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Banyan: Grave concerns | The Economist
The improbable coalition of birdwatchers, conservationists and heritage buffs trying to stop the road are testing the government’s promises of a new responsiveness, or, put another way, the strength of its conviction that it still knows best. The argument over the fate of the graveyard may look like a tussle over Singapore’s past. But it is really about its future.
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august 2013 by aries1988
A continued infrastructure boom: Going underground | The Economist
The minimum core urban population that can qualify a city for an underground system is 3m people, but even a place that big may find the operating costs crippling. Mr Zhao says the systems in Harbin and Kunming are unnecessary.
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august 2013 by aries1988
Stopping asteroid strikes: Defenders of the Earth | The Economist
In 2008, for example, a small asteroid was detected 20 hours before it hit Earth. The world’s astronomers scrambled, and its likely point of impact was calculated with what turned out to be reasonable accuracy. It blew up over the Nubian Desert, in Sudan, and no one was injured.
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august 2013 by aries1988
Driverless automobiles: The car that parks itself | The Economist
Some cars already have systems that assist with parking, but these are not completely autonomous. They can identify an empty parallel-parking space and steer into it while the driver uses the brake. The Volvo system, however, lets the driver get out and use a smartphone application to instruct the vehicle to park. The car then trundles off, manoeuvres into a parking place and sends a message to the driver to inform him where it is. The driver can collect the car in person or use his phone to call it back to where he dropped it off. Autonomous parking could thus be provided at places like shopping centres and airports, which are controlled areas in which automated vehicles can be managed more easily than on open highways.

Ford, for example, recently tested a brake light that can provide an early warning to other motorists. If the brakes are applied hard in an emergency, a signal is broadcast. This illuminates a warning light in the dashboard of suitably equipped following vehicles, even if they are out of sight around a bend or not immediately behind the vehicle doing the braking.

The ordinary-looking BMW 5-series models use a variety of self-contained guidance systems. These include cameras mounted on the upper windscreen, which can identify road markings, signs and various obstacles likely to be encountered on roads.
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august 2013 by aries1988
German business and English: No Denglisch | The Economist
Germany has no official guardian of linguistic purity; the very idea of it would bring back unpleasant memories of the 1930s. France has two: the Académie Française and a separate committee, reporting directly to the prime minister, that monitors businesses and other organisations for neologisms, especially ones imported from English. Offenders are told to use papillon for flyer, tablette for iPad and vignette for widget.

Advertising in Germany is particularly prone to Anglicisms. “There is the illusion that using English shows you are livelier, younger and more modern,” says Holger Klatte of the German Language Association, founded in 1997 to preserve and promote Goethe’s mother-tongue. Zalando, an online clothes shop, is a typical offender with its “Must-haves”, “Basics” and “Shop by Style”. Deutsche Telekom’s slogans include the baffling “Call & Surf Comfort via Funk”.

Ironically, among the reasons for the worldwide success of Audi, a German carmaker, is its slick marketing, which even in English-speaking markets features a German slogan, Vorsprung durch Technik.
from:kindle  language  german  english 
august 2013 by aries1988
BBC Worldwide: Cut-throat or cuddly? | The Economist
BBC Worldwide’s twin tasks are to help finance the BBC and to sell British intellectual property globally. It is the largest exporter of British content, and, outside Hollywood, the biggest distributor of taped programmes, according to Attentional, a media consultancy. As well as selling BBC programmes, including “Doctor Who” and “Top Gear”, to networks in other countries, it runs channels and distributes shows made by independent studios. Last year Worldwide contributed £216m ($333m) to the BBC, a record (see chart).
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august 2013 by aries1988
Charlemagne: Europe’s new frontier | The Economist
And Croatia’s hour has arrived: on July 1st it will become the 28th member of the European Union. The hour may even be approaching for the rest of the western Balkans. Serbia and Kosovo have struck a deal on the status of the Serb minority in the breakaway territory, and Serbia has been given a firm commitment that membership talks will start by next January. Kosovo will open talks on a “stabilisation and association agreement”, a first step. “Wow!” exclaims the European commissioner for enlargement, Stefan Fule. “Who would have thought this would be possible?”

Membership cannot mend everything. The process has not overcome the bitterness of Vukovar’s people. Nor is it certain to fix the Balkans’s many troubles. Yet it offers the best hope of promoting the rule of law and stability. Having failed the people of Yugoslavia in 1991, Europe must not shut the door now.
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august 2013 by aries1988
欧元区失业率达12%创历史新高 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
欧洲上升的失业率和美国复苏的就业形势形成了越来越鲜明的对比,今年2月,美国的失业率下降到7.7%,达到自2008年末以来的最低水平。

一家在失业率高涨的形势下逆势而行的公司是飞机制造商空中客车(Airbus),它已经积累的订单需要七年才能完成,其销售额主要来自欧州之外。该公司的女发言人安妮·加拉贝尔(Anne Galabert)说,公司今年招聘的3000个岗位,有90%会在欧洲,该比例与2011年和2012年的差不多,在这两年空中客车雇佣了超过1万名员工。
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august 2013 by aries1988
北京两类空气污染物同比增30% - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
报道称,环保局表示,这两种污染物的增加在某种程度上也与地形特点和气象条件有关。报道说,北京一月份的空气相对湿度是10年来最高的,地面风速是10年来最小的,这两个因素导致逆温层降低,不利于污染物扩散。

上周日,研究人员发布的数据显示,中国2010年由于户外空气污染而导致的过早死亡人数达120万,几乎占全球总数的40%。这个数据来自对全球主要致死原因的研究,即《2010年全球致病量研究》(2010
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august 2013 by aries1988
Asians Now Largest Immigrant Group in Southern California - NYTimes.com
“It wasn’t cool to be Chinese or cool to be Asian,” he said. “The idea that the San Gabriel Valley could be the locus of some kind of cultural movement or identity is fascinating. They are asserting cultural capital to create Asian-American identity that wasn’t there before, and one that is homegrown, not imported from Taiwan or Hong Kong.”
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august 2013 by aries1988
Japanese Scientist Blames China for Yakushima’s Dying Trees - NYTimes.com
Most visitors come to see Yakushima’s majestic cedar trees, which have so far been unaffected by the mysterious ailment killing the pines. The cedars won the island the distinction of a Unesco World Heritage site in 1993. The cedars were logged for centuries to build some of the great Buddhist temples in the ancient capital, Kyoto. The biggest remaining tree, the gnarled Jomon cedar, measures 16 feet around at the base and is estimated to be at least 2,600 years old.

“The worst is when winds blow from Beijing and Tianjin,” two Chinese cities about 900 miles to the northwest, said Mr. Nagafuchi, 62, who visits Yakushima once a month to collect the data readings. “This is proof that when such a big country industrializes, its effect will spread everywhere.”
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august 2013 by aries1988
La Vie en Szechuan — Restaurant Review - NYTimes.com
The restaurant’s name, La Vie en Szechuan, is less a nod to Edith Piaf than a worldly sounding pitch to the moneyed Chinese who make their way to New York.

On a recent evening, a cheerfully bossy, bespectacled waiter interrupted a tentative order: “We have better duck. Not on the menu.” He lowered his voice. “Made with Budweiser.” The beer, it turned out, is added at the end of the braising, lending a pleasing sourness.
from:kindle 
august 2013 by aries1988
Restoring the Sea and the Romance to Mont-St.-Michel - NYTimes.com
A dispatch in The New York Times in August 1944 described the view of Mont-St.-Michel that American soldiers saw, “racing their tanks across the Norman hills into Avranches.” Built “for war as well as worship,” the writer noted, the Mont “seems to float on the sea as gracefully as a ship under full sail, catching all the changing colors of the clouds.”
from:kindle 
august 2013 by aries1988
Vietnam Clings to Single-Party Rule as Dissent Rises Sharply - NYTimes.com
For casual visitors to Vietnam, surface evidence of economic progress may make it hard to understand the deep pessimism that many express in the country. Millions of people who a decade ago had only bicycles now speed around on motor scooters past factories and office towers.

“In a nutshell, Marx is a great thinker,” he said. “But if we never had Marx it would have been even better.”
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august 2013 by aries1988
肉感而强悍的茄子 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
倒不是有意挑起竞争,但是如果你问我那个老问题:在荒岛上只能选一种食物,我会选什么?我肯定会选茄子,而不是我能想到任何肉类(是的,包括培根)。说茄子比肉还顶用是有点荒谬,但是说它和任何一块肉一样有用,还是很中肯的。
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july 2013 by aries1988
AFRIQUE • Classes moyennes – Un mythe plus qu’une réalité | Courrier international
La classe moyenne est un concept “étirable” à l’infini, simplifié par les grands cabinets de la finance mondiale, habitués à d’autres systèmes économiques.
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july 2013 by aries1988
Chinese Search for Infant Formula Goes Global - NYTimes.com
The lack of supply is a reminder of how the consumption patterns of Chinese — and their rising food and environmental safety concerns — can have far-reaching impacts on critical daily goods around the world.
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july 2013 by aries1988
人文学科不该成为冷门 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
他们能够组合起一串串术语,堆砌起大段大段腹语般的句子结构。他们能够围绕碰巧得到的主题和意识形态概念四散转移,而仅仅这么做就能得到好成绩。但说到清晰、简洁的写作,毫无障碍地阐明自己的想法和情绪、描述他们身边的世界——做不到。

当孩子们进入英语专业后,他们的父母总会担心,英语专业有什么好的呢?从某一方面来说,最好的答案总是:先耐心等等。但这个答案不会让任何人满意。然而这却是正确答案,它能反映出文学学习给思想和语言上带来的多种才能。从前的英语专业学生分布在几乎每一个领域、每一个职业岗位上,他们总是能够在语言、文学等方面带来丰富的潜力。


许多本科生所不知道的,也是他们许多教授未能告诉他们的是,人文学科那些最基本的馈赠未来将会变得多么珍贵。这种馈赠就是思路清晰、行文简明,以及一生对文学的兴趣。
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july 2013 by aries1988
FRANCE • Quand concurrence est un gros mot | Courrier international
par conséquent EDF, une multinationale à l’excellente réputation, ne dégage que des profits négligeables comparé à ses concurrents.
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july 2013 by aries1988
LITTÉRATURE • En France les libraires font de la résistance | Courrier international
Avec un réseau qui compte plus de 2 500 établissements et emploie 13 000 à 14 000 personnes, les librairies indépendantes restent en France la colonne vertébrale du secteur éditorial.

En tout, 41 % des ventes de livres (soit 450,6 millions d’exemplaires en 2011) se font dans ces boutiques.

comme la loi sur le prix unique du livre adoptée en 1981 à l’initiative du ministre de la Culture de l’époque, Jack Lang.
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july 2013 by aries1988
FRANCE • Le combat culturel du village gaulois | Courrier international
Bien des Français considèrent que, si la mondialisation profite aux économies émergentes et à la nation exportatrice qu’est l’Allemagne, elle est plutôt pour eux synonyme d’inconvénients. Ils caressent le rêve d’un retour à des frontières protectrices, à des barrières douanières et à un Etat qui défende l’économie nationale. Ce qui
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
FRANCE • Pourquoi il faut défendre l’exception culturelle | Courrier international
sur le plan commercial, la France résiste mal à la concurrence des nouveaux venus. Sa part de marché dans les exportations mondiales ne cesse de diminuer : en un siècle, elle est passée de 12 % à 3 %, alors qu’en seulement douze ans celle de la Chine a accompli le chemin inverse, passant

Les quatre films ayant le plus rapporté ces derniers temps en France ont été produits à Hollywood, et ce malgré la taxe de soutien au cinéma français prélevée sur tous les billets.

En avril, Leonard Lauder, héritier de l’empire cosmétique Estée Lauder, a fait don au Metropolitan Museum de New York de tableaux cubistes d’une valeur dépassant le milliard de dollars. A elle seule, cette somme est pratiquement équivalente au milliard d’euros de subventions que la France accorde chaque année à son
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Why Web Reviewers Make Up Bad Things - NYTimes.com
It turns out that competitors are not necessarily the ones giving one miserable star to products they did not buy or experiences they did not have. Customers do it — in fact, devoted customers.
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july 2013 by aries1988
TV Foresees Its Future. Netflix Is There. - NYTimes.com
But few would have guessed that Netflix’s software expertise would extend to entertainment produced by top-flight actors, directors and writers. Beginning this year, Netflix streamed four original series —“House of Cards,”“Hemlock Grove,”“Arrested Development” and “Orange Is the New Black.” The shows earned generally good notices, kicked up
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
For Developing World, a Streamlined Facebook - NYTimes.com
More than 100 million people, or roughly one out of eight of its mobile users worldwide, now regularly access the social network from more than 3,000 different models of feature phones, some costing as little as $20.

“In a lot of foreign markets, people think that the Internet is Facebook,” said Clark Fredricksen, a vice president at eMarketer. Those users, Facebook hopes, will become more attractive to advertisers as their incomes grow and they gain broader access to the Web.
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july 2013 by aries1988
被殴致残的上访者在北京机场引爆炸弹 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
他的说法中各种细节暂时还不能得到证实,但是警察野蛮执法和正义得不到伸张在中国却是司空见惯的事情。由于法院系统通常会偏向政府,很多中国人转而到更高级别的机构上访。他们把希望寄托在一个可以追溯到几个世纪以前的传统上:只要开明的官员知道上访者遭受了不公对待,就有可能会替他们做主伸冤。

在航站楼外接受记者采访时,一名目击者说,地面上有一些血迹,但冀中星被带走之后,机场员工迅速清洗了血迹
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july 2013 by aries1988
前苏联航天城辉煌远去 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
In a pork-loving patriarchal world where connections reign supreme, an overweight Muslim woman from a poor family in western China faces significant disadvantages. And she had no facility for numbers, business, not even the names of high-ranking officials. But, by the age of 29, she had already fought harder for our

由于这种依赖关系,现在 NASA 要求其所有受训航天员都会说流利俄语,这样才能毕业,加入宇航员队伍。

俄罗斯正在远东自己的领土上建一个替代的发射场,叫东方港(Vostochny)。拜科努尔城因此被忽视了,正在分崩离析。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
数字化个人健康管理 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
听说过自我量化(Quantified Self)运动吗?这是日渐兴起的用手表、夹子和腕带记录身体运动、睡眠和其他生理功能的运动。其构想是:对日常生活进行持续不断的数字记录,可以给人带来健康生活的动力,比如:把车停得更远一点、提前一站下地铁和多走楼梯等。研究这些图表和数字,你就能生活得更久、更健康。(而且你试图不成为聚会上让人扫兴的人。 )

Flex 可以显示你在每日、每周、每月或每年的步数或卡路里燃烧量,但不能把这些数据和其他因素相关联。例如, Up

但 Flex 的睡眠图不像 Up 那样会区分浅睡眠和深睡眠。你将错过一扇洞察自己的奇妙窗户。 Fitbit 表示,他们之所以省略了

在这两款腕带之间做出选择是一种折磨。 Up 的技术含量更高,功能多得多,但打开盖子和插入耳机接口的设计很不

这些小玩意儿的主要功能都很出色:不断让你意识到自己缺乏活动和睡眠,并以温和、迷人的方式鼓励你让自己的
from:kindle  buy  sports  self  bienetre 
july 2013 by aries1988
日本富人消费旺盛,穷人依然谨慎 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
“安倍经济学只让少数一些幸运者受益,因此我们不想让任何人觉得被落下,”小僧寿司的一个发言人田岛明(Akira Tashima)说。“如果你是幸运者中的一个,我们为你准备了雪蟹。如果你要省钱,我们也有普通的金枪鱼。”
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
鱼翅与中国新娘 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
当我还是个孩子时,鱼翅就属于婚宴必备的菜。一有人结婚,呼噜呼噜——我们就会坐在唐人街宴会包间里,在桌上的十道精致大餐中喝到那种翅丝汤。它令人愉悦,但和感恩节肉汁一样,它只是多盐、胶稠而已。鱼翅本身实际上是没有味道的——汤的口味主要依靠鸡汤、火腿和大量的中国红醋。因为每个人都喝,所以我们也喝,而其他人的理由也都一样。

中国中产阶级消费模式若能发生改变,对于从牛肉到电力和水的一切可能商品都会产生重大影响。政府表现出对反对鱼翅消费的支持也十分关键。任何解决过度捕鱼——或气候变化或空气污染——的长期方案都需要进步的政策,以及进步的消费者。
from:kindle  food  middle-class  china  chinese  mentality  consumer  change 
july 2013 by aries1988
美国监听规模令欧洲盟友震惊 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
和其他专家一样,班福德也表示,华盛顿对德国的兴趣是可以理解的,既因为其政治、经济影响力,也是由于2001年的“9·11”恐怖阴谋就是在汉堡附近的哈尔堡县酝酿的。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
注射死刑不一定比枪决更人性化 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
医生会是最有资格为犯人注射毒药的专业人士,但因为希波克拉底誓词(Hippocratic Oath,俗称医师誓词,是西方医生传统上行医前的誓言——译注),他们一般都被禁止这么做。这样就只能让那些不太有经验的人来注射,而他们犯错的可能性更大,比如找不到血管,或是过早注射导致心跳停止的药物。
承受痛苦的不仅是死刑犯。在越南,主张废除枪决的人说,枪决会给那些扣动扳机的警官带来心理上的伤害。但德诺表示,安排行刑队执行死刑就是为了将个人的自责最小化,也就是说,会有几个人同时开枪,而且其中一支枪发射的是空弹,这样,开枪者就不会知道,到底是他们中的哪一个射出了致命的那枪。距离也可以将行刑人员与囚犯隔开。
from:kindle  ethic 
july 2013 by aries1988
清华藏竹简,经典传千年 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
清华的文稿和另外两批同样可以追溯到公元前300年前后的收藏(其中一批发掘自湖北省,也就是历史上的楚国地区,另外一批也是在香港的艺术品市场上购得的)合起来包括以下内容:已知最早版本的古代占卜书籍《易经》;《诗经》中此前一直无人知晓的诗篇;被认为是出自孔子之手、但后来没有收入《论语》传世版本的文章;老子所著《道德经》的最早版本(同后来的版本相比有许多不同);以及《尚书》中一些此前不为人知的章节,《尚书》是儒家的经典史书,收录了杰出帝王的治国方略言论,有重要的政治意义。这部作品后来成了后世统治者要摧毁的目标。

艾伦说,在这些著作被埋入地下约100年后,秦朝第一位皇帝在中国进行了一次“文学大屠杀”,这一点很重要。他下令焚烧书籍,禁止私人图书馆的存在,将中文书面语言的标准化,从而塑造了延续数千年的思想传统。这一传统要求重写所有作品,重写时,不受欢迎的理论被剔除掉。

“我们收到竹简的时候,它们都是湿透的,含水量高达400%,“清华团队的成员之一刘国忠说。他做了一个朴实的比喻:“就像煮面条一样。要把面条煮这么软是需要花时间的。”
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Returning students: Plight of the sea turtles | The Economist
turtles often cling to quaint Western notions like transparency, meritocracy and ethics, which puts them at a disadvantage in China’s hyper-Darwinian economy, where locals are more willing to do whatever the boss or client wants.

“If China wants to bring back the best, it needs a fundamental reform of its academic and scientific institutions” to break the power of politicised administrators over hiring and funding.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Wild Salmon Is Worth the Price - NYTimes.com
With the abundance of relatively low-priced farmed salmon, however, many of us succumb. But the flavor of farmed salmon doesn’t even compare. It’s like the difference between a free-range chicken and one that’s been factory raised.

Wild salmon swims long distances, its color a result of a natural diet of krill, plankton and algae. Farmed salmon languishes in pens, and its pink color comes artificially.

All that is needed to complete this salad is a green herb sauce: sauce verte in French. It’s basically a zippy vinaigrette with shallots, capers and a mixture of herbs, mostly parsley. Use chervil, too, if you can find it. It is similar to parsley but more delicate, with a
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july 2013 by aries1988
Front Burner: An Unusual Vegetable, Ceramic Ice Cream Cones and More - NYTimes.com
Concentrated Shiitake in a Bottle

Call it liquid shiitake mushrooms. This dark, rich concentrate imported from Japan is ready to add to sauces or brush on meat, fish or vegetables, contributing a deep, mushroomy finish to the flavor. It’s also excellent to add to pasta, like a toss of cool soba with sautéed shiitakes. Use it sparingly; a little goes a long way: Mitoku Concentrated Shiitake Broth is $15 for 10 ounces at Bklyn Larder, 228 Flatbush Avenue (Bergen Street), Park Slope, Brooklyn; (718) 783-1250, bklynlarder.com.
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july 2013 by aries1988
In Portugal, a Protector of a People Is Honored - NYTimes.com
“You hear about people who argued that they couldn’t help because it was wartime and they had their own family to worry about, but here was a man with a career, a wife and an incredible amount of children who certainly did do something for others,” Ms. Hartog said.
from:kindle  choice  portugal  ww2 
july 2013 by aries1988
坠机求生 - 国际 - 南都周刊
斯塔普实验影响了飞机安全带和座椅的设计,虽然他发现后向的座椅的安全性能更好,但民航飞机并没有采用这个措施,可能是因为这种座椅太怪异了。

过去的飞机事故让美国联邦航空管理局和欧洲航空安全管理局要求飞机制造商和航空公司确保,哪怕是在一半的舱门和逃生滑梯无法使用的情况下,在发生紧急事故的90秒内,也能完成乘客的疏散,空客的A380飞机曾经在2006年通过了这项测试,873名机上人员在80秒内撤离了飞机。

起落架脆弱而易于折断,这样它就能轻易从飞机上脱落,而不会刺穿位于它正上方的油箱而引起大火。赫斯曼称,飞机的油箱并没有被刺穿,是飞机机油引起了火势,但燃烧得比较缓慢。

波音777的安全门是向外滑动,这让它比波音737更方便操作,737的增压塞门需要向内拉动才能开启。“新的安全门系统工作不错,滑梯出了点小问题,” 沃多克说。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
英国小王子取名乔治,向女王父亲致敬 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
历史上已有六位乔治国王,其中的乔治三世(George III)因为精神失常以及在位期间输掉了保卫北美殖民地的战争,在历史上很出名。除了引发的历史的回想之外,乔治之所以成为下注者首选,还因为它对王室有着难以磨灭的情感意义。伊丽莎白女王的父亲便是1952年因肺癌去世的乔治六世。

尽管他在位期间带领英国经历了二战,且凭借自己的稳健赢得了广泛赞誉,但据说他的家人,尤其是他的妻子伊丽莎白王后(Queen Elizabeth)和女儿——即现任女王——相信,他以56岁的年纪过早离世,在一定程度上是他从未希望成为国王却走上王位带来的压力导致的。

1979年,蒙巴顿勋爵遭爱尔兰共和军(Irish Republican Army)炸弹袭击后身亡。查尔斯王子的传记作者表示,他在童年时代与父母关系疏远,蒙巴顿勋爵被他视为养父。
from:kindle  british  celebrity  monarchy  history 
july 2013 by aries1988
Tibet: A new way forward | The Economist
death of the present Dalai Lama might well be the beginning, not the end, of real problems in Tibet: freed from the constraint of the exiled leader’s personal authority and his insistence on a non-violent stance, a younger generation of angry Tibetans may turn aggressive.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
社交应用为成人交友打开方便之门 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
来自北京人民大学的马克思主义和历史学者宋少鹏说,“一方面是新技术,另一方面是性和欲望,两者相结合产生了新的可能性。”

尽管微信已树立了市场领先地位,但“陌陌”也在快速增长。公司发言人文亚娟表示,截止7月份,“陌陌”已拥有5000万用户。“陌”在中文里可以用来表示“陌生”或“陌生人”。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Some Mormons Search the Web and Find Doubt - NYTimes.com
But when he discovered credible evidence that the church’s founder, Joseph Smith, was a polygamist and that the Book of Mormon and other scriptures were rife with historical anomalies, Mr. Mattsson said he felt that the foundation on which he had built his life began to crumble.
from:kindle  religion 
july 2013 by aries1988
WEB • Jason Trigg – Programmeur au grand cœur | Courrier international
Selon ses calculs, il suffit de 2 500 dollars pour sauver une vie humaine. Là où il travaille, un analyste quantitatif peut facilement gagner plus de 100 000 dollars par an. En donnant la moitié de son salaire de Wall Street, explique Trigg, il peut sauver davantage de vies qu’avec un salaire de chercheur.
from:kindle  money  mind  choice  philanthropy 
july 2013 by aries1988
中美民众间好感下降,不信任增强 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
总的来说,美国在世界上的受欢迎程度高于中国,美国受欢迎程度的中位值是63%,中国的是50%。调查显示,人们认为美国比中国更尊重公民的个人自由,绝大多数来自德国、法国和西班牙的被调查者认为个人自由在中国被忽视。

中国在非洲最受欢迎,赞同率为 72% ,接下来是在亚洲和拉丁美洲,赞同率为 58% 。中国在欧洲的赞同率为 43% 。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
缅甸佛教极端势力抬头,引起他国佛教徒警觉 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
多年来,世界已经习惯了佛教的温和形象:达赖喇嘛的谦虚言辞,以佛教为灵感来源的冥想在全球流行,以及来自东南亚和其他地方、赤脚的僧人在黎明时分从村民接受施舍的明信片般的祥和场景。

但在过去一年里,狂暴的缅甸佛教徒手持刀剑,阿欣威拉杜等僧人开展辱骂性的讲经说法,这样的形象突显了极端佛教在缅甸的崛起,暴露了缅甸在结束数十年军事统治时代之后更大自由的阴暗面。无法无天的佛教暴徒已经杀害了200多名穆斯林,并把逾15万人(主要是穆斯林)驱离家园。
阿欣威拉杜是这场激进运动的精神领袖,他在言论自由与煽动之间打着擦边球,利用缅甸在脆弱的转型期放松了的言论限制。他本人当年曾被军政府监禁八年,罪名是煽动仇恨。去年,阿欣威拉杜和数百名政治犯一起获释。
佛教在缅甸的地位似乎非常稳固。九成缅甸人是佛教徒,商界、政府、军队及警方高层领导几乎都是佛教徒。缅甸大约有5500万人口,穆斯林少数族裔所占比例估计为4%-8%,其余主要是基督教徒和印度教徒。
3月骚乱过后,达赖喇嘛表示,以宗教的名义进行杀戮是“不可思议”的,他督促缅甸佛教徒在佛像面前思索并寻求指引。
“缅甸的僧人很孤立,同世界其他地方的佛教徒联系甚少,”拜讪法师说。唯一的例外是另一个历史上深受族群冲突之苦的斯里兰卡。缅甸僧人受到斯里兰卡僧伽罗僧人所扮演的强硬政治角色的启发,僧伽罗人是斯里兰卡的多数族裔。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
An Illegal Marriage That Benefits Society? - NYTimes.com
If you married this woman, it would be positive for society. It would be transformative for her children, it would eliminate the possibility of her being taken advantage of by someone marrying her for financial gain and it would add a hardworking person to the American populace. I suppose some will argue it would unjustly place her in a position to take a job from a “more deserving” U.S. citizen, but I don’t believe mere citizenship entitles anyone to a job.
from:kindle  citizen  usa  ethic  opinion 
july 2013 by aries1988
Riots in France: Trouble in Trappes | The Economist
Trappes is a poor place in a wealthy department (Yvelines), made up of market towns and neat commuter suburbs. With a big Muslim population, it has a history of hard-line Salafist Islam, which has been watched by French intelligence for years. Yet Trappes is also the home town of three

A ban on the wearing of all “ostentatious” religious symbols, such as the Muslim headscarf, in public schools was passed with Socialist support in 2004. Many French Muslim women approved of the burqa ban, on the grounds that the covering has no tradition in the northern African countries with historic
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Architectural bombast | The Economist
In style they range from modernist brutalism to Versailles kitsch.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
The search for civic virtues: The unkindness of strangers | The Economist
Yet the Chinese still operate, more than the people of countries where trust is stronger, through networks of kin, hometown acquaintances and work colleagues. Outside such networks, people do not always see it as their responsibility to help strangers, however acute their need. China’s traumatic years under Mao Zedong only only reinforced the instinct. The Communist Party destroyed people’s relations with many institutions, including, sometimes, their own families. Speaking or acting in public for the sake of others at a time of political persecution might have deadly consequences. This has added to what Charles Stafford, an anthropologist at the London School of Economics, calls an abiding “anxiety” about sticking your neck out for other people.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Buddhism v Islam in Asia: Fears of a new religious strife | The Economist
Radical monks, led by a notorious chauvinist, Wirathu, from a monastery in the northern city of Mandalay, have abandoned any claims to Buddhism as a universal doctrine of compassion and non-violence. For them Buddhism equates with a narrow nationalism. They argue, quite simply, that unless the majority-Buddhist population fights back, Muslims, with alarmingly high birth rates, will overrun the country. On July 22nd he claimed that a small explosion in a car near where he was preaching was the work of Islamic extremists. It all taps into old resentments against the big influx of Indians, many of them Muslim, who came into the country on the coat-tails of British colonialists during the 19th and early 20th centuries. They ran much of the country’s finance and commerce, and were hated for it by the indigenous Burmans. Race riots against Indians and Muslims in the 1930s in Yangon (then Rangoon, the capital) and elsewhere were whipped up then, as now, by a chauvinist Buddhist press.

They propose that Buddhist women must seek permission from local officials to marry a man of another faith; meanwhile, the husband-to-be should convert to Buddhism. Under Myanmar’s former military rule, such ideas had little chance of becoming law, but with the onset of democracy all that has changed.

They may have been inspired by an imprisoned radical cleric, Abu Bakar Basyir, who in April called for a jihad against Myanmar’s Buddhist population.
from:kindle  religion  asia  future  islam  conflict 
july 2013 by aries1988
Business this week | The Economist
EasyJet flew 16.4m passengers in the three months to June, up 2.6% on last year. The budget airline’s revenue grew by 10.5% in the second quarter, to £1.14 billion ($1.75 billion), as frugal consumers snapped up cheap holiday flights well in advance.
from:kindle  easyjet 
july 2013 by aries1988
欢迎来到曼谷的“绿肺” - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
掉落的椰子、木瓜树丛、佛教寺庙,还有九英尺长的巨蟒。高架人行步道在丛林里绵延数英里,非常适合骑行——欢迎来到Bang Krachao公园,辽阔湄南河怀抱里一个没有雾霾且受政府保护的绿洲。
这个葱茏小岛与曼谷只有一河之隔,因而更加引人瞩目。Bang Krachao公园里棕榈婆娑,轮廓好像人类的肺,故有“曼谷绿肺”的昵称。与对岸的水泥丛林相比,反差非常强烈。曼谷市中心的席隆(Silom)商业区距离公园只有6英里。
from:kindle  travel 
july 2013 by aries1988
游学夏令营,高昂代价换来了什么? - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
如果你是一个六年级以上城市孩子的家长,那么,从六年级一直到高二,学校每年寒暑假的前两个月就会向你发放假期海外学生活动邀请信,如果你不打算去国外,好吧,学校在寒暑假前一个月还会向你发放国内旅游的远足活动邀请,你还不打算参加?孩子会向你表达:我们班40个同学,有一半都去了啦;老师说我们初中必须参加至少两次的远足活动;妈妈,我用自己的压岁钱去参加英国的夏令营吧!

以美国为例,如果是10日行的夏令营(市场上有很多该类产品,比如美国西部10日夏令营、附加了加州大学洛杉矶分校[UCLA]英语培训的10日夏令营),基本往返去掉2天,美国国内飞机和交通小计去掉2天,观光景点小计去掉2天,迪斯尼1天,购物1天,能够在美国当地学校或家庭交流的时间满打满算只有16个小时。

比如 2013 年英国伦敦、牛津、剑桥 10 日游,旅行社给学校的报价是 3.5 万元人民币,但如果是自助游,参考市场价,1.5万元人民币也可以拿下,即使是吃住奢华一点,2.5万元足矣。
from:kindle  numbers  youth  usa 
july 2013 by aries1988
无人驾驶汽车将怎样改变未来城市生活? - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
“我可以在我的无人驾驶汽车里睡觉,或是在车的后面放一台固定式健身脚踏车,可以在上班的路上锻炼,”他说,“我在车里度过的时间会在本质上大为不同。”
driving  from:kindle  technology  future 
july 2013 by aries1988
“理科女生”挑战日本传统性别观念 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
她说,学习文科的日本女性在人们看来更优雅更具吸引力,尤其是在以学生形象时尚而闻名的青山学院大学(Aoyama Gakuin University)。“但是一提到理科女生,人们立刻就会联想到蓬头垢面不修边幅的形象。让男人觉得一点都不可爱。”

根据日本文部科学省(Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology)的统计数据,日本大学理工类学生中女生比例仅为14%,尽管女生占日本高校(除去医学和农业院校)学生总数的43%。在人文类学科中,女生比例却占到66%。
from:kindle  japan  education 
july 2013 by aries1988
福岛核电站前任站长因癌症逝世 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
“我们现在的情况恐怕非常危险了,”在指挥室因又一次的爆炸而剧烈晃动时,吉田在视频中说。“但是我们冷静一下。大家都深呼吸。吸气,呼气。”

在门田隆将(Kadota Ryusho)的一本关于吉田的书中提到,2011年12月他在离开福岛第一核电站的那天,曾将属下召集到一起。

“你们还要面对一条艰难的路,但我知道你们能挺过去,”书中引用吉田的话说。“我一定会尽全力回来的。”
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
燃煤污染致中国北方人均寿命低于南方 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
周一,美国一家权威科学期刊公布一项研究结果称,近几十年,中国南方人的平均寿命至少比北方人长5年,原因是北方广泛使用煤炭,导致的污染对健康造成了毁灭性影响。

这些研究者发现,在南方的平均污染水平之上每增加每立方米 100 微克微粒物质,出生时的预期寿命就减少 3 年。

同样来自官方记录的污染数据表明,淮河以北的颗粒物浓度每立方米比南部高 184 微克,也就是高出 55% 。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Lost in Arizona Fire, an Elite Crew That Rushed In - NYTimes.com
They were trained and often expected to be on the ground for up to 21 days without a break, charging into fire with 40 pounds of gear on their backs. Using chainsaws and pickaxes, they were given the job of getting close to big fires, to dig deep trenches and clear the ground of dried branches and leaves, to try to keep the fire from spreading.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Trip Treats Africa as Land of Promise, Troubles Aside - NYTimes.com
Mr. Obama chose an itinerary that was largely safe and heartwarming. His three-nation tour of sub-Saharan Africa, which ended Tuesday, avoided hot spots in favor of places where development is succeeding, investment is increasing and democracy is, in at least two of the cases, well established.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
A Chinese Virtue Is Now the Law - NYTimes.com
Chinese officials apparently think it is not enough these days to count on tales and parental admonitions to teach children the importance of filial piety, arguably the most treasured of traditional virtues in Chinese society.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
空气污染可能有抑制风暴的效果 - 纽约时报中文网 国际纵览
正如许多人记忆中的那样,上世纪七八十年代,北大西洋很平静,尤其是没什么大型飓风,从而制造出一种虚假的
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
Touch Screens Are Tested for Piloting Passenger Jets - NYTimes.com
Touch screens first made their way into military jets two decades ago, when Thales integrated the technology into the cockpit of the French Rafale fighter. The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter being developed by Lockheed Martin will also have instrument panels with touch-screen interfaces. But the concept is still relatively new
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
浅谈信用卡的安全使用
http://www.instapaper.com/read/399872876
不用双币卡(这里说的卡,除非另作说明,皆指信用卡,而非借记卡)。双币卡,也就是银联( China UnionPay——Union 和 Pay 之间无空

我自己的用卡组合:虽然有 60 多张大陆各家银行的信用卡,但国内主刷的是中国银行单银联白金卡精英版、东亚银
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
South Korea strives for soft power | News | guardian.co.uk
http://www.instapaper.com/read/399656700
As Kim put it:“When we were a developing country, we made our living through manufacture. Now we have to move on and live by the culture industry.” With a history going back 5,000 years there is a deep well to draw from.
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
豆瓣:如何用,如何更好用(上)
http://www.instapaper.com/read/398920470
短评,倘若是阅读有所体会或思考,还是尽量记录下来,这对于自己来说,会是有意义的事情。人的记忆力总是有
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
傻逼,那不是种族歧视
http://www.instapaper.com/read/395643475
你并非维护了正义,并非维护了民族尊严,并非为自己争取到了丰厚的利益,反而可能在对方心中种下了“中国人

当一个个体,从跟某个族群的接触中获得的不良体验突破了一个临界值的时候,这个人就会对这个族群产生偏见。
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
知乎问答:如何迅速定位某个领域的最佳书籍?
http://www.instapaper.com/read/395090725
首先最佳书籍这个说法不合适,最佳书籍的概念太泛,对于入门,中级和专家,不同人眼中的最佳是完全不同,因

打分的书一定要出版 2 年以上, 500 、 1000 人以上这个分数的水份才小一点。半年以内的书,分数没法衡量书的质量,
howto  biblio  pkm  from:kindle  reading 
july 2013 by aries1988
南方周末 - 超低生育率:西方文明的真正危机
http://www.instapaper.com/read/394990790
衡量人口生育率高低的基本指标是总和生育率( Total Fertility Rate , TFR ),指的是每个妇女在其生育年龄( 15 至 49 岁)生育的

第一种是新加坡模式,雇员和雇主的缴费都入个人账户,仍是个人财产,政府只是强制你储蓄和投资,将来退休之

西欧模式的强制社保体现了对人类基因的极大抑制能力、对人类本能的极大改造能力,只是这种强而为之的抑制和
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
When an Assignment Abroad Is Over: What Will You Miss Most? - NYTimes.com
http://www.instapaper.com/read/394989449
The unparalleled beauty of the city. The ubiquitous and exquisite flower shops. Going everywhere on a bicycle — to work, to shop, out to dinner, to the movies. The ease of getting around Europe. Running on the soft paths of Luxembourg Gardens. The museums. The ballet. The American musicals at

The first cherry tomato I popped into my mouth in France was a revelation. Peaches are rich and velvety, chosen by the fruit sellers by feel and smell for the day you plan to eat it. Pour aujourd’hui ou demain? they ask. The soup man at the market on the
from:kindle 
july 2013 by aries1988
人人为何自危?-看点-虎嗅网
http://www.instapaper.com/read/393920292
作为一名曾经的重度用户,我能在人人首页看到最新的好友照片是三年前上传的。我现在已看不到任何好友状态更
from:kindle 
june 2013 by aries1988
为什么说豆瓣是一款好产品?-虎嗅网页版
http://www.instapaper.com/read/393920259
实际上,说豆瓣是一个产品群更为合适。从最初的读书、音乐、电影、小组、同城,到豆列、广播、九点、阿尔法

豆瓣通过用户形成了一种氛围。这个氛围让寂寞不再寂寞,让浮躁安静,让冷淡热情,让乏味有趣,让沉寂活跃。
douban  from:kindle 
june 2013 by aries1988
一个保守主义者的一星差评_刘夙_新浪博客
http://www.instapaper.com/read/393760193 一个保守主义者的一星差评
我是保守主义者,或者更准确地说,是实证保守主义者。在我看来,共产主义和激进自由主义一样,都是被证明已
googlereader  from:kindle 
june 2013 by aries1988
How the French lost their je ne sais quoi - Comment - Voices - The Independent
http://www.instapaper.com/read/393415674
Oops, I have just demonstrated with that last sentence what the lovers of “correct” French don’t like about the influence of English – the use of the passive.

They cringe when their fellow citizens say “vous êtes demandé au téléphone”. What they wish to hear is “on vous demande au téléphone”.

as Luc Ferry, the French philosopher and former Minister of Education, puts it: these students will return home with a bit of France in their backpacks even if they are taught in English.
from:kindle 
june 2013 by aries1988
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