught, which she questioned when she learnt a different version at Trinity College, Dublin.

Education is the best form of counteracting extremism, she says. She is not in favour of the “safe spaces” that have crept into UK universities. Students should be exposed to extreme views, even those of radical imams, in a space where orthodoxies can be challenged. “We are educating students to go into the real world where you are not protected from views you don’t like.”
education  home  interview  university  uk  terrorism 
july 2017 by aries1988
Thomas Pesquet : « Quand on aperçoit l’ISS, c’est “Star Wars” ! »

la pollution atmosphérique – je n’ai jamais pu prendre une photo de Pékin, par exemple. Voir tout cela, non plus seulement l’intellectualiser, ça change quelque chose.

L’aviation, l’espace, étaient-ils vos rêves de gamin ?

Quand j’avais 4 ans, c’est un de mes premiers souvenirs, mon père m’avait fabriqué un vaisseau spatial avec des cartons. Il avait placé des coussins dedans, un manche et un cadran sur le rabat. J’y ai passé du temps, dans ma navette spatiale en carton, jusqu’à ce qu’elle parte à la poubelle parce que je ne voulais pas venir manger…

Plus tard, avec mon frère, on allait à la maison de la presse acheter des magazines d’aviation. J’adorais les posters avec des « écorchés » d’avion, on détaillait leur structure, on avait tous les éléments, ça faisait un peu comme les Lego Technic. Toute mon adolescence, j’ai continué à lire, à regarder des films sur l’aviation, mais je n’ai jamais pris l’avion et je ne connaissais personne dans ce milieu.
story  astronaut  français  children  science  family  school  education 
june 2017 by aries1988
At Waldorf School in Silicon Valley, Technology Can Wait - The New York Times
While other schools in the region brag about their wired classrooms, the Waldorf school embraces a simple, retro look — blackboards with colorful chalk, bookshelves with encyclopedias, wooden desks filled with workbooks and No. 2 pencils.

On a recent Tuesday, Andie Eagle and her fifth-grade classmates refreshed their knitting skills, crisscrossing wooden needles around balls of yarn, making fabric swatches. It’s an activity the school says helps develop problem-solving, patterning, math skills and coordination. The long-term goal: make socks.

Down the hall, a teacher drilled third-graders on multiplication by asking them to pretend to turn their bodies into lightning bolts. She asked them a math problem — four times five — and, in unison, they shouted “20” and zapped their fingers at the number on the blackboard. A roomful of human calculators.

In second grade, students standing in a circle learned language skills by repeating verses after the teacher, while simultaneously playing catch with bean bags. It’s an exercise aimed at synchronizing body and brain. Here, as in other classes, the day can start with a recitation or verse about God that reflects a nondenominational emphasis on the divine.

parents of students at the Los Altos school say it attracts great teachers who go through extensive training in the Waldorf approach, creating a strong sense of mission that can be lacking in other schools.
education  technology  debate  children  learn  philosophy 
april 2017 by aries1988
High-pressure parenting
the habits of the British upper classes in much of the 20th century: the business of child-rearing was largely outsourced to nannies and boarding schools.

As the West industrialised and grew richer and medicine and sanitation improved, death rates fell. Maturing economies had less need of child labour, and more need of the labour of adult women – work which took them out of the home and reduced their ability to care for large broods. What’s more, as both survival rates and the returns on education rose, the imperative when having children shifted from quantity to quality. Investing more in children’s socialisation and education served the interests of both parents and offspring.

The right specialisation, it seemed, was for skilled parents to work outside the home, where they could earn lots of money, and then use some of that lucre to hire child-care professionals to rear the little ones.

Instead of increasingly outsourcing child-rearing, parents are devoting more of the scarce time left outside working hours to their children. Over the last two decades, time spent by parents on child-rearing has jumped.
Mothers without university degrees now spend about 16 hours per week on child care, while those with degrees spend nearly 22 hours per week. For fathers the figures are seven and ten, respectively. This pattern is repeated across the rich world.

High-income parents are instead spending less time on other personal activities, including sleep.

//

Getting ready for university was a big deal. But there was no urgency to get into the best school possible, whatever the cost. Rather, school was a practical step on the path toward a sturdy, dependable career. You went to university to learn, first and foremost: to pick up the skills needed to find a trade. And while it might be nice to go to an elite institution, state schools provided great value for money.

I didn’t have one, other than pride, and I wasn’t proud enough at the time to go to the trouble of applying to Ivy League schools. I wasn’t certain what I wanted to do when I grew up, and it seemed to me that to justify going someplace fancy one needed to want to do something that really required one to go to that someplace, whatever that something might be. My parents are accountants. I knew I didn’t want to do that, but not much else. I was good at maths, so I thought I would be an engineer. The state school nearby was strong in engineering, cheap and willing to offer me a scholarship. Job done.

//

the more wrenching and decisive those years immediately before matriculation seemed to become, the earlier and the more aggressively parents and children prepared their case for the admissions officers.

By the age of 17, children were expected to have lived a full and complete life, developed their whole selves and undergone one or more personal epiphanies.

The marathon ends with a sprint: a burst of intense preparation for placement tests and demanding university applications and interviews, at the end of which, if all goes right, the young ones are launched into the nurturing confines of a top university, which themselves are a waiting room for an adult life of consequence, a distinguished dotage and an obituary the envy of all the other strivers.

activities outside the realm of scholarship: the enriching spheres of athletics, personal interests and community service. The marathon ends with a sprint: a burst of intense preparation for placement tests and demanding university applications and interviews, at the end of which, if all goes right, the young ones are launched into the nurturing confines of a top university, which themselves are a waiting room for an adult life of consequence, a distinguished dotage and an obituary the envy of all the other strivers.

We can lament the problems with the system, but when the other parents bring out the flashcards, we feel bound to as well.

Efforts to pick apart the value added by the universities themselves find that there is some, but that elite schools are not, as a rule, the ones that do the best job improving students’ earning potential.

Parents are investing massive amounts of time preparing their children to win a race that cannot be won.

Like her father, she is disorganised and struggles to find the motivation to do tasks that don’t interest her. (My three-year-old son, on the other hand, is a determined perfectionist, like his mother.) I want to help teach them how to follow their passions, and how to strive for the things they want, rather than for empty markers of success. But I am discovering that I don’t know how to channel their personalities and interests towards a good, happy, fulfilled life any more than I knew what to do with myself, scared in that freshman dorm room. But I am discovering that I don’t know how to channel their personalities and interests towards a good, happy, fulfilled life any more than I knew what to do with myself, scared in that freshman dorm room.
university  history  trend  story  kid  moi  youth  future  success  education  parenting  children  comparison  today  usa 
march 2017 by aries1988
Why are schools in China looking west for lessons in creativity?
https://www.instapaper.com/read/861489846

Asia is the fastest-growing market in the global private tuition industry, which is forecast by Global Industry Analysts to be worth nearly $200bn by 2020. Students in Shanghai also spend almost 14 hours a week on homework, close to three times the average given by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Initially, the class was very shy: silent unless instructed to be otherwise, they were especially anxious when they had to perform individually.

one of the mainstays of drama classes in the west is the notion that mistakes are OK, as long as you are trying things out — an idea about as far away as you can get from Chinese educational principles.

One teacher was astonished to learn that in the UK studying history might involve assessing the rule of various monarchs; here, where history teaching means imparting facts, such evaluations are all but unimaginable, if not dangerously dissident.
comparison  chinese  education  uk  art  creativity  pisa  numbers  instapaper_favs 
february 2017 by aries1988
La compétition mondiale des universités
La rivalité entre grandes universités existe depuis le Moyen Age en Europe. Devenue planétaire, elle est dominée par les grandes institutions américaines et britanniques à la pointe de l'innovation, assurant le capital humain qui contribue à la croissance. Quels enjeux et quel rôle des [...]
comparison  français  uk  usa  education  university  numbers  policy  opinion  research  student  chinese  ranking 
january 2017 by aries1988
Killing Animals at the Zoo

The modern defense of zoos tends to refer to four achievements: education, conservation, scientific research, and the societal benefit of getting people out of the house. Much of this is often packed into a single claim, which may be true even if it is unsupported by good evidence: zoos are said to cause people to value wild animals more than they otherwise would, thereby improving the survival prospects of threatened species.

His manner, like that of Richard Dawkins, combines reserve and certainty in a way that can suggest adolescence: sometimes, when countering one of his critics, he reddens slightly, and half smiles.

An animal can be a city’s shared pet, or it can be a quasi-agricultural team member whose work is to be seen and to breed and, perhaps, to die young. The Copenhagen Zoo, more than most others, aims to include virtually every animal in the second category, and to avoid what Holst likes to call the Disneyfication of nature.

the Copenhagen Zoo adheres to a practice known as breed and cull. The case for this policy, which is followed by many other zoos in Europe, if with less gusto, is this: because contraception carries medical risks, and because animals can become infertile if they don’t breed, and because zoos must deprive animals of many natural behaviors, it’s important to allow them to mate and raise infants. Why take that away? Holst asked me.

The global giraffe population has declined by nearly forty per cent in the past thirty years

a strand of Danish animal exceptionalism. Danes aren’t unusually careless about animal welfare, but there’s a tradition of pragmatism—or, a critic could say, an insular and self-congratulatory moral laxity—about animal death.

a school of Danish thought, in the early twentieth century, that stressed a greater openness around sex and death and gross bodily functions. He noted that Denmark was the first country in the world to legalize pornography, in the late sixties.

I mean, when you’re dead you’re dead, Holst said to me at one point. And animals don’t have any expectations of what happens after death, or that they could have had a longer life.
zoo  children  education  debate  ethic  culture  dane  denmark  animal  life  instapaper_favs 
january 2017 by aries1988
Eton and the making of a modern elite | 1843

Eton is, as the headmaster puts it, unashamed in its pursuit of excellence. The school aims to educate the elite, as it always has, but it has reshaped itself in order to accommodate a new elite defined by money, brains and ambition, not pedigree, titles and acres.

The percentage of pupils at the school with an OE father went down from 60% in 1960 to 33% in 1994 to 20% now. Eton has gone from being an heirloom handed down through the generations to a revolving door.

The contest isn’t simply between candidates. It’s a battle of wits between a school whose proclaimed intention is to identify deserving talent and ambition, and parents who will do everything to stack things in their child’s favour. Well-off, well-organised parents prepare their sons ruthlessly, hiring tutors, making the boys do ceaseless verbal and non-verbal reasoning tests and sending them to interview classes to learn how to be sparky and empathetic. The school is wise to these constantly evolving efforts to game the system, however, and a lot of boys who have done brilliantly in the computerised test are turned down because they aren’t interesting at inter­view. If a boy makes me laugh, says one of the school’s interviewers, he stands a good chance of getting in.

The story of Eton’s reconquest of the commanding heights of Britain is one of gradual rehabilitation. With the weakening of the hard left, the prospect of private schools being abolished receded, while Eton’s efforts to present itself less as a throwback to an earlier age than a guarantor of achievement in the current one began to pay dividends.

If Eton hasn’t quite become the liberal, socially transformative institution the reformists seek, it is undeniably more discerning in allocating one of the best starts in life that money (or brains, or ambition) can get you.
uk  education  school  boy  elite  reform  system 
december 2016 by aries1988
France’s large share of low-achiever students
a large share of its students have low proficiency in maths, science or reading.
comparison  france  europe  japan  education  highschool 
december 2016 by aries1988
Why are so many first-generation Chinese immigrants supporting Donald Trump? - SupChina
The appeal of Trump to so many first-generation Chinese immigrants quickly became a topic I obsessed about. Fanfan and I had lunch the other day at the home of a lovely, retired Chinese-American woman (she asked that I not use her name) in Chapel Hill, and this disturbing development was almost all we could talk about. A native Beijinger and member of the Class of 1977 — the first crop of students to matriculate in universities after the Cultural Revolution — she shared our horror at Trump’s popularity among recently arrived immigrants, and confirmed that, as I had suspected, this rightward tilt was an entirely new phenomenon and was certainly not the case either four or eight years ago. The stridency among these Trump supporters, she said, reminded her of nothing so much as the Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution.

Whatever its causes — and they are too numerous to get into here — Chinese racism is well attested, and many Americans would be shocked were they privy to conversations about race taking place in Chinese when participants think no one else is listening.

All too often, there is this belief that it’s an American problem and that their only interest is to ensure the short-term safety of their own families.

The East Coast Crips-affiliated gang behind those robberies, police said, specifically targeted Asian-owned homes — discernible by the shoes left on the front porch — and was responsible for a reported 5,000 burglaries.
china  immigrant  usa  politics  trump  2016  opinion  explained  education 
december 2016 by aries1988
Pour François Fillon, la colonisation visait à "partager sa culture" - L'Express
"La France, c'est quinze siècle d'histoire depuis le baptême de Clovis à Reims," a insisté François Fillon dont les propos résonnent avec ceux de Marion Maréchal-Le Pen qui avait lancé, en décembre dernier: "Qui n'a pas vibré au sacre de Reims et à la fête de la Fédération n'est pas vraiment Français". 
français  history  education  politics  debate 
november 2016 by aries1988
The Spanish Lesson I Never Got at School

With Spanish’s endearments and ample use of the subjunctive tense and the diminutive, I have learned that to know a language is to enter into another way of being.

My father, for example, is a charming man in English, a language he has spoken fluently for a half-century. In Spanish, however, his full talents as a sardonic raconteur are on display; he’s even prone to the occasional philosophical soliloquy. My mother is a fluent English speaker, but in Spanish she’s a storyteller with a deeply romantic bent and a flair for the ironic.

For Latino immigrant children, Spanish is the key that unlocks the untranslatable wisdom of their elders, and that reveals the subtle truths in their family histories. It’s a source of self-knowledge, a form of cultural capital. They are smarter, in fact, for each bit of Spanish they keep alive in their bilingual brains. And they are more likely to see the absurdity in the rants of xenophobes and racists.
children  language  education  school  bilingual  opinion  politics  usa  espagna  family  literature  personality  brain 
november 2016 by aries1988
为什么会有《十万个为什么》|大象公会
真正有《十万个为什么》色彩的“问答体”书面作品,是 16 世纪宗教改革运动以来的基督教要理(Catechism),即用来教导学生学习基本教义和圣礼的纲要性文件。1529 年,马丁·路德发表《大要理》和《小要理》,前者是针对牧师、教师和成人信众的教学手册,后者则面向被他们教导的群众,用问答形式宣传教义。

▍受国内学界时况影响,“工农兵版”《十万》收录了问题“为什么说‘宇宙膨胀’论是错误的”,正文首句即下结论称宇宙膨胀论是“唯心论和形而上学宇宙观的一个代表”,并批评了六十年代以来在国际学界颇具影响力的“大爆炸理论”
history  china  book  children  encyclopedia  kid  1960s  mao  chinese  science  education  moi 
october 2016 by aries1988
Colin Kaepernick Is Lucky He’s Not Japanese | Foreign Policy
Over the past two years, several people have been thrown out of cinemas for refusing to stand for the national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana” — a song that seems to be playing an increasingly public role with the resurgence of Hindu nationalism under Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Playing the anthem before screenings is compulsory in Maharashtra (the state that includes Mumbai) and common in other states like Kerala.

it could also be that few actually understood the point the teachers were trying to make. The war was more than 70 years ago, after all. The anthem, to most modern ears, simply sounds like a call for a much loved emperor’s reign to last for a geologically impossible (stones turning into boulders) length of time.
india  japan  cinema  state  education  school  history  usa  nationalism 
september 2016 by aries1988
Why Singapore’s kids are so good at maths

Aiming to move away from simple rote-learning and to focus instead on teaching children how to problem solve, the textbooks the group produced were influenced by educational psychologists such as the American Jerome Bruner, who posited that people learn in three stages: by using real objects, then pictures, and then through symbols. That theory contributed to Singapore’s strong emphasis on modelling mathematical problems with visual aids; using coloured blocks to represent fractions or ratios, for example.

A switch from an ability-based model of individualised learning, to a model [which says that] all children are capable of anything, depending on how it is presented to them and the effort which they put into learning it.

unlike Singapore’s office buildings, which are so deeply chilled by air conditioning that workers regularly wrap themselves in sweaters, the classrooms are open to the tropical humidity. Ceiling fans stir the air and the chatter of other children sometimes drifts through the open windows.

Meritocracy is an element of the glue that binds Singapore together. Alongside the promise of shared prosperity and security, the idea that the brightest can rise to the top is a component of the political bargain that the city-state has struck with its citizens, under which some political freedoms are restricted in exchange for significant material benefits.

Singaporeans frequently use the Hokkien Chinese word kiasu to describe themselves. The term translates as being afraid to lose out
investigation  interview  singapore  asia  education  children  learn  methodology  comparison  uk  crisis  world  future  creativity  debate  society  history  reportage 
july 2016 by aries1988
关于教育,中国人很少会质疑的信念_维舟_腾讯大家
反过来,在19世纪的俄国,社会的发展使许多贵族阶层的年轻人开始受到良好的文化教育,他们看到了俄国现状的不足与落后,也不是不想推动社会的发展,然而却发现根本没有适合他们发挥才能的职位,他们所受的教育虽好,却是与社会脱节而不被需要的,因而成了一群苦闷的所谓多余人,除了文化事业的进步外,似乎也并未推动国家的富强,俄国一如既往地大大落后于西欧。

教育发展仅是社会发展的一个必要但不充分的条件。像菲律宾和前苏联-俄罗斯这样,虽然培养出了高素质的人才,但本国社会的发展却使他们找不到用武之地,甚至博士研究员为了谋生被迫去开出租车,那在这些结构性的制度问题得到解决之前,仅仅提升人口的受教育水平是无法产生明显的经济效应的。
education  state  development  history  comparison  russia 
july 2016 by aries1988
Why Handwriting Is Still Essential in the Keyboard Age
Dr. Berninger said the research suggests that children need introductory training in printing, then two years of learning and practicing cursive, starting in grade three, and then some systematic attention to touch-typing.
research  writing  debate  digital  device  pen  brain  children  education  handwriting 
june 2016 by aries1988
Choosing a School for My Daughter in a Segregated City
I n the spring of 2014, when our daughter, Najya, was turning 4, my husband and I found ourselves facing our toughest decision since becoming parents. We live…
race  newyork  story  children  education  usa 
june 2016 by aries1988
Made in Japan
Comment la pensée conservatrice se traduit-elle dans l'éducation et l'enseignement ? Quelles batailles idéologiques se jouent dans la…
japan  français  education  podcast  culture  university 
june 2016 by aries1988
Canal-U
Canal-U est un projet de la communauté universitaire lancé en 2000. Il est piloté par la Mission numérique pour l’enseignement supérieur (MINES) au sein du Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche. Depuis janvier 2015, la maîtrise d’œuvre est assurée par la FMSH; auparavant, elle l’était par le Centre de ressources et d’information sur les multimédias pour l’enseignement supérieur (CERIMES)

Canal-U est la vidéothèque numérique de l’enseignement supérieur. C’est le site de référence pour les ressources audiovisuelles de l’enseignement supérieur. Enseignants et étudiants peuvent y trouver des programmes enrichis de documents pédagogiques et validés par les conseils scientifiques des Universités Numériques Thématiques.

Canal-U s’adresse aux étudiants, aux enseignants, aux chercheurs, et cela selon deux axes :
- Fournir des ressources pédagogiques en complément des cursus d’enseignement ;
- Accompagner les évolutions de l’université française en développant l’usage des TIC au sein de l’enseignement supérieur.
video  resource  français  education 
june 2016 by aries1988
The long march from China to the Ivies | 1843
The nearly 400 students in Monica’s international wing each pay an annual tuition of roughly $15,000 per year – giving the public school a multi-million-dollar revenue stream.

After sifting through the options, Monica and Christina both gravitated to Elite Scholars of China (ESC), a boutique consultancy based in Beijing. Run by Tomer Rothschild and Stacy Palestrant, an expatriate American couple, the agency guides a small group of top students (100 this year) through the application process. Most students pay more than $15,000,

The obsession among top colleges with extra-curriculars has created a strange ritual in America. In the summer preceding application, students devise heart-warming experiences that will demonstrate how they embody the ideals of empathy, leadership or resilience: they volunteer at soup kitchens for homeless people, they start a sports league for disadvantaged youths, or – if their families are wealthy – they fly off to Haiti, Guatemala or Ghana to build houses for the poor.

The essay process can be painful, but it’s pushed me out of my comfort zone and forced me to examine my life, she says. The students who get agents to do everything may get into good universities, but they miss a very precious journey.
china  education  college  usa  concours  study  abroad  youth  comparison  service  instapaper_favs 
may 2016 by aries1988
南方周末 - 【热点】“谁的孩子上北大”已经没那么重要了
其实,谁的孩子上北大这个问题已经没那么重要。当穷孩子还在为考上重点大学奋斗时,很多中上阶层家庭的孩子已经不将北大作为选项了,他们在大洋彼岸的美国上大学,甚至上高中。
instapaper_favs  education  society  class  inequality 
april 2016 by aries1988
Class Consciousness - The New Yorker
One day, an Australian couple came to the restaurant. The man, thin and ascetic, with piercing eyes, started talking about an idealistic education system that had been introduced in Central Europe in the early twentieth century. Emphasizing the need to help children develop as individuals, it was based on ideas of reincarnation, free will, and individuality. After four days, the couple left, encouraging Harry and Li to stay in touch.

Steiner developed his educational philosophy in 1919, when the owner of the Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory, in Stuttgart, asked him to set up a school for the employees’ children. Germany was in turmoil—a revolution followed the end of the First World War—and the new school was intended as a corrective to the harsh discipline of traditional schools. Steiner believed that children should be slowly guided out of what he termed “the etheric world,” where they existed prior to birth, and that education should engage first the hands, then the heart, then the brain. Waldorf-educated children play a lot when they’re young, and often don’t learn to read until second or third grade. After nearly a decade of studying Steiner’s system, Harry and Li returned to Chengdu, to start China’s first Waldorf school.
china  education  future  children  story  chinese  family  choice  kid  theory  debate  pioneer  moi  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988
Chronas: History
Chronas is a history project linking Wikipedia to a dynamic map with a time slider.
history  presentation  education  map  interactive  learn 
december 2015 by aries1988
The crème de la cram
Korean kids with pushy parents use crammers to get into crammers
korea  education  school  competition 
november 2015 by aries1988
Back to school in Paris — and no gold stars
After London, a child can find a French education rather harsh, writes Anne-Sylvaine Chassany My son’s supersized cartable — the French pupil’s traditional backpack — weighed more than 5kg. It brought back memories of the heavy bags I used to carry at school. In the classroom, behind rows of desks that made any movement impractical, the children faced a large white board and were asked to sit still. The message was clear: coming in the wake of the more relaxed kindergarten, this was now serious stuff. These differences reflect contrasting ideas of what school is, says Peter Gumbel, a British journalist whose children were educated in Los Angeles and Paris, and who in 2010 wrote the first of three books on France’s education system. “French teachers tend to say it’s about transmission of knowledge,” he tells me. “Teachers in the UK or in the US will say it’s about learning and personal development.” So school is seen as a community.
uk  france  education  comparison  children  français 
november 2015 by aries1988
Why Parrot Beijing’s Line?
In Chinese classrooms, historical narratives are placed in incomplete context and follow a retrospectively imposed logic that precludes alternative interpretations.

The tendency can be heightened by a sense of national pride when the perceived challenge comes from foreigners.
education  china  history  student 
september 2015 by aries1988
The Economic Guide To Picking A College Major
There may also be a built-in risk premium: The energy industry is notorious for its boom-bust volatility, so there’s no guarantee that those newly minted petroleum engineers will still be pulling down six-figure salaries if oil prices suddenly crater.

In fact, there’s almost no correlation between how popular a major is and how lucrative it is. Psychology is far and away the most popular major despite paying a below-average median wage of $31,500. Highly paid engineering fields, meanwhile, are among the least popular fields of study.
data  ranking  university  job  choice  future  education  moi 
august 2015 by aries1988
Destination Prepa
0:00 - Lundi - La prépa, c'est quoi ? 2:26 - Mardi - Comment se passe une journée typique en prépa ? 9:24 - Mercredi - Est-ce que je suis fait pour ça ? 12:22 -…
education  documentary  story  prepa  français 
june 2015 by aries1988
Les classes prépas racontées par ceux qui y sont passés
VIDÉO - Pour démonter certaines idées reçues et lutter contre l’autocensure, 11 élèves ingénieurs ont réalisé un documentaire retraçant l’expérience prépa telle qu’ils l’ont vécue.
temoignage  education  video  prepa  français 
june 2015 by aries1988
Chinese Security Laws Elevate the Party and Stifle Dissent. Mao Would Approve.
“National security education will be included in the national education system and the public-servant training system to strengthen awareness among the entire populace,” the law says. “April 15 of each year will be set aside as national security education day.”

“I think the frame of the national security law fits the current needs of the nation, since national security as a concept has expanded to more areas,” said Tong Zhiwei, a professor at the East China University of Political Science and Law. “But I don’t agree with some of the wordings in the draft — for example the phrases ‘ideological security’ and ‘cultural security.’ ”

Ideology and culture are not threats to national security, Mr. Tong added.
2015  china  policy  education  law 
may 2015 by aries1988
Can Racism Be Stopped in the Third Grade?
The program, which was also put in place this school year at Ethical Culture, Fieldston’s other elementary school, would boost self-esteem and a sense of belonging among minority kids while combating the racism, subtle or otherwise, that can permeate historically white environments. It would foster interracial empathy by encouraging children to recognize differences without disrespect while teaching kids strategies, and the language, for navigating racial conflict.

In 45-minute sessions, children would talk about what it was like to be a member of that race; they would discuss what they had in common with each other and how they were different, how other people perceived them, rightly or wrongly, based on appearance.

The much more intimate, idiosyncratic, lived experience of race — that is a harder discussion to have, especially when it probes reflexive reactions to difference (fear, disgust, mistrust, anxiety, curiosity, eagerness, attraction, admiration) that are sometimes heated, irrational, and not always pleasant.

This same parent who sends her children to Lower because she values diversity tends not to dwell on the fact that she has few close friends of color; that her neighborhood is almost entirely white; that her nanny or housecleaner or doorman has brown skin. The program at Lower was designed, and is supported in large part, by people who have spent their lives on the other side of that well-meaning silence and can testify that it’s no way to thrive.

by 4 they are already absorbing the lessons of a racist culture. All of them know reflexively which race it is preferable to be. Even today, almost three-quarters of a century since the Doll Test, made famous in Brown v. Board of Education, experiments by CNN and Margaret Beale Spencer have found that black and white children still show a bias toward people with lighter skin.

At 7 or 8, children become very concerned with fairness and responsive to lessons about prejudice. This is why the third, fourth, and fifth grades are good moments to teach about slavery and the Civil War, suffrage and the civil-rights movement. Kids at that age tend to be eager to wrestle with questions of inequality, and while they are just beginning to form a sense of racial identity (this happens around 7 for most children, though for some white kids it takes until middle school), it hasn’t yet acquired much tribal force. It’s the closest humans come to a racially uncomplicated self.
race  education  racism  children  groupe  debate  perception  discussion  experiment  school  instapaper_favs 
may 2015 by aries1988
L’éducation dans les méandres du capitalisme financier
Les universités françaises, fidèles à leur mission de service public, demeurent réticentes à l’idée de sélectionner les étudiants à l’entrée alors même que leurs moyens sont limités.

Améliorer le modèle économique des universités et des grandes écoles françaises sans marchandiser l’éducation et sans surendetter les étudiants, telle est l’équation complexe que la France est d’ores et déjà amenée à résoudre dans les prochaines années si elle veut conserver sa capacité à produire de l’innovation et à assurer sereinement et durablement l’une de ses principales promesses sociétales : l’éducation.

Les études supérieures coûtent de plus en plus chères, de 400 euros à l’université à 15 000 euros/an dans certaines grandes écoles (voire 30 000 dollars dans certaines universités américaines) sans que ce coût puisse d’ailleurs être jugé excessif eu égard au contenu de l’offre et aux modèles économiques sous-tendant ces formations.
france  education  university  money  crisis  student 
may 2015 by aries1988
Lessons in Britishness
William Richardson, general secretary of the HMC (the Headmasters’ and Headmistresses’ Conference), says British boarding schools are very good at making children resilient adults who can earn a good living. “Children in boarding schools win out in the graduate labour market. They do well all round, and are self-confident, resilient and networked,” he says.

Reading is a red-brick university which ranks in the top 20 per cent of UK higher education institutions. Not numbered among Britain’s elite “Russell Group” — equivalent to the US Ivy League — it has nevertheless risen steadily through the rankings and is now rated third in the country for research on environmental sciences.
uk  education  school  idea  gaijin  teacher  chinese  globalization  british  today 
may 2015 by aries1988
Prépas, l'excellence au prix fort
“Quand Napoléon crée les élites de la nation, ajoute la psychanalyste Claire-Marine François-Poncet, il remplace la noblesse de naissance par une noblesse de mérite. L’effort qu’on lui demande doit être à la hauteur des catastrophes de la Révolution et des guerres napoléoniennes. On a tué l’aristocratie de privilège. Il faut payer le crime.”
teacher  life  temoignage  opinion  parents  student  story  prepa  français  education 
may 2015 by aries1988
Femmes, échecs et maths
En France comme dans la plupart des pays, les filles sont les grandes absentes des filières scientifiques, au lycée comme dans l'enseignement supérieur. En 2012, elles ne représentaient que 38 % des effectifs des terminales S spécialité mathématiques, 29,7 % des effectifs des classes préparatoires scientifiques aux grandes écoles, 28 % des élèves diplômés d'une école d'ingénieur, et 27 % des titulaires d'une licence professionnelle en sciences. Le déséquilibre est tel que, depuis 2000, la mixité des formations est l'un des chantiers prioritaires des conventions interministérielles sur l'égalité.

Quand une fille échoue en maths, ses parents se désolent pour ses études en général, pour le bac à obtenir... Alors que si c'est un garçon, il semble que leur narcissisme de parents soit atteint : l'image idéale du garçon qui devrait être fort en maths est touchée. Ce préjugé est moins explicite aujourd'hui qu'il y a vingt ans, mais il continue cependant à exercer ses effets de manière sournoise.
today  maths  debate  france  education  children  parenting  female 
november 2014 by aries1988
The Building Blocks of a Good Pre-K
WITH the introduction of universal pre-K in New York City, we have created a new entry point into our public school system. This raises a key question: What do…
children  education  play 
october 2014 by aries1988
L’éducation dans les méandres du capitalisme financier
Améliorer le modèle économique des universités et des grandes écoles françaises sans marchandiser l’éducation et sans surendetter les étudiants, telle est l’équation complexe que la France est d’ores et déjà amenée à résoudre dans les prochaines années si elle veut conserver sa capacité à produire de l’innovation et à assurer sereinement et durablement l’une de ses principales promesses sociétales : l’éducation.
education  france  usa  student  comparison 
october 2014 by aries1988
Dispelling the Myth of Deferred Gratification
Underlying self-discipline and grit is the idea of deferring gratification—for example, by putting off doing what you enjoy until you finish your "work." The appeal to many educators of transforming kids from lazy grasshoppers to hardworking ants explains the fresh wave of interest in a series of experiments conducted back in the 1960s known as the marshmallow studies.

What mostly interested Mischel wasn't whether children could wait for a bigger treat—which, by the way, most of them could. It wasn't even whether those who waited fared better in life than those who didn't. Rather, the central question was how children go about trying to wait and which strategies help. It turned out that kids waited longer when they were distracted by a toy. What worked best wasn't (in Mischel's words) "self-denial and grim determination," but doing something enjoyable while waiting so that self-control wasn't needed at all.

It shouldn't be surprising that the kids' capacity to figure out a way to think about something other than the food was associated with their SAT scores. It's not that willpower makes certain kids successful; it's that the same loose cluster of mental proficiencies that helped them with distraction when they were young also helped them score well on a test of reasoning when they were older. (In fact, when the researchers held those scores constant, most of the other long-term benefits associated with their marshmallow-related behavior disappeared.)

Perhaps the broader message for educators is this: Focus less on "fixing the kids" and more on improving what and how they're taught.
teacher  children  education  opinion  learn  experiment  gratification  classic  myth  mind 
september 2014 by aries1988
Chine et Inde, les pays les plus rentables pour étudier à l’étranger
Les Etats-Unis et le Royaume-Uni s'avèrent, eux, les plus rentables avec certes une dépense élevée (36 564 dollars pour les USA, 35 034 pour le Royaume-Uni), mais ces destinations occupent respectivement la première et la deuxième place au plan qualitatif.

La France propose une solution équilibrée : elle est sixième pour la performance de son enseignement mais septième pour le coût. La dépense globale annuelle s'élève à 16 577 dollars en raison de la modicité des droits universitaires (47 dollars). Seuls les Brésiliens font mieux dans ce domaine avec un prix de 59 dollars. La note finale est plombée par le coût de la vie à Paris évaluée à 16 530 dollars !
education  numbers  expat  today  money 
september 2014 by aries1988
Becoming a Real Person
Everyone is born with a mind, he writes, but it is only through introspection, observation, connecting the head and the heart, making meaning of experience and finding an organizing purpose that you build a unique individual self.

This process, he argues, often begins in college, the interval of freedom when a person is away from both family and career. During that interval, the young person can throw himself with reckless abandon at other people and learn from them.
education  today  opinion 
september 2014 by aries1988
Don't Send Your Kid to the Ivy League
They have mastered them all, and with a serene self-assurance that leaves adults and peers alike in awe. A friend who teaches at a top university once asked her class to memorize 30 lines of the eighteenth-century poet Alexander Pope. Nearly every single kid got every single line correct. It was a thing of wonder, she said, like watching thoroughbreds circle a track.

So extreme are the admission standards now that kids who manage to get into elite colleges have, by definition, never experienced anything but success. The prospect of not being successful terrifies them, disorients them. The cost of falling short, even temporarily, becomes not merely practical, but existential. The result is a violent aversion to risk.

Wealthy families start buying their children’s way into elite colleges almost from the moment they are born: music lessons, sports equipment, foreign travel (“enrichment” programs, to use the all-too-perfect term)—most important, of course, private-school tuition or the costs of living in a place with top-tier public schools.
academia  education  society  equality  opinion  usa 
september 2014 by aries1988
Classement de Shanghaï : les universités françaises maintiennent leur rang
Le classement de Shanghaï se concentre sur les performances de la recherche, surtout scientifique, des universités, sans considérer la qualité de l'enseignement qui y est prodigué. Il recense les lauréats Nobel et Fields parmi les enseignants (20 % de la note) et les anciens diplômés (10 %). Il se penche également sur le nombre de publications, dans l'année passée, dans les revues " Nature " et " Science " (20 %), les citations de ces articles (20 %), les chercheurs cités au cours des cinq années précédentes (20 %) et la performance académique rapportée au nombre d'enseignants-chercheurs (10 %).
world  france  education  ranking  français 
august 2014 by aries1988
Time and punishment
When the respondents’ education was included in the analysis, they found that higher educational attainment was linked to a preference for delayed gratification. “We therefore suspect that schooling can deter people from crime by making them value the future more,” explains Mr Gronqvist. Francisco Perez-Arce of the RAND Corporation, a think-tank, interviewed around 2,000 applicants for Mexican universities. The students had similar credentials but some obtained admission through a lottery to a university that did not charge tuition fees, whereas the rest had to apply elsewhere. As a result, a higher proportion of lottery-winners than losers went to college. After a year, Mr Perez-Arce found, the lottery-winners were more patient than the losers. Since the process was random, he concluded that higher education can make people place more weight on the future.
GTD  education  psychology  success  experiment  children 
august 2014 by aries1988
If you can't choose wisely, pick at random – Michael Schulson – Aeon

Around the same time that Michael Dove was pondering his riddle in a Kantu’ longhouse, activists and political scientists were beginning to revive the idea of filling certain political positions by lottery, a process known as sortition.

to recognise that the judging process is already subjective and always will be. Had a different panel of 12 judges been chosen for the competition, the result would have varied, too. The ISU system simply makes that subjectivity more apparent, even as it reduces the likelihood that certain obviously bad influences, such as corruption, will affect the final result.

Something, somewhere, is always playing dice

Devoid of any guiding mind, it is subject to neither blame nor regret. Inhuman, it can act as a blank surface on which to descry the churning of fate or the work of divine hands. Chance distributes resources and judges disputes with perfect equanimity.
from:rss  essay  randomness  life  strategy  decision  rational  education  concours  uncertainty  idea 
july 2014 by aries1988
Another Match: U.S. Colleges vs. World - NYTimes.com
I take issue with this casual dismissal of the role of research in teaching. Excellent researchers are also excellent teachers. Studies of teaching quality find a positive, not negative, relationship between research productivity and teaching ratings.

Top researchers are most informed about their fields and able to communicate clearly to wide audiences. Their enthusiasm about their subjects may be infectious to undergraduates.
education 
july 2014 by aries1988
Americans Think We Have the World’s Best Colleges. We Don’t.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, for example, periodically administers an exam called PISA to 15-year-olds in 69 countries. While results vary somewhat depending on the subject and grade level, America never looks very good. The same is true of other international tests. In PISA’s math test, the United States battles it out for last place among developed countries, along with Hungary and Lithuania.

America’s perceived international dominance of higher education, by contrast, rests largely on global rankings of top universities. According to a recent ranking by the London-based Times Higher Education, 18 of the world’s top 25 universities are American. Similarly, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, published annually by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, gives us 19 of 25.
The project is called the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (known as Piaac, sometimes called “pee-ack”). In 2011 and 2012, 166,000 adults ages 16 to 65 were tested in the O.E.C.D. countries (most of Europe along with the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan and South Korea) and Cyprus and Russia.

Like PISA, Piaac tests people’s literacy and math skills. Because the test takers were adults, they were asked to use those skills in real-world contexts. They might, for example, be asked to read a news article and an email, each describing a different innovative method of improving drinking water quality in Africa, and identify the sentence in each document that describes a criticism common to both inventions. The test also included a measure of “problem-solving in technology-rich environments,” reflecting the nature of modern work.

Instead, Piaac suggests that the wide disparities of knowledge and skill present among American schoolchildren are not ameliorated by higher education. If anything, they are magnified.
research  education  university  numbers  usa 
june 2014 by aries1988
【果壳网专访】来,和徐星聊聊恐龙和化石 | 科学人 | 果壳网 科技有意思
另外一个很重要的原因是互联网。网络我们现在看上去司空见惯,但是在互联网出现之前,中国科研界的信息来源、方法论来源以及技术训练都是相对落伍的。而搞科研很重要的一点就是创新。互联网的出现让我们和国外的交流变得非常畅通。我刚刚开始做研究的时候,当时我自己掏钱弄了一个拨号上网的猫,研究中遇到问题我马上就去找当时这个领域中世界上特别有名的专家,写邮件去问人家问题,跟人家讨论交流,有些专家也很快就回复了我,这对我个人的影响非常之大。

古生物在青少年科学传播方面有很大魅力,尤其是6-8岁的小男孩,几乎没有不喜欢恐龙的,这对他们将来喜欢自然,乃至自然科学,都是很好的引导。

徐星:我最喜欢的恐龙是小盗龙,原因在于它的科学价值以及围绕小盗龙化石发生的故事。我其实很少看有关恐龙的纪录片和科学传播书。如果让我选一本,我会选美国作家乔纳生•威诺写的《鸟喙:加拉帕戈斯群岛考察记》这本有关生活在现在地球上的恐龙的故事。
dinosaur  interview  paleo  chinese  book  children  education 
june 2014 by aries1988
《看客》第333期:被刹车的英语
高考加速了英语的普及,引入了外来文化,也改变了国人的思想。1992年,政府出台“支持留学、鼓励回国、来去自由”12字方针,中国留学生数目随之大幅上涨。图为1993年2月21日,广州越秀区,一小学门前的摊位上张贴的留学培训广告。周国强/CFP
from:rss  education  today  english 
may 2014 by aries1988
Why does Singapore have such a low birth rate?
How is it the most productive, functional country Singapore has one of the lowest birth rate in the world? Is this robot future in which only the better off have children? Why is it richer the world is the less people can afford children?
explained  population  education  asia 
december 2013 by aries1988
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