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aries1988 : industry   44

在化工脱贫的路上,响水人经历过爆炸、泄漏和“大逃亡”|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
2006年,江苏省陆续出重拳治理环境问题,3年内关闭近6000家企业。当大批化工企业在这场运动式的“关厂潮”中垂死挣扎时,江苏北部向他们敞开了怀抱。

横穿江苏而过的长江,分割了苏南(包括南京、无锡、常州、苏州和镇江五个市)和苏北(徐州、连云港、宿迁、淮安、盐城),亦画下残酷的经济分割线。在紧邻上海的苏州和省会南京的带动下,苏南在经济发展中将苏北远远甩在身后。

1990年,苏北GDP只有苏南的一半左右,2007年这一差距更是扩大到三分之一。彼时江苏省级贫困县有16个,均出在苏北,盐城市更是占据了三个名额,分别是滨海、阜宁和响水。

化工业,成为这些贫困县奋身一跃的跳板。

时任江苏省常州市发展和改革委员会重大项目稽察办公室主任俞建初去到苏北时,亦为当地招商局负责人的言行感到惊讶,“我们地方环境容量大,环保指标用不了,直通大海,可以自然分解,环保上不收费用。”

人们怀念以前的陈家港和灌河。“我们这里最出名的有‘大鱼拜龙王’的现象。”采访中,韩松和吴莹都讲述了儿时看到鲸鱼的经历。

灌河被称为“苏北黄浦江”,东接黄海,是苏北唯一没有建闸的天然潮汐河道。资料显示,灌河历史上就是鲸鱼经常出没的地方,每年春季,常有“大鱼”(鲸鱼)由大海游入灌河。韩松记得小时候自己常和小伙伴去灌河洗澡,河流清澈见底。

“化工厂开过来之后,就慢慢看不见这个现象了,河水都冒着油污,不再能去游泳。”韩松说。
reportage  tragedy  accident  chemistry  industry  jiangsu  pollution  2019 
april 2019 by aries1988
GE Says It’s Leveraging Artificial Intelligence To Cut Product Design Times In Half

It’s a neural network that’s trained with the results of standard two-day computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses of variations in a particular design to estimate the conclusions that a CFD would come to. In one test case, in which the researchers trained the surrogate model with about 100 CFDs to figure out the optimum shape for the crown of a piston in a diesel engine, the model was able to evaluate roughly a million design variations in 15 minutes, an increase in speed of 5 billion times. More typically the researchers expect to achieve an improvement of 10 million to 100 million times. The best design of the piston crown produced a 7% improvement in fuel efficiency with a “significant” reduction in soot emissions, they say.

“We can, say, take all the knowledge that went into designing the GE9X or the LEAP [jet engines] and apply it to developing a hypersonic or apply it to a next-gen narrow-body,” says Tallman. “We’re confident that it will provide insights that we wouldn’t have otherwise.”
industry  design  ai 
march 2019 by aries1988
I’m Kelly Senecal and This Is How I DON’T Mesh | Another Fine Mesh
But the problem was that it took so long to create the first mesh, there was no way we were going to create more meshes with different resolutions. As a result, we really didn’t know if we were anywhere near grid convergence. Hence we would tune models to account for what was, most likely, error from being under-resolved.

JC: Grid convergence, for better or worse, remains an open issue if only from one of runtime. And the manner in which one obtains a family of meshes suitable for a grid convergence study is a bit more challenging with hybrid unstructured meshes than it was with structured grids.

What do you see are the biggest challenges facing CFD in the next 5 years?
Maintaining a good balance between accuracy and runtime. Industry needs faster simulations to make design decisions quicker; however, for CFD to be truly predictive we need higher mesh resolution, less empirical modeling, and fully transient simulations.
industry  cfd  mesh  interview 
october 2018 by aries1988
高薪互联网对决CFD
CFD教授级高工自己写的了CFD代码(具备高水平的计算机编程水平),推得了算法(张量、离散求解、甚至自己提出模型)。这是基本素养,是CFD教授级高工和CFD工程师的区别。
CFD教授级高工,可以从你的云图看出你的网格数量,从流场看出是否调用高阶格式,从几何外形看出哪里需要网格加密。

重申,CFD不同于实验学科,这一行,充满了学术传奇和商业传奇:
开源CFD软件架构师Weller只是本科生,从不写文章,创立CFD软件OpenFOAM
Wilcox逝世之前一直都是讲师,生前提出kOmega模型
Gosman在帝国理工时期,提出各种Gosman模型,后创立CFD软件STAR-CD
Hirt提出VOF模型,单篇被引10000+,创立CFD软件Flow-3D
Peric放弃帝国理工大学教授职位创立公司,即为CD-adapco的前身
Spalding提出CFD模型无数,学术不倒,同时创立CFD软件PHOENICS
他们都是纯粹的CFD教授级高工,是神。或有教职,或创立公司,或商业咨询,或身兼数职。

CFD应届生去公司要高薪,要走【一事一议】。发挥经验优势,越老越值钱。
谈薪水,靠的自己的技能。赚多少钱,取决于你能拿多少东西上台面。但这里,问一下自己,你的CFD技能是否能做到一事一议?算例发散了怎么办?是否会植入新的大气流动模型?如何增加一个地面的造火源项?
拿多少工资,取决于你创造的效益。

在某一天,各大公司将不再看重花花绿绿的云图,而是真正的需要CFD做产品设计的时候。
他们终将填充一批强有力的CFD教授级高级工程师。
那个时候,将需要一个CFD理论功底扎实,行业经验丰富的人,以领导者开创者的身份,负责万亿体量产品的设计变革。
career  cfd  moi  future  today  history  comparison  internet  2018  industry  bat 
april 2018 by aries1988
5 bonnes raisons de se tourner vers les métiers de l'industrie - L'Etudiant
"L’industrie arrive en tête des secteurs qui rémunèrent le mieux les cadres", rappelle la dernière enquête de l'APEC consacrée aux évolutions des rémunérations. Le salaire brut médian y est de 52.000 € par an contre 50.000 € dans le commerce, 47.000 € dans la construction et 46.000 € dans les services. Un argument sonnant et trébuchant à ne pas négliger dans vos choix d'insertion professionnelle !
numbers  metier  france  salary  industry  future  français  youth  workforce 
february 2018 by aries1988
L’éolien français manque de souffle

L’énergie éolienne ne fournit aujourd’hui que 4 % de l’électricité française. Lourdeurs administratives et efficacité des recours expliquent cette piètre performance. Le gouvernement tente cependant d’encourager l’essor d’une filière industrielle.

La loi de transition énergétique, votée en 2015, fixe ainsi un objectif d’au moins 22 000 mégawatts (MW) de capacité installée en éolien terrestre à l’horizon 2023, contre 12 000 MW aujourd’hui. Concrètement, pour atteindre cet objectif, il faudra ajouter plus de 4 000 éoliennes aux 6 500 existantes. Mais pour atteindre l’autre objectif de la loi, celui de réduire à 50 % la part du nucléaire dans la production d’électricité, il faudra aller bien plus loin.

« On nous fait poser des Nokia 3310 alors que l’iPhone est déjà disponible, résume un industriel du secteur. Auparavant, on avait quatre mâts de 1 MW chacun, alors qu’aujourd’hui on peut avoir un mât qui produit 4 MW. Mais on ne peut pas les installer puisqu’ils n’existaient pas au moment du dépôt du projet. »

« La complexité joue en faveur de l’Europe. Une éolienne, c’est plus compliqué à fabriquer et surtout à exporter qu’un panneau solaire. »

Grâce à ces modifications, le SER estime que le temps moyen de développement d’un projet d’éolien terrestre en France pourrait descendre à cinq ans – contre sept à dix ans aujourd’hui

Certains y voient même la possibilité de créer une filière industrielle française, après plusieurs faux départs. Siemens Gamesa a ainsi une usine d’éoliennes offshore qui pourrait être prête pour 2019 au Havre (Seine-Maritime), et défend une adaptation du port afin de pouvoir accueillir les gigantesques navires nécessaires à l’installation des éoliennes en mer. General Electric attend également de pouvoir faire fonctionner à plein régime ses usines de Montoir-de-Bretagne (Loire-Atlantique) et de Cherbourg (Manche)… une fois que les projets lancés en 2011 seront confirmés.
eolien  numbers  france  français  industry  project  politics  today  china 
december 2017 by aries1988
L’industrie, histoire à hauteur d’hommes

Ainsi, d’un livre à l’autre, s’écrit une autre histoire industrielle, nourrie de l’observation des pratiques laborieuses, inscrite dans le temps long et dans des lieux qui, des vallées de Catalogne aux faubourgs de Gênes, sont dépaysants par rapport au textile flamand et aux fumées de Manchester. Ces travaux, en rouvrant le livre des facultés humaines, rendent à l’industrie ses sujets, les hommes et les femmes dont la peine a construit ce monde presque englouti qui fut le nôtre.
industry  history  europe  book 
december 2017 by aries1988
La consommation de charcuterie nuit gravement à la santé

Selon les conclusions du CIRC, rappelle-t-il, le risque de cancer colorectal est accru de 18 % pour une consommation de seulement 50 grammes de viandes transformées par jour – soit à peine deux fines tranches de jambon. Et encore ne s’agit-il là que d’un seul type de cancer, celui qui est le plus étudié en relation avec la consommation de produits carnés transformés…

La toxicité des sels nitrés (à base de nitrate ou de nitrite) est connue depuis plus d’un siècle et la cancérogénicité de certains d’entre eux, depuis plus de 50 ans. Ce qui n’empêche nullement les charcutiers industriels d’en ajouter à la grande majorité de leurs produits.
food  europe  français  industry  scandal  health  book  journalism 
november 2017 by aries1988
La consommation de charcuterie nuit gravement à la santé

Selon les conclusions du CIRC, rappelle-t-il, le risque de cancer colorectal est accru de 18 % pour une consommation de seulement 50 grammes de viandes transformées par jour – soit à peine deux fines tranches de jambon. Et encore ne s’agit-il là que d’un seul type de cancer, celui qui est le plus étudié en relation avec la consommation de produits carnés transformés…

La toxicité des sels nitrés (à base de nitrate ou de nitrite) est connue depuis plus d’un siècle et la cancérogénicité de certains d’entre eux, depuis plus de 50 ans. Ce qui n’empêche nullement les charcutiers industriels d’en ajouter à la grande majorité de leurs produits.
book  français  food  industry  porc  health  investigation 
november 2017 by aries1988
Diabète : enquête sur un marché très rentable

Conséquence de l’épidémie d’obésité, 425 millions d’adultes sont diabétiques. Problème de santé publique, cette maladie est un enjeu économique majeur pour les Etats… et les laboratoires.

Cette maladie chronique se caractérise par un taux élevé de sucre dans le sang. Elle apparaît lorsque le pancréas ne fabrique plus d’insuline (« type 1 ») ou que l’organisme répond moins bien au signal envoyé par cette hormone (« type 2 »). Le diabète « de type 2 » a pour origine un mode de vie inadapté (manque d’exercice physique, alimentation trop riche) : il est évitable et serait même réversible. Bien plus rare, le diabète dit « de type 1 » apparaît souvent dès l’enfance et ne peut être soigné. Il est causé par une destruction des cellules du pancréas spécialisées dans la production d’insuline, les cellules bêta.

en 2030, près d’un adulte sur deux devrait être obèse aux Etats-Unis, près de 40 % au Mexique, 35 % au Royaume-Uni et 20 % en France.

maximum recommandé par l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (25 grammes de sucre ajouté par jour, soit bien moins que les 35 g que contient une canette de Coca-Cola).
health  diabet  medicament  pharma  industry  money 
november 2017 by aries1988
Getting business moving again
Hugo Mercier, a 25-year-old engineering graduate, shunned corporate life to launch Dreem, a headband that uses promising neurotechnology to improve deep sleep.
entrepreneurial  france  français  2017  industry  innovation  macron 
october 2017 by aries1988
L’impasse technologique du diesel propre
De la désormais fameuse vanne EGR au filtre à particules, l’arsenal antipollution ne permet plus de respecter les normes.
2017  car  france  industry  crisis 
september 2017 by aries1988
What we get wrong about technology
Instead, when we try to imagine the future, the past offers two lessons. First, the most influential new technologies are often humble and cheap. Mere affordability often counts for more than the beguiling complexity of an organic robot such as Rachael. Second, new inventions do not appear in isolation, as Rachael and her fellow androids did. Instead, as we struggle to use them to their best advantage, they profoundly reshape the societies around us.

Paper had been invented 1,500 years earlier in China and long used in the Arabic world, where literacy was common. Yet it had taken centuries to spread to Christian Europe, because illiterate Europe no more needed a cheap writing surface than it needed a cheap metal to make crowns and sceptres.

Paper caught on only when a commercial class started to need an everyday writing surface for contracts and accounts. “If 11th-century Europe had little use for paper,” writes Mark Kurlansky in his book Paper, “13th-century Europe was hungry for it.”

The American west was reshaped by the invention of barbed wire, which was marketed by the great salesman John Warne Gates with the slogan: “Lighter than air, stronger than whiskey, cheaper than dust.”

the simple invention prevented free-roaming bison and cowboys’ herds of cattle from trampling crops.

this plunge has been driven less by any great technological breakthrough than by the humble methods familiar to anyone who shops at Ikea: simple modular products that have been manufactured at scale and that snap together quickly on site.
invention  technology  productivity  industry  history  future  creativity 
july 2017 by aries1988
« Enquête mondiale sur la tomate d’industrie », révélations sur un produit phare

Jean-Baptiste Malet révèle bien d’autres secrets : la mainmise des Chinois sur cette fabrication, le fait que les Italiens, grands exportateurs des préparations à base de tomate, sauces, plats cuisinés, pizzas, importent la pâte chinoise pour la transformer, en ajoutant de l’eau et du sel, et les revendent comme produits made in Italy. Le Cabanon, jolie marque qui fleure bon la Provence française, est aux mains d’un groupe chinois depuis 2004. Plus rien n’est produit dans cette ex-coopérative française, hormis des transformations du concentré arrivé de Chine.
food  tomato  industry  world  book  français 
july 2017 by aries1988
Will China Save the American Economy?
Chinese workers do—on average, the Chinese work 2,200 hours a year, compared to 1,790 for the United States.


But labor expenses are rising in China. According to the Chinese Business Climate Survey, put out by the American Chamber of Commerce in China and the consulting firm Bain & Company, businesses there cite rising labor costs as their top problem. That’s in part because worker organizations are gaining strength, and strikes and labor disputes are becoming more common. Today, Chinese manufacturing wages adjusted for productivity are $12.47 an hour, compared to $22.32 in the United States, according to the Boston Consulting Group.
chinese  industry  usa  reportage  numbers  comparison  workforce  manufacturing 
july 2017 by aries1988
China's Day In The Sun And The Future Of The Solar Industry
China’s out to own the sun. What about the United States? Plus, what we're doing to protect ourselves from cyberattacks on energy grids.
energy  china  industry  job  workforce  usa  comparison  numbers  development  today 
may 2017 by aries1988
The race to build the world’s first sex robot
something as lifelike as possible – it’s his brand’s USP (unique selling point).

Matt McMullen says he’s helping the socially isolated, but once it becomes possible for a man to own a companion whose sole reason for existing is to give him pleasure, without the inconvenience of its own ambitions and needs, menstrual cycles and jealous passions, bathroom habits and in-laws, he may turn away from human relationships altogether.
reportage  robot  manufacturing  captor  industry  emotion  human  love  sex  money 
may 2017 by aries1988
Industrial Revolution Comparisons Aren't Comforting

The early to mid-19th century saw the rise of socialist ideologies, largely as a response to economic disruptions. Whatever mistakes Karl Marx made, he was a keen observer of the Industrial Revolution, and there is a reason he became so influential. He failed to see the long-run ability of capitalism to raise living standards significantly, but he understood and vividly described the transition costs and the economic volatility.

along the way the intellectual currents of the 19th century produced a lot of overreaction in other, more destructive directions. The ideas of Marx fed into the movements behind the Soviet Union, Communist China and the Khmer Rouge. Arguably, fascist doctrine also was in part a response to the disruptions of industrialization in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

an estimated 38 percent of the EU budget will be going to farm subsidies. Farms as a share of total employment are quite small (about 2 percent), but farmers as an interest group have not gone away, even hundreds of years after agricultural employment started to decline.
opinion  automation  revolution  industry  future  crisis  job  workforce  comparison  history  money  agriculture  economy 
february 2017 by aries1988
Our Automated Future

"I for one welcome our new computer overlords."

Could another person learn to do your job by studying a detailed record of everything you’ve done in the past? Martin Ford, a software developer, asks early on in Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future (Basic Books).

Imagine a matrix with two axes, manual versus cognitive and routine versus nonroutine. Jobs can then be arranged into four boxes: manual routine, manual nonroutine, and so on. (Two of Brynjolfsson and McAfee’s colleagues at M.I.T., Daron Acemoglu and David Autor, performed a formal version of this analysis in 2010.) Jobs on an assembly line fall into the manual-routine box, jobs in home health care into the manual-nonroutine box. Keeping track of inventory is in the cognitive-routine box; dreaming up an ad campaign is cognitive nonroutine.

Later, Ford notes, A computer doesn’t need to replicate the entire spectrum of your intellectual capability in order to displace you from your job; it only needs to do the specific things you are paid to do.

Each new technology displaced a new cast of workers: first knitters, then farmers, then machinists. The world as we know it today is a product of these successive waves of displacement, and of the social and artistic movements they inspired: Romanticism, socialism, progressivism, Communism.

Even as robots grow cleverer, some tasks continue to bewilder them. At present, machines are not very good at walking up stairs, picking up a paper clip from the floor, or reading the emotional cues of a frustrated customer

Routine jobs on the factory floor or in payroll or accounting departments tend to fall in between. And it’s these middle-class jobs that robots have the easiest time laying their grippers on.

As recently as twenty years ago, Google didn’t exist, and as recently as thirty years ago it couldn’t have existed, since the Web didn’t exist. At the close of the third quarter of 2016, Google was valued at almost five hundred and fifty billion dollars and ranked as the world’s second-largest publicly traded company, by market capitalization. (The first was Apple.)

Google also illustrates how, in the age of automation, new wealth can be created without creating new jobs. Google employs about sixty thousand workers. General Motors, which has a tenth of the market capitalization, employs two hundred and fifteen thousand people. And this is G.M. post-Watson. In the late nineteen-seventies, the carmaker’s workforce numbered more than eight hundred thousand.
ai  automation  robot  manufacturing  industry  workforce  future  crisis  opportunity  politics  book  opinion  prediction  history  explained  watson 
december 2016 by aries1988
Studio City - The New Yorker
Hengdian’s lot is eight thousand acres and includes a replica of the Forbidden City.
tv  entertainment  story  china  city  instapaper_favs  reportage  movie  industry  actor 
april 2016 by aries1988
Belgium: a nation divided by more than two languages
This was not always the case. Wallonia was among the first regions in northern Europe to industrialise in the 19th century, with industries such as glass making and coal mining. By contrast, the largely agrarian Flanders fell behind. But Flanders boomed in the postwar era, attracting much foreign investment. The Walloon economy, meanwhile, collapsed as the region’s main heavy industries faltered. Between 1980 and 2010, the number of jobs in manufacturing halved from one in four to just one in 10. Although Wallonia has well-regarded universities in Liège, Mons and Namur, the ones that are at the top of global rankings — such as Leuven and Ghent — are in Flanders. While wealth plays a role, the real divide is linguistic. The majority of people in Belgium speak Dutch as their first language. Nearly 60 per cent of Dutch speakers also speak French, but barely one in five of Belgium’s francophone population can speak Dutch.
history  explained  numbers  belgique  analysis  economy  benelux  language  industry  français 
november 2015 by aries1988
两年前,美国人这样处理得州化工厂大爆炸
2013年4月17日,美国得克萨斯州中部某小镇的韦斯特化工厂发生惨烈的大爆炸,造成14人死亡,60人失踪,约
industry  accident  management  usa  showcase 
august 2015 by aries1988
Inside the Dyson dynasty - FT.com
Jake (left) and James Dyson
James Dyson shifts in his seat and laughs awkwardly as his flow of thought hits a tricky obstacle. “God, this is difficult,” he…
story  design  entrepreneurial  industry  home 
may 2015 by aries1988
Alex Garland of ‘Ex Machina’ Talks About Artificial Intelligence

But there is a mistake here. The machines in question are not strong A.I.’s. They are weak. They have no motivation, no intention; they’re neutral. The thing with an agenda is us: consumers, who want to buy the machines, and manufacturers, who want to sell them. And looming over both, giant tech companies, whose growth only ever seems to be exponential, whose practices are opaque, and whose power is both massive and without true oversight. Combine all this with government surveillance and lotus-eating public acquiescence, and it’s not the machine component that scares me. It’s the human component.
movie  ai  future  human  society  industry  essay 
april 2015 by aries1988
Made in America, Again - James Fallows - The Atlantic
This is partly because some global supply chains have been stretched too far, leaving companies vulnerable to supply disruptions or quality problems on the other side of the world. But mainly, according to Liam Casey, it is because of the obvious reality that the more valuable the product, the less it matters that it be made with low-cost labor. “It’s more important that producer and customer are close to each other,” Casey told me. That gives designers a better sense of a market’s taste and a shorter cycle for creating new products. “Mass production will stay in China—for now,” he said. But start-up hardware firms will find it economical to do more of their work inside the United States.
industry  manufacturing  usa  future 
september 2014 by aries1988
Suez Environnement se renforce aux Etats-Unis
Suez Environnement n'est pas le seul à lorgner ce marché : son concurrent français Veolia Environnement est aussi à l'offensive. Depuis 2012, le numéro un mondial du secteur aide par exemple la ville de New York à améliorer la gestion de ses services d'eau et d'assainissement, moyennant 10 millions de dollars par an. " Mais les groupes français doivent faire vite, assure un spécialiste du secteur. Leur concurrent American Water, qui a l'avantage d'être américain, se montre très agressif et pourrait à terme rafler le plus gros des contrats. "
usa  français  industry 
september 2014 by aries1988
Le bond en arrière de l'industrie française
Si l'on compare à juin 2008, juste avant l'éclatement de la crise, la chute est spectaculaire. En six ans, la production industrielle a diminué de 12 %. Quelques branches ont continué à progresser, comme l'aéronautique, l'assainissement de l'eau et la chimie.

L'industrie tricolore se retrouve piégée dans un cercle vicieux. Des produits trop chers qui se vendent mal. Des consommateurs qui manquent de pouvoir d'achat. Des marges en recul, qui ne permettent guère d'investir pour monter en gamme. « Cela explique l'inertie de l'offre, qui ne répond ni à la demande intérieure ni à la demande étrangère », conclut M. Artus.
france  industry  today 
august 2014 by aries1988
Full Recovery Still Years Away for Many in Euro Zone - NYTimes.com
Of the 18 European Union member countries that use the euro, only Germany and, to a lesser extent, France have returned to precrisis levels of growth. The United States, despite a spotty recovery, hit that marker in 2011.

Nearly six years since the onset of the crisis, Germany is still one of the few euro zone countries to have fully bounced back. Its economy is now around 4 percent bigger than it was in 2008, said Richard Boxshall, an economist at PwC, the consulting firm, in London.
germany  industry  crisis  europe 
june 2014 by aries1988
In a Digital World, Lego Sticks to Its Bricks
WSJ: Legos are built to exact specifications. That's generally kept competitors' products at a far remove. Will manufacturing advances in the developing world change that?

Mr. Knudstorp: Operating a global supply chain with a global assortment of extremely high quality [toys] with literally zero product recalls and exacting chemical standards that comply with global chemical regulations—even the modern European Toy Safety Directive—is something of a feat. We're very proud that we're capable of that. Our operations are a major competitive advantage. You can copy one brick, surely, but doing 50 billion in the way we do, and also in an economically feasible way, is quite a feat.

WSJ: You've had great success with play themes like "Star Wars," "Harry Potter," and "Lord of the Rings." What are some themes you didn't get right?

Mr. Knudstorp: "Prince of Persia" was one. Another one was "The Lone Ranger," which did OK for us but not as great as we had hoped on the back of the fact that both movies flopped at the box office. This is part of business sometimes.
toy  future  industry  lego  interview  kid  strategy 
april 2014 by aries1988
Intellectual property: Can you keep a secret? | The Economist
Had Coca-Cola patented its secret recipe, it would have lost the rights to it long ago. And it would have lost its mystique straight away.
from:kindle  cocacola  patent  industry 
april 2013 by aries1988
A Cycle of Contamination — and Cancer — That Won’t End - NYTimes.com
As in Toms River, so many things about last week’s debacle in Handan were infuriating, starting with the chemical involved: aniline. That was the compound that launched the synthetic chemical industry in 1856, when a precocious 18-year-old named William Henry Perkin, experimenting in his parents’ London attic, inadvertently discovered that aniline, dissolved in sulfuric acid and mixed with potassium dichromate, made a superb purple dye.

Soon London, Basel, Switzerland, and the Ruhr Valley in Germany were littered with aniline factories, many of which would morph into familiar corporate giants like CIBA, Geigy, Agfa and the German behemoth BASF, the industry leader. In Basel and London, it was said, you could tell which dyes were being made by the color of the nearby canals and rivers, where the factories dumped their waste. Factory bosses would send workers on clandestine midnight runs to the Middle Bridge in Basel to dump barrels of waste into the fast-moving Rhine.

The reality of 21st-century globalism, however, is that none of us can pretend that by pushing the chemical industry out of our communities we have stopped enabling its dangerous practices. The industry jobs that started in Basel, and then migrated to Cincinnati and Toms River, are now in Shanxi Province and other coal-rich areas of China. BASF alone now owns or invests in 45 Chinese ventures. Meanwhile, hundreds of smaller companies like the Tianji Coal Chemical Industry Group, whose Changzhi factory was the source of last week’s leak, are busy turning coal into aniline and a host of other chemical products.
globalization  life  history  chemistry  industry  environment  health 
january 2013 by aries1988
Prêt à jeter - ARTE
 Dès les années 1920, un concept redoutable a été mis au point : l'obsolescence programmée. "Un produit qui ne s'use pas est une tragédie pour les affaires", lisait-on en 1928 dans une revue spécialisée. Peu à peu, on contraint les ingénieurs à créer des
documentary  environment  industry  via:mandarine 
november 2012 by aries1988
【放言四海】丰田怎么成了美国车
美国人对丰田的认知,折射了经济全球化时代跨国公司与国家和政府之间的关系变迁。在生产与贸易国际化程度处于低级阶段的时代,公司仍然处于地方化阶段,公司的本国背景很强。当生产、投资以及贸易的国际化程度越来越强的时候,公司逐渐走出地域限制,形成跨国公司。此时公司不再为某一特定国家服务,而是以全球公民的身份活动。跨国公司的总公司及其子公司和分公司之间,以规范的全球通行的公司治理原则为基础,彼此通过契约关系进行商业活动。此时位于东道国的子公司,在法律上成为受东道国法律保护的商业实体。甚至于总公司申请破产保护,子公司照样运转。比如2008年通用公司在美国申请破产保护,通用在华子公司照样盈利。从经济学的角度,子公司与东道国的股东、债权人、供应商、消费者、社区已经形成了具有稳定价值的“关系”。这种关系的整体构成公司的价值,也是公司对东道国的商业贡献。所以,在经济全球化时代,从公司所形成的经济价值的角度判断其属性可能更有意义。比如2008年金融危机,克莱斯勒濒临倒闭,意大利的菲亚特收购了克莱斯勒,成为克莱斯勒的母公司。试问:克莱斯勒是意大利公司还是美国公司?

丰田在美国的生产、研发、销售等一系列行为所形成的巨大价值,都构成了美国的国民财富。美国人视丰田为美国车,既反映了美国人的实用主义国民性格,也符合现代社会企业价值与国民财富之间的基本逻辑。
today  industry  business  automobile 
september 2012 by aries1988
你画我猜的赌博
《Draw Something》这款爆红的猜词小游戏背后,是残酷的创业逻辑。
难倒中国用户的TOP10单词

(查询增长量最高的TOP10单词)

Tomhanks

Hambone

Hamwich

Paperbag

Drumset

Paintcan

Kneepads

Icepop

Toga

Pricetag

数据来源:有道词典
apple  app  chinese  english  industry  startup  idea 
april 2012 by aries1988

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