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不可理论 22: 平成最後の後ろ向き
本期嘉宾傅老师(知乎/微博 @傅渥成)近年在日本生活,他发现,从并不悠长的历史中,就可以用一些理论解读日本人的行为、心智、民族性。为何日本是个有自组织特征的社会?为何错误的理论也可以正确地理解世界?
japanese  podcast  opinion  book 
4 weeks ago by aries1988
妹尾河童 Kappa Senoo (豆瓣)
妹尾河童,(Senooせのお Kappaかっぱ,1930年6月23日—),原名「肇」,出生于日本兵库县神戸市长田区鹰取町。现任妻子为随笔作家风间茂子。日本当代具代表性的舞台设计家,1930年生于神户,1954年因舞台设计而崭露头角,此后活跃于戏剧、歌剧、芭蕾舞、音乐剧、电视等表演艺术领域,曾获“纪伊国屋演剧”、“山多利音乐”、“艺术祭优秀”、“兵库县文化”等众多奖项
book  buy  japanese  ebook 
4 weeks ago by aries1988
日语灭亡时
所谓“英语世纪”,并不是说全世界的人都用起了英语。现地语在哪里都继续存在,但世界上大部分“追求睿智的人”把英语作为普遍语使用。日常生活中使用现地语,智力活动选用普遍语,这就是“英语世纪”。非英语圈国家面临三个选择:把国语改为英语,所有人都会两种语言,一部分人会两种语言。如今国语已定型,通常不再有把日语替换掉的想法,而是大力推行所有人都会两种语言(bilingual)的国策,人人“两把刀”。

国语不是自然所赐,而是人工的产物。作为made in Japan,国语怎样造出来的呢?按照水村的说法:“追求睿智的人”翻译普遍语,使原来只是现地语的语言具有了和普遍语同样的水平,不仅审美上,而且智力上、伦理上都担起达到最高水平的重任。这种语言和国民国家诞生的历史交织,成为国民国家的国民语言,这就是国语。所谓追求睿智的人是“二重语言者”,不是会说双语(bilingual),而是能阅读和自己的说话语言不同的外语。从历史来看,翻译并不是对称的行为,水往低处流,从普遍语向现地语搬运睿智。日语在翻译普遍语——汉文的过程中产生了书写语言,但没有成为国语,始终属于现地语。
book  japanese  english  language  21C  crisis  translation  chinese 
6 weeks ago by aries1988
What's not happened since May 35, 1989 | The Japan Times
Now in Beijing everybody feigns ignorance. I don’t blame those ordinary Chinese interviewed on the streets who unanimously said, “I don’t know about it.” Their behavior isn’t wrong; it’s politically correct. What was wrong were the views of those of us in the West who dreamed a dream about China after June 4.

No civil society developed in China, although we thought in the late 1990s that the veterans of the 1989 Tiananmen incident would remain in the Communist Party and would eventually change the system from the inside toward democratization. We were wrong again. It’s time for us to stop our wishful thinking and become more realistic.
opinion  1989/6/4  japanese 
10 weeks ago by aries1988
Twitter
小学校のときなぜかやっていたことを40個あつめました
japan  japanese  game  kid  school  fun  list 
10 weeks ago by aries1988
不可理论 - 傅渥成
本期嘉宾傅老师(知乎/微博 @傅渥成)近年在日本生活,他发现,从并不悠长的历史中,就可以用一些理论解读日本人的行为、心智、民族性。为何日本是个有自组织特征的社会?为何错误的理论也可以正确地理解世界?
podcast  culture  japan  japanese 
april 2019 by aries1988
日本年号变迁与时代记忆 日经中文网

不可思议的是,明治(1868~1912年)、大正(1912~1926年)、昭和(1926~1989年)都通过年号形成了时代的印象。尽管没有合理的解释,不过可以确定的是,年号会改变人的心情。此次改元或许会成为走向全新日本的契机。

说起明治就想到维新,说起大正就联想到民主和浪漫,说起昭和则想到战争和经济增长。年号让人回顾起当时的时代。而平成似乎总带着抹不掉的负面印象。

被称为日本宪政之神的尾崎行雄曾在战败后这样提倡过。尾崎主张“为了让不论男女老少还是贵贱贤愚的全体国民都认清战败的事实,我认为应该改年号。年号可以带有‘新生日本第一年’的含义。或者是带有‘民主主义元年’、‘兴国元年’或‘投降2年’等含义”(《尾崎咢堂全集第10卷》195页)。
japanese  year  calendar  time  emperor  history  future 
april 2019 by aries1988
孔令伟评《丝绸之路与唐帝国》︱“中央欧亚”的流动_上海书评_澎湃新闻

过去研究安史之乱的学者,多半从中国史内部的视野,认为安史之乱起源于安禄山与李林甫的政治斗争。然而从中央欧亚大陆长时段的历史发展看来,安史之乱可以被视为征服王朝的先驱,亦即中央欧亚大陆骑马民族通过结合游牧社会军事力与丝路贸易经济力二者,试图将南方的中原纳入势力范围的一种趋势。然而根据森安本人所划分的历史分期,这个趋势一直要到十世纪北方游牧文化与南方农业社会进一步深入融合并形成一系列稳定的行政、商业、情报制度,方才臻于完备。而八世纪所崛起的安史势力,仍不具备这些军事以外的统治条件,因此森安称之为过早的征服王朝(310页)。换句话说,就中央欧亚史的脉络而言,安史之乱虽然仍不具备作为征服王朝的成熟条件,却深刻体现了辽、金、元、清等征服王朝的发展轨迹。

森安指出回鹘在与吐蕃的边界战争中占得上风,加上唐朝与吐蕃讲和,最终形成了九世纪二十年代唐朝、回鹘、吐蕃三国会盟的鼎立局面,这个局面维持约二十年余年,直到九世纪四十年代回鹘与吐蕃帝国崩溃。而北庭争夺战的历史意义,在于阻挡了吐蕃帝国的北进,确立了突厥语系的回鹘人在今日中亚的地位,这个影响直至今日(355页)

原本活跃于丝绸之路的粟特人,则由于八世纪中叶以后阿拔斯王朝等伊斯兰政权进入中亚后,逐步伊斯兰化而其原有的语言与宗教传统相对受到限缩。但这并不意味着粟特文化的遗产完全消失,大约在十世纪后期至十四世纪前期,粟特文化的影响仍体现在中央欧亚的佛教壁画及个别语言词汇中。此外粟特语也被以语言岛的形式,被保存在今日塔吉克斯坦境内的雅格诺比语(Yaghnobi)社群中。而根据粟特字母所创制的回鹘文字,也先后在十三世纪与十六世纪末成为蒙古文以及满文的构成基础,从而为后世中央欧亚大陆的历史发展留下深刻的遗产(356-357页)。
tang  history  xinjiang  middle-asia  religion  book  japanese 
january 2019 by aries1988
Twitter
我永远喜欢日式冷吐槽hhhhh
humor  photo  caption  japanese  fun 
january 2019 by aries1988
Naomi Osaka, a New Governor and Me

When we moved back to California two years later, I entered fourth grade and suddenly, I was the Asian kid. Ching chong chang chong ching! boys chanted on the playground, tugging at the corners of their eyes. Classmates scrunched their noses at the onigiri — rice balls wrapped in dried seaweed — that my mother packed in my lunch bag. When our teacher mentioned Japan during a social studies lesson, every head in the class swiveled to stare at me.

Here we are known as hafu, which comes from the English word half, and our existence challenges the strain in Japanese society that conflates national identity with pure-blooded ethnicity.

Ms. Osaka delivered the best possible reply: I’m just me.

When I have been reserved or less assertive than people think a situation calls for, they have attributed it to my Japanese side.

when colleagues have mistaken me for another Asian employee in the newsroom, I realize some people still instinctively want to pigeonhole me as one, but not both.
japan  japanese  identity  gaijin  anecdote  society  self  conflict 
october 2018 by aries1988
History of Japan : Episode 248 - Family Matters
This week we take on the history of the von Siebold family -- father Philip Franz, son Alexander, and daughter Kusumoto Ine. How does the story of this unusual family fit in to the story of 19th century Japan?
family  japanese  japan  netherlands  history  medicine  study  gaijin 
september 2018 by aries1988
Udon noodles: meet ramen’s quieter sibling | Financial Times
Buckwheat soba had been the predominant cheap noodle for the working class since the Edo period (1603-1868) so the younger generation saw wheat-based ramen (thin round noodles made firm and yellowish by the addition of alkaline salts) and udon (fat, soft white noodles) as exciting “foreign” food, in much the same way that postwar Europeans were attracted to the glamour of the American hamburger. More importantly, ramen cooking — still retaining a certain Chinese cultural “otherness” — was free of the rigid rules of traditional Japanese cuisine. Young cooks felt able to open noodle bars, to play fast and loose with new combinations and flavours and, in doing so, participated in a national wave of culinary creativity.

as in most Asian cuisines, texture is as vital a component of flavour as smell is to westerners. The ideal udon noodle must have koshi. There is no completely satisfactory translation into English, but it means something like “strength” or “firmness”. The noodle must have bounce, resilience, it must bite back.
explained  japanese  cuisine  udon  restaurant  london 
july 2018 by aries1988
“废柴”的快乐生活 日本青年人:不为国家而活|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
永井为父母的老去做好了准备,而面对他自己老去的风险时,他表示并没有为此存钱,“所以现在我坚持健身,尽量保持健康。”他每周末都去附近廉价的市民游泳馆游泳,并坚持每天散步,研究健康饮食。他开玩笑称自己的理想是健康到老,然后摔一跤咔嚓就归西了,不给别人添麻烦。“前几天社区免费测身体状况,我的体年龄只有26岁哦!”他很自豪地说道,不过女友亚由美血压略高,所以他最近都在研究降血压的菜谱。

“我们并不是反消费,只是不想让消费主义将自己的人生吞噬殆尽。”永井这样总结自己的生活方式。
interview  japanese  youth  story 
june 2018 by aries1988
Tsuyoshi - Wikipedia

Tsuyoshi (つよし, ツヨシ) is a masculine Japanese given name.

Tsuyoshi can be written using different kanji characters and can mean:

剛, "sturdy"
豪, "overpowering"
毅, "strong"
力, "power"
剛史, "sturdy, history"
剛志, "sturdy, will"
剛士, "sturdy, gentleman/samurai"
強, « force »
moi  japanese  name 
june 2018 by aries1988
Bright Lights, Big Shoulder Pads: A Timid Japan Recalls Its Bubble Era - The New York Times
She performs in a pop-music duo called Bed In that borrows heavily from the keyboard lines, electric drums and power chords of the ’80s. They dress ’80s, too: The shoulder pads are big, the skirts are mini and the hues are Day-Glo when they aren’t just plain shiny.

That era came to an abrupt end. Japan’s stock market crashed in 1990, and property prices plummeted. The period that followed is often called the Lost Decade, as Japan grappled with falling prices, slow growth and burdensome debt.

“I feel like back then, people weren’t afraid to be noticed,” said one dancer, Nanako Meguro, 18, who recently graduated from Tomioka High School in Osaka, about 250 miles southwest of Tokyo. “They wanted to be No. 1. I think that compared to people nowadays, everyone seemed to have a lot more confidence.”
1980s  japan  japanese  music  today  economy  mentality  future  youth  dance 
april 2018 by aries1988
/ɕ/与/ʃ/有什么区别? - 知乎
上图是[ɕ],下图是[ʃ]。从图中我们发现它们两者的共鸣腔收窄位置大致都是在牙槽嵴(alveolar ridge)后,也就是所谓的postalveolar,而区别在于[ʃ]的收窄长度大于[ɕ],[ɕ]的收窄为舌叶(舌面前的三角区)与龈后硬颚穹(tongue blade contacts the roof)构成,而[ʃ]的收窄为舌叶与牙槽嵴后区域和舌面前与硬颚的连续收窄(the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the front of the tongue bunched up ("domed") at the palate)。因此我们也很好理解为什么从感知语音学上能发现其更随机湍也更尖锐,因为其收窄造成小管变长,高频放大,而且小管越长,湍流也越明显。而造成这种差异的重要一点是为了调节其接触面积,舌尖的位置是不同的,题主可以自己尝试一下。发[ɕ]的时候舌尖应抵住下齿,而发[ʃ]的时候并不会,这样,上图上也能看到。
explained  english  japanese  pronunciation 
january 2018 by aries1988
你肯定没看过日本人写的亚洲史
拒不思考历史的民族、社会和个人是不幸的,丧失往昔的人是不幸的。世人应当认识和尊重过去以便建设符合情理的未来。——法国历史学家雅克•勒高夫
提起当今的西亚、中东我们会有什么印象?连绵的动乱?保守的宗教?取之不竭的石油?不论用什么词语形容, 西亚中东已经在处于火药桶的中心、世界文明的边缘。

中国在宋朝进入近世,唐朝的时候周边的蛮族特别是突厥和回纥相继拥有自己的文字,出现了文化觉醒,后来的契丹人、女真人对自己的文化与中华文化的优劣长短有比较取舍,不像中世时期,以汉姓汉化为荣。
book  japanese  asia  middle-asia  civ  history 
december 2017 by aries1988
Why KFC Is Christmas Dinner In Japan

The official explanation from KFC is that a Christian kindergarten in Japan wanted to order KFC for its kiddy Christmas party. The school reportedly ask the KFC shop manager to dress up as Santa Claus for the party. He agreed, appearing at the party in full Santa gear, saying, “Merry Christmas” to the children’s delight. According to KFC, gradually, more and more schools ordered KFC for their holiday parties, and in 1974, KFC held its first special Christmas meal campaign. Decades later, KFC’s Christmas has become an annual mainstay, with people growing up eating the fried chicken during the holidays and naturally associating it with Christmas.
christmas  kfc  japan  japanese  food  festival 
december 2017 by aries1988
Why Christmas Eve Is The Busiest Day Of The Year For Japan's Love Hotels
For couples in Japan, Christmas Eve is all about the infamous love hotel -- when many of the high-end hotels have already been booked months in advance. By the night of December 24th, many of these hotels are completely full with amorous couples celebrating the holiday season.
japanese  sex  couple  christmas 
december 2017 by aries1988
Fermented food may be good for your gut, but does it taste good?

Anything that has undergone a form of chemical breakdown by bacteria, yeast or other microbes — from blue cheese to sourdough bread — is fermented.

To ferment, a food needs to be put in an airless environment (a sealed jar filled with liquid, for example) in which microbes are encouraged to feed off its natural sugars. The result is an acid that both kills off harmful bacteria and transforms the original food. Put cabbage in brine and the result is soft, tart sauerkraut. Ferment soy beans, as they do at Flat Three, and the result tastes a bit like a raisin.

Booth, who dedicated a chapter of his book, The Meaning of Rice, to the mould koji, calls the Japanese the kings of fermented foods. Miso soup is my go-to hangover cure, he says. I am totally convinced of the benefits of naturally fermented foods and I do think it is one of the reasons why the traditional Japanese diet is so good for you.
trend  food  restaurant  uk  asia  japanese  korean  innovation  health  body  microbe  fermentation 
november 2017 by aries1988
The Interpreter Friday, November 3, 2017
To me, jazz isn’t so different from other forms of Japanese pop culture. If you’ve ever read a Haruki Murakami novel or watched one of the famous Studio Ghibli movies, you will never forget their impressionistic surrealism. Their mood and structure can be jazz-like in their abstraction, intricacy and embrace of dissonance.
japan  japanese  jazz  music  supermarket  fun  story 
november 2017 by aries1988
Are We Ready for Intimacy with Robots?

Hiroshi Ishi­guro builds robots. Beautiful, realistic, uncannily convincing human replicas. His quest? Untangle the ineffable nature of human connection.

in Japan: the Advanced Telecommuni­cations Research Institute International in Nara and the Intelligent Robotics Laboratory on the campus of Osaka University.

Hiroshi Ishi­guro

the capacity to imbue such a machine with humanness—that ineffable presence the Japanese call sonzai-kan.

Ishi­guro believes that since we’re hardwired to interact with and place our faith in humans, the more humanlike we can make a robot appear, the more open we’ll be to sharing our lives with it.

He is convinced that human emotions, whether empathy or romantic love, are nothing more than responses to stimuli, subject to manipulation. Through the fluid interplay of its pneumatic joints, the arch of its mechanical brow, the tilt of its plastic skull, the many subtle movements achieved through years of research studying the human template, the android becomes more able to span that gap, to form a perfectly engineered bond with us. An elaborate metaphysical trick, perhaps—but what does that matter, if it fills a need? If it feels real?

Designed with the physical proportions that its human owner prefers, the preferred voice timbre and eye color and personality type, and the ability to recall and riff on its owner’s personal stories and little jokes, android will captivate human.

someone would be left alone in their advanced age to relive the joy of having a child through the cradling of a robot with stunted limbs.

The countless ways in which we judge someone based on their appearance all evaporate in the face of this neutral appearance, as Hiroshi calls the Telenoid’s blank, abstract body. And what is left in its place is that ineffable thing he has been trying to define: a distinctly human presence, free of the uncanny. It is an outsider, like its maker—but one who manages to trigger our affection. While holding the android, it hardly matters that this humanness is emitting from something that barely resembles a human at all.
human  body  android  idea  research  thinking  history  japan  japanese  reportage  interview  invention  story  emotion  office  journalism 
october 2017 by aries1988
The school beneath the wave: the unimaginable tragedy of Japan’s tsunami
The trick is to preserve compassion without bearing each individual tragedy as your own;

In ancient times, this region of Japan, known as Tōhoku, was a notorious frontier realm of barbarians, goblins and bitter cold. Even today, it remains a remote, marginal, faintly melancholy place, the symbol of a rural tradition that, for city-dwellers, is no more than a folk memory.

Then darkness overcame him. Everyone who experienced the tsunami saw, heard and smelled something subtly different. Much depended upon where you were, and the obstacles that the water had to overcome to reach you. Some described a waterfall, cascading over sea wall and embankment. For others, it was a fast-rising flood between houses, deceptively slight at first, tugging trippingly at the feet and ankles, but quickly sucking and battering at legs and chests and shoulders. In colour, it was described as brown, grey, black, white.

A clock in a second-floor classroom at Okawa elementary school, which stopped at 3.36pm, about 50 minutes after the earthquake.
japan  earthquake  tsunami  school  human  error  children  death  japanese  2011  instapaper_favs  management  fail  2011/3/11 
october 2017 by aries1988
Kazuo Ishiguro wins Nobel Literature Prize
The British writer is known for novels including The Remains of the Day and Never Let Me Go.
2017  writer  japanese  uk  movie 
october 2017 by aries1988
The Japanese Origins of Modern Fine Dining

the story really kicks off a few decades later, when some of Point’s disciples — most notably, Paul Bocuse — create nouvelle cuisine. Propelled by the hunger for change in post-1968 France, not to mention its own trio of hype men in the form of André Gayot, Christian Millau, and Henri Gault, this new generation of French chefs exploded the remaining French culinary orthodoxies by introducing light sauces, minimal cooking times, and more artful presentation.

before it appeared suddenly and decisively in France in the 1960s. A great deal of nouvelle cuisine’s innovations, in fact, paralleled classical aspects of Japanese dining, especially the movement’s emphasis on shorter cooking times; minimalist, playful plating; and a focus on extracting the essential aspects of an ingredient, rather than transforming it.

Kaiseki is most easily defined as Japanese haute cuisine, but like many translations, that equivalence leaves out key context. For one, while European haute cuisine descended from royal court banquets, kaiseki’s cultural legacy is tied both to the dining habits of the elite and to the Zen Buddhist tradition of the tea ceremony, which highlighted the rustic and the seasonal as a meditation on impermanence. Niki Nakayama, a classically trained kaiseki chef who is currently exploring the idea of Californian kaiseki at her Los Angeles restaurant N/Naka, describes it simply, as the most formal way of dining in Japan. In her telling, the tea ceremony included food that was simple, vegan, and could be served as a snack; later, the cuisine evolved into a celebratory meal for samurai.

At L’Auberge du Pont de Collonges, Paul Bocuse serves a dish that’s an homage to his mentor — a fillet of white fish that’s swimming in a yellow-beige sauce and served on a white plate that perfectly evokes the classic dishes of the mid-20th century — and that would never be served on a high-end menu today. At the same restaurant, Bocuse also serves a fish dish of his own invention, featuring a fillet of red mullet covered in potato “scales,” with an artful arrangement of sauce in a leaf-shaped counterpoint. The leap, from white food with white sauce on a white plate to more visual evocation, was made in less than a generation.
gastronomy  français  japanese  cuisine  origin 
october 2017 by aries1988
哆啦 A 梦开心地说:「日本战败了」
而另一点和之前版本不同的是,在这个版本中,大象挽救了军官的生命,并且让军官重获良知。完成了大象对于军官的救赎,同时也从另一方面,表现出了日本的战争对于人性的摧残,从而在更大的立意程度上否定了日本的二战。

这就要说到日本的当下国情。在战后的一段时间,日本的反战情绪大多数可以分析归纳成两种:

1 反思日本在二战时为什么会战败?

2 旗帜鲜明地反对所有战争。

在这两种思维中,缺少的其实是另一种旗帜鲜明的观点:日本在二战时的所作所为是错误的,这个行为本身的错误导致了日本的战败。
japan  2017  animation  opinion  japanese 
august 2017 by aries1988
D.I.Y. Artificial Intelligence Comes to a Japanese Family Farm
The Koikes have been growing cucumbers in Kosai, a town wedged between the Pacific Ocean and the brackish Lake Hamana, for nearly fifty years.

For his project, he used TensorFlow, which Google released to the public in 2015.

He began by building a custom photo stand, which allowed him to photograph each cucumber from three angles. Then, to analyze the images, he adapted a popular piece of TensorFlow software used for recognizing handwritten numerals. Before he could turn the A.I. loose, though, Koike had to train it. He captured seven thousand photos of cucumbers that his mother had already sorted, then used the data to teach his software to recognize which vegetables belonged in which categories. Finally, he built an automated conveyor-belt system to move each cucumber from the photo stand to the bin designated by the program.
agriculture  ai  business  city  countryside  engineering  example  family  japanese  story 
august 2017 by aries1988
Simon Schama on the tirelessly versatile Hokusai
https://www.instapaper.com/read/913165263

the supply of woodblock prints — costing about the price of a double helping of noodles — transformed how art was consumed. It was a genre invented to satisfy the cultural appetite of the biggest city in the world, the million-plus population of Edo (now Tokyo).

as at Versailles, an emasculated, over-dressed, politically pointless class compensated for its impotence with stupendous conspicuous consumption. That led to the rise of a merchant class to service their ever more extravagant needs.

Like all brilliant entertainment cultures drenched in feel-good fantasy, it gorged on sex and celebrity, sentimental romance and over-the-top dramatics.

'Dragon in rain clouds' (1849) © Musée national des arts asiatiques Guimet, Paris
art  artist  japanese  scenery  painting  sea 
may 2017 by aries1988
Saying Goodbye To Japan : Japan Subculture Research Center

The longer you’re in Japan, the more jaded one tends to become about the things that make being here so interesting in the first place.
teenager  japan  story  school  japanese  etiquette  american 
may 2017 by aries1988
Lunch with the FT: Donald Keene
as an 18-year-old, he came across a translation of The Tale of Genji in the Astor Hotel in New York.

worst of all, there were troops of Chinese children being led through. I was just so heartbroken by that. They deliberately inculcated hatred. These terrible things happened, yes. But you must get on with it.” These are sensitive matters, that still dog Asian politics. I could ask why Keene seems more troubled by Chinese propaganda than by Japanese atrocities.

while men were writing in classical Chinese, women more or less took over a whole new Japanese syllabary, hiragana, sometimes known as “women’s script”.
japan  japanese  american  literature  story  bio  china  war  gaijin  immigrant 
may 2017 by aries1988
Hayao Miyazaki Meets Akira Kurosawa: Watch the Titans of Japanese Film in Conversation (1993)

If you let things slide thinking ‘well, this won’t be in view of the camera,' Kurosawa warns, then there’s no end to how lazy you can get. You either give it your all, or don’t even bother.

KUROSAWA – You know, I really liked that bus in Totoro.

MIYAZAKI – [Gleefully] Thank you.

[Miyazaki seems to be at a loss for words here]

KUROSAWA – What I think is really interesting about the Sengoku-era [1467-1567] is that. . .it’s perceived to be a time when, for example, one had to be loyal to his lord and obey similar moral and ethical codes. But in actuality, those only came into existence during the Tokugawa Shogunate [Edo-era; approximately 1603-1867] as an attempt to maintain some degree of order [and peace for the Tokugawa family]. The Sengoku-era, on the other hand, was quite the opposite — people had a lot of freedom then.

KUROSAWA – And that’s the kind of environment that spawned people like Hideyoshi [1536-1598]. They’re free-thinkers. You must be loyal to your husband — that wasn’t the case then. If he wasn’t worthy, then you could just abandon him. That’s what it was like.

KUROSAWA – Shakespeare might be uniquely British, but actually. . .Japan did have people like Macbeth during that era. You’d be surprised how easily you could make a Japanese story that parallels something out of Shakespeare.

The utter devastation of Kyoto towards the end of the Heian-era [794-1185], as depicted in the Houjouki [Tale of the Ten-Foot Square Hut] — earthquakes, great fires, dead bodies everywhere. . .rushing back from Fukuhara [modern day Kobe area] only to find your estate in complete ruins. . .

KUROSAWA – [Nod] Our physique undoubtedly deteriorated during the 300 years under Tokugawa. At first, I didn’t think such a drastic change was reasonable, or even possible. But when you look at the clothes from the early Showa-era [pre WWII] and compare it to those of today. . .in just 40 years, look at how much we’ve changed. They just don’t fit!
interview  japanese  movie  animation  history  leader  art 
march 2017 by aries1988
An elderly man dedicates himself to saving lives at Japan’s ‘suicide cliffs’ | Aeon Videos
‘Their cries, their wishes, their hopes... I feel a sense of duty towards them.’
With about 70 suicides per day in 2015, Japan has one of the highest suicide rates in the developed world. At Tojinbo in Fukui Prefecture – notorious for its ‘suicide cliffs’, where numerous people have ended their lives – the retired policeman Yukio Shige has taken a hands-on approach to addressing the social issue. Alongside volunteers at his Tojinbo Nonprofit Organisation Support Center, Shige patrols the cliffs for anyone who looks distraught, and invites them to his nearby café, where he offers food, an opportunity to talk over their problems and longer-term support if necessary. Over the past 12 years, Shige’s organisation has been credited with saving some 550 lives, even as more and more people have flocked to the cliffs, which have become something of a morbid tourist attraction.
story  japan  japanese  sea 
march 2017 by aries1988
离开了“外来语”,我们还能思考吗:中西之间的日本
严复根本就没有把学童一类浅学之人当作自己的读者,他的译文是给那些饱学的士大夫读的。严复认为,改造那些饱读古书而往往又顽固守旧者的思想,是最关键的事。这批人的思想改造过来了,整个社会的风气也就会发生变化。而中国的读书人都很讲究文笔之美,严复要让他们读自己的书,首先就必须以一种美文来征服他们,对于那种本厌恶、排斥西学的人,则是给他们送上一枚糖衣炮弹。

他指出了日中两国翻译西文术语方式的不同。日本人多用双字或双字以上的词组去译西文本语,而中国人则习惯用单字,“精密不精密之分,全在于此。”这其实还是在批评严复。用单字译西文术语,正是严复的习惯,如“玄学”、“理学”、“计学”、“群学”都属此类。
chinese  origin  japanese  language  minguo  translation  history  comparison 
february 2017 by aries1988
My sense of meiwaku | The Japan Times

Meiwaku is an important word in overcrowded, group-centered, harmony-obsessed Japan, and a concept that is pounded into children from an early age, along with a related term, wagamama, which means self-centeredness. If you are wagamama, you will no doubt be meiwaku. The lesson from pre-school on is this: Being wagamama and meiwaku are bad. Not being so is good.

Of course, much of this is a simple show of proper manners. Yet the motto of Group Japan seems not to be, all for one and one for all. Rather it’s all for all. All of the time.
japanese  politeness  society 
february 2017 by aries1988
学习日语的app有哪些? - 杨远骋的回答 - 知乎
我在正式开始启动学日语之前,花了接近一周的时间,断断续续调研各种学习方式、学习工具,翻遍了知乎所有关于日语学习的回答,也阅读了 Quora 上的部分问答,形成了自己的学习方式。实施了两个月,小有成效。 学习中用到的 App 并不多,但覆盖很全面,如截…
japanese  learn  tool 
february 2017 by aries1988
How Japanese food is revolutionising the way we eat | How To Spend It
The vogue in the food world for all things Japanese, though, is not restricted simply to Japanese chefs cooking French food. When you can find a sushi bar on every street corner, yuzu juice in supermarkets, wagyu beef in steak restaurants and sake being sniffed and swirled as seriously as wine, even in non-Japanese restaurants, something is clearly afoot.

Miso is loaded with umami, the so-called “fifth taste”. It is a word chefs have bandied around freely for a while and it is now gaining currency among the general public. Originally isolated and described in 1908, it is a sort of savoury, meaty quality in food that can be detected on the palate, along with saltiness, bitterness, sourness and sweetness.

Western cuisine has always contained umami – roast beef, anchovies, Parmesan, tomatoes and mushrooms all contain the glutamates responsible for umami – but it is only recently that European cooks have given it the same status as the four other basic tastes.
uk  story  entrepreneurial  japanese  cuisine  fruit  food  local 
february 2017 by aries1988
日语口语中清浊音如何区分? - 语言 - 知乎
第一个答案说得很完整了,我来简化一下。
发音主要分清浊两种,其中清音又分送气和不送气两种。
这三种发音用英文来指代就是play、sport、boy中的p和b。
汉语拼音方案中的辅音(声母)基本都是清音(除了n、r、l),只是送气和不送气的区别。
最后,如果会上海话的话,可以比较下丢和读的发音。
japanese  français  learn  language  comparison 
january 2017 by aries1988
おいしいうた (豆瓣)
福原希己江 - 青椒肉絲(チンジャオロース)

ある日会ってきたドッでっかい中華鍋
今ではこれ無しじゃ作れない物がある
それはあなたも私も大好きな
その名も 青椒肉絲(チンジャオロース)

作り方は至って簡単
野菜と お肉を強火(つよび)て炒(いた)めて

ピーマン パプリカ 筍(たけのこ) 牛肉も入れて
最後に愛のスパイス入れたら
もう直ぐ出来上がれ
ピーマン パプリカ 筍(たけのこ) 牛肉も入れて
サーと炒めたら出来上がり 青椒肉絲(チンジャオロース)

ある日会ってきたドッでっかい中華鍋
島をどころに困る程大きいの
けれで今では無しじゃ作れない物がある
その名も 青椒肉絲(チンジャオロース)

お疲れさん 今日はねえ
あなたの大好きな物も作ったの

ピーマン パプリカ 筍(たけのこ) 牛肉も入れて
色とりどりの野菜達よ 栄養満点
ピーマン パプリカ 筍(たけのこ) 牛肉も入れて
最後に愛のスパイス入れて
出来上がり 青椒肉絲(チンジャオロース)

あ~あ~
japanese  song 
january 2017 by aries1988
生活在南京的日本人
“素晴らしいビデオ。
現在500人程しかいないという南京在住日本人、その4人の声を拾った。
(もちろん先日の12月13日南京大虐殺記念日に合わせたもの)

【生活在南京的日本人】
https://t.co/pAh9wuZoQd”
china  japanese  gaijin  life  story  video 
december 2016 by aries1988
Japanese writing system - Wikipedia
Some words are colloquially written in hiragana and writing them in kanji might give them a more formal tone, while hiragana may impart a softer or more emotional feeling.[7] For example, the Japanese word "kawaii", the Japanese equivalent of "cute", can be written entirely in hiragana as in かわいい, or as the kanji term 可愛い.

Because of this mixture of scripts, in addition to a large inventory of kanji characters, the Japanese writing system is often considered to be the most complicated in use anywhere in the world.[1][2]

... the British linguist and diplomat Sir George Sansom to write:

One hesitates for an epithet to describe a system of writing which is so complex that it needs the aid of another system to explain it. There is no doubt that it provides for some a fascinating field of study, but as a practical instrument it is surely without inferiors.[8]
japanese  language 
december 2016 by aries1988
Why a Paris corner shop taught FT writer the most about France
There are few better places for a Sunday brunch than Sanukiya, a small udon bar close to the Opéra. This Japanese eatery offers fabulous soups and tempura, and ice-cold Japanese beer on tap

€1m A one-bedroom apartment in the 1st arrondissement, a short walk from the Tuileries Garden

€2.5m A four-bedroom apartment in a Haussmannian building in the 7th arrondissement, close to Les Invalides

€5m A 218 sq metre apartment in the elegant 16th arrondissement, with views of the Eiffel Tower
paris  story  money  buy  appart  restaurant  idea  japanese  food  sunday  travel 
november 2016 by aries1988
外刊扫描|“战争认识”:日本人迟迟不愿正视历史?
1931年的满洲事变、1937年的日中战争以及1941年的太平洋战争,在中国往往被看成一个整体来作评判。而在日本,它们之间的界限被明确、刻意地区分开来。1937年开始的日中战争被看成亚洲内部战争,在亚洲战场上同欧美展开的是人种战争,与苏联则是意识形态之争,除此之外还有自存自卫、亚洲解放等等各种各样的解释。在对日本本国国民的舆论调查中,认为太平洋战争是侵略战争的占52%,认为资源匮乏而不得已向他国采取军事行动,为了生存而战的占45%,认为太平洋战争美日双方都有责任的占56%。

日德之间存在着主体选择的差异。日本认为,德国在纳粹统治时期,当时的国民对政策决定的积极赞同和强烈支持不同,日本在发动战争时,大部分的国民在当时环境下只有顺从,却要承担起战争时期不断的空袭以及原子弹攻击这样的后果。普通的日本民众无法接受,受害者意识油然而生。对于德国来说,纳粹以及支持纳粹上台的德国民众理应承担战争全责,而日本真正应该承担责任的是旧日本军,特别是陆军。

教科书塑造了普通大众最基本的历史认识。教科书中所书写的历史,也往往被当做常识。在学校教育中,每每涉及到各自国家的历史,同时也意味着他要肩负着传达政治正确的重任。各国的历史教科书分别记述了各自不同的历史观,若非亲身处在全球商业和社交聚会中,面对不同文化的冲击,否则自身很难会发现这一点。

1949年后的中国继承了民国时期对抗战的评价话语,长时间受到革命史观的熏陶。而临海的日本,关于这场战争的历史认识随着战后思想的改变而不断变换。这种历史认识的差异成为中日两国民众频频产生误解的主因。
japanese  ww2  opinion  comparison  american  history  textbook  school  deutschland  china  conflict  question 
november 2016 by aries1988
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