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aries1988 : myth   9

The good war? - History Extra
Peter Hitchens challenges a number of popular beliefs about the Second World War
ww2  myth  historian  history  deutschland  uk  leader  opinion 
november 2018 by aries1988
How walking a labyrinth can trace a route to self-knowledge | Aeon Essays
I could never have gotten myself lost. In the Mizmaze there is one entrance and one exit, and one route between them: by one definition this makes it a unicursal ‘labyrinth’ rather than a multicursal ‘maze’, which presents choices between alternative paths.
definition  myth  greek  architecture  garden  archaeology  philosophy 
november 2017 by aries1988
Inside the World’s Largest Walnut Forest - Roads & Kingdoms
As you enter the forest, the smell of wood and coal fires near the village gives way to an earthy richness, as the muddy ebony paths crisscross over and around undulating hills. Tire tracks from Lada Niva cars— the tank-like 4x4s ubiquitous across former Soviet states—mingle with horse and donkey hooves, churning the cloying mud into an even thicker mess, greatly slowing attempts to walk.
stans  forest  middle-asia  village  urss  myth  Tourism 
july 2017 by aries1988
How to change the face of Europe - FT.com
‘Europe today faces a problem: it lacks a clear creation myth with unifying heroes’
https://www.instapaper.com/read/721544683
europe  crisis  opinion  currency  people  nation  globalization  leader  myth  human  concept  instapaper_favs 
may 2016 by aries1988
Dispelling the Myth of Deferred Gratification
Underlying self-discipline and grit is the idea of deferring gratification—for example, by putting off doing what you enjoy until you finish your "work." The appeal to many educators of transforming kids from lazy grasshoppers to hardworking ants explains the fresh wave of interest in a series of experiments conducted back in the 1960s known as the marshmallow studies.

What mostly interested Mischel wasn't whether children could wait for a bigger treat—which, by the way, most of them could. It wasn't even whether those who waited fared better in life than those who didn't. Rather, the central question was how children go about trying to wait and which strategies help. It turned out that kids waited longer when they were distracted by a toy. What worked best wasn't (in Mischel's words) "self-denial and grim determination," but doing something enjoyable while waiting so that self-control wasn't needed at all.

It shouldn't be surprising that the kids' capacity to figure out a way to think about something other than the food was associated with their SAT scores. It's not that willpower makes certain kids successful; it's that the same loose cluster of mental proficiencies that helped them with distraction when they were young also helped them score well on a test of reasoning when they were older. (In fact, when the researchers held those scores constant, most of the other long-term benefits associated with their marshmallow-related behavior disappeared.)

Perhaps the broader message for educators is this: Focus less on "fixing the kids" and more on improving what and how they're taught.
teacher  children  education  opinion  learn  experiment  gratification  classic  myth  mind 
september 2014 by aries1988
《西游记》的神话谱系:神魔世界的生存逻辑-三联生活周刊
与西方史诗神话的系统性不同,中国神话和神话元素驳杂而散乱,并在民间信仰中广泛渗透,留下了零碎的文字记录。中国神话体系分为上古神话体系、道教佛教经典体系、民间俗神体系、神魔小说体系。其中上古神话体系浪漫而纷乱,只有散乱的一个个小故事。在早期的《山海经》时代,上古神话附着了山川地理的因素,以片段的方式展示了初民的神话观念。但与史诗神话不同的是,神话元素间缺乏情节的构造。其后,儒家影响下,这些神仙、妖怪又散落于各种志怪书和民俗传说中。
取经路上一共有40多拨妖怪,是唐僧前进的主要阻力。妖怪在西方常称为怪物,一般指容貌恐怖的动物或兽人。而在东方,妖怪是一个笼统的贬义词,泛指一切有超能力或法术的非神、非仙、非人、非鬼的群体。他们多由动物、植物修炼而成,比如黑熊精、蛇妖。修炼并一心向善悟道,并被纳入天庭体系,则可完成从妖到仙、佛的转变。取经团队中,出身草根的孙悟空,出身天庭的猪八戒、沙僧和出身龙宫的小白龙,都有一段妖怪履历。
顺便介绍了玉帝的履历:“他自幼修持”,修行了1750劫,每劫12.96万年。这么算起来,玉帝的年龄至少到了2.3亿岁。如果从地球的历史看,2.3亿年前三叠纪刚刚开始,早期的哺乳动物才开始出现。按照如来的逻辑,天庭也要按资排辈,以孙悟空三五百年的资历,怎么能抢玉帝的位置呢?
myth  chinese  fun 
may 2013 by aries1988

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