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How Islam Created Europe - The Atlantic
“the West” emerged in northern Europe (albeit in a very slow and tortuous manner) mainly after Islam had divided the Mediterranean world.

“The West,” if it does have a meaning beyond geography, manifests a spirit of ever more inclusive liberalism. Just as in the 19th century there was no going back to feudalism, there is no going back now to nationalism, not without courting disaster. As the great Russian intellectual Alexander Herzen observed, “History does not turn back … All reinstatements, all restorations have always been masquerades.”

Europe must now find some other way to dynamically incorporate the world of Islam without diluting its devotion to the rule-of-law-based system that arose in Europe’s north, a system in which individual rights and agency are uppermost in a hierarchy of needs.
europe  today  immigration  future  opinion  islam  mediterranean 
october 2018 by aries1988
湯禎兆:日本已成移民大國!實習生謊言與西川口祕技|深度|端傳媒 Initium Media

据2017年数字,显示最近五年(由2012年开始统计)的日本移民(下不加引号)中,越南增加了18万多,总数已达23万多人;中国增加了5.8万多,在日总数达71万多人;黎巴嫩增加了5万人,总数达7.4万多人;菲律宾增加了4.8万多,总数达25万多人;台湾则增加了3万多,总数达5.4多人──以上正是移民日本最多人口的输出国。
numbers  immigration  japan 
september 2018 by aries1988
LIVE:你,为什么离开了中国?(大狗熊 x 友藏)
本期 LIVE 我尝试用 SKYPE 交流的方式,邀请我的朋友,新西兰的 @大狗熊 连线对谈交流了移民这样的一个话题。大狗熊 2016 年从云南移民来到了新西兰,我 2013 年离开北京来到了加拿大,两个人背井离乡究竟是什么原因?对谈当中分享了什么移民的经历、故事和心得,都在对谈当中。 这是我第一次尝试 YOUT...
temoignage  immigration  yunnan  kunming  beijing 
september 2018 by aries1988
In Denmark, Harsh New Laws for Immigrant ‘Ghettos’ - The New York Times
Starting at the age of 1, “ghetto children” must be separated from their families for at least 25 hours a week, not including nap time, for mandatory instruction in “Danish values,” including the traditions of Christmas and Easter, and Danish language. Noncompliance could result in a stoppage of welfare payments. Other Danish citizens are free to choose whether to enroll children in preschool up to the age of six.

In his annual New Year’s speech, Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen warned that ghettos could “reach out their tentacles onto the streets” by spreading violence, and that because of ghettos, “cracks have appeared on the map of Denmark.” Politicians who once used the word “integration” now call frankly for “assimilation.”

People who know a little about history, our European not-so-nice period, we know what the word ‘ghetto’ is associated with.

Her client, Anni Larsen, told a story about being invited by a Turkish immigrant to their child’s wedding and being scandalized to discover that the guests were separated by gender and seated in different rooms. “I think there were only 10 people from Denmark,” she said, appalled. “If you ask me, I think they shouldn’t have invited us.”

Anette Jacobsen, 64, a retired pharmacist’s assistant, said she so treasured Denmark’s welfare system, which had provided her four children with free education and health care, that she felt a surge of gratitude every time she paid her taxes, more than 50 percent of her yearly income. As for immigrants using the system, she said, “There is always a cat door for someone to sneak in.”

Nearly 87 percent of Denmark’s 5.7 million people are of Danish descent, with immigrants and their descendants accounting for the rest. Two-thirds of the immigrants, around half a million, are from Muslim backgrounds, a group that swelled with the waves of Afghan, Iraqi and Syrian refugees crossing Europe.

“If you create new kinds of laws that apply to only one part of society, then you can keep adding to them,” she said. “It will turn into the parallel society they’re so afraid of. They will create it themselves.”
dane  denmark  numbers  immigration  immigrant  children  education  2018 
july 2018 by aries1988
Kazuo Ishiguro - Nobel Lecture: My Twentieth Century Evening – and Other Small Breakthroughs
As the only foreign boy in the neighbourhood, a kind of local fame followed me around. Other children knew who I was before I met them. Adults who were total strangers to me sometimes addressed me by name in the street or in the local store.

When I look back to this period, and remember it was less than twenty years from the end of a world war in which the Japanese had been their bitter enemies, I'm amazed by the openness and instinctive generosity with which our family was accepted by this ordinary English community. The affection, respect and curiosity I retain to this day for that generation of Britons who came through the Second World War, and built a remarkable new welfare state in its aftermath, derive significantly from my personal experiences from those years.
japan  immigration  gaijin  story  childhood  children  uk  literature  writer  memory  politics  today  world  human  future  manifesto 
february 2018 by aries1988
1789-2018 : les Anglais parmi nous
La présence des Anglais en France est importante et constante depuis le XIXe siècle. Tout en profitant des agréments culturels et des avantages matériels, les Anglais s'efforcent d'y reproduire un univers familier. Ils sont à l'origine d'une "France anglaise" dont l'histoire est méconnue.[...]
british  français  france  immigration  immigrant  story  nation  culture  history  sports  podcast 
february 2018 by aries1988
Sweden's Sexual Assault Crisis Presents a Feminist Paradox - Quillette
Previous studies (by now more than a decade old) have shown a large overrepresentation of immigrants, particularly from patriarchal societies in the Middle East and North Africa, among the suspects of sex crimes in Sweden. Overrepresentation of immigrants has been even higher when it comes to group rapes, especially with three or more assailants. According to an official study from 1996, immigrant males were 4.5 times as likely as Swedes to commit rape. Immigrants from Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia were particularly overrepresented, being more than 20 times as likely to commit the same crime. In total, 53 percent of rape suspects were either first or second generation immigrants.
sweden  crime  female  immigration  society  politics  crisis 
october 2017 by aries1988
A Rathmannsdorf, dans la Saxe, on vote pour l’extrême droite « parce qu’il y a trop d’étrangers »
La candidate de l’AfD a obtenu dimanche 46, 2 % des voix dans cette commune d’un peu moins de 1 000 habitants, malgré une situation économique positive. C’est le « mal saxon ».
deutschland  deutsch  immigration  region  politics  election  2017  germany 
september 2017 by aries1988
The Chinese are not coming to take over the Russian Far East
Despite signs of growing camaraderie between Beijing and Moscow – including drills in the Baltic and South China seas, and sales of advanced Russian-made…
rumor  chinese  siberia  population  immigration  future  russia 
august 2017 by aries1988
Joan C Williams on Trump, elitism and the white working class
Progressives often confuse them with the poor — an entirely separate class. Williams defines the working class as households that earn more than the country’s bottom third but less than the top 20 per cent, plus some slightly better-off families that include no college graduate. This group is “the middle 53 per cent of American families”, whose family incomes in 2015 ranged from $41,005 to $131,962.

Many stereotypes about WWC men came together in the hapless cartoon character Homer Simpson. American progressives showed respect to ethnic and sexual minorities, not to the WWC. But then the WWC made Trump president.

“I think Trump just needs to keep on being Trump. That’s the sobering fact. The irony is that Trump is the most hysterical, emotional president in living memory, he’s like a caricature of a woman out of control, but following his gut connects him to the white working class. His continuing gestures of disrespect to cultural elites, through Twitter and other means, are just inestimably delicious.”

So far she’s unimpressed. “Just read the frigging New York Times, listen to NPR [National Public Radio], key outlets of the progressive elite: story after story of an outpouring of compassion for immigrants.

“Do I feel sorry for immigrants? Yes. But that’s not the point. An outpouring of compassion for immigrants, in the absence of offering dignity to the white working class, will hurt immigrants because it’s just another expression that elites have ‘feeling rules’ — who you should feel sorry for.” Elite “feeling rules” ordain compassion for ethnic and sexual minorities and “perhaps women”, she says, “but the white working class are just ‘fat, stupid and ignorant’. So the elites are saying, ‘Oh, my God, we just heard this cri de coeur from the white working class, let’s express sympathy for immigrants!’ Talk about a recipe for Trump’s second term.

Generally, says Williams, progressives need to tone down the PC talk. They can still fight (albeit more quietly) for women and minorities, but they will achieve nothing unless they can build the black-and-white working-class
politics  working-class  usa  society  inequality  immigration  thinking  2017  trump 
may 2017 by aries1988
Andrew Sullivan: Why the Reactionary Right Must Be Taken Seriously
Reactionism is not the same thing as conservatism. It’s far more potent a brew. Reactionary thought begins, usually, with acute despair at the present moment and a memory of a previous golden age. It then posits a moment in the past when everything went to hell and proposes to turn things back to what they once were. It is not simply a conservative preference for things as they are, with a few nudges back, but a passionate loathing of the status quo and a desire to return to the past in one emotionally cathartic revolt.

Politics comes before economics, Anton insists. Free trade may boost our economy, encourage efficiencies, and advance innovation and wealth, but it affects different people differently. And this matters in a democracy. A society’s stability and fairness and unity count for more than its aggregate wealth — especially when, as in recent decades, almost all the direct benefits have gone to the superrich, and all the costs have been paid by the working poor.

Why is my country benefiting foreigners and new immigrants, many of them arriving illegally, while making life tougher for its own people? And why doesn’t it matter what I think?

A nation, they believe, is not just a random group of people within an arbitrary set of borders. It’s a product of a certain history and the repository of a distinctive culture. A citizen should be educated to understand that country’s history and take pride in its culture and traditions.

I read the Christian traditionalist Rod Dreher with affection. His evocation of Christian life and thought over the centuries and his panic at its disappearance from our world are poignant. We are losing a vast civilization that honed answers to the deepest questions that human beings can ask, replacing it with vapid pseudo-religions, pills, therapy, and reality TV.

Because in some key respects, reactionaries are right. Great leaps forward in history are often, in fact, giant leaps back. The Reformation did initiate brutal sectarian warfare. The French Revolution did degenerate into barbarous tyranny. Communist utopias — allegedly the wave of an Elysian future — turned into murderous nightmares. Modern neoliberalism has, for its part, created a global capitalist machine that is seemingly beyond anyone’s control, fast destroying the planet’s climate, wiping out vast tracts of life on Earth while consigning millions of Americans to economic stagnation and cultural despair.

Beyond all that, neo-reactionaries have a glaring problem, which is that their proposed solutions are so radical they have no chance whatsoever of coming into existence — and would be deeply reckless to attempt.

There is, perhaps, a way to use reactionary insights and still construct a feasible center-right agenda. Such a program would junk Reaganite economics as outdated but keep revenue-neutral tax reform, it could even favor redistribution to counter the deep risk to democracy that soaring inequality fosters, and it could fix Obamacare’s technical problems. You could add to this mix stronger border control, a reduction in legal immigration, a pause in free-trade expansion, a technological overhaul of the government bureaucracy, and a reassertion of Americanism over multiculturalism.

The left, for its part, must, it seems to me, escape its own bubble and confront the accelerating extremism of its identity politics and its disdain for millions of “deplorable” white Americans.
thinking  essay  politics  conservatism  conflict  immigration  american  usa  2017  liberalism 
may 2017 by aries1988
La clause Molière - Jacques Attali

le nationalisme se révèle dans la culture avant de s’exprimer dans la géopolitique.

parler français ne peut être un critère d’exclusion a priori ; cela doit être un résultat d’intégration a posteriori.

quand se protège des autres, il ne faut pas s’étonner que les autres en fassent autant et se protège de nous.

Si on veut que plus de gens parlent notre langue, ce qui est la clé de notre puissance future, et qu’ils viennent nous apporter leurs forces de travail et de création, il faut bien les recevoir en France ; en particulier imposer aux employeurs français que leurs employés étrangers reçoivent les mêmes salaires et les mêmes prestations sociales que leurs collègues français.

la réelle souveraineté n’est pas dans l’isolement et la fermeture. Elle est dans la confrontation pacifique et décomplexée aux autres, à leurs forces et à leurs talents.
france  gaijin  policy  immigration  job 
march 2017 by aries1988
Peace and prosperity: it is worth saving the liberal order
The system established after 1945 was built on US power. But it endured and, after the end of the cold war, expanded because US leadership was embedded in multilateral rules and institutions. Everyone had a stake. Washington sometimes over-reached — in Vietnam or with the invasion of Iraq. By history’s standards, however, the Pax Americana was essentially benign, resting as much on the force of example as military might.
history  uk  world  order  crisis  challenge  china  populism  brexit  nostalgia  immigration  society  politics 
february 2017 by aries1988
The People Who Pass

Outside the Gare du Nord, there are people streaming from the Eurostar, tourists looking for a week’s pleasure, mingled with travellers recently arrived from Bulgaria and Romania, looking for a job or a new life. The kinds cross, with the French, permanently frowning and suspicious, among them, and the tension rises.

the usual conviction of the French police that the human comedy as it unfolds is so absorbing that to intervene and impose artificial order upon it would be inartistic.

The thieves, and their invisible directors, are perceived by the French public as exclusively Roma—what English speakers often call Gypsies, the nomadic people long idealized as romantic and, for just as long, pursued as petty criminals.

We are manifold and must be respected as individuals—and we are completely different from the rest of you, with our own culture and history, giving us a collective identity that allows us to belong to the larger world of nations, just as you do. It’s our being completely different from the rest of you that makes us like the rest of you.

If Hamidovic was the face of the predatory Roma, Leonarda was the face of their persecution.

The majority should return to their countries. . . . Our role is not to welcome all the world’s misery.

Valls’s words—widely taken both as a testament of no-nonsense enforcement and as a bid for eventual power as Prime Minister or even President

an exasperated account of how the old Republican idea of French identity, open to all through education but still very specific in its style (high-minded) and values (meritocratic to the max), has been demoralized by a slack and hasty pluralism.

They insist, with Finkielkraut, that this angelism is part of a larger, enforced cult of the Other, a compulsory act of celebrating difference that is undermining the French state, so that the defenders of little Leonarda insist on embracing the Other, even as the Other picks their pockets.

In a matter of years, representations of the tsiganes have shifted away from musical talents, bohème, and free spirit to a portrayal of Roma otherness. It is our decision to see kinds that makes us sort kinds.

My daughter, when she was ten, said to her friend, ‘I’d like to eat your belly!’ I was called into the school—the principal was shocked! Perhaps my daughter needed to see a psychiatrist.

On one subject, Carmona is categorical. France is the worst place for Roma to be born. It suffers from centuries of ‘Enlightenment,’ the many centuries that created this Jacobin so-called ‘universalist’ frame without any regard to subjugated knowledge or subjugated peoples. In France, ethnic minorities are not even recognized—there’s a process of negation of identity that leads to the absurd category of ‘gens du voyage.’

If an unashamed, de-complexed agenda of national order and national security is not made plausible, the argument goes, the middle classes will continue their flight to the far right.

Le Pen can be declawed, he thinks, only if mainstream politicians can learn to speak truths that seem obvious to the stressed middle class.

The big problem in France is one of authority. Where is the authority in France? There is no authority in France now. François Hollande is no authority. In the family, where is the authority? In school, where is the authority? The ‘regal’ state of France has become nonexistent.

This is the problem of integration. What you can say twenty years ago, you can’t say it now. It is this question of bien-pensants, of angelism, and the right wing and the left wing are together responsible.

Mobility, rootlessness, nomadism—these are the facts of the new Europe. We must read Victor Hugo. The happy face of nomadism is all the French gone to London to be bankers. The wretched face is the poor Roma in their camps. And, great surprise, the miserables of our time turn out to be poor immigrants in the cold who behave like poor immigrants in the cold. Behind it, beneath it, is the new fear of having no floor beneath one’s feet. Ordinary French people feel that a real fall is possible.
paris  france  immigrant  society  politics  debate  europe  history  identity  immigration  crime  culture  book  intelligentsia  rom 
february 2017 by aries1988
梁文道:使得華人必須移民的食物(薯仔的故鄉之二)
但這些地方並非向來都是這麼多人的,直到清末才有一大批人想要離鄉背井,是因為整個中國在清朝中葉經歷了一次人口大爆炸,從乾隆六年(1741年)的一點六億人,一下子上升到道光三十年(1850年)的四點三億人,奠下了日後中國成為世界第一人口大國的基礎。麻煩的是經過數千年的開墾,中國可耕面積實在無法相應增加,於是只好連東南地區那些貧瘠的丘陵地帶也都小心開發了。再開發下去,要是依然養不活這麼多人,他們當然就得到海外尋求出路。

是甚麼使得當時的中國在百年不到的時間裏頭一下子多了兩億多的人口?答案就在明朝徐光啟的《農政全書》當中:「土芋,一名土豆,一名黃獨。蔓生葉如豆,根圓如雞卵,肉白皮黃,可灰汁煮食,亦可蒸食。」這種食物儘管吃起來沒有鮮明的味道,但究竟是舶來品,所以明代剛進中國的時候,只能出現在皇室和達官貴人的飯桌之上,圖其新鮮罕見。沒想到,再過百年,原產南美洲安第斯山的這種作物,就要徹底改變整個中國的命運。
potato  history  china  immigration  instapaper_favs 
december 2016 by aries1988
Meet the IB, Europe’s version of America’s alt-right | The Economist
From France to Austria, the “identitarian movement” gives xenophobia a youthful edge
The movement has a deft way of making xenophobic causes seem palatable to moderates. Mr Sellner uses the Twitter hashtag #remigration to “encourage” African and Asian immigrants to reverse the brain drain by returning to their homelands. He frames insinuations that Muslim immigrants are chauvinists and rapists as a defence of women’s rights. An IB group in Paderborn, near Hanover, recently distributed cans of tear gas to female pedestrians; in the current political context, the message was clear: German women need protecting from those beastly foreigners.
youth  europe  politics  today  immigration 
november 2016 by aries1988
A quoi les migrants ont-ils vraiment droit en France ?
Certains métiers fermés aux étrangers
Pour commencer, certains métiers sont par principe fermés aux étrangers (hors Union européenne) : ils ne peuvent, par exemple, accéder à la fonction publique qu'en tant qu'agent contractuel ou vacataire, jamais en tant que titulaire (exception faite des postes d'enseignants-chercheurs). Il en va de même avec certaines professions « réglementées » qui nécessitent diplômes, certificats ou titres ad hoc ; dans certains cas, une reprise complète des études est nécessaire.
france  question  explained  immigration 
october 2016 by aries1988
So Much Land, Too Few Russians - The New York Times
Russia urgently needs Chinese investments. In return, in the Far East’s southeast corner, China has made Russian land along the Amur River border a virtual colony, having secured the right for Chinese people to work there. In the last decade, huge tracts have been leased to China at rock- bottom prices. Nearly two million acres with gigantic pig farms and fields of soybean and corn are being worked by Chinese agribusinesses. Most recently, Moscow leased out about 300,000 acres in the Trans-Baikal region for 49 years. The price: $2 an acre and $368 million in promised investments.

Once a booming frontier town, it now resembles a typical 1970s-era Soviet city — drab, dilapidated, economically depressed. Its population is 216,000. Just across the river is the bustling Chinese city of Heihe, with gleaming new high-rises and a population nearly eight times that of Blagoveshchensk.
russia  comparison  china  siberia  manchuria  immigration  work  agriculture  2016 
september 2016 by aries1988
Japan opens door to temporary foreign workers
Trend is a little-noticed effect of Abenomics stimulus
workforce  japan  gaijin  immigration 
september 2016 by aries1988
The truth about migration: How we lived without passports | New Scientist
But the main reason was that an individual’s nationality had little political meaning before the late 1700s. The passport as an instrument of state regulation was born of the French revolution of 1789. At first, ordinary people were issued passes to control internal movement, especially to Paris. But after the king tried to escape, and foreign aristocrats attacked the revolution, the authorities started requiring such papers for exit and entry to the country. The revolution created one of the world’s first “nation-states”, defined by the “national” identity of its people rather than its monarchs’ claims. “This novel importance of the people and their nationality made identity papers integral to creating the modern state,” says Torpey.
immigration  history  france  state 
april 2016 by aries1988
The truth about migration: How evolution made us xenophobes | New Scientist
Schaller and Neuberg believe that for both these reasons, human cultures evolved to be wary of close interaction with people who were different from their group.
evolution  immigration  people 
april 2016 by aries1988
The truth about migration: How it will reshape our world
countries with a clear ethnic identity and no recent history of significant immigration face the biggest problem, says Nelson. “It’s tricky for Sweden, which went from essentially no immigrants to 16 per cent in half a generation,” he says. And Denmark is another nation where anxiety over the loss of cultural homogeneity has been blamed for a backlash against immigrants.

Goldin and others think there should be a UN agency managing migration in the global interest, rather than leaving it to nations with differing interests – and power. This, combined with real empirical understanding of the impacts of migration, might finally allow humanity to capitalise on the huge positive potential of its ancient penchant for moving.
immigration 
april 2016 by aries1988
The New Europeans
Graf von Rechberg is an interesting man. He invited asylum seekers into his home for dinner, but he held an almost apocalyptic view of their presence in Germany. Many of them, he predicted, would come to live in Muslim-majority ghettos like those in Paris, where they don’t do anything, don’t work and then watch some stupid Internet films, and then some will carry out terrorist attacks, he said. I can’t change that. I can only accept it, and that will be our future.
reportage  deutschland  people  immigration  immigrant  story  bayern  germany  instapaper_favs 
april 2016 by aries1988
Germany on the Brink
In the German case the important number here isn’t the country’s total population, currently 82 million. It’s the twentysomething population, which was less than 10 million in 2013 (and of course already included many immigrants). In that cohort and every cohort afterward, the current influx could have a transformative effect.
immigration  opinion  population  deutschland  crisis  female  germany 
january 2016 by aries1988
Germany, Refugee Nation - The New York Times
Throughout the extraordinary process that has seen roughly one million refugees arrive in Germany this year, Chancellor Angela Merkel has had a consistent refrain: “Wir schaffen das” — “We can do this.” The gesture in question is the most extraordinary redemptive act by any European nation in many years.

Merkel’s place in the history books was already assured. She was the woman who over a decade steered a united Germany to a self-assurance striking for a country that, even at the turn of the century, was still uncertain if it could allow itself a modicum of pride. But with her decision this year to admit Syrian and other refugees, she has become a towering European figure, certainly the equal of such postwar German giants as Konrad Adenauer, Helmut Schmidt and Helmut Kohl — perhaps even surpassing them because her Germany is its own master whereas theirs was still under degrees of American tutelage.

One million refugees change the landscape. They are in supermarkets. They are in hospitals. They are in schools. Germans have been accepting, despite the huge cost. A far-right party may benefit, but the consensus is this had to be done.

As a result, over the next generation, Germany will become a stronger, more vital, more dynamic, more open country. Abdulfattah Jandali, a Syrian immigrant known as John, was the biological father of Steve Jobs. Perhaps a future Syrian-German Jobs has just entered school.
deutschland  deutsch  future  immigration  opinion  2015  germany 
december 2015 by aries1988
Is Migration a Basic Human Right?
The argument for open borders is compelling -- and deeply problematic.
immigration  opinion  politics 
december 2015 by aries1988
The Near-Impossibility of Assimilation in Belgium
Why the atmosphere that produced the Paris attackers isn’t going away anytime soon.
story  immigration  belgique 
december 2015 by aries1988
For Immigrants, America Is Still More Welcoming Than Europe
Among the most notable is clearly Europe’s segmented labor market, difficult for newcomers to crack. In the United States, less-educated immigrants may work for little pay. But the vast majority of them work. The employment rate of immigrants is higher than that of natives. In Europe it is lower.

A report about the integration of immigrants issued over the summer by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development noted that more than a fifth of Europe’s immigrants from outside the European Union were unemployed, about double the rate of European Union citizens.

One in four of the economically active is out of work in France and one in three in Belgium and Sweden. And these poor employment prospects persist down the generations. Youth joblessness among the European-born children of immigrants is almost 50 percent higher than for those with native-born parents.

Employment is not the only barrier. Children from less-educated immigrant families are much less likely to succeed at school in Europe than the sons and daughters of natives, and much more likely to end up marginalized: out of school and out of work. Immigrants feel discriminated against more often in Europe. Perceived discrimination is particularly acute among the European-born children of immigrants, who in several countries still do not qualify for automatic citizenship.

In the United States, they write, “to be religious is to be in sync with mainstream norms.” Many Americans have more trouble accepting atheists than Muslims. In Europe, by contrast, “claims based on religion have much less acceptance and legitimacy.”

In June, President Obama hosted a Ramadan Iftar meal at the White House. In France, public schools still serve fish on Fridays. In some schools, the choice for Muslim children is pork or nothing.
religion  comparison  usa  europe  immigration  muslim  children  naturalization  job 
december 2015 by aries1988
Paris attacks renew questions about Europe’s border-free travel - FT.com
Even before the Paris terror attacks, Europe’s Schengen system of border-free travel — one of the continent’s proudest postwar achievements — was under strain. The mass influx of migrants from Africa and the Middle East has prompted governments from
map  2015  immigration  europe 
november 2015 by aries1988
Is Eastern Europe Really More Racist Than the West? - NYTimes.com
Western Europeans, in other words, may appear more tolerant when talking in the abstract, but are as intolerant as Eastern Europeans when it comes to attitudes toward specific groups. The “cultural gap” may just be that Western Europeans are more polished in the language of tolerance, while in reality being equally intolerant.

The migrants are confined to the Jungle because Britain refuses to let what Prime Minister David Cameron called a swarm cross the English Channel. Were the Jungle in Hungary or Poland, there would no doubt be an outcry. Yet few historians or journalists have bothered to write furious condemnations of the xenophobia exposed by this abomination on Britain’s doorstep.

But when asked about specific groups, the picture changed. In Eastern Europe, anti-Semitism is prevalent, while in Western Europe people tend to be more hostile to Muslims. The Pew survey found that 29 percent of Poles and Hungarians had an unfavorable view of Jews. Twenty-seven percent of Britons and a full 69 percent of Italians had a negative view of Muslims, while 30 percent of Germans disliked Turks.
opinion  poll  people  european  immigration  comparison 
november 2015 by aries1988
Europe will fail the values test on refugees - FT.com
For almost 500 years, European nations dominated, colonised and populated the rest of the world. After 1945, the states of western Europe signed up to a new post-imperial and post-fascist set of values, based on universal human rights and enshrined in documents such as the 1951 UN Convention on refugees.

At some point, the desperation and hopes of the refugees are likely to collide with the fears and resentments of European voters. The eastern European members of the EU have made their unhappiness with refugee quotas very clear. Recent opinion polls also show that a majority of French people oppose any softening of asylum rules, and a British majority back the Cameron government’s determination not to accept EU-mandated quotas.
opinion  immigration  europe  2015  people  mentality 
september 2015 by aries1988
Strangers in strange lands
IN 1951 a group of diplomats in Geneva committed their countries to absorbing huge numbers of refugees from a region plagued by ethnic hatred, fanatical ideologies,...
immigration  europe  history 
september 2015 by aries1988
Migrant crisis adds to Europe’s anxiety about Islam - FT.com
The Nazis had annihilated the region’s Jews in the second world war, and the western Allies and Moscow had countenanced the flight and expulsion of millions of ethnic Germans after the war. After communism collapsed in 1989, the reborn states of central Europe tended to view the lack of large ethnic minorities as a healthy factor that favoured political stability and civic loyalty to the post-communist order.
explained  east-europe  immigration  history  opinion 
september 2015 by aries1988
How to fire up America | The Economist
They are also wrong about demography. From Europe to north-east Asia, the 21st century risks being an age of old people, slow growth and sour, timid politics. Swelling armies of the elderly will fight to defend their pensions and other public services. Between now and mid-century, Germany’s median age will rise to 52. China’s population growth will flatten and then fall; its labour force is already shrinking. Not America’s. By 2050 its median age will be a sprightly 41 and its population will still be growing. Latinos will be a big part of that story.

America has been granted an extraordinary stroke of luck: a big dose of youth and energy, just as its global competitors are greying. Making the most of this chance will take pragmatism and goodwill. Get it right, and a diverse, outward-facing America will have much to teach the world.
american  future  latino  workforce  immigration  opinion 
may 2015 by aries1988
Germany’s Small Towns Feel the Cost of Europe’s Migrant Crisis
As European leaders focus on trying to stop the flow of migrants to the Continent, towns and villages across Germany are pleading for money and assistance to take care of their new arrivals.
immigration  germany  countryside  german 
april 2015 by aries1988
In Sweden, the Land of the Open Door, Anti-Muslim Sentiment Finds a Foothold
Amid the relentless stream of migrants to Europe that has fueled a backlash against immigrants, directed most viciously at Muslims, arson is suspected at mosques in three Swedish cities over the last 10 days.
scandinavia  immigration 
january 2015 by aries1988
L’île grecque de Lesbos débordée par une vague de migrants
Bientôt, le soir tombe sur le joli port de Mytilène. Tandis que la jeunesse grecque envahit bruyamment les cafés du front de mer, des dizaines de familles afghanes, syriennes ou africaines s’agglutinent de nouveau autour de la capitainerie pour passer la nuit dans un silence feutré. Une étrange cohabitation qui se répète de jour en jour et laisse le goût amer d’une vie à deux vitesses.
europe  immigration  today 
november 2014 by aries1988
China’s migrants thrive in Spain’s financial crisis - FT.com
The bonfire of bankruptcies that burnt its way through corporate Spain during the downturn left the Chinese largely untouched – a result of hard work, thriftiness, luck and a business culture that values long-term survival above quick profits. “In China, we believe that the key issue is not whether you lose money or not, but whether you manage to hold on. So the Chinese have developed a great ability to withstand a crisis. You have to endure,” says Marco Wang, a businessman in Madrid whose assets include Spain’s leading Chinese newspapers.

Over the past decade, the number of Chinese arrivals in countries such as Spain, Italy and Portugal has soared. According to official data, there are now more than 180,000 Chinese nationals living in Spain, three times more than in 2003. Add in students and naturalised Chinese, and the figure leaps to more than 200,000, the fifth-largest minority in the country.

Chinese migration to Spain continued to rise even after the start of the crisis, highlighting how well the community has been able to weather the economic storm. In a country where one-in-four workers is out of a job, unemployment is virtually unknown among the Chinese. Furthermore, they account for a vastly disproportionate share of business start-ups: there are now more than 40,000 self-employed Chinese on Spain’s commercial register, twice as many as before the crisis.

At the same time, there are growing signs that the Chinese are starting to work their way up the economic value chain. Gone are the days when Chinese economic activity in Spain was confined to serving up rollitos de primavera (spring rolls) or selling trinkets in dusty 100-pesetas shops. Today there are Chinese-owned fashion chains, import-export businesses, media groups and law firms. According to one estimate, the annual turnover of Chinese-run convenience stores alone amounts to €785m in total.

On the way from the airport, his first impression was that of a country not much richer than the one he was leaving behind: “The houses I saw along the way looked pretty bad. In China the houses are covered with tiles so they are pretty but here all you see are the bricks. I realised only later that Spaniards take greater care of the inside than the outside. Inside, their houses are always tidy, clean and pretty.”

Estimates vary but some believe that as many as 70 or 80 per cent of Chinese migrants in Spain come not just from the same province (Zheijiang) but from the same small county, Qingtian. Their dominance is reflected not least on the walls of Chinese restaurants up and down the country, which often boast framed pictures of Qingtian city.

“Who survives in a crisis? Those who have capital, or who have easy access to capital. And when the crisis came, the Chinese had their family network to fall back on to,” says Mario Esteban, of the Real Instituto Elcano in Madrid.

Chinese business leaders acknowledge that relations are far from perfect, but insist that the community is integrating well into Spanish society. “The first generation of Chinese migrants has a lot of difficulty with the language and with communication. They had no time to study. But their children study here in Spanish schools, they speak Spanish perfectly and they know Spanish culture very well. So I think things are getting better,” says Mr Mao.

Mr Chen, the founder of Don Pin, says there are countless things he likes about life in his adopted country. But he, for one, has no desire to grow old in Madrid. “When I die, I want to die in my village. I arrived here when I was 18 but I still feel my roots very strongly. But it is different for the children. My children will be Madrilians.”
story  espagna  immigration  chinese  entrepreneurial 
october 2014 by aries1988
Chinese Can't Understand Why The French Work So Little
They don’t expect anything from the French state, since they learned to stay hidden, often arriving without papers,” he said. “Unemployment in France is of little concern, because essentially they’re all entrepreneurs. It’s a state of mind.

Wenzhou, a port city 500 km south of Shanghai, is known for a culture of private enterprise, which the immigrants bring with them. Family members furnish labor and capital - it takes seed money of just 50,000 euros ($67,800) to start a takeout food shop, said Beraha, and staffing it with relatives keeps labor costs low.

Many are pouring their energies into bar-tabacs - a focal point of French life where locals can drink, buy cigarettes and bet on horses that is being abandoned by many French owners on the grounds it is too labor-intensive for too little profit. Sixty percent of the businesses for sale in Paris are being purchased by Asian buyers, most of them Chinese, said Gerard Bohelay, head of the Paris federation of bar-tabac owners.

Conflicts a decade ago between locals and Chinese were resolved after wholesale businesses agreed to shut on Sundays and workshops stopped using sewing machines after 8pm, he said.

"We have more problems today with the noise from the cafe terraces than the noise from the Chinese workshops," he said.

Those immigrants further down the ladder are often the ones who are really struggling. Often recent arrivals from northeast China, lacking family in France, they are looked down upon by those from Wenzhou and scrape by as nannies, cooks, delivery men and manicurists. Many women struggling to support a family turn to prostitution in order to repay the cost of being smuggled into the country - often more than 12,000 euros - police say.
chinese  immigration  france  work  mentality  comparison 
october 2014 by aries1988
Sept idées reçues sur l'immigration et les immigrés
Ramenée en pourcentage de la population, c'est donc, en trente ans, une hausse de 1,2 points de la part d'immigrés (de 7,2 % à 8,4 %) et une légère baisse de la part d'étrangers de (6,3 % à 5,8 %). Un tiers des immigrés provenaient en 2008 de pays de l'UE, 38 % d'Europe. On compte ensuite 42,5 % d'immigrés originaires d'Afrique et du Maghreb, 14,2 % d'Asie, et 5,3 % d'Amérique ou d'Océanie, selon l'Insee. La colonisation et l'appel aux travailleurs immigrés dans les années 1960 explique en partie la forte part d'immigrés issus du Maghreb. En 2012, la France ne comptait que 5,9% d'étrangers, contre 7,6% au Royaume-Uni, 7,9% en Italie, 9,1% en Allemagne ou 11,2% en Espagne. La France se distingue pour une chose : le poids relatif de ses enfants d'immigrés, qui sont donc français de naissance. Selon l'Insee, en 2008, les descendants directs d'un ou de deux immigrés, représentaient 6,5 millions de personnes, soit 11 % de la population. Trois millions d'entre eux avaient leurs deux parents immigrés. Une étude comparative de l'OCDE montre que dans la plupart des pays, l'impact fiscal de l'immigration est nul ou positif. Pour la France, l'étude estime que l'impact fiscal est négatif de 0,3 point de PIB, soit moins qu'en Allemagne (1,13 point). En moyenne, il est positif de 0,3 points de PIB.
france  today  immigration  explained 
september 2014 by aries1988
Scandinavians Split Over Syrian Influx - NYTimes.com
“Sweden is very puzzling,” said Grete Brochmann, a leading Norwegian immigration scholar. The Swedes, she said, “are extremely liberal toward immigration, but they have a very authoritarian attitude toward debate about it. In Norway the idea is, open discussion is basically good. If there’s hostility, better to get it out.”
scandinavia  norge  immigration  today  comparison 
september 2014 by aries1988
Non, l'Europe ne doit pas se fermer à l'immigration ! Sa prospérité en dépend
Or, en raison de leur structure d'âge plus jeune, les immigrés pèsent moins que les autochtones sur ces services les plus coûteux. La contribution fiscale directe nette des immigrés (différence entre les impôts et contributions sociales versés et les prestations sociales perçues) est positive dans la plupart des Etats de l'Union, où elle s'établit en moyenne à 5 000 euros par ménage et par an. Elle est néanmoins négative dans deux pays où la population immigrée de longue date a vieilli, la France (– 1 500 euros) et l'Allemagne (– 5 600 euros).
europe  immigration 
august 2014 by aries1988
日本适合中国人定居吗? - 知乎日报
在日本定居的难度很大,但是只要是人办的事,就一定会有破绽。大到在留资格申请小到合理避税都有合法的游走在灰色地带的数不清的破绽等你来钻。买几个停车场就算投资经营,找个商店当中文店员就算人文国际,摆几样二手的办公用品拍张照片,给国内代购几样东西,年末缴个几万日元的税就当经营实态的事情比比皆是。虽然日本的入国管理局一再加强进行审查,仍然难以阻挡哼着小曲的中国人把日本当殖民地使。
from:rss  japan  immigration 
may 2014 by aries1988
博士后的困境 by 兰小欢
美国博士的劳动力市场有趣,他们对美国科技进步的贡献最大,有最高的移民比例,但同时也受到美国移民政策的限制。这些政策,是美国永远不变的新闻焦点。而廉价的大批博士后的存在,让我从一个角度去观察移民政策的种种影响。不仅仅是翻山越岭冒险而来的墨西哥穷人在做“美国梦”,很多日以继夜呆在实验室里,精疲力尽满脸疲惫时而抑郁的发展中国家精英,图的又是什么?
usa  immigration  research  phd  story  instapaper_favs 
august 2012 by aries1988
三联生活周刊:移民的理由
很多人都开始选择另一种生活,尝试另一种可能,其中各有不同的原因。 老邱44岁,从来没有出过国。2002年他出差,从青岛飞回北京,飞机在高空遇到猛烈气流,翅膀乱颤,急速下坠几百米,这让他患上了飞行恐惧
http://www.instapaper.com/read/214128238
immigration  future  life  instapaper_favs  story 
august 2012 by aries1988

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