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aries1988 : greek   13

何谓“欧洲文明”?

陈乐民、周弘认为,促进欧洲社会发展和进步的文明,主要是指:以求真善美的希腊思想为源头的哲学、伦理学和美学;重视社会效能的政治学、经济学、法学;凝合人生、人性、人格至善本性的基督教精神;探索宇宙,改造自然,造福人类的科学实践。

马克思在分析希腊和罗马建立殖民地根源时非常精辟的一段论述:“在古代国家,在希腊和罗马,采取周期性地建立殖民地形式的强迫移民是社会制度的一个固定环节。这两个国家的整个制度都是建立在人口的一定限度上的,超过这个限度,古代文明就有毁灭的危险。……由于生产力不够发展,公民权要由一种不可违反的一定数量对比关系来决定。那时,惟一的出路就是强迫移民。”这种贸易和殖民的过程,也是希腊人开始走向文明的过程。
LOL

西欧文明之所以有深厚、持久的历史文化传统和创造性活力,其根本原因在于:西欧进入文明社会以来,在特定历史条件下,它经历了约两千五百年的奴隶制社会,一千多年的封建制社会,近四百年的资本主义社会,这些社会形态及其历史阶段都得到比较充分的发展,而且西欧文明在各历史阶段,又善于从周边的诸多外部文明中吸纳、摄取优秀文化成果,才使自身得以发展、壮大。
FRD Norbert Elias

刘文明认为,“文明”观念在欧洲经历了一个演变过程,它源于中世纪宫廷社会的“宫廷礼仪”,经文艺复兴时期的“礼貌”,最终于18世纪中叶出现“文明”这一名词,到19世纪发展成为具有“现代”意涵的“文明”概念。在这一过程中,通过自诩为“文明”群体的“自我”与被贬低为“野蛮”群体的“他者”之间的互动,欧洲人对“文明”的认知及自我“文明”的认同得到强化,并将“文明阶梯”的空间序列时间化,以欧洲经验为基础的“文明”概念被建构起来。
2000s  book  academia  chinese  europe  civ  origin  debate  greek  emigration  antiquity 
october 2018 by aries1988
异乡人——雷立柏:东西方的对话不只有手机和高铁,还有孔子和柏拉图|一周精选|深度|异乡人|端传媒 Initium Media
“中国古代的理性文明都遇到了天花板,他们的科学研究没有连续起来,”雷立柏说,“反倒是黑暗的欧洲中世纪里,天文学、物理学、数学、逻辑学和工程学都和神学一起发展起来了,产生了哥白尼和伽利略这样的人。宗教的强大并没有阻碍科学的发展,它不是科学的敌人,反倒是朋友。”
gaijin  beijing  latin  language  study  greek  science  history 
february 2018 by aries1988
How walking a labyrinth can trace a route to self-knowledge | Aeon Essays
I could never have gotten myself lost. In the Mizmaze there is one entrance and one exit, and one route between them: by one definition this makes it a unicursal ‘labyrinth’ rather than a multicursal ‘maze’, which presents choices between alternative paths.
definition  myth  greek  architecture  garden  archaeology  philosophy 
november 2017 by aries1988
Why the White House Is Reading Greek History
Getty The Trump team is obsessing over Thucydides, the ancient historian who wrote a seminal tract on war. The Trump White House isn’t known as a hot spot for…
politics  greek  legend  today  geopolitics  usa  china 
july 2017 by aries1988
Beginning Greek, Again and Again
Reading Greek (or Latin) depends, first and foremost, on recognition of case endings. A student must develop an instinct for seeing the word “anthrōpou” as “of a man,” “anthrōpois” as “for men,” and similarly with eight other forms of the same word. To look for meaning rather than case, to see only “man” in either word, is what readers of English are programmed to do. My task, as a teacher, is to defeat this impulse. The experience of reading without reference to word order, once students “get it,” can be exhilarating, like being freed from a kind of gravity.

But for reasons I don’t understand, some take far longer than others to “get it,” and a few never will. Lack of intelligence isn’t the problem; it’s more about adaptability, acceptance of change. How long should such students go on in the language, hoping for an epiphany? Should I encourage them to continue? And if I do, is it only to assuage my own sense of failure?
teaching  language  greek 
january 2016 by aries1988
Name that country: What to call Macedonia?
Alexander was Greek — his tutor was Aristotle the philosopher — and grew up in the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia, which stretched across the modern border towards Skopje, before setting out on his trail of conquests.

Meanwhile, ethnicity in Macedonia is so mixed it gave the French a word for fruit salad. In the modern republic there are Slavs, who consider themselves ethnically Macedonian and a big Albanian minority, along with smaller groups of Vlachs, Bulgarians, and Roma people.
greek  conflict  history  nation  name 
december 2015 by aries1988
希腊,海岛,猫 (7.电饭锅真是带对了和天杀的蓝)
小风在扎岛订了一间比较贵的海边公寓,Kymothoe Elite,镇中心旅馆的标间40欧一天就能搞定,我们这个四人公寓呢,要105欧一晚,宽大安静,厨房设施也全,出了院子就是海边乱石崖,坐在院子里看海看星空也是醉了。院子里有个大浴缸,能烧热水的那种鸳鸯浴缸,飘着白纱,跟广告片里的场景似的,不过呢,整天下大雨的时候,看着这个浴缸和床单一样的围布在风雨飘摇中特别可笑。也幸亏订了这个海景公寓,下雨的时候坐在客厅里听音乐,观赏爱琴海中雨和大风,雨花飞溅,玩玩手机,还不算枯燥,话说东北五常大米蒸饭就是香……
greek  story  hotel  travel 
august 2015 by aries1988

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