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aries1988 : knowledge   25

Meet the pirate queen making academic papers free online
She cared less about the form than the function: she wanted a global brain. To her, paywalls began to seem like the plaques in an Alzheimer’s-riddled mind, clogging up the flow of information.
academia  stans  story  science  piracy  female  leader  russia  today  idea  world  brain  knowledge  share 
february 2018 by aries1988
How the Index Card Cataloged the World

Carl Linnaeus, the father of biological taxonomy, also had a hand in inventing this tool for categorizing anything. An Object Lesson.

The index card was a product of the Enlightenment, conceived by one of its towering figures: Carl Linnaeus, the Swedish botanist, physician, and the father of modern taxonomy.

The Swedish scientist is more often credited with another invention: binomial nomenclature, the latinized two-part name assigned to every species.

species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, and kingdom.
enlightenment  tool  nature  knowledge  epistemic  botany  research  history 
december 2017 by aries1988
Letter of Recommendation: iNaturalist - The New York Times

Most of us are oblivious to this winged panoply, even in our own backyards, because our perception is circumscribed by our ecological illiteracy. Learning the names of our many wild neighbors is an exercise in perspective and empathy, transforming the outdoors from a pastoral backdrop into a world of parallel societies inhabited by diverse creatures, each with its own character and career.
nature  love  apps  life  knowledge  howto  tool  opinion  earth  epistemic 
december 2017 by aries1988
梁文道:讀書加點吉拿棒(一粒藥丸與一顆橘子之二)

就好比「加點吉拿棒」之類的Youtuber,能夠用幾分鐘讓你「看完」一部時長兩小時的電影。它可以十分有趣,構思和判語巧到讓人叫絕。
reading  today  china  app  knowledge 
november 2017 by aries1988
梁文道:給他二十塊,他替你做愛(一粒藥丸與一顆橘子二之一)
梁文道:給他二十塊,他替你做愛(一粒藥丸與一顆橘子二之一) via @instapaper
today  business  learn  knowledge  book  reading 
november 2017 by aries1988
A Culture of Growth by Joel Mokyr — why did the Industrial Revolution happen?

A Culture of Growth, by the equally distinguished historian Joel Mokyr, also sees economic growth as the result of ideas rather than material conditions or political and economic institutions.

Mokyr’s new book seeks to identify the conditions that turned the inventions of the late 18th and early 19th centuries into sustained, modern economic growth. There had been earlier significant waves of invention in China and the Islamic world, for example, but none snowballed into a world-changing industrial revolution. Mokyr argues that in western Europe at the time of the Enlightenment, a set of conditions happened to coincide to create a Republic of Letters, a ferment of public debate and innovation we might now label as open science. Knowledge, from deep scientific insight to more practical technological know-how and tinkering, became a common resource. Leading scientists and thinkers corresponded with counterparts around the continent, and were helped by the political fragmentation of Europe, which led to rulers competing to attract the most prominent intellectual stars to their own territories.
book  history  development  opinion  knowledge  culture  modernity  human 
december 2016 by aries1988
Joel Mokyr: Progress Isn't Natural - The Atlantic
How and why did the modern world and its unprecedented prosperity begin? Many bookshelves are full of learned tomes by historians, economists, political philosophers and other erudite scholars with endless explanations. One way of looking at the question is by examining something basic, and arguably essential: the emergence of a belief in the usefulness of progress.

This was a departure from the beliefs of most societies in the past, which were usually given to some measure of “ancestor worship”—the belief that all wisdom had been revealed to earlier sages and that to learn anything one should peruse their writings and find the answer in their pages.
essay  human  history  technology  science  knowledge  development 
november 2016 by aries1988
爱看历史书籍,但看完很容易忘记具体的细节,有什么好办法么? - 知乎

首先,最直接的,就是教会我们怎样有效地去了解、去欣赏一个不同的文化世界:欧洲的修道院也好,日本的庄园经济也好,或者是其他各种不同的文明。按照本系系主任老师的说法,修读过历史系的学生,以后去了国际关系呀、传媒之类的领域,也许不会直接和古代世界打交道了;但是,在对各种纷繁的问题的时候,土耳其的政变啦、某个社会现象啦,他们知道该如何着手,他们知道哪些东西自己首先要记住,然后要去看哪些材料、追索哪些问题——在这个过程中,向有关的学者请教,也会事半功倍。

稍稍,进阶一些,就是告诉我们很多神话是如何被组织起来的。我们是一个怎样的国家,我们的民族从哪里来,到哪里去,我们从小就接受了很多这样的教育。我们至少可以问:这样的历史叙事是如何被搭建起来的?哪些地方我们要保持一些谨慎和怀疑?有没有一种可能,可以搭建成一种别的样子?哪些地方,我们可以期待一些进一步的拓展?要之,对历史的爱好依然可以带给我们很多。小一些说,她让我们在信息时代变得有效率;大一些说,她也帮助我们成为一个更好的公共人。
reading  book  history  howto  academia  tips  notes  knowledge 
september 2016 by aries1988
洞见是如何产生的?

使用思维导图可以比较好地解决这个问题。画思维导图能帮助我们跳出一词一句的细枝末节,站在篇章结构的角度对一篇文章进行审视,厘清作者的行文思路,从而对文章有更深入的理解。这种方式同样适用于大块头书籍阅读。每次读完一本书后,尝试着将书中主要观点以及读书笔记提取出来加入到思维导图中,中间如果有记忆模糊的地方再回去重新读一遍。这样的阅读方式比起浮光掠影地翻完一本书,效果要好很多。
thinking  pkm  knowledge  how  to  reading  notes 
august 2016 by aries1988
不懂构建知识体系,你迟早被信息洪水淹死
我们会从过往实践经历中归纳经验和知识,我们会基于一些知识理论指导演绎其他事物的发展,在这个过程中知识是在不断变化的,但认知知识的方法是相对稳定的,也就是元认知——人对自己的认知过程的认知。

评判一个人是否厉害,大家当时的判断标准就是——在任何条件下都能保持稳定的输出。

为什么要构建知识体系?我们都想成为厉害的人。怎么成为厉害的人?厉害的人就是在任何条件下都能保持稳定质量的输出。

六个步骤:目标、获取、提炼、输出、聚合、扩充。
pkm  howto  knowledge  learn  brain 
august 2016 by aries1988
听王小波说对待知识的态度
“学习文史知识目的在于“温故”,有文史修养的人生活在从过去到现代一个漫长的时间段里。学习科学知识目的在于“知新”,有科学知识的人可以预见未来,他生活在从现在到广阔无垠的未来。假如你什么都不学习,那就只能生活在现实现世的一个小圈子里,狭窄的很。”
knowledge  learn  human  world  history 
august 2015 by aries1988
New scientist: The internet shows the messy truth about knowledge
Our old idea of knowledge shaped itself around the strengths and limitations of its old medium, paper Books and formal papers make knowledge look finite, knowable. By embracing the unfinished, unfinishable forms of the web we are truer to the spirit of enquiry – and to the world we live in The knowledge lived in the loose web of discussion and debate. All this happened faster, wider and deeper than if science had stayed in its paper comfort zone. Even after the question is settled, the knowledge will live not in the final article but in that web of discussion, debate, elucidation and disagreement. It's messy, but messiness is how you scale knowledge.
http://www.instapaper.com/read/255768187
knowledge  future  internet  data 
august 2012 by aries1988
上网能避免浅薄么? « 学而时嘻之
知识是有等级的。八卦新闻,实效性强的信息,网友对时局的看法,本来就不值得印在纸上浪费树木,在网上看看正好。扫读网页不见得是什么毛病,相反,能够以不同速度读不同等级的内容是最有用的阅读技术。
上网的关键态度,是要成为网络的主人,而不做各种超链接的奴隶。高效率的上网应该像自闭症患者一样具有很强的目的性,以我为主,不被无关信息左右。就算是纯粹为了娱乐上网也无可厚非,这时候读得快就是优点。一个真正的智者不会让上网占用读书时间,他应该经常能够平静地深入思考,只有电话接线员才随叫随注意。
http://www.instapaper.com/read/214233441
internet  knowledge  opinion 
august 2012 by aries1988
我的Evernote技巧(4)如何把它变成一个系统性的知识管理工具
想形成一个系统性的知识管理工具,很关键的因素就是形成习惯,把收集、整理、思考、实践、分享都变成日常的习惯。

在开始之前,要想清楚,你用这个东西的目的是什么,是单纯做一个资料的汇总还是想用来变成个人经验和积累的工具,不同的目的有不同的方法。目的越明确,效果越好。
knowledge  management  evernote  knowhow 
july 2012 by aries1988
Set science free from publishers' paywalls
IF YOU would like to read the latest research from my lab, be my guest. Our report on a protein from a mouse version of the winter vomiting virus has just been published in the journal PLoS One and is available online for free – to anyone (vol 7, p e38723). http://www.instapaper.com/read/295034921
science  research  price  elsevier  knowledge 
june 2012 by aries1988
网络百科取代传统纸媒?
上周,大英百科全书宣布不再印刷纸质版,专注制作数字版。直接的原因是印刷版的《大英百科全书》给其公司带来的营收比例不到 1%。1990 年版本的《大英百科全书》的销量达到了历史上的最高点,在美国共计售出了 12 万冊。然而,2010 年的《大英百科全书》修订版却只卖出了可怜的 8000 套。 目前,互联网主要的知识传递渠道有这么几种: 传统社区类网站,天涯,百度知道等。人们在这里发帖,互相调侃,讨论的意义盖过了单纯的信息散播; 社交网络,Facebook,人人网等。同社区类网站一样,它的知识传递也不够专注; 百科类网站,维基百科等。主流的知识网络散播渠道,其影响用会在下文阐述; 新兴的问答网站,Quora,知乎等。这类网站专门为了问答而建立,不同的领域之间区分明显,高效的机制使得这类网站中的问答的质量相对较高。
http://www.instapaper.com/read/265320118
encyclopedia  wikipedia  web  knowledge  future 
march 2012 by aries1988
冰点时评:当调笑“砖家”成为一种风尚
济南市民怕涨价纷纷抢购“活人墓”,立马有社会学专家跳出来说,应该像调控房价一样出台限购政策,给墓地管理也出个“国八条”;西安学生药家鑫交通肇事后捅死伤者,于是有心理学专家在电视上说,他将伤者连捅八刀是弹钢琴的重复性动作;部分青少年上网成瘾,医学专家在中俄网瘾治疗经验交流会上分析,87%的青少年上网成瘾与缺少父爱有关。(综合近日媒体报道)
expert  china  knowledge  anti-intellectualism  society  government 
march 2011 by aries1988

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