recentpopularlog in

aries1988 : han   2

Good and Bad Muslims in Xinjiang - Made in China Journal

if China was pursuing an anti-Muslim policy, then wouldn’t we expect it to also sweep up the Sinophone Hui Muslims in Xinjiang? Uyghurs seem to be ending up in internment camps not because they are Muslims, but because they are Uyghurs.

Muslims who conform to the stereotype of the brown-skinned Muslim. Simply put, they will not be racialised as Muslim. Similarly, we might posit that in Xinjiang the Uyghurs have become racially Muslim in ways that the Sinophone Hui have not. Their Central Asian features increasingly signify the category ‘Muslim’, that is to say, more so than they do the category ‘Uyghur’, a classification which is losing its salience at administrative levels as the promises of China’s minzu (民族) system—the national (or ethnic) rights enshrined in the constitution—fall by the wayside.

even in times of conflict, it was rare for officials to attribute anti-state or anti-Han violence to any inherent flaw in the Islamic faith. While often disparaging of non-Chinese religions, China’s intellectual tradition had no ‘Orientalist’ discourse comparable to that of the West, which furnished explanations of Muslim anti-colonial violence in terms of a congenital ‘fanaticism’.

Just as Sufism did not necessarily cultivate a pluralistic pacifism, nor was the call to return to Islam’s founding texts—the Qurʾan and the Hadith—invariably accompanied by a rigid anti-Chinese militancy.
islam  xinjiang  china  2019  policy  world  terrorism  religion  critic  comparison  han 
5 weeks ago by aries1988
为什么历史上会出现先进文明被落后文明征服的情况? - 知乎

有观点认为宋朝市民阶层活跃,官学私学兴起,皇帝与士大夫共天下,在人文精神方面堪比文艺复兴。一连串的窝囊废皇帝确实缺少权威,官民发声也是好事,但宋朝搞来搞去的人文精神,结果居然是推崇圣人训的程朱理学。“为天地立心,为生民立命,为往圣继绝学,为万世开太平”。这种酸腐的呓语被当做时代的强音,哪里有文艺复兴中质疑上帝说的影子?

经济繁荣之下,很多人会有很多奇思妙想并付诸实践。宋人先记录再说,不管是否成熟或能推广应用。夸大的文字描述与真实的技术功效之间,经常在有意无意中充满了欺骗性,最典型的例子就是沈括在《梦溪笔谈》中记述毕昇的泥活字印刷术。

元朝没能像法兰克王国扭转欧洲进程那样扭转中国的进程,其新拓展的疆域与汉文化不能相容。蒙古人和汉人的交流也不成功,在元末农民起义的大潮中,又退回蒙古高原,成为固守漠北的最后一支民族。

辽宋金元更替时期的另一个深远影响是中国的政治中心发生了变化。唐朝后期,关中平原因千年持续开发,植被破坏及水土流失严重,已无地利可言。唐末,长安、洛阳毁于战火,五代中除后唐定都洛阳,其他四朝均定都于华北平原的汴梁,随后北宋也顺势定都汴梁,完成了政治中心的一次东移。但是汴梁地理条件较差,地势过低,靠近黄河和大运河的便利不能抵消水患连连,最终在辽金的持续冲击下被放弃。
region  theory  history  war  state  civ  question  song  china  han 
april 2019 by aries1988

Copy this bookmark:





to read