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aries1988 : nuclear   27

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和我爹一起看了HBO的切尔诺贝利,他说爆炸时他就在周围不远,和基辅人民差不多到30日才知道事情可能有点严重,因为有个苏联部长的儿子跑了。于是去找中国大使馆问,大使馆官腔曰:支持社会主义阵营别跑,你说辐射危险,你们有证据辐射量有多少…
anecdote  1986  chernobyl  nuclear  disaster  tv  china  embassy 
6 weeks ago by aries1988
Will Chernobyl Ever End?
Chernobyl was a disaster, but it was not the apocalypse. It was a highly specific event—specific to the reactor and to the Soviet state that it was conceived in. But it should give us pause to reflect generally on the high costs of technological mismanagement and deferred maintenance. It is easy to dismiss a few thousand extra cancers, out of the hundreds of thousands of cancers caused by other sources, when they are not in the bodies of our loved ones; it is easy to say that the Exclusion Zone is relatively small when it is on the other side of the world. These battles of Chernobyl are still being waged, but there may be no winners in the war.
disaster  nuclear  soviet  1986 
7 weeks ago by aries1988
Letter of Recommendation Offgrid’s ‘What If
A prepper magazine that will make you appreciate what you have.
disaster  survive  nuclear  daily  magazine  imagination  hijack 
february 2019 by aries1988
'Charlottesville': A Government Story About Nuclear War - The Atlantic

Charlottesville, the small but elegant center of learning, culture, and trade in central Virginia, was not hit either. This monument to the mind and manner of Jefferson retained its status as a kind of genteel sanctuary, momentarily immune to the disaster that had leveled the cities of the nation.
scifi  history  nuclear  war  usa  government  life  explained  policy  survive 
february 2018 by aries1988
The Interpreter
(1) It’s over. We failed. North Korea is a nuclear power now.
2017  korea  asia  crisis  usa  war  nuclear  military  success 
november 2017 by aries1988
A Murderous History of Korea

Kim’s reputation was inadvertently enhanced by the Japanese, whose newspapers made a splash of the battle between him and the Korean quislings whom the Japanese employed to track down and kill him, all operating under the command of General Nozoe Shotoku, who ran the Imperial Army’s ‘Special Kim Division’.

A vital figure in the long Japanese counterinsurgency effort was Kishi Nobusuke, who made a name for himself running munitions factories. Labelled a Class A war criminal during the US occupation, Kishi avoided incarceration and became one of the founding fathers of postwar Japan and its longtime ruling organ, the Liberal Democratic Party; he was prime minister twice between 1957 and 1960.

Kim Il-sung and Kishi are meeting again through their grandsons. Eight decades have passed, and the baleful, irreconcilable hostility between North Korea and Japan still hangs in the air.

The demonisation of North Korea transcends party lines, drawing on a host of subliminal racist and Orientalist imagery; no one is willing to accept that North Koreans may have valid reasons for not accepting the American definition of reality.

Congress and the American people knew nothing about this. Several of the planners were Japanophiles who had never challenged Japan’s colonial claims in Korea and now hoped to reconstruct a peaceable and amenable postwar Japan.

They worried that a Soviet occupation of Korea would thwart that goal and harm the postwar security of the Pacific.

it was no surprise that after a series of South Korean incursions into the North, full-scale civil war broke out on 25 June 1950.

South Korea’s stable democracy and vibrant economy from 1988 onwards seem to have overridden any need to acknowledge the previous forty years of history, during which the North could reasonably claim that its own autocracy was necessary to counter military rule in Seoul. It’s only in the present context that the North looks at best like a walking anachronism, at worst like a vicious tyranny.
war  korea  origin  disaster  nuclear  usa  explained  instapaper_favs 
september 2017 by aries1988
How Japan is preparing for a nuclear attack

One of the US’s biggest business groups, for example, polls its members each quarter about how company executives perceive geopolitical risks. Until very recently, a minute proportion of companies considered North Korea to be the most serious threat; instead, the dominant focus for concern was so-called Islamic State.

Yet the pattern is changing. In the most recent survey, compiled this month, North Korea is ranked as the number one threat, above Isis. But most voters still know little about the country, and few realise that American troops in Japan or California might be a target.

Confronting a possible missile threat looks scary but it’s not necessarily any more frightening than the knowledge that more than 33,000 people are killed by gunfire each year in the US. Cultural perceptions of danger vary.
story  japan  usa  korea  war  nuclear  perception  world 
may 2017 by aries1988
The U.S. wants to stop North Korean missiles before they launch. That may not be a great idea. - The Washington Post
Alternatively, they might preempt an attack that was about to take place, by targeting the basic command, control and communications systems that are used to launch missiles. This might work better than conventional antimissile systems that a U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff report describes as trying “to hit a bullet with a bullet.”

This means that it is very hard to use cyber weapons to make credible threats against other states. As soon as you have made a credibly-specific threat, you have likely given your target enough information to figure out the vulnerability that you want to exploit.

Cyber operations rely on deception, but nuclear deterrence relies on clear communication.
diplomacy  war  nuclear  cyberwar 
march 2017 by aries1988
Hazard lines
Exposure to any potential hazard involves a certain risk. It’s where we draw the line between high risk and low risk that defines what is safe and what is not. This gives rise to an interesting set of questions. Would everyone draw that line in the same place? Would we draw the same line for ourselves as we would for others? And, would we allow others to draw the line for us?

it’s well-documented that people have difficulty conceptualising ratios and fractions because they focus on numerators to the detriment of denominators, there’s been little movement away from using ratio metrics when presenting risk to the public.
nuclear  safety  science  people  perception  history  regulation  law  future  self 
june 2016 by aries1988
What About the Bombing of Nagasaki? - The New Yorker
Kyoto, Hiroshima, Yokohama, and Kokura were the first four targets chosen, with Niigata as a runner-up.

Given the plane’s mechanical problems, the crew were close to the point at which they would have to turn back or risk ditching. To have any hope of making it to a friendly airbase they would likely have had to drop the Fat Man into the ocean. “Less than two hours of fuel left,” one of the pilots wrote in his mission diary. “Wonder if the Pacific will be cold?”

After Hiroshima, now that the bomb was no longer a secret, the Army Air Forces had drafted propaganda leaflets to inform the people of Nagasaki about the possible coming shock—as much an act of psychological warfare as a humanitarian warning. But internal coördination with the bombing crews was so poor that the leaflets were delivered late. They fluttered down over the city the day after the Fat Man went off.

The day after Nagasaki, Truman issued his first affirmative command regarding the bomb: no more strikes without his express authorization. He never issued the order to drop the bombs, but he did issue the order to stop dropping them. Even if Hiroshima remains preëminent in our historical memory—the first nuclear weapon used in anger—Nagasaki may be of greater consequence in the long run, something more than the second attack. Perhaps it will be the last.
reportage  weapon  disaster  1945  nuclear  history  anniversary 
may 2016 by aries1988
Japan’s 3/11
When the time came for Japan to stop in remembrance, there was not one moment of silence but two: The first, at 2:46 P.M., when the biggest quake in the nation’s history struck one year ago. And then the second: In tiny towns up and down the coast, they paused again, exactly thirty-three minutes later, to mark the moment when the tsunami arrived.

In Sendai, the city launched fireworks—twenty thousand of them—one for each person who died.

Officially, the earthquake and wall of water that ran across Japan’s northeast coast killed nearly sixteen thousand people. Another three thousand three hundred are still classified as “unaccounted for.” To this day, members of the police and coast guard are still engaged in a kind of pantomime, combing the rivers and shorelines for bodies that nobody but the families imagine can be found.

the psychological effects are vast and obvious —an “anguished uncertainty” in the words of physicist and historian Spencer Weart. The combined effects of stigma, dislocation, and fear of the unknown are “a recipe for social isolation, anxiety, depression, psychosomatic medical problems, reckless behavior, even suicide.”
http://www.instapaper.com/read/261573977
report  japan  disaster  anniversary  nuclear 
august 2012 by aries1988
德国弃核,先驱还是先烈? 南方周末记者亲历弃核后的德国
德国弃核九个月后,全世界的支持者和反对者依旧为此争论不休。这个冬天,德国是否会发生电荒?民众能否承受高电价?垄断能源巨头将如何挑战政府?未来四十年,被寄予厚望的可再生能源又能否拯救德国?
http://www.instapaper.com/read/236274583
germany  nuclear  energy  strategy  future  report 
august 2012 by aries1988
“以邻为壑”
再有三天,日本这场史无前例的连环灾害将满月,但在看到几丝若隐若现的曙光后,事态似又在向更坏的方向坠落。《北京日报》今天发表头条评论,分析邻国“核事故应对乏力”的根源:“在政治为资本服务的制度设计下,人们在核危机面前都难以看到民选政府对企业强有力的督促、监管、问责,也看不到对民众公开透明、极度负责的态度,政治制度在财阀资本面前的低眉顺眼可见一斑。”
china  japan  critic  report  crisis  nuclear 
april 2011 by aries1988
中国地震+火山+核电站分布结合图
说明几点:
200公里半径的圈只是参照,不表示这个圈里危险或圈外就安全
圈是手动绘制,所以误差肯定有不少
本人不认为核电就比水电,火电更危险
nuclear  map  china  safety 
april 2011 by aries1988
中国核电为何挡不住?
日本核危机给中国当前极其亢奋的核电大跃进泼了一盆冷水,短时间内肯定会影响中国核电的发展,但长远来看,核电的发展是挡不住的。
china  nuclear  future  fukushima 
march 2011 by aries1988
Avenir du nucléaire : les trois scénarios envisageables | L'Energie d'avancer
Maintien de la filière nucléaire française. Réduction de la part de l’atome. Abandon progressif du nucléaire. Voici les trois scénarios envisageables pour l’avenir de l’atome. Si le drame de Fukushima a généré une importante remise en cause, les conséquences économiques et écologiques d’une sortie du nucléaire rendent cette option peu crédible. un réacteur EPR coûte 60 € par mégawattheure, comme les éoliennes les plus performantes.
future  energy  eolien  numbers  nuclear  comparison  language  français 
march 2011 by aries1988
1986:切尔诺贝利事故发生之初专家的判断
1986年4月26日苏联乌克兰境内发生的切尔诺贝利核电站事故,当时媒体在事故发生的第一周是怎样报道的,专家又是怎样判断其后果的呢?
history  russia  nuclear  accident 
march 2011 by aries1988

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