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The English Word That Hasn’t Changed in Sound or Meaning in 8,000 Years - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus

The English word honey is madhu in Sanskrit and myod in Russian. Sanskrit and Russian haven’t shared a common ancestor since Indo-European, so these words had to come from the same source. (There are also the words mead in English, met in German and mjød in Danish that refer to an alcoholic drink made from honey.)

The fact that those distantly related Indo-European languages had almost the same pronunciation of a single word meant that the word—and the concept behind it—had most likely existed in the Proto-Indo-European language. “If they had a word for it, they must have lived in a place where there was salmon,” explains Guy. “Salmon is a fish that lives in the ocean, reproduces in fresh water and swims up to rivers to lay eggs and mate. There are only a few places on the planet where that happens.”

In reconstructed Indo-European, there were words for bear, honey, oak tree, and snow, and, which is also important, no words for palm tree, elephant, lion, or zebra. Based on evidence like that, linguists reconstructed what their homeland was. The only possible geographic location turned out to be in a narrow band between Eastern Europe and the Black Sea where animals, trees, and insects matched the ancient Indo-European words.
language  europe  origin 
3 days ago by aries1988
‘Overrun,’ ‘Outbred,’ ‘Replaced’: Why Ethnic Majorities Lash Out Over False Fears - The New York Times
That dynamic, sometimes known as a majority with a minority complex, is thought to be a major factor in the rise of right-wing populism in Europe, religious nationalism in Asia, and white nationalist terrorism in the United States and New Zealand.

When communal tensions broke out into the outright fighting known as the Troubles in the late 1960s, Northern Ireland’s Protestants were numerically, politically and economically dominant. But they were a minority on the island as a whole, feeding a sense of demographic peril.

Fears of existential, sectarian conflict can be self-realizing.

“more negative attitudes toward Latinos, blacks, and Asian-Americans” and “more automatic pro-white/anti-minority bias.”
rightwing  race  population  birth  usa  europe  banyan  crisis  genocide 
10 days ago by aries1988
When Asia Ruled the World
Nonfiction The Pudong skyline, Shanghai. Credit Lauryn Ishak for The New York Times Amazon Local Booksellers Barnes and Noble When you purchase an independently…
contrarian  west  empire  conflict  world  war  success  europe  fail  qing  ottoman  book  opinion  history  prediction  theory 
10 weeks ago by aries1988
Aditi Shrivastava's answer to What's the difference between Gothic and Romanesque architectures? - Quora
Aditi Shrivastava , pursued B.E. (Hons.) Civil Engineering from BITS Pilani Updated Oct 10, 2015 1. Gothic architecture had pointed arches in roof while…
architecture  europe  church  west  primer 
march 2019 by aries1988
The Story of the Iberian Peninsula, Told in DNA - The New York Times

The team was able to identify pieces of North African DNA in people across Spain. The researchers estimated that the subjects’ North African ancestors lived about 800 years ago, during Muslim rule.

The researchers were also able to group Spaniards into five genetic clusters. On a map, these groups form five strips running north to south. Those strips line up neatly with history.

At the height of the Muslim rule, a few small Christian states survived on the northern coast of Spain. As Muslims lost power, those states expanded their southern borders, starting roughly 900 years ago.
Iberia  genetics  archaeology  origin  europe  human  migration 
march 2019 by aries1988
宮崎市定:亚洲对欧洲近代化的贡献 | 海交史




asia  europe  confucianism  china  history  world  politics 
december 2018 by aries1988
Prêts à des entreprises d'origines différentes
Risque conjoncturel : Les niveaux de défaut des paiements des PME dans les trois pays n’est pas le même. 4% des prêts aux PME en France font défaut par an, 9,5% en Espagne et 18,5% en Italie
numbers  pme  europe  espagna  italia  france  investment  economy 
november 2018 by aries1988
europe  love  letter 
november 2018 by aries1988
list  book  history  historian  europe 
october 2018 by aries1988



FRD Norbert Elias

2000s  book  academia  chinese  europe  civ  origin  debate  greek  emigration  antiquity 
october 2018 by aries1988
Pourquoi change-t-on d'heure deux fois par an ? - Direct Energie
L’idée n’est appliquée pour la première fois qu’en 1916 en Allemagne et adoptée définitivement en France en 1973 pour amortir la crise pétrolière. Elle sera généralisée à toute l’union européenne en 1980, sur la base de ce même principe : profiter d’une heure supplémentaire d’éclairage naturel et ainsi faire des économies sur l’éclairage artificiel. Aujourd’hui 70 pays sont adeptes du changement d’heure. 

En pratique, le passage à l'heure d'été (+1h) se fait toujours dans la nuit du dernier samedi de mars tandis que le passage à l'heure d'hiver (-1h) se fait dans la nuit du dernier dimanche d'octobre.

La discussion est en cours mais elle devrait durer plusieurs mois encore. En tout cas, selon une consultation publique, 80% des Européens ont exprimé leur souhait de voir le changement d'heure être supprimé. Si la mesure disparaissait à l'avenir, pas moins de 510 millions d'Européens seraient concernés.
explained  history  energy  time  europe 
october 2018 by aries1988
就士游 | 陈浩武:从启蒙运动到大革命——法国旅行手记(上)


poitiers  history  europe  muslim  christianity  bordeaux  leader  france 
october 2018 by aries1988
How Islam Created Europe - The Atlantic
“the West” emerged in northern Europe (albeit in a very slow and tortuous manner) mainly after Islam had divided the Mediterranean world.

“The West,” if it does have a meaning beyond geography, manifests a spirit of ever more inclusive liberalism. Just as in the 19th century there was no going back to feudalism, there is no going back now to nationalism, not without courting disaster. As the great Russian intellectual Alexander Herzen observed, “History does not turn back … All reinstatements, all restorations have always been masquerades.”

Europe must now find some other way to dynamically incorporate the world of Islam without diluting its devotion to the rule-of-law-based system that arose in Europe’s north, a system in which individual rights and agency are uppermost in a hierarchy of needs.
europe  today  immigration  future  opinion  islam  mediterranean 
october 2018 by aries1988




song  middle-age  china  renaissance  comparison  europe  book 
october 2018 by aries1988
The Clash of Ignorance

Samuel Huntington’s article "The Clash of Civilizations?" appeared in the Summer 1993 issue of Foreign Affairs, where it immediately attracted a surprising amount of attention and reaction
to supply Americans with an original thesis about "a new phase" in world politics after the end of the cold war,

Certainly neither Huntington nor Lewis has much time to spare for the internal dynamics and plurality of every civilization, or for the fact that the major contest in most modern cultures concerns the definition or interpretation of each culture, or for the unattractive possibility that a great deal of demagogy and downright ignorance is involved in presuming to speak for a whole religion or civilization. No, the West is the West, and Islam Islam.

Instead of seeing it for what it is–the capture of big ideas (I use the word loosely) by a tiny band of crazed fanatics for criminal purposes–

what is so threatening about that presence? Buried in the collective culture are memories of the first great Arab-Islamic conquests, which began in the seventh century and which, as the celebrated Belgian historian Henri Pirenne wrote in his landmark book Mohammed and Charlemagne (1939), shattered once and for all the ancient unity of the Mediterranean, destroyed the Christian-Roman synthesis and gave rise to a new civilization dominated by northern powers (Germany and Carolingian France) whose mission, he seemed to be saying, is to resume defense of the "West" against its historical-cultural enemies.

These are tense times, but it is better to think in terms of powerful and powerless communities, the secular politics of reason and ignorance, and universal principles of justice and injustice, than to wander off in search of vast abstractions that may give momentary satisfaction but little self-knowledge or informed analysis
muslim  debate  islam  terrorism  power  community  civ  conflict  europe  population  theory  leader  instapaper_favs 
october 2018 by aries1988
The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages | Reviews in History
what part did the rise of Christianity and the Catholic Church play in the ending of Roman rule? Was the influence of Christianity baleful or liberating?
roman  empire  history  historian  christianity  europe  question  modernity 
september 2018 by aries1988
为了鼓舞日本国民,从1968年开始,作家司马辽太郎在《产经新闻》发表连载小说《坂上之云》,以明治陆军“骑兵之父”秋山好古、被评为“智谋如涌”的海军参谋秋山真之、创作俳句《法隆寺》的诗人正冈子规为主人公,描绘了从明治维新到日俄战争的30余年历史,希望以一本“乐观主义者的故事”来唤醒日本国民对于重建战后日本的热情。“坂上之云”便比喻 当年的日本人一边追逐着“山坡上的云”一边前进,来自明治时代的昂扬感激励起战后日本人重新建设经济强国。

历史上被称为“第〇次世界大战”的战争有很多,如丘吉尔认为普鲁士同盟与法奥俄同盟之间的七年战争(1756-1763)是最早的世界大战,拿破仑战争(1803-1815)、普鲁士统一战争 (1864-1871)都有过类似称呼。相比之下,日俄战争(1904-1905)得获此名的逻辑更为直接:正如二战爆发由一战结束后的“分赃不均”及过度制裁德国而埋下种子,一战爆发的始源也来自于日俄战争后国际关系的变动。



1900s  war  japan  russia  diplomacy  explained  ww1  europe  china 
september 2018 by aries1988
Histoire de la Guerre de Trente Ans (1618-1648) (1/4) : Le grand entretien
Un grand entretien avec l'historien Hervé Drévillon, spécialiste d'histoire militaire pour inaugurer cette série de quatre émissions consacrée à un conflit terrible qui a ensanglanté l’Europe dans la première moitié du 17e siècle : la Guerre de Trente Ans.
europe  xvii  history  war  france  military 
september 2018 by aries1988





由于商业发展和繁荣,中国的富庶地区有着较高的生活水准,然而,明清时候的中国,技术创新并没有鼓励性的回报,理论/形式理性极不发达;最重要的是,新儒家意识形态没有面临重大的挑战,而商人无法利用他们的财富来获取政治、军事和意识形态方面的权力从而抗衡国家的权力。与欧洲情况不同的是,晚期中华帝国维持灿烂的商业的原因不是新儒家世界的衰弱和资产阶级力量的崛起,而是帝国庞大的领土和人口所带来的巨大市场和王朝中期特有的长期政治稳定。当欧洲人在19 世纪持着现代武器抵达中国时,中国并没有走向工业革命而是走向王朝的衰落。中国并非自发地迈入现代化,而是被西方和日本帝国主义拖入到工业化和现代化的历史进程当中。
debate  china  qing  ming  capitalism  modernity  society  state  question  europe  confucianism  to:pdf 
july 2018 by aries1988
历史太大,内容太多,一时不知从何讲起,就先来一碗乱炖,作为开篇吧。 一、人类的文明起点 言中国史,必以汉唐为骄傲,说西洋史,必云希腊罗马如何如何,所谓“光荣属于希腊,伟大属于罗马”。 说大汉,必云匈奴,言盛唐,岂能避开突厥?希腊再光荣,能不提马其顿?罗马再牛逼,也免不了北方蛮族的侵袭。




博望侯张骞所开辟的,李希霍芬所命名的SILK ROAD。




china  europe  comparison  narrative  history  humor  coal  england  modernization 
may 2018 by aries1988
Une histoire de la robe : contrainte ou liberté ?
La représentation de la femme, son rôle, son statut sont directement présents dans ses allures et dans son maintien, au cœur des sensibilités collectives. Entre pudeur et érotisme, entre fluidité et géométrie, entre contrainte et liberté, l’histoire de la robe informe au delà d'ell[...]
history  clothing  reform  europe  female  etiquette  culture  aesthetics  book 
february 2018 by aries1988
History of the calendar from Julius Caesar to Pope Gregory XIII to Colonial America - The Washington Post
Effectively, this was the beginning of verifiable time in the West. Historians can fix nearly exactly any event that occurred after Jan. 1, 45 B.C., after some adjustment calculations. Anything before demands a lot of guesswork.
history  calendar  europe  usa  culture  fun 
january 2018 by aries1988
Winds of change blow through renewable energy market

Developers who have made subsidy-free bids are relying on rises in wholesale power prices, further dramatic cost reductions in the industry and continued developments in wind turbine technology.

Turbines being installed today have a capacity of about 9 megawatts but by the middle of the next decade, developers are hoping to fit much taller, more powerful turbines of 13-15MW. This would mean fewer per project.

Gunnar Groebler, head of wind at Vattenfall, believes the risks of subsidy-free projects can be reduced by striking long-term power supply contracts with large companies, known in the industry as corporate power purchase agreements (PPA). These are growing in popularity in Europe, as large companies, including Microsoft, seek to reduce their carbon emissions and their energy bills. 
2017  energy  eolien  europe 
january 2018 by aries1988
L’industrie, histoire à hauteur d’hommes

Ainsi, d’un livre à l’autre, s’écrit une autre histoire industrielle, nourrie de l’observation des pratiques laborieuses, inscrite dans le temps long et dans des lieux qui, des vallées de Catalogne aux faubourgs de Gênes, sont dépaysants par rapport au textile flamand et aux fumées de Manchester. Ces travaux, en rouvrant le livre des facultés humaines, rendent à l’industrie ses sujets, les hommes et les femmes dont la peine a construit ce monde presque englouti qui fut le nôtre.
industry  history  europe  book 
december 2017 by aries1988
The Interpreter Friday, December 1, 2017: The Problem With Political Quarantines
In some countries, including France and Germany, mainstream political parties practice so-called “cordon sanitaire” politics, in which they agree to work together to keep far-right politicians in a sort of political quarantine. They won’t allow the far right into political coalitions, or work with it on joint legislation.
opinion  idea  politics  election  democracy  deutschland  france  europe  2017 
december 2017 by aries1988
Stalin’s Lengthening Shadow

The authoritarian streak, excused by nationalism. The accusations of anti-state activities against the opposition. The constant references to conservative cultural values — Roman Catholic in Poland, Orthodox in Russia — and enrollment of religious leaders in the political fight. The difficulty in accepting pluralism. The appetite to control the media and civil society.
poland  urss  russia  europe  crisis  value  politics 
november 2017 by aries1988
How Europe's far right fell in love with Australia's immigration policy
Conjuring an imaginary “queue” was a clever way to conflate two different sorts of refugees in the mind of the public: those who manage to reach UN camps and patiently wait for years to be resettled, and those who flee their homelands and attempt to claim asylum upon arrival in Australia. But there is no such queue, because countries are not obliged to take in refugees assigned for resettlement by the UN; if they do, it is purely good will. Signatories to the UN refugee convention are, however, obliged to assess the claims of asylum seekers reaching their shores. Australia is a society obsessed with rules and fairness, and the queue-jumping argument resonates perfectly with a population primed to think in terms of orderly regulations, most of whom have never faced state-sponsored violence or war crimes.

More than 51,000 asylum seekers arrived in Australia by sea between 2009 and 2013.

The EU has earmarked around $2bn in the past two years to address the drivers of migration.

Libya offers a worrying picture of what the future might hold if politicians like Espersen and Le Pen get their way, or if these sorts of outsourced solutions come to be seen as palatable by mainstream parties.

The EU has declared it a goal to “significantly reduce migratory flows by enabling the Libyan coast guard to ‘rescue’ a higher number of migrants and bring them back to Libya before they reach EU ships or EU territory”,

if the Australian model is adopted more fully in Europe, then there will be no hope for legitimate refugees to claim asylum through legal channels, and more of them will seek illegal paths to Europe.

The far right’s goal is to make European social benefits the exclusive property of native-born citizens, a hard-earned jackpot to be protected from the grasping hands of supposedly undeserving new arrivals.

“We are encumbered throughout ex-Christian Europe by the phenomenon of compassion,” he tells me, hinting at the logical endpoint of the policies his ideas have unleashed. “Compassion is fabulous … but it is obvious that without the use of force, we will never stop the invasion.”
far-right  australia  reportage  refugee  2010s  crisis  europe  politics  today 
november 2017 by aries1988
Le syndrome catalan | Le blog de Thomas Piketty
La crise catalane est-elle due à un excès de centralisation et à la brutalité du pouvoir madrilène ? Ou bien plutôt à une logique de mise en concurrence généralisée des territoires et des pays qui a déjà été beaucoup trop loin, en Espagne comme en Europe, et qui conduit à toujours plus de surenchère vers le chacun-pour-soi ?
europe  region  government  state  taxe  debate  crisis 
november 2017 by aries1988
La consommation de charcuterie nuit gravement à la santé

Selon les conclusions du CIRC, rappelle-t-il, le risque de cancer colorectal est accru de 18 % pour une consommation de seulement 50 grammes de viandes transformées par jour – soit à peine deux fines tranches de jambon. Et encore ne s’agit-il là que d’un seul type de cancer, celui qui est le plus étudié en relation avec la consommation de produits carnés transformés…

La toxicité des sels nitrés (à base de nitrate ou de nitrite) est connue depuis plus d’un siècle et la cancérogénicité de certains d’entre eux, depuis plus de 50 ans. Ce qui n’empêche nullement les charcutiers industriels d’en ajouter à la grande majorité de leurs produits.
food  europe  français  industry  scandal  health  book  journalism 
november 2017 by aries1988
Comment Martin Luther a inventé le buzz, 500 ans avant Internet

Il y a 500 ans, Martin Luther publiait ses 95 thèses pour dénoncer le trafic de l'Eglise catholique qui vendait littéralement des places au paradis. Mais le père de la réforme protestante ne s'attendait pas à un si grand succès médiatique. Un entretien avec son biographe en démonte les ressorts.

Beaucoup de laïcs, de gens moyennement cultivés mais qui pouvaient au moins écrire en allemand, se sont faits les diffuseurs des idées de Luther, parce qu’il leur avait apporté un message qui les réconfortait.

C’est aussi quelqu’un qui a su donner une réponse pastorale, apaisante, réconfortante, cohérente, au tourment de ses contemporains qui se demandaient vraiment : "Est-ce que je peux réussir ma mort ? Comment est-ce que ça va se passer pour moi dans l’au-delà ?"

Ce que Luther a compris, c’est qu’il y avait un certain nombre de questions que l’on pouvait traiter dans de petits écrits destinés à un large public et rédigés en allemand. Et cela, ses adversaires ne l’ont pas compris d’emblée.

un bon nombre de clercs et de laïcs se sont mis à leur tour à écrire, à publier ce qu’on appelle des feuilles volantes, des Flugschriften, de petits écrits imprimés, dans lesquels ils exprimaient la manière dont eux avaient compris les idées de Luther. Donc ils se sont faits en quelque sorte des démultiplicateurs des écrits de Luther, et ça, c’est tout à fait nouveau à cette époque.
deutsch  media  communication  mass  religion  zeitgeist  middle-age  leader  movement  europe  history  explained  mentality  question  death  life  bio  book  français 
november 2017 by aries1988
How Martin Luther Changed the World

If the Ninety-five Theses sprouted a myth, that is no surprise. Luther was one of those figures who touched off something much larger than himself; namely, the Reformation—the sundering of the Church and a fundamental revision of its theology. Once he had divided the Church, it could not be healed. His reforms survived to breed other reforms, many of which he disapproved of. His church splintered and splintered. To tote up the Protestant denominations discussed in Alec Ryrie’s new book, “Protestants” (Viking), is almost comical, there are so many of them. That means a lot of people, though. An eighth of the human race is now Protestant.

Indeed, the horrific Thirty Years’ War, in which, basically, Europe’s Roman Catholics killed all the Protestants they could, and vice versa, can in some measure be laid at Luther’s door. Although it did not begin until decades after his death, it arose in part because he had created no institutional structure to replace the one he walked away from.

The Reformation wasn’t led, exactly; it just spread, metastasized.

Why had God given his only begotten son? And why had the son died on the cross? Because that’s how much God loved the world. And that alone, Luther now reasoned, was sufficient for a person to be found “justified,” or worthy. From this thought, the Ninety-five Theses were born. Most of them were challenges to the sale of indulgences. And out of them came what would be the two guiding principles of Luther’s theology: sola fide and sola scriptura.

Luther’s collected writings come to a hundred and twenty volumes. In the first half of the sixteenth century, a third of all books published in German were written by him.

Luther very consciously sought a fresh, vigorous idiom. For his Bible’s vocabulary, he said, “we must ask the mother in the home, the children on the street,” and, like other writers with such aims—William Blake, for example—he ended up with something songlike. He loved alliteration—“Der Herr ist mein Hirte” (“The Lord is my shepherd”); “Dein Stecken und Stab” (“thy rod and thy staff”)—and he loved repetition and forceful rhythms. This made his texts easy and pleasing to read aloud, at home, to the children.

His goal was not to usher in modernity but simply to make religion religious again. Heinz Schilling writes, “Just when the lustre of religion threatened to be outdone by the atheistic and political brilliance of the secularized Renaissance papacy, the Wittenberg monk defined humankind’s relationship to God anew and gave back to religion its existential plausibility.” Lyndal Roper thinks much the same. She quotes Luther saying that the Church’s sacraments “are not fulfilled when they are taking place but when they are being believed.” All he asked for was sincerity, but this made a great difference.
book  bio  reform  leader  religion  history  europe  medieval  story  printing 
november 2017 by aries1988
Interview with Emmanuel Macron: 'We Need to Develop Political Heroism' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International

Nothing here should become habitual, because routine lends one a deceptive feeling of security. You begin not noticing certain things and lose your focus on what's important. Uncertainty and change keep you attentive.

It is a place laden with history. The emperors spent time here, Napoleon I and Napoleon III. In the Fourth Republic, it was the palace of a president without powers. Only in the Fifth Republic did Charles de Gaulle move back in.

Germany is different from France. You are more Protestant, which results in a significant difference. Through the church, through Catholicism, French society was structured vertically, from top to bottom. I am convinced that it has remained so until today.

France is a country of regicidal monarchists. It is a paradox: The French want to elect a king, but they would like to be able to overthrow him whenever they want.

I am a strong believer that modern political life must rediscover a sense for symbolism. We need to develop a kind of political heroism. I don't mean that I want to play the hero. But we need to be amenable once again to creating grand narratives. If you like, post-modernism was the worst thing that could have happened to our democracy. The idea that you have to deconstruct and destroy all grand narratives is not a good one. Since then, trust has evaporated in everything and everyone.

I am putting an end to the cronyism between politics and the media. For a president, constantly speaking to journalists, constantly being surrounded by journalists, has nothing to do with closeness to the people. A president should keep the media at arm's length.
interview  français  deutschland  newspaper  2017  macron  democracy  europe  politics  france  state  president  opinion  comparison  protestant  society  hierarchy  narrative  post  modernity  trust  media  idea  reform  heroism 
october 2017 by aries1988
Warning of 'ecological Armageddon' after dramatic plunge in insect numbers
Three-quarters of flying insects in nature reserves across Germany have vanished in 25 years, with serious implications for all life on Earth, scientists say
environment  entomology  crisis  science  research  numbers  earth  europe 
october 2017 by aries1988
Red Famine by Anne Applebaum — enemies of the people
The famine was an instrument of targeted mass murder. As peasants were dying in the countryside, Stalin launched a brutal attack on the Ukrainian national idea itself. Since the 19th century, Moscow had been hostile towards national groups that challenged the unity of the Russian empire. In Ukraine, the Romanovs embarked upon a programme of accelerated Russification, suppressing local languages, gutting civil society, and depositing outsiders from remote parts of the empire into Ukraine’s towns and cities. Stalin’s “War on Ukraine” was the violent continuum of this quest for hegemony in Europe’s bloodlands. Along with the peasantry, it was directed at intellectuals, politicians, writers, priests and public officials — agents of the nation’s moral and political order.
book  russia  europe  history  1930s  disaster  politics  communism  death  debate 
october 2017 by aries1988
Cinq week-ends en Europe pour un « city break »
A peine rentré, voilà qu’on a déjà envie de repartir. Parce qu’un week-end suffit pour déconnecter, direction Rome, Lisbonne ou Reykjavik pour un « city break » sur mesure.
idea  moi  travel  europe  lisbon  iceland  rome 
september 2017 by aries1988
East Goes West

In the life of a Chinese tourist, guides play an especially prominent role—translator, raconteur, and field marshal—and Li projected a calm, seasoned air. He often referred to himself in the third person—Guide Li—and he prided himself on efficiency. Everyone, our watches should be synchronized, he said. It is now 7:16 P.M. He implored us to be five minutes early for every departure. We flew all the way here, he said. Let’s make the most of it.

We might think you could just make a fake card or manipulate the records—no big deal, Li said. But, if you get caught, the fine starts at eighty-eight hundred euros, and they take away your license! That’s the way Europe is. On the surface, it appears to rely on everyone’s self-discipline, but behind it all there are strict laws.

In Europe, he warned, tactfully, Throughout our trip, breakfast will rarely be more than bread, cold ham, milk, and coffee. The bus was silent for a moment.

some of his older travellers used to have a habit of hiding cash in the toilet tank or the ventilation ducts. The worst case I’ve had was a guest who sewed money into the hem of the curtains,

At a Malaysian casino hotel in 2005, some three hundred Chinese visitors were issued special meal coupons bearing cartoon pig faces. The hotel said that the illustrations were simply to differentiate Chinese guests from Muslims, who don’t eat pork, but the offended Chinese tourists staged a sit-in, singing the national anthem.

Handy and Karen kept an eye on every cent. Within a few days, they could tell me exactly how much we’d spent on each bottle of water in five countries.

On average, a Chinese tourist buys more than a thousand dollars’ worth of tax-free stuff abroad—more luxury bags, watches, and designer clothes than any other nationality, including the Japanese, according to Global Blue, the tax-free-shopping refund service. Chinese tourists abroad spend nearly twice as much on shopping as they do on hotel rooms. Several in our group told me how sorry they were that we weren’t stopping at a place called Aotelaise. The name baffled me. Someone explained that it’s a new Chinese word: outlets.

I didn’t sense overwhelming sympathy. The Chinese have been the world’s most abundant migrants, but these days many believe that they have better job prospects at home than abroad.

He was a sanitation specialist by training, and he couldn’t help but notice Milan’s abundant graffiti and overstuffed trash bins. As Li had explained it, The government wants to clean, but it doesn’t have enough money. Handy tried to be polite, but he said, If it was like this in Shanghai, old folks would be calling us all afternoon to complain.

I was struck that, for all his travels, Zhu saw an enduring philosophical divide between China and the West: two different ways of thinking, as he put it. We will use their tools and learn their methods. But, fundamentally, China will always maintain its own way, he said.
europe  china  tourist  story  youth  gaijin  reportage  travel  shopping  thinking  anecdote  world  work  stereotype  tourism 
august 2017 by aries1988
Nature interrupted: photographs by Claudius Schulze
Natural catastrophes of unbelievable scope have occurred around the world in the past couple of decades, worsened by global warming, erosion, deforestation and ocean acidification, and taking thousands of lives. The fact that Europe has largely been spared is not only due to its specific topography and climate. More than 250 people died in the Alps during the “avalanche winter” of 1951, and more than 300 people in the North Sea floods of 1962. Those were the last natural catastrophes of that scale in central Europe, and provided the impetus for gigantic protective building projects.
europe  flooding  engineering 
july 2017 by aries1988
BepiColombo, une mission dans le barbecue de Mercure
Selon Alvaro Gimenez, directeur scientifique de l’Agence spatiale européenne, BepiColombo « est probablement la mission scientifique la plus compliquée que l’ESA ait menée ».

Au bout du compte, BepiColombo, tout de blanc et d’argent vêtu, est un monstre de complexité. Ce qui explique les nombreux retards qu’il a subis, les 70 % d’innovations qui le composent et aussi un budget de 1,3 milliard d’euros.
astro  europe  planet  mercury 
july 2017 by aries1988
Tracing the Origins of Indo-European Languages
A study suggests that the Indo-European family of languages originated in Anatolia, or modern-day Turkey.
language  history  science  europe  infographics 
july 2017 by aries1988
英国人安德鲁・罗伯茨《 英语为什么前所未有的重要? 》一文,令人感觉又好气又好笑。 有读者留言说此文是“某教育机构软广”,点评到位。语言是一种人类现象,安德鲁・罗伯茨的观察有很多局限,对国际通用语的发展历史更缺乏了解。 安德鲁・罗伯茨说:“在中国境外,很少有人把汉语普通话当作第二语言(因为它极其复杂)。”…
language  comparison  europe  chinese  vocabulary 
july 2017 by aries1988
L’Allemagne se trompe : « Il ne s’agit pas pour elle d’aider la France, mais de sauver l’Europe »
Sans nier les défis économiques, politiques et sociétaux auxquels le pays fait face depuis une dizaine d’années – ni les insuffisances des réponses apportées sous les deux précédents quinquennats –, la France va mieux et elle est désormais sur une bonne pente.

Du coup, l’idée que « l’aide » de l’Allemagne serait nécessaire au succès du nouveau président est non seulement un brin condescendante mais sans doute très éloignée de la disposition d’esprit qui est la sienne. Non seulement ce dernier est-il probablement persuadé de sa capacité à redresser le pays par ses propres moyens et confiant dans la vertu « transformatrice » de sa propre élection, mais on peut supposer que son analyse le conduit à estimer que la France, pour peu que les réformes nécessaires soient menées à bien, peut réussir durablement dans une zone euro dont les critères de stabilité seraient inchangés.

Une analyse que confirment les évolutions de longue durée : si « décrochage » franco-allemand il y a eu depuis 2009, ce n’est pas vraiment le cas à l’aune des vingt-cinq ou trente dernières années, le ratio économique entre les deux pays (mesuré en termes de PIB comparés) étant resté grosso modo équivalent depuis la réunification allemande.
france  deutschland  economy  europe  today  future  opinion  euro  germany 
may 2017 by aries1988
Comment le Sahara nourrit la Méditerranée
« A chaque arrêt, l’eau sera récupérée et mise dans des mésocosmes [réservoirs recréant les conditions d’un milieu naturel]. On augmentera la température de 2 degrés ainsi que la teneur en CO2 pour voir comment le phytoplancton réagit. De cette manière, nous recréons les conditions que nous aurons en 2100 », résume Karine ­Desboeufs. Malgré un appui ­météo au sol, le Pourquoi-Pas ? n’a aucune garantie de croiser la route d’une pluie de poussières sahariennes. En cas de malchance, la campagne ne sera pas vaine pour autant. Des appareils de ­mesure enregistreront simultanément les paramètres chimiques, physiques et biologiques de l’air et des eaux de surface. La comparaison des données permettra de ­rechercher les interactions.
mediterranean  europe  research  science  atmosphere  sea  biology 
may 2017 by aries1988
南方周末 - 统一文字是果,统一国家才是因
language  nation  state  comparison  europe  china  chinese  latin  opinion 
may 2017 by aries1988



question  opinion  eating  restaurant  chinese  europe  time  comparison 
march 2017 by aries1988
« La Turquie a emprunté une voie qui rend impossible son adhésion à l’UE »

Cruelle ironie : l’Europe a permis à l’AKP, le parti islamo-conservateur arrivé au pouvoir en 2002, de saborder l’héritage de Mustafa Kemal dit Atatürk, autoritaire, souvent peu démocratique mais plus européo-compatible par de nombreux aspects.

Second choc, le néo-ottomanisme. Les mauvaises manières faites par Nicolas Sarkozy et Angela Merkel et le turcoscepticisme européen ont clairement découragé une population turque europhile. Amoureuse éconduite, l’opinion turque a laissé Erdogan enfourcher son combat nationaliste.
turkey  europe  history  european  politics 
march 2017 by aries1988
BBC Radio 4 - In Our Time, The Siege of Vienna
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the 1683 siege of Vienna by the Ottoman Army.
podcast  europe  history  turkey  christendom  identity  war 
february 2017 by aries1988
The People Who Pass

Outside the Gare du Nord, there are people streaming from the Eurostar, tourists looking for a week’s pleasure, mingled with travellers recently arrived from Bulgaria and Romania, looking for a job or a new life. The kinds cross, with the French, permanently frowning and suspicious, among them, and the tension rises.

the usual conviction of the French police that the human comedy as it unfolds is so absorbing that to intervene and impose artificial order upon it would be inartistic.

The thieves, and their invisible directors, are perceived by the French public as exclusively Roma—what English speakers often call Gypsies, the nomadic people long idealized as romantic and, for just as long, pursued as petty criminals.

We are manifold and must be respected as individuals—and we are completely different from the rest of you, with our own culture and history, giving us a collective identity that allows us to belong to the larger world of nations, just as you do. It’s our being completely different from the rest of you that makes us like the rest of you.

If Hamidovic was the face of the predatory Roma, Leonarda was the face of their persecution.

The majority should return to their countries. . . . Our role is not to welcome all the world’s misery.

Valls’s words—widely taken both as a testament of no-nonsense enforcement and as a bid for eventual power as Prime Minister or even President

an exasperated account of how the old Republican idea of French identity, open to all through education but still very specific in its style (high-minded) and values (meritocratic to the max), has been demoralized by a slack and hasty pluralism.

They insist, with Finkielkraut, that this angelism is part of a larger, enforced cult of the Other, a compulsory act of celebrating difference that is undermining the French state, so that the defenders of little Leonarda insist on embracing the Other, even as the Other picks their pockets.

In a matter of years, representations of the tsiganes have shifted away from musical talents, bohème, and free spirit to a portrayal of Roma otherness. It is our decision to see kinds that makes us sort kinds.

My daughter, when she was ten, said to her friend, ‘I’d like to eat your belly!’ I was called into the school—the principal was shocked! Perhaps my daughter needed to see a psychiatrist.

On one subject, Carmona is categorical. France is the worst place for Roma to be born. It suffers from centuries of ‘Enlightenment,’ the many centuries that created this Jacobin so-called ‘universalist’ frame without any regard to subjugated knowledge or subjugated peoples. In France, ethnic minorities are not even recognized—there’s a process of negation of identity that leads to the absurd category of ‘gens du voyage.’

If an unashamed, de-complexed agenda of national order and national security is not made plausible, the argument goes, the middle classes will continue their flight to the far right.

Le Pen can be declawed, he thinks, only if mainstream politicians can learn to speak truths that seem obvious to the stressed middle class.

The big problem in France is one of authority. Where is the authority in France? There is no authority in France now. François Hollande is no authority. In the family, where is the authority? In school, where is the authority? The ‘regal’ state of France has become nonexistent.

This is the problem of integration. What you can say twenty years ago, you can’t say it now. It is this question of bien-pensants, of angelism, and the right wing and the left wing are together responsible.

Mobility, rootlessness, nomadism—these are the facts of the new Europe. We must read Victor Hugo. The happy face of nomadism is all the French gone to London to be bankers. The wretched face is the poor Roma in their camps. And, great surprise, the miserables of our time turn out to be poor immigrants in the cold who behave like poor immigrants in the cold. Behind it, beneath it, is the new fear of having no floor beneath one’s feet. Ordinary French people feel that a real fall is possible.
paris  france  immigrant  society  politics  debate  europe  history  identity  immigration  crime  culture  book  intelligentsia  rom 
february 2017 by aries1988
李约瑟对李约瑟难题的回答 -上海书评-东方早报网







civ  china  comparison  europe  history  science  religion  book  critic  chinese  theory  research  question  debate 
january 2017 by aries1988
帝國興衰:西班牙哈布斯堡王朝的崛起與覆亡 | 故事
1517 年,教士馬丁.路德(Martin Luther)提出的《九十五條論綱(Disputatio pro declaratione virtutis indulgentiarum)》,算是壓垮駱駝的最後一根草。對這篇振振有詞的論綱,歐洲社會回響極大,爆發了對教廷的抨擊和示威。神聖羅馬帝國境內很多領地也紛紛改信了新興的基督新教(Protestantism)。
history  europe  Hapsburg 
january 2017 by aries1988
What Nutmeg Can Tell Us About Nafta

neither cosmopolitanism nor parochialism is a virtue in itself. We need to ask: cosmopolitanism in the service of what? Protectionism to what end?

Cloves from around 1700 B.C. have been found at the site of a settlement in Tell Ashara, Syria. To get there, they would have had to travel more than 6,000 miles, through the ports of the Indian Ocean and overland through Mesopotamia.
human  history  world  globalization  commerce  spice  indonesia  europe  netherlands 
december 2016 by aries1988
France’s large share of low-achiever students
a large share of its students have low proficiency in maths, science or reading.
comparison  france  europe  japan  education  highschool 
december 2016 by aries1988
The search goes on | The Economist
The West has gained a lot from Christianity. There is still more to learn
The Christianisation of Europe, he says, was not a bunch of reactionary clerics trying to shut down a noble, free, secular ancient world, but a new idea of “a voluntary basis for human association in which people joined together through will and love rather than blood or shared material objectives”. Christianity declared that humans “have access to the deepest reality as individuals rather than merely as members of a group”.

Out of this, with a reinjection at the Reformation, came the origins of the modern world: a belief in equality of status as the proper basis for a legal system and the assertion of natural rights leading to individual liberty, as well as the notion that a society built on the assumption of moral equality should have a representative form of government.

The Evolution of the West: How Christianity Has Shaped Our Values. By Nick Spencer. SPCK; 190 pages; £9.99.
book  religion  christianity  europe  Renaissance  history  mentality  study  society  opinion  debate  middle-age  antiquity 
november 2016 by aries1988
Meet the IB, Europe’s version of America’s alt-right | The Economist
From France to Austria, the “identitarian movement” gives xenophobia a youthful edge
The movement has a deft way of making xenophobic causes seem palatable to moderates. Mr Sellner uses the Twitter hashtag #remigration to “encourage” African and Asian immigrants to reverse the brain drain by returning to their homelands. He frames insinuations that Muslim immigrants are chauvinists and rapists as a defence of women’s rights. An IB group in Paderborn, near Hanover, recently distributed cans of tear gas to female pedestrians; in the current political context, the message was clear: German women need protecting from those beastly foreigners.
youth  europe  politics  today  immigration 
november 2016 by aries1988
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