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aries1988 : italia   44

Italy’s erotic revolution in art joined the lusty to the divine | Aeon Ideas

Like most revolutions, this one was hardly total. It differed from the ‘sexual revolution’ of the 1960s in that it didn’t change social history, and no new contraceptive device liberated women from the endless cycle of marriage or prostitution. A more accurate phrase would be ‘erotic-aesthetic revolution’, radically changing the way that Italians conceived, created and thought about art.
pornography  art  painting  italia  Renaissance  aesthetics 
12 days ago by aries1988
Latin is dead—yet it also lives on - Johnson

A millennium or so after Cicero’s moans, in other words, Europeans spoke a range of tongues that were nevertheless related to each other and to Latin. What happened next in Italy had as much to do with politics as with the dynamics of languages. The contrast with its northern neighbour is instructive. France was unified by the conquest of territory spreading out from Paris; the conquerors brought Parisian speech with them, and that became “French”. A mighty state then did its best to teach that language everywhere, and to eradicate local variants.

Italy was unified far later, in the 19th century. “Italian” was thus created by the pen, not the sword. The 13th- and 14th-century works of Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio were the peninsula’s most revered literature. So when, in the 16th century, Pietro Bembo sat down to write a grammar for the prestige language of their texts, he used their (by now rather old) Tuscan dialect as his model. In this way “Italian” was born—though Bembo titled his book simply “Writings on the Vulgar Tongue”. It soon spread to elites in other regions.
italia  origin  latin  language 
10 weeks ago by aries1988
一席 | 万象 建筑史话
王南
清华大学建筑学院青年教师
一席第566位讲者
很多文明也会拱券,包括中国,但为什么盖不出古罗马那么辉煌的大建筑呢?
歌德说建筑是凝固的音乐,很有诗意的一个说法,可从我们学建筑史的人看来,好像雨果说的建筑是石头的史书更对一些,尤其对西方建筑而言。如果再加进中国建筑的话,我们可以说中西方的建筑是土木砖石写成的史诗,所以希望能和大家一起来感受这首东西方建筑的史诗,开启一场东西方建筑之旅。

正式开始之前,我想特别隆重地介绍一下今天讲课的地点。我们所在的地方是清华大学新林院8号,它是梁思成和林徽因的故居。很多人都知道梁思成、林徽因是清华大学建筑系的创始人,我相当于是在祖师爷的家里跟大家讲建筑,所以我现在的心情是如何地激动,大家也可想而知。
rome  italia  architecture  movie  podcast  learn  artefact  course 
december 2018 by aries1988
Prêts à des entreprises d'origines différentes
Risque conjoncturel : Les niveaux de défaut des paiements des PME dans les trois pays n’est pas le même. 4% des prêts aux PME en France font défaut par an, 9,5% en Espagne et 18,5% en Italie
numbers  pme  europe  espagna  italia  france  investment  economy 
november 2018 by aries1988
Austria and Italy clash over South Tyrol citizenship proposal
Vienna proposes citizenship for residents of region formerly part of Austro-Hungarian empire
italia  austria  war  ww1  today 
december 2017 by aries1988
Dans le Piémont, un délice du bout des Langhes
L’un de ses produits stars, c’est la noisette du Piémont, ou Tonda Gentile delle Langhe, considérée comme le must de la noisette. C’est avec cette variété d’aveline, dont il achète plusieurs tonnes par an, qu’il fabrique depuis 2014 une pâte à tartiner aux antipodes d’une certaine pâte industrielle (trop) célèbre : sa Casse-Noisette contient 63 % de noisettes (du Piémont exclusivement), tandis que le Nutella n’en contient que 13 %, essentiellement en provenance de Turquie, le numéro un mondial de la production nucicole.

« La noisette du Piémont ne représente que 2 % du marché mondial, mais sa notoriété est sans frontières, assure Pier Giorgio Mollea : elle est ronde et douce, croquante et fine, avec une palette aromatique puissante, due à une quantité d’acide oléique élevée. C’est tout un terroir, un microclimat, des températures continentales et la proximité de la mer… »
italia 
october 2017 by aries1988
In the Tonnara
In these buildings, every scrap of the tuna was used, even the blood and the fat, just as my people butchered their hogs in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. The choice cuts are obvious, and the dried roe (bottarga) is especially prized, but in the tonnara, the fish’s entrails and offal also were salted or preserved in oil for various uses, and difficult portions such as the joints and buzzonaglia were accorded care. Even the lattume, the male Bluefin’s sac of seminal fluid, was kept for the table.

I was drawn again and again to the tonnare. Only now do I realize I was fatigued by the endless palazzi and cathedrals of the rich that one is pointed to in Italy. It was refreshing to encounter a place where typical people—workers—lived and made a living.

For all we romanticize the notion of “work” in America, and as much as the politicians shill for it, the daily life of a laborer is the first thing to slip the collective memory. Instead, our children are taken to visit the mansion, the cathedral, or the art museum where the dirty money was poured. The factories corrode. The roof falls in. The weather comes. I remember bored teenage friends throwing rocks at the high windows of Dalzell-Viking Glass—their people had surely worked there blowing glass, but no one had a sense that it was of any importance. I didn’t either, not at the time. I probably would have thrown a rock had I any athletic ability.
sicily  italia  factory  renovation  city  village  gentrification  local  life  region  essay  love  fish  sea 
october 2017 by aries1988
How Latin became the language of the Roman Empire | Unravel Magazine

most importantly of all, the Etruscans gave the Latin-speaking people the means to make Latin a written language: an adapted version of a Greek alphabet.

Surprisingly, it is more structurally similar to Central Asian Turkish than any of the Italic languages, or even its contemporaries farther afield such as Punic, Greek, or Gaulish [4].
latin  language  origin  history  italia  comparison 
october 2017 by aries1988
Shakespeare’s Cure for Xenophobia | The New Yorker
This is hardly an arrangement to celebrate in the twenty-first century, but it was an early attempt in modern history at a form of modus vivendi that would permit Venetians to live in proximity to an intensely disliked but useful neighbor. The usefulness was not universally acknowledged. At the time, in Italy and elsewhere, itinerant preachers were stirring up mobs to demand the expulsion of the Jews, as had been done recently in Spain and Portugal and, centuries earlier, in England. A scant generation later, Martin Luther, in Germany, urged the Protestant faithful to raze the Jews’ synagogues, schools, and houses, to forbid their rabbis on pain of death to teach, and to burn all Jewish prayer books and Talmudic writings. At the time that the ghetto was created, there were people still living who could remember when three Venetian Jews, accused of the ritual killing of Christians for their blood, were convicted of this entirely fantastical crime and burned to death. In Venice, locking the Jews up at night may have given them a small measure of protection from the paranoid fears of those with whom they dealt during the day. The ghetto was a compromise formation, neither absorption nor expulsion. It was a topographical expression of extreme ambivalence.

Even after a lifetime of studying Shakespeare, I cannot always tell you precisely how he achieved this extraordinary life-making. I sometimes picture him attaching his characters like leeches to his arms and allowing them to suck his lifeblood.
shakespeare  italia  jew  human  theater 
july 2017 by aries1988
Twitter
"Very relieved to be safe" - the terrifying moment and crew were caught up in Mount Etna eruption…
volcano  video  italia  sicily 
march 2017 by aries1988
Can Women Bring Down Trump? 
Italian women have some advice for American women based on their experience with Berlusconi.
italia  female  advice  american  2016  politics  sexism 
november 2016 by aries1988
For the love of pizza | The Economist
that certified “Pizza Napoletana TSG” must consist of a base of twice-leavened, hand-shaped dough (no rolling pin), no wider than 35cm. It must be 0.4cm thick at the centre and 1cm-2cm around the rim. It may be garnished in just three ways: with tomatoes and extra-virgin olive oil, or with certified mozzarella from either buffalo’s or cow’s milk. It must be baked in a wood-fired oven and eaten on the spot, not frozen or vacuum-packed.

This is culinary dogmatism.

Italians like to think that their art, culture and way of life will lift them out of economic torpor. But the sacralisation of heritage is a millstone. Italy has seen almost no productivity growth in more than a decade, in part because its firms remain small: on average they count seven employees, about the size of a family-run pizzeria. Artisan products offer no salvation. Italy has no global food chains to speak of (or even big retailers, such as France’s Carrefour). It may be home to espresso, but the next-door Swiss invented Nespresso.

Look closely at a Neapolitan pizza: the succulent tomatoes came from the New World; the best mozzarella is made from the milk of the buffalo, an Asian beast that may have arrived in Italy with the barbarian tribes who conquered Rome; the aromatic basil originates from India. Neapolitan migrants carried pizza across Italy and America. The genius of Italy lies in its inventiveness and adaptability—not in a hallowed land, nor in an imagined tradition canonised by the state. That way lies paralysis and cultural fossilisation.
food  italia  pizza 
august 2016 by aries1988
Marconi forged today's interconnected world of communication | New Scientist
He may not have had Einstein's orginality, but Marconi pioneered the modern communication systems that led to cellphones and the internet

After Marconi’s death, Franklin wrote of his boss with a mixture of respect and criticism: “His scientific knowledge was weak, his engineering knowledge was weak, but he had a damned lot of intuition and common sense. He may have initiated the beam system but he didn’t know a thing about it.”
book  leader  communication  italia  engineering  radio  invention 
august 2016 by aries1988
David’s Ankles: How Imperfections Could Bring Down the World’s Most Perfect Statue
For several hundred years, the David leaned at an angle of several degrees. That doesn’t sound like much, but when you’re dealing with six tons bearing down every second of every minute of every day of every year of every century, it is plenty. Hairline fractures worked their way slowly through the stone. The right leg is significantly worse than the left. As the tilt of the statue increases, the stress will move higher and higher up that leg, until — at the moment of failure — it will break off just below the knee.

for no discernible reason, my eyes would dart away from my interlocutor, urgently, right over one of his or her shoulders, and the shift would be so sudden that the person would whip his or her head around to see what on earth I was looking at — a policeman or an exotic bird or a runaway train — but it would turn out that there was nothing there at all. My gaze had been flicked away by a little spasm of social discomfort.

The David’s journey took four days, at the end of which it was installed, to much fanfare, out in the public square. It would stand in that same spot for the next 369 years, a period during which it would be shaken by thunder, hit by carts and smeared with bird feces.
social  self  anxiety  perfection  journalsim  florence  italia  history  art  state  today  preservation  earthquake  youth  philosophy  book 
august 2016 by aries1988
What should you read this summer? A mega reading list
Supplement to the Italian Dictionary by Bruno Munari
“How could you do all of the following without uttering a word? Issue an invitation. Ask for the check. Say no. Convey happiness, sorrow or fury. Congratulate someone. Threaten them. Tell them to call you, to come closer, to step aside or that you love them. The brilliant mid-20th-century Italian designer and design theorist Bruno Munari showed how to express all of those things without speaking through hand gestures, facial expressions and attitudes of the body in his 1963 Supplement to the Italian Dictionary. His book is an inspired and engaging analysis not only of improvisational design but of the Italian psyche.” — Alice Rawsthorn (TED Talk: Pirates, nurses and other rebel designers).
list  TED  italia  language  book  read  instapaper_favs 
july 2016 by aries1988
The Beguiling Charm of a Return Visit to Sicily
The author traveled with three generations of family to one of her favorite places on earth and wondered: Can you ever go back again?
sicily  italia  tourist 
may 2016 by aries1988
Searching for Signs of Hannibal’s Route in DNA from Horse Manure - The New Yorker

The ability to test soil directly for genetic material has extended archeology beyond the quest for the usual biological suspects, such as microscopic fossils. The whole business of looking at sediments is bubbling up now—it is taking off because of advances in DNA sequencing, Pallen said. There is a realization that the environment is full of DNA . . . and you can detect it in sediments even in the absence of fossil remains.
genetics  discovery  alpe  italia  spqr  war  warrior  antiquity  animal  archaeology 
may 2016 by aries1988
To Catch a Scammer in Madrid
Desperate attempts to track down an Internet swindler in person.
story  italia  espagna  money 
january 2016 by aries1988
为什么意大利没有星巴克
世界上的第一杯Espresso诞生于公元900年——当然,毫无悬念的,第一杯Espresso诞生在意大利。从那时开始,意大利人对Espresso的热爱就没有中断过。意大利人每年要消耗掉7千万杯Espresso,平均每人要喝600杯。但在意大利,你很少会听到Espresso这个词,大多数时候,意大利人只简单的说咖啡(caffè)。

每个人的面前摆着自己的杯子——通常爸爸的最小,因为他只喝咖啡;孩子的最大,因为他们需要倒进大量的牛奶来和咖啡混合。意大利人从来不觉得小孩子不能喝含有咖啡的饮料——卡布奇诺(cappuccino)是意大利小朋友早餐的第一选择。

这些咖啡馆往往以美式咖啡体验为卖点:现代简约的店面设计、大容量便于外卖的纸杯、加了牛奶和糖浆的咖啡、以布朗尼为代表的美式甜点和免费的WIFI……这些咖啡馆受到了意大利年轻人和游客们的喜爱,通常的赞美声也都会类似简直就是意大利的星巴克、感觉比星巴克还好喝之类。
explained  coffee  italia  today  numbers  business 
august 2015 by aries1988
How To Make Perfect Stovetop Espresso Coffee with a Bialetti Moka Pot
Screw the jug part of the pot back onto the base, and put the pot on a low heat on the hob. If you turn up the heat too high, the coffee will boil in the pot and taste bitter.
My own 6-cup Moka Pot takes about five minutes or so to make the coffee. Many people recommend taking the pot off the heat as soon as it starts to make gurgling noises, but if you use a very low heat, you may find that removing the pot too soon leaves the reservoir half full and the pot half empty. Using a low heat means that the coffee never boils, so you won’t have to worry about the coffee tasting bitter.
cafe  howto  italia 
june 2015 by aries1988
A Tour of Sardinia, Full of Discoveries
At one end of the church plaza, men stirred a caldron of oil so big it could have staved off invaders at a medieval castle.
Instead, it was full of frying…
sardinia  italia  idea  moi  travel 
may 2015 by aries1988
意大利总领事私人推荐:三座最美意大利中世纪小城
此外,每个国家对于不同种类意大利食品的欢迎程度也不一样。中国消费者最喜欢的意大利食品是费列罗巧克力,但你们对意大利葡萄酒似乎不太感冒,意大利葡萄酒在中国市场的认知度不及法国葡萄酒。其实意大利是全世界葡萄酒产量最高的国家,产量占到世界的1/4,有些年头法国的产量会超过我们,有些年头又是我们(的产量)最高。在美国,意大利葡萄酒占据着最高的市场份额。所以要让中国消费者对于意大利葡萄酒有个更全面的认识,我们需要做的工作还很多。

牛肉,佛罗伦萨牛肉,非常美味,鲜嫩多汁。现在中国消费者在西餐厅里吃到的进口牛肉主要来自澳洲,但佛罗伦萨牛肉口感更好,只是现在还不能进口中国,在这方面中意两国暂时还没签署协议,我们也期待有朝一日中国人民能在家门口吃到佛罗伦萨牛肉,因为中国人民对于美食的选择日趋多样化,他们也希望有机会能够换换口味。

火腿也是意大利人日常生活中不可或缺的食品。中意两国在这里有个很有意思的共同点。在汉字里,“家”的下半部分是个“豕”字,意思是猪,上面的宝盖头代表房子的屋顶。所以可以推测在古代中国,人们和猪共同生活在屋檐之下;而在古代意大利,农村地区的人们也是和猪住在一起,可见两国人民的生活方式在古代非常相近。

现在已经在有合资企业在安徽和江苏开办工厂,在当地进行生猪养殖,生产意大利火腿,虽然工艺可以基本做到一样,但生猪毕竟不是在意大利土生土长,所以和意大利进口的火腿相比,(口味)肯定还是有区别。所以有些意大利食品受地理和气候条件影响很大,进口中国的成本就很高。
italia  list  advice  local  cuisine  travel 
december 2014 by aries1988
My European Ritual

I call this outing my monthly “bulle de bonheur” — “bubble of happiness” — unscheduled time and as many books as I want for free.

From 11 a.m. until 1 p.m. on the third Sunday of each month, a group of retirees takes over a corner of the Rue des Martyrs in my neighborhood in the Ninth Arrondissement. It’s time for Circul’Livre, a volunteer operation dedicated to the preservation of the book. Circul’Livre was created in 2004 and now operates in about 20 locations throughout Paris. Used books are classified by subject and displayed in crates. They are not for sale. Customers take as many as they want as long as they adhere to an informal code of honor neither to sell nor destroy them. They are encouraged to drop off their old books.
paris  secret  discovery  local  travel  idea  london  budapest  granada  italia  buy  athens  amsterdam 
april 2014 by aries1988
Italo-German Ties: Face the Music
The current crisis is driving a wedge between Germans and Italians. Newspapers are filled with reciprocal accusations and criticism, and the gap between the two countries is getting wider and wider. Time to focus on a powerful commonality: Music. Contrary to any other crisis in the last eight decades, this one is taking a decisive cultural turn. Some Germans claim it is due to the Italian passion for complaining and not delivering, and Italians believe it is due to a German desire for supremacy. Italians coming home carry with them stories of what they perceive to be a “German closed society.” Think about what could happen in Germany if the country joins the recession bunch, and jobless Germans would have to face the competition of millions of foreigners that have entered the country in the previous years.
italia  economy  today  deutschland  history  germany 
july 2013 by aries1988
ITALIE • La vallée des armes ne connaît pas la crise | Courrier international
Pistolets et fusils sont une spécialité d’excellence italienne. Injustement négligée, cette industrie –dont le chiffre d’affaires annuel est estimé à 5,2 milliards d’euros– est comparable, en termes de taille et de qualité, aux secteurs de la mode et de la gastronomie.
Le petit bijou du groupe Beretta, symbole du “made in Italie”, au même titre que la Ferrari ou la cafetière à pression Bialetti, équipe les forces de l’ordre italiennes et l’armée américaine. “T’es pas un vrai marine tant que t’as pas bouffé de l’acier italien”, assène un membre des Navy Seals [forces spéciales américaines].
war  italia 
may 2013 by aries1988
The Science of Predicting the Future
If you want to know what’s going to happen in the future with any sort of accuracy, you need science. It’s the only thing that’s ever worked, and the more we do it, the better we get at it. This means we need to make the world safe for scientists to do science, we need to treat the science being done with the respect it deserves, and we need to improve and encourage communication between scientists and the public. Remember, somewhere, right now, a scientist is hard at work trying to understand how some part of this Universe works for the sole purpose of trying to protect you from what are otherwise completely unpredictable natural disasters.
http://www.instapaper.com/read/333030634
risk  scientist  society  future  italia  earthquake 
october 2012 by aries1988
全球商业-欧洲时间
>中国人来了理发只是华人在意大利进军的若干行业之一,在服装业、采石业,甚至色情业,中国人都赢得了一席之地。除了吃苦耐劳,他们的秘诀是:灵活机动,效率优先。  8欧元,这是北米兰圣乔瓦尼一家华人理发店男子剪发的价格。一个欧美人和一个经济学家第一次看到这个价格时可能都会感到震惊。在欧美这些人力成本高的国家,随便剪个头发就要30到50欧元,讲究点的100欧元都下不来,8欧元实在太低了,他们都不好意思不多给点小费;而对于一个经济学家,这个价格可能会动摇他的世界观。  在国内经济系学生所必修的《国际贸易学》里,有一节专门解释商品和服务在不同国家之间的价格差异。商品由于相对便于流通,国际贸易最终会让各国相似商品之间的价格趋同,而相比之下,服务由于难以流通,价格会保持比较大的差异。经济系老师在讲授这个概念时,往往就会以理发行业为例来说明。这一理论是整个国际贸易理论的基础之一,它遵从逻辑,同时也符合现实,令人难以置疑。但在意大利,这一 看似坚固的理论岌岌可危。意大利的华人发廊将理发价格拉低到了原来的四分之一,甚至六分之一、十分之一。  周六晚上9点,圣乔瓦尼几乎所有商店都已经关门,推开这家名为Nadia发廊的大门,仍然有四五个人在坐着排队。意大利名字叫Nadia的女店主是温州人,她招呼我坐下,我问要不要晚点再过来,Nadia告诉我,用不着,马上就能轮到我。果然,三个理发师片刻不停地刀剪翻飞,店主也亲自为顾客修眉、吹干头发,不到一刻钟,在我前面坐着的四五个人就已经全部剪完。  一位四十多岁的师傅示意我坐到椅子上来。我还没坐稳,师傅已经用电推子给我推掉脑袋后的一大半头发了,“您不问问我怎么剪么?”我说,师傅这才指着墙上一张“经典唯美原创发型图集”让我挑,我看着那些20世纪80年代台湾小虎队成员似的发模,扫了一圈后说“照着原来的剪短点就行”。  师傅一边麻利地推着头发,一边向我解释,意大利人的剪法可能是从一开始就一剪子一剪子地剪,而他的剪法是先用电推子推出个大概齐,然后再细剪几刀,“我们要是像意大利人那样剪,就挣不着钱了。意大利人慢工细活,我们是以多取胜”。  没说上几句话,我的新发型已经完工,整个过程还不到五分钟。除了一个烫发的姑娘还得捂着头等,我差不多是今天最后一个顾客。老板娘开始盘点今天收到的小费,周六一天,这家位于米兰郊区的理发店光小费就挣了130欧元,我问老板娘生意是不是天天这么好,她说今天是周末,不过平时也不错,“因为我们的师傅技术好”。  剪完头,我去理发店旁的冰激凌店买了一瓶水,这家店是整条街除了理发店外唯一还开着的另一家店。刚好路过的理发店老板娘看到我,又跟我打了个招呼,告诉我这瓶水不用付钱了,因为这个冰激凌店也是她的。聊了几句后,老板娘Nadia还邀请我第二天去米兰的华人街Paulo
chinese  story  italia 
october 2012 by aries1988

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